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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : p.o

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Abbreviation: p.o
Appearance Frequency: 542 time(s)
Long forms: 85

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
per os
(253 times)
Pharmacology
(103 times)
i.p (52 times)
s.c (19 times)
i.v (12 times)
1977 Bronchodilating activity of an H1 blocker, chlorpheniramine.
per oral
(129 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
i.p (32 times)
i.v (17 times)
s.c (13 times)
1978 Protective antitoxic cholera immunity in mice: influence of route and number of immunizations and mode of action of protective antibodies.
perorally
(52 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
i.p (9 times)
s.c (7 times)
i.v (5 times)
1978 Effect of 3-[bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-amino]-acetophenone-[4.5-diphenyl-oxazolyl-(2)]-hydrazone (IMET 98/69) on lethal mengo virus encephalitis.
postoperation
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SCI (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
1989 Regeneration of axons from the adult rat optic nerve: influence of fetal brain grafts, laminin, and artificial basement membrane.
per day, orally
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
i.v (2 times)
AZA (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1992 Predictive value of liver tissue flow in assessment of the viability of liver grafts after extended preservation in pigs.
previously administered
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DHC (2 times)
2000 Evaluation of the gastroprotective activity of cordatin, a diterpene isolated from Aparisthmium cordatum (Euphorbiaceae).
pups after oral administration
(3 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GC/FID (2 times)
DMSO (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2008 Excretion of enrofloxacin in pigs and its effect on ecological environment.
per ora
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
CBG (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2016 Cannabigerol is a novel, well-tolerated appetite stimulant in pre-satiated rats.
phenobarbital
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1984 Reinstatement of responding maintained by cocaine or thiamylal.
10  pioglitazone
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
Ro (1 time)
TZD (1 time)
2008 Comparison between single and combined treatment with candesartan and pioglitazone following transient focal ischemia in rat brain.
11  plasma after oral
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AMA (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
DIKETO (1 time)
2009 Influence of administration route on the biotransformation of amoxicillin in the pig.
12  post-orally
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACF (1 time)
b.wt (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2002 Role of histamine in the inhibitory effects of phycocyanin in experimental models of allergic inflammatory response.
13  post-treatment
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AEBd (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BaV (1 time)
2014 A comparison of the ability of Bellucia dichotoma Cogn. (Melastomataceae) extract to inhibit the local effects of Bothrops atrox venom when pre-incubated and when used according to traditional methods.
14  potency of KB-2413
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Effect of 1-(2-ethoxyethyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-homopiperazinyl)-benzimida zole difumarate (KB-2413), a new antiallergic, on chemical mediators.
15  Pre-administration of ebselen
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Preventive effect of ebselen on acute gastric mucosal lesion development in rats treated with compound 48/80.
16  pretreated by oral route
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AChE (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
GPx (2 times)
2009 Anticonvulsant and antioxidant effects of 3-alkynyl selenophene in 21-day-old rats on pilocarpine model of seizures.
17  protective effect of oral
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
1998 Mechanism of the protective effects of sumac gall extract and gallic acid on the progression of CCl4-induced acute liver injury in rats.
18  pylorus-ligature model, crotonin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DHC (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of the gastroprotective activity of cordatin, a diterpene isolated from Aparisthmium cordatum (Euphorbiaceae).
19  first-pass metabolism after oral
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1994 Famotidine increases plasma alcohol concentration in healthy subjects.
20  paeonol
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2009 Paeonol attenuates high-fat-diet-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits by anti-inflammatory activity.
21  pamoate
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TTS (1 time)
1993 Temperament as a predictor of behavior for conscious sedation in dentistry.
22  paracetamol by the oral route
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
s.c (1 time)
1989 The protective mechanisms of paracetamol against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats.
23  partial autonomic blockers
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Receptor antagonists as tools for structural measurement in psychophysiology.
24  patients received oral
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EPO (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
2008 Intravenous iron sucrose in Chinese hemodialysis patients with renal anemia.
25  patients receiving either chronic oral
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Css (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1981 Clinical pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral bretylium tosylate in survivors of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation: clinical application of a new assay for bretylium.
26  peptides at doses of 0.3-1mg/kg
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2010 Ameliorative effects of a non-competitive BACE1 inhibitor TAK-070 on Abeta peptide levels and impaired learning behavior in aged rats.
27  Pequi oil
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
--- 2019 Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Caryocar brasiliense.
28  Pequi oil were administered orally
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
--- 2019 Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Caryocar brasiliense.
29  per day of dazoxiben
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2000 Effect of DT-TX 30, a combined thromboxane synthase inhibitor and thromboxane receptor antagonist, on retinal vascularity in experimental diabetes mellitus.
