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Abbreviation: ACh
Appearance Frequency: 12335 time(s)
Long forms: 188

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acetylcholine
(12043 times)
Pharmacology
(2807 times)
NO (888 times)
AChE (700 times)
SNP (675 times)
1957 Inhibition by morphine of the release of acetylcholine from the intestine of the guinea-pig.
acetylcholine chloride
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SNP (8 times)
NO (5 times)
AChE (4 times)
1957 Pharmacological actions of pure muscarine chloride.
airway hyperresponsiveness to acetylcholine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BALF (2 times)
PAF (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1989 Autosomal recessive inheritance of airway hyperreactivity to 5-hydroxytryptamine.
acinar cells with acetylcholine
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CCK (3 times)
cADP-ribose (2 times)
4-BPB (1 time)
1989 Indirect evidence for the presence of non-specific anion channels in rabbit mandibular salivary gland acinar cells.
acetylcholine level
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AChE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BACE1 (1 time)
1958 The measurement of changes in acetylcholine level (ACh) in rat brain following ammonium ion intoxication and its possible bearing on the problem of hepatic coma.
acetylcholine inhibited I
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Effects of ginsenosides, active components of ginseng, on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
acetylcholinergic
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
DA (3 times)
CNS (1 time)
TD (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological characterization of tardive dyskinesia.
AChE activity and acetylcholine
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AChE (3 times)
BChE (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2007 Developmental lead neurotoxicity: alterations in brain cholinergic system.
AChE and acetylcholine
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AChE (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1989 Galanthamine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor: a time course of the effects on performance and neurochemical parameters in mice.
10  artery contraction mediated by acetylcholine
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DRC (3 times)
DA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2014 Vascular function in arteries of intertidal fish Girella laevifrons (Kyphosidae).
11  microM-acetylcholine
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Ca (1 time)
EIPA (1 time)
NMDG (1 time)
1983 A cholinergic chloride conductance in neurones of Helix aspersa.
12  acetylcholine concentration
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AF (1 time)
SSN (1 time)
2011 Impact of tissue geometry on simulated cholinergic atrial fibrillation: a modeling study.
13  ACh inhibited I
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of bovine serum albumin on ginsenoside metabolite-induced inhibition of alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
14  ACh on IK
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
GTP (1 time)
INSC (1 time)
1991 Muscarinic agonist-induced actions on potassium and calcium channels in atrial myocytes: differential desensitization.
15  acinar cells stimulated by acetylcholine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fura-2 (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1988 Oscillations of cytosolic calcium in single pancreatic acinar cells stimulated by acetylcholine.
16  activated cortical acetylcholine
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
BZR (1 time)
CDP (1 time)
1995 Dissociation between the attentional effects of infusions of a benzodiazepine receptor agonist and an inverse agonist into the basal forebrain.
17  agent-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IMA (3 times)
EDHF (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
2005 Using physical chemistry to differentiate nicotinic from cholinergic agonists at the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
18  agonists, carbachol, acetylcholine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EDHF (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1985 Muscarinic receptor agonist-antagonist interaction in the rat rectum: are there ways of activating the same receptors?
19  alpha9-containing nicotinic acetylcholine
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
alpha-BgTx (1 time)
EVS (1 time)
nAChRs (1 time)
2006 Fast cholinergic efferent inhibition in guinea pig outer hair cells.
20  also challenged with acetylcholine
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
GPSA (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
1994 Assessment of respiratory hypersensitivity in guinea-pigs sensitized to diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI) and challenged with MDI, acetylcholine or MDI-albumin conjugate.
21  also increased the rate of GTP gamma S-mediated IK
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GTP gamma S (2 times)
mAChR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
22  anti-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MG (2 times)
1979 Neonatal myasthenia gravis in the infant of a myasthenic mother in remission.
23  augmented contractile response to acetylcholine
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BSMs (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2001 Possible involvement of G(i3) protein in augmented contraction of bronchial smooth muscle from antigen-induced airway hyperresponsive rats.
24  CCh-activated IK
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
PDE (1 time)
sAPs (1 time)
1993 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by a serum factor.
