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Abbreviation: VA
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Long forms: 552

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
visual acuity
(4137 times)
Ophthalmology
(2983 times)
OCT (385 times)
AMD (339 times)
IOP (279 times)
1976 So-called "central retinal vein occlusion". II. Venous stasis retinopathy.
Veterans Affairs
(3287 times)
Health Services
(370 times)
PTSD (240 times)
CI (190 times)
OR (129 times)
1989 Development of a Veterans Administration occurrence screening program.
vertebral artery
(1194 times)
Neurosurgery
(436 times)
PICA (161 times)
ICA (140 times)
BA (110 times)
1979 Surgical possibilities in the third portion of the vertebral artery (above C2). Anatomical study and report of a case of anastomosis between subclavian artery and vertebral artery at C1-C2 level.
Veterans Administration
(461 times)
Health Services
(52 times)
CI (28 times)
PTSD (19 times)
OR (18 times)
1976 Educational training in endoscopy.
ventricular arrhythmia
(452 times)
Cardiology
(279 times)
VT (67 times)
ICD (59 times)
SCD (38 times)
1977 [Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in regional deficient perfusion].
Veterans Health Administration
(373 times)
Health Services
(66 times)
CI (19 times)
PTSD (18 times)
OR (12 times)
1994 Comparison of postoperative mortality and morbidity in VA and nonfederal hospitals.
vitamin A
(366 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(153 times)
RA (39 times)
VAD (31 times)
RBP (24 times)
1978 [Lipid particles agglutinated in hyperlipidemias with opalescent sera (author's transl)].
ventriculoatrial
(328 times)
Cardiology
(199 times)
AV (101 times)
VP (49 times)
AVNRT (40 times)
1973 Follow-up air studies on patients with ventriculo-atrial (V-A) shunts. Reference to the value of polytomography.
venoarterial
(248 times)
General Surgery
(56 times)
ECMO (191 times)
ECLS (16 times)
CDH (10 times)
1975 Extracorporeal perfusion for acute respiratory failure: recent experience with the spiral coil membrane lung.
10  vascular access
(245 times)
Nephrology
(97 times)
HD (95 times)
AVF (89 times)
ESRD (21 times)
1988 [Angiographic study of the complications of vascular access in patients under hemodialysis].
11  verbal autopsy
(203 times)
Public Health
(73 times)
COD (23 times)
CSMF (18 times)
HDSS (17 times)
1992 Childhood deaths in Africa: uses and limitations of verbal autopsies.
12  valproic acid
(115 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
HDAC (14 times)
HDACi (5 times)
PTZ (4 times)
1986 The effects of short-chain fatty acids on the neuronal membrane functions of Helix pomatia. I. Electrical properties.
13  ventilation
(109 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(44 times)
VE (18 times)
VT (17 times)
CBD (4 times)
1975 Ventilation during rest and exercise in pregnancy and postpartum.
14  alveolar volume
(108 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(56 times)
DLCO (17 times)
TLC (14 times)
CO (10 times)
1975 Pulmonary diffusing capacity and capillary blood volume in aging dogs.
15  voluntary activation
(103 times)
Physiology
(45 times)
MVC (50 times)
EMG (13 times)
TMS (11 times)
1999 Bilateral deficit of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation after unilateral ACL tear.
16  vanillic acid
(77 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
FA (9 times)
CA (8 times)
SA (8 times)
1984 Vanillic acid, a metabolite of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid in man.
17  ventral anterior
(66 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
VL (35 times)
MD (15 times)
CL (10 times)
1975 [Reactions of the neurons of the reticular and ventral anterior nuclei of the optic thalamus to afferent stimulation of different modalities].
18  vaccenic acid
(65 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
CLA (31 times)
FA (11 times)
LA (11 times)
2003 Fresh forage and solin supplementation on conjugated linoleic acid levels in plasma and milk.
19  veratryl alcohol
(58 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
LiP (34 times)
MnP (5 times)
LiPII (3 times)
1990 Oxidation of monomethoxylated aromatic compounds by lignin peroxidase: role of veratryl alcohol in lignin biodegradation.
20  virus-associated
(51 times)
Virology
(19 times)
RNAi (4 times)
Ad (3 times)
Ad2 (3 times)
1976 A new species of virus-coded low molecular weight RNA from cells infected with adenovirus type 2.
21  vestibular aqueduct
(47 times)
Otolaryngology
(39 times)
ES (9 times)
CT (7 times)
SNHL (6 times)
1977 The surgical anatomy of the endolymphatic sac.
22  vinyl acetate
(47 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
EVA (9 times)
AA (5 times)
MA (5 times)
1982 Hepatic content of free sulfhydryl compounds in animals exposed to vinyl acetate.
23  vessel area
(38 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
LA (20 times)
IVUS (14 times)
PA (6 times)
1992 [The effect of halothane, alfentanil and propofol on blood flow velocity, blood vessel cross section and blood volume flow in the middle cerebral artery].
