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Abbreviation: WI
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Long forms: 150

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
T1-weighted images
(131 times)
Radiology
(48 times)
MRI (56 times)
SI (23 times)
MR (18 times)
1986 High field magnetic resonance evaluation of acoustic neurinomas.
water immersion
(127 times)
Physiology
(46 times)
ANP (17 times)
HR (13 times)
PRA (12 times)
1982 Effects of water immersion on renal function in the nephrotic syndrome.
warm ischemia
(112 times)
Transplantation
(47 times)
CS (14 times)
CI (13 times)
DCD (13 times)
1985 Effects of verapamil in the prevention of warm ischaemia induced acute renal failure in dogs.
water intake
(44 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
FI (20 times)
BW (8 times)
b.wt (5 times)
1977 Sexually dimorphic effects of forced exercise on food intake and body weight in the rat.
wave intensity
(43 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
LV (9 times)
PT (4 times)
DA (2 times)
1999 A noninvasive method of measuring wave intensity, a new hemodynamic index: application to the carotid artery in patients with mitral regurgitation before and after surgery.
water-insoluble
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
WS (20 times)
MALDI-TOF (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
1983 Fate of water-insoluble and water-soluble dichlorobenzidine-based pigments in Fisher 344 rats.
wound infection
(28 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
IAA (3 times)
CI (2 times)
LS (2 times)
1987 Biliary bacteria, antibiotic use, and wound infection in surgery of the gallbladder and common bile duct.
Whiteley Index
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
IAS (6 times)
HAI (3 times)
SAS (3 times)
1991 Comparison of psychiatric screening tests in a general medical setting using ROC analysis.
Wistar
(23 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
SHR (8 times)
WKY (8 times)
SD (7 times)
1978 N,N-diethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (DEAB): acute actions with respect to possible carcinogenicity as well as the role of solvents. Morphological and pharmacological investigations.
10  Wisconsin
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CA (4 times)
TN (4 times)
GA (3 times)
1996 Characterization of Pratylenchus penetrans from Ten Geographically Isolated Populations Based on Their Reaction on Potato.
11  weight index
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AA (3 times)
MPO (3 times)
TNBC (3 times)
1980 Obesity in relation to socioeconomic status. A population study of women in Goteborg, Sweden.
12  Wistar-Imamichi
(15 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
Cd (5 times)
SD (4 times)
LE (3 times)
1983 Arterial pressure-urinary output relationship in DOCA-saline hypertensive rats.
13  whiteness index
(13 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
A. vera (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2002 Optimization of the isoelectric precipitation method to obtain protein isolates from amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) seeds.
14  Wistar Crl
(13 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
COX (2 times)
GGT (2 times)
NAG (2 times)
1996 Subchronic oral toxicity studies with erythritol in mice and rats.
15  water index
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
NDVI (2 times)
BRDF (1 time)
EWTc (1 time)
2010 [Progress in retrieving vegetation water content under different vegetation coverage condition based on remote sensing spectral information].
16  water intoxication
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CE (2 times)
i.p (2 times)
ICP (2 times)
1991 The successful treatment of psychogenic polydipsia and water intoxication with propanolol. A case report.
17  work of breathing
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
FT (2 times)
PTP (2 times)
1992 Inspiratory muscle work of breathing during flow-by, demand-flow, and continuous-flow systems in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
18  wash-in
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
WO (6 times)
COPD (2 times)
ATI (1 time)
2005 Differences in regional wash-in and wash-out time constants for xenon-CT ventilation studies.
19  watershed infarction
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MR (3 times)
DW (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
2001 Time course of cerebral infarction in the middle cerebral arterial territory: deep watershed versus territorial subtypes on diffusion-weighted MR images.
20  Wear Index
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
APACHE III (1 time)
BWAP (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
1995 Effect of a clamp on toothbrush bristle deterioration.
21  whiplash injury
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Bl.10 (1 time)
BTXA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1996 Acupuncture treatment for balance disorders following whiplash injury.
22  Winsor Index
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CAPD (1 time)
EFI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1986 Clinical evaluation of short-term defibrotide treatment of patients with atherosclerosis obliterans of the lower limbs.
