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Abbreviation: app
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
application
(345 times)
Medical Informatics
(48 times)
mHealth (18 times)
PA (6 times)
ICC (5 times)
2011 Tweets, Apps, and Pods: Results of the 6-month Mobile Pounds Off Digitally (Mobile POD) randomized weight-loss intervention among adults.
apparent Michaelis-Menten constant K(M)
(30 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
HRP (4 times)
Hb (3 times)
max (3 times)
1975 Structure-activity relationship in the urokinase hydrolysis of alpha-N-acetyl-L-lysine anilides.
apparent
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMD (3 times)
Tb.N (3 times)
Tb.Th (3 times)
1984 The role of hepatic biotransformation in mediating the acute toxicity of the phosphorothionate insecticide chlorpyrifos.
absorptive P
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
P-gp (4 times)
ACY (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2003 Rhodamine 123 requires carrier-mediated influx for its activity as a P-glycoprotein substrate in Caco-2 cells.
apparent second-order rate constant, k
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ads (2 times)
Bio-E-Fenton (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
1999 The reaction rates of NO with horseradish peroxidase compounds I and II.
apparent diffusion coefficient D
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
PFG (2 times)
APS (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
2001 Moisture effect on the transport of organic vapors in sand.
apparent rate constants k
(9 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
ORR (2 times)
4-NP (1 time)
BTBAMBB (1 time)
1986 Viscosity dependence of the solute quenching of the tryptophanyl fluorescence of proteins.
apparent permeability coefficient, P
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
P-gp (3 times)
AVP (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1998 Arginine vasopressin transport and metabolism in the pigmented rabbit conjunctiva.
apparent dissociation rate constant, kd
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
FCS (1 time)
gp32 (1 time)
HMG (1 time)
1969 The effects of calcium and magnesium ions on the adenosine triphosphatase and inosine triphosphatase activities of myosin A.
10  AP-to-BL P
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2008 Intestinal permeability to glucose after experimental traumatic brain injury: effect of gadopentetate dimeglumine administration.
11  apparent affinity constant K
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Con A (1 time)
ELLA (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1980 Human cathepsin B. Application of the substrate N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-arginyl-L-arginine 2-naphthylamide to a study of the inhibition by leupeptin.
12  apparent binding constant, K
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CALI (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
1981 Taxol binds to polymerized tubulin in vitro.
13  approximately 20-fold the Km
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2004 Suppression of aromatase activity in vitro by PCBs 28 and 105 and Aroclor 1221.
14  apparent equilibrium constants K
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AT (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CEPT (1 time)
1992 TraK protein of conjugative plasmid RP4 forms a specialized nucleoprotein complex with the transfer origin.
15  apparent maximum velocity, Vmax
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Chol (2 times)
DAG (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1993 Effects of 1,2-diacylglycerol and cholesterol on the hydrolysis activity of phospholipase D in egg-yolk phosphatidylcholine bilayers.
16  approximate D
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
mill (1 time)
2000 Diffusion coefficient in photon diffusion theory.
17  (BL-AP)/ P
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Absorption and transportation of calycosin in Astragali Radix by using Caco-2 monolayer model].
18  antiperiplanar
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Rate limiting P-O(5') bond cleavage of RNA fragment: ab initio molecular orbital calculations on the base-catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphate.
19  apparent absorption coefficient epsilon
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GL (1 time)
LQ (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2008 Quantitative ultraviolet measurements on wetted thin-layer chromatography plates using a charge-coupled device camera.
20  apparent constant K(M)
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2011 Impedance spectroscopy and conductometric biosensing for probing catalase reaction with cyanide as ligand and inhibitor.
21  apparent contact angle theta
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2010 Microstructured superhydrorepellent surfaces: effect of drop pressure on fakir-state stability and apparent contact angles.
22  apparent enantioseparation factor alpha
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CSPs (1 time)
Dl (1 time)
2008 Existence of a low isoenantioselective temperature in complexation gas chromatography. Profound change of enantioselectivity of a nickel(II) chiral selector either bonded to, or dissolved in, poly(dimethylsiloxane).
23  apparent FRET efficiencies, E
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FRET (2 times)
Ste2p (1 time)
2005 Protein interaction quantified in vivo by spectrally resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer.
24  apparent heterogeneous electron-transfer rate constant, k
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FAD (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2004 Electrochemical performance of diamond thin-film electrodes from different commercial sources.