24  villous atrophy
(38 times)
Gastroenterology
(26 times)
CD (23 times)
EMA (9 times)
AGA (3 times)
1996 Follow-up of treated coeliac patients: sugar absorption test and intestinal biopsies compared.
25  Veterans Affairs Healthcare System
(36 times)
Health Services
(8 times)
CI (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
FY (3 times)
1998 Health-related quality of life in patients served by the Department of Veterans Affairs: results from the Veterans Health Study.
26  vertebral
(35 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ICA (12 times)
BA (10 times)
MCA (8 times)
1990 Successful reconstruction of completely obstructed right CCA in Takayasu's disease: usefulness of rapid sequence scanning method--case report.
27  vancomycin
(31 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
MRSA (8 times)
CTX (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
1993 Effect of polyurethane catheters and bacterial biofilms on the in-vitro activity of antimicrobials against Staphylococcus epidermidis.
28  visual attention
(30 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
fMRI (4 times)
WM (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2003 Attention-related activity during episodic memory retrieval: a cross-function fMRI study.
29  vasospastic angina
(29 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
1986 Age-related changes of clinical features and prevalences of coronary risk factors in Japanese patients with vasospastic angina.
30  variant angina
(27 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
CAs (3 times)
UA (3 times)
CAG (2 times)
1982 Effects of calcium antagonists, especially nifedipine, on variant angina, resting angina, and unstable angina.
31  Vibro-acoustography
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
PPB (3 times)
CW (2 times)
CBS (1 time)
2005 Chirp imaging vibro-acoustography for removing the ultrasound standing wave artifact.
32  vibrational absorption
(26 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
VCD (24 times)
DFT (9 times)
ORD (4 times)
2001 Neural-network analysis of the vibrational spectra of N-acetyl L-alanyl N'-methyl amide conformational states.
33  visual analytics
(26 times)
Computer Graphics
(12 times)
ADC-Q (1 time)
AT (1 time)
BE (1 time)
1996 [Detection of residual ischemia after acute anterior myocardial infarction using Thallium-201 SPECT].
34  Vernonia amygdalina
(24 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
ACE (2 times)
LPO (2 times)
P-gp (2 times)
2003 Discovery of water-soluble anticancer agents (edotides) from a vegetable found in Benin City, Nigeria.
35  volatile anesthetic
(24 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
FGF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1987 The effect of volatile anesthetics on the pH dependence of calcium uptake by cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum.
36  vascular age
(23 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
VEGF (4 times)
CA (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1998 Vascularity in human adrenal cortex.
37  variance
(22 times)
Biology
(11 times)
VR (4 times)
VD (2 times)
AG (1 time)
1979 Genetic analysis of antibody responsiveness to sheep erythrocytes in crosses between lines of mice selected for high or low antibody synthesis.
38  ventral anterior nucleus
(22 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CL (8 times)
VL (8 times)
MD (6 times)
1966 Cholinergic mechanisms in the caudate nucleus.
39  Viscum album
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
sIL-6R (3 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2000 Serum levels of IL-12 and the production of IFN-gamma, IL-2 and IL-4 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in cancer patients treated with Viscum album extract.
40  vertical alignment
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LC (8 times)
LCs (3 times)
IPS (2 times)
2005 Measurement of modulation transfer functions for liquid crystal displays by rectangular waveform analysis.
41  Virginia
(17 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
NC (3 times)
FL (2 times)
KY (2 times)
1982 Geographic variation in Peromyscus leucopus: short-day induced reproductive regression and spontaneous recrudescence.
42  vaginal atrophy
(15 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
LET (2 times)
MBS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2007 A study of 17beta-estradiol-regulated genes in the vagina of postmenopausal women with vaginal atrophy.
43  vertebral augmentation
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
VCFs (5 times)
PMMA (4 times)
MCFs (2 times)
2005 Percutaneous vertebral augmentation and reconstruction with an intravertebral mesh and morcelized bone graft.
44  violuric acid
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
HBT (4 times)
ABTS (3 times)
LMS (2 times)
2004 Laccase-mediator biobleaching applied to a direct yellow dyed paper.
45  vacuum aspiration
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
15-M-PG F2alpha (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1978 Alpha-fetoprotein concentration in maternal serum and abortion via VA and PGF2alpha.
