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Abbreviation: WR
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Long forms: 290

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
washout rate
(196 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(75 times)
MIBG (76 times)
LVEF (35 times)
CHF (29 times)
1985 [Severity of coronary artery lesion by washout rate (WR) in exercise myocardial scintigraphy].
work rate
(105 times)
Physiology
(45 times)
HR (32 times)
VT (11 times)
PRBS (7 times)
1987 Oxygen deficit-oxygen debt relationships in ponies during submaximal treadmill exercise.
Western Reserve
(51 times)
Virology
(35 times)
VACV (18 times)
MVA (13 times)
EEV (4 times)
1990 Biological characterization of recombinant vaccinia viruses in mice infected by the respiratory route.
white rice
(48 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
BR (25 times)
GBR (8 times)
iAUC (7 times)
2005 Insoluble fiber is a major constituent responsible for lowering the post-prandial blood glucose concentration in the pre-germinated brown rice.
Wistar rats
(46 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SHR (31 times)
WKY (4 times)
LER (3 times)
1977 Capillary pressure in deep and superficial glomeruli of the rat kidney.
weight regain
(39 times)
Metabolism
(26 times)
RYGB (13 times)
SG (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
2007 Validity of the leg-to-leg bioimpedance to estimate changes in body fat during weight loss and regain in overweight women: a comparison with multi-compartment models.
wedge resection
(31 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
AR (4 times)
OS (4 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
1976 The effects of ovarian wedge resection on circulating gonadotropin and ovarian steroid levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.
Waldeyer's ring
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DLBCL (9 times)
OS (8 times)
EBV (6 times)
1985 Primary lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring. Clinicopathologic study of 68 cases.
Walter Reed
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HIV (8 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
PBMC (3 times)
1988 Prognostic usefulness of the Walter Reed staging classification for HIV infection.
10  Wistar
(17 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SHR (6 times)
WKY (5 times)
SDR (3 times)
1982 Synergism of (15 S)-15-methyl-prostaglandin E1 with either azathioprine or prednisolone on the survival of heart allografts in rats.
11  weight reduction
(14 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
Nnmt (2 times)
1999 Eating control and physical activity as determinants of short-term weight maintenance after a very-low-calorie diet among obese women.
12  water absorption response
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
AII (4 times)
i.p (2 times)
ALDO (1 time)
1992 Effects of angiotensin II and bladder condition on hydration behavior and water uptake in the toad, Bufo woodhousei.
13  ward round
(10 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ER (1 time)
OP (1 time)
PMH (1 time)
2014 Development of an evidence-based curriculum for training of ward-based surgical care.
14  wearable resistance
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
ES (6 times)
BM (5 times)
CMJ (3 times)
2017 Acute kinematic and kinetic adaptations to wearable resistance during vertical jumping.
15  wide receiver
(10 times)
Physical Fitness
(8 times)
DB (9 times)
LB (8 times)
DL (7 times)
2008 Performance and blood pressure characteristics of first-year national collegiate athletic association division I football players.
16  weighed record
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
FFQ (3 times)
24HR (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
1997 Calibration of a food frequency questionnaire developed for the South Asian community in the United Kingdom.
17  wild running
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
IC (3 times)
AS (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1991 Wild running and switch-off behavior elicited by electrical stimulation of the inferior colliculus: effect of anticonvulsant drugs.
18  word recognition
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SRT (2 times)
ERPs (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2007 Intratympanic gentamicin therapy for intractable Meniere's disease.
19  world records
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SBT (2 times)
BMQ (1 time)
Pc (1 time)
2002 Forecasting of top athletic performance.
20  walk ratio
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 The effects of an angiotensin-converting inhibitor (enalapril) on patients with mild cardiac failure--evaluating cardiac function based on the relationship between daily walking pace and heart rate.
21  water restriction
(8 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
Chol (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
CREA (1 time)
1985 Adrenal responses to chronic and acute water stress in Japanese quail Coturnix japonica.
22  water retention
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SC (2 times)
SR (2 times)
Ac-HA (1 time)
2000 Some nutritional and functional properties of defatted wheat germ protein.
23  water-restricted
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CeA (1 time)
1984 Intakes of feed and water following restriction in selected and nonselected broilers.
24  work-related
(7 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
BMR (1 time)
DRD (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2004 Work-attributed symptom clusters (darkroom disease) among radiographers versus physiotherapists: associations between self-reported exposures and psychosocial stressors.
