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Abbreviation: VB
Appearance Frequency: 1340 time(s)
Long forms: 202

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
valence band
(212 times)
Chemistry
(151 times)
CB (44 times)
BLW (18 times)
MO (15 times)
1999 Valence Bond Diagrams and Chemical Reactivity.
ventrobasal
(131 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
TC (11 times)
Po (9 times)
Rt (7 times)
1977 Reactive alterations in non-neuronal elements of the degenerating ventrobasal complex of immature and mature rats. An electron microscopic study.
vertebral body
(113 times)
Neurosurgery
(54 times)
VAS (13 times)
PMMA (8 times)
CT (6 times)
1994 Relative contribution of vertebral body and posterior arch in female and male lumbar spine peak bone mass.
ventrobasal complex
(95 times)
Neurology
(57 times)
PO (8 times)
RT (8 times)
RTN (8 times)
1971 Spontaneous and evoked activity of neurones in the somatosensory thalamus of the waking cat.
variational Bayes
(61 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(18 times)
MCMC (7 times)
GLM (5 times)
fMRI (3 times)
2002 Bayesian model search for mixture models based on optimizing variational bounds.
virtual bronchoscopy
(60 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(24 times)
CT (11 times)
MDCT (11 times)
FB (7 times)
1996 Virtual bronchoscopy: segmentation method for real-time display.
vertebrobasilar
(42 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
ICA (7 times)
BA (5 times)
TIA (5 times)
1986 Basilar and distal vertebral artery stenosis: long-term follow-up.
vinblastine
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
IFN (4 times)
VC (3 times)
CB (2 times)
1970 Suppression of cell-mediated immunity to infection by an antimitotic drug. Further evidence that migrant macrophages express immunity.
variceal bleeding
(31 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
TIPS (7 times)
HE (4 times)
MELD (4 times)
1989 [Somatostatin in the emergency treatment of upper digestive hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension].
10  vaginal brachytherapy
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
EBRT (11 times)
RT (8 times)
FIGO (4 times)
1999 Surgery and postoperative radiation therapy in stage II endometrial carcinoma.
11  ventrobasal thalamus
(23 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
GAERS (4 times)
nRt (4 times)
CO (2 times)
1979 Organization of trigeminothalamic tracts and other thalamic afferent systems of the brainstem in the rat: presence of gelatinosa neurons with thalamic connections.
12  verbascoside
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ROS (3 times)
IVM (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
2007 Molecular mechanisms underlying wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties of naturally occurring biotechnologically produced phenylpropanoid glycosides.
13  vaginal birth
(18 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
CS (11 times)
CD (5 times)
ASC (3 times)
2002 Frequency of, indications for and clinical epidemiological characteristics of first time cesarean section, compared with repeated cesarean section.
14  ventrobasal nucleus
(17 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EPSPs (2 times)
IPSCs (2 times)
NMDAR1 (2 times)
1985 Vibrissae tactile stimulation: (14C) 2-deoxyglucose uptake in rat brainstem, thalamus, and cortex.
15  venous blood
(15 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AB (4 times)
PRP (3 times)
CB (2 times)
1990 Effects of retrovenous myocardial drug delivery after coronary artery occlusion in sheep.
16  ventrobasal complex of the thalamus
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
VPM (2 times)
CeM (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1976 Convergence of the descending pathways of motor, visual and limbic cortex in the cat di- and mesencephalon.
17  vascular bundle
(11 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
ADTs (1 time)
AV loop (1 time)
1987 Fragmentation and flow of grazed coastal Bermudagrass through the digestive tract of cattle.
18  ventral noradrenergic bundle
(10 times)
Brain
(3 times)
LC (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
1976 Central noradrenergic neurons: differential effects on body weight of electrolytic and 6-hydroxydopamine lesions in rats.
19  ventrobasal thalamic complex
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BCECF (2 times)
TC (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
1976 Barrels in somatosensory cortex of normal and reeler mutant mice.
20  virginiae butanolide
(10 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
VM (2 times)
GUS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1995 Purification and characterization of the IM-2-binding protein from Streptomyces sp. strain FRI-5.
21  Vortex Blue
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
NCF (3 times)
PTN (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2014 Comparison of conventional and new-generation nickel-titanium files in regard to their physical properties.
