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Abbreviation: VAD
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Long forms: 105

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ventricular assist device
(1004 times)
Transplantation
(374 times)
ECMO (65 times)
LVAD (64 times)
HF (37 times)
1982 Left atrial-aortic (LA-Ao) perfusion with a ventricular assist device (VAD).
vitamin A deficiency
(383 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(105 times)
RA (44 times)
VAS (28 times)
RBP (12 times)
1983 Failure of spermatid release under various vitamin A states - an indication of delayed spermiation.
vincristine, adriamycin and dexamethasone
(177 times)
Hematology
(68 times)
MM (59 times)
CR (23 times)
ASCT (18 times)
1985 Acute encephalopathy associated with continuous vincristine sulfate combination therapy: case report.
vertebral artery dissection
(125 times)
Neurology
(56 times)
MRA (15 times)
CAD (13 times)
ICAD (11 times)
1995 Magnetic resonance angiography of spontaneous vertebral artery dissection suspected on Doppler ultrasonography.
vibroacoustic disease
(28 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(17 times)
LPALF (6 times)
LFN (3 times)
BBB (1 time)
1999 The vibroacoustic disease--an emerging pathology.
VA deficiency
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
VA (18 times)
VAS (8 times)
ATRA (3 times)
2009 Retinoic acid is present in the postnatal rat olfactory organ and persists in vitamin A--depleted neural tissue.
voice activity detection
(17 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
SNR (3 times)
ACC (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
2005 SVD-based optimal filtering for noise reduction in dual microphone hearing aids: a real time implementation and perceptual evaluation.
venous access device
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PICC (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
A.S.P.E.N (1 time)
1989 Reestablishing patency in the occluded implanted central venous access device (VAD)--Part 2.
vascular atherosclerotic disease
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
PMN (6 times)
NIDDM (5 times)
DM (2 times)
1990 Erythrocyte individual phospholipids and erythrocyte membrane fluidity in subjects with vascular atherosclerotic disease with and without diabetes mellitus of type 2.
10  vessel area density
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OCTA (5 times)
VSD (5 times)
VCI (4 times)
2012 Hemodynamic and morphological vasculature response to a burn monitored using a combined dual-wavelength laser speckle and optical microangiography imaging system.
11  venoactive drugs
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ICU (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
2005 Veno-active drugs in the management of chronic venous disease. An international consensus statement: current medical position, prospective views and final resolution.
12  virus activated domain
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
DBD (5 times)
IAD (5 times)
IRF5 (4 times)
2010 Characteristics of the interferon regulatory factor pairs zfIRF5/7 and their stimulation expression by ISKNV Infection in zebrafish (Danio rerio).
13  vitamin A-deficient diet
(6 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ATRA (1 time)
BMP6 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1979 Evidence for Leydig cell dysfunction in rats with seminiferous tubule damage.
14  vacuum-assisted delivery
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
OA (2 times)
OT/OP (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2003 Use of a vacuum-assisted device to facilitate abdominal closure.
15  voluntary assisted dying
(5 times)
Hospitals
(2 times)
MOGA (1 time)
2018 Euthanasia and surgeons: an overview of the Victorian Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2017 and its relevance to surgical practice in Australia.
16  Vertebral artery dominance
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BA (3 times)
VAs (2 times)
BAC (1 time)
2012 Vertebral artery dominance, brainstem auditory evoked potential, and vertigo of vascular origin.
17  Video-assisted debriefing
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
OD (1 time)
2014 Attitudes toward Video-Assisted Debriefing after simulation in undergraduate nursing students: an application of Q methodology.
18  vincristine and adriamycin
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ASCT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
VGPR (1 time)
1986 Therapy of primary resistant and relapsed multiple myeloma.
19  vascular area density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FAZ (2 times)
OCTA (2 times)
CDFI (1 time)
2019 Evaluating changes of blood flow in retina, choroid, and outer choroid in rats in response to elevated intraocular pressure by 1300 nm swept-source OCT.
20  Vernonia amygdalina Delile
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AO/PI (2 times)
APL (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Therapeutic Mechanisms of Vernonia amygdalina Delile in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer.
