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Abbreviation: WB
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Long forms: 314

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Western blot
(1750 times)
Medicine
(153 times)
IHC (200 times)
ELISA (189 times)
qRT-PCR (139 times)
1986 Western blot technique in the serological evaluation of three LAV/HTLV III-infected Italian families.
Western blotting
(851 times)
Neoplasms
(98 times)
IHC (141 times)
ELISA (104 times)
IF (66 times)
1988 Epitope mosaic on the surface proteins of orthopoxviruses.
whole blood
(833 times)
Hematology
(255 times)
PRP (88 times)
RBC (58 times)
RBCs (34 times)
1974 Hemoglobin affinity for oxygen in the anginal syndrome with normal coronary arteriograms.
whole body
(338 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(53 times)
BMD (71 times)
LS (55 times)
BMC (51 times)
1981 More data on mercury absorption in relation to dietary treatment in rats.
weight-bearing
(161 times)
Orthopedics
(48 times)
NWB (63 times)
ROM (13 times)
OA (10 times)
1988 Closed versus open kinematic chain measurements of subtalar joint eversion: implications for clinical practice.
wooden breast
(114 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(68 times)
WS (36 times)
p. major (7 times)
PM (7 times)
2015 The genetic basis of pectoralis major myopathies in modern broiler chicken lines.
whole brain
(64 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
GM (20 times)
WM (20 times)
MS (12 times)
1983 Improved survival in cases of intracranial ependymoma after radiation therapy. Late report and recommendations.
Western blot analysis
(54 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
IHC (13 times)
ELISA (11 times)
qPCR (5 times)
1987 Detection of HTLV-III antibody in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with AIDS and pre-AIDS with the use of a commercial test system.
Warner-Bratzler
(43 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(31 times)
LD (5 times)
TPA (5 times)
ES (4 times)
1981 Analysis of Warner-Bratzler shear pattern with regard to myofibrillar and connective tissue components of tenderness.
10  Western immunoblotting
(41 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
ELISA (6 times)
CW (4 times)
IFA (4 times)
1987 Antibody response to human immunodeficiency virus after primary infection.
11  well-being
(34 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
QoL (5 times)
AS (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1982 The relationship of CPI measures of interpersonal adequacy to safety and esteem motives.
12  water bath
(24 times)
Food
(6 times)
MW (5 times)
US (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1988 Thawing of fresh-frozen plasma with a new microwave oven.
13  white bread
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
AUC (8 times)
GI (6 times)
BCT (2 times)
1982 Restored synergistic entero-hormonal response after addition of dietary fibre to patients with impaired glucose tolerance and reactive hypoglycaemia.
14  White British
(22 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
BC (5 times)
SA (5 times)
BiB (2 times)
2000 Life events, ethnicity and perceptions of discrimination in patients with severe mental illness.
15  whole breast
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
RT (5 times)
CT (3 times)
IMRT (3 times)
2005 The evolution of accelerated, partial breast irradiation as a potential treatment option for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer considering breast conservation.
16  West Bengal
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AES (2 times)
JE (2 times)
JEV (2 times)
2004 Arsenic and other elements in hair, nails, and skin-scales of arsenic victims in West Bengal, India.
17  wild boar
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
ASF (7 times)
DP (3 times)
ASFV (2 times)
2002 Response to oxidative stress as a welfare parameter in swine.
18  Western blot assay
(15 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
ALP (3 times)
FCM (2 times)
qRT-PCR (2 times)
1991 Production and characterization of mouse monoclonal antibodies against the transmembrane protein of a human immunodeficiency virus type 2.
19  World Bank
(14 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
WHO (8 times)
UN (3 times)
HDI (2 times)
2003 Water quality in Sepetiba Bay, Brazil.
20  wood biochar
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
Comp (2 times)
GWB (2 times)
IN (2 times)
2013 Chemical stabilization of cadmium in acidic soil using alkaline agronomic and industrial by-products.
21  wideband
(11 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
NB (3 times)
ICD (2 times)
ART (1 time)
2001 Reduction of pacing output coupling capacitance for sensing the evoked response.
22  web-based
(9 times)
Education
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
CASI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2003 New technology in quality of life research: are all computer-assisted approaches created equal?
23  wild blueberry
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
OZR (4 times)
COX (3 times)
Phe (3 times)
2010 Improvement of lymphocyte resistance against H(2)O(2)-induced DNA damage in Sprague-Dawley rats after eight weeks of a wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)-enriched diet.