30  per day of WEB 2086-BS
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PAF (1 time)
1998 Effect of WEB 2086-BS, an antagonist of platelet-activating factor receptors, on retinal vascularity in diabetic rats.
31  per kilogram
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Anti-diarrhoeal and ulcer-protective effects of the aqueous root extract of Guiera senegalensis in rodents.
32  per oral route
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the ethanol extract of Annona muricata L. leaves in animal models.
33  per orem
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALIs (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2014 What is the role of renin inhibition during rat septic conditions: preventive effect of aliskiren on sepsis-induced lung injury.
34  per oris
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BISA (1 time)
MDH (1 time)
2019 (-)-alpha-Bisabolol reduces nociception and trigeminal central sensitisation in acute orofacial neuropathic pain induced by infraorbital nerve injury.
35  per so
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
CR (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2002 Different chemotherapy schedules in metastatic colorectal cancer: a response and survival analysis.
36  performed after a single oral
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
2008 Tissue depletion of amoxicillin and its major metabolites in pigs: influence of the administration route and the simultaneous dosage of clavulanic acid.
37  periodic ophthalmia
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Etiology and occurrence of periodic eye inflammation of horses in the area of Berlin].
38  peroral administered
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
PPARgamma (1 time)
2014 Anti-pruritic activity of pioglitazone on serotonin-induced scratching in mice: possible involvement of PPAR-gamma receptor and nitric oxide.
39  peroral administration
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2011 N-Alkenyl and cycloalkyl carbamates as dual acting histamine H3 and H4 receptor ligands.
40  peroral injection
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2003 Suppression by gabapentin of pain-related mechano-responses in mice given orthotopic tumor inoculation.
41  pharmacokinetic study with either oral
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
7-MEOTA (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1991 Pharmacokinetics and tolerance of 7-methoxytacrine following the single dose administration in healthy volunteers.
42  pharmacokinetic values for free HePC
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
HePC (1 time)
SUVs (1 time)
1994 Pharmacokinetic behavior and antineoplastic activity of liposomal hexadecylphosphocholine.
43  pharmacokinetics following oral
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Few Drugs Display Flip-Flop Pharmacokinetics and These Are Primarily Associated with Classes 3 and 4 of the BDDCS.
44  pharmacological efficacy of orally
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1993 Disposition, bioavailability and clinical efficacy of orally administered acepromazine in the horse.
45  phenytoin was administered to rats
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Immunological studies on delayed hypersensitivity to phenytoin--II. The delayed skin reaction induced by BSA-phenytoin conjugate.
46  pigs after oral
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IM (1 time)
2002 Distribution of enrofloxacin in intestinal tissue and contents of healthy pigs after oral and intramuscular administrations.
47  pilocarpine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Prophylactic effects of pilocarpine hydrochloride on xerostomia models induced by X-ray irradiation in rats.
48  pioglitazone hydrochloride
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
CPT I (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
2015 L-Carnitine Ameliorates Cancer Cachexia in Mice Partly via the Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase-Associated PPAR-gamma Signaling Pathway.
49  Piroximone was administered orally
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1995 Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of the cardiotonic agent piroximone and of its major metabolite in dog.
50  placebo by mouth
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1995 Ondansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients.
51  placebo oral
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1996 A multicentre, double-blind study comparing placebo, ondansetron and ondansetron plus dexamethasone for the control of cisplatin-induced delayed emesis. Ondansetron Delayed Emesis Study Group.
52  plug-positive female mice were treated
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
MMC (1 time)
1995 Effects of maternal stress on methylmercury-induced developmental toxicity in mice.
53  plus LND orally
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
LND (1 time)
2001 Paclitaxel, cisplatin and lonidamine in advanced ovarian cancer. A phase II study.
54  poisoning
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
alpha-KG (1 time)
SN (1 time)
STS (1 time)
2002 Promising role of alpha-ketoglutarate in protecting against the lethal effects of cyanide.
55  poisoning by the oral
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
alpha-KG (1 time)
2001 Acute toxicity studies of alpha-ketoglutarate: a promising antidote for cyanide poisoning.
56  poor bioavailability following oral
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
i.p (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
MLA (1 time)
1995 A sensitive technique for the detection of the alpha 7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, methyllycaconitine, in rat plasma and brain.
57  position, transient decreased body weight
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1994 [Single dose toxicity studies of lactitol (NS-4) in mice and rats].
58  post onset
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AHC (1 time)
CA24v (1 time)
EV70 (1 time)
1995 Analysis of neutralizing antibodies to Enterovirus 70 and Coxsackievirus A24 variant, levels of immunoglobulins and total protein in tears of patients with acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis.