25  cell-attached patches, IK
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Acetylcholine-sensitive muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian ventricular myocytes.
26  channel, and inhibits the I
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2001 Rapid nongenomic effect of corticosterone on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in PC12 cells.
27  dopamine-acetylcholine
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DA (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2006 Functional recovery of the striatal cholinergic system in aged rats by adenoviral vector-mediated gene transfer of dopamine D2 receptor.
28  10(-5)M-acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PDE (1 time)
1985 Dependence on Ca2+ of the activities of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate phosphatase in smooth muscles of the porcine coronary artery.
29  3-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-aminobutyrate ((+/-)baclofen) on the K-induced release of ((3)H)acetylcholine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Type A and B gaba receptors mediate inhibition of acetylcholine release from cholinergic nerve terminals in the superior cervical ganglion of rat.
30  AA decreased mAChR-stimulated IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
31  abrogates endothelial function after I/R, we assessed endothelial-dependent
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2006 TNF-alpha contributes to endothelial dysfunction in ischemia/reperfusion injury.
32  abundant cholinergic innervation and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2005 Forebrain acetylcholine regulates adult hippocampal neurogenesis and learning.
33  Accordingly, additive inhibitory effects on I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
QChEIs (1 time)
2007 Diverse inhibitory actions of quaternary ammonium cholinesterase inhibitors on Torpedo nicotinic ACh receptors transplanted to Xenopus oocytes.
34  account circadian rhythmicity and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2008 Importance of circadian rhythmicity in the cholinergic treatment of Alzheimer's disease: focus on galantamine*.
35  account for the steady-state relationship between K
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cellular modelling: experiments and simulation to develop a physiological model of G-protein control of muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian atrial cells.
36  acetylcholine (10(-4)M)
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
1979 Mechanism of PGE inhibition of catecholamine release from adrenal medulla.
37  acetylcholine content
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GSPE (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AOEs (1 time)
2006 Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) and antioxidant defense in the brain of adult rats.
38  acetylcholine equilibrium potential, E
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Na (1 time)
2011 Changes in cationic selectivity of the nicotinic channel at the rat ganglionic synapse: a role for chloride ions?
39  Acetylcholine evoked a K(+) current, I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GIRK (1 time)
m2R (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2000 Coupling of the muscarinic m2 receptor to G protein-activated K(+) channels via Galpha(z) and a receptor-Galpha(z) fusion protein. Fusion between the receptor and Galpha(z) eliminates catalytic (collision) coupling.
40  acetylcholine in the pipette, K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cytoplasmic unsaturated free fatty acids inhibit ATP-dependent gating of the G protein-gated K(+) channel.
41  acetylcholine infusion test
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
MCR (1 time)
VSA (1 time)
1992 Coronary artery vasoreactivity to intracoronary acetylcholine infusion test in patients with chest pain syndrome.
42  acetylcholine iontophoresis
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
APU (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Laser Doppler assessment of dermal circulatory changes in people with coronary artery disease.
43  Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1997 Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK(ACh) via different pathways in rabbit sino-atrial node cells.
44  acetylcholine muscarinic
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BDZ (1 time)
1986 Circadian rhythms in neurotransmitter receptors in discrete rat brain regions.
45  acetylcholine neurotransmitter
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2015 Designing Second Generation Anti-Alzheimer Compounds as Inhibitors of Human Acetylcholinesterase: Computational Screening of Synthetic Molecules and Dietary Phytochemicals.
46  acetylcholine on IK
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
1996 Endothelin-1 mediated inhibition of the acetylcholine-activated potassium current from rabbit isolated atrial cardiomyocytes.
47  acetylcholine receptor ligands, we showed that I
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cholinergic currents in leg motoneurons of Carausius morosus.
48  Acetylcholine release
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
4-VO (1 time)
Angelica root (1 time)
dUTP (1 time)
2018 The Japanese Angelica acutiloba root and yokukansan increase hippocampal acetylcholine level, prevent apoptosis and improve memory in a rat model of repeated cerebral ischemia.
