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Abbreviation: WL
Appearance Frequency: 1738 time(s)
Long forms: 223

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
weight loss
(347 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(96 times)
BMI (56 times)
WS (22 times)
RYGB (17 times)
1989 [Anorexia nervosa: endocrine function during the phases of body weight loss and recovery].
white light
(214 times)
Urology
(28 times)
NBI (54 times)
BL (29 times)
RL (23 times)
1978 Light requirement, phytochrome and photoperiodic induction of flowering of Pharbitis nil Chois : I. No correlation between photomorphogenetic and photoperiodic effects of light pretreatment.
working length
(141 times)
Dentistry
(104 times)
EALs (16 times)
NiTi (12 times)
EAL (9 times)
1994 Placement accuracy of electrically conductive gutta-percha.
waiting list
(125 times)
Transplantation
(29 times)
HCC (17 times)
LT (15 times)
CBT (11 times)
1990 Efficacy of self-hypnosis for tinnitus relief.
waitlist
(125 times)
Psychology
(33 times)
CBT (19 times)
PTSD (13 times)
SAD (9 times)
1982 Anxiety management with schizophrenic outpatients.
White Leghorn
(116 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(63 times)
RIR (16 times)
JF (7 times)
RJF (7 times)
1971 [Daily rhythm of total proteins in the liver of White Leghorns (WL) cockerels].
wire localization
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
RSL (20 times)
WAL (8 times)
MR (4 times)
2000 Weak localization in antidot arrays: signature of classical chaos
wait-list control
(34 times)
Psychology
(15 times)
CBT (5 times)
PTSD (5 times)
PE (4 times)
1990 Effectiveness of behavioral therapy for chronic low back pain: a component analysis.
water loss
(29 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(6 times)
SG (13 times)
OD (10 times)
aw (4 times)
1984 Local sweat stimulation with the skin prick technique.
10  wait-list control group
(26 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CBT (5 times)
PST (3 times)
ACT (2 times)
1980 The effects of behavior therapy, self-relaxation, and transcendental meditation on cardiovascular stress response.
11  workload
(25 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
HR (8 times)
MS (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1986 The influence of furosemide on heart rate and oxygen uptake in exercising man.
12  wetting layer
(24 times)
Nanotechnology
(14 times)
QD (7 times)
QDs (6 times)
PL (4 times)
2005 Rabi oscillation damped by exciton leakage and Auger capture in quantum dots.
13  wavelength
(22 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
AF (5 times)
APD (4 times)
CV (4 times)
1996 Dentin ablation with three infrared lasers.
14  waterlogging
(13 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ST (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
2006 Microelectrode ion and O2 fluxes measurements reveal differential sensitivity of barley root tissues to hypoxia.
15  weightlifters
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
AAS (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1982 Echocardiographic dimensions in athletes in relation to their training programs.
16  water level
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ENSO (2 times)
WT (2 times)
APA (1 time)
2014 Can mercury in fish be reduced by water level management? Evaluating the effects of water level fluctuation on mercury accumulation in yellow perch (Perca flavescens).
17  weightlifting
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
CMJ (3 times)
PL (3 times)
SJ (2 times)
1980 Skeletal muscle fiber splitting with weight-lifting exercise in rats.
18  Winston-Lutz
(12 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
QA (4 times)
CBCT (3 times)
kV (3 times)
2012 SU-E-T-405: A Whole-Procedure Winston-Lutz Test for Quality Assurance of a Bite- Block Based Extend Frame System for Delivering Multi-Session Stereotactic Radiosurgery.
19  Wood-Ljungdahl
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ACS (1 time)
ANI (1 time)
ASV (1 time)
2013 The restricted metabolism of the obligate organohalide respiring bacterium Dehalobacter restrictus: lessons from tiered functional genomics.
20  working levels
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
WLM (4 times)
CI (2 times)
AECB (1 time)
1980 The decontamination of radium from a commercial building located in a large Canadian city.
21  window level
(10 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
WW (7 times)
HU (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
1982 [Experimental and clinical studies on the diagnostic value of CT-myelography using a water-soluble contrast medium, metrizamide].
