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Abbreviation: WR
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Long forms: 260

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
washout rate
(184 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(72 times)
MIBG (71 times)
LVEF (33 times)
CHF (29 times)
1985 [Severity of coronary artery lesion by washout rate (WR) in exercise myocardial scintigraphy].
work rate
(102 times)
Physiology
(44 times)
HR (31 times)
VT (11 times)
PRBS (7 times)
1987 Oxygen deficit-oxygen debt relationships in ponies during submaximal treadmill exercise.
Western Reserve
(50 times)
Virology
(34 times)
VACV (17 times)
MVA (12 times)
EEV (4 times)
1990 Biological characterization of recombinant vaccinia viruses in mice infected by the respiratory route.
Wistar rats
(45 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
SHR (31 times)
WKY (4 times)
LER (3 times)
1977 Capillary pressure in deep and superficial glomeruli of the rat kidney.
white rice
(42 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
BR (24 times)
GBR (7 times)
PGBR (6 times)
2005 Insoluble fiber is a major constituent responsible for lowering the post-prandial blood glucose concentration in the pre-germinated brown rice.
Waldeyer's ring
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
DLBCL (9 times)
OS (7 times)
EBV (6 times)
1985 Primary lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring. Clinicopathologic study of 68 cases.
Walter Reed
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HIV (8 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
PBMC (3 times)
1988 Prognostic usefulness of the Walter Reed staging classification for HIV infection.
weight regain
(26 times)
Metabolism
(16 times)
RYGB (6 times)
WL (6 times)
SG (5 times)
2007 Validity of the leg-to-leg bioimpedance to estimate changes in body fat during weight loss and regain in overweight women: a comparison with multi-compartment models.
wedge resection
(25 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
AR (3 times)
OS (3 times)
CLM (2 times)
1976 The effects of ovarian wedge resection on circulating gonadotropin and ovarian steroid levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.
10  Wistar
(17 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SHR (6 times)
WKY (5 times)
SDR (3 times)
1982 Synergism of (15 S)-15-methyl-prostaglandin E1 with either azathioprine or prednisolone on the survival of heart allografts in rats.
11  weight reduction
(14 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
Nnmt (2 times)
1999 Eating control and physical activity as determinants of short-term weight maintenance after a very-low-calorie diet among obese women.
12  water absorption response
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
AII (4 times)
i.p (2 times)
ALDO (1 time)
1992 Effects of angiotensin II and bladder condition on hydration behavior and water uptake in the toad, Bufo woodhousei.
13  wide receiver
(11 times)
Physical Fitness
(9 times)
DB (10 times)
LB (9 times)
DL (8 times)
2008 Performance and blood pressure characteristics of first-year national collegiate athletic association division I football players.
14  weighed record
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
FFQ (3 times)
24-HR (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
1997 Calibration of a food frequency questionnaire developed for the South Asian community in the United Kingdom.
15  wild running
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
IC (3 times)
AS (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1991 Wild running and switch-off behavior elicited by electrical stimulation of the inferior colliculus: effect of anticonvulsant drugs.
16  walk ratio
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 The effects of an angiotensin-converting inhibitor (enalapril) on patients with mild cardiac failure--evaluating cardiac function based on the relationship between daily walking pace and heart rate.
17  ward round
(8 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ER (1 time)
OP (1 time)
PMH (1 time)
2014 Development of an evidence-based curriculum for training of ward-based surgical care.
18  word recognition
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SRT (2 times)
ERPs (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2007 Intratympanic gentamicin therapy for intractable Meniere's disease.
19  world records
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
BMQ (1 time)
Pc (1 time)
Pt (1 time)
2002 Forecasting of top athletic performance.
20  water restriction
(6 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
Chol (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
CREA (1 time)
1985 Adrenal responses to chronic and acute water stress in Japanese quail Coturnix japonica.
21  water-restricted
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CeA (1 time)
1984 Intakes of feed and water following restriction in selected and nonselected broilers.
22  weaning rate
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BCS (2 times)
PR (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1982 Beef X beef and dairy X beef females mated to Angus and Charolais sires II. Calf growth, weaning rate and cow productivity.
23  wrist ratio
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTS (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
WC (2 times)
2005 An evaluation of gender, body mass index, wrist circumference and wrist ratio as independent risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome.
