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Abbreviation: WD
Appearance Frequency: 2672 time(s)
Long forms: 267

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Wilson's disease
(1124 times)
Neurology
(243 times)
MRI (35 times)
CESD (31 times)
Cp (28 times)
0 [Unusual history of Wilson disease: a case report and review of the literature].
Western diet
(350 times)
Physiology
(59 times)
NASH (38 times)
NAFLD (30 times)
CD (26 times)
1987 Diets realistic for westernized people significantly effect lipoproteins, calcium, zinc, vitamins C, E, B6 and haematology in vervet monkeys.
Whipple's disease
(122 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
PAS (17 times)
PCR (17 times)
CNS (11 times)
1988 [Pseudolymphomatous aspects of mesenteric lymphadenopathies in Whipple's disease. Value of x-ray computed tomography monitoring].
Wallerian degeneration
(107 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
SCs (11 times)
MRI (10 times)
DTI (8 times)
1989 Macrophage function during Wallerian degeneration of rat optic nerve: clearance of degenerating myelin and Ia expression.
well-differentiated
(99 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
PD (41 times)
MD (28 times)
DD (15 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
Western-type diet
(68 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
CD (6 times)
NAFLD (6 times)
SD (5 times)
2000 Sulindac inhibits neointimal formation after arterial injury in wild-type and apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
water deprivation
(58 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
AVP (12 times)
PVN (8 times)
Ang II (4 times)
1975 Inhibition of thermal tachypnoea in rabbits following exposure to cold and water deprivation.
water deficit
(53 times)
Botany
(24 times)
WW (8 times)
ROS (4 times)
ABA (3 times)
2001 Alterations in carbon and nitrogen metabolism induced by water deficit in the stems and leaves of Lupinus albus L.
walking distance
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
ABI (4 times)
COPD (4 times)
MS (4 times)
1980 [Methods and results of physiotherapy in stage II arteriopathies (author's transl)].
10  work disability
(41 times)
Rheumatology
(24 times)
RA (9 times)
AS (5 times)
SLE (5 times)
1996 [Deficiencies in rehabilitation measures in the course of early chronic polyarthritis].
11  Wolffian duct
(38 times)
Embryology
(11 times)
UB (10 times)
MD (4 times)
MM (4 times)
1988 Ultrastructure of the kidney of a South American caecilian, Typhlonectes compressicaudus (Amphibia, Gymnophiona). II. Distal tubule, connecting tubule, collecting duct and Wolffian duct.
12  wood density
(36 times)
Botany
(13 times)
LMA (7 times)
SLA (6 times)
DBH (4 times)
2005 Wood growth patterns of Macrolobium acaciifolium (Benth.) Benth. (Fabaceae) in Amazonian black-water and white-water floodplain forests.
13  winter dysentery
(22 times)
Virology
(11 times)
BCV (10 times)
HE (7 times)
BCoV (5 times)
1995 Antigenic and biological comparisons of bovine coronaviruses derived from neonatal calf diarrhea and winter dysentery of adult cattle.
14  withdrawal
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CIE (3 times)
BLA (2 times)
CeA (2 times)
2002 Use of antibiotics and roxarsone in broiler chickens in the USA: analysis for the years 1995 to 2000.
15  Wigner distribution
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
STFT (3 times)
HRV (2 times)
TF (2 times)
1982 Two-dimensional optical filtering of 1-D signals.
16  wound dehiscence
(15 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
DALK (2 times)
PEDVT (2 times)
PSIs (2 times)
2005 Resident work hour limits and patient safety.
17  water-deprived
(14 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
AVP (2 times)
HK (2 times)
SL (2 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
18  weekday
(11 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
WE (9 times)
AARD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2006 Overnight activities of medical students on call: is it really educational?
19  water displacement
(9 times)
Lymphatic System
(3 times)
BCRL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
CM (2 times)
1996 Measuring functional residual capacity in normal and oleic acid-injured lungs.
20  wavelet decomposition
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
EEG (2 times)
MD (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2007 Detecting movement-related EEG change by wavelet decomposition-based neural networks trained with single thumb movement.
21  Western-type high-fat diet
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
BLA (1 time)
CE-VLDLs (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2013 Western-style diet modulates contractile responses to phenylephrine differently in mesenteric arteries from senescence-accelerated prone (SAMP8) and resistant (SAMR1) mice.