49  acetylcholine synthesis
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
C-CTF (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
1987 Distinct influences of nerve growth factor and a central cholinergic trophic factor on medial septal explants.
50  acetylcholine-activated K+ current, IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
NEM (1 time)
1990 N-ethylmaleimide uncouples muscarinic receptors from acetylcholine-sensitive potassium channels in bullfrog atrium.
51  acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Luminescent silica nanoparticles for sensing acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylcholine.
52  ACh (10(-5) M) did not increase IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1990 Mechanism of acetylcholine-induced inhibition of Ca current in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
53  ACh activate similar Gi/o-coupled effector systems. IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
54  ACh can shorten the action potential by activating IK
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1997 Activation of inwardly rectifying potassium channels by muscarinic receptor-linked G protein in isolated human ventricular myocytes.
55  ACh directly activates the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Acetylcholine-sensitive muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian ventricular myocytes.
56  ACh even though the block of the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Differential effects of pertussis toxin on the muscarinic regulation of Ca2+ and K+ currents in frog cardiac myocytes.
57  ACh for the activation of steady-state IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 In vivo downregulation of M2 receptors revealed by measurement of muscarinic K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
58  ACh increased the variance of IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1997 Acetylcholine modulates I(f) and IK(ACh) via different pathways in rabbit sino-atrial node cells.
59  ACh metabolism, including total acetylcholine
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
PhCh (1 time)
1987 Aging of cholinergic synapses in the avian iris. Part I--Biochemical studies.
60  ACh resulted in a partial relaxation of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1996 Downregulation of muscarinic M2 receptors linked to K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
61  ACh still elicited I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of bovine serum albumin on ginsenoside metabolite-induced inhibition of alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
62  ACh via the K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Accentuated antagonism in vagal heart rate control mediated through muscarinic potassium channels.
63  ACh was included in the pipette solution, IK
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Gi (1 time)
HF (1 time)
IKI (1 time)
1994 Alterations in muscarinic K+ channel response to acetylcholine and to G protein-mediated activation in atrial myocytes isolated from failing human hearts.
64  ACh when the I
(1 time)
Receptors, Purinergic
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
P2XR (1 time)
2006 Excitatory effect of ATP on rat area postrema neurons.
65  ACh with no reduction in maximum IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CCh (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1996 Downregulation of muscarinic M2 receptors linked to K+ current in cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
66  ACh, all of them decreased I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
QChEIs (1 time)
2007 Diverse inhibitory actions of quaternary ammonium cholinesterase inhibitors on Torpedo nicotinic ACh receptors transplanted to Xenopus oocytes.
67  ACh-activated peak IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
1993 Leukotriene C4 modulation of muscarinic K+ current activation in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
68  ACh-augmented rate of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
69  ACh-contracture and log
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
SOL (1 time)
1985 Acetylcholine-sensitivity in fast and slow twitch muscle of normal and dystrophic (C57 BL/6J dy2J/dy2J) mice.
70  ACh-dependent IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
1993 Leukotriene C4 modulation of muscarinic K+ current activation in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
71  ACh-enhanced rate of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
72  ACh-evoked In
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
OHCs (1 time)
2000 Gentamicin blocks ACh-evoked K+ current in guinea-pig outer hair cells by impairing Ca2+ entry at the cholinergic receptor.
73  ACh-induced activation of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1990 Mechanism of acetylcholine-induced inhibition of Ca current in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
74  ACh-induced IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
Ibu (1 time)
2004 [Perspectives and limitations in the treatment of vagus-induced atrial fibrillation. Insights from cellular pharmacology].
75  ACh-mediated system consisting of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AChR (1 time)
2008 Subcellular localization of overexpressed maize AChE gene in rice plant.
76  ACh. The effects of both ligands on IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
77  AChE activity and increased acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BuChE (1 time)
2017 DL0410 Ameliorates Memory and Cognitive Impairments Induced by Scopolamine via Increasing Cholinergic Neurotransmission in Mice.
78  AChE and nAChR to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
1995 Schistosoma: rate of glucose import is altered by acetylcholine interaction with tegumental acetylcholine receptors and acetylcholinesterase.
79  AChE elevated the acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1994 Expression of the acetylcholinesterase gene during development of drosophila embryos.
