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Abbreviation: VL
Appearance Frequency: 5965 time(s)
Long forms: 270

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
visceral leishmaniasis
(2328 times)
Tropical Medicine
(784 times)
CL (138 times)
DAT (136 times)
PKDL (132 times)
1977 Granulocyte function in visceral leishmaniasis.
viral load
(1381 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(470 times)
ART (385 times)
HAART (183 times)
CI (132 times)
1996 Quantitative HIV-1 RNA as a marker of clinical stability and survival in a cohort of 302 patients with a mean CD4 cell count of 300 x 10(6)/l.
vastus lateralis
(956 times)
Physiology
(440 times)
RF (301 times)
VM (265 times)
EMG (250 times)
1978 Aerobic performance capacity in athletes.
ventrolateral
(208 times)
Neurology
(98 times)
DM (32 times)
VA (29 times)
VM (27 times)
1973 [Convergence of paleo- and neocerebellar impulses on single units of the ventro-lateral (VL) thalamic nucleus].
video laryngoscopy
(85 times)
Emergency Medicine
(24 times)
DL (44 times)
ETI (11 times)
CI (7 times)
2007 Laryngeal electromyography in adults with Parkinson's disease and voice complaints.
volume
(68 times)
Physiology
(34 times)
VT (11 times)
FRC (5 times)
VC (4 times)
1979 Effects of lung volume on collateral and airways resistance in man.
visible light
(59 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
ROS (10 times)
CQ (7 times)
UV (6 times)
1975 Effect of near ultraviolet and visible light on amoeba.
variable light
(58 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
VH (51 times)
scFv (15 times)
mAb (6 times)
1983 Amino acid sequence of the Fv region of a human monoclonal IgM (protein WEA) with antibody activity against 3,4-pyruvylated galactose in Klebsiella polysaccharides K30 and K33.
ventrolateral nucleus
(49 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
CL (7 times)
MD (7 times)
VPL (7 times)
1978 [Reactions of neurons in the reticular and ventral anterior thalamic nuclei to stimulation of the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus and motor cortex].
10  visceral
(40 times)
Parasitology
(12 times)
CL (9 times)
ML (3 times)
PKDL (3 times)
1989 A comparison of the direct agglutination test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the sero-diagnosis of leishmaniasis in the Sudan.
11  vastus lateralis muscle
(39 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
EMG (6 times)
VMO (6 times)
iEMG (3 times)
1984 [Anatomical and mechanical studies of the extensor system of the knee joint].
12  variable region
(33 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
VH (6 times)
CDR (4 times)
scFv (4 times)
1979 Anti-V region framework antibodies affect the ligand binding of VL dimer.
13  variable domain
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
AL (4 times)
VH (4 times)
LC (2 times)
1978 Cold pepsin digestion: a novel method to produce the Fv fragment from human immunoglobulin M.
14  ventralis lateralis
(26 times)
Brain
(15 times)
VA (8 times)
CL (6 times)
CM (5 times)
1975 Functional significance of projection from the cerebellar nuclei to the motor cortex in the cat.
15  variable
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
IgL (4 times)
3d-dsFv (1 time)
Av-CHO (1 time)
1976 A mathematical approach to the analysis of diversity in antibody gene families.
16  variable light chain
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
VH (22 times)
scFv (9 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1989 Generation of a catalytic antibody by site-directed mutagenesis.
17  volume load
(23 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
BP (4 times)
RT (3 times)
TS (3 times)
1975 Contractility of the hypertrophied human left ventricle in chronic pressure and volume overload.
18  ventrolateral thalamic nucleus
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
ACh (3 times)
PPN (3 times)
fPP (2 times)
1979 Effects of ventrolateral thalamic nucleus cooling on initiation of forelimb ballistic flexion movements by conditioned cats.
19  very long
(17 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
OAg (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
APOE (4 times)
2000 The length of the CTLA-4 microsatellite (AT)N-repeat affects the risk for type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Incidence in Sweden Study Group.
20  ventrolateral thalamus
(14 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
GPi (2 times)
PD (2 times)
STN (2 times)
1976 Anatomical analysis of ventrolateral thalamic input to primate motor cortex.
21  vestibular lesion
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AP (4 times)
HR (2 times)
SAD (2 times)
2004 Roles of baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex in controlling arterial blood pressure during gravitational stress in conscious rats.