22  whirling disease
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HO (2 times)
TAM (2 times)
TL (2 times)
2002 Evaluation of nested polymerase chain reaction, pepsin/trypsin digest, and histology for the detection of Myxobolus cerebralis in salmonid fishes of Indiana and Michigan.
23  weight drop
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MEP (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
1985 Spinal cord contusion in the rat: behavioral analysis of functional neurologic impairment.
24  white dwarf
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
ACDK (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2000 A Theoretical Light-Curve Model for the 1999 Outburst of U Scorpii.
25  work done
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
MPO (5 times)
PPO (3 times)
FFM (2 times)
1999 Textural effect of chilling hot Longissimus dorsi muscle with solid CO(2).
26  working days
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HRV (2 times)
RD (2 times)
ANS (1 time)
2014 A feasibility study testing four hypotheses with phase II outcomes in advanced colorectal cancer (MRC FOCUS3): a model for randomised controlled trials in the era of personalised medicine?
27  washer-disinfectors
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
RFID (2 times)
DW (1 time)
PNCL (1 time)
2004 Efficacy of 10 different cleaning processes in a washer-disinfector for flexible endoscopes.
28  wavelet denoising
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EEG (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2007 EEG ocular artefacts and noise removal.
29  wearable device
(7 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ACCs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2008 Assessment of fall-risk by means of a neural network based on parameters assessed by a wearable device during posturography.
30  Warty dyskeratoma
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
DD (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1978 [Warty dyskeratoma. Analysis and case reports].
31  wood dust
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
AM (1 time)
AN (1 time)
1992 Lung cancer mortality among industrial workers exposed to formaldehyde: a Poisson regression analysis of the National Cancer Institute Study.
32  Waldenstrom's disease
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAH (1 time)
CDIP (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
1977 Anti-gamma-globulin activity, DNA and antibodies to DNA in nonlupoind cryoglobulinemias.
33  water dilution
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BIA (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2006 Estimating body composition in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: comparison of bioelectrical impedance analysis and skinfold-thickness measurement.
34  wavelength dispersive
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ED (5 times)
XRF (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1981 Nonoptical characterization of optical coatings.
35  well-differentiated adenocarcinomas
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
LOH (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2002 Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and mucinous carcinoma of the colon and rectum show higher rates of loss of heterozygosity and loss of E-cadherin expression due to methylation of promoter region.
36  wind direction
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WS (5 times)
RH (3 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 Reliability and validity testing of an archery chronometer.
37  weeks of development
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CSF1 (1 time)
DHEAS (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
2000 Early pattern of differentiation in the human pancreas.
38  weighted degree
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FC (2 times)
BC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2014 Modeling DNA affinity landscape through two-round support vector regression with weighted degree kernels.
39  Wells-Dawson
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
POMs (2 times)
BDA (1 time)
CeIV-POMs (1 time)
1998 Molecular Shapes, Orientation, and Packing of Polyoxometalate Arrays Imaged by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.
40  wound dressing
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SO (2 times)
AG (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
1996 Synthetic wound dressings--evaluation of interactions with epithelial and dermal cells in vitro.
41  Walch-Duplay score
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CT (2 times)
RS (2 times)
2018 Clinical factors that affect perceived quality of life in arthroscopic reconstruction for acromioclavicular joint dislocation.
42  water deficiency
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NO (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
Chl (1 time)
2014 Agro-climatic zoning of Jatropha curcas as a subside for crop planning and implementation in Brazil.
43  weaning duration
(3 times)
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
ASV (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2003 Weaning from ventilation in paediatric intensive care: an intervention study.
44  wetness duration
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
IC (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
PBB (1 time)
2001 Risk Analysis for Latent Infection of Prune by Monilinia fructicola in California.
45  wetting/drying
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
RIP (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2005 Effect of K and bentonite additions on Cs-transfer to ryegrass.
46  wheelchair-dependent
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ALBT (2 times)
AB (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1981 Energy cost and cardiopulmonary responses for wheelchair locomotion and walking on tile and on carpet.
