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Abbreviation: VR
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Long forms: 349

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
virtual reality
(2098 times)
Medical Informatics
(290 times)
AR (52 times)
HMD (36 times)
PTSD (32 times)
1993 Virtual reality: applications in medicine and psychiatry.
volume rendering
(203 times)
Radiology
(85 times)
MIP (97 times)
MPR (66 times)
CT (31 times)
1994 [Evaluation of time of flight MR angiography for stenotic arterial lesions: including comparison of maximum intensity projection and volume rendering technique].
virological response
(158 times)
Gastroenterology
(54 times)
CHB (63 times)
HBV (31 times)
HBeAg (29 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
vocational rehabilitation
(147 times)
Rehabilitation
(54 times)
ICF (14 times)
RTW (14 times)
TBI (10 times)
1975 Correlation of psychophysiologic variables with vocational rehabilitation outcome in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
variable region
(135 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(44 times)
FR (20 times)
EMG (6 times)
IRT (4 times)
1979 Primary structure of a human IgA1 immunoglobulin. IV. Streptococcal IgA1 protease, digestion, Fab and Fc fragments, and the complete amino acid sequence of the alpha 1 heavy chain.
vestibular rehabilitation
(77 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
DHI (14 times)
BPPV (6 times)
BVH (4 times)
1993 Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rehabilitation for bilateral vestibular hypofunction: preliminary report.
vascular resistance
(74 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
BF (14 times)
HR (14 times)
MAP (11 times)
1976 The influence of pulmonary blood flow rate on vascular input impedance and hydraulic power in the sympathetically and noradrenaline stimulated cat lung.
valve replacement
(50 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CABG (21 times)
CI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
1985 Incidence and clinical significance of accelerated junctional rhythm following open heart surgery.
volume ratio
(48 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
FA (19 times)
DTI (14 times)
RA (14 times)
1999 A study of rotationally invariant and symmetric indices of diffusion anisotropy.
10  ventral root
(47 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
DR (21 times)
SCI (3 times)
DRG (2 times)
1975 Procion yellow staining of motoneurones in the frog.
11  ventilation rate
(43 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
HR (8 times)
PIP (5 times)
TBI (3 times)
1981 The ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in the Ama.
12  ventricular rate
(38 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
AF (26 times)
CI (5 times)
AV (4 times)
1983 Q-T interval in congenital complete heart block.
13  vitreoretinal
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
PVR (5 times)
RRD (5 times)
GA (4 times)
1997 [Lenticular-vitreoretinal surgery for complicated retinal detachment].
14  ventricular repolarization
(31 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
HR (6 times)
MCG (6 times)
VCG (6 times)
1994 Clinical relevance of assessing QT dynamicity in Holter recordings.
15  volume-rendered
(29 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
MPR (8 times)
CT (6 times)
MIP (4 times)
2000 CT angiography of thoracic outlet syndrome: evaluation of imaging protocols for the detection of arterial stenosis.
16  venous return
(28 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CO (12 times)
RAP (5 times)
BP (2 times)
1978 Direct recording of cardiac output- and venous return-curves in the dog heart-lung preparation for a graphical analysis of the effects of cardioactive drugs.
17  Valsalva ratio
(26 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
HR (7 times)
BP (4 times)
MI (4 times)
1982 Relationship of the Valsalva ratio to autonomic neuropathy and other complications of diabetes mellitus.
18  vascular resection
(25 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
IR (3 times)
PD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1993 Cellular versus vascular rejection in transplant kidneys. Correlation of radionuclide and Doppler studies with histology.
19  vanilloid receptor
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DRG (4 times)
CB (2 times)
COX (2 times)
1999 The cloned rat vanilloid receptor VR1 mediates both R-type binding and C-type calcium response in dorsal root ganglion neurons.
20  ventricular remodeling
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
MI (8 times)
AMI (5 times)
HF (4 times)
1993 [Infarction expansion and ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction].