80  AChE hydrolyzes acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
Ch (1 time)
2016 Choline-induced selective fluorescence quenching of acetylcholinesterase conjugated Au@BSA clusters.
81  AChE inhibition builds sufficient acetylcholine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
nAChRs (1 time)
2013 Acetylcholinesterase inhibition reveals endogenous nicotinic modulation of glutamate inputs to CA1 stratum radiatum interneurons in hippocampal slices.
82  AChE modulators acetylcholine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2016 Erythrocyte nitric oxide in glaucoma patients - ex vivo study.
83  AChE substrate, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 Timolol effects on erythrocyte deformability and nitric oxide metabolism.
84  AChE with its substrate acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1996 Modification of acetylcholinesterase during adaptation to chronic, subacute paraoxon application in rat.
85  AChE-S, incapable of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
DG (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2008 Transgenic inactivation of acetylcholinesterase impairs homeostasis in mouse hippocampal granule cells.
86  achieved by either acetylcholine
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
8-Br cGMP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2001 Distribution of nitric oxide synthase and secretory role of exogenous nitric oxide in the isolated rat pancreas.
87  Achondroplasia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SSER (1 time)
1997 Early detection of neurological manifestations in achondroplasia.
88  acids comprising the orthosteric acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
mAChRs (1 time)
PAMs (1 time)
2010 Allosteric activators of muscarinic receptors as novel approaches for treatment of CNS disorders.
89  actin-enriched high-density fractions with acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MO (1 time)
2018 Dietary fats modify vascular fat composition, eNOS localization within lipid rafts and vascular function in obesity.
90  action potential with increasing
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1990 A model of the muscarinic receptor-induced changes in K(+)-current and action potentials in the bullfrog atrial cell.
91  actions of hexamethonium, atropine, and 5-HT on I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
2001 5-Hydroxytryptamine and atropine inhibit nicotinic receptors in submucosal neurons.
92  activate the inwardly rectifying potassium current IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 Differential effects of pertussis toxin on the muscarinic regulation of Ca2+ and K+ currents in frog cardiac myocytes.
93  activate the K
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1994 G-protein control of cardiac potassium channels.
94  activated by GTP gamma S, which evokes IK
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MEG (1 time)
1998 Cocaine blockade of the acetylcholine-activated muscarinic K+ channel in ferret cardiac myocytes.
95  activated by Sph-1-P amounted to about 90% of the IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Sph-1-P (1 time)
1995 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by sphingosine-1-phosphate.
96  activating factor, like the classical agonists, causes opening of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by a serum factor.
97  activation depends critically on cholinergic
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
1998 Involvement of direct and indirect pathways in electrocorticographic activation.
98  activation of the K+
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Mechanism of fluoride activation of G protein-gated muscarinic atrial K+ channels.
99  activator produced inhibition of I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Decrease in acetylcholine-induced current by neomycin in PC12 cells.
100  activity located in the networks of cholinergic
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2009 A model for altered neural network dynamics related to prehension movements in Parkinson disease.
101  activity when tested against 5-HT
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1980 [Studies of the effect of 2,3-dioxoindolin (isatin) in comparison with serotonin on the isolated guinea pig ileum].
102  actually causing the dilation is EDRF
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ODN (1 time)
THBP (1 time)
1996 Antisense evidence for two functionally active forms of nitric oxide synthase in brain microvascular endothelium.
103  addition, hypercholesterolemia significantly increased Acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2017 Expression and alteration of BKCa channels in the sphincter of Oddi's from rabbits with hypercholesterolemia.
104  adenylate cyclase activator on acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LTD4 (1 time)
1984 Bronchodilating activity of forskolin in vitro and in vivo.
105  administered catecholamines and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CVV (1 time)
1983 Effect of topically administered epinephrine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine on cerebrocortical circulation and the NAD/NADH redox state.
106  administrated histamine on acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
HR (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2015 Centrally injected histamine increases posterior hypothalamic acetylcholine release in hemorrhage-hypotensive rats.
107  adopted.RESULTS:Acetylcholine
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
1998 Effect of devazepide reversed antagonism of CCK-8 against morphine on electrical and mechanical activities of rat duodenum in vitro.
