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Abbreviation: UP
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Long forms: 395

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Uttar Pradesh
(117 times)
Public Health
(18 times)
MP (6 times)
AFP (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1979 Sero-epidemiological studies on coxiellosis in animals and man in the state of Uttar Pradesh and Delhi (India).
urinary protein
(86 times)
Nephrology
(22 times)
BUN (19 times)
SCr (14 times)
CKD (10 times)
1992 Significance of deposits and abnormalities of the glomerular basement membrane in tissue injury accompanying IgA nephropathy.
Uremic pruritus
(62 times)
Nephrology
(23 times)
VAS (17 times)
HD (16 times)
ESRD (11 times)
2004 A prospective proof of concept study of the efficacy of tacrolimus ointment on uraemic pruritus (UP) in patients on chronic dialysis therapy.
unipolar
(61 times)
Psychiatry
(35 times)
BP (38 times)
BP-II (14 times)
BPI (6 times)
1977 "Organic" and "psychotic" symptoms in unipolar (up) vs bipolar (bp) depressions.
Unified Protocol
(44 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
CBT (6 times)
EDs (3 times)
SDPs (3 times)
2010 Conceptual background, development, and preliminary data from the unified protocol for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders.
urticaria pigmentosa
(42 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
SM (9 times)
CM (4 times)
MC (4 times)
1981 Familial urticaria pigmentosa with giant mast cell granules. A clinical, light, and electron microscopic study.
uncinate process
(40 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CT (7 times)
AN (3 times)
CRS (3 times)
1989 Lobe-specific responses of cultured islet cells of canine pancreas to carbamylcholine, glucose, and pancreatic polypeptide.
uridine phosphorylase
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
TP (18 times)
5-FU (10 times)
DPD (8 times)
2000 [Analysis of the salvage synthesis within biosynthesis of nucleic acid route in colon cancer].
universal precautions
(36 times)
Nursing
(11 times)
HCWs (3 times)
BBP (2 times)
HBV (2 times)
1989 Use of precautions by nurse-midwives to prevent occupational infections with HIV and other blood-borne diseases.
10  Ureaplasma parvum
(32 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
UU (18 times)
MH (12 times)
MG (9 times)
2006 [Influence of ureaplasma infection on the clinical state of newborns].
11  ultrasound pachymetry
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
CCT (25 times)
SM (7 times)
IOP (5 times)
1997 Epithelial and corneal thickness measurements by in vivo confocal microscopy through focusing (CMTF).
12  uroporphyrin
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CP (18 times)
PP (12 times)
ALA (5 times)
1984 Aberrant porphyrin metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma.
13  ulcerative proctitis
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
5-ASA (6 times)
UC (6 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 [Cost of early management of chronic inflammatory intestinal disease].
14  uroplakin
(24 times)
Urology
(4 times)
VUR (3 times)
CK (2 times)
TCC (2 times)
1999 Expression of transitional cell-specific genes, uroplakin Ia and II, in bladder cancer: detection of circulating cancer cells in the peripheral blood of metastatic patients.
15  urethral plate
(23 times)
Urology
(12 times)
TIP (8 times)
e-TIP (2 times)
G-TIP (2 times)
2003 Dihydrotestesterone induction of EPHB2 expression in the female genital tubercle mimics male pattern of expression during embryogenesis.
16  urinary protein excretion
(20 times)
Nephrology
(13 times)
Ccr (6 times)
SBP (5 times)
ACEI (2 times)
1988 A comparison of the effects of converting-enzyme inhibition and protein restriction in experimental nephrosis.
17  ubiquitin-proteasome
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ATG (4 times)
PD (4 times)
DA (3 times)
2002 Effects of exercise on canine skeletal muscle proteolysis: an investigation of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and other metabolic markers.
18  unsaturated polyester
(18 times)
Polymers
(5 times)
SEM (3 times)
ATH (2 times)
POSS (2 times)
1993 Occupational contact allergy to unsaturated polyester resin cements.
19  upstream
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
RNAP (6 times)
ARGs (2 times)
DN (2 times)
1994 Growth rate-dependent control of the rrnB P1 core promoter in Escherichia coli.
20  unintended pregnancy
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
LARC (3 times)
SARC (3 times)
COC (2 times)
2000 Differential risk perceptions for unintended pregnancy, STDs, and HIV/AIDS among urban adolescents: some preliminary findings.
