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Abbreviation: pre
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Long forms: 373

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
precursor
(40 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
miRNAs (8 times)
pri (4 times)
DC (3 times)
1989 The effect of the scid mutation on mechanism and control of immunoglobulin heavy and light chain gene rearrangement.
pancreatic
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CCK (2 times)
BBS (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
1990 Role of cholecystokinin in the development of BOP-induced pancreatic lesions in hamsters.
period
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
24HR (1 time)
7DDR (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1995 Social desirability bias in dietary self-report may compromise the validity of dietary intake measures.
prior to exercise
(5 times)
Science
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
BV (1 time)
1997 The influence of blood volume changes on leucocyte and lymphocyte subpopulations in elite swimmers following interval training of varying intensities.
papillomavirus-associated
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
HPV (4 times)
GM-CSF (2 times)
DC (1 time)
1999 Colonization of in vitro-formed cervical human papillomavirus- associated (pre)neoplastic lesions with dendritic cells: role of granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor.
prior to the intervention
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
fAVP (1 time)
FU (1 time)
HFASD (1 time)
2012 Experimental pain ratings and reactivity of cortisol and soluble tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptor II following a trial of hypnosis: results of a randomized controlled pilot study.
performed immediately before
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
SSC (2 times)
MVC (1 time)
1981 Human exposure to ferric sulfate aerosol: effects on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms.
parameter q
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
d,p (1 time)
int (1 time)
2009 Design and QSAR study of analogs of gamma-tocotrienol with enhanced antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer cells.
performance were evaluated before
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
1RM (1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2012 Intermittent normobaric hypoxic exposures at rest: effects on performance in normoxia and hypoxia.
10  performed at baseline
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
Cr (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2008 Does creatine supplementation improve the plasma lipid profile in healthy male subjects undergoing aerobic training?
11  perivascular
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPP4 (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
PVAT (1 time)
2016 Impact of fibroblast growth factor 21 on the secretome of human perivascular preadipocytes and adipocytes: a targeted proteomics approach.
12  permanent
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1991 [Approximal caries in children].
13  players before
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
KE (1 time)
PF (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2014 Neuromuscular adjustments of the knee extensors and plantar flexors following match-play tennis in the heat.
14  potentially damaging non-therapeutic experiments on live human
(2 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 1997 Lockwood on human identity and the primitive streak.
15  pre-testing
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
post (1 time)
2011 Geriatric education for surgical residents: identifying a major need.
16  precontrast
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DP (1 time)
GAeMR (1 time)
1999 Pancreatic carcinoma versus chronic pancreatitis: dynamic MR imaging.
17  predictors of the decision to accept or decline any
(2 times)
Infection
(1 time)
--- 2011 Acceptance of a pandemic influenza vaccine: a systematic review of surveys of the general public.
18  preoperative
(2 times)
Phototherapy
(1 time)
POST (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2015 Comparative detection of aberrantly methylated DNA in preoperative and postoperative stool from patients with colorectal cancers.
19  presence of cervical
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Cytologically diagnosed Gardnerella vaginalis infection and cervical (pre)neoplasia as established in population-based cervical screening.
20  preterm
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CFQ (1 time)
Cre (1 time)
1990 Biochemical measurement in cord blood as an indicator of neonatal maturity.
21  progression of established
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Folic acid supplementation promotes mammary tumor progression in a rat model.
22  progression of lung
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Involvement of mutation-based inhibition of beta-catenin phosphorylation at Ser33 in the malignant progression of lung (pre)neoplastic lesions induced by N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine in male Fischer 344 rats.
23  promise in the treatment of various
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HNSCC (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2001 Enhanced turnover of all-trans-retinoic acid and increased formation of polar metabolites in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma lines compared with normal oral keratinocytes.
24  protocol before
(2 times)
Sports
(1 time)
PCr (1 time)
2000 Adaptations in skeletal muscle exercise metabolism to a sustained session of heavy intermittent exercise.
25  provide the rationale for further
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HDACi (1 time)
HMCLs (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2009 Histone deacetylase inhibitors cooperate with IFN-gamma to restore caspase-8 expression and overcome TRAIL resistance in cancers with silencing of caspase-8.