22  Variolink II
(11 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
PN (3 times)
RX (3 times)
CH (2 times)
2007 Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin.
23  variable region of light chain
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
VH (8 times)
scFv (2 times)
BiP (1 time)
1977 Idiotypes of inulin-binding myeloma proteins localized to variable region light and heavy chains: genetic significance.
24  ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BSTLD (1 time)
CeL (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1978 Unitary acitvity of ventrolateral nucleus during placing movement and associated postural adjustment.
25  Visio.link
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
MH (6 times)
TBS (6 times)
CG (4 times)
2013 Effect of different adhesives combined with two resin composite cements on shear bond strength to polymeric CAD/CAM materials.
26  delta-valerolactone
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CL (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
1991 Evaluation of new pasty-type implantable devices consisting of poly(epsilon-caprolactone/delta-valerolactone) and Estracyt or estramustine.
27  velocity
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SL (4 times)
2DST (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
1975 Isotonic relaxation in cardiac muscle.
28  ventral lobe
(8 times)
Urology
(4 times)
DL (3 times)
MPG (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
1988 In vivo steroidogenic effects of homologous pituitary ventral lobe extract in the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias.
29  vestibular loss
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PL (4 times)
AP (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2001 Differential diagnosis of proprioceptive and vestibular deficits using dynamic support-surface posturography.
30  vortex lattice
(8 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
PE (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
2001 Elastic moduli of vortex lattices within nonlocal London model.
31  variable regions of the light
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
scFv (2 times)
mAb (1 time)
NK1R (1 time)
1993 Efficient production of a functional single-chain antidigoxin antibody via an engineered Bacillus subtilis expression-secretion system.
32  vein of Labbe
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SSV (3 times)
LTS (2 times)
SAVs (2 times)
1997 [Radiological anatomy of the vein of Labbe].
33  venous lake
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1992 A dual-radioisotope technique for the evaluation of penile blood flow during tumescence.
34  verbal learning
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
EF (3 times)
im (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2002 Neurocognitive dimensions characterising patients with first-episode psychosis.
35  vertical lobe
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LTP (2 times)
5-HT-IR (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2006 Effects of dorsal and ventral vertical lobe electrolytic lesions on spatial learning and locomotor activity in Sepia officinalis.
36  visible lesions
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
bTB (3 times)
SICCT (3 times)
AOR (1 time)
2010 The prevalence and distribution of Mycobacterium bovis infection in European badgers (Meles meles) as determined by enhanced post mortem examination and bacteriological culture.
37  vision loss
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
HL (3 times)
ACR (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2009 Analysis of Vision loss caused by radiation-induced optic neuropathy after particle therapy for head-and-neck and skull-base tumors adjacent to optic nerves.
38  vitreous length
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
AL (7 times)
ACD (5 times)
LT (4 times)
2000 [A study on the effect of vitreous cavity length in primary ametropia].
39  video laparoscopy
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
EMG (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1991 In vivo myometrial activity in the rat during the oestrous cycle: studies with a novel technique of video laparoscopy.
40  vector length
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BIA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
2003 Double dissociation of social functioning in frontotemporal dementia.
41  visceral leishmaniasis patients
(5 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ELISAs (1 time)
KMP-11 (1 time)
KMP-11-1 (1 time)
1995 Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (cachectin) in human visceral leishmaniasis.
42  HIV-viral load
(4 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AHR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2005 Early virologic failure in a pilot study evaluating the efficacy of therapy containing once-daily abacavir, lamivudine, and tenofovir DF in treatment-naive HIV-infected patients.
43  vaginal lymphocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AAb (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
1996 T lymphocytes in the murine vaginal mucosa are phenotypically distinct from those in the periphery.
44  vascular leakage
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BK (2 times)
ASP (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2005 Induction of vascular leakage through release of bradykinin and a novel kinin by cysteine proteinases from Staphylococcus aureus.
45  ventral lateral region
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
DBB (1 time)
Dl (1 time)
1984 Axonal endings terminating on dendrites of identified large trigeminospinal projection neurons in rat trigeminal nucleus oralis.
46  very late
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AADs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
BMS (1 time)
1987 Antigenic mapping of the surface proteins of infectious hepatitis B virus particles.
47  very low
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CPET (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2000 Pediculosis capitis in northern Jordan.
