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Abbreviation: mRNA
Appearance Frequency: 11816 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
messenger RNA
(10218 times)
Endocrinology
(1457 times)
RT-PCR (662 times)
TNF-alpha (387 times)
IL (378 times)
1966 In vivo stability of bacteriophage T4 messenger ribonucleic acid.
messenger ribonucleic acid
(1503 times)
Endocrinology
(264 times)
RT-PCR (150 times)
PCR (54 times)
TNF-alpha (47 times)
1967 Differential expression of bacteriophage genomes in vegetative and sporulating cells of Bacillus subtilis.
miRNA-messenger RNA
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
miRNA (4 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
3'-UTR (1 time)
2007 Transforming growth factor-beta and microRNA:mRNA regulatory networks in epithelial plasticity.
mitochondrial RNA
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
BSP (1 time)
2000 Expression of neurotrophins and their receptors (TRK) during fracture healing.
microRNA
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CTGF (1 time)
DNMT1 (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2013 Characterization of a piRNA binding protein Miwi in mouse oocytes.
messenger ribonucleic acid sequences
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1989 [Gonadal opioids and testicular function].
molecular-beacon-type riboregulator
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Doubly catalytic sensing of HIV-1-related CCR5 sequence in prokaryotic cell-free translation system using riboregulator-controlled luciferase activity.
1(l)-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Toxic oil stimulates collagen synthesis acting at a pretranslational level in cultured fat-storing cells.
albumin-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
PMNC (1 time)
1997 Lack of specificity of albumin-mRNA-positive cells as a marker of circulating hepatoma cells.
10  Beta1-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
1999 beta1 to beta3 switch in control of cyclic adenosine monophosphate during brown adipocyte development explains distinct beta-adrenoceptor subtype mediation of proliferation and differentiation.
11  DNA-MTase transcripts
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DNA-MTase (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
1993 Increased cytosine DNA-methyltransferase activity during colon cancer progression.
12  Genotype-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
SLE (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2012 Brief report: candidate gene study in systemic sclerosis identifies a rare and functional variant of the TNFAIP3 locus as a risk factor for polyautoimmunity.
13  hormone-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BME (1 time)
BMP4 (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2013 Short-term culture of ovarian cortical strips from capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella): a morphological, viability, and molecular study of preantral follicular development in vitro.
14  induced-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Cachexia
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2016 Docosahexaenoic acid-supplementation prior to fasting prevents muscle atrophy in mice.
15  major sensor of MDP, was expressed
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
bMEpC (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
LTA (1 time)
2010 Muramyl dipeptide synergizes with Staphylococcus aureus lipoteichoic acid to recruit neutrophils in the mammary gland and to stimulate mammary epithelial cells.
16  make five pools of poly A+ RNA
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HFA (1 time)
2001 Gene profiling of human fetal and adult adrenals.
17  manifest the specific gene expression of anterior pituitary hormones
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
GH (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1995 HGH, PRL, and ACTH Gene Expression in Clinically Nonfunctioning Adenomas Detected with Nonisotopic In Situ Hybridization Method.
18  markedly during the differentiation to a
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
1992 Macrophage differentiation-specific expression of NF-IL6, a transcription factor for interleukin-6.
19  marker RNA
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
HDPCs (1 time)
2010 Effects of fibroblast growth factor-2 on the expression and regulation of chemokines in human dental pulp cells.
20  markers, functional genomic information
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 Osteogenic signaling on silk-based matrices.
21  maternal deprivation would downregulate expression of NM transcripts
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NM (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2017 Maternal deprivation alters expression of neural maturation gene tbr1 in the amygdala paralaminar nucleus in infant female macaques.
22  matrix RNA
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2016 [Expression of microRNA let-7a, miR-155, and miR-205 in tumor and tumor-adjacent histologically normal tissue in patients with non-small cell lung cancer].
23  may translate the same
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Stochastic theory of protein synthesis and polysome: ribosome profile on a single mRNA transcript.
24  MBS-factors appear to be RNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Effect of triiodothyronine and ICl on protein synthesis in cell-free systems].
25  MCP-1 at both the protein and transcript
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HUASMC (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
2009 Physiologically relevant metabolites of quercetin have no effect on adhesion molecule or chemokine expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells.
26  measured by Northern blot
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
hVSMC (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
1998 Homocysteine redox receptor and regulation of extracellular matrix components in vascular cells.
27  measured by quantitative PCR
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2009 Expression of kinase interacting with stathmin (KIS, UHMK1) in human brain and lymphoblasts: Effects of schizophrenia and genotype.