108  adrenomedullary chromaffin cells to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
STZ (1 time)
1994 Decreased adrenal medullary catecholamine release in spontaneously diabetic BB-Wistar rats. Role of hypoglycemia.
109  adult cochlea use acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
1994 Choline-acetyltransferase-like immunoreactivity in the organ of Corti of the rat during postnatal development.
110  affect concentrations of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CFP (1 time)
ChO (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1993 Effects of choline-free plasma induced by choline oxidase on regional levels of choline and acetylcholine in rat brain.
111  affect the I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Rapid nongenomic effect of corticosterone on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in PC12 cells.
112  affect the inhibition of I
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Blockade by agmatine of catecholamine release from chromaffin cells is unrelated to imidazoline receptors.
113  affected neither IK
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DNP (1 time)
2004 Inhibition of G protein-coupled and ATP-sensitive potassium currents by 2-methyl-3-(3,5-diiodo-4-carboxymethoxybenzyl)benzofuran (KB130015), an amiodarone derivative.
114  affects the HR control via the K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Accentuated antagonism in vagal heart rate control mediated through muscarinic potassium channels.
115  afferents by vasoactive subcortical cholinergic
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NOS (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
RT-mPCR (1 time)
2004 Cortical GABA interneurons in neurovascular coupling: relays for subcortical vasoactive pathways.
116  affinity, cooperativity with acetylcholine
(1 time)
Nervous System
(1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
2019 6-Phenylpyrimidin-4-ones as Positive Allosteric Modulators at the M1 mAChR: The Determinants of Allosteric Activity.
117  after high K+ or acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Microanatomy of secretory granule release from guinea pig tracheal goblet cells.
118  agonist-independent currents had the same nature as agonist-dependent K+
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1991 The nature and origin of spontaneous noise in G protein-gated ion channels.
119  AHP currents by acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
STM (1 time)
WTA (1 time)
2012 Persistence and storage of activity patterns in spiking recurrent cortical networks: modulation of sigmoid signals by after-hyperpolarization currents and acetylcholine.
120  allosteric model with the idea that one K
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cellular modelling: experiments and simulation to develop a physiological model of G-protein control of muscarinic K+ channels in mammalian atrial cells.
121  almost completely diminished quercetin-mediated I
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
alpha7nAChR (1 time)
2010 Quercetin enhances human alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated ion current through interactions with Ca(2+) binding sites.
122  alpha-acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EOs (1 time)
MCK (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2006 Evidence of post-transcriptional regulation in the maintenance of a partial muscle phenotype by electrogenic cells of S. macrurus.
123  alpha-gamma are essential for generating synaptic responses at low pulse
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AChRs (1 time)
2013 Asymmetric transmitter binding sites of fetal muscle acetylcholine receptors shape their synaptic response.
124  alpha4beta2-containing (alpha4beta2*) nicotinic acetylcholine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADNFLE (1 time)
beta2 (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
2016 Mutation Linked to Autosomal Dominant Nocturnal Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Reduces Low-Sensitivity alpha4beta2, and Increases alpha5alpha4beta2, Nicotinic Receptor Surface Expression.
125  also correlated with acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ARE (1 time)
1994 Modification of the duration of action and pharmacodynamics of arecoline by tetraisopropylpyrophosphoramide.
126  also hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
Abeta25-35 (1 time)
AD (1 time)
BChE (1 time)
2016 Learning performances and vulnerability to amyloid toxicity in the butyrylcholinesterase knockout mouse.
127  also inhibited LPC-induced INSC, indicating that IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
128  also inhibited phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-induced changes in K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cytoplasmic unsaturated free fatty acids inhibit ATP-dependent gating of the G protein-gated K(+) channel.
129  alterations in cholinergic
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Sustained increase of alpha7 nicotinic receptors and choline-induced improvement of learning deficit in STOP knock-out mice.
130  Although hippocampal acetylcholine
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2009 Acetylcholine efflux from retrosplenial areas and hippocampal sectors during maze exploration.
