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Abbreviation: VA
Appearance Frequency: 17368 time(s)
Long forms: 620

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
visual acuity
(5407 times)
Ophthalmology
(3605 times)
OCT (485 times)
AMD (383 times)
IOP (373 times)
1976 So-called "central retinal vein occlusion". II. Venous stasis retinopathy.
Veterans Affairs
(4055 times)
Health Services
(435 times)
PTSD (291 times)
CI (234 times)
OR (155 times)
1989 Development of a Veterans Administration occurrence screening program.
vertebral artery
(1460 times)
Neurosurgery
(506 times)
ICA (182 times)
PICA (181 times)
BA (132 times)
1979 Surgical possibilities in the third portion of the vertebral artery (above C2). Anatomical study and report of a case of anastomosis between subclavian artery and vertebral artery at C1-C2 level.
ventricular arrhythmias
(675 times)
Cardiology
(389 times)
ICD (95 times)
VT (92 times)
SCD (68 times)
1977 [Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in regional deficient perfusion].
Veterans Health Administration
(517 times)
Health Services
(82 times)
CI (28 times)
PTSD (20 times)
OR (15 times)
1994 Comparison of postoperative mortality and morbidity in VA and nonfederal hospitals.
Veterans Administration
(497 times)
Health Services
(52 times)
CI (31 times)
PTSD (23 times)
OR (19 times)
1976 Educational training in endoscopy.
vitamin A
(452 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(179 times)
RA (48 times)
VAD (46 times)
RBP (24 times)
1978 [Lipid particles agglutinated in hyperlipidemias with opalescent sera (author's transl)].
venoarterial
(394 times)
Cardiology
(88 times)
ECMO (320 times)
ECLS (24 times)
V-V (17 times)
1975 Extracorporeal perfusion for acute respiratory failure: recent experience with the spiral coil membrane lung.
ventriculoatrial
(372 times)
Cardiology
(206 times)
AV (108 times)
VP (59 times)
AVNRT (42 times)
1973 Follow-up air studies on patients with ventriculo-atrial (V-A) shunts. Reference to the value of polytomography.
10  vascular access
(303 times)
Vascular Diseases
(108 times)
HD (117 times)
AVF (111 times)
AVG (27 times)
1988 [Angiographic study of the complications of vascular access in patients under hemodialysis].
11  verbal autopsy
(243 times)
Public Health
(79 times)
COD (32 times)
CSMF (22 times)
HDSS (18 times)
1992 Childhood deaths in Africa: uses and limitations of verbal autopsies.
12  voluntary activation
(137 times)
Physiology
(55 times)
MVC (64 times)
EMG (17 times)
TMS (13 times)
1999 Bilateral deficit of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation after unilateral ACL tear.
13  valproic acid
(134 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
HDAC (14 times)
HDACi (5 times)
LA (4 times)
1986 The effects of short-chain fatty acids on the neuronal membrane functions of Helix pomatia. I. Electrical properties.
14  alveolar volume
(129 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(64 times)
DLCO (20 times)
TLC (14 times)
Dm (11 times)
1975 Pulmonary diffusing capacity and capillary blood volume in aging dogs.
15  vanillic acid
(125 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
FA (15 times)
pCA (13 times)
CA (11 times)
1984 Vanillic acid, a metabolite of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid in man.
16  ventilation
(116 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(45 times)
VE (20 times)
VT (18 times)
COPD (6 times)
1975 Ventilation during rest and exercise in pregnancy and postpartum.
17  vaccenic acid
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
CLA (33 times)
FA (13 times)
LA (11 times)
2003 Fresh forage and solin supplementation on conjugated linoleic acid levels in plasma and milk.
18  ventral anterior
(68 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
VL (37 times)
MD (15 times)
CL (10 times)
1975 [Reactions of the neurons of the reticular and ventral anterior nuclei of the optic thalamus to afferent stimulation of different modalities].
19  veratryl alcohol
(62 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
LiP (35 times)
MnP (5 times)
GA (3 times)
1990 Oxidation of monomethoxylated aromatic compounds by lignin peroxidase: role of veratryl alcohol in lignin biodegradation.
20  vestibular aqueduct
(56 times)
Otolaryngology
(44 times)
ES (10 times)
CT (8 times)
MD (8 times)
1977 The surgical anatomy of the endolymphatic sac.
21  vinyl acetate
(52 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
EVA (9 times)
AA (5 times)
MA (5 times)
1982 Hepatic content of free sulfhydryl compounds in animals exposed to vinyl acetate.
22  virus-associated
(51 times)
Virology
(19 times)
RNAi (4 times)
Ad (3 times)
Ad2 (3 times)
1976 A new species of virus-coded low molecular weight RNA from cells infected with adenovirus type 2.
23  villous atrophy
(50 times)
Gastroenterology
(36 times)
CD (31 times)
EMA (10 times)
GFD (8 times)
1996 Follow-up of treated coeliac patients: sugar absorption test and intestinal biopsies compared.
24  vessel area
(45 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
LA (21 times)
IVUS (14 times)
PA (6 times)
1992 [The effect of halothane, alfentanil and propofol on blood flow velocity, blood vessel cross section and blood volume flow in the middle cerebral artery].