21  vascular reactivity
(19 times)
Science
(3 times)
AD (4 times)
CBF (4 times)
OEF (4 times)
1983 Effect of indapamide on the baroreceptor reflex in essential hypertension.
22  velocity ratio
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
PSV (8 times)
DUS (4 times)
PVS (3 times)
1993 A prospective study of the natural history of femoropopliteal artery stenosis using duplex ultrasound.
23  vancomycin-resistant
(18 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
VS (4 times)
MRSA (3 times)
ESBL (2 times)
1998 Use of molecular and reference susceptibility testing methods in a multicenter evaluation of MicroScan dried overnight gram-positive MIC panels for detection of vancomycin and high-level aminoglycoside resistances in enterococci.
24  vital registration
(18 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
VA (4 times)
SDI (3 times)
CMNN (2 times)
2005 No cry at birth: global estimates of intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths.
25  voice recognition
(18 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
PACS (3 times)
DT (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
1997 Dysarthric speech: a comparison of computerized speech recognition and listener intelligibility.
26  ventilatory response
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
HRR (3 times)
VE (3 times)
SD (2 times)
1983 The effects of unilateral carotid body excision on ventilatory control in goats.
27  Visual Reproduction
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
LM (9 times)
WMS (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1982 Neuropsychological dysfunction following elective cardiac operation. I. Early assessment.
28  viral response
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
AF (3 times)
HBeAg (3 times)
LDLT (3 times)
2007 [Evaluation of the vagal activity by the Deep-Breathing test].
29  vasectomy reversal
(14 times)
Urology
(11 times)
EV (2 times)
PVPS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
2006 Vasectomy reversal: new techniques and role in the era of intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
30  verapamil
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADM (5 times)
TR (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1985 Systemic influence of intravesical chemotherapy with verapamil.
31  virological rebound
(12 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
VL (4 times)
cART (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
2004 Long-term virological outcome and resistance mutations at virological rebound in HIV-infected adults on protease inhibitor-sparing highly active antiretroviral therapy.
32  vascular ring
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CHD (2 times)
BD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 [Vascular ring: classification, clinical aspects, diagnosis and principles of surgical treatment].
33  vascular remodeling
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AFs (2 times)
AS (2 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
2001 Shear-stress and wall-stress regulation of vascular remodeling after balloon angioplasty: effect of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition.
34  Virchow-Robin
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MR (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1998 Dilated Virchow-Robin spaces: MRI pathological study.
35  vomeronasal receptor
(9 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
OR (3 times)
AOB (2 times)
MOE (2 times)
2000 Sequence diversity and genomic organization of vomeronasal receptor genes in the mouse.
36  Valsalva Manoeuvre
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
DB (5 times)
LS (4 times)
SHG (4 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
37  variance
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
VA (4 times)
SBP (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
1995 Diallel analysis for mineral element absorption in tropical adapted soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill].
38  vesamicol receptor
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ABV (2 times)
AcCh (1 time)
AcChT (1 time)
1992 A kinetic and allosteric model for the acetylcholine transporter-vesamicol receptor in synaptic vesicles.
39  volume reduction
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
UAE (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1996 Rapid shortening during relaxation increases activation and improves systolic performance.
40  Russian VX
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
AVZ (1 time)
2011 Immobilization of Russian VX skin depots by localized cooling: implications for decontamination and medical countermeasures.
41  variability ratio
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
CVR (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2004 Quantifying postural tremor in workers exposed to low levels of manganese.
42  vasa recta
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MTAL (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1980 How descending limb of Henle's loop permeability affects hypertonic urine formation.
43  ventricular response
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AF (7 times)
AA (2 times)
ABS (2 times)
1998 Circadian rhythms of atrioventricular conduction properties in chronic atrial fibrillation with and without heart failure.
44  vertebral rotation
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AIS (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2011 Does lateral vertebral translation correspond to Cobb angle and relate in the same way to axial vertebral rotation and rib hump index? A radiographic analysis on idiopathic scoliosis.
45  vitronectin receptor
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
EMPa (3 times)
ED (2 times)
HC (1 time)
1993 Cultured circulating mononuclear cells from osteopetrotic infants express the osteoclast-associated vitronectin receptor and form multinucleated cells in response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
46  residual volume
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CPT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1986 [Evaluation of the efficacy of the surgical treatment of panlobular emphysema].
47  vein resection
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
ASA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2006 Pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesentericoportal vein resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head.
