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Abbreviation: VRA
Appearance Frequency: 149 time(s)
Long forms: 37

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
visual reinforcement audiometry
(61 times)
Audiology
(42 times)
MRLs (6 times)
ASSR (5 times)
ABRs (4 times)
1977 The use of visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA) with profoundly retarded residents.
ventral root avulsion
(26 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
CNS (3 times)
EMG (3 times)
DRGs (2 times)
2002 Properties of motoneurons underlying their regenerative capacity after axon lesions in the ventral funiculus or at the surface of the spinal cord.
vertical ridge augmentation
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
ISQ (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2010 Early implant loading after vertical ridge augmentation (VRA) using e-PTFE titanium-reinforced membrane and nano-structured hydroxyapatite: 2-year prospective study.
variable region A
(6 times)
Virology
(6 times)
SU (3 times)
FeLV (2 times)
Env (1 time)
1997 Three distinct envelope domains, variably present in subgroup B feline leukemia virus recombinants, mediate Pit1 and Pit2 receptor recognition.
vascular ring anomaly
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CTA (1 time)
PRAA (1 time)
2008 Delayed primary surgical treatment in a dog with a persistent right aortic arch.
vasopressin receptor antagonists
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CHF (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
2006 Vasopressin receptor antagonists.
ventilatory response to arousal
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
NREM (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
1996 Ventilatory dynamics during transient arousal from NREM sleep: implications for respiratory control stability.
vertebral rotational angle
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
1993 Segmental vertebral rotation in early scoliosis.
vigorous rubbing action
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2006 Effects of moisture degree and rubbing action on the immediate resin-dentin bond strength.
10  viral replication assay
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
VPA (1 time)
2015 Viable influenza A virus in airborne particles from human coughs.
11  Virological residual activity
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
2011 Residual activity of two HIV antiretroviral regimens prescribed without virological monitoring.
12  visual response assessment
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LARC (2 times)
TRG (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
2013 Fifteen different 18F-FDG PET/CT qualitative and quantitative parameters investigated as pathological response predictors of locally advanced rectal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy.
13  vagus-RLN anastomosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
FNG (1 time)
RLN (1 time)
1998 The role of ansa-to-recurrent-laryngeal nerve anastomosis in operations for thyroid cancer.
14  Vancouver Raman algorithm
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EMD (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2016 Fluorescence background removal method for biological Raman spectroscopy based on empirical mode decomposition.
15  Variable Rate Application
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DSR (1 time)
FMIS (1 time)
2014 VARIABLE RATE APPLICATION OF SOIL HERBICIDES IN ARABLE CROPS: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE.
16  variably rectifying astrocytes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
FIAs (1 time)
ORA (1 time)
2000 Freshly isolated astrocytes from rat hippocampus show two distinct current patterns and different [K(+)](o) uptake capabilities.
17  variants of rheumatoid arthritis
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
T/B (1 time)
1999 Comparison of Tc-99m MDP, Tc-99m HSA and Tc-99m HIG uptake in rheumatoid arthritis and its variants.
18  vasculo-renal accident
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RB (1 time)
1987 [Vasculorenal accidents in pregnancy. Prognostic value of renal biopsy].
19  Vector Risk Area
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 Managing and eradicating wildlife tuberculosis in New Zealand.
20  VEGF-related angiogenesis
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Ang 1 (1 time)
CR (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2009 Colorectal resection, both open and laparoscopic-assisted, in patients with benign indications is associated with proangiogenic changes in plasma angiopoietin 1 and 2 levels.
21  vein-related angle
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ARA (1 time)
DFA (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2014 Rotation of retinal vascular arcades and comparison with disc-fovea angle in the assessment of cycloposition.
22  ventral right atrial
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
ENsubP (1 time)
2014 Distribution of adrenergic and cholinergic nerve fibres within intrinsic nerves at the level of the human heart hilum.
23  ventral roots
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EAE (1 time)
2010 Impact of acute inflammation on spinal motoneuron synaptic plasticity following ventral root avulsion.
24  ventral roots were unilaterally avulsed from the rat spinal cord
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Reimplantation of avulsed lumbosacral ventral roots in the rat ameliorates injury-induced degeneration of primary afferent axon collaterals in the spinal dorsal columns.
25  Ventricular repolarization abnormalities
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
ECHO (1 time)
2013 Marked negative T waves in athletes: ECG normalization after detraining.
26  view of the Association of Rheumatology Clinics in Germany
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [How to finance and increase the appeal of rheumatology training : view of the Association of Rheumatology Clinics in Germany (VRA) on challenges and successful strategies].
27  villous rectal adenomas
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ETAR (1 time)
2004 Endoscopic transanal resection using the urological resectoscope in the management of patients with rectal villous adenomas.
28  viral reduction approach
(1 time)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
VP (1 time)
2009 Online program 'vipcal' for calculating lytic viral production and lysogenic cells based on a viral reduction approach.
29  Virtual Rotational Antenna
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
OAM (1 time)
2017 Detecting the Orbital Angular Momentum of Electro-Magnetic Waves Using Virtual Rotational Antenna.
30  visible retinal area
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
UWF (1 time)
2019 Effect of phase-plate adjustment on retinal image sharpness and visible retinal area on ultrawide field imaging.
31  vision-related acupoints
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2012 Tempo-spatial analysis of vision-related acupoint specificity in the occipital lobe using fMRI: an ICA study.
32  visual response analysis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
RI (1 time)
2015 Value of (18)F-FDG PET for Predicting Response to Neoadjuvant Therapy in Rectal Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
33  volatile reactor assembly
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
L-H (1 time)
2003 Catalytic wet oxidation: mathematical modeling of multicompound destruction.
34  volume ratio anisotropy
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DTI (1 time)
DTT (1 time)
Exat (1 time)
2015 [Application of diffusion tensor imaging in judging infarction time of acute ischemic cerebral infarction].
35  voluntary reciprocal altruism
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2018 It is only fair: blood donors are more sensitive to violations of fairness norms than nondonors - converging psychometric and ultimatum game evidence.
36  voluntary response audiometry
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DFA (1 time)
EDRA (1 time)
1975 A comparison of pure-tone thresholds as measured by delayed feedback audiometry, electrodermal response audiometry, and voluntary response audiometry.
37  voluntary running activity
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Ubiquinol reduces muscle wasting but not fatigue in tumor-bearing mice.