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Abbreviation: YS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
yolk sac
(162 times)
Hematology
(24 times)
AGM (14 times)
HSCs (14 times)
FL (10 times)
1977 Chicken embryo as an animal model for gonorrhea.
yield strength
(81 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
UTS (56 times)
EL (10 times)
SEM (8 times)
1986 Comparison of bending and tension tests for orthodontic wires.
Yellow Sea
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
ECS (25 times)
BS (19 times)
SCS (10 times)
2009 Relocation of the Yellow River as revealed by sedimentary isotopic and elemental signals in the East China Sea.
Yoshida sarcoma
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
5-FU (2 times)
VCR (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
1975 A study of the immuno-suppressive activity of Herpes simplex virus type 2 and the tumor enhancing potential of the virus on Yoshida sarcoma.
young sedentary
(15 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
OS (13 times)
OT (7 times)
YT (5 times)
1997 Age, fitness, and regional blood flow during exercise in the heat.
yellow soil
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BS (2 times)
Cd (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2011 Quantitative analyses of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in fields with different soil types.
yield stress
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
UTS (4 times)
AC (1 time)
AlMgSiMnFe (1 time)
2003 [Hemorheological changes at reconstructive operations on the aorta].
Yeongsan
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
BOD (1 time)
BT (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
2007 Spatial and temporal pollutant budget analyses toward the total maximum daily loads management for the Yeongsan watershed in Korea.
Yorkshire
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
KNP (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
LR (2 times)
2008 Differentially expressed transcripts in adipose tissue between Korean native pig and Yorkshire breeds.
10  Yucca schidigera
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
cAMP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
GT (1 time)
1999 Effect of Yucca schidigera on ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestion in heifers.
11  yolk sac tumor
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EC (5 times)
CH (2 times)
beta-hCG (1 time)
1986 Nongerminomatous malignant germ cell tumors in children. A review of 89 cases from the Pediatric Oncology Group, 1971-1984.
12  yolk-shell
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
LIBs (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2016 Synthesis of Yolk-Shell Structured Fe3O4@void@CdS Nanoparticles: A General and Effective Structure Design for Photo-Fenton Reaction.
13  young subjects
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
1977 [Cellular interactions in the lymphocyte response to PHA in old people].
14  yam starch
(3 times)
Food Technology
(2 times)
CMCS (1 time)
2017 Synergistic rheological behavior and morphology of yam starch and Auricularia auricula-judae polysaccharide-composite gels under processing conditions.
15  Yangshuo
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
DB (1 time)
EC (1 time)
Er (1 time)
2017 Mitochondrial DNA markers reveal high genetic diversity and strong genetic differentiation in populations of Dendrolimus kikuchii Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae).
16  yeast selenium
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
aNDF (1 time)
CP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2010 Effects of yeast selenium supplementation on the growth performance, meat quality, immunity, and antioxidant capacity of goose.
17  young smokers
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ONS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
YNS (2 times)
1982 Effects of age and smoking on the pharmacokinetics of pindolol and propranolol.
18  young syndrome
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
SO (1 time)
1997 [Clinical features and ultrastructure of primary ciliary dyskinesia and Young syndrome].
19  year-season
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NBA (1 time)
NW (1 time)
OPP (1 time)
2017 Role of inbreeding depression, non-inbred dominance deviations and random year-season effect in genetic trends for prolificacy in closed rabbit lines.
20  years-saved
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CVDs (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
2020 Female and male US Olympic athletes live 5 years longer than their general population counterparts: a study of 8124 former US Olympians.
21  yeast culture
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
HBA (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1997 Effect of yeast culture and phenolic acids on the physiology of rumen fermentation determined in vitro.
22  yeast extract starch
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BHI (1 time)
BHIS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1995 [Amylase production of Streptomyces rimosus TM-55 and their 2-deoxyglucose resistant mutants].
23  yellow sarson
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
Osm (1 time)
TR (1 time)
1976 A quantitative evaluation of inter-varietal hybrids of Brassica campestris L.
24  yellow soybeans
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
GCSBS (1 time)
2013 Effect of thermal treatments on anti-nutritional factors and antioxidant capabilities in yellow soybeans and green-cotyledon small black soybeans.