25  Veterans Affairs Healthcare System
(45 times)
Health Services
(8 times)
CI (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
EBPs (3 times)
1998 Health-related quality of life in patients served by the Department of Veterans Affairs: results from the Veterans Health Study.
26  vertebral
(43 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
ICA (18 times)
BA (12 times)
MCA (8 times)
1990 Successful reconstruction of completely obstructed right CCA in Takayasu's disease: usefulness of rapid sequence scanning method--case report.
27  vasospastic angina
(40 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
ACS (6 times)
CI (5 times)
HR (4 times)
1986 Age-related changes of clinical features and prevalences of coronary risk factors in Japanese patients with vasospastic angina.
28  vancomycin
(37 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
MRSA (11 times)
MIC (5 times)
CTX (4 times)
1993 Effect of polyurethane catheters and bacterial biofilms on the in-vitro activity of antimicrobials against Staphylococcus epidermidis.
29  visual analytics
(36 times)
Medical Informatics
(16 times)
AA (3 times)
CV (3 times)
ROC (3 times)
1996 [Detection of residual ischemia after acute anterior myocardial infarction using Thallium-201 SPECT].
30  volatile anesthetic
(36 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
TIVA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
FGF (3 times)
1987 The effect of volatile anesthetics on the pH dependence of calcium uptake by cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum.
31  vascular age
(35 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CIMT (6 times)
CA (5 times)
CVR (4 times)
1998 Vascularity in human adrenal cortex.
32  visual attention
(34 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
fMRI (4 times)
WM (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2002 Attention-related activity during episodic memory retrieval: a cross-function fMRI study.
33  vesicular-arbuscular
(32 times)
Botany
(22 times)
1.0 Mrad (1 time)
AC (1 time)
CER (1 time)
1977 Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae of Easter lily in the northwestern United States.
34  variant angina
(29 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
CAs (3 times)
ECG (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1982 Effects of calcium antagonists, especially nifedipine, on variant angina, resting angina, and unstable angina.
35  Vernonia amygdalina
(29 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
AST (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
2003 Discovery of water-soluble anticancer agents (edotides) from a vegetable found in Benin City, Nigeria.
36  Vibro-acoustography
(29 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(14 times)
PPB (3 times)
CW (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2005 Chirp imaging vibro-acoustography for removing the ultrasound standing wave artifact.
37  variance
(27 times)
Biology
(12 times)
VR (4 times)
AR (2 times)
CVA (2 times)
1979 Genetic analysis of antibody responsiveness to sheep erythrocytes in crosses between lines of mice selected for high or low antibody synthesis.
38  vertebral augmentation
(26 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
VCFs (7 times)
PMMA (5 times)
OVCFs (4 times)
2006 Percutaneous vertebral augmentation and reconstruction with an intravertebral mesh and morcelized bone graft.
39  vibrational absorption
(26 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
VCD (24 times)
DFT (9 times)
ORD (4 times)
2001 Neural-network analysis of the vibrational spectra of N-acetyl L-alanyl N'-methyl amide conformational states.
40  vertically aligned
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LC (9 times)
LCs (3 times)
CNT (2 times)
2006 Measurement of modulation transfer functions for liquid crystal displays by rectangular waveform analysis.
41  Viscum album
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
sIL-6R (3 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2000 Serum levels of IL-12 and the production of IFN-gamma, IL-2 and IL-4 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in cancer patients treated with Viscum album extract.
42  ventral anterior nucleus
(22 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CL (8 times)
VL (8 times)
MD (6 times)
1966 Cholinergic mechanisms in the caudate nucleus.
43  Virginia
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NC (4 times)
RI (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1982 Geographic variation in Peromyscus leucopus: short-day induced reproductive regression and spontaneous recrudescence.
44  vaginal atrophy
(20 times)
Gynecology
(11 times)
CI (2 times)
FSFI (2 times)
HCPs (2 times)
2007 A study of 17beta-estradiol-regulated genes in the vagina of postmenopausal women with vaginal atrophy.
45  vanillin
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
EMS (3 times)
ENU (3 times)
Abs (2 times)
1988 Effects of Antimutagens on the Teratogenicity of N-Methyl-N'-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine in Mice.
