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Abbreviation: VR
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Long forms: 452

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
virtual reality
(4601 times)
Medical Informatics
(550 times)
AR (189 times)
HMD (104 times)
EEG (86 times)
1993 Virtual reality: applications in medicine and psychiatry.
volume rendering
(227 times)
Radiology
(91 times)
MIP (103 times)
MPR (73 times)
CT (35 times)
1994 [Evaluation of time of flight MR angiography for stenotic arterial lesions: including comparison of maximum intensity projection and volume rendering technique].
vocational rehabilitation
(194 times)
Rehabilitation
(64 times)
RTW (22 times)
TBI (17 times)
ICF (14 times)
1975 Correlation of psychophysiologic variables with vocational rehabilitation outcome in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
virological response
(188 times)
Gastroenterology
(64 times)
CHB (83 times)
HBeAg (38 times)
HBV (37 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
variable region
(152 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(46 times)
FR (21 times)
EMG (7 times)
ICC (4 times)
1979 Primary structure of a human IgA1 immunoglobulin. IV. Streptococcal IgA1 protease, digestion, Fab and Fc fragments, and the complete amino acid sequence of the alpha 1 heavy chain.
vestibular rehabilitation
(116 times)
Otolaryngology
(26 times)
DHI (22 times)
BPPV (11 times)
CDP (7 times)
1993 Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rehabilitation for bilateral vestibular hypofunction: preliminary report.
vascular resistance
(75 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
BF (15 times)
HR (14 times)
MAP (11 times)
1976 The influence of pulmonary blood flow rate on vascular input impedance and hydraulic power in the sympathetically and noradrenaline stimulated cat lung.
ventilation rate
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HR (8 times)
PIP (5 times)
PEEP (3 times)
1981 The ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in the Ama.
volume ratio
(60 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
FA (20 times)
DTI (15 times)
RA (15 times)
1999 A study of rotationally invariant and symmetric indices of diffusion anisotropy.
10  vitreoretinal
(57 times)
Ophthalmology
(39 times)
RRD (7 times)
RD (6 times)
GA (5 times)
1997 [Lenticular-vitreoretinal surgery for complicated retinal detachment].
11  valve replacement
(53 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CABG (23 times)
CI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
1985 Incidence and clinical significance of accelerated junctional rhythm following open heart surgery.
12  ventral root
(52 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
DR (24 times)
EMG (3 times)
SCI (3 times)
1975 Procion yellow staining of motoneurones in the frog.
13  ventricular rate
(47 times)
Cardiology
(31 times)
AF (35 times)
CI (5 times)
AV (4 times)
1983 Q-T interval in congenital complete heart block.
14  ventricular repolarization
(40 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
HR (8 times)
MCG (6 times)
VCG (6 times)
1994 Clinical relevance of assessing QT dynamicity in Holter recordings.
15  volume-rendered
(35 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
CT (9 times)
MPR (9 times)
MIP (8 times)
2000 CT angiography of thoracic outlet syndrome: evaluation of imaging protocols for the detection of arterial stenosis.
16  vascular resection
(33 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
PD (4 times)
PVR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1993 Cellular versus vascular rejection in transplant kidneys. Correlation of radionuclide and Doppler studies with histology.
17  Valsalva ratio
(32 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
HR (8 times)
BP (7 times)
BRS (6 times)
1982 Relationship of the Valsalva ratio to autonomic neuropathy and other complications of diabetes mellitus.
18  venous return
(32 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CO (14 times)
RAP (5 times)
BP (2 times)
1978 Direct recording of cardiac output- and venous return-curves in the dog heart-lung preparation for a graphical analysis of the effects of cardioactive drugs.
19  ventricular remodeling
(32 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
MI (11 times)
AMI (10 times)
HF (7 times)
1993 [Infarction expansion and ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction].
20  vasectomy reversal
(25 times)
Urology
(17 times)
EV (3 times)
IVF (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2006 Vasectomy reversal: new techniques and role in the era of intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
21  vagal response
(23 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
GP (5 times)
AF (4 times)
HBeAg (4 times)
2007 [Evaluation of the vagal activity by the Deep-Breathing test].