23  word-initial
(6 times)
Phonetics
(6 times)
PPD (5 times)
TD (4 times)
WWM (1 time)
2018 Word-initial /r/-clusters in Swedish speaking children with typical versus protracted phonological development.
24  work instability
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
WIS (3 times)
RA (2 times)
DIF (1 time)
2003 Development of a work instability scale for rheumatoid arthritis.
25  inspiratory work
(5 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
COPD (2 times)
BIPAP (1 time)
mean Pdi (1 time)
1991 Inspiratory work imposed by demand valve ventilator circuits.
26  water immersion to the neck
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HDT (1 time)
TM (1 time)
UNaV (1 time)
1993 Effect of water immersion on renal natriuretic peptide (urodilatin) excretion in humans.
27  weaning index
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
VT (2 times)
IEQ (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
1991 Evaluation of a new weaning index based on ventilatory endurance and the efficiency of gas exchange.
28  Wellbeing Index
(4 times)
Health Services Accessibility
(2 times)
USA (2 times)
2009 Mediterranean lifestyle: nutritional education on-line.
29  wet impregnation
(4 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CFB (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2010 MnO(x)/TiO(2) composite nanoxides synthesized by deposition-precipitation method as a superior catalyst for NO oxidation.
30  with
(4 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BE (1 time)
1990 Effects of timing of food and fluid volume on cefetamet pivoxil absorption in healthy normal volunteers.
31  walk-in
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2005 Comparing walk-in and call-responsive donors in a national and a private hospital in Nairobi.
32  wall ingrowth
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ETCs (1 time)
TCs (1 time)
UWL (1 time)
2010 NaCl effect on the distribution of wall ingrowth polymers and arabinogalactan proteins in type A transfer cells of Medicago sativa Gabes leaves.
33  warmth index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AACT (1 time)
AAP (1 time)
AASD (1 time)
2004 [Key problems in ecological research on vegetations in Northeast China].
34  waste incineration
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
APCS (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
CEM (1 time)
2013 Flue gas recirculation and enhanced performance of waste incinerators under waste uncertainty.
35  wealth index
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BMIZ (1 time)
HAZ (1 time)
2011 Socioeconomic status and chronic child malnutrition: Wealth and maternal education matter more in the Peruvian Andes than nationally.
36  West Indies
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
STD (1 time)
2000 Dietary restrictions in maintenance hemodialysis: experiences of English speaking West Indian adults.
37  widely invasive
(3 times)
Mouth Diseases
(1 time)
MI (2 times)
1Mb-aCGH (1 time)
CXPA (1 time)
2009 Follicular thyroid carcinoma in an iodine-replete endemic goiter region: a prospectively collected, retrospectively analyzed clinical trial.
38  window index
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HR (1 time)
SBI (1 time)
1989 Quantitative spectral analysis of carotid Doppler signal: evaluation as a method for measurement of drug effects.
39  Wistar rats
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PM (2 times)
2K1C (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1992 Kinin contribution to chronic antihypertensive actions of ACE-inhibitors in hypertensive rats.
40  word identification
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
MES (2 times)
BiDS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2008 Rasch analysis of word identification and magnitude estimation scaling responses in measuring naive listeners' judgments of speech intelligibility of children with severe-to-profound hearing impairments.
41  work index
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
LE (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2001 Progressive loss of perfusion-contraction matching during sustained moderate ischemia in pigs.
42  workplace incivility
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LV (1 time)
2012 Stopping the culture of workplace incivility in nursing.
43  wound infiltration
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
II-IH (1 time)
PONV (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
2006 [Effectiveness of analgesic techniques after breast surgery: a meta-analysis].
44  min-warm ischemia
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
--- 2012 Evaluation of early regenerative processes in a preclinical pig model of acute kidney injury.
45  walkability index
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2012 Adolescent physical activity and the built environment: a latent class analysis approach.
46  walking inducer
(2 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
GIs (1 time)
2008 Rearing under different conditions results in different functional recoveries of giant interneurons in unilaterally cercus-ablated crickets, Gryllus bimaculatus.
47  walking intensity
(2 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
AT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of a new motion sensor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
48  wall index
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
WT (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2002 Association of wall thickness of the brachial artery measured with high-resolution ultrasound with risk factors and coronary artery disease.
