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Abbreviation: VPA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
valproic acid
(2883 times)
Neurology
(667 times)
HDAC (272 times)
CBZ (197 times)
AEDs (123 times)
1977 A study of the action of valproic acid on the kindling effect.
valproate
(1210 times)
Neurology
(654 times)
CBZ (303 times)
PHT (162 times)
AEDs (158 times)
1979 Cerebrospinal fluid monoamine metabolites and cyclic nucleotides in chronic schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia or drug-induced tremor.
vigorous physical activity
(105 times)
Sports Medicine
(35 times)
MVPA (45 times)
MPA (21 times)
PA (19 times)
1992 Daily energy expenditure in free-living children: comparison of heart-rate monitoring with the doubly labeled water (2H2(18)O) method.
vigorous PA
(78 times)
Sports Medicine
(25 times)
PA (70 times)
MVPA (41 times)
MPA (33 times)
2002 Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth.
vaginal pulse amplitude
(37 times)
Gynecology
(18 times)
VBV (4 times)
CBV (3 times)
DHEA (2 times)
1980 Biofeedback-assisted sexual arousal in females: a comparison of visual and auditory modalities.
valproate sodium
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
CBZ (4 times)
AEDs (3 times)
PB (3 times)
1982 Serum concentrations and enzyme induction in epileptic children treated with phenytoin and valproate.
variation partitioning analysis
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ARGs (4 times)
CCA (4 times)
MGEs (2 times)
2013 Elevated CO₂ influences microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling.
vinylphosphonic acid
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
AA (3 times)
IMAC (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
2001 A study of the Lewis acid-base interactions of vinylphosphonic acid-modified polybutadiene-coated zirconia.
vigorous-intensity PA
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
PA (14 times)
MVPA (9 times)
MPA (7 times)
2009 Targeting sedentary time or moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity: independent relations with adiposity in a population-based sample of 10-y-old British children.
10  vigorous-intensity physical activity
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
MPA (7 times)
SED (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 'Physical education makes you fit and healthy'. Physical education's contribution to young people's physical activity levels.
11  vascular plasminogen activator
(9 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
IPA (2 times)
tPA (2 times)
DDAVP (1 time)
1983 Vascular plasminogen activator and deep vein thrombosis.
12  Verbal Paired Associates
(9 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
CVLT-II (3 times)
HC (2 times)
LM (2 times)
1998 Effects of practice in repeated administrations of the Wechsler Memory Scale Revised in normal adults.
13  valproic acid sodium
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CPA (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
CTGF (1 time)
2003 [Effects of chronic valproic acid sodium treatment and withdrawal on glutamate and glutamine release of C6 glioma cells].
14  virus plaque assay
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
Con A (3 times)
V-PFC (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
1973 The production of vesicular stomatitis virus by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes and continuous lymphoblastoid lines.
15  Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
--- 2001 Term delivery following conservative treatment for villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: report of a case and analysis of the literature.
16  voluntary physical activity
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ET (4 times)
eWAT (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
2015 Role of physical exercise on hepatic insulin, glucocorticoid and inflammatory signaling pathways in an animal model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
17  vitreopapillary adhesion
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
PVD (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
ERMs (2 times)
2009 Vitreo-papillary adhesion in macular hole and macular pucker.
18  valproic acid, or valproate
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2000 New anti-epileptic drugs for the 21st century.
19  Vocal Profile Analysis
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
FSC (1 time)
2000 Formal perceptual evaluation of voice quality in the United Kingdom.
20  VPA group
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2006 The effects of valproic acid, vitamin E and folic acid on ribs of rat fetuses in the prenatal period.
21  LTG-valproic acid
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
2003 [Influence of valproic acid (depakine I.V.) on human placenta metabolism--experimental model].
22  valporate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2007 [The use of lamotrigine in female patients].