46  visual assessment
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DIA (4 times)
HSI (4 times)
ADIA (2 times)
2003 Visual assessment of procedural results following treatment with Sr-90 beta-radiation for instent restenosis.
47  vascular anomalies
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
VM (3 times)
AVM (2 times)
ISSVA (2 times)
2004 Vascular anomalies in Proteus syndrome.
48  Velvet antler
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SMD (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
1999 Velvet antler polypeptides promoted proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precursors and fracture healing.
49  vacuum aspiration
(15 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
15-M-PG F2alpha (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1978 Alpha-fetoprotein concentration in maternal serum and abortion via VA and PGF2alpha.
50  violuric acid
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
HBT (4 times)
ABTS (3 times)
LMS (2 times)
2004 Laccase-mediator biobleaching applied to a direct yellow dyed paper.
51  ventricular aneurysm
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
CS (3 times)
MI (3 times)
18F-FDG (2 times)
1975 Left ventricular aneurysm. Preoperative hemodynamics, chamber volume, and results of aneurysmectomy.
52  verum acupuncture
(14 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
SA (7 times)
AD (3 times)
HRV (3 times)
2003 [Does acupuncture influence the cardiac autonomic nervous system in patients with minor depression or anxiety disorders?].
53  vertebrate ancient
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AVT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
cVA opsin (1 time)
1997 A novel and ancient vertebrate opsin.
54  vincristine and dactinomycin
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
VAC (5 times)
FFS (4 times)
EFS (3 times)
1988 The Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study-I. A final report.
55  volcanic ash
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
FA (2 times)
LSM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1984 Effect of silica and volcanic ash on the content of lung alveolar and tissue phospholipids.
56  valproate
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CBZ (2 times)
LA (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
1985 Prediction of the plasma concentration time courses of various drugs in humans based on data from rats.
57  vanillyl alcohol
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
PLE (2 times)
2000 Anticonvulsive and free radical scavenging activities of vanillyl alcohol in ferric chloride-induced epileptic seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats.
58  vertical axis
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
VM (7 times)
CS (2 times)
HA (2 times)
1993 Responses of pigeon vestibulocerebellar neurons to optokinetic stimulation. II. The 3-dimensional reference frame of rotation neurons in the flocculus.
59  visual analogue
(12 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
EAI (2 times)
NHP (2 times)
PGWB (2 times)
1988 Stress factors, emotional stress and rheumatoid arthritis disease activity.
60  variational approximation
(11 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
SSB (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
GPE (1 time)
2005 Matter-wave solitons in nonlinear optical lattices.
61  viral abundance
(11 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BA (4 times)
VP (2 times)
BRR (1 time)
2005 Phage bacteriolysis, protistan bacterivory potential, and bacterial production in a freshwater reservoir: coupling with temperature.
62  voluntary activation level
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
MVC (6 times)
ES (2 times)
MVIC (2 times)
2010 Muscle damaging exercise affects isometric force fluctuation as well as intraindividual variability of cognitive function.
63  vascularized area
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
MVL (5 times)
s.c (2 times)
VD (2 times)
1993 The proline analog L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid modifies the neovascularization pattern by inhibiting branching or tortuosity and stimulating spatial expansion in the rat mesentery.
64  ventral aorta
(10 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
DA (5 times)
ACh (3 times)
CMA (3 times)
1984 Peripheral neural input to neurons of the middle cervical ganglion in the cat.
65  vinca alkaloids
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
VCR (3 times)
ITP (2 times)
NVB (2 times)
1985 Vinca alkaloid-induced cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy.
66  Venous aneurysm
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
PE (3 times)
AVF (2 times)
DVT (1 time)
1993 [A case of venous aneurysm].
67  venous angioma
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
AVS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 Venous angioma: follow-up study and therapeutic considerations.
68  Verrucarin A
(9 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
ROS (3 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
2003 Modulation of lipopolysaccharide-induced proinflammatory cytokine production by satratoxins and other macrocyclic trichothecenes in the murine macrophage.
69  vinyl alcohol
(9 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
FA (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1ClEtOH (1 time)
2005 Wood-polyethylene composites using ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer as adhesion promoter.
70  visceral adiposity
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BMI (4 times)
SA (4 times)
AHI (2 times)
2005 One in vitro model for visceral adipose-derived fibroblasts in chronic inflammation.
71  variation
(8 times)
Biology
(5 times)
BKD (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
Fst (1 time)
2000 Lifetime Reproductive Success and Heritability in Nature.
72  vermiform appendix
(8 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
BT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
GALT (1 time)
2004 Development of the vermiform appendix during the fetal period.
73  Veterans
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
AMC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2003 A multi-institutional study of Internet utilization by radiation oncology patients.