26  4D-PET/CT before
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
FAZA (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2017 Evolution of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and [18F]fluoroazomycin arabinoside PET uptake distributions in lung tumours during radiation therapy.
27  antigen-presenting cells in a
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
HD5 (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2014 Altered alpha-defensin 5 expression in cervical squamocolumnar junction: implication in the formation of a viral/tumour-permissive microenvironment.
28  EBC-pH and FeNO were assessed before
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Different Patterns in Changes of Exhaled Breath Condensate pH and Exhaled Nitric Oxide After Ozone Exposure.
29  false-positive biopsy interpretation and thereby significantly improve cervical
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2002 p16INK4a immunohistochemistry improves interobserver agreement in the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
30  Glu-Pt as a drug candidate for further
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GLUTs (1 time)
2015 Glucose conjugated platinum(II) complex: antitumor superiority to oxaliplatin, combination effect and mechanism of action.
31  GST-pi has been known to be markedly increased in human
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Expression of glutathione S-transferase-pi in malignant skin tumors.
32  HIV-positive MSM have a high risk for HPV-induced condylomata
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AIN/PIN (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
HRA (1 time)
2016 The male ScreenING Study: prevalence of HPV-related genital and anal lesions in an urban cohort of HIV-positive men in Germany.
33  homeostasis-preserving response; others view CH as adaptive or
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
LNT (1 time)
2016 Temporal stability of chemical hormesis (CH): Is CH just a temporary stop on the road to thresholds and toxic responses?
34  HPV-positive cervical samples for the detection of cervical
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HR-HPV (1 time)
2018 The clinical significance of FAM19A4 methylation in high-risk HPV-positive cervical samples for the detection of cervical (pre)cancer in Chinese women.
35  HPV-positive vulvar
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
VC (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2017 Genomic Characterization of Vulvar (Pre)cancers Identifies Distinct Molecular Subtypes with Prognostic Significance.
36  HPV-positive women for detection of cervical
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Management of high-risk HPV-positive women for detection of cervical (pre)cancer.
37  HPV-positive women is necessary to identify those with cervical
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Management of high-risk HPV-positive women for detection of cervical (pre)cancer.
38  HPV-positive women to identify those with cervical
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Validation of the FAM19A4/mir124-2 DNA methylation test for both lavage- and brush-based self-samples to detect cervical (pre)cancer in HPV-positive women.
39  low-protein (P) diet or standard chow (C) during
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Perinatal free-choice of a high-calorie low-protein diet affects leptin signaling through IRS1 and AMPK dephosphorylation in the hypothalami of female rat offspring in adulthood.
40  membrane-permeant acetoxymethyl (AM) indicators and dextran-conjugated indicators for measuring Ca
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2004 Presynaptic calcium measurements at physiological temperatures using a new class of dextran-conjugated indicators.
41  P-SAECG was recorded before
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
FPD (1 time)
2007 Prediction of the efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation by the signal-averaged P-wave duration.
42  p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology for detecting cervical
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2016 p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology for detecting cervical (pre)cancer in a HPV-positive gynecologic outpatient population.
43  paediatric
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Prevalence of Hypertension in Nigerian Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Trend Analysis of Data from the Past Four Decades.
44  pain of electrically induced muscle cramps before
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CTF (1 time)
2017 Effects of TRPV1 and TRPA1 activators on the cramp threshold frequency: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial.
45  pancreas or
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BBS (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
SST (1 time)
1996 Expression of receptors for gut peptides in pancreata of BOP-treated and control hamsters.
46  papillomavirus infections and associated
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2003 High intraepithelial expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the transformation zone of the uterine cervix.
47  papillomavirus-related
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
RTRs (1 time)
2011 (Pre)malignancies of the female anogenital tract in renal transplant recipients.
48  paracrine effects on non-adipose-lineage cells or by a
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CCR2 (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
SGBS (1 time)
2013 Absence of CC chemokine receptors 2a and 2b from human adipose lineage cells.
49  paradigm, because of its failure to adequately explain many
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
Th (1 time)
Treg (1 time)
2005 Regulatory T-lymphocytes in asthma.
50  parallel
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Induction and improved embryonic development by the nucleus of Pander in associated avian blastoderm parts: influence of delta or gamma ooplasm.