25  weaning rate
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BCS (2 times)
PR (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1982 Beef X beef and dairy X beef females mated to Angus and Charolais sires II. Calf growth, weaning rate and cow productivity.
26  wear resistance
(6 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
BFS (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2005 A method of "weak resonance" for quality factor and coupling coefficient measurement in piezoelectrics.
27  wrist ratio
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTS (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
WC (2 times)
2005 An evaluation of gender, body mass index, wrist circumference and wrist ratio as independent risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome.
28  waiting room
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EXR (1 time)
2001 Methodological issues in the recruitment of primary care patients with depression.
29  Wassermann reaction
(5 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
TPHA (2 times)
VDRL (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1979 Therapeutic effect of oral doxycycline on syphilis.
30  water
(5 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
FA (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2010 Effects of solvent media and temperature on the self-aggregation of cationic dimeric surfactant 14-6-14, 2Br- studied by conductometric and fluorescence techniques.
31  water repellency
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BSR (1 time)
2006 Amount of leachant and water absorption levels of wood treated with borates and water repellents.
32  water uptake
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DD (3 times)
IEC (3 times)
AEMs (2 times)
2013 Polyelectrolyte complex/PVA membranes for diffusion dialysis.
33  weight ratio
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BPEI (3 times)
AM (1 time)
AMV (1 time)
1989 Estimation of glomerular filtration rate in anorectic adolescents.
34  Weigle reactivation
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
UV (1 time)
WM (1 time)
XP (1 time)
1976 Infection of UV-irradiated xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblasts by herpes simplex virus: study of capacity and Weigle reactivation.
35  western region
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ER (3 times)
BSC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1988 Factors affecting the selection of doctor of first contact in the western region of Melbourne: an interview study of parents of sick children.
36  white rami
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BVS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
DR (1 time)
1969 Reflex discharges into thoracic white rami elicited by somatic and visceral afferent excitation.
37  Woollins' reagent
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IMes (1 time)
LR (1 time)
TBAF (1 time)
2005 A new synthesis of (PhPSe2)2 (Woollins reagent) and its use in the synthesis of novel P-Se heterocycles.
38  running wheels
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SED (3 times)
Con (1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
2004 The effects of chronic treadmill and wheel running on behavior in rats.
39  watermelon rind
(4 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HF (2 times)
l-Cit (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2019 Dried Watermelon Rind Mash Diet Increases Plasma l-Citrulline Level in Chicks.
40  well-represented
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
URM (4 times)
BMS (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2014 Biomedical Science Ph.D. Career Interest Patterns by Race/Ethnicity and Gender.
41  Wolf-Rayet
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
SNe (2 times)
GRB (1 time)
LBVs (1 time)
2013 Gamma-ray burst progenitors and the population of rotating Wolf-Rayet stars.
42  Wolff rearrangement
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DMA (3 times)
IE (1 time)
ISC (1 time)
2008 Ultrafast UV-vis and IR studies of p-biphenylyl acetyl and carbomethoxy carbenes.
43  word reading
(4 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2007 Action and object processing in aphasia: from nouns and verbs to the effect of manipulability.
44  work reintegration
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
RTW (2 times)
2013 Bearing the brunt: co-workers' experiences of work reintegration processes.
45  working range
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
1-NP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1988 Monoclonal antibody-based immunoenzymetric assays for quantification of human IgG and its four subclasses.
46  WR-2721
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
i.p (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1994 Comparative investigation of anticlastogenic effects in cell cultures of healthy donors and patients with nettle-rash.
47  walking for recreation
(3 times)
Diet
(1 time)
WT (3 times)
CD (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2010 Sex- and age-specific seasonal variations in physical activity among adults.
48  WalkRounds
(3 times)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(2 times)
NICUs (1 time)
2014 Exposure to Leadership WalkRounds in neonatal intensive care units is associated with a better patient safety culture and less caregiver burnout.
49  warfarin resistance
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ER (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2005 Site-directed mutagenesis of coumarin-type anticoagulant-sensitive VKORC1: evidence that highly conserved amino acids define structural requirements for enzymatic activity and inhibition by warfarin.
50  warm
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BAT (1 time)
1995 Environmental effects on thermoregulation and breathing patterns during early postnatal development in hand-reared lambs.