49  warm ischemically
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
TL (1 time)
1999 The effect of the two-layer cold storage method on islet isolation from ischemically damaged pancreas.
50  water immersion test
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
PRA (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
AZA (1 time)
1991 [Plasma levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline, plasma renin activity and arterial blood pressure in patients after kidney transplantation].
51  wavelength-interleaving
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DD (1 time)
ELPF (1 time)
FMF (1 time)
2012 Experimental demonstration of PDL penalty reduction by wavelength-interleaving transmission.
52  web intervention
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
AO (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2010 [Effects of weight-loss tools and a group-based weight-loss support program: rationale and study design of a randomized controlled trial].
53  welfare index
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effect of grazing on the cow welfare of dairy herds evaluated by a multidimensional welfare index.
54  western immunoblot
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IFA (1 time)
2000 Seroprevalence of Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia equi, and Ehrlichia risticii in sick dogs from North Carolina and Virginia.
55  Western immunoblotting
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GHTD (2 times)
CL (1 time)
GHR (1 time)
1994 Comparison of PCR with other tests for early diagnosis of canine ehrlichiosis.
56  wet irrigation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DCD (1 time)
DH (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
2009 [Genetic characteristics of wheat functional leaves at filling stage under different water regimes].
57  wholemount immunohistochemistry
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
HD (1 time)
LM (1 time)
1990 Origin, course, and endings of abnormal enteric nerve fibres in Hirschsprung's disease defined by whole-mount immunohistochemistry.
58  Wiener index
(2 times)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
2016 Molecular dynamics simulation studies of hyperbranched polyglycerols and their encapsulation behaviors of small drug molecules.
59  wild-type
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1997 Favourable native-like helical local interactions can accelerate protein folding.
60  winding index
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DLR (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
MFVW (1 time)
2006 Inferring biomolecular regulatory networks from phase portraits of time-series expression profiles.
61  winter
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
ESp (1 time)
1982 Evidence for seasonal and nutritional modification of ovarian and pituitary function in crossbred heifers and Brahman cows.
62  work involvement
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
RU (1 time)
Ss (1 time)
1991 Heart rate, anxiety, anger, and arousal reactions to enforced time-wasting: dependence on reactive uncontrol, work involvement, and dominance factors of 'type A'.
63  written information
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FGCB (2 times)
2012 The role of parent depressive symptoms in positive and negative parenting in a preventive intervention.
64  2-weighted integral
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
2001 Effect of vascular radioactivity on regional values of cerebral blood flow: evaluation of methods for H(2)(15)O PET to distinguish cerebral perfusion from blood volume.
65  colony-Wistar-Imamichi
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LE (1 time)
2003 Strain difference in pituitary-adrenal axis between Wistar-Imamichi and Long Evans adult male rats.
66  control-warm hepatic ischemia
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2015 Temporal changes in hepatic antioxidant enzyme activities after ischemia and reperfusion in a rat liver ischemia model: effect of dietary fish oil.
67  ice-water immersion
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FP (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2007 Cooling efficiency of 4 common cryotherapeutic agents.
68  isoenzymes: wheat-germ inhibition
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1988 Three methods compared for isoamylase separation in tissue homogenates.
69  T1-weighted MR plaque imaging
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
CRMR (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Three-Dimensional T1-Weighted Magnetic Resonance and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Plaque Images for Severe Stenosis of the Cervical Carotid Artery.
70  Waardenburg Index
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
WS (1 time)
2008 Screening program for Waardenburg syndrome in Colombia: clinical definition and phenotypic variability.
71  Waddell Index
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
FIQ (1 time)
HAQ (1 time)
2017 Real-life effectiveness of spa therapy in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: a retrospective study of 819 patients.
72  Wagstaff index
(1 time)
--- 2018 Inequality in Responsiveness: A Study of Comprehensive Physical Rehabilitation Centers in Capital of Iran.
73  walking intervention
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ESE (1 time)
2013 A randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of self-paced walking on task-specific anxiety in cardiac rehabilitation patients.