21  Upper Paleolithic
(14 times)
Anthropology
(10 times)
MP (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
LGM (2 times)
2007 Late Pleistocene human skull from Hofmeyr, South Africa, and modern human origins.
22  urethral pressure
(14 times)
Urology
(7 times)
EMG (3 times)
RBF (3 times)
ARNA (2 times)
1975 Whole kidney volume/pressure relationships.
23  uncomplicated pregnancies
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
PE (5 times)
GH (4 times)
ICG (4 times)
2008 Glyburide metabolism by placentas of healthy and gestational diabetics.
24  unipolar depression
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
BP (4 times)
BP-II (4 times)
APO (1 time)
1999 Ethnic differences in the presentation of bipolar affective disorder.
25  upright
(13 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SUP (4 times)
CV (2 times)
NU (2 times)
1989 Cardiovascular responses during upright and semi-recumbent cycle ergometry testing.
26  ultra-performance
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
LC-MS (3 times)
QC (2 times)
apo (1 time)
2007 The application of ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry to the detection and quantitation of apolipoproteins in human serum.
27  upright posture
(12 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
DP (2 times)
WI (2 times)
1984 Effect of central hypervolemia on cardiac performance during exercise.
28  uterine prolapse
(12 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
POP (3 times)
CE (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
2006 End-stage renal failure due to total uterine prolapse.
29  Universal Preenrichment
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
BAM (5 times)
LAC (5 times)
BPW (4 times)
1992 Universal Preenrichment Broth for the Simultaneous Detection of Salmonella and Listeria in Foods.
30  ultrasound pretreatment
(10 times)
Food
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
AUP (1 time)
beta-CN (1 time)
2018 Postharvest Ultrasound-Assisted Freeze-Thaw Pretreatment Improves the Drying Efficiency, Physicochemical Properties, and Macamide Biosynthesis of Maca (Lepidium meyenii).
31  unplanned pregnancy
(9 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
LARC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
1995 Children from unwanted pregnancies in Prague, Czech Republic revisited at age thirty.
32  urine protein-to-creatinine ratio
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CKD (2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
2005 Evaluation of the association between initial proteinuria and morbidity rate or death in dogs with naturally occurring chronic renal failure.
33  usual practice
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
INT (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
2007 School-based physical activity does not compromise children's academic performance.
34  unenhanced phase
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CMP (3 times)
EP (3 times)
NP (3 times)
2018 The Radiological Differentiation of Hypervascular Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma from Hepatocellular Carcinoma with a Focus on the CT Value on Multi-phase Enhanced CT.
35  University of Pretoria
(8 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
Wits (2 times)
AAU (1 time)
AFEM (1 time)
2002 A formative evaluation of a Web-based tutorial.
36  Upper Peninsula
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LP (3 times)
CEOs (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2001 Telemedicine in the Michigan Upper Peninsula region: an evaluation of the first five years.
37  Undaria pinnatifida
(7 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
Angptl3 (1 time)
2005 Suppression of Th2 immune responses by mekabu fucoidan from Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls.
38  universal primer
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
UP-M-PCR (2 times)
ARCS (1 time)
2011 Amplification ratio control system for copy number variation genotyping.
39  universal prophylaxis
(7 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
CMV (5 times)
PT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2011 Universal prophylaxis with fluconazole for the prevention of early invasive fungal infection in low-risk liver transplant recipients.
40  urban population
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PCA (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2009 [Associations between geohelminths and socioenvironmental conditions among different human populations in Argentina].
41  urea phosphate
(7 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APP (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
2007 Packing material formulation for odorous emission biofiltration.
42  Urethral prolapse
(7 times)
Urologic Diseases
(3 times)
GA (1 time)
2011 Surgical management of urethral prolapse in girls: 13 years' experience.
43  urethroplasty
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
post-UPC (2 times)
aPRPg (1 time)
2015 Soft tissue interposition is effective for protecting the neourethra during hypospadias surgery and preventing postoperative urethrocutaneous fistula: a single surgeon's experience of 243 cases.
44  ultra-pasteurization
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HTST (5 times)
UHT (2 times)
CG (1 time)
2017 The influence of ultra-pasteurization by indirect heating versus direct steam injection on skim and 2% fat milks.
45  undecylprodigiosin
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
cPrG.HCl (1 time)
LB (1 time)
PG (1 time)
1997 Characterization of the new immunosuppressive drug undecylprodigiosin in human lymphocytes: retinoblastoma protein, cyclin-dependent kinase-2, and cyclin-dependent kinase-4 as molecular targets.
46  unit price
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
HYD (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1997 Choice between cocaine and food in a discrete-trials procedure in monkeys: a unit price analysis.
47  upper
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DIM (2 times)
LO (2 times)
CAH (1 time)
2006 Three-phase solvent systems for comprehensive separation of a wide variety of compounds by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
48  upper pole
(6 times)
Urology
(4 times)
LP (2 times)
PCNL (2 times)
ASIS (1 time)
1998 How prenatal ultrasound can change the treatment of ectopic ureterocele in neonates?
49  upright position
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
AP (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2004 Mechanical factors of cardiovascular risk in systemic arterial hypertension. A new sign of arterial rigidity.
