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Abbreviation: USD
Appearance Frequency: 315 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
United States dollars
(105 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
CI (9 times)
ICER (6 times)
QALY (6 times)
1998 Quality of life aspects and costs in treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism with antithyroid drugs, surgery, or radioiodine: results from a prospective, randomized study.
U.S. dollars
(44 times)
Science
(7 times)
GDP (3 times)
JPY (3 times)
QALYs (3 times)
2000 The blood spot thyrotropin method is not adequate to screen for hypothyroidism in the elderly living in abundant-iodine intake areas: comparison to sensitive thyrotropin measurements.
urinary stone disease
(24 times)
Urology
(8 times)
GMB (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
1997 Human bladder urine oxygen content: implications for urinary tract diseases.
ultra scale-down
(22 times)
Biotechnology
(22 times)
TFF (2 times)
AFA (1 time)
CCTM (1 time)
2006 A methodology for centrifuge selection for the separation of high solids density cell broths by visualisation of performance using windows of operation.
urethral stricture disease
(17 times)
Urology
(12 times)
LS (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
AQUA (1 time)
2009 The new pattern of urethral stricture disease in Lagos, Nigeria.
ultrasonic dispersion
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
SAS (2 times)
AM (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
1989 [Is the ultrasonic dissector an advance? Apropos of 70 hepatectomies].
ultrasound Doppler
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1999 Breath-hold 3D gadolinium-enhanced subtraction MRA in the detection of transplant renal artery stenosis.
ultrasound
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
US (2 times)
BLs (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2003 Coronary vasodilation by noninvasive transcutaneous ultrasound: an in vivo canine study.
undifferentiated somatoform disorder
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BDI (3 times)
MHNPs (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2008 Fluoxetine versus sertraline in the treatment of patients with undifferentiated somatoform disorder: a randomized, open-label, 12-week, parallel-group trial.
10  Unilateral sinus disease
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
CRS (2 times)
ODS (2 times)
2015 Diagnostic algorithm for unilateral sinus disease: a 15-year retrospective review.
11  unexplained sudden death
(4 times)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
1991 Clinical and pathologic studies on contraction band lesion: relation to acute myocardial infarction and unexplained sudden death.
12  Utrecht Symptom Diary
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
DMs (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
2014 Symptoms from treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib: a multicenter explorative cohort study to explore the influence of patient-reported outcomes on therapy decisions.
13  ultrasound-based dosimetry
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
iRUF (2 times)
CTD (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2008 Comparison between real-time intra-operative ultrasound-based dosimetry and CT-based dosimetry for prostate brachytherapy using cesium-131.
14  ultrasonographical device
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GS (2 times)
HBE (1 time)
1987 [Early pregnancy diagnosis by the ultrasonographical device and observation of fatal growth in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis)].
15  ultrasound densitometry
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
BUA (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
1996 [Bone mineral density of the calcanei dissected from 30 cadavers--correlation of the values measured by the DXA, QCT and USD methods].
16  University of South Dakota
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ATDP (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
SADP (1 time)
2004 Health professional student attitudes towards people with disability.
17  U-series disequilibrium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Release of uranium from rock matrix--a record of glacial meltwater intrusions?
18  ultra scale-down system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HTPC (1 time)
HTPD (1 time)
2015 High throughput screening of particle conditioning operations: I. System design and method development.
19  ultralow sodium dialysate
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
NSD (1 time)
1994 Fluid and solute transport in CAPD patients using ultralow sodium dialysate.
20  ultrasensitive Doppler
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
TV (1 time)
US (1 time)
2018 Testicular ultrasensitive Doppler preliminary experience: a feasibility study.
21  ultrasmall doses
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ULC (1 time)
2005 [Effectiveness of ultrasmall doses of endogenous bioregulators and immunoactive compounds].
22  ultrasonic dopplerography
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BFV (1 time)
TCD (1 time)
2001 [Transcranial dopplerography in chronic disorders of cerebral circulation].
23  ultrasonic spray deposition
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HWCVD (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2012 Low-temperature ozone exposure technique to modulate the stoichiometry of WOx nanorods and optimize the electrochromic performance.
24  ultrasonic spray drying
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PDLLA (1 time)
2008 Fabrication of terazocin-loaded poly(D,L-lactide) microspheres by an ultrasonic spray drying method and their release behaviors.
25  ultrasonic SSD measurement device
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2005 An ultrasonic device for source to skin surface distance measurement in patient setup.
26  ultrasonic-assisted acid pseudodigestion
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2007 Ultrasound-assisted pseudodigestion for toxic metals determination in fish muscles followed by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrophotometry: multivariate strategy.
27  ultrasonic-assisted drying
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PLSR (1 time)
USVD (1 time)
VD (1 time)
2020 Novel ultrasonic-assisted vacuum drying technique for dehydrating garlic slices and predicting the quality properties by low field nuclear magnetic resonance.
28  ultrasonically disintegrated
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
beta-PEA (1 time)
MAO (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1983 Monoamine oxidase activity in brain microvessels determined using natural and artificial substrates: relevance to the blood-brain barrier.
29  ultrasound device
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2020 Clinical and Radiographic Gingival Thickness Assessment at Mandibular Incisors: an Ex Vivo Study.
30  ultrasound diagnosis
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [A comparison of 2 diagnostic methods in women with long-term sterility].
31  ultrasound digestion
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
MWCNT (1 time)
2013 Separation and flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of total chromium and chromium (III) in phosphate rock used for production of fertilizer.
32  ultrasound Doppler sonography
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DSA (1 time)
1986 Diagnostics of extra-cranial carotid stenoses. Comparison of CW-Doppler sonography and intravenous digital subtraction angiography.