22  vinyl bromide
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
c-DBE (2 times)
t-DBE (2 times)
TBE (2 times)
1997 Preferential formation of deletions following in vivo exposure of postmeiotic Drosophila germ cells to the DNA etheno-adduct-forming carcinogen vinyl carbamate.
23  virtual body
(9 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
sync (2 times)
FF (1 time)
HRD (1 time)
2013 The relationship between virtual body ownership and temperature sensitivity.
24  vitreous body
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ILM (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1986 [Adhesion of the vitreous body to cured polymers].
25  vacuum biopsy
(8 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
ADH (1 time)
FN and FP (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
1999 MR-guided percutaneous excisional and incisional biopsy of breast lesions.
26  violent behavior
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CART (1 time)
CHR (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2007 Violent behavior of patients admitted in emergency following drug suicidal attempt: a specific staff educational crisis intervention.
27  virological breakthrough
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CHB (5 times)
HBV (4 times)
HBsAg (3 times)
2005 Relationship between serum b2-microglobulin levels and virological breakthrough in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients, under long-term treatment schedules including lamivudine.
28  volleyball
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
BB (6 times)
SW (4 times)
SOC (3 times)
1989 The effect of a competitive season on the body composition of university female athletes.
29  vacillating-breathing
(7 times)
Physics
(6 times)
TB (5 times)
TT (3 times)
TU (2 times)
2007 Dynamics and rheology of a dilute suspension of vesicles: higher-order theory.
30  vecuronium bromide
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PB (2 times)
CB (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1993 [Interaction between vecuronium and pancuronium].
31  Venenum Bufonis
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AST (2 times)
SD (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
2016 TXNIP/TRX/NF-kappaB and MAPK/NF-kappaB pathways involved in the cardiotoxicity induced by Venenum Bufonis in rats.
32  ventrobasal thalamic nucleus
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
dLGN (1 time)
DOPA (1 time)
1996 Heterogeneous axonal arborizations of rat thalamic reticular neurons in the ventrobasal nucleus.
33  Victoria blue
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1992 [Expression of c-erbB-2 protein and vessel invasion in colorectal cancer].
34  vital bone
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BV (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2005 Adjacent tissues (cartilage, bone) affect the functional integration of engineered calf cartilage in vitro.
35  voxel-based
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
glc (3 times)
FA (2 times)
7-NI (1 time)
2002 Neuronal nitric oxide has a role as a perfusion regulator and a synaptic modulator in cerebellum but not in neocortex during somatosensory stimulation--an animal PET study.
36  vinblastine sulfate
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
MMC (2 times)
4-NP (1 time)
BBP (1 time)
1983 Factors involved in the sensitivity of Stentor to colchicine, lumicolchicine, and vinblastine sulfate.
37  Vitrebond
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DY (2 times)
RMGICs (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1994 Cytotoxicity of potential retrograde root-filling materials.
38  volume of distribution
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (2 times)
4-MP (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
1981 The rabbit as an animal model to study pharmacokinetics of levonorgestrel in women.
39  von Bertalanffy
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
--- 1993 Growth in pinnipeds.
40  vacuum bell
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PE (4 times)
CWDs (1 time)
DPMD (1 time)
2016 Vacuum bell therapy.
41  vacuum-assisted biopsy
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DCIS (1 time)
US (1 time)
2001 [Digital stereotactic breast microbiopsy with the mammotome: study of 122 cases].
42  variamine blue
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
MB (2 times)
MG (2 times)
RB (2 times)
2001 A facile spectrophotometric method for the determination of selenium.
43  ventilator bundle
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
VAP (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
2009 Efficacy of an expanded ventilator bundle for the reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the medical intensive care unit.
44  ventral basal
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ASs (1 time)
CPSP (1 time)
dLGN (1 time)
1983 Further evidence for a strong depressive effect of low doses of morphine on VB thalamic neuronal responses (a study on arthritic rats).
45  ventral bud
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TCDD (2 times)
ADLB (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1977 The effects of destruction of noradrenergic ascending ventral bundles and tetrabenazine on formation of stress-induced gastric ulcer.
46  Venus Bulk Fill
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DC (2 times)
RBCs (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2012 Nanoindentation creep versus bulk compressive creep of dental resin-composites.
47  vincristine and bleomycin
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EST (1 time)
HDCT (1 time)
NSGCT (1 time)
1984 The prognostic significance of endodermal sinus tumor histology among patients treated for stage III nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testes.