50  upstream promoter
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
A6-tract (1 time)
alphaCTD (1 time)
NTD (1 time)
1995 Promoter architecture in the flagellar regulon of Bacillus subtilis: high-level expression of flagellin by the sigma D RNA polymerase requires an upstream promoter element.
51  urothelial papilloma
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
PUNLMP (4 times)
CHS (1 time)
HGUC (1 time)
2004 Immunohistochemical evaluation of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in noninvasive and early invasive urothelial papillary neoplasia.
52  uteroplacental
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
IUGR (2 times)
EO (1 time)
fp (1 time)
1998 Umbilical venous pressure is unaltered by severe, early-onset growth restriction.
53  ultra-processed
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
HSR (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
ADGs (1 time)
2018 Analysing the use of the Australian Health Star Rating system by level of food processing.
54  ultra-pure
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MWCO (1 time)
NF (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2008 Nanofiltration processes applied to the removal of phenyl-ureas in natural waters.
55  ultrapasteurized
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HTST (3 times)
DO (1 time)
FSM (1 time)
1992 Incidence of Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Organisms Isolated from Retail Milk Products in Hermosillo, Mexico.
56  umbilical portion
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
3D-MRCP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Surgical anatomy of the medial segment (S4) of the liver with special reference to bile ducts and vessels.
57  uncoupling protein
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
BAT (3 times)
PN (2 times)
DABS (1 time)
1987 Sulfhydryl groups are involved in H+ translocation via the uncoupling protein of brown adipose tissue mitochondria.
58  undulating periodization
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
NP (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
LP (2 times)
2009 Enhancing muscular qualities in untrained women: linear versus undulating periodization.
59  unexplained pneumonia
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
NGS (2 times)
DDD (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
2011 Attempted early detection of influenza A (H1N1) pandemic with surveillance data of influenza-like illness and unexplained pneumonia.
60  Universal Principles
(5 times)
Education
(5 times)
MN (5 times)
PI (5 times)
ES (1 time)
2014 Development of a moral judgment measure for veterinary education.
61  uterine pressure
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
FHR (5 times)
CTG (3 times)
IRF (3 times)
2009 Detecting the temporal extent of the impulse response function from intra-partum cardiotocography for normal and hypoxic fetuses.
62  undecaprenyl phosphate
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
UPP (2 times)
CESR (1 time)
2017 Undecaprenyl phosphate metabolism in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.
63  unipolar disorder
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BP (4 times)
BP1 (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1988 [Predictive factors in the bipolarization of depressive disorders].
64  Universal Pulses
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
UHF (2 times)
CP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2017 Homogeneous non-selective and slice-selective parallel-transmit excitations at 7 Tesla with universal pulses: A validation study on two commercial RF coils.
65  unpollinated
(4 times)
Botany
(3 times)
CP (2 times)
SI (2 times)
5DAP (1 time)
2004 Monitoring of gene expression profiles and isolation of candidate genes involved in pollination and fertilization in rice ( Oryza sativa L.) with a 10K cDNA microarray.
66  unsaturated polyester resin
(4 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
DMTA (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
1995 Immunologic contact urticaria due to airborne methylhexahydrophthalic and methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydrides.
67  upward
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DOWN (2 times)
MoS (2 times)
SEn (2 times)
2002 Multi-directional shifts of optokinetic responses to binocular-rivalrous motion stimuli.
68  urban poor
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EIB (4 times)
UR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1997 Exercise induced bronchospasm in Ghana: differences in prevalence between urban and rural schoolchildren.
69  uremic patients
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
cADPR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
1981 Blood pressure regulation in chronic hypotensive and hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure.
70  urinary excretion of protein
(4 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
MDA (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
ADMA (1 time)
1999 Role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of lipid-induced glomerulosclerosis in rats.
71  ulcerated plaque
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CCLs (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
1980 Prognosis of asymptomatic ulcerating carotid lesions.
72  uncertainty principle
(3 times)
Entropy
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FIM (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2005 Volume rendering in the presence of partial volume effects.
73  Underserved Pathway
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
OR (1 time)
UWSOM (1 time)
UWSOM's (1 time)
2013 Primary care residency choice and participation in an extracurricular longitudinal medical school program to promote practice with medically underserved populations.
74  unfavorable prognosis
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FP (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1986 Cell proliferation and DNA content in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Flow cytometry in relation to lymphoma classification.
