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Abbreviation: WT
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Long forms: 523

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
wild-type
(32592 times)
Biochemistry
(3476 times)
KO (3606 times)
Tg (872 times)
ROS (700 times)
1973 Comparative studies of wild-type and "cold-mutant" (temperature-sensitive) influenza viruses: polypeptide synthesis by an Asian (H2N2) strain and its cold-adapted variant.
Wilms tumor
(823 times)
Neoplasms
(360 times)
OS (45 times)
EFS (30 times)
LOH (22 times)
1976 Studies of malformation syndromes of man XXIX: the Wiedemann-Beckwith syndrome. Clinical, genetic and pathogenetic studies of 12 cases.
wild-type mice
(356 times)
Physiology
(45 times)
KO (24 times)
TG (16 times)
NO (13 times)
1991 Biochemical and pharmacological characterization of MCF-7 drug-sensitive and AdrR multidrug-resistant human breast tumor xenografts in athymic nude mice.
weight
(309 times)
Pharmacology
(49 times)
Ht (56 times)
BMI (40 times)
Cl (25 times)
1976 Correlation coefficients for electrocardiographic and constitutional variables.
wavelet transform
(250 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(71 times)
EEG (24 times)
PCA (21 times)
STFT (18 times)
1993 Using the discrete wavelet transform for time-frequency analysis of the surface EMG signal.
wall thickness
(171 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
LV (24 times)
CT (19 times)
ID (17 times)
1980 Echocardiographic assessment of aortic stenosis.
wild-type littermates
(137 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
TG (19 times)
KO (12 times)
I/R (6 times)
1997 Exercise in transgenic mice overexpressing GLUT4 glucose transporters: effects on substrate metabolism and glycogen regulation.
Warthin tumor
(93 times)
Pathology
(22 times)
PA (32 times)
MEC (16 times)
FNA (12 times)
1985 Lymphoid stroma of Warthin's tumor: phenotypic analogies with gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
wall thickening
(91 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
LV (25 times)
WM (15 times)
SPECT (12 times)
1987 Effects of left circumflex coronary flow transducer implantation on posterior wall innervation.
10  wild-type controls
(79 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
KO (6 times)
LV (5 times)
MI (4 times)
1999 Role of alpha2C-adrenoceptor subtype in spatial working memory as revealed by mice with targeted disruption of the alpha2C-adrenoceptor gene.
11  wide type
(67 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
KO (11 times)
ABA (4 times)
AD (4 times)
1999 Oral operant ethanol self-administration in 5-HT1b knockout mice.
12  waiting time
(58 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
DT (8 times)
LOS (7 times)
ED (6 times)
1993 Does functional reach improve with rehabilitation?
13  wild-type strain
(48 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
AFB1 (2 times)
OE (2 times)
ACOT (1 time)
2000 The superantigenic toxin of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis: a novel virulence factor?
14  water temperature
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
DO (16 times)
TP (14 times)
TN (13 times)
1986 Significance of physical exercise in hypertension. Influence of water temperature and beta-blockade on blood pressure, degree of cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac function in swimming training of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
15  wortmannin
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
PI3K (14 times)
PI (8 times)
GFX (5 times)
1994 Neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells is suppressed by wortmannin, a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.
16  wild-type AMPK
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
EGFR (4 times)
KO (3 times)
EGF (2 times)
1992 Selective formation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) degradation products contributes to TNF mediated cytotoxicity.
17  wild-type enzyme
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
MMLV RT (2 times)
PLP (2 times)
T/P (2 times)
1987 Tyrosine 70 increases the coenzyme affinity of aspartate aminotransferase. A site-directed mutagenesis study.
18  Ward's triangle
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
FN (21 times)
BMD (18 times)
LS (9 times)
1993 Bone mass in females with different thyroid disorders: influence of menopausal status.
19  walking test
(22 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FD (5 times)
PD (5 times)
PS (5 times)
1983 The diagnosis intermittent claudication. The value of walking test, ankle pressure index and calf plethysmography in relation to the clinical findings.
20  weight training
(22 times)
Exercise
(7 times)
HYB (3 times)
PT (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
1986 Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation versus weight training for enhancement of muscular strength and athletic performance*.