48  venous resection
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
ADHP (1 time)
2014 Benefit from synchronous portal-superior mesenteric vein resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer: a meta-analysis.
49  Vibration-reducing
(6 times)
Human Engineering
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
2013 Vibration-reducing gloves: transmissibility at the palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions.
50  vibrational resonance
(6 times)
Physical Phenomena
(2 times)
SR (1 time)
2010 High-frequency and low-frequency effects on vibrational resonance in a synthetic gene network.
51  vacuum residue
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CID-FTICR MS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2012 Total sulfur determination in residues of crude oil distillation using FT-IR/ATR and variable selection methods.
52  vaginal ring
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AEs (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
ARV (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of combined contraceptive vaginal rings in Norway.
53  valvular regurgitation
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
Ao (2 times)
Pu (2 times)
ATa (1 time)
2002 [Comparison between biventricular cine MRI and MR flow quantification in ascending aorta and pulmonary outflow tract for the assessment of intracardial shunt volumes].
54  variable repeat
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
DGRs (5 times)
TR (4 times)
Avd (1 time)
2008 Diversity-generating retroelement homing regenerates target sequences for repeated rounds of codon rewriting and protein diversification.
55  variable resistance
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
FWR (2 times)
1978 Variable resistance versus constant resistance strength training in adult males.
56  vasoreactivity
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CBFV (4 times)
TCD (3 times)
MCA (2 times)
1999 Impaired vasoreactivity of the basilar artery system in patients with brainstem lacunar infarcts.
57  vertical recession
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAL (3 times)
HR (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2013 Treatment of localized gingival recessions using gingival unit grafts: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
58  virtual reference
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DUMCL (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FVR (1 time)
2003 Planning, implementing, and using a virtual reference service.
59  visitation rate
(5 times)
Plants
(1 time)
CZ (1 time)
GO (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
1994 Electrophysiologic noninvasives parameters in patients with sick sinus syndrome and syncopal attacks.
60  volume responders
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1983 Patterns of response to inhaled bronchodilators in asthmatics.
61  varicocele repair
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
TMC (2 times)
2016 Undergoing varicocele repair before assisted reproduction improves pregnancy rate and live birth rate in azoospermic and oligospermic men with a varicocele: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
62  varus
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VL (4 times)
EXT (2 times)
INT (2 times)
2001 Design and validation of an unconstrained loading system to measure the envelope of motion in the rabbit knee joint.
63  Vascular Registry
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CAS (4 times)
MI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
2009 Risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes of carotid stenting and endarterectomy: results from the SVS Vascular Registry.
64  venous reconstruction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CFDS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1992 Long-term results of venous reconstruction after vascular trauma in civilian practice.
65  ventral rectopexy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
FI (2 times)
ODS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2010 Systematic review on ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse and intussusception.
66  ventriculophasic response
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2012 The ventriculophasic response revisited: analysis of clinical correlations using a new proposed definition derived in pacemaker patients.
67  vibrational relaxation
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
2DIR (1 time)
BCBD (1 time)
2010 Vibrational energy relaxation of liquid aryl-halides X-C6H5 (X = F, Cl, Br, I).
68  vinylphenol reductase
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CD (4 times)
RAPD (2 times)
HCAs (1 time)
2008 Purification and characterization of a p-coumarate decarboxylase and a vinylphenol reductase from Brettanomyces bruxellensis.
69  vision rehabilitation
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
OT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CIHI (1 time)
2011 The cost of vision loss in Canada. 1. Methodology.
70  Visual Reproduction subtest
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CVMT (1 time)
EPAT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1990 Analysis of gender effects upon verbal and visual memory performance in adults.
71  vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HP (3 times)
HLE (2 times)
VG (2 times)
2010 HPLC determination of five polyphenols in rat plasma after intravenous administration of hawthorn leaves extract and its application to pharmacokinetic study.
72  vitreal reflux
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
DME (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
DPTI (1 time)
2013 Comparing the effects of three different intravitreal injection techniques on vitreous reflux and intraocular pressure.