131  Although the mechanism of LTC4-mediated modulation of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
mAChR (1 time)
1993 Leukotriene C4 modulation of muscarinic K+ current activation in bullfrog atrial myocytes.
132  amacrine cells which release acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Inhibition by nociceptin of the light-evoked release of ACh from retinal cholinergic neurones.
133  ameliorating the dysfunction in cholinergic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
1992 Effects of vinconate on spatial learning impairments induced by medial septal lesion in rats.
134  Amiodarone could inhibit the IK
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2015 Effect of small interference RNA on the acetylcholine-sensitive potassium channel in H9c2 cells.
135  ammonium cation acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Electrochemically triggered release of acetylcholine from scCO2 impregnated conductive polymer films evokes intracellular Ca2+ signaling in neurotypic SH-SY5Y cells.
136  Amorphous Chitin
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
2015 Injectable Amorphous Chitin-Agarose Composite Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications.
137  amplitude of currents evoked by either the agonist
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Mor (1 time)
2014 Intra-subunit flexibility underlies activation and allosteric modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
138  amyloidosis-related changes in acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
MnSOD (1 time)
2005 Selective cholinergic denervation, independent from oxidative stress, in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
139  anaesthetics modified cholinergic
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1986 Effects of local anaesthetics on responses of human saphenous vein and bovine coronary artery to neurotransmitters, acetylcholine, noradrenaline and 5-hydroxytryptamine.
140  anaesthetized hamsters, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Sympathetic nerves inhibit conducted vasodilatation along feed arteries during passive stretch of hamster skeletal muscle.
141  analogue cytisine, and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
1994 Nicotine and acetylcholine induce release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from rat trachea.
142  angina-like chest pain undergoing acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Acetylcholine-Provoked Coronary Spasm at Site of Significant Organic Stenosis Predicts Poor Prognosis in Patients With Coronary Vasospastic Angina.
143  angiographical characteristics of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Clinical and angiographical characteristics of acetylcholine- induced spasm: relationship to dose of intracoronary injection of acetylcholine.
144  angiography; (c) intracoronary acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2010 Diagnostic value of perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with angina pectoris but normal coronary angiograms assessed by intracoronary acetylcholine testing.
145  anomalous rectification should be a necessary condition of electrotropic vagal
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Effect of cesium ions on the electrotropic actions of acetylcholine in the rabbit atrium].
146  antagonize calcium-dependent acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Antagonism of calcium currents and neurotransmitter release by barium ions at frog motor nerve endings.
147  anti-cholinesterase, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Slow Ca2+ (RAMIC) mobilization operated by postsynaptic neuronal nicotinic receptor regulates synaptic function at the mouse neuromuscular junction].
148  any changes in the acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
MAP2 (1 time)
1995 Long-term spatial cognitive impairment after middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats: no involvement of the hippocampus.
149  aorta caused by acetylcholine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PGF2 alpha (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
1995 Decreased Ca2+ influx into the endothelium contributes to the decrease in endothelium-dependent relaxation in the aorta of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
150  Aortic endothelium-dependent relaxation dose responses
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2009 Cyclooxygenase and thromboxane/prostaglandin receptor contribute to aortic endothelium-dependent dysfunction in aging female spontaneously hypertensive rats.
151  APD induced by changing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
ATa (1 time)
2009 Estimating atrial action potential duration from electrograms.
152  APnA caused inhibition of agonist-evoked IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ADO (1 time)
DIPY (1 time)
1998 Non-receptor-mediated activation of IK(ATP) and inhibition of IK(ACh) by diadenosine polyphosphates in guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
153  approximately corresponded to the non-desensitizing fraction of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Activation of muscarinic K+ current in guinea-pig atrial myocytes by a serum factor.
154  Arachidonic acid (AA) modulated IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GTP gamma S (1 time)
INDO (1 time)
1990 Arachidonic acid metabolites alter G protein-mediated signal transduction in heart. Effects on muscarinic K+ channels.
155  Arterial hyperpolarization to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Ca (5 times)
EDHF (1 time)
2008 Modulation of endothelial cell KCa3.1 channels during endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor signaling in mesenteric resistance arteries.
156  arteries contracted with acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Hypoxic dilatation of porcine small coronary arteries: role of endothelium and KATP-channels.