24  water buffalo
(8 times)
Food Analysis
(3 times)
CN (2 times)
IEF (2 times)
PDO (2 times)
2011 The "dark side" of beta-lactoglobulin: unedited structural features suggest unexpected functions.
25  weight-based
(8 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
FD (2 times)
NWB (2 times)
2012 Clinical characteristics, timing of peak responses and safety aspects of two dosing regimens of the glucagon stimulation test in evaluating growth hormone and cortisol secretion in adults.
26  wobble board
(8 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CAI (2 times)
FS (2 times)
GRF (2 times)
1983 Combined effects of propranolol and ethanol on human psychomotor performance.
27  wound botulism
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
IDUs (5 times)
BTH (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1998 Wound botulism associated with black tar heroin among injecting drug users.
28  Warmblood
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
MFM (3 times)
TB (2 times)
alpha-TP (1 time)
1998 [Intermittent warm blood cardioplegia--an experimental study].
29  workplace bullying
(7 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
CB (1 time)
COR (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2016 Predictors of Workplace Bullying and Cyber-Bullying in New Zealand.
30  water-based
(6 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
LB (2 times)
OB (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2005 Chemical exposure and symptoms of hand dermatitis in construction painters.
31  weathered biotite
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
C-S-H (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
IPs (1 time)
2014 Mesoscopic structures of vermiculite and weathered biotite clays in suspension with and without cesium ions.
32  West Bank
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GS (2 times)
oPt (2 times)
DC (1 time)
2005 Childbirth in Palestine.
33  Western blot test
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1991 [First reported case of AIDS in China].
34  water bath heating
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
MPs (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2018 New Insights Into the Response of Metabolome of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to Ohmic Heating.
35  woven bone
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
BS (1 time)
cN (1 time)
2013 Subchondral chitosan/blood implant-guided bone plate resorption and woven bone repair is coupled to hyaline cartilage regeneration from microdrill holes in aged rabbit knees.
36  wristbands
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
app (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2016 Combined use of a wristband and a smartphone to reduce body weight in obese children: randomized controlled trial.
37  water balance
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2017 Emotional Support, Depressive Symptoms, and Age-Related Alterations in Male Body Composition: Cross-Sectional Findings from the Men's Health 40+ Study.
38  WB/ReJ
(4 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
ABR (2 times)
BALB (2 times)
BY (2 times)
1993 Genetics of age-related hearing loss in mice: I. Inbred and F1 hybrid strains.
39  Western blotting method
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
EIA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
anti-HTLV-1 (1 time)
1989 [HTLV-I carriers in ATL/L-nonendemic area--with reference to blood transfusions].
40  white button
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
6-MIQ (1 time)
AhR (1 time)
AM (1 time)
2009 The effects of whole mushrooms during inflammation.
41  wood burning
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PAHs (4 times)
HWY (3 times)
CMB (2 times)
2001 PAHs in dated sediments of Ashtabula River, Ohio, USA.
42  Woronin body
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
FgV1 (1 time)
UOX (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2005 Polarized gene expression determines woronin body formation at the leading edge of the fungal colony.
43  body weight
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CBM (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1985 Adrenal responses to chronic and acute water stress in Japanese quail Coturnix japonica.
44  WangBi Tablet
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
AIA (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2018 Suppressive effects of Wang‑Bi Tablet on adjuvant‑induced arthritis in rats via NF‑kappaB and STAT3 signaling pathways.
45  Warmblood horses
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BSP (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
2015 Biomechanical and biochemical properties of the thoracic aorta in warmblood horses, Friesian horses, and Friesians with aortic rupture.
46  wavebreak
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
VF (2 times)
BZ (1 time)
CFE (1 time)
2003 Wavebreak formation during ventricular fibrillation in the isolated, regionally ischemic pig heart.
47  WB group
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
NWB (2 times)
CG (1 time)
SCFA (1 time)
2001 Immune response to autologous transfusion in healthy volunteers: WB versus packed RBCs and FFP.
48  weakly bound
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SB (2 times)
SU (2 times)
DOM (1 time)
2006 Conjugated estrogens and tibolone modify the gonadotrophin glycosylation pattern in postmenopausal women.
49  Web-based basic
(3 times)
Diet
(2 times)
PA (3 times)
PB (3 times)
PE (3 times)
2013 Long-term efficacy of a printed or a Web-based tailored physical activity intervention among older adults.
50  western blotting assay
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
2-ME (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
1989 [Evaluation of the confirmatory test by western blotting assay (WB) for the detection of antibodies to adult T-cell leukemia virus type I. Analysis of the discrepancy between indirect immunofluorescence assay (IF), enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and gelatin particle agglutination assay (PA)].