21  wavelet transformation
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
PLS (4 times)
FFT (2 times)
NIRS (2 times)
1997 The application in processing analytical chemistry signals of a cardinal spline approach to wavelets.
22  water
(18 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CF (3 times)
CHO (3 times)
Bt (2 times)
2003 RPE during prolonged cycling with and without carbohydrate ingestion in boys and men.
23  Wingate test
(16 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
PP (5 times)
MP (4 times)
BM (2 times)
1982 Changes in muscle metabolites in females with 30-s exhaustive exercise.
24  wait time
(15 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
ED (5 times)
LOS (5 times)
CTAS (2 times)
2002 Provision of clinically based information improves patients' perceived length of stay and satisfaction with EP.
25  wild-type animals
(15 times)
Science
(3 times)
KO (3 times)
3-NP (1 time)
A2AR (1 time)
1999 L-type calcium current and contractility in ventricular myocytes from mice overexpressing the cardiac beta 2-adrenoceptor.
26  IDH1-wild type
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
mAbs (4 times)
2-HG (2 times)
IDH1 (2 times)
2005 Functional assessment of multiple P-glycoprotein (P-gp) probe substrates: influence of cell line and modulator concentration on P-gp activity.
27  Tg-wild-type
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Tg (5 times)
RLC (4 times)
ELC (2 times)
2002 Active site contribution to specificity of the aspartic proteases plasmepsins I and II.
28  whole tumor
(14 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TC (7 times)
ET (6 times)
ADC (3 times)
1990 The accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy for flow cytometric determination of tumor DNA content.
29  wild-type cells
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
AKAPs (1 time)
AQP3 (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1975 DNA repair in Proteus mirabilis. III.Survival, dimer excision, and UV reactivation in comparison with Escherichia coli K12.
30  wild-type littermate controls
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
KO (4 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
GDNF (2 times)
2002 Galanin overexpressing transgenic mice.
31  white tea
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
GT (6 times)
BaP (3 times)
EGCG (2 times)
2009 Intraoperative application of "white test" to reduce postoperative bile leak after major liver resection: results of a prospective cohort study in 137 patients.
32  wiring transmission
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
VT (11 times)
CNS (5 times)
ECS (2 times)
1991 Communication and computation in the central nervous system.
33  walking training
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
ST (4 times)
IC (3 times)
MWD (2 times)
1999 Walking training for intermittent claudication in diabetes.
34  water table
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
bgl (1 time)
CF (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
2005 Methane-oxidizing bacteria in a Finnish raised mire complex: effects of site fertility and drainage.
35  wild-type control mice
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
KO (3 times)
3-NP (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
2000 Ablation of tumor necrosis factor receptor type I (p55) alters oxygen-induced lung injury.
36  wild-type protein
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
alpha-LA (1 time)
C18S (1 time)
FKBP22 (1 time)
1994 Resonance Raman spectroscopic studies of ligated mutant myoglobins.
37  wrist temperature
(10 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
BAT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2011 Crosstalk between environmental light and internal time in humans.
38  wall tension
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ABP (5 times)
ICP (5 times)
CrCP (4 times)
1976 Effects of progesterone, prostaglandin F2alpha and its analogue ICI 81008 on the excitability and threshold of the uterus.
39  washout time
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
TTP (8 times)
CEUS (4 times)
HCC (4 times)
2012 Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of hepatocellular carcinoma: correlation between quantitative parameters and arteries in neoangiogenesis or sinusoidal capillarization.
40  wild-type virus
(9 times)
Virology
(8 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
MOI (2 times)
AZT (1 time)
1980 Polyoma virus middle t antigen: a tumor progression factor.
41  FLT3-wild-type
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AML (7 times)
FLT3 (5 times)
ITD (4 times)
2003 An innovative phase I clinical study demonstrates inhibition of FLT3 phosphorylation by SU11248 in acute myeloid leukemia patients.
42  TP53-wild type
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ko (2 times)
AML (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
1999 Centrosome multiplication accompanies a transient clustering of polyploid cells during tissue repair.
43  Warshaw technique
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
SVP (5 times)
SPDP (4 times)
DPS (2 times)
2013 Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with and without splenic vessel ligation: a systematic review.
44  well-trained
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RT (2 times)
UT (2 times)
BLa (1 time)
1982 Square-wave endurance exercise test (SWEET) for training and assessment in trained and untrained subjects. II. Blood gases and acid-base balance.
45  walking for transport
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
WR (3 times)
CCD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2010 Sex- and age-specific seasonal variations in physical activity among adults.
46  white
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
BT (2 times)
GT (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity by polyphenols from tea (Camellia sinensis) and links to processing method.