33  Ultrasound duplex scanning
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Monitoring of the state of the proximal portion of thrombus in conservative treatment of patients with varicothrombophlebitis].
34  ultrasound-based seed localization
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
RUF (1 time)
2011 Dynamic intraoperative dosimetry for prostate brachytherapy using a nonisocentric C-arm.
35  ultrasound-guided drainage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DNAs (1 time)
LOHS (1 time)
2013 Surgical vs ultrasound-guided drainage of deep neck space abscesses: a randomized controlled trial: surgical vs ultrasound drainage.
36  Unambiguous state discrimination
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
QKD (1 time)
2018 Relativistic quantum key distribution system with one-way quantum communication.
37  uncontrolled sedentary diabetic
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CSD (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
UTD (1 time)
2003 Prevention of ischemic heart failure by exercise in spontaneously diabetic BB Wor rats subjected to insulin withdrawal.
38  uncontrolled systemic disease
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2017 Patients with Long-Term Control of Systemic Disease Are a Favorable Prognostic Group for Treatment of Brain Metastases with Stereotactic Radiosurgery Alone.
39  undifferentiated salivary gland disease
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
DILS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1992 Spectrum of salivary gland disease in HIV-infected patients: characterization with Ga-67 citrate imaging.
40  unidirectional switch designs
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
DSDs (1 time)
SWDs (1 time)
2018 Statistical methods for unidirectional switch designs: Past, present, and future.
41  unilateral SD
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
BSD (1 time)
LOA (1 time)
2007 Comparing mechanical fetal response during descent, crowning, and restitution among deliveries with and without shoulder dystocia.
42  unilateral sensory deafferentation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
2019 Mitotic activity, modulation of DNA processing, and purinergic signalling in the adult rat auditory brainstem following sensory deafferentation.
43  unilateral sinonasal disease
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2018 [Unilateral sinonasal disease in 376 adult patients: a retrospective study].
44  United States currency
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ATMs (1 time)
INR (1 time)
NIRT (1 time)
2016 Recognition of Banknote Fitness Based on a Fuzzy System Using Visible Light Reflection and Near-infrared Light Transmission Images.
45  universal sequence-dependent
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
2013 Current methods for fluorescence-based universal sequence-dependent detection of nucleic acids in homogenous assays and clinical applications.
46  universal Staphylococcal decolonization
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2019 Universal staphylococcal decolonization for elective surgeries: The patient perspective.
47  universal suture device
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Circular intestinal and esophageal suture with universal suture device (experimental trial)].
48  University of San Diego
(1 time)
Family Practice
(1 time)
UCSD (1 time)
2015 Training for teamwork: A case study.
49  Unrecognized SD
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
ISD (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
1995 Spatial disorientation-implicated accidents in Canadian forces, 1982-92.
50  unscheduled DNA analysis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BCC (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
XPV (1 time)
1999 Cancer protection in xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XP-V).
51  Unscheduled DNA synthesis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DEN (1 time)
1992 The effect of caffeine on diethylnitrosamine-initiated hepatic altered foci in a mid-term induction system.
52  unsigned deviation scores
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Effect of geometrical structure on perception of the vertical in the Rod-and-Frame Test.
53  unspecified dementia
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
APOE (1 time)
FTD (1 time)
VaD (1 time)
1999 Inheritance of the ApoE epsilon4 allele increases the rate of brain atrophy in dementia patients.
54  until discharge were
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2019 Impact of Body Mass Index of Japanese Gallbladder Cancer Patients on their Postoperative Outcomes.
55  untranslated region-specified discrimination
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
PR1 (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2011 Molecular characterization and genomic mapping of the pathogenesis-related protein 1 (PR-1) gene family in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
56  untreated by shared
(1 time)
Multiple Sclerosis
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DMT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2019 To treat or not to treat: Sequential individualized treatment evaluation in relapsing multiple sclerosis.
57  upside-down
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Use of the upside-down method to prepare porous polymer films with tunable surface pore sizes.
58  urea cycle disorder
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CPS1 (1 time)
WES (1 time)
2017 Novel Pathogenic Variant (c.580C>T) in the CPS1 Gene in a Newborn With Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase 1 Deficiency Identified by Whole Exome Sequencing.
59  ureteral stone disease
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DRD (1 time)
HU (1 time)
UHCT (1 time)
2008 Decreased renal parenchymal density on unenhanced helical computed tomography for diagnosis of ureteral stone disease in emergent patients with acute flank pain.
60  Urethral sphincter deficiency
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Opening vesical pressure: a new test to discriminate urethral sphincter deficiency?
61  urethral sphincter dysfunction
(1 time)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
BoNT-A (1 time)
2019 The Therapeutic Effects and Pathophysiology of Botulinum Toxin A on Voiding Dysfunction Due to Urethral Sphincter Dysfunction.
62  urologic stone disease
(1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
RSS (1 time)
2019 Utilizing da Vinci surgical system to treat challenging urinary stones.
63  used sheep dip
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
2003 Biodegradation of the synthetic pyrethroid cypermethrin in used sheep dip.
64  user-centered design
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2017 Composing only by thought: Novel application of the P300 brain-computer interface.
65  users with sleeping difficulties
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
NUSD (1 time)
NUWSD (1 time)
1995 Insomnia and psychotropic drug consumption.
66  usual single dose
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
SFU (1 time)
UDD (1 time)
2007 Supratherapeutic doses of sulfonylureas in diabetic patients: how much is too much?
67  uterine scar dehiscence
(1 time)
Patient Care
(1 time)
C-section (1 time)
2017 Treatment and repair of uterine scar dehiscence during cesarean section.
68  UTX stabilization domain
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2020 A small UTX stabilization domain of Trr is conserved within mammalian MLL3-4/COMPASS and is sufficient to rescue loss of viability in null animals.