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Abbreviation: WL
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Long forms: 192

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
weight loss
(274 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(76 times)
BMI (42 times)
WS (18 times)
RYGB (13 times)
1989 [Anorexia nervosa: endocrine function during the phases of body weight loss and recovery].
white light
(178 times)
Gastroenterology
(24 times)
NBI (48 times)
BL (26 times)
RL (20 times)
1978 Light requirement, phytochrome and photoperiodic induction of flowering of Pharbitis nil Chois : I. No correlation between photomorphogenetic and photoperiodic effects of light pretreatment.
working length
(125 times)
Dentistry
(97 times)
EALs (13 times)
NiTi (10 times)
EAL (7 times)
1994 Placement accuracy of electrically conductive gutta-percha.
White Leghorn
(112 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(62 times)
RIR (15 times)
JF (7 times)
RJF (7 times)
1971 [Daily rhythm of total proteins in the liver of White Leghorns (WL) cockerels].
waiting list
(106 times)
Transplantation
(23 times)
HCC (17 times)
LT (13 times)
CBT (9 times)
1990 Efficacy of self-hypnosis for tinnitus relief.
waitlist
(97 times)
Psychology
(28 times)
CBT (14 times)
PTSD (12 times)
IT (6 times)
1982 Anxiety management with schizophrenic outpatients.
wire localization
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
RSL (18 times)
WAL (8 times)
MR (4 times)
2000 Weak localization in antidot arrays: signature of classical chaos
wait-list control
(37 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
CBT (6 times)
PTSD (5 times)
PE (3 times)
1990 Effectiveness of behavioral therapy for chronic low back pain: a component analysis.
water loss
(24 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(5 times)
SG (9 times)
OD (8 times)
aw (4 times)
1984 Local sweat stimulation with the skin prick technique.
10  workload
(24 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
HR (8 times)
MS (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1986 The influence of furosemide on heart rate and oxygen uptake in exercising man.
11  waitlist control group
(21 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CBT (5 times)
PD (2 times)
PD/AG (2 times)
1980 The effects of behavior therapy, self-relaxation, and transcendental meditation on cardiovascular stress response.
12  wetting layer
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(14 times)
QD (6 times)
PL (4 times)
QDs (4 times)
2005 Rabi oscillation damped by exciton leakage and Auger capture in quantum dots.
13  wavelength
(19 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
AF (4 times)
ERP (4 times)
VF (4 times)
1996 Dentin ablation with three infrared lasers.
14  weightlifters
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
AAS (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1982 Echocardiographic dimensions in athletes in relation to their training programs.
15  weightlifting
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CMJ (3 times)
PL (2 times)
SJ (2 times)
1980 Skeletal muscle fiber splitting with weight-lifting exercise in rats.
16  working levels
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
WLM (4 times)
CI (2 times)
AECB (1 time)
1980 The decontamination of radium from a commercial building located in a large Canadian city.
17  Wang-Landau
(9 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
DOS (2 times)
CG (1 time)
EST (1 time)
2008 Bridging coarse-grained models by jump-in-sample simulations.
18  waterlogging
(9 times)
Botany
(4 times)
ST (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
2006 Microelectrode ion and O2 fluxes measurements reveal differential sensitivity of barley root tissues to hypoxia.
19  window level
(9 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
WW (6 times)
BT (1 time)
BTA (1 time)
1982 [Experimental and clinical studies on the diagnostic value of CT-myelography using a water-soluble contrast medium, metrizamide].
20  water level
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WT (2 times)
APA (1 time)
AUT-SUM (1 time)
2014 Can mercury in fish be reduced by water level management? Evaluating the effects of water level fluctuation on mercury accumulation in yellow perch (Perca flavescens).
21  white light cystoscopy
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
NBI (3 times)
PDD (3 times)
AIM (1 time)
2004 [Value of the photodynamic method in the diagnosis of superficial bladder tumors].
22  Whiteside's line
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PCA (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
2011 Kinematic analysis of the flexion axis for correct femoral component placement.
23  whole liver
(7 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AC_SC (1 time)
AP-PA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2005 Living donor and split-liver transplants in hepatitis C recipients: does liver regeneration increase the risk for recurrence?