48  viral breakthrough
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
SVR (2 times)
CCR5 (1 time)
ETR (1 time)
2007 Immunodeficiency and intrinsic IFN resistance are associated with viral breakthrough to HCV therapy in HIV-coinfected patients.
49  bacterial vaginosis
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SQA (1 time)
1998 [Therapy of bacterial vaginosis. Prospective clinical study ot the efficacy and tolerability of quaternary ammonium salts vs. clindamycin].
50  beta-variable
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ITP (3 times)
TCR (3 times)
CDR3 (1 time)
2003 T cell receptor VB repertoire diversity in patients with immune thrombocytopenia following splenectomy.
51  variable beta
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CDR3 (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
2004 Shared and individual specificities of immunodominant cytotoxic T-cell clones in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria as determined by molecular analysis.
52  vector backbone
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
LB (2 times)
RB (2 times)
T-DNA (2 times)
2004 A bidirectional gene trap construct suitable for T-DNA and Ds-mediated insertional mutagenesis in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
53  venous beading
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IRMA (3 times)
DR (2 times)
NVE (2 times)
2000 A comparison of digital nonmydriatic fundus imaging with standard 35-millimeter slides for diabetic retinopathy.
54  ventricular bigeminy
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
VT (2 times)
APC (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2009 Electrocardiogram signals identification for cardiac arrhythmias using prony's method and neural network.
55  vermilion border
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AY (1 time)
BV (1 time)
DST (1 time)
2003 Autofluorescence characteristics of healthy oral mucosa at different anatomical sites.
56  versicolorin B
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AVR (2 times)
VHA (2 times)
VOAc (2 times)
1991 A metabolic grid among versiconal hemiacetal acetate, versiconol acetate, versiconol and versiconal during aflatoxin biosynthesis.
57  vertebrae
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DSC (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
mo (1 time)
2012 Magnetic resonance evaluation of tubercular lesion in spine.
58  videobronchoscopic
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2000 Ultrasound and a new videobronchoscopic technique to measure the subglottic diameter.
59  vinorelbine
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AHVB (1 time)
2007 Gemcitabine and oral vinorelbine as salvage treatment in patients with advanced anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated breast cancer.
60  vinorelbine bitartrate
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DL (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2007 Preparation and characteristic of vinorelbine bitartrate-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.
61  virulent Bucyrus
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
EAV (3 times)
MLV (1 time)
2008 Persistent equine arteritis virus infection in HeLa cells.
62  Visual Basic
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
BCPNN (1 time)
CDE (1 time)
2009 A computerized system for signal detection in spontaneous reporting system of Shanghai China.
63  Vorarlberger Bergkase
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
OTUs (1 time)
qPCRs (1 time)
2014 Cultivation-independent analysis of microbial communities on Austrian raw milk hard cheese rinds.
64  breakthrough volume
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SPE (2 times)
EN (1 time)
ESI-MS (1 time)
2007 Use of new generation poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) resins for gas-phase trapping-thermal desorption. Application to the retention of seven volatile organic compounds.
65  V-beta
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TCR (2 times)
CDR3 (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
1995 A polyclonal T cell repertoire of V-alpha and V-beta T cell receptor gene families in intrathyroidal T lymphocytes of Graves' disease patients.
66  vacuum bag
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ERMI (1 time)
NC (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2007 Quantitative PCR analysis of molds in the dust from homes of asthmatic children in North Carolina.
67  vacuum-assisted breast biopsy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2003 Evaluation of mammographic and clinical follow-up after 755 stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsies.
68  vagal blockade
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
SB (1 time)
VT (1 time)
1976 Respiratory load compensation in awake and sleeping dogs.
69  vaginal balloon
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
LH (1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2004 Physiotherapy for female stress urinary incontinence: individual therapy at the outpatient clinic versus home-based pelvic floor training: a 5-year follow-up study.
70  vaginal breech
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CON (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Vaginal breech deliveries selected using computed tomographic pelvimetry may be associated with fewer adverse outcomes.
71  Valle de Bravo
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
P g (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
WLF (1 time)
2014 Community metabolism in a deep (stratified) tropical reservoir during a period of high water-level fluctuations.
72  van Buchem
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HBM (1 time)
SOST (1 time)
2005 Genomic deletion of a long-range bone enhancer misregulates sclerostin in Van Buchem disease.
73  vanadium boride
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
HT-ESEM (1 time)
2010 Characterization of self-healing glassy composites by high-temperature environmental scanning electron microscopy (HT-ESEM).