23  valproic acid, 2-n-propylpentanoic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
CoA (1 time)
dpf (1 time)
2008 Pyruvate uptake is inhibited by valproic acid and metabolites in mitochondrial membranes.
24  vapor permeability analyzer
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CRS (2 times)
FTIR (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2009 Comparative electrochemical studies at different operational temperatures for the effect of nanoclay platelets on the anticorrosion efficiency of organo-soluble polyimide/clay nanocomposite coatings.
25  vascular pole area
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1997 Glomerular volume and the glomerular vascular pole area in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
26  verb-phrase anaphora
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Children's production of verb-phrase anaphora in a spoken task.
27  verbal protocol analysis
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
2019 Proceed with caution: using verbal protocol analysis to measure situation awareness.
28  vibration power absorption
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
APMS (1 time)
2006 Frequency weighting derived from power absorption of fingers-hand-arm system under z(h)-axis vibration.
29  view of the prostatic apex
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
EBL (2 times)
APE (1 time)
2007 [Predicting blood loss during radical prostatectomy using internal pelvimetry].
30  vigorous PA per day
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
MVPA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
APHV (1 time)
2007 Age and gender differences in youth physical activity: does physical maturity matter?
31  Violence Prevention Alliance
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
WHO (2 times)
IAEG-SDG (1 time)
UN (1 time)
2016 Violence, health, and the 2030 agenda: Merging evidence and implementation.
32  vulvar, perineal, and anal
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
--- 2006 Sexual reward via vulvar, perineal, and anal stimulation: a proximate mechanism for female homosexual mounting in Japanese macaques.
33  2-(4-vinylphenyl)aziridine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LCC-ATRP (1 time)
NMP (1 time)
NMVPA (1 time)
2016 Reversible Deactivation Radical Polymerization of Monomers Containing Activated Aziridine Groups.
34  4-en-valproate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
GOT (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
1996 Valproate metabolites in high-dose valproate plus phenytoin therapy.
35  epilepsy--valproate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
NCPP (1 time)
SMEI (1 time)
1990 Epidemiology of severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy.
36  in vivo profiles, valproate
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HDACi (1 time)
PHH (1 time)
2005 Apoptosis on hepatoma cells but not on primary hepatocytes by histone deacetylase inhibitors valproate and ITF2357.
37  molecules-valproic acid
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
5-Aza (1 time)
Dox (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
2014 Sodium butyrate efficiently converts fully reprogrammed induced pluripotent stem cells from mouse partially reprogrammed cells.
38  N-t-boc-Val-Pro-Arg-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1999 Rapid identification of Staphylococcus aureus by using fluorescent staphylocoagulase assays.
39  Na-Valproic acid
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DWI (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2009 Na VPA-induced acute ischemic stroke in an epileptic patient with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphism.
40  Pentyl-4-yn-valproic acid
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2004 Pentyl-4-yn-valproic acid reverses age-associated memory impairment in the Wistar rat.
41  stabilizers-valproic acid
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CXCR4 (1 time)
GSK-3beta (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2010 The mood stabilizers valproic acid and lithium enhance mesenchymal stem cell migration via distinct mechanisms.
42  Vaccine Procurement Assistance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DAC (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
ODA (1 time)
2014 Monitoring what governments "give for" and "spend on" vaccine procurement: Vaccine Procurement Assistance and Vaccine Procurement Baseline.
43  vaginal prosthetic adhesive
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
POP-Q (1 time)
2015 Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy with a vaginal prosthetic adhesive.
44  vagotomy and pyloroplasty/antrectomy
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
OP (1 time)
2018 The natural history of perforated foregut ulcers after repair by omental patching or primary closure.
45  Valencia Port Authority
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2005 Development of a system of indicators for sustainable port management.
46  ValidPrime assay
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
gDNA (1 time)
RT-qPCR (1 time)
2012 Correction of RT-qPCR data for genomic DNA-derived signals with ValidPrime.
47  valproate magnesium
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
AML (1 time)
ETX (1 time)
2001 Amlodipine enhances the activity of antiepileptic drugs against pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures.
48  valproate metabolism
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1992 Is 2-propyl-4-pentenoic acid, a hepatotoxic metabolite of valproate, responsible for valproate-induced hyperammonemia?