24  Winston-Lutz
(7 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
kV (2 times)
MV (2 times)
SRS (2 times)
2012 SU-E-T-405: A Whole-Procedure Winston-Lutz Test for Quality Assurance of a Bite- Block Based Extend Frame System for Delivering Multi-Session Stereotactic Radiosurgery.
25  Wood-Ljungdahl
(7 times)
Environmental Microbiology
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CO (1 time)
CODH (1 time)
2013 The restricted metabolism of the obligate organohalide respiring bacterium Dehalobacter restrictus: lessons from tiered functional genomics.
26  waiting list control condition
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BED (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1998 Group cognitive-behavioral treatment of binge eating disorder: a comparison of therapist-led versus self-help formats.
27  waveform length
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
MAV (3 times)
RMS (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
2010 Decoding subtle forearm flexions using fractal features of surface electromyogram from single and multiple sensors.
28  weight loss alone
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
aBMD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 Moderate exercise attenuates the loss of skeletal muscle mass that occurs with intentional caloric restriction-induced weight loss in older, overweight to obese adults.
29  white line
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HRXANES (1 time)
MUFA (1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
1988 Effects of white lupine in diets of growing turkeys.
30  whole lumbar lordosis
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
VAS (5 times)
ODI (4 times)
ALIF (3 times)
2009 Mini-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion versus anterior lumbar interbody fusion augmented by percutaneous pedicle screw fixation: a comparison of surgical outcomes in adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.
31  wing length
(6 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
DT (2 times)
SCTN (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2000 Temporal uniformity of the spontaneous mutational variance of quantitative traits in Drosophila melanogaster.
32  waiting list group
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AO (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
KO (2 times)
2011 Interaction and efficacy of Keigai-rengyo-to extract and acupuncture in male patients with acne vulgaris: a study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial.
33  whole-lung
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
FVC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2002 Expression of activation markers on alveolar macrophages in allergic asthmatics after endobronchial or whole-lung allergen challenge.
34  word length
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
WF (2 times)
AoA (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
1976 The burst abdominal wound: a mechanical approach.
35  weight-for-length
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
LA (3 times)
WA (3 times)
CDC (1 time)
1999 Growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed infants in the first 12 months of life: an Italian study.
36  wetland
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
14C-SOC (1 time)
AIVs (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2015 Detection of critical LUCC indices and sensitive watershed regions related to lake algal blooms: a case study of Taihu Lake.
37  whiplash
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FHAP (1 time)
FM (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1992 Three-dimensional head kinematics and clinical outcome of patients with neck injury treated with spinal manipulative therapy: a pilot study.
38  white line disease
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SU (4 times)
DE (2 times)
IH (2 times)
2010 Claw health index for Dutch dairy cattle based on claw trimming and conformation data.
39  whole-lesion
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ccRCC (3 times)
pRCC (3 times)
ROI (3 times)
2012 Histogram analysis of whole-lesion enhancement in differentiating clear cell from papillary subtype of renal cell cancer.
40  wine lees
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
EF (1 time)
EG (1 time)
2007 Short-term carbon and nitrogen mineralisation in soil amended with winery and distillery organic wastes.
41  wing loading
(4 times)
Ecology
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
FMR (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2007 Wing morphology and flight behavior of pelecaniform seabirds.
42  wire-guided localization
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
RSL (2 times)
BCS (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
2008 Radioguided breast surgery for occult lesion localization - correlation between two methods.
43  woodland
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
GL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2005 Vertical Distribution of Bacterivorous Nematodes under Different Land Uses.
44  Waitlist group
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
EG (1 time)
2010 Clinical trial of a formal group fatigue program in multiple sclerosis.
45  wall lesion
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IZ (1 time)
2005 Fluoride release and secondary caries inhibition by adhesive systems on root dentine.
46  water table level
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
PFTs (1 time)
WLD (1 time)
2008 Temperature responses to infrared-loading and water table manipulations in peatland mesocosms.
47  water-limited
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
QTL (2 times)
WW (2 times)
CID (1 time)
2015 Physiological responses related to increased grain yield under drought in the first biotechnology-derived drought-tolerant maize.