24  waiting room
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EXR (1 time)
2001 Methodological issues in the recruitment of primary care patients with depression.
25  Wassermann reaction
(5 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
TPHA (2 times)
VDRL (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1979 Therapeutic effect of oral doxycycline on syphilis.
26  weight ratio
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BPEI (3 times)
AM (1 time)
AMV (1 time)
1989 Estimation of glomerular filtration rate in anorectic adolescents.
27  Weigle reactivation
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
UV (1 time)
WM (1 time)
XP (1 time)
1976 Infection of UV-irradiated xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblasts by herpes simplex virus: study of capacity and Weigle reactivation.
28  white rami
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BVS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
DR (1 time)
1969 Reflex discharges into thoracic white rami elicited by somatic and visceral afferent excitation.
29  Woollins' reagent
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IMes (1 time)
LR (1 time)
TBAF (1 time)
2005 A new synthesis of (PhPSe2)2 (Woollins reagent) and its use in the synthesis of novel P-Se heterocycles.
30  work-related
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
BMR (1 time)
DRD (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2004 Work-attributed symptom clusters (darkroom disease) among radiographers versus physiotherapists: associations between self-reported exposures and psychosocial stressors.
31  running wheels
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SED (3 times)
Con (1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
2004 The effects of chronic treadmill and wheel running on behavior in rats.
32  water repellency
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BSR (1 time)
2006 Amount of leachant and water absorption levels of wood treated with borates and water repellents.
33  water uptake
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
DD (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
PVA (2 times)
2013 Polyelectrolyte complex/PVA membranes for diffusion dialysis.
34  well-represented
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
URM (4 times)
BMS (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2014 Biomedical Science Ph.D. Career Interest Patterns by Race/Ethnicity and Gender.
35  Wolf-Rayet
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
SNe (2 times)
GRB (1 time)
LBVs (1 time)
2013 Gamma-ray burst progenitors and the population of rotating Wolf-Rayet stars.
36  Wolff rearrangement
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DMA (3 times)
IE (1 time)
ISC (1 time)
2008 Ultrafast UV-vis and IR studies of p-biphenylyl acetyl and carbomethoxy carbenes.
37  word reading
(4 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2007 Action and object processing in aphasia: from nouns and verbs to the effect of manipulability.
38  work reintegration
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
RTW (2 times)
2013 Bearing the brunt: co-workers' experiences of work reintegration processes.
39  working range
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
1-NP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1988 Monoclonal antibody-based immunoenzymetric assays for quantification of human IgG and its four subclasses.
40  WR-2721
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
i.p (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1994 Comparative investigation of anticlastogenic effects in cell cultures of healthy donors and patients with nettle-rash.
41  walking for recreation
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
WT (3 times)
CD (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2010 Sex- and age-specific seasonal variations in physical activity among adults.
42  WalkRounds
(3 times)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(2 times)
NICUs (1 time)
2014 Exposure to Leadership WalkRounds in neonatal intensive care units is associated with a better patient safety culture and less caregiver burnout.
43  warfarin resistance
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ER (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2005 Site-directed mutagenesis of coumarin-type anticoagulant-sensitive VKORC1: evidence that highly conserved amino acids define structural requirements for enzymatic activity and inhibition by warfarin.
44  warm
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BAT (1 time)
1995 Environmental effects on thermoregulation and breathing patterns during early postnatal development in hand-reared lambs.
45  water retention
(3 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
APT (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2000 Some nutritional and functional properties of defatted wheat germ protein.
46  wear resistance
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BFS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
2007 In vitro assessment of water resistance of sun care products: a reproducible and optimized in vitro test method.
47  wearable resistance
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
CMJ (2 times)
DJ (1 time)
2017 Acute kinematic and kinetic adaptations to wearable resistance during vertical jumping.
48  weight-reduced
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2011 Effects of chronic weight perturbation on energy homeostasis and brain structure in mice.
49  weighting factor
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ICRP (2 times)
ICRU (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
1996 Regional variation in radionuclide concentrations and radiation dose in caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in the Canadian Arctic; 1992-94.
50  Western Region
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BSC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1988 Factors affecting the selection of doctor of first contact in the western region of Melbourne: an interview study of parents of sick children.