51  watering regime
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AMF (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
LPP (1 time)
2019 Rhizophagus irregularis MUCL 41833 Improves Phosphorus Uptake and Water Use Efficiency in Maize Plants During Recovery From Drought Stress.
52  wave reflection
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
Einc (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2001 Influence of timing and magnitude of arterial wave reflection on left ventricular relaxation.
53  Weber ratio
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
DL (1 time)
2000 Joint position sense is impaired by Parkinson's disease.
54  Weedy rice
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
DAS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
HLJ (1 time)
2010 Morphological Study of the Relationships between Weedy Rice Accessions (Oryza sativa Complex) and Commercial Rice Varieties in Pulau Pinang Rice Granary Area.
55  weight-reduced
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2011 Effects of chronic weight perturbation on energy homeostasis and brain structure in mice.
56  weighting factor
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ICRP (2 times)
ICRU (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
1996 Regional variation in radionuclide concentrations and radiation dose in caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in the Canadian Arctic; 1992-94.
57  White Rabbit
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ADEV (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2018 White Rabbit Clock Synchronization: Ultimate Limits on Close-In Phase Noise and Short-Term Stability Due to FPGA Implementation.
58  White River
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BLR (1 time)
HGM (1 time)
2014 Metabolic pathways of anthelmintic drug monepantel in sheep and in its parasite (Haemonchus contortus).
59  White Rock
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
BG (1 time)
HI (1 time)
1984 Minimum weight for onset of sexual maturity in female chickens: heritability and phenotypic and genetic correlations with early growth rate.
60  white rot
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
GHs (1 time)
PCW (1 time)
2017 Genetic Bases of Fungal White Rot Wood Decay Predicted by Phylogenomic Analysis of Correlated Gene-Phenotype Evolution.
61  whole reproducibility
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABR (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HL (1 time)
1999 Clinical applications of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions in the pediatric population.
62  Whole rice
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LCFA (2 times)
DHA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2015 Germination and extrusion as combined processes for reducing phytates and increasing phenolics content and antioxidant capacity of Oryza sativa L. whole grain flours.
63  word recognition rate
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ASR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
2009 [Intelligibility of children with bilateral and unilateral cleft lip and palate].
64  work-rest
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
WBGT (3 times)
WR1 (3 times)
WR3 (3 times)
2016 Do the Threshold Limit Values for Work in Hot Conditions Adequately Protect Workers?
65  workload
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CPET (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
1993 Comparison of metabolic and perceptual responses during maximal exercise on two ergometers: NOVA 5000 vs treadmill.
66  worm reactor
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BR (1 time)
DO (1 time)
DPR (1 time)
2017 Sludge reduction using aquatic worms under different aeration regimes.
67  Wound retractor
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2013 A new application of a wound retractor for chest wall surgery.
68  wound-responsive
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
ACO (1 time)
IGS (1 time)
JA (1 time)
1998 Jasmonic acid-dependent and -independent wound signal transduction pathways are differentially regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin in Arabidopsis thaliana.
69  wrist
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1991 Cat Distal Forelimb Joints and Locomotion: An X-ray Study.
70  15-week-old control
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PGC-1alpha (2 times)
CPT I (1 time)
MCAD (1 time)
2009 Skeletal muscle characteristics of rats with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia.
71  constant-work-rate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MVC (1 time)
WR50 (1 time)
2001 Effect of prior metabolic rate on the kinetics of oxygen uptake during moderate-intensity exercise.
72  running without a load
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BDNF (2 times)
SED (2 times)
AHN (1 time)
2012 Voluntary resistance running with short distance enhances spatial memory related to hippocampal BDNF signaling.
73  W-reactivation
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
WM (2 times)
RARFI (1 time)
1978 W-reactivation and W-mutagenesis of gamma-irradiated phage lambda.
74  WAG/Rij
(2 times)
Food
(2 times)
BD (2 times)
KD (2 times)
SpD (2 times)
2019 Exogenous Ketones Lower Blood Glucose Level in Rested and Exercised Rodent Models.
75  wage-replacement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
RTW (1 time)
2013 Recurrence of work-related low back pain and disability: association between self-report and workers' compensation data.
76  Waito-c rice
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ITS (2 times)
PGP (2 times)
FCF (1 time)
2012 Fungal diversity and plant growth promotion of endophytic fungi from six halophytes in Suncheon Bay.
77  wakeful rest
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
DMN (1 time)
dPTE (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2017 Reentrant Information Flow in Electrophysiological Rat Default Mode Network.
