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Abbreviation: XRD
Appearance Frequency: 19031 time(s)
Long forms: 45

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
X-ray diffraction
(17478 times)
Chemistry
(3394 times)
SEM (7114 times)
TEM (4986 times)
FTIR (4491 times)
1981 Optical interference coatings prepared from solution.
X-ray powder diffraction
(1124 times)
Chemistry
(247 times)
SEM (484 times)
TEM (394 times)
FTIR (281 times)
1987 Formation of octacalcium phosphate and subsequent transformation to hydroxyapatite at low supersaturation: a model for cartilage calcification.
X-ray diffraction analysis
(309 times)
Environmental Health
(46 times)
SEM (142 times)
TEM (100 times)
FTIR (95 times)
1996 Development of hydroxyapatite derived from Indian coral.
X-ray diffraction technique
(31 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
SEM (12 times)
TEM (11 times)
FTIR (7 times)
2004 Fluorides in groundwater, soil and infused black tea and the occurrence of dental fluorosis among school children of the Gaza strip.
X-ray diffraction measurements
(17 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TEM (7 times)
SEM (5 times)
FTIR (3 times)
2006 Facile synthesis of hollow carbon nanospheres from hollow chitosan nanospheres.
X-ray powder diffraction analysis
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
SEM (4 times)
FESEM (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
2002 Bioreduction and biocrystallization of palladium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans NCIMB 8307.
X-ray reflection diffraction
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
TEM (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
2001 Study of Au/Au(3+)-TiO2 photocatalysts toward visible photooxidation for water and wastewater treatment.
micro-X-ray diffraction
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
XANES (2 times)
CP (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
2010 Relationship between the metallurgical structure of experimental titanium miniscrew implants and their torsional properties.
X-ray powder diffraction crystallography
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
DSC (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
B-KPro (1 time)
2004 Crystal forms of ketorolac.
10  powder-x-ray diffraction
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
Bi-Rh (1 time)
HA (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2012 A gas-solid reaction growth of dense TiO2 nanowire arrays on Ti foils at ambient atmosphere.
11  X-ray powder pattern
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
TEM (2 times)
EDS (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2014 Phenol degradation using the mixed material clay/Fe immobilized on glass slides.
12  X-ray diffraction pattern analysis
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
FT-IR (2 times)
LOD (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2017 Synthesis and Characterization of Porous MnCo2O4 for Electrochemical Determination of Cadmium ions in Water Samples.
13  X-ray diffractometer spectrum
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2014 Synthesis of structural and optical characterization of surfactant capped ZnO nanocrystalline.
14  x-ray diode
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
SEM (1 time)
2008 Reproducible, rugged, and inexpensive photocathode x-ray diode.
15  X-ray dispersive
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
DRIFT (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
1998 In vitro biomineralization by osteoblast-like cells. II. Characterization of cellular culture supernatants.
16  X-ray microdiffraction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EDS (2 times)
ESEM (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2010 Effect of compounds of Galla chinensis on remineralization of enamel surface in vitro.
17  X-ray polycrystalline diffraction
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2018 Alteration behavior of mineral structure and hazardous elements during combustion of coal from a power plant at Huainan, Anhui, China.
18  X-ray powder diffraction technique
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2010 Recovery of iron from vanadium tailings with coal-based direct reduction followed by magnetic separation.
19  ex situX-ray diffraction
(1 time)
Miniaturization
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
ZIBs (1 time)
2020 Ultrathin VSe2 Nanosheets with Fast Ion Diffusion and Robust Structural Stability for Rechargeable Zinc-Ion Battery Cathode.
20  methods--X-ray diffraction
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2009 Ba(Zn1/3Ta2/3)O ceramics for microwave and millimeter-wave applications.
21  scanning-X-ray diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
red (1 time)
2014 Cluster harvesting in the WBr6-P system.
22  X linked recessive inheritance
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ADN (1 time)
MNCV (1 time)
1982 A family study of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
23  X-ray densitometer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2015 [ARTERIAL STIFFNESS AND BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN WOMEN WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE AND CONCOMITANT SEVERE OSTEOPOROSIS].