28  measured the expression of gene transcripts
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
2016 Upregulation of inflammatory gene transcripts in periosteum of chronic migraineurs: Implications for extracranial origin of headache.
29  measured: the synthesis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CAII (1 time)
HCl (1 time)
1995 Secretory and biosynthetic responses of gastrin and somatostatin to acute changes in gastric acidity.
30  measurement of human beta-actin cDNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1997 A simple quantitative measurement of mRNA of human beta-actin by reverse transcription competitive PCR with a compact digital camera.
31  Measurement of the cumulative level of viral plus-strand
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Molecular biology of rotaviruses. VIII. Quantitative analysis of regulation of gene expression during virus replication.
32  measurements, dot blot
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
KATP (1 time)
RPMVEC (1 time)
SUR (1 time)
2003 Shear stress increases expression of a KATP channel in rat and bovine pulmonary vascular endothelial cells.
33  measurements, we show that
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FCS (1 time)
RFP (1 time)
2008 Minimally invasive determination of mRNA concentration in single living bacteria.
34  measuring gene expression
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
2012 Detecting differential expression in RNA-sequence data using quasi-likelihood with shrunken dispersion estimates.
35  mechanism in canavanine-resistant cells and that exogenous AS cDNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
1989 Paradoxical regulation of human argininosuccinate synthetase cDNA minigene in opposition to endogenous gene: evidence for intragenic control sequences.
36  message and protein was confirmed by Northern
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
pSVX120 (1 time)
1992 Increased growth of NIH/3T3 cells by transfection with human p120 complementary DNA and inhibition by a p120 antisense construct.
37  messenger ribonucleic acid expression
(1 time)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
FSD (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PDE5 (1 time)
2007 Expression of messenger ribonucleic acid encoding for phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in human female genital tissues.
38  messenger RNA accumulation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
Hetero KO (1 time)
Homo KO (1 time)
IL-12 (1 time)
1999 Deficiency of the transcription factor c-fos increases lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage interleukin 12 production.
39  messenger RNA expression
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Immunolocalization of steroidogenic enzymes and their expression during the breeding season in the testes of wild raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides).
40  Messenger RNA synthesis
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
rRNA (1 time)
2014 A user's guide to the ribosomal DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
41  messenger RNA transcripts
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CTHRC1 (1 time)
DAS-ELISA (1 time)
2012 Detection of collagen triple helix repeat containing-1 and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 3 in colorectal cancer.
42  metabolism associated with both pretranslational
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
G6P (1 time)
GS (1 time)
PFK (1 time)
1994 Pre- and posttranslational upregulation of muscle-specific glycogen synthase in athletes.
43  method is useful for demonstration of viruses and gene products
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Hybridization in situ. A new technic for the demonstration of viruses and gene products in histologic and cytologic specimens].
44  methods to other data types-for example, transcription
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MOA (1 time)
2000 Pattern recognition analysis of endogenous cell metabolites for high throughput mode of action identification: removing the postscreening dilemma associated with whole-organism high throughput screening.
45  mg.ml-1 solution of poly(A)+ RNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
kb (1 time)
1992 Expression of rat liver glutamine transporters in Xenopus laevis oocytes.
46  micro ribonucleic acid
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ERCC1 (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2013 Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 codon 118 polymorphism, micro ribonucleic acid and protein expression, clinical outcome of the advanced gastric cancer response to first-line FOLFOX-4 in Qinghai-Tibetan plateau population.
47  microRNA genes in negative correlation with their target coding gene
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HDACi (1 time)
2012 A unique histone deacetylase inhibitor alters microRNA expression and signal transduction in chemoresistant ovarian cancer cells.
48  microRNA, gene expression
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
iNET (1 time)
2013 Integrative network-based Bayesian analysis of diverse genomics data.
49  might facilitate efficient nuclear c-fos protein import. c-Jun
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AP-1 (1 time)
bZIP (1 time)
IRES (1 time)
2009 Translational regulation mechanisms of AP-1 proteins.
50  mimic the siRNA:messenger RNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANAs (1 time)
siRNAs (1 time)
2012 How does hydroxyl introduction influence the double helical structure: the stabilization of an altritol nucleic acid:ribonucleic acid duplex.
51  miR-711 and Akt
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
FOXO3 (1 time)
GSK-3 (1 time)
2016 miR-711 upregulation induces neuronal cell death after traumatic brain injury.
52  miRNA and its interplay with host cellular gene expression
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2011 Comparative expression profile of miRNA and mRNA in primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1).
53  mitochondrial or cytoplasmic proteins, suggesting that information
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1973 Effects of cycloheximide, D-threo-chloramphenicol, erythromycin and actinomycin D on De-novo synthesis of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins in the cotyledons of germinating pea seeds.