74  wall thickening
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CLE (1 time)
PLE (1 time)
1995 Morphometry of small airways in smokers and its relationship to emphysema type and hyperresponsiveness.
75  Walsh index
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PAP (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PTF (1 time)
2007 Treatment of massive pulmonary embolism by percutaneous fragmentation of the thrombus.
76  Wampole Isolator
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Evaluation of the automated Bact-Alert system for pediatric blood culturing.
77  warfarin ineligible
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DOACs (1 time)
MBE (1 time)
2017 Replacing warfarin with a novel oral anticoagulant: Risk of recurrent bleeding and stroke in patients with warfarin ineligible or failure in patients with atrial fibrillation (The ROAR study).
78  warm ischemia time
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
NHBD (1 time)
2006 Segmental liver transplantation from non-heart beating donors--an early experience with implications for the future.
79  warm ischemia/reperfusion
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BBI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2011 Renal protection from prolonged cold ischemia and warm reperfusion in hibernating squirrels.
80  washins
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
WO (1 time)
1996 Multiple-breath washout and washin experiments in steers.
81  Wasilewska index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2009 Diversity of soil nematodes in areas polluted with heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Lanzhou, China.
82  waste input
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
OC (1 time)
2009 Influence of operational conditions, waste input and ageing on contaminant leaching from waste incinerator bottom ash: a full-scale study.
83  Wasting Index
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CIAF (1 time)
SI (1 time)
UI (1 time)
2010 Proposed new anthropometric indices of childhood undernutrition.
84  water imbibition
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2018 Tuning Surface Wettability through Hot Carrier Initiated Impact Ionization in Cold Plasma.
85  Water insecurity
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Household water insecurity is associated with a range of negative consequences among pregnant Kenyan women of mixed HIV status.
86  water insoluble fraction
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HCW (1 time)
MALDI-TOF MS (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2000 Application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry to insoluble glucose oligomers in decomposed cellulose.
87  water instead of ethanol
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
2003 Role of PGE2 in the development of pancreatic injury induced by chronic alcohol feeding in rats.
88  water iodine concentration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RNI (1 time)
UL (1 time)
2011 Dietary iodine intake in the Chinese population.
89  water-irrigated
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CWC (1 time)
DS (1 time)
Pn (1 time)
2016 Cuticular Wax Accumulation Is Associated with Drought Tolerance in Wheat Near-Isogenic Lines.
90  wave I
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
DPOAEs (1 time)
TEOAEs (1 time)
2003 Susceptibility of young adult and old rats to noise-induced hearing loss.
91  waveform indices
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
RI (1 time)
1988 Umbilical artery blood velocimetry: a prospective longitudinal study in search of the intrauterine growth-retarded fetus.
92  Waveguide Invariant
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Understanding deep-water striation patterns and predicting the waveguide invariant as a distribution depending on range and depth.
93  Wavelet-Information
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Extracting information in spike time patterns with wavelets and information theory.
94  waveletbased indices
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GMI (1 time)
HE (1 time)
meanstd.dev (1 time)
2013 A comparison of EMG-based muscle fatigue assessments during dynamic contractions.
95  waviness index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 The effects of age, vessel size, and Ehlers-Danlos type IV syndrome on the waviness index of arteries.
96  weaning
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
MH (1 time)
MW (1 time)
YH (1 time)
2013 Analysis of genetic correlations of hip height with selection indices and mature weight in Nelore cattle.
97  web invasion
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
DPM (1 time)
PG (1 time)
WP (1 time)
2018 Response of the predatory mite Cydnoseius negevi (Acari: Phytoseiidae) to webbing of the date palm mite, Oligonychus afrasiaticus (Acari: Tetranychidae), on date palm fruits and leaves.
98  Web-Based Intervention
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
UC (1 time)
2016 Web-Based Intervention for Transitioning Smokers From Inpatient to Outpatient Care: An RCT.
99  wedge increments
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
1996 Finite element stress analysis of three filling techniques for class V light-cured composite restorations.
100  Weekly Impact
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ASDD (1 time)
DLQI (1 time)
GT (1 time)
2018 Topical Glycopyrronium Tosylate for the Treatment of Primary Axillary Hyperhidrosis: Patient-Reported Outcomes from the ATMOS-1 and ATMOS-2 Phase III Randomized Controlled Trials.