48  vessel length
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BVV (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
FVSA (1 time)
2003 Intravital analysis of microcirculation in the regenerating mouse liver.
49  vinyl laurate
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ara-C (1 time)
CD (1 time)
LCST (1 time)
2005 A thermoresponsive chitosan-NIPAAm/vinyl laurate copolymer vector for gene transfection.
50  virtual laryngoscopy
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMIRA (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2001 [Virtual laryngoscopy of neoplastic pharyngeal and laryngeal pathology].
51  visual loss
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
1998 Permanent visual loss and cerebrovascular accidents in giant cell arteritis: predictors and response to treatment.
52  vitelline layer
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FE (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
1980 The vitelline layer of the sea urchin egg and its modification during fertilization. A freeze-fracture study using quick-freezing and deep-etching.
53  vaccine-like
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NVL (2 times)
KSN (1 time)
PRRSV (1 time)
1984 Genetic characterization of poliovirus isolates in Canada, 1962-1981.
54  valgus
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VR (3 times)
TD (2 times)
EXT (1 time)
2001 Design and validation of an unconstrained loading system to measure the envelope of motion in the rabbit knee joint.
55  value
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CPXT (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1982 An analysis of world records in three types of locomotion.
56  vapor-liquid
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
LLCP (1 time)
2009 Phase diagrams of model C60 and C70 fullerenes from short-range attractive potentials.
57  variable region genes
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
scFv (2 times)
L-chain (1 time)
1995 Variable region light chain genes encoding human antibodies to HIV-1.
58  variant lymphocytes
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ALL (2 times)
AML (2 times)
BA (2 times)
1994 [Cell Dyn 3000: technical performance and applications in hematologic pathology].
59  vascular laboratory
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
CE (1 time)
PII (1 time)
1989 Scoring of vascular disease in the lower extremities.
60  venous leakage
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
IC (1 time)
PGE-1 (1 time)
1992 Diagnosis of venous leakage by 133Xe corporeal clearance after intracavernous injection of prostaglandin E1 in poorly responding patients.
61  ventilatory-limited
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
NVL (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BRIAT (1 time)
1998 Pulmonary function threshold for distinguishing ventilatory- and nonventilatory-limited patients with airflow obstruction.
62  ventricle
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
C.NMTA (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1983 Antinociceptive effect of centrally administered cyclo(N-methyl-L-Tyr-L-Arg) in the rat.
63  ventrolateral complex
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CIN (2 times)
SSM (2 times)
VB (2 times)
1978 The cerebellofugal projections in the brachium conjunctivum of the rat I. The contralateral ascending pathway.
64  visceral form
(3 times)
Arbovirus Infections
(1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
2007 Isolation of antileishmanial sterol from the fruits of Cassia fistula using bioguided fractionation.
65  vitiligo
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2005 The role of T cells in cutaneous autoimmune disease.
66  volume-loaded
(3 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
NL (3 times)
AAo (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
2010 Non-volume-loaded heart provides a more relevant heterotopic transplantation model.
67  (DM)-ventrolateral
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
ORs (1 time)
OSN (1 time)
2015 Activity-dependent and graded BACE1 expression in the olfactory epithelium is mediated by the retinoic acid metabolizing enzyme CYP26B1.
68  V. hilgendorfii luciferase
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PRC (1 time)
1990 Vargula hilgendorfii luciferase: a secreted reporter enzyme for monitoring gene expression in mammalian cells.
69  vagal
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FL (2 times)
LSL (1 time)
OT (1 time)
1992 Convergence of oral and extraoral information in the superior secondary gustatory nucleus of the channel catfish.
70  valsartan
(2 times)
Clinical Trials as Topic
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2016 In vitro and in vivo postmarketing surveillance of valsartan, alone or in combination with amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide, among Palestinian hypertensive patients.
71  valued living
(2 times)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
EA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2013 The Value of Workshops on Psychological Flexibility for Early Childhood Special Education Staff.
72  vascular lesions
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BBL (1 time)
BMR (1 time)
CCH (1 time)
1992 Preclinical evaluation of recombinant human interleukin-4.
73  velar length
(2 times)
Radiography, Dental
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
VW (2 times)
2014 Correlation of morphological variants of the soft palate and Need's ratio in normal individuals: A digital cephalometric study.
74  venous lines
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
AOPP (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2002 Convective and diffusive losses of vitamin C during haemodiafiltration session: a contributive factor to oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients.
