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Abbreviation: VR
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Long forms: 320

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
virtual reality
(1571 times)
Medical Informatics
(237 times)
AR (30 times)
PTSD (29 times)
HMD (28 times)
1993 Virtual reality: applications in medicine and psychiatry.
volume rendering
(188 times)
Radiology
(80 times)
MIP (95 times)
MPR (63 times)
CT (25 times)
1994 [Evaluation of time of flight MR angiography for stenotic arterial lesions: including comparison of maximum intensity projection and volume rendering technique].
virological response
(138 times)
Gastroenterology
(49 times)
CHB (49 times)
HBV (25 times)
HCV (25 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
variable region
(125 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(40 times)
FR (17 times)
EMG (6 times)
IRT (4 times)
1979 Primary structure of a human IgA1 immunoglobulin. IV. Streptococcal IgA1 protease, digestion, Fab and Fc fragments, and the complete amino acid sequence of the alpha 1 heavy chain.
vocational rehabilitation
(124 times)
Rehabilitation
(46 times)
ICF (12 times)
RTW (12 times)
FY (8 times)
1975 Correlation of psychophysiologic variables with vocational rehabilitation outcome in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
vascular resistance
(73 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
BF (14 times)
HR (14 times)
MAP (11 times)
1976 The influence of pulmonary blood flow rate on vascular input impedance and hydraulic power in the sympathetically and noradrenaline stimulated cat lung.
vestibular rehabilitation
(58 times)
Otolaryngology
(18 times)
DHI (11 times)
BPPV (5 times)
BVH (3 times)
1993 Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rehabilitation for bilateral vestibular hypofunction: preliminary report.
valve replacement
(46 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CABG (20 times)
CI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
1985 Incidence and clinical significance of accelerated junctional rhythm following open heart surgery.
ventral root
(45 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
DR (19 times)
SCI (3 times)
DRG (2 times)
1975 Procion yellow staining of motoneurones in the frog.
10  ventilation rate
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
HR (8 times)
PIP (5 times)
TBI (3 times)
1981 The ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in the Ama.
11  volume ratio
(40 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
FA (17 times)
DTI (13 times)
RA (12 times)
1999 A study of rotationally invariant and symmetric indices of diffusion anisotropy.
12  ventricular rate
(34 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
AF (23 times)
AV (3 times)
AVN (3 times)
1983 Q-T interval in congenital complete heart block.
13  ventricular repolarization
(29 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
HR (6 times)
VCG (6 times)
MCG (5 times)
1994 Clinical relevance of assessing QT dynamicity in Holter recordings.
14  venous return
(27 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CO (11 times)
RAP (5 times)
HR (2 times)
1978 Direct recording of cardiac output- and venous return-curves in the dog heart-lung preparation for a graphical analysis of the effects of cardioactive drugs.
15  volume-rendered
(27 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
MPR (7 times)
CT (5 times)
MDCT (3 times)
2000 CT angiography of thoracic outlet syndrome: evaluation of imaging protocols for the detection of arterial stenosis.
16  Valsalva ratio
(26 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
HR (7 times)
BP (4 times)
MI (4 times)
1982 Relationship of the Valsalva ratio to autonomic neuropathy and other complications of diabetes mellitus.
17  vitreoretinal
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
PVR (5 times)
GA (4 times)
LA (4 times)
1997 [Lenticular-vitreoretinal surgery for complicated retinal detachment].
18  vascular resection
(25 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
PD (4 times)
IR (3 times)
AOR (2 times)
1993 Cellular versus vascular rejection in transplant kidneys. Correlation of radionuclide and Doppler studies with histology.
19  vanilloid receptor
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DRG (4 times)
CB (2 times)
COX (2 times)
1999 The cloned rat vanilloid receptor VR1 mediates both R-type binding and C-type calcium response in dorsal root ganglion neurons.
20  vascular reactivity
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
CBF (4 times)
OEF (4 times)
1983 Effect of indapamide on the baroreceptor reflex in essential hypertension.
21  velocity ratio
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
PSV (8 times)
DUS (4 times)
PVS (3 times)
1993 A prospective study of the natural history of femoropopliteal artery stenosis using duplex ultrasound.
22  voice recognition
(18 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
PACS (3 times)
DT (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
1997 Dysarthric speech: a comparison of computerized speech recognition and listener intelligibility.
23  ventricular remodeling
(17 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MI (6 times)
AMI (4 times)
HF (4 times)
1993 [Infarction expansion and ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction].