25  yellow speckle
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
GYSVd-1 (2 times)
nt (1 time)
SSCP (1 time)
1998 Population diversity in grapevine yellow speckle viroid-1 and the relationship to disease expression.
26  yellow-sand
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADSE (1 time)
Al (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2006 Assessment of PM10 enhancement by yellow sand on the air quality of Taipei, Taiwan in 2001.
27  Yisheng injection
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
2004 The protective mechanism of Yisheng Injection against hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury in mice.
28  Yoon Soon
(2 times)
Endoscopes
(1 time)
TMLNH (1 time)
2015 YS knot: A new technique for a tension-controlled slip knot using a trocar.
29  Yoshida ascites sarcoma
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
cyclic AMP (1 time)
dCyd (1 time)
RC-toxin (1 time)
1975 Effect of Ricinus communis toxin on cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate metabolism in Yoshida ascites sarcoma cells.
30  Yoshida sarcoma cell lines sensitive
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
MDMS (2 times)
ara-C (1 time)
MMS (1 time)
1981 DNA strand breaks and repair synthesis in Yoshida sarcoma: cells with differential sensitivities to bi-functional alkylating agents and UV light.
31  young healthy subjects
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
ANGPTL4 (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2009 Acute hyperinsulinemia raises plasma interleukin-6 in both nondiabetic and type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects, and this effect is inversely associated with body mass index.
32  young stems
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEGs (2 times)
YL (2 times)
C3H (1 time)
2015 Transcriptome Analysis Reveals the Mechanism Underlying the Production of a High Quantity of Chlorogenic Acid in Young Leaves of Lonicera macranthoides Hand.-Mazz.
33  young surgeons
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CP (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2017 Youth and Experience: The Effect of Surgeon Experience on Outcomes in Cerebral Palsy Scoliosis Surgery.
34  younger survivors
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2014 Comparison of younger and older breast cancer survivors and age-matched controls on specific and overall quality of life domains.
35  Yucatan shelf
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GAMs (1 time)
MaxEnt (1 time)
2019 Metazoan parasite infracommunities of the dusky flounder (Syacium papillosum) as bioindicators of environmental conditions in the continental shelf of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.
36  15-year survival
(1 time)
Thoracic Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2005 Full-thickness chest wall resection for locally recurrent breast cancer.
37  Thirty-six young
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CVC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2007 Impaired defense of core temperature in aged humans during mild cold stress.
38  Y chromosome
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
rDNA (1 time)
2022 Ribosomal DNA Instability as a Potential Cause of Karyotype Evolution.
39  Y-short
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1977 Heterochromatin of the Drosophila melanogaster Y chromosome as modifier of position effect variegation: the time of its action.
40  Yahagi sand
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
2000 Root system responses of Japanese red cedar saplings to acidic conditions.
41  Yale Spinal
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
Ns (1 time)
US-FNAC (1 time)
2008 Spinal needle improves diagnostic cytological specimens of thyroid nodules.
42  Yanagihara system
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
FDI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2013 [Analysis of the neurological status and functional outcome after facial nerve neuroplasctics using accessory nerve].
43  Yaotongling suppository
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
LIDP (1 time)
2009 [Effect of hallux-trampling combined with Yaotongling suppository on microcirculation in treating lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse].
44  year of school
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
2020 Conceptualization of dental caries by dental students is related to their preventive oral care routine.
45  year score
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
APACHE III (1 time)
APS (1 time)
SARS (1 time)
2003 [Analysis of acute physiology and chronic health evaluation III in the 54 patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome].
46  yeast
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2013 Effect of timing of post-partum introduction to pasture and supplementation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae on milk production, metabolic status, energy balance and some reproductive parameters in early lactation dairy cows.
47  yeast cell shell
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2020 A biomimetic yeast shell vaccine coated with layered double hydroxides induces a robust humoral and cellular immune response against tumors.