25  apparent partition coefficient, P
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
obs (1 time)
2001 Effect of drug lipophilicity on in vitro release rate from oil vehicles using nicotinic acid esters as model prodrug derivatives.
26  apparent viscosity mu
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Deformability and filterability of white blood cell subpopulations. Evaluation of these parameters in the cell line HL-60 and in type II diabetes mellitus.
27  application program
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FSK (1 time)
GLASS (1 time)
NRV (1 time)
2018 Implementation of global antimicrobial resistance surveillance system (GLASS) in patients with bacteremia.
28  PK and P
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
NEM (1 time)
SH (1 time)
1988 Volume and anion dependency of ouabain-resistant K-Rb fluxes in sheep red blood cells.
29  1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate and the Km
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
acyl-ACP (1 time)
1984 Localization and characterization of the sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase in Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides.
30  2-antiplasmin inhibits the plasminogen-staphylokinase complex with k1
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 On the mechanism of fibrin-specific plasminogen activation by staphylokinase.
31  3H-AVP, the P
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
ms (1 time)
sm (1 time)
1998 Arginine vasopressin transport and metabolism in the pigmented rabbit conjunctiva.
32  5-thio-alpha-D-glucopyranose and D-sorbitol is invariant with pH, but Km
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Mechanism of D-fructose isomerization by Arthrobacter D-xylose isomerase.
33  absorption enhancers, the P
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
MDCK (1 time)
2012 Investigation of transport mechanism of exendin-4 across Madin Darby canine kidney cell monolayers.
34  absorption fraction and the P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2005 [High throughput screening of pharmacokinetics and metabolism in drug discovery (I)--establishment of assessment system for absorption to compounds with a wide diversity of physical properties].
35  absorption of genistein across Caco-2 cell monolayers with a P
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Transport of genistein-7-glucoside by human intestinal CACO-2 cells: potential role for MRP2.
36  absorption of KBA with a P
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AKBA (1 time)
KBA (1 time)
2009 Permeation of Boswellia extract in the Caco-2 model and possible interactions of its constituents KBA and AKBA with OATP1B3 and MRP2.
37  absorption with relatively small P
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EGC (1 time)
2004 Investigation of intestinal absorption and disposition of green tea catechins by Caco-2 monolayer model.
38  absorptive direction across Caco-2 cells with a P
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
AO (1 time)
BCA (1 time)
2009 Transport and metabolism of the antitumour drug candidate 2'-benzoyloxycinnamaldehyde in Caco-2 cells.
39  absorptive direction to P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vitro permeation of beta-lactam antibiotics across rat jejunum and its correlation with oral bioavailability in humans.
40  absorptive permeability, log P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Towards prediction of in vivo intestinal absorption using a 96-well Caco-2 assay.
41  acceptable in vitro cytotoxicity, inhibited TcGAPDH with a Ki
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ITC (1 time)
TcGAPDH (1 time)
2013 Molecular design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 1,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline ribonucleosides as TcGAPDH inhibitors with trypanocidal activity.
42  accordance with experimental data from literature, the coefficient Dparallel
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Random walk analysis of restricted metabolite diffusion in skeletal myofibril systems.
43  acidic pH with a higher pK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Tuning the insertion properties of pHLIP.
44  acidic pHs but that it does shift the pK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Iron bound to the high-affinity Mn-binding site of the oxygen-evolving complex shifts the pK of a component controlling electron transport via Y(Z).
45  across PBCEC monolayers was directed with P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MDCKII-hBCRP (1 time)
PBCECs (1 time)
2009 A fluorescence-based in vitro assay for drug interactions with breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2).
46  actins produced a complex migrating with an M
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EDC (1 time)
1995 Binding of heavy-chain and essential light-chain 1 of S1 to actin depends on the degree of saturation of F-actin filaments with S1.
47  activator was dilauroyl phosphatidylcholine, which reduced the Km
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1985 Modulation of epididymal delta 4-steroid 5 alpha-reductase activity in vitro by the phospholipid environment.
48  activity of T. thermophilus RNA polymerase, and increase the k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Transcript cleavage by Thermus thermophilus RNA polymerase. Effects of GreA and anti-GreA factors.