74  Veterans Health Affairs
(8 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
CFIR (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2009 HEDIS initiation and engagement quality measures of substance use disorder care: impact of setting and health care specialty.
75  videoangiography
(8 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
ICG (7 times)
DSA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2013 Quantitative analysis of intraoperative indocyanine green video angiography in aneurysm surgery.
76  villous adenoma
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
TA (5 times)
HP (3 times)
TVA (3 times)
1986 Expression of MHC class II products on human colorectal cancer. An immunohistological and flow cytometric study.
77  Virtual anthropology
(8 times)
Anthropology
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1999 Virtual anthropology (VA): methodological aspects of linear and volume measurements--first results.
78  visual axis
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CAT (1 time)
FLACS (1 time)
HP (1 time)
1987 Tryptophan Raman/457.9-nm-excited fluorescence of intact guinea pig lenses in aging and ultraviolet light.
79  visual-auditory
(8 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
AV (7 times)
AA (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
1979 Spatial localization under conflict conditions: is there a single explanation?
80  volatile acidity
(8 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
RDF (2 times)
AAB (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2005 Improving acidogenic performance in anaerobic degradation of solid organic waste using a rotational drum fermentation system.
81  volume assist
(8 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
FA (6 times)
PAV (4 times)
PSV (3 times)
1998 Short-term effects of nasal proportional assist ventilation in patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency.
82  trans-vaccenic acid
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CLA (7 times)
ALA (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2003 Effectiveness of short-term feeding strategies for altering conjugated linoleic acid content of beef.
83  veratric acid
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2000 On the metabolism of the amphetamine-derived antispasmodic drug mebeverine: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry studies on rat liver microsomes and on human urine.
84  vertical activity
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HA (4 times)
MT (4 times)
MGT (3 times)
1994 Effects of age on open-field behavior of male rats.
85  Veterans Administration Hospital
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACGME (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CASS (1 time)
1985 The coronary artery surgery study (CASS)--a randomized trial and a registry.
86  virtual angioscopy
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
MDCTA (3 times)
MPR (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
2006 MDCT and virtual angioscopy in spontaneous aortocaval fistula.
87  vision acuity
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AQP4-IgG (1 time)
CFT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2006 External approach microsurgery of retinal dialysis.
88  V-type H+-ATPase
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
NKA (6 times)
FW (4 times)
BW (2 times)
2010 The physiological response of larval Chironomus riparius (Meigen) to abrupt brackish water exposure.
89  valve area
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
Ao (1 time)
CO (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
90  Vazirani-Akinosi
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GG (4 times)
CIANB (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2016 Comparative evaluation of effect of preoperative alprazolam and diclofenac potassium on the success of inferior alveolar, Vazirani-Akinosi, and Gow-Gates techniques for teeth with irreversible pulpitis: Randomized controlled trial.
91  ventilator-associated
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
BAL (3 times)
PSB (3 times)
BI (1 time)
1989 Nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving continuous mechanical ventilation. Prospective analysis of 52 episodes with use of a protected specimen brush and quantitative culture techniques.
92  ventricular activity
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AA (4 times)
ECG (3 times)
ABS (2 times)
2004 Atrial activity extraction for atrial fibrillation analysis using blind source separation.
93  verbal abuse
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 Hospital staff responses to workplace violence in a psychiatric hospital in Taiwan.
94  versicolorin A
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
VHA (3 times)
VOAc (3 times)
AFB1 (2 times)
1980 Hepatocarcinogenicity of sterigmatocystin and versicolorin A to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) embryos.
95  veterinary antibiotic
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AD (1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 Quantitative Campylobacter spp., antibiotic resistance genes, and veterinary antibiotics in surface and ground water following manure application: Influence of tile drainage control.
96  virtual arm
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PD (2 times)
PN (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
2008 Model-based sensorimotor integration for multi-joint control: development of a virtual arm model.
97  voluntary muscle activation
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BFR (2 times)
BFM (1 time)
CL-LEG (1 time)
2002 Impaired ability of voluntary quadriceps activation bilaterally interferes with function testing after knee injuries. A twitch interpolation study.
98  VA group
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
TU (4 times)
PICA (2 times)
Ascl2 (1 time)
1996 Promoting effect of large amounts of vitamin A on cell proliferation of thyroid proliferative lesions induced by simultaneous treatment with thiourea.
99  valgus angle
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
TKA (3 times)
FTA (2 times)
KSF (2 times)
2011 Hip abductor muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty with short stems.
100  value-added
(5 times)
Oncology Nursing
(1 time)
NVA (2 times)
LCC (1 time)
2016 Maximizing efficiency on trauma surgeon rounds.