47  width
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
AIC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
TCN (1 time)
2015 Transbuccal sonographic evaluation of the local extent of tumors of the tongue with pathological correlation.
48  winter depression
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SAD (2 times)
SE (1 time)
1993 Characteristics of winter depression in the Oslo area (60 degrees N).
49  winter dormancy
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ABA (2 times)
PAG (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2011 Responses to winter dormancy, temperature, and plant hormones share gene networks.
50  withdrawing
(3 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
WH (3 times)
EOL (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
2006 End of life in ICU--care of the dying or 'pulling the plug'?
51  Wood
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DIJ (1 time)
DIPH (1 time)
DJ (1 time)
2007 Modeling extended lactations of Holsteins.
52  walking difficulties
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IACI (1 time)
JIA (1 time)
2019 Self-rated walking disability and dynamic ankle joint stiffness in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis receiving intraarticular corticosteroid joint injections of the foot.
53  wall density
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
WT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2013 Comparison of clinical data, CT, and bone histopathology in unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis.
54  wall disorder
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DD (2 times)
IH (2 times)
SU (2 times)
2005 Genetic parameters of claw and foot disorders estimated with logistic models.
55  walnut diet
(2 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
ALA (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2019 Replacing Saturated Fat With Walnuts or Vegetable Oils Improves Central Blood Pressure and Serum Lipids in Adults at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease: A Randomized Controlled-Feeding Trial.
56  warm detection
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPTh (1 time)
2012 Cortical thickness correlates of pain and temperature sensitivity.
57  warm-developed
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
ECPs (1 time)
MCPs (1 time)
2010 Temporal heterogeneity of cold acclimation phenotypes in Arabidopsis leaves.
58  wasabi defensin
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ASLs (1 time)
ipt (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
2011 Development of disease-resistant marker-free tomato by R/RS site-specific recombination.
59  wasted date
(2 times)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2017 Effect of increasing levels of wasted date palm on digestion, rumen fermentation and microbial protein synthesis in sheep.
60  Watchman device
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
LAA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2018 CT based 3D printing is superior to transesophageal echocardiography for pre-procedure planning in left atrial appendage device closure.
61  water decoction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
CHE (1 time)
FL (1 time)
2019 Anti-ulcer activity of the three different extracts of Ferula lehmannii Boiss leaf in rats.
62  water demand
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
WA (1 time)
WF (1 time)
2013 Variability and uncertainty in water demand and water footprint assessments of fresh algae cultivation based on case studies from five climatic regions.
63  water depletion
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
FD (2 times)
TA (2 times)
2015 Evaluation of the environmental performance of alternatives for polystyrene production in Brazil.
64  water dilution method
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PEG (2 times)
DS (1 time)
Xan (1 time)
1993 Comparison of four purification methods for the production of immunoglobulins from eggs laid by hens immunized with an enterotoxigenic E. coli strain.
65  water disassociation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BPMs (2 times)
AP (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2017 Catalytic, Conductive Bipolar Membrane Interfaces through Layer-by-Layer Deposition for the Design of Membrane-Integrated Artificial Photosynthesis Systems.
66  water diuresis
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
CH2O (1 time)
1999 Measurement of reabsorption by single segments of the human nephron.
67  water-depleted
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
A-V (1 time)
BE (1 time)
WSD (1 time)
1976 Arterial and mixed venous PCO2 and hydrogen ion, bicarbonate and base excess concentrations in water-depleted dogs.
68  WD group
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
2012 [Wilson's disease in decision-making functions of Iowa gambling task].
69  Weaver-Dunn
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACJ (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2018 Biomechanical Comparison of Anatomic and Extra-Anatomic Reconstruction Techniques Using Local Grafts for Chronic Instability of the Acromioclavicular Joint.
70  Wegener Disease
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Limited Wegener's disease presenting as pharyngolaryngeal tumor.
71  weight and density
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2017 Porosity of spacer-filled channels in spiral-wound membrane systems: Quantification methods and impact on hydraulic characterization.
72  weight distribution
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LG (1 time)
sEMG (1 time)
2009 Weight distribution influences the time required to lift the leg even under normal standing condition.
73  welding dust
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
LP (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
1990 [Comparative characteristics of the biological aggressiveness of welding dusts].
74  well-developed
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AIx (1 time)
AS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2000 Effect of socioeconomic status on the blood pressure in children living in a developing country.