24  Visual Reproduction
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
LM (9 times)
WMS (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1982 Neuropsychological dysfunction following elective cardiac operation. I. Early assessment.
25  vancomycin-resistant
(16 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
VS (4 times)
MRSA (2 times)
VRE (2 times)
1998 Use of molecular and reference susceptibility testing methods in a multicenter evaluation of MicroScan dried overnight gram-positive MIC panels for detection of vancomycin and high-level aminoglycoside resistances in enterococci.
26  ventilatory response
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
HRR (3 times)
VE (3 times)
VT (2 times)
1983 The effects of unilateral carotid body excision on ventilatory control in goats.
27  verapamil
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADM (5 times)
AN (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1985 Systemic influence of intravesical chemotherapy with verapamil.
28  viral response
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HBeAg (3 times)
LDLT (3 times)
PEG-IFN (3 times)
2007 [Evaluation of the vagal activity by the Deep-Breathing test].
29  vital registration
(13 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
VA (2 times)
CSMFs (1 time)
FBD (1 time)
2005 No cry at birth: global estimates of intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths.
30  vasectomy reversal
(12 times)
Urology
(11 times)
EV (2 times)
PVPS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
2006 Vasectomy reversal: new techniques and role in the era of intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
31  Valsalva Manoeuvre
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
DB (5 times)
LS (4 times)
SHG (4 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
32  variance
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
VA (4 times)
SBP (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
1995 Diallel analysis for mineral element absorption in tropical adapted soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill].
33  vesamicol receptor
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ABV (2 times)
AcCh (1 time)
AcChT (1 time)
1992 A kinetic and allosteric model for the acetylcholine transporter-vesamicol receptor in synaptic vesicles.
34  Virchow-Robin
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MR (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1998 Dilated Virchow-Robin spaces: MRI pathological study.
35  virological rebound
(8 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
cART (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2004 Long-term virological outcome and resistance mutations at virological rebound in HIV-infected adults on protease inhibitor-sparing highly active antiretroviral therapy.
36  vomeronasal receptor
(8 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
OR (3 times)
AOB (2 times)
MOE (2 times)
2000 Sequence diversity and genomic organization of vomeronasal receptor genes in the mouse.
37  vasa recta
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MTAL (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1980 How descending limb of Henle's loop permeability affects hypertonic urine formation.
38  vitronectin receptor
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EMPa (3 times)
ED (2 times)
HC (1 time)
1993 Cultured circulating mononuclear cells from osteopetrotic infants express the osteoclast-associated vitronectin receptor and form multinucleated cells in response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
39  residual volume
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CPT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1986 [Evaluation of the efficacy of the surgical treatment of panlobular emphysema].
40  vascular remodeling
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AFs (2 times)
SS (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
2001 Shear-stress and wall-stress regulation of vascular remodeling after balloon angioplasty: effect of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition.
41  vascular risk
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1990 [Vascular ring: classification, clinical aspects, diagnosis and principles of surgical treatment].
42  ventricular response
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (6 times)
AA (2 times)
ABS (2 times)
1998 Circadian rhythms of atrioventricular conduction properties in chronic atrial fibrillation with and without heart failure.
43  virtual reference
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
EMG (2 times)
PNS (2 times)
USEA (2 times)
2003 Planning, implementing, and using a virtual reference service.
44  volume reduction
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ABSI (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1996 Rapid shortening during relaxation increases activation and improves systolic performance.
45  vacuum residue
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CID-FTICR MS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2012 Total sulfur determination in residues of crude oil distillation using FT-IR/ATR and variable selection methods.
46  valvular regurgitation
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
Ao (2 times)
Pu (2 times)
ATa (1 time)
2002 [Comparison between biventricular cine MRI and MR flow quantification in ascending aorta and pulmonary outflow tract for the assessment of intracardial shunt volumes].