22  Wang-Landau
(9 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
DOS (2 times)
CG (1 time)
EST (1 time)
2008 Bridging coarse-grained models by jump-in-sample simulations.
23  white light endoscopy
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
NBI (3 times)
PDD (3 times)
AIM (1 time)
2004 [Value of the photodynamic method in the diagnosis of superficial bladder tumors].
24  waiting-list condition
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ADI (1 time)
B4DT (1 time)
2009 Parent-child interaction therapy for Puerto Rican preschool children with ADHD and behavior problems: a pilot efficacy study.
25  waveform length
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
MAV (4 times)
RMS (3 times)
SSC (3 times)
2010 Decoding subtle forearm flexions using fractal features of surface electromyogram from single and multiple sensors.
26  Whiteside's line
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PCA (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
2011 Kinematic analysis of the flexion axis for correct femoral component placement.
27  whole liver
(7 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AC_SC (1 time)
AP-PA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2005 Living donor and split-liver transplants in hepatitis C recipients: does liver regeneration increase the risk for recurrence?
28  wing length
(7 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
DT (2 times)
SCTN (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2000 Temporal uniformity of the spontaneous mutational variance of quantitative traits in Drosophila melanogaster.
29  waiting list control condition
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BED (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1998 Group cognitive-behavioral treatment of binge eating disorder: a comparison of therapist-led versus self-help formats.
30  water-limited
(6 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(4 times)
WW (5 times)
GY (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
2015 Physiological responses related to increased grain yield under drought in the first biotechnology-derived drought-tolerant maize.
31  weight loss alone
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
aBMD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 Moderate exercise attenuates the loss of skeletal muscle mass that occurs with intentional caloric restriction-induced weight loss in older, overweight to obese adults.
32  white line
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HRXANES (1 time)
MUFA (1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
1988 Effects of white lupine in diets of growing turkeys.
33  whole lumbar lordosis
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
VAS (5 times)
ODI (4 times)
ALIF (3 times)
2009 Mini-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion versus anterior lumbar interbody fusion augmented by percutaneous pedicle screw fixation: a comparison of surgical outcomes in adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.
34  whole-lesion
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ROI (4 times)
ccRCC (3 times)
pRCC (3 times)
2012 Histogram analysis of whole-lesion enhancement in differentiating clear cell from papillary subtype of renal cell cancer.
35  waiting list group
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AO (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
KO (2 times)
2011 Interaction and efficacy of Keigai-rengyo-to extract and acupuncture in male patients with acne vulgaris: a study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial.
36  wedelolactone
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
DWL (1 time)
EZH2 (1 time)
2003 Trypsin inhibitory effect of wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone.
37  whiplash
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FHAP (1 time)
FM (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1992 Three-dimensional head kinematics and clinical outcome of patients with neck injury treated with spinal manipulative therapy: a pilot study.
38  whole-lung
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
FVC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2002 Expression of activation markers on alveolar macrophages in allergic asthmatics after endobronchial or whole-lung allergen challenge.
39  wide-lane
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
NL (3 times)
PPP (3 times)
AR (2 times)
2015 Instantaneous Real-Time Kinematic Decimeter-Level Positioning with BeiDou Triple-Frequency Signals over Medium Baselines.
40  wire-guided localization
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
RSL (3 times)
BCS (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
2008 Radioguided breast surgery for occult lesion localization - correlation between two methods.
41  woodland
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GL (3 times)
CR (2 times)
SOM (2 times)
2005 Vertical Distribution of Bacterivorous Nematodes under Different Land Uses.
42  wound length
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
WF (2 times)
AoA (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
1976 The burst abdominal wound: a mechanical approach.
43  wait-list group
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
DBT (1 time)
2010 Clinical trial of a formal group fatigue program in multiple sclerosis.
44  Warning Labels
(4 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
GDA (3 times)
MTL (3 times)
FOP (1 time)
2019 Understanding and use of food labeling systems among Whites and Latinos in the United States and among Mexicans: Results from the International Food Policy Study, 2017.
45  weight-for-length
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
LA (3 times)
WA (3 times)
CDC (1 time)
1999 Growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed infants in the first 12 months of life: an Italian study.