51  parallel fibers and are therefore well suited to measuring Ca
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2004 Presynaptic calcium measurements at physiological temperatures using a new class of dextran-conjugated indicators.
52  parallel, we observed that
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
pDCs (1 time)
2015 HMGB1 secretion during cervical carcinogenesis promotes the acquisition of a tolerogenic functionality by plasmacytoid dendritic cells.
53  parameters were recorded before
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBW (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2005 Effect of oral sodium bicarbonate supplementation on interdialytic weight gain, plasma sodium concentrations and predialysis blood pressure in hemodialysis patients.
54  parenchyma was assessed before
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CCDS (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2018 Proof of principle: Estimation of liver function using color coded Doppler sonography of the portal vein.
55  parent-adolescent relationships in the risk of developing
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2019 The Role of Parent-Adolescent Relationships in the Development of (Pre)Hypertension in Young Adulthood in the U.S.
56  Parkinson's, Lewy body, Hallervorden-Spatz, Alzheimer's and Korsakoff's disease
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1981 The human locus coeruleus in neurology and psychiatry. (Parkinson's, Lewy body, Hallervorden-Spatz, Alzheimer's and Korsakoff's disease, (pre)senile dementia, schizophrenia, affective disorders, psychosis).
57  participants before the session began
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Improving oral health in migrant and underserved populations: evaluation of an interactive, community-based oral health education program in Washington state.
58  particles--the structures packaging
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
W-SH (1 time)
1994 [Activity of W-sex heterochromatin and accumulation of the nuage in nurse cells of the lepidopteran Ephestia].
59  particular those at increased risk of cervical
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Offering Self-Sampling Kits for HPV Testing to Reach Women Who Do Not Attend in the Regular Cervical Cancer Screening Program.
60  particularly large for vocabulary in early
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
LI (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2017 Language Proficiency and Sustained Attention in Monolingual and Bilingual Children with and without Language Impairment.
61  particularly well-suited for superficial
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Me-ALA (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2011 Photodynamic therapy using topically applied hypericin: comparative effect with methyl-aminolevulinic acid on UV induced skin tumours.
62  particularly with duodenal ulcer and gastric
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1986 ABH secretion polymorphism in Icelanders, Aland Islanders, Finns, Finnish Lapps, Komi and Greenland Eskimos: a review and new data.
63  partly cover
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Analysis of multiple histamine H₄ receptor compound classes uncovers Galphai protein- and beta-arrestin2-biased ligands.
64  partners respond differently to mildly depressed versus nondepressed
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Gender-specific development of nonverbal behaviours and mild depression in adolescence.
65  passive ankle dorsiflexion using a dynamometer and ultrasonography before
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
2014 Acute effects of static stretching on muscle hardness of the medial gastrocnemius muscle belly in humans: an ultrasonic shear-wave elastography study.
66  past years, several
(1 time)
Cartilage
(1 time)
--- 2010 Diagnostic Modalities for Diseased Articular Cartilage-From Defect to Degeneration: A Review.
67  past, beyond this time-point, and included the transmission of a
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ICTV (1 time)
2014 Evolution of hantaviruses: co-speciation with reservoir hosts for more than 100 MYR.
68  PAT were scanned before
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2017 Successful group psychotherapy of depression in adolescents alters fronto-limbic resting-state connectivity.
69  paternal rough endosperm
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BETL (1 time)
mre (1 time)
rgh (1 time)
2016 Parent-of-Origin-Effect rough endosperm Mutants in Maize.
70  pathogenesis of cervical
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2017 Deciphering the Multifactorial Susceptibility of Mucosal Junction Cells to HPV Infection and Related Carcinogenesis.
71  pathogens or
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Extracellular flux analysis to monitor glycolytic rates and mitochondrial oxygen consumption.
72  pathway across all age ranges between
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
BDE (1 time)
M3G (1 time)
2013 Developmental changes in morphine clearance across the entire paediatric age range are best described by a bodyweight-dependent exponent model.
73  pathway-related compounds to determine and isolate a series of vital
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TAR (1 time)
2015 Critical Intermediates Reveal New Biosynthetic Events in the Enigmatic Colibactin Pathway.
74  pathways of the chicken apo very low density lipoprotein II
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Splicing pathways of the chicken apo very low density lipoprotein II (pre)messenger RNA.