47  wild type-like
(7 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
OF (3 times)
EPM (2 times)
Nrg1 (2 times)
2007 Heterozygous neuregulin 1 mice are more sensitive to the behavioural effects of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
48  wind turbine
(7 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
CF (1 time)
FDI (1 time)
2014 Amplitude modulation of sound from wind turbines under various meteorological conditions.
49  with
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AOM (1 time)
AREs (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2003 Absence of exon 10 of the human luteinizing hormone (LH) receptor impairs LH, but not human chorionic gonadotropin action.
50  non-wild-type
(6 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
CLSI-BMD (1 time)
2012 Antifungal drug resistance: mechanisms, epidemiology, and consequences for treatment.
51  walk test
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
NYHA (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
AAI (1 time)
2002 Long-term intravenous epoprostenol infusion in primary pulmonary hypertension: prognostic factors and survival.
52  wet tissue
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CZ (1 time)
1991 Immunohistochemical study of metallothionein in normal and benign prostatic hyperplasia of human prostate.
53  wild-type thermolysin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
FAGLA (2 times)
2006 Engineering of the pH-dependence of thermolysin activity as examined by site-directed mutagenesis of Asn112 located at the active site of thermolysin.
54  Wistar
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SHR (3 times)
SD (2 times)
CoPP (1 time)
1999 Differences in the effect of iron-deficient diet on tissue weight, hemoglobin concentration and serum triglycerides in Fischer-344, Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rats.
55  waste tires
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2011 Leaching characteristics of bottom ash from coal fired electric generating plants, and waste tire; individually and mixtures when used as construction site fill materials.
56  wave turbulence
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
CSF (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
ITs (1 time)
1999 Spectral bifurcations in dispersive wave turbulence.
57  whole-transcript
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2005 Novel isothermal, linear nucleic acid amplification systems for highly multiplexed applications.
58  wild type zebrafish
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
DEPPs (1 time)
2016 The Vox mRNA and protein expression in zebrafish Pou5f3 MZspg mutant embryos.
59  wild-type counterparts
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ASIC3 (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
2001 Alternative versus classical macrophage activation during experimental African trypanosomosis.
60  work therapy
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NET (4 times)
CGI (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2001 Neurocognitive enhancement therapy with work therapy: effects on neuropsychological test performance.
61  EGFR-wild-type
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
BC (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2016 Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors in previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with wild-type EGFR.
62  Wada test
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
fMRI (2 times)
TLE (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1988 Acoustic analysis of affective prosody during right-sided Wada Test: a within-subjects verification of the right hemisphere's role in language.
63  warming tolerance
(4 times)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
CTmax (3 times)
ABT (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2015 Upper thermal tolerance plasticity in tropical amphibian species from contrasting habitats: implications for warming impact prediction.
64  waterpipe tobacco
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
eCO (1 time)
PHWs (1 time)
WTPs (1 time)
2018 Plain packaging of waterpipe tobacco? A qualitative analysis exploring waterpipe smokers' and non-smokers' responses to enhanced versus existing pictorial health warnings in Egypt.
65  wavelet
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CDM (1 time)
2007 Wavelet transform: A better approach for the evaluation of instantaneous changes in heart rate variability.
66  weight-trained
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ET (2 times)
LBNP (2 times)
GAST (1 time)
1986 Cardiovascular responses to lower body negative pressure in endurance and static exercise-trained men.
67  wild-type receptor
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
GPCRs (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
1993 Mutation in a conserved motif next to the insulin receptor key autophosphorylation sites de-regulates kinase activity and impairs insulin action.
68  AAV2-wild type
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
AAV2 (1 time)
LAT2 (1 time)
2010 Increased optic atrophy type 1 expression protects retinal ganglion cells in a mouse model of glaucoma.
69  AMPK-wild type
(3 times)
Histology
(1 time)
AMPK (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
2005 Immunohistochemical localization of senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) in the submandibular gland and ultrastructural changes of the granular duct cells in SMP30 knockout mice.
70  GPL-wild type
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
c-di-AMP (1 time)
CDK1 (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2014 Induced expression of nucleolin phosphorylation-deficient mutant confers dominant-negative effect on cell proliferation.
71  TLR4-wild-type
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DDIs (1 time)
DMETs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2004 Redox-sensing release of human thioredoxin from T lymphocytes with negative feedback loops.
72  waiting time to be seen
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
FTA (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
2004 Quality and effectiveness of an emergency department during weekends.
73  wake therapy
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BLT (1 time)
DP (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2017 The effect of chronotherapy on depressive symptoms. Evidence-based practice.