21  vincristine-doxorubicin by continuous infusion with pulse dexamethasone
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
1994 Limited value of myeloablative therapy for late multiple myeloma.
22  visceral adipose dysfunction
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
VAI (2 times)
WC (2 times)
2011 Cut-off points of the visceral adiposity index (VAI) identifying a visceral adipose dysfunction associated with cardiometabolic risk in a Caucasian Sicilian population.
23  valid accelerometry data
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
IAD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
2013 Differences in demographic, behavioral, and biological variables between those with valid and invalid accelerometry data: implications for generalizability.
24  valoneic acid dilactone
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
MEPG (1 time)
XOD (1 time)
2004 Xanthine oxidase inhibitors from the leaves of Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
25  ventilatory afterdischarge
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
1991 Ventilatory afterdischarge in the awake goat.
26  ventricular assist device implantation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
EDVI (1 time)
2014 Beta-blockers Associated with a Mortality Benefit in Patients with Systolic Dysfunction and Elevated Serum Bilirubin.
27  ventricular assist device placement
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
ACHF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Predictors of Thromboembolic Events in Patients with Ventricular Assist Device.
28  veratraldehyde
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LiP (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
DMPP (1 time)
1995 Veratryl alcohol oxidation by lignin peroxidase.
29  vertebral artery diameter
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PW (2 times)
CTAs (1 time)
miPTAs (1 time)
2016 Quantitative analysis of unusual entrance of the vertebral artery into the cervical foramen (V2 segment) and its clinical implications.
30  Villous adenomas of the duodenum
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PPTD (1 time)
1984 Villous adenoma of the duodenum. A clinicopathologic study of five cases.
31  vincristine and adriamycin in combination with 4-day intermittent high-dose dexamethasone
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
--- 1989 VAD chemotherapy for refractory multiple myeloma.
32  vincristine, Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH), and dexamethasone
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HDM (2 times)
B2M (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
1989 Etoposide, dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin in vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone-refractory myeloma.
33  visual acuity difference
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BCVA (2 times)
AOF (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
2017 Correlation between Uncorrected Visual Acuity and Macular Distortion in Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane Patients.
34  vitamin A deprivation
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
RAR (1 time)
1995 Developmental roles of the retinoic acid receptors.
35  VA deprivation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Vitamin A deficiency causes hyperglycemia and loss of pancreatic beta-cell mass.
36  VA dominance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
BL (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2014 Basilar artery bending length, vascular risk factors, and pontine infarction.
37  Vacor adenine dinucleotide
(1 time)
NAD (1 time)
NAMPT (1 time)
NMNATs (1 time)
2018 Identification of the Nicotinamide Salvage Pathway as a New Toxification Route for Antimetabolites.
38  vacuum-assisted decellularization
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2017 Vacuum-assisted decellularization: an accelerated protocol to generate tissue-engineered human tracheal scaffolds.
39  VAD group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
BAEP (1 time)
VAs (1 time)
2012 Vertebral artery dominance, brainstem auditory evoked potential, and vertigo of vascular origin.
40  VAD implantation
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ECMO (2 times)
ECC (1 time)
LCO (1 time)
2007 Primary extracorporeal membrane oxygenation versus primary ventricular assist device implantation in low cardiac output syndrome following cardiac operation.
41  VAD patients
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
NAbs (1 time)
PGD (1 time)
2017 Ventricular assist device elicits serum natural IgG that correlates with the development of primary graft dysfunction following heart transplantation.
42  vaginal deliveries
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2018 Outcomes of vacuum-assisted vaginal deliveries of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus.
43  valence, arousal, and dominance
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2015 Towards a constructionist approach to emotions: verification of the three-dimensional model of affect with EEG-independent component analysis.
44  validation dataset
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DXA (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
TED (1 time)
2013 A multivariate model for predicting segmental body composition.
45  Valsalva Assist Device
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
bpm (1 time)
SVT (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2019 Testing of a novel Valsalva Assist Device with supine and modified positions in healthy volunteers.
46  Vanillic acid decarboxylase
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2016 Extraction, partial purification and characterisation of vanillic acid decarboxylase from Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris DSM 3923.
47  vapor phase axial deposition
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Transmission characteristics of VAD multimode optical fibers.
48  variant amyloid deposits
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
PSEN1 (1 time)
2015 Association between variant amyloid deposits and motor deficits in FAD-associated presenilin-1 mutations: A systematic review.