47  variability ratio
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
HR (2 times)
CW (1 time)
2004 Quantifying postural tremor in workers exposed to low levels of manganese.
48  vein resection
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
ASA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2006 Pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesentericoportal vein resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head.
49  venous resection
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
ADHP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Benefit from synchronous portal-superior mesenteric vein resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer: a meta-analysis.
50  vertebral rotation
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AIS (1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2011 Does lateral vertebral translation correspond to Cobb angle and relate in the same way to axial vertebral rotation and rib hump index? A radiographic analysis on idiopathic scoliosis.
51  vertical recession
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAL (3 times)
HR (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2013 Treatment of localized gingival recessions using gingival unit grafts: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
52  validation rate
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CZ (1 time)
GO (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
1994 Electrophysiologic noninvasives parameters in patients with sick sinus syndrome and syncopal attacks.
53  variable repeat
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DGRs (4 times)
TR (3 times)
ldtA (1 time)
2008 Diversity-generating retroelement homing regenerates target sequences for repeated rounds of codon rewriting and protein diversification.
54  variable resistance
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1978 Variable resistance versus constant resistance strength training in adult males.
55  varus
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VL (4 times)
EXT (2 times)
INT (2 times)
2001 Design and validation of an unconstrained loading system to measure the envelope of motion in the rabbit knee joint.
56  Vascular Registry
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CAS (4 times)
MI (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
2009 Risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes of carotid stenting and endarterectomy: results from the SVS Vascular Registry.
57  vasoreactivity
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CBFV (3 times)
TCD (3 times)
MCA (2 times)
1999 Impaired vasoreactivity of the basilar artery system in patients with brainstem lacunar infarcts.
58  Vibration-reducing
(4 times)
Human Engineering
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
2013 Vibration-reducing gloves: transmissibility at the palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions.
59  vitexin-2-O-rhamnoside
(4 times)
Biological Factors
(2 times)
HP (3 times)
HLE (2 times)
VG (2 times)
2010 HPLC determination of five polyphenols in rat plasma after intravenous administration of hawthorn leaves extract and its application to pharmacokinetic study.
60  volume of retention
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
APBI (1 time)
BCT (1 time)
1998 Volume of resection in patients treated with breast conservation for ductal carcinoma in situ.
61  volume responders
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
1983 Patterns of response to inhaled bronchodilators in asthmatics.
62  volume resuscitation
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
1999 Continuous dose furosemide as a therapeutic approach to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
63  vaccine response
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
aP (1 time)
GMTs (1 time)
2013 Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) administered to adults aged 56 Years and older: results of an open-label, randomized, controlled trial.
64  vaginal relapse
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2002 Outcome after salvage radiotherapy (brachytherapy +/- external) in patients with a vaginal recurrence from endometrial carcinomas.
65  variance reduction
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
MC (3 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2001 [Foundations of the Monte Carlo method for dose calculation in radiotherapy].
66  variant receptor
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
WTR (3 times)
Bmax (1 time)
1998 Genetic variation in human 5-HT receptors: potential pathogenetic and pharmacological role.
67  variation
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
LDSS (3 times)
MD (2 times)
2007 A strategy on constructing core collections by least distance stepwise sampling.
68  vasa recta blood
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
OTA (2 times)
DT (1 time)
1996 Changes in the countercurrent system in the renal papilla: diuresis increases pH and HCO3- gradients between collecting duct and vasa recta.
69  vascular responders
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
MR (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
2006 Central angiotensin II receptors mediate hemodynamic response variability to stressors.
70  vascular responsiveness
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CCB (1 time)
CTD-PAH (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
1989 [Responsiveness of peripheral blood vessels to physiologically vasoactive agents in myocardial infarct].
71  venous reconstruction
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CFDS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1992 Long-term results of venous reconstruction after vascular trauma in civilian practice.
72  ventral rectopexy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
FI (1 time)
ODS (1 time)
ORP (1 time)
2010 Systematic review on ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse and intussusception.
73  ventral-rostral
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1990 [The tonotopic organization of the ventrorostral zone of the cortical auditory area AII in the cat].
74  ventricular rupture
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EVD (1 time)
1989 External ventricular drainage and passive vs. active neurosurgical intervention in the management of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage with rupture into the ventricles.