46  voltage
(14 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
fRA (6 times)
Rt (6 times)
VT (6 times)
1984 Effect of chronic hyperaldosteronism on the electrophysiology of rat distal colon.
47  velvet antler
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ALP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AP cells (1 time)
1999 Velvet antler polypeptides promoted proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precursors and fracture healing.
48  vertebrate ancient
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AVT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
cVA opsin (1 time)
1997 A novel and ancient vertebrate opsin.
49  vesicular-arbuscular
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CER (1 time)
CHI (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1977 Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae of Easter lily in the northwestern United States.
50  vanillin
(12 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
EMS (3 times)
ENU (3 times)
Abs (2 times)
1988 Effects of Antimutagens on the Teratogenicity of N-Methyl-N'-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine in Mice.
51  verum acupuncture
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
SA (6 times)
HRV (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2003 [Does acupuncture influence the cardiac autonomic nervous system in patients with minor depression or anxiety disorders?].
52  visual analogue
(12 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
EAI (2 times)
NHP (2 times)
PGWB (2 times)
1988 Stress factors, emotional stress and rheumatoid arthritis disease activity.
53  valproate
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CBZ (2 times)
LA (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
1985 Prediction of the plasma concentration time courses of various drugs in humans based on data from rats.
54  variational approximation
(11 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
SSB (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
GPE (1 time)
2005 Matter-wave solitons in nonlinear optical lattices.
55  vascular anomalies
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
VM (2 times)
AoDil (1 time)
AVM (1 time)
2004 Vascular anomalies in Proteus syndrome.
56  vincristine and dactinomycin
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
VAC (5 times)
FFS (4 times)
RT (3 times)
1988 The Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study-I. A final report.
57  ventral aorta
(10 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
DA (5 times)
ACh (3 times)
CMA (3 times)
1984 Peripheral neural input to neurons of the middle cervical ganglion in the cat.
58  ventricular aneurysm
(10 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CS (2 times)
ECGs (2 times)
EF (2 times)
1975 Left ventricular aneurysm. Preoperative hemodynamics, chamber volume, and results of aneurysmectomy.
59  vertical axis
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
VM (5 times)
CS (2 times)
HA (2 times)
1993 Responses of pigeon vestibulocerebellar neurons to optokinetic stimulation. II. The 3-dimensional reference frame of rotation neurons in the flocculus.
60  vinca alkaloids
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
VCR (3 times)
ITP (2 times)
NVB (2 times)
1985 Vinca alkaloid-induced cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy.
61  visual assessment
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LI (2 times)
ADIA (1 time)
AVDC (1 time)
2002 Visual assessment of procedural results following treatment with Sr-90 beta-radiation for instent restenosis.
62  vascularized area
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
MVL (5 times)
s.c (2 times)
VD (2 times)
1993 The proline analog L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid modifies the neovascularization pattern by inhibiting branching or tortuosity and stimulating spatial expansion in the rat mesentery.
63  venous angioma
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
AVS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 Venous angioma: follow-up study and therapeutic considerations.
64  Verrucarin A
(9 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
ROS (3 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
2003 Modulation of lipopolysaccharide-induced proinflammatory cytokine production by satratoxins and other macrocyclic trichothecenes in the murine macrophage.
65  viral abundance
(9 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BA (4 times)
VP (2 times)
BRR (1 time)
2005 Phage bacteriolysis, protistan bacterivory potential, and bacterial production in a freshwater reservoir: coupling with temperature.
66  volcanic ash
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
XRD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1984 Effect of silica and volcanic ash on the content of lung alveolar and tissue phospholipids.
67  vanillyl alcohol
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
PLE (2 times)
CL (1 time)
2000 Anticonvulsive and free radical scavenging activities of vanillyl alcohol in ferric chloride-induced epileptic seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats.
68  vermiform appendix
(8 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
BT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
GALT (1 time)
2004 Development of the vermiform appendix during the fetal period.
69  villous adenoma
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
TA (5 times)
HP (3 times)
TVA (3 times)
1986 Expression of MHC class II products on human colorectal cancer. An immunohistological and flow cytometric study.
70  visual-auditory
(8 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
AV (7 times)
AA (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
1979 Spatial localization under conflict conditions: is there a single explanation?
71  voluntary activation level
(8 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
MVC (5 times)
CSA (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2010 Muscle damaging exercise affects isometric force fluctuation as well as intraindividual variability of cognitive function.
72  trans-vaccenic acid
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CLA (7 times)
ALA (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2003 Effectiveness of short-term feeding strategies for altering conjugated linoleic acid content of beef.
73  vanillic
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
pCA (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
2002 Peroxidase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activities, phenolic acid contents, and allelochemicals-inhibited root growth of soybean.