48  yeast derived sucrase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HK (1 time)
1999 Analytical methods and stability assessment of liquid yeast derived sucrase.
49  yeast sepsis
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
YC (1 time)
1994 Routine prophylactic antifungal agents (clotrimazole, ketoconazole, and nystatin) in nontransplant/nonburned critically ill surgical and trauma patients.
50  yeast shell
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
OVA (1 time)
2015 Efficient delivery of antigen to DCs using yeast-derived microparticles.
51  yeast strain
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
2022 Effect of Different Yeast Strains on Biogenic Amines, Volatile Compounds and Sensory Profile of Beer.
52  yeast-derived Se
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
2011 Source of selenium supplementation influences testis selenium content and gene expression profiles in Single Comb White Leghorn roosters.
53  yeast-derived selenium
(1 time)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
SM (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2011 Gene expression profiling reveals differential effects of sodium selenite, selenomethionine, and yeast-derived selenium in the mouse.
54  yellow mombin seed
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
JS (2 times)
2020 Yellow mombin and jackfruit seeds residues applied in the production of reducing sugars by a crude multi-enzymatic extract produced by Penicillium roqueforti ATCC 101110.
55  yellow seeds
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2011 Differential salt tolerance in seedlings derived from dimorphic seeds of Atriplex centralasiatica: from physiology to molecular analysis.
56  yellow semen
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
WS (1 time)
1982 Elevated seminal plasma protein: a characteristic of Yellow turkey semen.
57  yellow shammah
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2019 Genotoxicity of yellow shammah (smokeless tobacco) in murine bone marrow cells in vivo.
58  Yellow Snowdon
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
WR (1 time)
2008 [Development and parasitism of Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Cresson) and Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on two chrysanthemum cultivars].
59  yellow-colored semen
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
WS (1 time)
1982 Morphology of the epididymal region of turkeys producing abnormal yellow semen.
60  yellow-seeded
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
2012 Differential metabolite profiles and salinity tolerance between two genetically related brown-seeded and yellow-seeded Brassica carinata lines.
61  yellow-split
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LPTs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2021 Dual-Fortified Lentil Products-A Sustainable New Approach to Provide Additional Bioavailable Iron and Zinc in Humans.
62  Yiduo Shixia
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
JA (1 time)
JA-Ile (1 time)
SY (1 time)
2022 Investigating the Mechanism of Unilateral Cross Incompatibility in Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) Cultivars (Yiduo Shixia).
63  Yield under water stress
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
GLAU (1 time)
GW (1 time)
2017 Traits Explaining Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum L. spp. Durum) Yield in Dry Chilean Mediterranean Environments.
64  Yifei Sanjie Formula
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2022 Yifei Sanjie Formula Treats Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease by Remodeling Pulmonary Microbiota.
65  Yixing soil
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
CBR (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2014 Effect of two biogas residues' application on copper and zinc fractionation and release in different soils.
66  Yoga/Stretching
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FR (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2016 Comparison of Protein-Pacing Alone or With Yoga/Stretching and Resistance Training on Glycemia, Total and Regional Body Composition, and Aerobic Fitness in Overweight Women.
67  yoghurt serum
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
TAMB (1 time)
2014 Effect of yoghurt or yoghurt serum on microbial quality of cig kofte.
68  yogurt smoothie
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GTTs (1 time)
2021 Matrix Effects on the Delivery Efficacy of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 on Fecal Microbiota, Gut Transit Time, and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Healthy Young Adults.
69  yogurt smoothie with no BB-12
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
cap (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2017 Effects of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 on the lipid/lipoprotein profile and short chain fatty acids in healthy young adults: a randomized controlled trial.
70  yogurt smoothies alone
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
cap (1 time)
NK (1 time)
URTI (1 time)
2016 Consumption of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 impacts upper respiratory tract infection and the function of NK and Tcells in healthy adults.
71  yogurt supernatant
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2013 Inhibitory effect of yogurt extract on dental enamel demineralisation - an in vitro study.
72  yoked-saline
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2009 Neuronal adaptations, neuroendocrine and immune correlates of heroin self-administration.
73  yolk sac diameter
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CRL (1 time)
GS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2006 Do early pregnancy ultrasound measurements correlate with fetal nuchal translucency at 11-14 weeks?