75  ventriculophasic response
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LVEF (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2012 The ventriculophasic response revisited: analysis of clinical correlations using a new proposed definition derived in pacemaker patients.
76  Verbal Reasoning
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
ELLs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MCAT (1 time)
1992 Effects of caffeine, time of day and user history on study-related performance.
77  verbal report
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CMDL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of response methods for the localization of nearby objects.
78  vertebrae
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
Cr (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
1992 Regional vascular responses to thromboxane A2 analogue and their blockade with vapiprost, a selective thromboxane receptor blocking drug, in anesthetized dogs.
79  vibrational relaxation
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
2DIR (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
2010 Vibrational energy relaxation of liquid aryl-halides X-C6H5 (X = F, Cl, Br, I).
80  vibrational resonance
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
SR (1 time)
2010 High-frequency and low-frequency effects on vibrational resonance in a synthetic gene network.
81  vinylphenol reductase
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
RAPD (2 times)
HCAs (1 time)
2008 Purification and characterization of a p-coumarate decarboxylase and a vinylphenol reductase from Brettanomyces bruxellensis.
82  virus rating
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HCMV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1985 Activity of selenazofurin against influenza A and B viruses in vitro.
83  visual range
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PM (2 times)
IMPROVE (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2011 Visual range trends in the Yangtze River Delta Region of China, 1981-2005.
84  Visual Reproduction subtest
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CVMT (1 time)
EPAT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1990 Analysis of gender effects upon verbal and visual memory performance in adults.
85  vocational rehabilitation services
(3 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
2007 Rural access to vocational rehabilitation services: minority farmers' perspective.
86  voltage-readout
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AFE (3 times)
CR (3 times)
EIS (3 times)
2016 Wideband Fully-Programmable Dual-Mode CMOS Analogue Front-End for Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy.
87  volume reconstruction
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MPR (2 times)
CT (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2006 [Pelvic artery representation on three-dimensional reconstructed multislice spiral CT images: variability between the young and the elderly].
88  voluntary running
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CPP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAG (1 time)
2007 Voluntary running improves in vivo insulin resistance in high-salt diet fed rats.
89  alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl vincosamide
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
beta-MHC (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
2013 Cardioprotective potential of N,alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl vincosamide, an indole alkaloid, isolated from the leaves of Moringa oleifera in isoproterenol induced cardiotoxic rats: in vivo and in vitro studies.
90  environments-virtual reality
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EWDs (1 time)
2014 Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.
91  running velocity
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
Ls (1 time)
Tb (1 time)
1985 Thermal dependence of isotonic contractile properties of skeletal muscle and sprint performance of the lizard Dipsosaurus dorsalis.
92  Russian VX
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
IM (1 time)
OP (1 time)
PHO (1 time)
2011 Immobilization of Russian VX skin depots by localized cooling: implications for decontamination and medical countermeasures.
93  valid rate
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CNAT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2015 Electroencephalogram valid rate in simple reaction time task as an easy index of children's attention functions.
94  Valve resistance
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
CO (1 time)
DSE (1 time)
2007 Mitral valve resistance as a determinant of resting and stress pulmonary artery pressure in patients with mitral stenosis: a dobutamine stress study.
95  variable
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ANOX (1 time)
Ox (1 time)
SWI (1 time)
2009 Body weight manipulation, reinforcement value and choice between sucrose and wheel running: a behavioral economic analysis.
96  variable reluctance
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HEV (1 time)
2005 Characterization of a novel two-finger variable reluctance gripper.
97  Variable-Response Scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
J-VRIN (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1997 A combined rationally-empirically developed Variable Response Scale for detecting the random response set in the Jesness Inventory.
98  variation ratio
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
CV (1 time)
CVAMA (1 time)
1998 Locomotor training in paraplegic patients: a new approach to assess changes in leg muscle EMG patterns.
99  varicocele
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
OAT (1 time)
PV (1 time)
US (1 time)
2000 [Clinical and sperm follow-up after subinguinal varicocelectomy].
100  vasoconstrictor response
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VC (1 time)
1996 Microcirculatory vasoconstrictor response: relationship with vital capacity and smoking.