74  ventricular activity
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AA (4 times)
Af (3 times)
ECG (3 times)
2003 Automatic beat-to-beat left heart AV normalization: is it possible?
75  vertical activity
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HA (4 times)
MT (4 times)
MGT (3 times)
1994 Effects of age on open-field behavior of male rats.
76  Virtual Anthropology
(7 times)
Anthropology
(4 times)
FEA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1998 Virtual anthropology (VA): methodological aspects of linear and volume measurements--first results.
77  visceral adipose
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BMI (3 times)
SA (3 times)
ROC (2 times)
2005 One in vitro model for visceral adipose-derived fibroblasts in chronic inflammation.
78  volatile acidity
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
RDF (2 times)
BFD (1 time)
BTB (1 time)
2005 Improving acidogenic performance in anaerobic degradation of solid organic waste using a rotational drum fermentation system.
79  volume assist
(7 times)
Critical Care
(4 times)
FA (5 times)
PAV (4 times)
PSV (3 times)
1997 Short-term effects of nasal proportional assist ventilation in patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency.
80  V-type H+-ATPase
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
NKA (6 times)
FW (4 times)
BW (2 times)
2011 The physiological response of larval Chironomus riparius (Meigen) to abrupt brackish water exposure.
81  variation
(6 times)
Biology
(4 times)
BKD (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
Fst (1 time)
2000 Lifetime Reproductive Success and Heritability in Nature.
82  venous aneurysms
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AVF (2 times)
DVT (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1993 [A case of venous aneurysm].
83  ventilator-associated
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
BAL (3 times)
PSB (3 times)
BI (1 time)
1989 Nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving continuous mechanical ventilation. Prospective analysis of 52 episodes with use of a protected specimen brush and quantitative culture techniques.
84  Veterans Health Administration Hospitals
(6 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CASS (1 time)
1985 The coronary artery surgery study (CASS)--a randomized trial and a registry.
85  virtual angioscopy
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
MPR (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2007 MDCT and virtual angioscopy in spontaneous aortocaval fistula.
86  virtual arm
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PD (2 times)
PN (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
2008 Model-based sensorimotor integration for multi-joint control: development of a virtual arm model.
87  vision acuity
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CFT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CSMT (1 time)
2005 External approach microsurgery of retinal dialysis.
88  veratric acid
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
HMG-CoA (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
2000 On the metabolism of the amphetamine-derived antispasmodic drug mebeverine: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry studies on rat liver microsomes and on human urine.
89  verbal ability
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
EF (4 times)
PS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2010 Reading minds: the relation between children's mental state knowledge and their metaknowledge about reading.
90  verbal abuse
(5 times)
Emergencies
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 Hospital staff responses to workplace violence in a psychiatric hospital in Taiwan.
91  versicolorin A
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
VHA (3 times)
VOAc (3 times)
ST (2 times)
1980 Hepatocarcinogenicity of sterigmatocystin and versicolorin A to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) embryos.
92  Veterans Affairs Medical Center
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CHF (1 time)
FFS (1 time)
KC (1 time)
1995 The "VANAC team": establishing a cancer prevention team. VA Nurses Against Cancer.
93  videoangiography
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ICG (5 times)
BBAs (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2013 Quantitative analysis of intraoperative indocyanine green video angiography in aneurysm surgery.
94  vinyl alcohol
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FA (2 times)
1ClEtOH (1 time)
2ClEtOH (1 time)
2006 Wood-polyethylene composites using ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer as adhesion promoter.
95  vocalization after discharge
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
TF (3 times)
TFL (3 times)
CeA (2 times)
1995 Amygdalar involvement in pain.
96  Voluntary muscle activation
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BFM (1 time)
CL-LEG (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
2002 Impaired ability of voluntary quadriceps activation bilaterally interferes with function testing after knee injuries. A twitch interpolation study.
97  valve area
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
Ao (1 time)
CO (1 time)
MAVG (1 time)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
98  variable angle
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
LCP (1 time)
LCPs (1 time)
2016 Head-locking durability of fixed and variable angle locking screws under repetitive loading.
99  Vazirani-Akinosi
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GG (3 times)
CIs (1 time)
IAN (1 time)
2016 Comparative evaluation of effect of preoperative alprazolam and diclofenac potassium on the success of inferior alveolar, Vazirani-Akinosi, and Gow-Gates techniques for teeth with irreversible pulpitis: Randomized controlled trial.
100  venous anastomosis
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
WSS (2 times)
A-a (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2006 Comparison of the hemodynamics in 6mm and 4-7 mm hemodialysis grafts by means of CFD.