75  Wellness diary
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CBT (1 time)
2008 Mobile diary for wellness management--results on usage and usability in two user studies.
76  Wendan Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CGI (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
HAMD (1 time)
2006 [Clinical observation on treatment of somatic disorder with combination of Xiaoyao Powder and Wendan Decoction].
77  Western diet-fed
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SS (3 times)
CF (2 times)
EC (2 times)
2011 A Western diet increases serotonin availability in rat small intestine.
78  Western high-fat low fibre diet
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
GGT (1 time)
1986 The influence of diet and dimethylhydrazine on the small and large intestine of vervet monkeys.
79  wet deposition
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CCHN (1 time)
DD (1 time)
ERUS (1 time)
2017 Source-Receptor Relationship Analysis of the Atmospheric Deposition of PAHs Subject to Long-Range Transport in Northeast Asia.
80  whisker deprivation
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CH (1 time)
DR (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2017 The pattern of thalamocortical and brain stem projections to the vibrissae-related sensory and motor cortices in de-whiskered congenital hypothyroid rats.
81  white diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BD (2 times)
MRP (1 time)
MRPs (1 time)
2006 Diets rich in Maillard reaction products affect protein digestibility in adolescent males aged 11-14 y.
82  widest dimension
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
UKA (1 time)
2010 Use of anthropometric data from the medial tibial and femoral condyles to design unicondylar knee prostheses in the Chinese population.
83  Willebrand's disease
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
FVIII (1 time)
fW (1 time)
WF (1 time)
1996 [The diagnostic characteristics of von Willebrand's disease].
84  Wilson disease gene
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FISH (1 time)
hts (1 time)
1995 Deletion of the Wilson's disease gene in hereditary hepatitis LEC rats.
85  Wilson disease protein
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FKBP52 (1 time)
HEK (1 time)
PPIase (1 time)
2004 A novel role for the immunophilin FKBP52 in copper transport.
86  Wirsung duct
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
2005 Intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors arising in Santorini's duct: clinicopathologic features and the treatment of choice.
87  wollastonite-diopside
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Ak (1 time)
2017 Biocompatibility and bioactivity of porous polymer-derived Ca-Mg silicate ceramics.
88  woody debris
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CWD (1 time)
FWD (1 time)
1999 The decay of forest woody debris: numerical modeling and implications based on some 300 data cases from North America.
89  woven Dacron
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
dePTFE (1 time)
1987 Comparative studies of prosthetic materials in the left atrium of the dog.
90  writer's dystonia
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
ARSG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Genome-wide association study in musician's dystonia: a risk variant at the arylsulfatase G locus?
91  16-week 'western diet
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FAO (1 time)
HCR (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
2017 Aerobic capacity mediates susceptibility for the transition from steatosis to steatohepatitis.
92  alcohol-withdrawal
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ETX (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
2018 Selective Blockade of T-Type Ca2+ Channels is Protective Against Alcohol-Withdrawal Induced Seizure and Mortality.
93  density water
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
DE (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2013 Initial experience with single-source dual-energy CT abdominal angiography and comparison with single-energy CT angiography: image quality, enhancement, diagnosis and radiation dose.
94  diastolic work
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
NG (1 time)
RV P-V (1 time)
1983 [Clinical application of a right ventricular pressure-volume loop determined by gated blood-pool imaging and simultaneously measured right ventricular pressure].
95  donors without diarrhea
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 Occurrence and antimicrobial drug susceptibility patterns of commensal and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in fecal microbiota from children with and without acute diarrhea.
96  drug, Withanolide D
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
--- 2019 In vitro study of Withanolide D toxicity on goat preantral follicles and its effects on the cell cycle.
97  pMAT21-wasabi defensin
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ipt (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
PGRs (1 time)
2014 Generation of selectable marker-free transgenic eggplant resistant to Alternaria solani using the R/RS site-specific recombination system.
98  post-wound days
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PND (1 time)
1999 Relationships between nerves and myofibroblasts during cutaneous wound healing in the developing rat.
99  saline-wet-to-dry
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
POD (1 time)
VAC (1 time)
2004 Effect of subatmospheric pressure on the acute healing wound.
100  supplements--wheat dextrin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PS (1 time)
SCFAs (1 time)
2010 Wheat dextrin, psyllium, and inulin produce distinct fermentation patterns, gas volumes, and short-chain fatty acid profiles in vitro.