46  wetland
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
14C-SOC (1 time)
AIVs (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2015 Detection of critical LUCC indices and sensitive watershed regions related to lake algal blooms: a case study of Taihu Lake.
47  white line disease
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SU (4 times)
DE (2 times)
IH (2 times)
2010 Claw health index for Dutch dairy cattle based on claw trimming and conformation data.
48  wine lees
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
EF (1 time)
EG (1 time)
2007 Short-term carbon and nitrogen mineralisation in soil amended with winery and distillery organic wastes.
49  wing loading
(4 times)
Ecology
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
FMR (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2007 Wing morphology and flight behavior of pelecaniform seabirds.
50  wall lesion
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IZ (1 time)
2005 Fluoride release and secondary caries inhibition by adhesive systems on root dentine.
51  water table level
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
PFTs (1 time)
WLD (1 time)
2008 Temperature responses to infrared-loading and water table manipulations in peatland mesocosms.
52  weight loss group
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
EE (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2019 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) of Neural Responses to Visual and Auditory Food Stimuli Pre and Post Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG).
53  weight-losing
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
1987 Fatty acid and glycerol kinetics in septic patients and in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. The response to glucose infusion and parenteral feeding.
54  white light laparoscopy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
AFI (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic fluorescence diagnosis of peritoneal metastases from human hepatoblastoma in nude rats.
55  white-lipped
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
EBV (2 times)
cRNA (1 time)
1975 Response of marmosets to experimental infection with Epstein-Barr virus.
56  Whitnall's ligament
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ITL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LF (1 time)
1996 Two fibromuscular transverse ligaments related to the levator palpebrae superioris: Whitnall's ligament and an intermuscular transverse ligament.
57  Wistar Lewis
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CsA (3 times)
JHMV (3 times)
LE (2 times)
1987 In vivo and in vitro models of demyelinating disease, XXIII: Infection by JHM virus of athymic rats.
58  waitlisted dialysis patients
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
eGFR (1 time)
OSAS (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2005 Restless Legs Syndrome in patients after renal transplantation.
59  walking on land
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
SW (1 time)
WE (1 time)
2006 Aerobic exercise in water versus walking on land: effects on indices of fat reduction and weight loss of obese women.
60  waste leachate
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
FVR (1 time)
FW (1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2015 The positive effects of waste leachate addition on methane fermentation from food waste in batch trials.
61  weightlessness
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
SWL (2 times)
1995 The study on the mechanism of G intolerance of rabbits after simulated weightlessness.
62  wheel-locked
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Ankrd2 (1 time)
Csrp3 (1 time)
WO (1 time)
1991 Elevated body temperature in female rats after exercise.
63  White Leghorn layers
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
RJF (2 times)
CFL (1 time)
2009 Domestication and stress effects on contrafreeloading and spatial learning performance in red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) and White Leghorn layers.
64  white lesions
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OLP (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2010 Assessment of caries experience in 12-year-old adolescents in Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
65  widely linear
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
SL (2 times)
IQ (1 time)
SGD (1 time)
2015 Performance Bounds of Quaternion Estimators.
66  Wistar lean
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
WF (2 times)
AS (1 time)
AUb (1 time)
1994 Ubiquitin expression in atherosclerotic lesions of wistar fatty and wistar lean rats.
67  Wood's lamp
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
UVL (1 time)
1999 Wood's lamp utility in the identification of semen.
68  Wood's light
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2009 A study of the way in which dermatologists and photosensitive patients apply sunscreen in China.
69  word list
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SRTT (1 time)
VC (1 time)
VR (1 time)
2005 Visual memory testing in older adults with age-related visual decline: a measure of memory performance or visual functioning?
70  work-loop
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EDL (2 times)
DIA (1 time)
SOL (1 time)
2017 The effect of obesity on the contractile performance of isolated mouse soleus, EDL, and diaphragm muscles.
71  worm-like
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
MAS (1 time)
2010 Differences in the molecular structure of beta(2)-microglobulin between two morphologically different amyloid fibrils.
72  written language
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
OL (2 times)
SL (1 time)
1981 Acquisition of oral and written language in children with severely impaired hearing.
73  long-term whey
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2015 Usage of whey protein may cause liver damage via inflammatory and apoptotic responses.