75  unipolar major depressive disorder
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BP-II (2 times)
BD spectrum (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
2011 Difference in Temperament and Character Inventory scores between depressed patients with bipolar II and unipolar major depressive disorders.
76  University of Patras
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
CT, muCT (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2009 Development of a new combined test setup for accelerated dynamic pH-controlled in vitro calcification of porcine heart valves.
77  unknown primary
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
irAEs (1 time)
KP (1 time)
2013 A better prognosis for Merkel cell carcinoma of unknown primary origin.
78  unpolluted
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
GST (1 time)
2004 Oxidative stress responses in two populations of Laeonereis acuta (Polychaeta, Nereididae) after acute and chronic exposure to copper.
79  upper phase
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CCC (2 times)
GTF (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2004 Purification of glucosyltransferase from cell-lysate of Streptococcus mutans by counter-current chromatography using aqueous polymer two-phase system.
80  urban particles
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HMEECs (2 times)
PM (2 times)
APO (1 time)
2006 Pollutant particles enhanced H2O2 production from NAD(P)H oxidase and mitochondria in human pulmonary artery endothelial cells.
81  ureteropelvic
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
EILT (1 time)
UV (1 time)
1977 Ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the adult.
82  urinary protein level
(3 times)
Kidney
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1995 [A study on protein metabolism in nephrotic patients treated with Chinese herbs].
83  urine production
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
CRI (1 time)
1994 Energy expenditure and fluid production in hyperbaric He-O2 environments using doubly labeled water.
84  urine protein-to-creatinine
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AHS (1 time)
cTnI (1 time)
PTE (1 time)
2009 Determination of and correlation between urine protein excretion and urine protein-to-creatinine ratio values during a 24-hour period in healthy horses and ponies.
85  uterine peristalsis
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2017 Uterine peristalsis and fertility: current knowledge and future perspectives: a review and meta-analysis.
86  2-undecylpyrrole
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HUPG (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
UPG (1 time)
2008 Elucidation of the Streptomyces coelicolor pathway to 2-undecylpyrrole, a key intermediate in undecylprodiginine and streptorubin B biosynthesis.
87  Ulmus pumila
(2 times)
Meat Products
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AT (1 time)
SV (1 time)
2012 An active extract of Ulmus pumila inhibits adipogenesis through regulation of cell cycle progression in 3T3-L1 cells.
88  ultracentrifugation pellet
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
US (1 time)
1988 Platelet cytoskeletal protein distributions in two triton-insoluble fractions and how they are affected by stimulants and reagents that modify cytoskeletal protein interactions.
89  ultrafilterable platinum
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
TP (1 time)
1987 Creatinine clearance as a predictor of ultrafilterable platinum disposition in cancer patients treated with cisplatin: relationship between peak ultrafilterable platinum plasma levels and nephrotoxicity.
90  ultrahigh performance
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MRM (2 times)
LC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2013 Analysis of selected sugars and sugar phosphates in mouse heart tissue by reductive amination and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
91  ultraphosphate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SPG (2 times)
EDTA (1 time)
TSPP (1 time)
1994 Metal Ions Reverse the Inhibitory Effects of Selected Food-Grade Phosphates in Staphylococcus aureus.
92  Ultrapro
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
2011 Comparative analysis of histopathologic effects of synthetic meshes based on material, weight, and pore size in mice.
93  ultrasonic probe
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
UB (2 times)
DUED (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2018 Reduction of pesticide residues from tomatoes by low intensity electrical current and ultrasound applications.
94  ultrasonic processing
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TFH (1 time)
2013 Improved transfer quality of CVD-grown graphene by ultrasonic processing of target substrates: applications for ultra-fast laser photonics.
95  Ultrasonic propulsion
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BWL (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2015 Ultrasonic propulsion of kidney stones: preliminary results of human feasibility study.
96  unciform process
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2008 [Management of patients with recurrent purulent sinusitis caused by structural anomaly of the unciform process].
97  unclassifiable parkinsonism
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
PSP (2 times)
Be-TIQ (1 time)
2005 Atypical parkinsonism on Guadeloupe, comparison with the parkinsonism-dementia complex of Guam, and environmental toxic hypotheses.
98  underground parts
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CQAs (1 time)
2018 Comparison of Polyphenol Profile and Antimutagenic and Antioxidant Activities in Two Species Used as Source of Solidaginis herba - Goldenrod.
99  undulation pump
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
FTPTAH (1 time)
LA (1 time)
RP (1 time)
1995 New version of flow-transformed pulsatile total artificial heart with no electrical switching valve.
100  unified process
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CIS (2 times)
BRDF (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
2010 A user-centered, object-oriented methodology for developing Health Information Systems: a Clinical Information System (CIS) example.