54  mitochondrial ribonucleic acid
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PBSA (1 time)
PHCs (1 time)
PLLA (1 time)
2012 Characterizations of chondrocyte attachment and proliferation on electrospun biodegradable scaffolds of PLLA and PBSA for use in cartilage tissue engineering.
55  MMP and TIMP expression by zymographic and Northern blot
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
HHF (1 time)
i.e., CDPs and EDPs (1 time)
1996 Extracellular matrix regulation of metalloproteinase and antiproteinase in human heart fibroblast cells.
56  Mn-SOD, extracellular SOD
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2003 Increased superoxide production in coronary arteries in hyperhomocysteinemia: role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, NAD(P)H oxidase, and inducible nitric oxide synthase.
57  modeling approach, we estimated SNP frequency in protein-coding
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2012 The effects of contig length and depth on the estimation of SNP frequencies, and the relative abundance of SNPs in protein-coding and non-coding transcripts of tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum).
58  molecular recognition and quantification of the BCR-ABL fusion transcript
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
2010 RNA quantification using gold nanoprobes - application to cancer diagnostics.
59  molecular RNA
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the Diagnostic Value Between Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay and Histopathologic Examination in Sentinel Lymph Nodes for Patients With Gastric Carcinoma.
60  molecule that can either function as a messenger
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
2002 Antisense-RNA regulation and RNA interference.
61  molecules such as protein coding RNA
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
lncRNA (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
UCEC (1 time)
2017 Cancer-Related Triplets of mRNA-lncRNA-miRNA Revealed by Integrative Network in Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma.
62  monitor in real-time
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FCS (1 time)
RFP (1 time)
2008 Minimally invasive determination of mRNA concentration in single living bacteria.
63  monitoring of transcription
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Proteomics: theoretical and experimental considerations.
64  most protein-coding transcripts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2016 DNA methylation and not H3K4 trimethylation dictates the expression status of miR-152 gene which inhibits migration of breast cancer cells via DNMT1/CDH1 loop.
65  motifs on the protein and nucleotide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Domain organization, genomic structure, evolution, and regulation of expression of the aggrecan gene family.
66  mouse tissues were analyzed for transient
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
2003 The lymphoid past of mouse plasmacytoid cells and thymic dendritic cells.
67  mRNA editing, U
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 G/U and certain wobble position mismatches as possible main causes of amino acid misincorporations.
68  mRNA were predicted in NCBI protein-coding nucleotide
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
EST (1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2009 Conserved microRNAs and their targets in model grass species Brachypodium distachyon.
69  multi-institutional consortium effort aimed at characterizing sequence, copy number, gene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Characterizing DNA methylation alterations from The Cancer Genome Atlas.
70  Muscle and tendon biopsies were analyzed for gene expressions
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
GH (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2014 Effect of growth hormone on aging connective tissue in muscle and tendon: gene expression, morphology, and function following immobilization and rehabilitation.
71  mutants yielding RT-PCR products
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2000 Mutations induced in the HPRT gene by X-irradiation during G(1) or S: analysis of base pair alterations, small deletions, and splice errors.
72  mutation compromises correct premessenger RNA
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2008 Novel synonymous substitution in POMGNT1 promotes exon skipping in a patient with congenital muscular dystrophy.
73  mutation frequency by phenotypic selection, analysis of transcription
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Quantitation of molecular endpoints for the dose-response component of cancer risk assessment.
74  MxA gene expression
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2014 BAb and MxA as functional biomarkers in routine clinical laboratories for the determination of anti-IFN-beta antibodies and their bioactivity levels in multiple sclerosis patients.
75  Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2010 Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection induces il12rb1 splicing to generate a novel IL-12Rbeta1 isoform that enhances DC migration.
76  NcSAG4-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Stage-specific expression of Nc SAG4 as a marker of chronic Neospora caninum infection in a mouse model.
77  receptor-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CSs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HMG-CoA (1 time)
1995 Increase of deoxycholate in supersaturated bile of patients with cholesterol gallstone disease and its correlation with de novo syntheses of cholesterol and bile acids in liver, gallbladder emptying, and small intestinal transit.
78  ribosome-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
aa-tRNA (1 time)
1972 Inhibition of cell-free protein synthesis by hydrostatic pressure.
79  riboswitches-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Riboswitches as antibacterial drug targets.
80  RNA molecules
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2000 [Molecular evolution more than three billion years ago].
81  sst3-messenger RNA
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
sst (1 time)
1997 17-beta-estradiol-dependent regulation of somatostatin receptor subtype expression in the 7315b prolactin secreting rat pituitary tumor in vitro and in vivo.