49  valproate, a salt of di-n-propylacetic acid
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
2002 Sodium valproate facilitates the propagation of granulocytic ehrlichiae (Anaplasma phagocytophilum) in HL-60 cells.
50  valproate--Depakine chrono
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
1996 [Open randomized comparative trial of sodium valproate and carbamazepine in adult onset epilepsy].
51  valproic
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
2017 Specific Patient Features Affect Antiepileptic Drug Therapy Decisions: Focus on Gender, Age, and Psychiatric Comorbidities.
52  valproic acid alone
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
PB (1 time)
TBW (1 time)
1996 Detection of carbamazepine drug interaction by multiple peak approach screening using routine clinical pharmacokinetic data.
53  valproic acid by gavage
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Behavioral teratogenicity of valproic acid: selective effects on behavior after prenatal exposure to rats.
54  Valproic acid derivates
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
BARB (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2009 Age-related pattern of the antiepileptic drug utilization in active epilepsy: a population-based survey.
55  valproic acid preparations
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
CFE (1 time)
IGE (1 time)
2003 [Treatment termination in children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy and cryptogenic focal epilepsy].
56  Valproic acid, anti-epileptic drug
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
TrkB (1 time)
2010 Conditional downregulation of brain- derived neurotrophic factor and tyrosine kinase receptor B blocks epileptogenesis in the human temporal lobe epilepsy hippocampus.
57  valproic acid-exposed ICR
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2019 Pharmacological modulation of AMPA receptor rescues social impairments in animal models of autism.
58  Valsalva-provoking activities
(1 time)
Headache
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2007 Migraine, patent foramen ovale and migraine triggers.
59  vanilpyruvic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AADC (1 time)
AVA (1 time)
NAT (1 time)
2006 Aromatic l-aminoacid decarboxylase deficiency: unusual neonatal presentation and additional findings in organic acid analysis.
60  variables affecting the valproate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Determinants of free serum valproate concentration: A prospective study in patients on divalproex sodium monotherapy.
61  Variance partitioning canonical correspondence analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LDA (1 time)
NMDS (1 time)
2017 Vertical and horizontal assemblage patterns of bacterial communities in a eutrophic river receiving domestic wastewater in southeast China.
62  Variant Pattern Analyzer
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
--- 2012 VPA: an R tool for analyzing sequencing variants with user-specified frequency pattern.
63  vasomotor perfusion apparatus
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
NE (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1997 The impact of balloon embolectomy on the function and morphology of the endothelium.
64  vasopressin
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1978 Direct effect of physiological doses of arginine vasopressin on the arterial wall in vivo.
65  vasopressin antagonists
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
SIADH (1 time)
2010 [Vasopressin receptor antagonists: the vaptans].
66  vector propagation algorithm
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LBBB (1 time)
RBBB (1 time)
2002 [Vector propagation algorithm based ECG simulation of bundle branch block].
67  vein patch angioplasty
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
1987 The geometry and mechanics of saphenous vein patch angioplasty after carotid endarterectomy.
68  vein posterior to the artery
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
VAA (1 time)
1998 Effects of hypertension on the retinal vein width at the retinal arterio-venous crossings.
69  ventral prearcuate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2015 A Source for Feature-Based Attention in the Prefrontal Cortex.
70  Verbal Paired Associates I & II
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
JLO (1 time)
2000 Sex differences on the WMS-III: findings concerning verbal paired associates and faces.
71  verbal paired-associate
(1 time)
Behavior, Animal
(1 time)
HFS (1 time)
2016 A high-fat high-sugar diet predicts poorer hippocampal-related memory and a reduced ability to suppress wanting under satiety.
72  verbal parental aggression
(1 time)
Family Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2014 Exposure to Verbal Parental Aggression and Sexual Activity among Low Income African American Youth.