74  yolk sac endothelial progenitor cells
(1 time)
Bioengineering
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2022 In vivo biocompatibility analysis of the recellularized canine tracheal scaffolds with canine epithelial and endothelial progenitor cells.
75  Yorkshire sires
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2009 Genetics of crossbred sow longevity.
76  Yoshida Sarcoma cells
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
CPM (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1983 [Coenzyme Q10 in cancer chemotherapy--experimental studies on augmentation of the effects of masked compounds, especially in the combined chemotherapy with immunopotentiators].
77  Yoshida's nutrient solution
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2005 A hydroponic rice seedling culture model system for investigating proteome of salt stress in rice leaf.
78  young leaves alone
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2011 Systemic regulation of leaf anatomical structure, photosynthetic performance, and high-light tolerance in sorghum.
79  young male subjects
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2003 Reduced oxidative power but unchanged antioxidative capacity in skeletal muscle from aged humans.
80  young sedentary subjects
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2022 Physical active lifestyle promotes static and dynamic balance performance in young and older adults.
81  young soil
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
Rs (1 time)
2016 Responses of peat carbon at different depths to simulated warming and oxidizing.
82  young stroke
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ACLA (1 time)
APS (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
2009 Prevalence of anticardiolipin antibodies in patient cohorts with distinct clinical manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome.
83  younger adults
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TMD (1 time)
2006 Inter-examiner reliability in the clinical examination of temporomandibular disorders: influence of age.
84  younger sibling
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2003 Longitudinal direct and indirect pathways linking older sibling competence to the development of younger sibling competence.
85  youngest individuals in the pedigree
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
BW (1 time)
DK (1 time)
2021 Predictive assessment of single-step BLUP with linear and non-linear similarity RKHS kernels: A case study in chickens.
86  Youngia sonchifolia
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DAPI (1 time)
ID (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2016 Anticancer effects of Ixeris dentata (Thunb. ex Thunb.) nakai extract on human melanoma cells A375P and A375SM.
87  Youngstock
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BM Ab (1 time)
BM PCR (1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
2016 Comparison of bulk milk antibody and youngstock serology screens for determining herd status for Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus.
88  Youth sport
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
MVPA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2018 Physical activity patterns across time-segmented youth sport flag football practice.
89  youth stage
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2022 Dynamics of vaginal microbiome in female beagles at different ages.
90  Yu-ping-feng San
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2014 The effects of two Chinese herbal medicinal formulae vs. placebo controls for treatment of allergic rhinitis: a randomised controlled trial.
91  Yucatan continental shelf
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Metazoan Parasite Infracommunities of the Tomtate Grunt (Haemulon aurolineatum) as Potential Bioindicators of Environmental Conditions in the Yucatan Continental Shelf, Mexico.
92  Yucca schidigera Roezl ex Ortgies
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
QS (1 time)
2012 Effects of saponin extracts on air emissions from steers.
93  Yucca schidigera-based extract
(1 time)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2020 Determining the influence of chromium propionate and Yucca schidigera on growth performance and carcass composition of pigs housed in a commercial environment.
94  Yunnan sterilized
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
GN (1 time)
GS (1 time)
YN (1 time)
2021 Insights into the mechanism of the effects of rhizosphere microorganisms on the quality of authentic Angelica sinensis under different soil microenvironments.
95  Yunshang Black
(1 time)
JC (1 time)
JT (1 time)
ROH (1 time)
2022 Genetic Diversity and Selection Signatures in Jianchang Black Goats Revealed by Whole-Genome Sequencing Data.
96  Yupingfengsan and Siwutang compound formula
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2021 The inhibitory effect of Yupingfengsan and Siwutang compound formula on inflammation and oxidative stress in COPD rats.
97  Yuva Samalochakas
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
YPs (1 time)
YSKs (1 time)
2022 Yuva spandana - A youth mental health promotion model in India - Design, methods and progress.
98  Yuva Spandana
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Effectiveness of a Structured Training Module on Different Learning Domains among Yuva Parivarthakas under Yuva Spandana Program.