49  additional peptides with M
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EDC (1 time)
1995 Binding of heavy-chain and essential light-chain 1 of S1 to actin depends on the degree of saturation of F-actin filaments with S1.
50  adenyl-5'-yl beta,gamma-imidodiphosphate, the main cross-linked products were species with M(r)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ECF1 (1 time)
1993 ATP hydrolysis-linked structural changes in the N-terminal part of the gamma subunit of Escherichia coli F1-ATPase examined by cross-linking studies.
51  adsorption and proliferation, and that the idea of D
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AGM (1 time)
MOIs (1 time)
2012 Diffusion of bacteriophages through artificial biofilm models.
52  adsorption, with an increase in the pK
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2008 In situ particle film ATR FTIR spectroscopy of carboxymethyl cellulose adsorption on talc: binding mechanism, pH effects, and adsorption kinetics.
53  affinity for phospholipid and KM
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1993 The importance of specific gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues in prothrombin. Evaluation by site-specific mutagenesis.
54  After the compatibility between saponins and flavonoids, P
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BL (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2012 [Study on transport of Yangyin Tongnao granules in main effective fractions].
55  After verapamil addition, their P
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
CBZ-E (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of the permeability and P-glycoprotein efflux of carbamazepine and several derivatives across mouse small intestine by the Ussing chamber technique.
56  agonist pK(I)' values were closer to pK
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Correlation of apparent affinity values from H3-receptor binding assays with apparent affinity (pKapp) and intrinsic activity (alpha) from functional bioassays.
57  alkaline pH and confirms the effects of pH on K(d)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
off (1 time)
2009 Residues in the H+ translocation site define the pKa for sugar binding to LacY.
58  alkaloids had good permeability with P
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
HA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2012 Intestinal transport of pure diester-type alkaloids from an aconite extract across the Caco-2 cell monolayer model.
59  along two single exponential curves, a rapid one with k
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 The dephosphorylation reaction of the Ca(2+)-ATPase from plasma membranes.
60  alpha and pK
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HAs (1 time)
1996 Acid-base characterization of molecular weight fractionated humic acid.
61  alpha- compared with beta-MHC, while g
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2011 Effects of low-level α-myosin heavy chain expression on contractile kinetics in porcine myocardium.
62  alpha-helix did not affect its P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Poly(L-lysine) as a model drug macromolecule with which to investigate secondary structure and microporous membrane transport, part 2: diffusion studies.
63  alpha-pinene and isomenthone, the P
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2010 Comparative study on the in vitro human skin permeation of monoterpenes and phenylpropanoids applied in rose oil and in form of neat single compounds.
64  also competitively inhibited by its product, palmitoyl-(R)-carnitine, Ki
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
1988 Hemipalmitoylcarnitinium, a strong competitive inhibitor of purified hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase.
65  also explain the estimated P/O
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
DCW (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2004 The energetic conversion competence of Escherichia coli during aerobic respiration studied by 31P NMR using a circulating fermentation system.
66  also made to compare the measured P
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
2008 Frog intestinal sac as an in vitro method for the assessment of intestinal permeability in humans: Application to carrier transported drugs.
67  Alternatively, morphine-3-glucuronide formation displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with K(m)
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
UGTs (1 time)
2000 In vitro glucuronidation using human liver microsomes and the pore-forming peptide alamethicin.
68  Although peptide fragment I85-K95 binds to S-1 with a Kd
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Interaction of 75-106 actin peptide with myosin subfragment-1 and its trypsin modified derivative.
69  although poorer than those between log k and log P
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2004 Micellar versus hydro-organic mobile phases for retention-hydrophobicity relationship studies with ionizable diuretics and an anionic surfactant.
70  amentoflavone together with hypericum: P
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
BCEC (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
2002 Transport of amentoflavone across the blood-brain barrier in vitro.
71  AMP inhibition, the corresponding values for Ki
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Chloride affects the interaction between tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNA.
72  analysis has been performed by plotting P
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Caco-2/TC7 cell line characterization for intestinal absorption: how reliable is this in vitro model for the prediction of the oral dose fraction absorbed in human?
73  Analysis of inhibition specificity, inhibition patterns, and Ki
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Multisubstrate analogs for deoxynucleoside kinases. Triphosphate end products and synthetic bisubstrate analogs exhibit identical modes of binding and are useful probes for distinguishing kinetic mechanisms.