78  walk-to-run
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PTS (1 time)
R-W (1 time)
2002 Are transitions in human gait determined by mechanical, kinetic or energetic factors?
79  walker
(2 times)
ADS (2 times)
iEMG (2 times)
sMVC (2 times)
2019 A Comparison of Muscular Activity During Gait Between Walking Sticks and a Walker in Patients With Adult Degenerative Scoliosis.
80  Walter Reed staging system
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
beta 2-MG (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1990 CD4+:neopterin ratio correlates with p24 antigenaemia in HIV infected patients.
81  Wangyang River
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SR (2 times)
XR (2 times)
2016 Distributions, fluxes, and toxicities of heavy metals in sediment pore water from tributaries of the Ziya River system, northern China.
82  ward reduction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
2001 Gastroschisis reduction under analgesia in the neonatal unit.
83  warm-reared
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2008 Effect of warm-rearing and heat acclimation on pituitary-gonadal axis in male rats.
84  Washington Red
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
2020 Washington Red (WR) dyes and their imaging applications.
85  water release
(2 times)
Food
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
TFR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of quality characteristics of chicken meat emulsion/nuggets prepared by using different equipment.
86  water runner
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
CS (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2016 Beneficial Effect of Moderate Exercise in Kidney of Rat after Chronic Consumption of Cola Drinks.
87  water-removed
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CWA (1 time)
LMA (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Estimation of area- and mass-based leaf nitrogen contents of wheat and rice crops from water-removed spectra using continuous wavelet analysis.
88  Watson-Reid
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
HEY (1 time)
LJ (1 time)
2009 Antibody recognition to secreted proteins of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sera from infected ruminants.
89  weakly reactive
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
HB (1 time)
1989 Serum alpha-fetoprotein subfractions identified by Ricinus communis agglutinin I in hepatic malignancies, yolk sac tumor, benign hepatic diseases, and fetal stage.
90  WEEV resistance
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
WEEV (2 times)
COAV (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
2006 Effects of time after infection, mosquito genotype, and infectious viral dose on the dynamics of Culex tarsalis vector competence for western equine encephalomyelitis virus.
91  weight restoration
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AN (2 times)
EBW (1 time)
EDE (1 time)
2015 A randomized controlled trial of in-patient treatment for anorexia nervosa in medically unstable adolescents.
92  weighted regression
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
10-HDA (1 time)
LSPR (1 time)
NPR (1 time)
2013 Comparative study of some robust statistical methods: weighted, parametric, and nonparametric linear regression of HPLC convoluted peak responses using internal standard method in drug bioavailability studies.
93  Weigle-type reactivation
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ara-C (1 time)
BVDU (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1984 Repair of DNA following incorporation of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine into herpes simplex virus type 1.
94  West Rand
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ICDM (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
DKK (1 time)
2019 Process evaluation of implementation fidelity of the integrated chronic disease management model in two districts, South Africa.
95  Western
(2 times)
Greenhouse Effect
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
GAR (1 time)
NHIS (1 time)
2016 Carbon storage in Ghanaian cocoa ecosystems.
96  Western Reserve strain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
EEVs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2001 Enhanced CD8+ T cell immune response against a V3 loop multi-epitope polypeptide (TAB13) of HIV-1 Env after priming with purified fusion protein and booster with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA-TAB) recombinant: a comparison of humoral and cellular immune responses with the vaccinia virus Western Reserve (WR) vector.
97  WGA-resistant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FLC (2 times)
1989 Hyposialylation of high-molecular-weight membrane glycoproteins parallels the loss of metastatic potential in wheat-germ agglutinin-resistant Friend leukemia cells.
98  white recipients
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ECW (1 time)
GS (1 time)
1996 CREG matching for first cadaveric kidney transplants (TNX) performed by SEOPF centers between October 1987 and September 1995. Southeastern Organ Procurement Foundation.
99  whole unprocessed rapeseeds
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EL (2 times)
FA (2 times)
FRM (2 times)
2012 Rapeseed or linseed supplements in grass-based diets: effects on milk fatty acid composition of Holstein cows over two consecutive lactations.
100  width ratio
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
APPs (1 time)
FTA (1 time)
JLCA (1 time)
2016 Quantification of pelvic tilt and rotation by width/height ratio of obturator foramina on anteroposterior radiographs.