51  Western-blot technique
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
1992 Serum antibodies in rickettsia patients as determined by immunoblotting technique.
52  wheat-based
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Cel-Pel (1 time)
GF (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2014 Composition of diet modifies colonization dynamics of Campylobacter jejuni in broiler chickens.
53  wheat-bran
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ADFI (1 time)
AHL (1 time)
ASW (1 time)
2010 Production of glutaminase(E.C. 3.2.1.5) from Zygosaccharomyces rouxii in solid-state fermentation and modeling the growth of Z. rouxii therein.
54  whole bladder
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PB (2 times)
CTV (1 time)
GU (1 time)
2015 Whole Versus Partial Bladder Radiation: Use of an Image-guided Hypofractionated IMRT Bladder-preservation Protocol.
55  whole blood cells
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PBMC (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
DAY 110 (1 time)
2003 Type 1 vs. type 2 cytokine secretion in vitro and its regulation by hydrocortisone in humans subjected to 120-day anti-orthostatic bed-rest regime.
56  whole embryonic body
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
MS/MS (1 time)
2012 iSyTE: integrated Systems Tool for Eye gene discovery.
57  witches'-broom
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
RFLP (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2007 First Report of a Natural Infection of Opuntia sp. by a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris'-Related Phytoplasma in China.
58  Wurster's Blue
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BIC (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1994 A novel dye-linked formaldehyde dehydrogenase with some properties indicating the presence of a protein-bound redox-active quinone cofactor.
59  BACKGROUND: Wheat bran
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
NW (2 times)
OB (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2004 Combining wheat bran with resistant starch has more beneficial effects on fecal indexes than does wheat bran alone.
60  biomass, wheat bran
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
CCD-RSM (1 time)
CP (1 time)
OPM (1 time)
2015 Synthesis of fibrinolytic active silver nanoparticle using wheat bran xylan as a reducing and stabilizing agent.
61  birth weight
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
LIM (1 time)
NBA (1 time)
TNB (1 time)
2007 [Genetic polymorphism of FSH b subunit gene and correlation with reproductive traits in Beijing Black Pig].
62  HIV-Western blot
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
1989 Long-term persistence of false positive antibody reactivity in HIV western blot testing of sera from a healthy blood donor.
63  wake bouts
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
DST (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2003 Relationship between power spectra of the awake EEG and psychomotor activity patterns measured by short-term actigraphy.
64  Walking and Behavioural intervention
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
OA (2 times)
CPGs (1 time)
KT (1 time)
2012 The implementation of a community-based aerobic walking program for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA): a knowledge translation (KT) randomized controlled trial (RCT): Part I: The Uptake of the Ottawa Panel clinical practice guidelines (CPGs).
65  walking backwards
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
JS (2 times)
aMGS (1 time)
GMC (1 time)
2010 The KorperkoordinationsTest fur Kinder: reference values and suitability for 6-12-year-old children in Flanders.
66  walking bout
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2019 A Personalized Approach to Improve Walking Detection in Real-Life Settings: Application to Children with Cerebral Palsy.
67  Wang-Bi capsule
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CIA (2 times)
RA (2 times)
TRAP (1 time)
2020 Wang-Bi Capsule Alleviates the Joint Inflammation and Bone Destruction in Mice with Collagen-Induced Arthritis.
68  Warrior Base
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CH (2 times)
GH (2 times)
ROK (2 times)
2017 Seasonal dynamics of Anopheles species at three locations in the Republic of Korea.
69  water blanching
(2 times)
Food
(2 times)
CIR (1 time)
POD (1 time)
RMSE (1 time)
2015 Mathematical modeling of drying kinetics of untreated and pretreated cocoyam slices.
70  water bolus
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1989 Objective measures of swallowing in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome.
71  water bridge
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HAD (1 time)
HB (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2007 Proton shuttles and phosphatase activity in soluble epoxide hydrolase.
72  water-borne
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CORT (1 time)
FB (1 time)
WCB (1 time)
2012 Toxic and recovery effects of copper on Caenorhabditiselegans by various food-borne and water-borne pathways.
73  waxy barley
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
HAB (1 time)
2008 Effect of adlay, buckwheat and barley on lipid metabolism and aorta histopathology in rats fed an obesogenic diet.
74  WB-+/+
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Hybrid resistance to parental mast cell precursors in the skin of (WB X C57BL/6)F1-W/Wv mice.