75  venous loading
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
ROA (1 time)
VA/VA (1 time)
1990 Cardiogenic oscillations in He and SF6 expirograms during airway and venous loading.
76  ventilation length
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
CD (2 times)
CL (2 times)
2010 Cheyne-Stokes respiration in heart failure: cycle length is dependent on left ventricular ejection fraction.
77  verapamil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BA (2 times)
IVAP (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2001 Differentiation of gut and hepatic first-pass effect of drugs: 1. Studies of verapamil in ported dogs.
78  verrucous leukoplakia
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
He (1 time)
Ice (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1985 Verrucous carcinoma, hyperplasia and leukoplakia of the oral mucosa: a clinico-histopathological and histometric study.
79  Verticillium longisporum
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2010 Silencing of Vlaro2 for chorismate synthase revealed that the phytopathogen Verticillium longisporum induces the cross-pathway control in the xylem.
80  very low-dose
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
OFC (2 times)
CM (1 time)
2015 Better management of cow's milk allergy using a very low dose food challenge test: a retrospective study.
81  vestibular lamina
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
DL (2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
EPOS (1 time)
1998 Observations on early development of the murine fetal oral vestibule.
82  VFS length
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
EECs (2 times)
GSA (2 times)
VFS (2 times)
2013 Distinct influence of filter strips on acute and chronic pesticide aquatic environmental exposure assessments across U.S. EPA scenarios.
83  video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
OL (2 times)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Thoracoscopic lobectomy is associated with improved short-term and equivalent oncological outcomes compared with open lobectomy for clinical Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer: a propensity-matched analysis of 963 cases.
84  videolaparoscopic technique
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2009 Laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis.
85  villus length
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BW (2 times)
CD (1 time)
CRD (1 time)
1986 Effects on the fetal rat intestine of maternal malnutrition and exposure to nitrofen (2,4-dichlorophenyl-p-nitrophenyl ether).
86  viral load measurement
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
CD4 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Markov modelling of immunological and virological states in HIV-1 infected patients.
87  virtual laboratory
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
e-science (1 time)
PSEs (1 time)
2006 The promise of a virtual lab in drug discovery.
88  visible-light-cured
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CQ (1 time)
DMAEMA (1 time)
DMPTI (1 time)
1988 Analysis of photo-initiators in visible-light-cured dental composite resins.
89  visual lean
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2006 The effect of air temperature, velocity and visual lean (VL) composition on the tempering times of frozen boneless beef blocks.
90  VL-d
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NIRS (2 times)
RF-s (1 time)
TRS (1 time)
2005 Association between regional quadriceps oxygenation and blood oxygen saturation during normoxic one-legged dynamic knee extension.
91  Vliegenthart-Lekkerkerker
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HSY (1 time)
SCOZA (1 time)
SW (1 time)
2013 Self-Consistent Ornstein-Zernike Approximation (SCOZA) and exact second virial coefficients and their relationship with critical temperature for colloidal or protein suspensions with short-ranged attractive interactions.
92  vocal ligament
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CTO (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1996 A biomechanical laryngeal model of voice F0 and glottal width control.
93  volume overload
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HP (1 time)
1976 The influence of hypertrophy on myocardial function.
94  vs lung volume
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
Ps (2 times)
Pcap (1 time)
1992 Influence of lung volume history and increased surface forces on collateral resistance.
95  (VR)-valgus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
EXT (1 time)
INT (1 time)
VKLD (1 time)
2007 Measurement of varus-valgus and internal-external rotational knee laxities in vivo--Part I: assessment of measurement reliability and bilateral asymmetry.
96  cements--Variolink II
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
FGPS (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2013 Influence of volume and activation mode on polymerization shrinkage forces of resin cements.
97  gamma-valerolactone
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
2,5-HD (1 time)
DF (1 time)
1996 Toxic effects of hexane derivatives on cultured rat Schwann cells.
98  in vitro lesions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
WS (1 time)
1999 In vitro remineralization of in vivo and in vitro formed enamel lesions.
99  in-vial vaporization of liquid-phase standards
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DTL (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2014 Development of the detection threshold concept from a close look at sorption occurrence inside a glass vial based on the in-vial vaporization of semivolatile fatty acids.
100  intra-ventrolateral
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
I-RTX (1 time)
IR (1 time)
PAG (1 time)
2007 Tonic endovanilloid facilitation of glutamate release in brainstem descending antinociceptive pathways.