48  wedelolactone
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
DWL (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2003 Trypsin inhibitory effect of wedelolactone and demethylwedelolactone.
49  weight-losing
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
1987 Fatty acid and glycerol kinetics in septic patients and in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. The response to glucose infusion and parenteral feeding.
50  white light laparoscopy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
AFI (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic fluorescence diagnosis of peritoneal metastases from human hepatoblastoma in nude rats.
51  white-lipped
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
EBV (2 times)
cRNA (1 time)
1975 Response of marmosets to experimental infection with Epstein-Barr virus.
52  Wistar Lewis
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CsA (3 times)
JHMV (3 times)
LE (2 times)
1987 In vivo and in vitro models of demyelinating disease, XXIII: Infection by JHM virus of athymic rats.
53  waitlisted dialysis patients
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
eGFR (1 time)
OSAS (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2005 Restless Legs Syndrome in patients after renal transplantation.
54  walking on land
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
SW (1 time)
WE (1 time)
2006 Aerobic exercise in water versus walking on land: effects on indices of fat reduction and weight loss of obese women.
55  washed leachate
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
FVR (1 time)
FW (1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2015 The positive effects of waste leachate addition on methane fermentation from food waste in batch trials.
56  weightlessness
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
SWL (2 times)
1995 The study on the mechanism of G intolerance of rabbits after simulated weightlessness.
57  wheel-lock
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AnkrD2 (1 time)
Csrp3 (1 time)
WO (1 time)
1991 Elevated body temperature in female rats after exercise.
58  White Leghorn layer
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
RJF (2 times)
CFL (1 time)
2009 Domestication and stress effects on contrafreeloading and spatial learning performance in red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) and White Leghorn layers.
59  white lesions
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OLP (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2010 Assessment of caries experience in 12-year-old adolescents in Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
60  Whitnall's ligament
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ITL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1996 Two fibromuscular transverse ligaments related to the levator palpebrae superioris: Whitnall's ligament and an intermuscular transverse ligament.
61  wide-lane
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2015 Instantaneous Real-Time Kinematic Decimeter-Level Positioning with BeiDou Triple-Frequency Signals over Medium Baselines.
62  Wistar lean
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
WF (2 times)
AS (1 time)
AUb (1 time)
1994 Ubiquitin expression in atherosclerotic lesions of wistar fatty and wistar lean rats.
63  Wood's lamp
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
UVL (1 time)
1999 Wood's lamp utility in the identification of semen.
64  Wood's light
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2009 A study of the way in which dermatologists and photosensitive patients apply sunscreen in China.
65  work-loop
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EDL (2 times)
DIA (1 time)
SOL (1 time)
2017 The effect of obesity on the contractile performance of isolated mouse soleus, EDL, and diaphragm muscles.
66  worm-like
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
MAS (1 time)
2010 Differences in the molecular structure of beta(2)-microglobulin between two morphologically different amyloid fibrils.
67  written language
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
OL (2 times)
SL (1 time)
1981 Acquisition of oral and written language in children with severely impaired hearing.
68  long-term whey
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2015 Usage of whey protein may cause liver damage via inflammatory and apoptotic responses.
69  low window
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ASW (1 time)
FWTM (1 time)
LSF (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of various energy windows at different radionuclides for scatter and attenuation correction in nuclear medicine.
70  lung weight
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
VL (1 time)
1992 A comparative study of postpneumonectomy compensatory lung response in growing male and female rats.
71  post-weaning period throughout life
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
PND (1 time)
1999 The influence of developmental period of lead exposure on long-term potentiation in the adult rat dentate gyrus in vivo.
72  waistline
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2015 Correlation between polymorphism of FTO gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Uygur people from northwest China.
73  waistline measurement
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
IWQOL (1 time)
2009 Physical training combined with dietary measures in the treatment of adult obesity. A comparison of two protocols.
74  wait list period
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2017 Metacognitive Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Waiting List Randomized Controlled Trial with Six Months Follow-Up.