22  velocity ratio
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
PSV (8 times)
DUS (4 times)
PVS (3 times)
1993 A prospective study of the natural history of femoropopliteal artery stenosis using duplex ultrasound.
23  vanilloid receptor
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DRG (4 times)
CB (2 times)
COX (2 times)
1999 The cloned rat vanilloid receptor VR1 mediates both R-type binding and C-type calcium response in dorsal root ganglion neurons.
24  vascular reactivity
(21 times)
Science
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
CBF (4 times)
OEF (4 times)
1983 Effect of indapamide on the baroreceptor reflex in essential hypertension.
25  ventilatory response
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
VE (4 times)
HRR (3 times)
IPAH (2 times)
1983 The effects of unilateral carotid body excision on ventilatory control in goats.
26  vital registration
(21 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
VA (4 times)
SDI (3 times)
CMNN (2 times)
2005 No cry at birth: global estimates of intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths.
27  voice recognition
(21 times)
Radiology
(12 times)
PACS (3 times)
DT (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
1997 Dysarthric speech: a comparison of computerized speech recognition and listener intelligibility.
28  vancomycin-resistant
(19 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
VS (5 times)
MRSA (3 times)
ESBL (2 times)
1998 Use of molecular and reference susceptibility testing methods in a multicenter evaluation of MicroScan dried overnight gram-positive MIC panels for detection of vancomycin and high-level aminoglycoside resistances in enterococci.
29  Visual Reproduction
(18 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
LM (10 times)
WMS (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1982 Neuropsychological dysfunction following elective cardiac operation. I. Early assessment.
30  virological rebound
(17 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
VL (4 times)
VS (4 times)
cART (3 times)
2003 Long-term virological outcome and resistance mutations at virological rebound in HIV-infected adults on protease inhibitor-sparing highly active antiretroviral therapy.
31  variability ratio
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
CVR (6 times)
CHR-P (2 times)
CO (2 times)
2004 Quantifying postural tremor in workers exposed to low levels of manganese.
32  verapamil
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADM (5 times)
TR (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1985 Systemic influence of intravesical chemotherapy with verapamil.
33  vascular ring
(13 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CHD (2 times)
BD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 [Vascular ring: classification, clinical aspects, diagnosis and principles of surgical treatment].
34  vertebral rotation
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
HR (4 times)
AIS (2 times)
FAZ (2 times)
2011 Does lateral vertebral translation correspond to Cobb angle and relate in the same way to axial vertebral rotation and rib hump index? A radiographic analysis on idiopathic scoliosis.
35  vascular remodeling
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AFs (2 times)
AS (2 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
2001 Shear-stress and wall-stress regulation of vascular remodeling after balloon angioplasty: effect of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition.
36  venous resection
(12 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
PDAC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2014 Benefit from synchronous portal-superior mesenteric vein resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer: a meta-analysis.
37  vibrational resonance
(11 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
SR (2 times)
PDM (1 time)
VCSEL (1 time)
2010 High-frequency and low-frequency effects on vibrational resonance in a synthetic gene network.
38  virtual
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AR (6 times)
MR (3 times)
DM (1 time)
2010 On the use of virtual and augmented reality for upper limb prostheses training and simulation.
39  vaginal ring
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
ARV (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of combined contraceptive vaginal rings in Norway.
40  Virchow-Robin
(10 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
MR (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CM (2 times)
1998 Dilated Virchow-Robin spaces: MRI pathological study.
41  vomeronasal receptor
(10 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
AOB (3 times)
OR (3 times)
MOE (2 times)
2000 Sequence diversity and genomic organization of vomeronasal receptor genes in the mouse.
42  vaccination rate
(9 times)
Genetic Markers
(1 time)
ABCI (1 time)
AC (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
1994 Electrophysiologic noninvasives parameters in patients with sick sinus syndrome and syncopal attacks.
43  variance
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
VA (4 times)
SBP (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
1995 Diallel analysis for mineral element absorption in tropical adapted soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill].
44  vein resection
(8 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
ASA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2006 Pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesentericoportal vein resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head.
45  ventricular response
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AF (8 times)
AA (2 times)
ABS (2 times)
1998 Circadian rhythms of atrioventricular conduction properties in chronic atrial fibrillation with and without heart failure.
46  vesamicol receptor
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ABV (2 times)
AcCh (1 time)
AcChT (1 time)
1992 A kinetic and allosteric model for the acetylcholine transporter-vesamicol receptor in synaptic vesicles.
47  vitreous reflux
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
DME (3 times)
IOP (3 times)
AMD (1 time)
2012 Comparing the effects of three different intravitreal injection techniques on vitreous reflux and intraocular pressure.