49  vascular access dysfunction
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2015 Treatment of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency with ergocalciferol is associated with reduced vascular access dysfunction in chronic hemodialysis patients.
50  vascular density
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
GLM (1 time)
2014 Regional variations in vascular density correlate with resting-state and task-evoked blood oxygen level-dependent signal amplitude.
51  vascular-type dementia
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
NP (1 time)
TDD (1 time)
1997 Tone duration discrimination in demented, memory-impaired, and healthy elderly.
52  vaso-autonomic dystonia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Autonomic vascular asthenia as a component of the psycho- autonomic syndrome in slowly progressing schizophrenia and cyclothymic disorder in young patients].
53  vasoactive drugs within the surgery procedure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IPF (1 time)
IT (1 time)
PRC (1 time)
2007 Initial poor function in the age of old donors: prognostic factors.
54  VCR, and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DXR (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
MM (1 time)
1994 Clinical modulation of multidrug resistance in multiple myeloma: effect of cyclosporine on resistant tumor cells.
55  Velvet antler of deer
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
2012 The Effects of Velvet Antler of Deer on Cardiac Functions of Rats with Heart Failure following Myocardial Infarction.
56  ventilatory after-discharge mechanism
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
NREM (1 time)
VE (1 time)
1993 Ventilatory pattern after hypoxic stimulation during wakefulness and NREM sleep.
57  ventilatory assistance device
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 A ventilatory assistance device for use with Technegas.
58  ventricular arrhythmia discriminators
(1 time)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
CRT-D (1 time)
2007 Ventricular arrhythmia discriminator programming and the impact on the incidence of inappropriate therapy in patients with implantable cardiac defibrillators.
59  ventricular assist device support
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Improved Survival While Waiting and Risk Factors for Death in Pediatric Patients Listed for Cardiac Transplantation.
60  ventricular assist devices Berlin Heart
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
1998 Circulatory support with pneumatic paracorporeal ventricular assist device in infants and children.
61  ventricular support assist device
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 A qualitative study of the psychological experience of patients during and after mechanical cardiac support.
62  ventriculo-arterial discordance
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DKS (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
TCPC (1 time)
2011 Efficacy of Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure in patients with univentricular heart associated with ventriculo-arterial discordance and excessive pulmonary blood flow.
63  ventriculo-atrial derivation
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Cardiac tamponade as a complication of ventriculo atrial shunt].
64  Vertebral arterial disease
(1 time)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2014 Treatment of proximal vertebral artery disease.
65  Vertebral artery dolicoectasia
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Vertebral artery dolicoectasia with brainstem compression: role of microvascular decompression in relieving pyramidal weakness.
66  vertebral body
(1 time)
Neuroradiography
(1 time)
AVS (1 time)
BA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2015 Anatomical features of the vertebral artery for transbrachial direct cannulation of a guiding catheter to perform coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms in the posterior cerebral circulation.
67  vestibular aqueduct dehiscence
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
HJB (1 time)
PSCD (1 time)
2012 Audiological signs in pediatric cases with dehiscence of the bony labyrinth caused by a high jugular bulb.
68  viable acrosome damaged
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IMB (1 time)
NVAD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2016 Sperm DNA integrity in frozen-thawed semen from Italian Mediterranean Buffalo bulls and its relationship to in vivo fertility.
69  vibro-acoustic Doppler
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Velocity measurement by vibro-acoustic Doppler.
70  video assisted debridement
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IPN (1 time)
MID (1 time)
2016 Step-up mini-invasive surgery for infected pancreatic necrosis: Results from prospective cohort study.
71  vimentin, actin and desmin
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
VA (1 time)
VD (1 time)
1998 Myofibroblastoma of breast--an appraisal of cytoskeletal phenotypes.
72  vincristin, adriamycin and dexamethasone combination therapy
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Establishment of a CD45-positive immature plasma cell line from an aggressive multiple myeloma with high serum lactate dehydrogenase.
73  vincristine and adriamycin infusion therapy with oral dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1987 VAD chemotherapy--toxicity and efficacy--in patients with multiple myeloma and other lymphoid malignancies.