74  wake time
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
SL (2 times)
SOT (2 times)
TST (2 times)
2007 The effect of interstate travel on the sleep patterns and performance of elite Australian Rules footballers.
75  Waon therapy
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
2015 Waon therapy improves quality of life as well as cardiac function and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure.
76  waste treatment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BF (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2012 Use of inorganic and organic wastes for in situ immobilisation of Pb and Zn in a contaminated alkaline soil.
77  wastewater treatment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2007 Archaeal diversity in naturally occurring and impacted environments from a tropical region.
78  water extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
PE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AOF (1 time)
2017 Immune-Stimulating Effects of Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii (Agaricomycetes) Water Extract via TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma.
79  water treadmills
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CAR (1 time)
DT (1 time)
FET (1 time)
2017 Workload of horses on a water treadmill: effect of speed and water height on oxygen consumption and cardiorespiratory parameters.
80  wavelet thresholding
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CEEMDAN (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EEMD (1 time)
2012 [A new method of distinguishing weak and overlapping signals of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy].
81  Wellcome Trust
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AVATAR therapy (1 time)
AVH (1 time)
NHS/HPFS (1 time)
2009 Looking for landmarks: the role of expert review and bibliometric analysis in evaluating scientific publication outputs.
82  wild type E
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
C282Y (1 time)
FZD4 (1 time)
H63D (1 time)
2012 Influence of fungal endophyte infection on phenolic content and antioxidant activity in grasses: interaction between Lolium perenne and different strains of Neotyphodium lolii.
83  wild type HIV-1
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
5ptaseIV (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2011 Assembly and replication of HIV-1 in T cells with low levels of phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate.
84  wild-type alpha-synuclein
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PD (3 times)
1998 Accelerated in vitro fibril formation by a mutant alpha-synuclein linked to early-onset Parkinson disease.
85  wild-type group
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2013 Electroacupuncture Stimulation at CV12 Inhibits Gastric Motility via TRPV1 Receptor.
86  wild-type parent strain
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
NO (1 time)
TPx-1 (1 time)
1998 Mitogen-activated protein kinase-defective Candida albicans is avirulent in a novel model of localized murine candidiasis.
87  Wingate Anaerobic Test
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
FI (1 time)
MAOD (1 time)
MEAN (1 time)
1989 Effects of a task-specific warm-up on anaerobic power.
88  Winter-Tozer
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ESRD (2 times)
HD (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
2013 Characterization of unbound phenytoin concentrations in neurointensive care unit patients using a revised Winter-Tozer equation.
89  WT mice
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
KO (3 times)
BW (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2010 Tubuloglomerular feedback is decreased in COX-1 knockout mice after chronic angiotensin II infusion.
90  Wuci traffic
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TH (3 times)
TSP (2 times)
2006 Concentrations of ambient air particulates (TSP, PM2.5 and PM2.5-10) and ionic species at offshore areas near Taiwan Strait.
91  6-wild type
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2008 B-type natriuretic peptide decreases gastric emptying and absorption.
92  Arf1-wildtype
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ARFs (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
CdMT (1 time)
2011 Role of Arf1 in endosomal trafficking of protein-metal complexes and cadmium-metallothionein-1 toxicity in kidney proximal tubule cells.
93  KRAS-wild type
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
miRNAs (1 time)
TTP (1 time)
2014 Selective targeting of KRAS-mutant cells by miR-126 through repression of multiple genes essential for the survival of KRAS-mutant cells.
94  Lox-1-wild-type
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HCOs (1 time)
Mb (1 time)
2006 Dominant-negative lox-1 blocks homodimerization of wild-type lox-1-induced cell proliferation through extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 activation.
95  transfected with SphK
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AP-1 (1 time)
c-Jun-siRNA (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2012 A novel missense mutation causing a G487R substitution in the S2-S3 loop of human ether-a-go-go-related gene channel.
96  Warthin
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PA (2 times)
Ca ex PA (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2013 Dynamic evaluation of benign neoplasm of parotid glands with multidetector row CT.
97  wash-in time
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2010 Assessment of neovascularization within carotid plaques in patients with ischemic stroke.
98  water transport
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
IIF (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
EIF (1 time)
2008 Thermal injury prediction during cryoplasty through in vitro characterization of smooth muscle cell biophysics and viability.
99  waterlogging tolerance
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
GLM (2 times)
MFVW (2 times)
MLM (2 times)
2016 Genetic variation and association mapping of waterlogging tolerance in chrysanthemum.
100  watershed thresholding
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AT (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of prognostic models developed using standardised image features from different PET automated segmentation methods.