74  low window
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ASW (1 time)
FWTM (1 time)
LSF (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of various energy windows at different radionuclides for scatter and attenuation correction in nuclear medicine.
75  lung weight
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
VL (1 time)
1992 A comparative study of postpneumonectomy compensatory lung response in growing male and female rats.
76  post-weaning period throughout life
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
PND (1 time)
1999 The influence of developmental period of lead exposure on long-term potentiation in the adult rat dentate gyrus in vivo.
77  wage levels
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FDI (1 time)
IFL (1 time)
NESE (1 time)
2020 Investigating network structure of cross-regional environmental spillover effects and driving factors.
78  waistline
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2015 Correlation between polymorphism of FTO gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Uygur people from northwest China.
79  waistline measurement
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
IWQOL (1 time)
2009 Physical training combined with dietary measures in the treatment of adult obesity. A comparison of two protocols.
80  wait list period
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2017 Metacognitive Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Waiting List Randomized Controlled Trial with Six Months Follow-Up.
81  wait-list usual care
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2019 Warrior Wellness: A randomized controlled pilot trial of the effects of exercise on physical function and clinical health risk factors in older military veterans with PTSD.
82  wait-listed for VSG
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
VSG (1 time)
2018 Cognitive Performance as Predictor and Outcome of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery: A Nonrandomized Pilot Study.
83  wait-listing
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DAA (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2017 Reduction in liver transplant wait-listing in the era of direct-acting antiviral therapy.
84  waiting list comparison group
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HPI (1 time)
NF (1 time)
2012 Assessment of brief interventions for nighttime fears in preschool children.
85  waiting list for a transplant
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2015 [The Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Lung Transplant Candidates and Recipients].
86  waiting list for a Tx
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
SLEPT (1 time)
2010 Sleep apnea is associated with cardiovascular risk factors among kidney transplant patients.
87  Wald test on locations
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
2005 Model selection in spatio-temporal electromagnetic source analysis.
88  Wales
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DK (1 time)
HU (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2008 Root-surface phosphatase activity in shrublands across a European gradient: effects of warming.
89  walking lunge
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GMed (1 time)
NT (1 time)
2015 Does the Dumbbell-Carrying Position Change the Muscle Activity in Split Squats and Walking Lunges?
90  walking tolerability
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATPT (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2016 The Periosteal Autografts Transplantation for Cartilage Defects of the Hip in Older Children With Developmental Dysplasia as an Adjunctive Procedure.
91  wall labyrinth
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
MYB (1 time)
TCs (1 time)
2020 Transfer cells: what regulates the development of their intricate wall labyrinths?
92  wall lining
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ITWL (1 time)
LLINs (1 time)
NWH (1 time)
2014 Combining organophosphate-treated wall linings and long-lasting insecticidal nets fails to provide additional control over long-lasting insecticidal nets alone against multiple insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in Cote d'Ivoire: an experimental hut trial.
93  Wallerstein Laboratory
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Analysis of non-Saccharomyces yeast populations isolated from grape musts from Sicily (Italy).
94  Wallerstein Nutrient
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Spoilage of bottled red wine by acetic acid bacteria.
95  Walnut leaf
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS (1 time)
2020 Identifying potential active components of walnut leaf that action diabetes mellitus through integration of UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS and network pharmacology analysis.
96  War Logs
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
IBC's (1 time)
2013 WikiLeaks and Iraq Body Count: the sum of parts may not add up to the whole-a comparison of two tallies of Iraqi civilian deaths.
97  Wark-Lovering
(1 time)
CAI (1 time)
2020 A Coordinated Microstructural and Isotopic Study of a Wark-Lovering Rim on a Vigarano CAI.
98  warm lateral condensation
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CW (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1999 Comparison of the obturation of lateral canals by six techniques.
99  warmth-liking
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ASY (1 time)
DA (1 time)
WE (1 time)
2018 Effects of positive emotion, extraversion, and dopamine on cognitive stability-flexibility and frontal EEG asymmetry.
100  Warndt Luisenthal
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ECBM (1 time)
2011 Wettability determination by contact angle measurements: hvbB coal-water system with injection of synthetic flue gas and CO2.