75  wait-listed for VSG
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
VSG (1 time)
2018 Cognitive Performance as Predictor and Outcome of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery: A Nonrandomized Pilot Study.
76  wait-listing
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DAA (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2017 Reduction in liver transplant wait-listing in the era of direct-acting antiviral therapy.
77  waiting list comparison group
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HPI (1 time)
NF (1 time)
2012 Assessment of brief interventions for nighttime fears in preschool children.
78  waiting list for a transplant
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2015 [The Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Lung Transplant Candidates and Recipients].
79  waiting list for a Tx
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
SLEPT (1 time)
2010 Sleep apnea is associated with cardiovascular risk factors among kidney transplant patients.
80  Wald test on locations
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
2005 Model selection in spatio-temporal electromagnetic source analysis.
81  Wales
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DK (1 time)
HU (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2008 Root-surface phosphatase activity in shrublands across a European gradient: effects of warming.
82  walking lunge
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GMed (1 time)
NT (1 time)
2015 Does the Dumbbell-Carrying Position Change the Muscle Activity in Split Squats and Walking Lunges?
83  walking tolerability
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATPT (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2016 The Periosteal Autografts Transplantation for Cartilage Defects of the Hip in Older Children With Developmental Dysplasia as an Adjunctive Procedure.
84  wall lining
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ITWL (1 time)
LLINs (1 time)
NWH (1 time)
2014 Combining organophosphate-treated wall linings and long-lasting insecticidal nets fails to provide additional control over long-lasting insecticidal nets alone against multiple insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in Cote d'Ivoire: an experimental hut trial.
85  Wallerstein Laboratory
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Analysis of non-Saccharomyces yeast populations isolated from grape musts from Sicily (Italy).
86  Wallerstein Nutrient
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Spoilage of bottled red wine by acetic acid bacteria.
87  War Logs
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
IBC's (1 time)
2013 WikiLeaks and Iraq Body Count: the sum of parts may not add up to the whole-a comparison of two tallies of Iraqi civilian deaths.
88  warm lateral condensation
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CW (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1999 Comparison of the obturation of lateral canals by six techniques.
89  warmth-liking
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ASY (1 time)
DA (1 time)
WE (1 time)
2018 Effects of positive emotion, extraversion, and dopamine on cognitive stability-flexibility and frontal EEG asymmetry.
90  Warndt Luisenthal
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ECBM (1 time)
2011 Wettability determination by contact angle measurements: hvbB coal-water system with injection of synthetic flue gas and CO2.
91  warning leak
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
pts (1 time)
1991 Importance of the recognition of a warning leak as a sign of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm.
92  Warning Letter
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AHCs (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
S-Is (1 time)
2013 Warning letters to sponsor-investigators at academic health centres - the regulatory "canaries in a coal mine".
93  warning line
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
F-T (1 time)
LUL (1 time)
QE (1 time)
2017 Effect of the look-up line on the gaze and head orientation of elite ice hockey players.
94  washed leaf
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2013 Anti-inflammatory effects of phenolic crude extracts from five fractions of Corchorus Olitorius L.
95  waste lime
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
GW (1 time)
2018 Effects of waste lime and Chinese medicinal herbal residue amendments on physical, chemical, and microbial properties during green waste composting.
96  water and land-based exercise
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
SFT (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2016 Treadmill training combined with water and land-based exercise programs: Effects on Parkinson's disease patients.
97  Water lavage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CRS-HIPEC (1 time)
2017 Water lavage as an adjunct to cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC).
98  water lettuce biomass
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Nutrient changes and biodynamics of Eisenia fetida during vermicomposting of water lettuce (Pistia sp.) biomass: a noxious weed of aquatic system.
99  water lily
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
UVB (1 time)
2016 Protection on Skin Aging Mediated by Antiapoptosis Effects of the Water Lily (Nymphaea Tetragona Georgi) via Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes.
100  water limitation
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TNC (1 time)
WW (1 time)
2009 Drought tolerance of two black poplar (Populus nigra L.) clones: contribution of carbohydrates and oxidative stress defence.