24  X-Ray Deposition
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2020 Dataset and methodology on identification and correlation of secondary carbides with microstructure, wear mechanism, and tool performance for different CERMET grades during high-speed dry finish turning of AISI 304 stainless steel.
25  X-ray differential
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2006 Enhanced photocatalysis of pentachlorophenol by metal-modified titanium (IV) oxide.
26  X-ray Differentiation
(1 time)
Macromolecular Substances
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2015 Structural Mimetic Silk Fiber-Reinforced Composite Scaffolds Using Multi-Angle Fibers.
27  X-ray Diffraction analysis technique
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
DTG (1 time)
2016 Nitrilotriacetic acid functionalized Adansonia digitata biosorbent: Preparation, characterization and sorption of Pb (II) and Cu (II) pollutants from aqueous solution.
28  X-ray diffraction apparatus
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FCC (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
HMN (1 time)
2017 Fabricating hierarchical micro and nano structures on implantable Co-Cr-Mo alloy for tissue engineering by one-step laser ablation.
29  X-ray diffraction at room temperature
(1 time)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
EIS (1 time)
MIEC (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2012 Thermodynamic stability, structural and electrical characterization of mixed ionic and electronic conductor La2Mo2O(8.96).
30  X-ray diffraction configurations
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
EA (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2020 Biosynthesis, and potential effect of fern mediated biocompatible silver nanoparticles by cytotoxicity, antidiabetic, antioxidant and antibacterial, studies.
31  X-ray diffraction image data
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
MLEM (1 time)
2006 MLEM deconvolution of protein X-ray diffraction images based on a multiple-PSF model.
32  X-ray diffraction Investigator
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2017 Adsorbent synthesis of polypyrrole/TiO(2) for effective fluoride removal from aqueous solution for drinking water purification: Adsorbent characterization and adsorption mechanism.
33  X-ray diffraction line-broadening analysis
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
PLG (1 time)
2008 Effects of polyelectrolytic peptides on the quality of mineral crystals grown in vitro.
34  x-ray diffraction micro-analysis
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2017 Osteogenesis ability of CAD/CAM porous zirconia scaffolds enriched with nano-hydroxyapatite particles.
35  X-ray diffraction powder method
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CL-SEM (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2006 Low-magnesium uranium-calcite with high degree of crystallinity and gigantic luminescence emission.
36  X-ray diffraction with both laboratory-scale
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
EVOO (1 time)
POL (1 time)
2017 From Trioleoyl glycerol to extra virgin olive oil through multicomponent triacylglycerol mixtures: Crystallization and polymorphic transformation examined with differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffration techniques.
37  X-ray diffraction, X-ray powder diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
MFU-4 (1 time)
2011 Photophysical properties of Kuratowski-type coordination compounds [M(II)Zn4Cl4(Me2bta)6] (M(II) = Zn or Ru) featuring long-lived excited electronic states.
38  X-ray diffractometer methods
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of nano B2O3/TiO2 composite material as a new solid phase extractor and its application to preconcentration and separation of cadmium.
39  X-ray Diffractometer System
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2009 Behavior and analysis of Cesium adsorption on montmorillonite mineral.
40  X-ray diffusion spectrography
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 In vivo analysis of dermal and systemic absorption of silver nanoparticles through healthy human skin.
41  X-ray particles diffraction
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2019 Effect of aluminum loading on structural and morphological characteristics of ZnO nanoparticles for heavy metal ion elimination.
42  X-Ray polycrystalline Diffractometer
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2010 In vitro behavior of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast with different annealing temperature titania nanotubes.
43  X-ray Refraction Dispersive
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Kinetic and isotherm studies on adsorption of fluoride by limonite with batch technique.
44  X-ray scattering methods
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EDP (1 time)
Ld (1 time)
2008 Modification of membrane heterogeneity by antipsychotic drugs: an X-ray diffraction comparative study.
45  X-ray single crystal diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2017 New Pyrazole-Hydrazone Derivatives: X-ray Analysis, Molecular Structure Investigation via Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Their High In-Situ Catecholase Activity.