51  White River
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BLR (1 time)
HGM (1 time)
2014 Metabolic pathways of anthelmintic drug monepantel in sheep and in its parasite (Haemonchus contortus).
52  whole reproducibility
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABR (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HL (1 time)
1999 Clinical applications of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions in the pediatric population.
53  whole rye
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LCFA (2 times)
DHA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2015 Germination and extrusion as combined processes for reducing phytates and increasing phenolics content and antioxidant capacity of Oryza sativa L. whole grain flours.
54  word recognition rate
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ASR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
2009 [Intelligibility of children with bilateral and unilateral cleft lip and palate].
55  workload
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CPET (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
1993 Comparison of metabolic and perceptual responses during maximal exercise on two ergometers: NOVA 5000 vs treadmill.
56  Wound retractor
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2013 A new application of a wound retractor for chest wall surgery.
57  wound-responsive
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
ACO (1 time)
IGS (1 time)
JA (1 time)
1998 Jasmonic acid-dependent and -independent wound signal transduction pathways are differentially regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin in Arabidopsis thaliana.
58  wrist
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1991 Cat Distal Forelimb Joints and Locomotion: An X-ray Study.
59  15-week-old control
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PGC-1alpha (2 times)
CPT I (1 time)
MCAD (1 time)
2009 Skeletal muscle characteristics of rats with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia.
60  constant-workrate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MVC (1 time)
WR50 (1 time)
2001 Effect of prior metabolic rate on the kinetics of oxygen uptake during moderate-intensity exercise.
61  running without a load
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BDNF (2 times)
SED (2 times)
AHN (1 time)
2012 Voluntary resistance running with short distance enhances spatial memory related to hippocampal BDNF signaling.
62  W-reactivation
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
WM (2 times)
RARFI (1 time)
1978 W-reactivation and W-mutagenesis of gamma-irradiated phage lambda.
63  wage-replacement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
RTW (1 time)
2013 Recurrence of work-related low back pain and disability: association between self-report and workers' compensation data.
64  Waito-c rice
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ITS (2 times)
PGP (2 times)
FCF (1 time)
2012 Fungal diversity and plant growth promotion of endophytic fungi from six halophytes in Suncheon Bay.
65  wakeful rest
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
DMN (1 time)
dPTE (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2017 Reentrant Information Flow in Electrophysiological Rat Default Mode Network.
66  walk-to-run
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PTS (1 time)
R-W (1 time)
2002 Are transitions in human gait determined by mechanical, kinetic or energetic factors?
67  walking rate
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
D value (1 time)
DRM (1 time)
EREE (1 time)
2009 Benefits of low-intensity pain-free treadmill exercise on functional capacity of individuals presenting with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease.
68  Walter Reed staging system
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
beta2-MG (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1990 CD4+:neopterin ratio correlates with p24 antigenaemia in HIV infected patients.
69  Wangyang River
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SR (2 times)
XR (2 times)
2016 Distributions, fluxes, and toxicities of heavy metals in sediment pore water from tributaries of the Ziya River system, northern China.
70  ward reduction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
2001 Gastroschisis reduction under analgesia in the neonatal unit.
71  warm-reared
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2008 Effect of warm-rearing and heat acclimation on pituitary-gonadal axis in male rats.
72  water
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
FA (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2010 Effects of solvent media and temperature on the self-aggregation of cationic dimeric surfactant 14-6-14, 2Br- studied by conductometric and fluorescence techniques.
73  water release
(2 times)
Food
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
TFR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of quality characteristics of chicken meat emulsion/nuggets prepared by using different equipment.
74  water runners
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
CS (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2016 Beneficial Effect of Moderate Exercise in Kidney of Rat after Chronic Consumption of Cola Drinks.
75  water-removed
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CWA (1 time)
LMA (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Estimation of area- and mass-based leaf nitrogen contents of wheat and rice crops from water-removed spectra using continuous wavelet analysis.
76  Watson-Reid
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
HEY (1 time)
LJ (1 time)
2009 Antibody recognition to secreted proteins of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sera from infected ruminants.
77  wave reflections
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Einc (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2001 Influence of timing and magnitude of arterial wave reflection on left ventricular relaxation.