48  volume reduction
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
UAE (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1996 Rapid shortening during relaxation increases activation and improves systolic performance.
49  Russian VX
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
AVZ (1 time)
2011 Immobilization of Russian VX skin depots by localized cooling: implications for decontamination and medical countermeasures.
50  valvular regurgitation
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
Ao (2 times)
Pu (2 times)
ATA (1 time)
2002 [Comparison between biventricular cine MRI and MR flow quantification in ascending aorta and pulmonary outflow tract for the assessment of intracardial shunt volumes].
51  variable repeat
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
DGRs (6 times)
TR (5 times)
Avd (1 time)
2008 Diversity-generating retroelement homing regenerates target sequences for repeated rounds of codon rewriting and protein diversification.
52  vasa recta
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MTAL (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1980 How descending limb of Henle's loop permeability affects hypertonic urine formation.
53  vibration-reducing
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
2013 Vibration-reducing gloves: transmissibility at the palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions.
54  violent radicalization
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CI (1 time)
RIS (1 time)
2019 Current Challenges in Addressing Youth Mental Health in the Context of Violent Radicalization.
55  vitronectin receptor
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
EMPa (3 times)
ED (2 times)
HC (1 time)
1993 Cultured circulating mononuclear cells from osteopetrotic infants express the osteoclast-associated vitronectin receptor and form multinucleated cells in response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
56  residual volume
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CPT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1986 [Evaluation of the efficacy of the surgical treatment of panlobular emphysema].
57  vacuum residue
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CID-FTICR MS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2012 Total sulfur determination in residues of crude oil distillation using FT-IR/ATR and variable selection methods.
58  variable resistance
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
FWR (2 times)
1978 Variable resistance versus constant resistance strength training in adult males.
59  varicocele repair
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
TMC (2 times)
2016 Undergoing varicocele repair before assisted reproduction improves pregnancy rate and live birth rate in azoospermic and oligospermic men with a varicocele: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
60  vasoreactivity
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CBFV (5 times)
TCD (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1999 Impaired vasoreactivity of the basilar artery system in patients with brainstem lacunar infarcts.
61  vibrational relaxation
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ISC (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2DIR (1 time)
2010 Vibrational energy relaxation of liquid aryl-halides X-C6H5 (X = F, Cl, Br, I).
62  Viking Red
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HO (6 times)
MO (6 times)
CR (1 time)
2017 Production and calving traits of Montbeliarde Holstein and Viking Red Holstein cows compared with pure Holstein cows during first lactation in 8 commercial dairy herds.
63  vascular responders
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
MR (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
2006 Central angiotensin II receptors mediate hemodynamic response variability to stressors.
64  venous reconstruction
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CFDS (1 time)
MIPD (1 time)
MIPDV (1 time)
1992 Long-term results of venous reconstruction after vascular trauma in civilian practice.
65  ventral rectopexy
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
FI (2 times)
ODS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2009 Systematic review on ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse and intussusception.
66  vertical recession
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAL (3 times)
HR (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2012 Treatment of localized gingival recessions using gingival unit grafts: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
67  video recording
(5 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
GDPR (1 time)
HIPAA (1 time)
2017 Video recording of neonatal resuscitation: A feasibility study to inform widespread adoption.
68  vinegar residue
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
ARTP (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
2019 The use of coal fly ash and vinegar residue as additives in the two-stage composting of green waste.
69  virtual reference
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DUMCL (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FVR (1 time)
2003 Planning, implementing, and using a virtual reference service.
70  vision rehabilitation
(5 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
OT (3 times)
AI (1 time)
CIHI (1 time)
2011 The cost of vision loss in Canada. 1. Methodology.
71  vitexin-2-O-rhamnoside
(5 times)
Biological Factors
(2 times)
HP (3 times)
HLE (2 times)
VG (2 times)
2010 HPLC determination of five polyphenols in rat plasma after intravenous administration of hawthorn leaves extract and its application to pharmacokinetic study.
72  Vladimiriae Radix
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AR (3 times)
COS (2 times)
DEH (2 times)
2020 Analysis of the similarities and differences between Auclandia and Vladimirae rhizomes by chemical profiling and chemometric analysis.