75  patient cohort for second skin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2018 Favorable immune signature in CLL patients, defined by antigen-specific T-cell responses, might prevent second skin cancers.
76  patients at risk, development of new therapeutics, and help shorten
(1 time)
NASH (1 time)
2018 Uncovering a Predictive Molecular Signature for the Onset of NASH-Related Fibrosis in a Translational NASH Mouse Model.
77  patients experienced
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
HUT (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
2000 Can stroke volume and cardiac output be determined reliably in a tilt-table test using the pulse contour method?
78  patients of different degree before
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
1996 A study of free radicals and scavenging enzyme in tonsillitis.
79  Patients were scanned before
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BTX (1 time)
2005 "Silent event-related" fMRI reveals reduced sensorimotor activation in laryngeal dystonia.
80  patients with aortic stenosis before
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Left ventricular systolic series elastic properties in aortic stenosis before and after valve replacement.
81  patients with cervical
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL-4 (1 time)
1998 In vitro propagated dendritic cells from patients with human-papilloma virus-associated preneoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix: use of Flt3 ligand.
82  patients with confirmed
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Preoperative characteristics of patients with presumed pancreatic cancer but ultimately benign disease: a multicenter series of 344 pancreatoduodenectomies.
83  patients with reduced
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
HMPAO (1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
1996 Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime single-photon emission tomography of regional cerebral blood flow in insulin-dependent diabetes.
84  patients with refractory ulcerative colitis and/or associated
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IAPA (1 time)
2017 [How does the ileoanal pouch keep its promises? : Functioning of the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy].
85  patients with squamous cell carcinoma, but fails to detect
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2003 Incidence and survival rate of women with cervical cancer in the Greater Amsterdam area.
86  patients with thyroid cancer or undetected
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
IG (1 time)
PKB (1 time)
2019 Effect of insulin on thyroid cell proliferation, tumor cell migration, and potentially related mechanisms.
87  Patients without obvious structural or
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Clinical trial of the uterine thermal balloon for treatment of menorrhagia.
88  patterns that influence
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Lesions of the dorsal striatum impair orienting behaviour of salamanders without affecting visual processing in the tectum.
89  peace of mind and enhanced anxiety, respectively, before
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
STAI (2 times)
AS (1 time)
GDS (1 time)
2019 Improving Anxiety in Subacute Myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) after an Automated Telephone Call Service.
90  peak VO2, and the 6-minute walk test were measured before
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Benefit of selective respiratory muscle training on exercise capacity in patients with chronic congestive heart failure.
91  pelvic ultrasound and endometrial biopsie showing no structural or
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Thermal balloon endometrial ablation for dysfunctional uterine bleeding: technical aspects and results. A prospective cohort study of 152 cases].
92  penile bulb, than did either the CTV
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTV (1 time)
PTV (1 time)
2006 Postprostatectomy target-normal structure overlap volume differences using computed tomography and radioimmunoscintigraphy images for radiotherapy treatment planning.
93  peptide were measured before
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
GLUT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2013 Chronic therapy with a partial adenosine A1-receptor agonist improves left ventricular function and remodeling in dogs with advanced heart failure.
94  peptides like neurotensin, bombesin/GRP, and VIP are under
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CCK-B (1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
2002 Cholecystokinin-B (CCK-B)/gastrin receptor targeting peptides for staging and therapy of medullary thyroid cancer and other CCK-B receptor expressing malignancies.
95  per-patient healthcare activities and corresponding costs before
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
UMCU (1 time)
2018 Whole-exome sequencing in intellectual disability; cost before and after a diagnosis.
96  percent of the patients had had a metachronous
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1989 Colorectal adenomas: clinical and morphological aspects. A review of 166 polyps from 124 Dutch patients.
97  percent of the patients with symptomatic cysts had a
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 Evaluation of a selective management strategy of patients with primary cystic neoplasms of the pancreas.
98  perceptual
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
NH (1 time)
1998 Locomoting through apertures of different width: a study of children with cerebral palsy.
99  perform extra
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Haemorrhage control in pelvic fractures--a survey of surgical capabilities.
100  performance and improve function and frailty in elder
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EX (1 time)
2019 Effect of a short multicomponent exercise intervention focused on muscle power in frail and pre frail elderly: A pilot trial.