74  vapor pressure and boundary layer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
2-BE (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2005 Prediction of initial emission rates of 2-butoxyethanol from consumer products using equilibrium headspace concentrations: an application of the vapor pressure and boundary layer (VB) model.
75  variable-blade
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AK (2 times)
PAR (1 time)
per (1 time)
2010 Relating instrumental texture, determined by variable-blade and Allo-Kramer shear attachments, to sensory analysis of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, fillets.
76  variables
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CAGE (1 time)
CI 0.84-0.90 (1 time)
CTCL (1 time)
1992 Stimulation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cells with superantigenic staphylococcal toxins.
77  Vasterbotten
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
NB (2 times)
UP (1 time)
VIP (1 time)
2016 First evidence of established populations of the taiga tick Ixodes persulcatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Sweden.
78  vemurafenib
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
LD (1 time)
MeOH (1 time)
2015 A molecular insight into the phototoxic reactions observed with vemurafenib, a first-line drug against metastatic melanoma.
79  veno-venous bypass
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
OLT (2 times)
MAP (1 time)
1998 Experience with the piggyback technique without caval occlusion in adult orthotopic liver transplantation.
80  Verabond
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CTEs (1 time)
MCBS (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2009 Correlation between metal-ceramic bond strength and coefficient of linear thermal expansion difference.
81  vertebral body diameter
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
LM (1 time)
LM/CD (1 time)
2004 Variation of the cervical spinal Torg ratio with gender and ethnicity.
82  vertebral bulge
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
VH (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
2018 Biomechanical effects of metastasis in the osteoporotic lumbar spine: AFinite Element Analysis.
83  vibration disease
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
1990 [Hyperbaric oxygenation in the treatment of patients with vibration disease due to local exposure].
84  vibratory bar
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2010 A vibratory bar for upper body: feasibility and acute effects on EMGrms activity.
85  video-based
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FT (1 time)
IP (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
2011 Role of instruction method in novices' acquisition of minimally invasive surgical basic skills.
86  Virtual Beach
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
LCC (1 time)
RMSE (1 time)
2008 Nowcasting and forecasting concentrations of biological contaminants at beaches: a feasibility and case study.
87  virtual bolus
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AVM (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2015 Virtual bolus for total body irradiation treated with helical tomotherapy.
88  volleyball players
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1993 Stroke volume response to progressive exercise in athletes engaged in different types of training.
89  vortex breakdown
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
--- 2003 Vortex breakdown control by adding near-axis swirl and temperature gradients.
90  (-)-versicolorin B
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
VA (1 time)
VHA (1 time)
VOAc (1 time)
1993 Stereochemistry during aflatoxin biosynthesis: cyclase reaction in the conversion of versiconal to versicolorin B and racemization of versiconal hemiacetal acetate.
91  4-vinylphenylboronic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EGDMA (1 time)
MAA (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2015 Selective extraction based on poly(MAA-VB-EGMDA) monolith followed by HPLC for determination of hordenine in plasma and urine samples.
92  balloon volume
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Validation of different methods to compare isovolumic cardiac function in isolated hearts of varying sizes.
93  blood volume parameter
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FCH (1 time)
TAC (1 time)
2018 Optimization of temporal sampling for 18F-choline uptake quantification in prostate cancer assessment.
94  boron vacancy
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
h-BNNSs (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2016 Defective Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanosheet on Ni(111) and Cu(111): Stability, Electronic Structures, and Potential Applications.
95  Brazilian veterinarians
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OB (1 time)
2018 Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience.
96  break-down voltage
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Doped-ZnO Powder for Advanced Varistor Application.
97  p-vinylbiphenyl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BDE (1 time)
BDM (1 time)
ISC (1 time)
2007 Ultrafast study of p-biphenylyldiazoethane. The chemistry of the diazo excited state and the relaxed carbene.
98  somatic-ventrobasal complex
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
Pul (1 time)
1985 [Distribution of specific signals of different modality in the associative parietal area of the cat cortex].
99  TCR-variable beta chain
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CDR3 (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2001 Human leucocyte antigen-A2 restricted and Mycobacterium tuberculosis 19-kDa antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell responses are oligoclonal and exhibit a T-cell cytotoxic type 2 response cytokine-secretion pattern.
100  V, Nb, and Ta
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Stability in bcc transition metals: Madelung and band-energy effects due to alloying.