78  weakly reactive
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
HB (1 time)
1989 Serum alpha-fetoprotein subfractions identified by Ricinus communis agglutinin I in hepatic malignancies, yolk sac tumor, benign hepatic diseases, and fetal stage.
79  Weber's ratio
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PSE (1 time)
2000 Joint position sense is impaired by Parkinson's disease.
80  Weedy rice
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
DAS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2010 Morphological Study of the Relationships between Weedy Rice Accessions (Oryza sativa Complex) and Commercial Rice Varieties in Pulau Pinang Rice Granary Area.
81  WEEV resistance
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
WEEV (2 times)
COAV (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
2006 Effects of time after infection, mosquito genotype, and infectious viral dose on the dynamics of Culex tarsalis vector competence for western equine encephalomyelitis virus.
82  Weigle-type reactivation
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ara-C (1 time)
BVDU (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1984 Repair of DNA following incorporation of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine into herpes simplex virus type 1.
83  Western
(2 times)
Greenhouse Effect
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
GAR (1 time)
NHIS (1 time)
2016 Carbon storage in Ghanaian cocoa ecosystems.
84  Western Reserve strain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
EEVs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2001 Enhanced CD8+ T cell immune response against a V3 loop multi-epitope polypeptide (TAB13) of HIV-1 Env after priming with purified fusion protein and booster with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA-TAB) recombinant: a comparison of humoral and cellular immune responses with the vaccinia virus Western Reserve (WR) vector.
85  WGA-resistant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FLC (2 times)
1989 Hyposialylation of high-molecular-weight membrane glycoproteins parallels the loss of metastatic potential in wheat-germ agglutinin-resistant Friend leukemia cells.
86  white recipients
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ECW (1 time)
GS (1 time)
1996 CREG matching for first cadaveric kidney transplants (TNX) performed by SEOPF centers between October 1987 and September 1995. Southeastern Organ Procurement Foundation.
87  white rock
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
HI (1 time)
ND (1 time)
1984 Minimum weight for onset of sexual maturity in female chickens: heritability and phenotypic and genetic correlations with early growth rate.
88  white rot
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
GHs (1 time)
PCW (1 time)
2017 Genetic Bases of Fungal White Rot Wood Decay Predicted by Phylogenomic Analysis of Correlated Gene-Phenotype Evolution.
89  whole unprocessed rapeseeds
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EL (2 times)
FA (2 times)
FRM (2 times)
2012 Rapeseed or linseed supplements in grass-based diets: effects on milk fatty acid composition of Holstein cows over two consecutive lactations.
90  Wiedemann Rautenstauch
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 1997 Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch neonatal progeroid syndrome: report of three new patients.
91  wild rabbit
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NZ (1 time)
2010 Feed restriction and genetic selection on the expression and activity of metabolism regulatory enzymes in rabbits.
92  wild rice
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
HFC (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2009 Wild rice ( Zizania latifolia (Griseb) Turcz) improves the serum lipid profile and antioxidant status of rats fed with a high fat/cholesterol diet.
93  wild rocket
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Soil Suppressiveness to Fusarium Disease Following Organic Amendments and Solarization.
94  winter range
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
DL (1 time)
2009 Winter grazing system and supplementation during late gestation influence performance of beef cows and steer progeny.
95  Witelson region
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ADC (2 times)
FA (2 times)
TLE (2 times)
2008 Secondary white matter degeneration of the corpus callosum in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy: a diffusion tensor imaging study.
96  Wood-Rayleigh
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FDTD (1 time)
SPs (1 time)
SWMS (1 time)
2008 Optical properties of metallo-dielectric deep trench gratings: role of surface plasmons and Wood-Rayleigh anomaly.
97  word repetition
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
NWR (2 times)
AF (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
2017 Words are not enough: nonword repetition as an indicator of arcuate fasciculus integrity during brain tumor resection.
98  word representation
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
BNER (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
CEM (1 time)
2014 Evaluating word representation features in biomedical named entity recognition tasks.
99  work retention
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MCS (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2011 The lack of association between changes in functional outcomes and work retention in a chronic disabling occupational spinal disorder population: implications for the minimum clinical important difference.
100  work-rest
(2 times)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
WBGT (2 times)
WR1 (2 times)
2016 Do the Threshold Limit Values for Work in Hot Conditions Adequately Protect Workers?