73  volume responders
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1983 Patterns of response to inhaled bronchodilators in asthmatics.
74  Valsalva manoeuvre
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
CRRs (1 time)
DAN (1 time)
1989 Physiological and clinical correlates of cardiorespiratory reflexes in diabetes mellitus.
75  Valsalva Manoeuvre
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DB (4 times)
SHG (4 times)
LS (3 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
76  varus
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VL (4 times)
EXT (2 times)
INT (2 times)
2001 Design and validation of an unconstrained loading system to measure the envelope of motion in the rabbit knee joint.
77  Vascular Registry
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CAS (4 times)
MI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
2008 Risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes of carotid stenting and endarterectomy: results from the SVS Vascular Registry.
78  ventriculophasic response
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2011 The ventriculophasic response revisited: analysis of clinical correlations using a new proposed definition derived in pacemaker patients.
79  verbal report
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CMDL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of response methods for the localization of nearby objects.
80  vinylphenol reductase
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CD (4 times)
RAPD (2 times)
HCAs (1 time)
2008 Purification and characterization of a p-coumarate decarboxylase and a vinylphenol reductase from Brettanomyces bruxellensis.
81  virologic
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CHB (3 times)
BR (2 times)
ETV (2 times)
2009 Rapid HBV DNA decrease (week 12) is an important prognostic factor for first-line treatment with adefovir dipivoxil for chronic hepatitis B.
82  Virtuous Responding
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
DR (2 times)
PPI-R (2 times)
PIM (1 time)
2012 Examining the necessity for and utility of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) validity scales.
83  visual reception
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
EL (2 times)
RL (2 times)
RTT (2 times)
2009 Developmental and behavioral performance of internationally adopted preschoolers: a pilot study.
84  Visual Reproduction subtest
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CVMT (1 time)
EPAT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1990 Analysis of gender effects upon verbal and visual memory performance in adults.
85  voltage regulator
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DLT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
DSs (1 time)
2010 A pervasive visual-haptic framework for virtual delivery training.
86  volume reconstruction
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
MPR (2 times)
GFR (1 time)
2006 [Pelvic artery representation on three-dimensional reconstructed multislice spiral CT images: variability between the young and the elderly].
87  volume resuscitation
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
1999 Continuous dose furosemide as a therapeutic approach to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
88  volumetric resection
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
APBI (1 time)
BCT (1 time)
1998 Volume of resection in patients treated with breast conservation for ductal carcinoma in situ.
89  voluntary running
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMYG (1 time)
BA (1 time)
CeA (1 time)
2007 Voluntary running improves in vivo insulin resistance in high-salt diet fed rats.
90  vaccine response
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
Ag.pTfh (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2013 Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) administered to adults aged 56 Years and older: results of an open-label, randomized, controlled trial.
91  vaginal recurrence
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
2007 Role of systematic lymphadenectomy and adjuvant therapy in stage I uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
92  vaginal relapse
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2002 Outcome after salvage radiotherapy (brachytherapy +/- external) in patients with a vaginal recurrence from endometrial carcinomas.
93  variable
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ANOX (1 time)
cr (1 time)
Ox (1 time)
2008 Body weight manipulation, reinforcement value and choice between sucrose and wheel running: a behavioral economic analysis.
94  variance reduction
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MC (3 times)
TPS (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2001 [Foundations of the Monte Carlo method for dose calculation in radiotherapy].
95  variant receptor
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
WTR (3 times)
Bmax (1 time)
1999 Genetic variation in human 5-HT receptors: potential pathogenetic and pharmacological role.
96  variation
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
LDSS (3 times)
MD (2 times)
2007 A strategy on constructing core collections by least distance stepwise sampling.
97  vasa recta blood
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
OTA (2 times)
DT (1 time)
1996 Changes in the countercurrent system in the renal papilla: diuresis increases pH and HCO3- gradients between collecting duct and vasa recta.
98  vasopressin receptor
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
MS-USV (1 time)
OTR (1 time)
1995 Oxytocin receptor gene expression in female rat kidney. The effect of estrogen.
99  ventral-rostral
(3 times)
Cerebellum
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1990 [The tonotopic organization of the ventrorostral zone of the cortical auditory area AII in the cat].
100  ventricular rupture
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EVD (1 time)
1989 External ventricular drainage and passive vs. active neurosurgical intervention in the management of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage with rupture into the ventricles.