73  volume resuscitation
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
1999 Continuous dose furosemide as a therapeutic approach to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
74  volumetric resection
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
APBI (1 time)
BCT (1 time)
1998 Volume of resection in patients treated with breast conservation for ductal carcinoma in situ.
75  vaginal recurrence
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
2007 Role of systematic lymphadenectomy and adjuvant therapy in stage I uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
76  variant receptor
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
WTR (3 times)
Bmax (1 time)
1998 Genetic variation in human 5-HT receptors: potential pathogenetic and pharmacological role.
77  variation
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
LDSS (3 times)
MD (2 times)
2007 A strategy on constructing core collections by least distance stepwise sampling.
78  vasa recta blood
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
OTA (2 times)
DT (1 time)
1996 Changes in the countercurrent system in the renal papilla: diuresis increases pH and HCO3- gradients between collecting duct and vasa recta.
79  vascular responders
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
MR (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
2006 Central angiotensin II receptors mediate hemodynamic response variability to stressors.
80  vascular responsiveness
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CCB (1 time)
CTD-PAH (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
1989 [Responsiveness of peripheral blood vessels to physiologically vasoactive agents in myocardial infarct].
81  ventral-rostral
(3 times)
Cerebellum
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1990 [The tonotopic organization of the ventrorostral zone of the cortical auditory area AII in the cat].
82  ventricular rupture
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EVD (1 time)
1989 External ventricular drainage and passive vs. active neurosurgical intervention in the management of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage with rupture into the ventricles.
83  Verbal Reasoning
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
ELLs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MCAT (1 time)
1992 Effects of caffeine, time of day and user history on study-related performance.
84  verbal rehearsal
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MI (1 time)
MO-numeral (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2003 Differential activity in the premotor cortex subdivisions in humans during mental calculation and verbal rehearsal tasks: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
85  verbal report
(3 times)
Behavioral Research
(1 time)
CMDL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of response methods for the localization of nearby objects.
86  vertebrae
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
Cr (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
1992 Regional vascular responses to thromboxane A2 analogue and their blockade with vapiprost, a selective thromboxane receptor blocking drug, in anesthetized dogs.
87  virtual rehabilitation
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
CP (1 time)
FMA (1 time)
2014 The role of virtual motor rehabilitation: a quantitative analysis between acute and chronic patients with acquired brain injury.
88  virus rating
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HCMV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1985 Activity of selenazofurin against influenza A and B viruses in vitro.
89  visual range
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PM (2 times)
IMPROVE (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2011 Visual range trends in the Yangtze River Delta Region of China, 1981-2005.
90  visual reception
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
att (1 time)
CMF (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2010 Developmental and behavioral performance of internationally adopted preschoolers: a pilot study.
91  vocational rehabilitation services
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
2007 Rural access to vocational rehabilitation services: minority farmers' perspective.
92  volume reconstruction
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
MPR (2 times)
CT (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2006 [Pelvic artery representation on three-dimensional reconstructed multislice spiral CT images: variability between the young and the elderly].
93  voluntary running
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CPP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAG (1 time)
2007 Voluntary running improves in vivo insulin resistance in high-salt diet fed rats.
94  alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl vincosamide
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
beta-MHC (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
2013 Cardioprotective potential of N,alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl vincosamide, an indole alkaloid, isolated from the leaves of Moringa oleifera in isoproterenol induced cardiotoxic rats: in vivo and in vitro studies.
95  environments-virtual reality
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EWDs (1 time)
2014 Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.
96  retention volumes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IGC (1 time)
1983 A simplified high-pressure liquid chromatography method for determining lipophilicity for structure-activity relationships.
97  running velocity
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
LS (1 time)
Tb (1 time)
1985 Thermal dependence of isotonic contractile properties of skeletal muscle and sprint performance of the lizard Dipsosaurus dorsalis.
98  vaccine response
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GMTs (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2013 Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) administered to adults aged 56 Years and older: results of an open-label, randomized, controlled trial.
99  Valencia Region
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HBP (1 time)
OI (1 time)
1998 [Prevalence and control of arterial hypertension in the adult population of the Valencian community, 1994].
100  valid rate
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CNAT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2015 Electroencephalogram valid rate in simple reaction time task as an easy index of children's attention functions.