73  vertebral pseudoarthrosis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
VCFs (1 time)
2006 Pseudoarthrosis of vertebral fracture: radiographic and characteristic clinical features and natural history.
74  vertical palpebral aperture
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
DFG (1 time)
2018 Long-term outcomes after cosmetic customized prostheses and dermis fat graft in congenital anophthalmia: a retrospective multicentre study.
75  vesicopreputial anastomosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2017 Vesicopreputial anastomosis for the treatment of obstructive urolithiasis in goats.
76  Viable Population Analysis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CITES (1 time)
NTAs (1 time)
2013 Best management strategies for sustainable giant clam fishery in French Polynesia islands: answers from a spatial modeling approach.
77  vibrational photoacoustic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Label-free bond-selective imaging by listening to vibrationally excited molecules.
78  vibratory proprioceptive assistance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
PM (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 Functional impact of vibratory proprioceptive assistance in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
79  video-based preference assessment
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 An Investigation of a Video-Based Preference Assessment of Social Interactions.
80  vigorous activity per day
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LBM (1 time)
LVDD (1 time)
max-HR (1 time)
2007 Gender differences and determinants of aerobic fitness in children aged 8-11 years.
81  vigorous physical
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Physical activity levels in family child care homes.
82  vigorous physical activity per day
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LVDD (1 time)
2009 Objectively measured daily physical activity related to cardiac size in young children.
83  vincristine, prednisone and adriamycin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
VP (1 time)
VPD (1 time)
1977 Clinical and cytokinetic aspects of remission induction of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): addition of an anthracycline to vincristine and prednisone.
84  viral protein antigens
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
G-MuLV (1 time)
1979 Murine leukemia virus-associated cell surface antigens in rats neonatally infected with Gross murine leukemia virus.
85  virtual patient activity
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2017 Virtual Pediatric Patient Activities With Randomized Scenarios as an Instructional Tool for Pharmacy Students.
86  virtual-pair approximation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CEs (1 time)
NVPA (1 time)
2007 Effect of removing the no-virtual-pair approximation on the correlation energy of the He isoelectronic sequence.
87  virus precipitation assay
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
HLAs (1 time)
MDMs (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
1999 The presence and absence of histocompatibility antigens in HIV type 1 produced by autologous blood-derived macrophages and peripheral blood lymphoblasts.
88  visceral pseudoaneurysms
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
VA (1 time)
2012 Endovascular treatment of visceral aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms: long-term outcomes from a multicenter European study.
89  vision, as well as a previously uncharacterized 'ventral polarization area
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DRA (1 time)
POL (1 time)
2014 Differences in neural circuitry guiding behavioral responses to polarized light presented to either the dorsal or ventral retina in Drosophila.
90  visual acuity and ability to perform the focusing task
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
2000 Neuroanatomical correlates of the near response: voluntary modulation of accommodation/vergence in the human visual system.
91  Visual Paired Association
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ECT (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
TOHP (1 time)
2000 The effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on implicit memory: skill learning and perceptual priming in patients with major depression.
92  visual preference assessment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2008 Visual preference and ecological assessments for designed alternative brownfield rehabilitations.
93  visual processing areas
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
fROIs (1 time)
2015 Altered food-cue processing in chronically ill and recovered women with anorexia nervosa.
94  Vocal Profile Analysis Scheme
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2004 The reliability of three perceptual evaluation scales for dysphonia.
95  voluntary positive accommodation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
2000 Neuroanatomical correlates of the near response: voluntary modulation of accommodation/vergence in the human visual system.
96  VP orifice area
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
22qDS (1 time)
VP (1 time)
VPD (1 time)
2015 The Effect of Loudness Variation on Velopharyngeal Function in Children with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome: A Pilot Study.
97  VPA mice
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PTEN (1 time)
2016 Early Behavioral Abnormalities and Perinatal Alterations of PTEN/AKT Pathway in Valproic Acid Autism Model Mice.
98  VPA-exposed male
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
HCN (1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
2016 Prenatal Valproate Exposure Differentially Affects Parvalbumin-Expressing Neurons and Related Circuits in the Cortex and Striatum of Mice.