59  post-dosing
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 K-ATP opener-mediated attenuation of spontaneous bladder contractions in ligature-intact, partial bladder outlet obstructed rats.
60  post-onset of illness
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
3-HADH (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2018 Leptospiral 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase as an early urinary biomarker of leptospirosis.
61  post-oviposition
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
RER (1 time)
2003 Embryonic integument and "molts" in Manduca sexta (Insecta, Lepidoptera).
62  potency of S-145
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
1989 [Effect of a new thromboxane A2 antagonist, S-145, on platelet aggregation].
63  potent after oral
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
i.d (1 time)
i.g (1 time)
1984 MDL-646, a new synthetic E1-prostaglandin with local protective effects on the gastric mucosa.
64  potent than that of FP
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
1989 [Pharmacological studies of a non-steroidal analgesic and antipyretic drug of LFP83].
65  PPI-2458, when administered orally
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GI50 (1 time)
MetAP2 (1 time)
TRP (1 time)
2006 Inhibition of melanoma tumor growth by a pharmacological inhibitor of MetAP-2, PPI-2458.
66  Pre-treatment of peroral
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
alpha-KG (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2002 In vitro and in vivo attenuation of experimental cyanide poisoning by alpha-ketoglutarate.
67  predicting oral
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
IVIVE (1 time)
2011 PhRMA CPCDC initiative on predictive models of human pharmacokinetics, part 3: comparative assessement of prediction methods of human clearance.
68  preference for oral
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2004 Patient preference for route of pain medication delivery.
69  pregnant rats received daily administrations
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Prenatal effects of alcohol on adult learning in rats.
70  present study, we orally
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NGIN (1 time)
2018 Neuroprotective effect of Citrus kawachiensis (Kawachi Bankan) peels, a rich source of naringin, against global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice.
71  pressor response by AB-47
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AI (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1990 Pharmacological properties of the new non-sulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor N-[8-amino-1(S)-carboxyoctyl]-L-alanyl-L-proline.
72  pretreated orally
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Involvement of nitric oxide in the gastroprotective effects of an aqueous extract of Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng) Pedersen, Amaranthaceae, in rats.
73  Pretreatment with crocin
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2009 Preventive effect of crocin in inflamed animals and in LPS-challenged RAW 264.7 cells.
74  prior to KCN
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
alpha-KG (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2002 In vitro and in vivo attenuation of experimental cyanide poisoning by alpha-ketoglutarate.
75  propafenone orally
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CYP2D6 (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1999 Consequences of rifampicin treatment on propafenone disposition in extensive and poor metabolizers of CYP2D6.
76  properties of oral
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
BA (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
1996 Comparative bioavailability of oral, rectal, and intramuscular artemether in healthy subjects: use of simultaneous measurement by high performance liquid chromatography and bioassay.
77  Prophylactic treatment
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
NTA (1 time)
1989 Anti-inflammatory and immuno-modulatory effects of novel retinoid-like 2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoic acids (NTA) in adjuvant-induced arthritis.
78  propoxur
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ChE (1 time)
FEPs (1 time)
PhAD (1 time)
2008 Depression of the photic after discharge of flash evoked potentials by physostigmine, carbaryl and propoxur, and the relationship to inhibition of brain cholinesterase.
79  protective activity of LM-209
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CPM (1 time)
1981 [Pharmacological study of mequitazine (LM-209) (I). Antagonistic actions of chemical mediators (author's transl)].
80  protocatechuic acid
(1 time)
--- 2018 The possible mechanisms of protocatechuic acid-induced central analgesia.
81  purified conjugates were given orally
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Av (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
HEL (1 time)
1995 Intestinal immunization of mice with antigen conjugated to anti-MHC class II antibodies.
82  pylorus-ligature model, aparisthman
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DHC (1 time)
2001 Gastroprotective effect of aparisthman, a diterpene isolated from Aparisthmium cordatum, on experimental gastric ulcer models in rats and mice.
83  pylorus-ligature, AD
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
l-NAME (1 time)
NEM (1 time)
2006 Can the aqueous decoction of mango flowers be used as an antiulcer agent?
84  pyrrolidine nootropics
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2002 Nonopioid and neuropathy-specific analgesic action of the nootropic drug nefiracetam in mice.
85  Pyrroxyphene was administered
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
cPLA2alpha (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2010 Cytosolic phospholipase A2 alpha inhibitor, pyrroxyphene, displays anti-arthritic and anti-bone destructive action in a murine arthritis model.