74  Another multiple-MRP inhibitor, indomethacin, only modestly decreased the P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
B12H (1 time)
2011 Intestinal transport of bis(12)-hupyridone in Caco-2 cells and its improved permeability by the surfactant Brij-35.
75  AP side, respectively, which P
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AMC (1 time)
AML (1 time)
AP side (1 time)
2008 [Studies on predict of absorption of corynanthine, yohimbine, ajmalicine and ajmaline across human intestinal epithelial by using human Caco-2 cells monolayers].
76  AP to BL, while its P
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2010 [Absorption and transportation characteristics of scutellarin and scutellarein across Caco-2 monolayer model].
77  AP-->BL P
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HAT (1 time)
HDAC (1 time)
MRP1 (1 time)
2005 Efflux of depsipeptide FK228 (FR901228, NSC-630176) is mediated by P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1.
78  apical flux of chrysin, P
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Transport of the flavonoid chrysin and its conjugated metabolites by the human intestinal cell line Caco-2.
79  apical P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MRPs (1 time)
2011 The membrane transport of flavonoids from Crossostephium chinense across the Caco-2 monolayer.
80  apical-to-basal P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Characterisation of cerivastatin as a P-glycoprotein substrate: studies in P-glycoprotein-expressing cell monolayers and mdr1a/b knock-out mice.
81  apical-to-basolateral P
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Absorption of folate by Caco-2 cells is not affected by high glucose concentration.
82  apical/basolateral=2.2 x 10(-6)cm/s, P
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Identification of novel short chain 4-substituted indoles as potent alphavbeta3 antagonist using structure-based drug design.
83  app = 1.76 X 10(-4)M, and k3
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1976 Characteristics of the association between prothrombin fragment 2 and alpha-thrombin.
84  apparent activation energy E a
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
IMs (1 time)
IRC (1 time)
2016 Kinetics investigation of the hydrogen abstraction reaction between CH3SS and CN radicals.
85  Apparent association rate constants do not obey the equation k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AVM B1a (1 time)
GABAA (1 time)
1993 Interconvertible kinetic states of t-butylbicycloorthobenzoate binding sites of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA ionophores.
86  Apparent binding constant values, pK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2015 Synthesis, crystal structure and investigation of mononuclear copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a new carboxylate rich tripodal ligand and their interaction with carbohydrates in alkaline aqueous solution.
87  apparent binding site size S
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Interactions of human O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) with short double-stranded DNAs.
88  apparent chain growth rate constant k(p)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Zr (1 time)
2003 Zirconocene-catalyzed propene polymerization: a quenched-flow kinetic study.
89  apparent coefficient of radial diffusion, D
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
eff (1 time)
2011 Obstructed metabolite diffusion within skeletal muscle cells in silico.
90  apparent complexation constant for this new species, log K
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Guanidine is a Zn(2+)-binding ligand at neutral pH in aqueous solution.
91  apparent degree of saturation, delta
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2005 Simultaneous measurement of saturation and relaxation in human brain by repetitive magnetization transfer pulses.
92  apparent diameter d
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SDS (1 time)
TX-100 (1 time)
2005 Toluene solubilization induces different modes of mixed micelle growth.
93  apparent diffusion and kurtosis parameters show that both D
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2011 Diffusion kurtosis imaging discriminates patients with white matter lesions from healthy subjects.
94  apparent diffusion coefficient from the more fundamental transport theory, D
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Diffusion coefficient in photon diffusion theory.
95  apparent diffusion coefficient of water, D
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 NMR studies of restricted diffusion in lyotropic systems.
96  apparent diffusion constant D
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
Ds (1 time)
2004 Effect of dynamic surfactant adsorption on emulsion stability.
97  apparent dissociation constant in vivo, K(D)
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1979 Transport of steroid hormones through the rat blood-brain barrier. Primary role of albumin-bound hormone.
98  apparent elastic modulus of the cells, E
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
l-NAME (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
2004 Stretch-induced nitric oxide modulates mechanical properties of skeletal muscle cells.
99  apparent equilibrium compliance, J(e)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Hysteresis and strain hardening in the creep response of a polyaniline ER fluid.
100  apparent gas-phase basicities GB
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CRM (1 time)
2003 Effect of buffer cations and of H3O+ on the charge states of native proteins. Significance to determinations of stability constants of protein complexes.