75  weak-bursting
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSDS (2 times)
RS (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2018 Chronic social defeat stress-induced enhancement of T-type calcium channels increases burst-firing neurons in the ventral subiculum.
76  web blight
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
PCR-RFLP (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2003 Genetic Variation Among Isolates of the Web Blight Pathogen of Common Bean Based on PCR-RFLP of the ITS-rDNA Region.
77  weight bias
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CG (1 time)
EG (1 time)
2017 The Effects of Obesity-Related Health Messages on Explicit and Implicit Weight Bias.
78  weightbearing standing
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
3DUS (1 time)
DFER (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Effects of spine loading in a patient with post-decompression lumbar disc herniation: observations using an open weight-bearing MRI.
79  weighted belt
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DP (1 time)
PDE (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2001 The effects of a weight belt on trunk and leg muscle activity and joint kinematics during the squat exercise.
80  weighted blanket
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BH (1 time)
SUD (1 time)
2021 Weighted blanket and sleep medication use among adults with psychiatric diagnosis - a population-based register study.
81  weights at birth
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DWG (1 time)
1976 Partitioning average and heterotic components of direct and maternal genetic effects on growth in mice using crossfostering techniques.
82  well-baby
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
WW (1 time)
1992 Diagnostic exposure in a primary care clinic during pediatric training.
83  well-balanced
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
LL (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2008 Facial hair whorls (trichoglyphs) and the incidence of motor laterality in the horse.
84  Wenckebach block
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 2005 Delineation of AV conduction pathways by selective surgical transection: effects on antegrade and retrograde transmission.
85  West Bear Brook
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BBWM (2 times)
EB (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
2010 Drivers and evolution of episodic acidification at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine, USA.
86  West Buxton
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
IPNV (1 time)
NCR (1 time)
2009 Genetic analysis of aquabirnaviruses isolated from wild fish reveals occurrence of natural reassortment of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus.
87  Western Balkan
(2 times)
Education, Nursing
(1 time)
APEO (1 time)
LAS (1 time)
2008 Occurrence and fate of emerging wastewater contaminants in Western Balkan Region.
88  Western biomedicine
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
CM (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2009 Development in and challenge for traditional Chinese medicine in Australia.
89  white background
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
FLD (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2005 Difference in the colour and colour change of dental resin composites by the background.
90  white-back
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GCC (1 time)
2017 Comparing Colored and White-Black Visual Evoked Potentials in Multiple Sclerosis Patients.
91  White-Backed
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LL (1 time)
PBW (1 time)
PHF (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of the Mineral Concentration in Beef from Polish Native Cattle.
92  white-breasted
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HB (1 time)
WES (1 time)
2006 Relationship of cloacal gland with testes, testosterone and fertility in different lines of male Japanese quail.
93  white-on-black
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BW (2 times)
BY (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2021 Inter-rater reliability for diagnosis of geographic atrophy using spectral domain OCT in age-related macular degeneration.
94  whole barley
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
CYP7A1 (1 time)
FER (1 time)
2001 Effects of feeding locally grown whole barley with or without enzyme addition and whole wheat on broiler performance and carcass traits.
95  whole blastocyst
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
TE (2 times)
BCCM (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of a novel non-invasive preimplantation genetic screening approach.
96  whole blood leukocytes
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PMN (2 times)
CL (1 time)
2006 Antibacterial and antioxidant activities in Sideritis italica (Miller) Greuter et Burdet essential oils.
97  whole blood samples
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
CN (1 time)
PDE5A (1 time)
2005 Cytokine production by peripheral lymphocytes in melanoma.
98  Wide-band-gap
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
C60MC12 (1 time)
EBD (1 time)
ETL (1 time)
2014 Fabrication of wide-bandgap transparent electrodes by using conductive filaments: performance breakthrough in vertical-type GaN LED.
99  wild broodstock
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
2012 Profiling of key apoptotic, stress, and immune-related transcripts during embryonic and postembryonic development of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.).
100  wood-bark
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BDI (1 time)
CP (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2013 Composition, mosquito larvicidal, biting deterrent and antifungal activity of essential oils of different plant parts of Cupressus arizonica var. glabra ('Carolina Sapphire').