74  vincristine and conventional doxorubicin with oral dexamethasone
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DNX (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2004 Role of liposomal anthracyclines in the treatment of multiple myeloma.
75  vincristine and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
2005 [Preliminary report of fludarabine, mitoxantrone and dexamethasone in treating refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma].
76  vincristine and doxorubicin combined with dexamethasone
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
auto-SCT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
HD-MEL (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of the feasibility and efficacy of autologous stem cell transplantation in elderly patients with multiple myeloma.
77  vincristine and doxorubicin plus intermittent high-dose dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1987 VAD protocol for treatment of advanced refractory multiple myeloma.
78  vincristine combined with adriamycin and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Bortezomib-based combination therapy for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma].
79  vincristine, actinomycin D, and doxorubicin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
NWTS (1 time)
2008 Treatment of Wilms tumor relapsing after initial treatment with vincristine, actinomycin D, and doxorubicin. A report from the National Wilms Tumor Study Group.
80  vincristine, doxorubicin ('Adriamycin'), and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1989 Infusion of vincristine and doxorubicin with oral dexamethasone as first-line therapy for multiple myeloma.
81  vincristine, doxorubicin and prednisone
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Conventional chemotherapy in multiple myeloma.
82  vincristine-doxorubicin hydrochloride-thalidomide
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MP (1 time)
2012 Upfront Therapy for Myeloma: Tailoring Therapy across the Disease Spectrum.
83  vincristine-doxorubicin with bolus of dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CHEP (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
NHL (1 time)
2001 Continuous infusion of vincristine-doxorubicin with bolus of dexamethasone(VAD) alternated with CHEP in the treatment of patients over 60 years old with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
84  Vinorebine+Pirarubicin+ Dexamethasone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
VD (2 times)
EBMT (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2010 [Effect of Velcade combined with Dexamethasone on multiple myeloma].
85  vintristine-adriamycin-dexamethasone combination chemotherapy
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Potential value of vintristine-adriamycin-dexamethasone combination chemotherapy (VAD) in refractory and rapidly progressive myeloma.
86  Viral associated diarrhea
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2017 Viral associated diarrhea in immunocompromised and cancer patients at a large comprehensive cancer center: a 10-year retrospective study.
87  virus adjusting diluent
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BBS (1 time)
CPV (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1986 An improved hemagglutination test for study of canine parvovirus.
88  virus of the Aujeszky disease
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
RN-ases (1 time)
1981 [Comparative study of the antiviral activity of pancreatic and microbial RNAse].
89  visceral artery disease
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
2011 Contribution of deletion in angiotensin-converting enzyme but not A1166C angiotensin II type-1 receptor gene polymorphisms to clinical outcomes in atherothrombotic disease.
90  visceroabdominal disproportion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 Selective management of gastroschisis according to the degree of visceroabdominal disproportion.
91  visual acuity decline
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Juvenile retinoschisis and macular hole: a case report].
92  visual acuity into the distance
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1996 [Visual tests and their score for selection of candidates to higher aviation schools].
93  visual analogue scales with descriptors
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
LRS (1 time)
SCL (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2002 A comparison of three different scales for rating contact lens handling.
94  vitamin A depletion
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPYSL2 (1 time)
MAPK1 (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2011 Proteome alterations of cortex and hippocampus tissues in mice subjected to vitamin A depletion.
95  vitamin A-deficient group
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
VADS (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2010 Deficiency of vitamin A delays bone healing process in association with reduced BMP2 expression after drill-hole injury in mice.
96  vitamin A-depleted
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
1997 Temporally-regulated retinoic acid depletion produces specific neural crest, ocular and nervous system defects.
97  vocal affect display
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
VAD-R (1 time)
2017 Mental status assessment of disaster relief personnel by vocal affect display based on voice emotion recognition.
98  vocalization after discharge
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
NAL (1 time)
SIA (1 time)
1993 A developmental study on stress-induced antinociception measured by the tail electric stimulation test.
99  volume of administered diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GIC (1 time)
MEV (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2014 [The metoclopramide effect on enteral nutrition tolerance and mechanical ventilation associated pneumonia in neuro critically ill patients].
100  volumetric ablation density
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
BPL (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2012 Angular effect of optical fiber movement on endoscopic laser prostatectomy.