157  arteries, however, relaxations to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
1995 Effects of pulmonary hypertension on vasoconstrictor responses to endothelin-1 and sarafotoxin S6C and on inherent tone in rat pulmonary arteries.
158  assess hippocampal acetylcholine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Hippocampal neurotransmitter efflux during one-trial novel object recognition in rats.
159  assess responses of K(+)-channel currents to cholinergic
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Regional differences in cholinergic regulation of potassium current in feline esophageal circular smooth muscle.
160  assess the role of the septo-hippocampal cholinergic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Intraseptal injection of scopolamine increases the effect of systemic diazepam on passive avoidance learning and emotionality in rats.
161  associated with a reversible shift of E
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Na (1 time)
2011 Changes in cationic selectivity of the nicotinic channel at the rat ganglionic synapse: a role for chloride ions?
162  asthma control: acetylcholine
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ICS (1 time)
2012 Markers for step-down of inhaled corticosteroid therapy in adult asthmatics.
163  ATP hydrolysis by acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
1980 [Causative factor of Ca2+ transport reduction by sarcoplasmic reticulum fragments under the action of acetylcholine].
164  ATP+ACh, decreased I
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Functional interactions between nicotinic and P2X receptors in celiac ganglia neurons.
165  atrial cells and hippocampal neurons, and of recombinant K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cytoplasmic unsaturated free fatty acids inhibit ATP-dependent gating of the G protein-gated K(+) channel.
166  atrial cells can abolish the GXP-induced IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Receptor-mediated deactivation of Gk in cardiac myocytes.
167  atrial cells. ACh activated IK
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INSC (1 time)
LPC (1 time)
2016 Differential effects of lysophosphatidylcholine and ACh on muscarinic K(+),non-selective cation and Ca(2+) currents in guinea-pig atrial cells.
168  atrial muscarinic K+ channel K+
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HRBC (1 time)
1990 Roles of G proteins in coupling of receptors to ionic channels and other effector systems.
169  atrial myocytes through inhibiting I(K)
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Benzodiazepines inhibit the acetylcholine receptor-operated potassium current (IK.ACh) by different mechanisms in guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
170  attenuates coronary dilation/relaxation to acetylcholine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Leptin resistance extends to the coronary vasculature in prediabetic dogs and provides a protective adaptation against endothelial dysfunction.
171  attenuation of ICa(L) but had no effect on IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ISO (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1995 A cellular mechanism for nitric oxide-mediated cholinergic control of mammalian heart rate.
172  augmented contraction to intravenous acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
1990 Epithelium-dependent contraction of airway smooth muscle caused by eosinophil MBP.
173  authors have determined the acetylcholine
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1976 [Acetylcholine in the bovine ciliary body and the cholinergic action of pilocarpine].
174  autoinhibitory control of endogenous acetylcholine
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1999 Evaluation of autoreceptor-mediated control of [(3)H]acetylcholine release in rat and human neocortex.
175  autoreceptor control of acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Factors influencing the low-frequency associated nicotinic ACh autoreceptor-mediated depression of ACh release from rat motor nerve terminals.
176  available hypnotics on acetylcholine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
UBSM (1 time)
2019 Assessment of Inhibitory Effects of Hypnotics on Acetylcholine-Induced Contractions in Isolated Rat Urinary Bladder Smooth Muscle.
177  avoidance conditioned response and acetylcholine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1991 A decrease in brain catecholamines prevents oxiracetam antagonism of the effects of scopolamine on memory and brain acetylcholine.
178  away extracellular calcium changed E
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
d.c (1 time)
1977 Pancreatic acinar cells: the acetylcholine equilibrium potential and its ionic dependency.
179  bath-applied carbachol or acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
EPCs (1 time)
MEPCs (1 time)
1997 Desensitization shortens the high-quantal-content endplate current time course in frog muscle with intact cholinesterase.
180  caused a change in E
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
d.c (1 time)
1977 Pancreatic acinar cells: the acetylcholine equilibrium potential and its ionic dependency.
181  cell-attached membrane patches activity of IK
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Membrane-delimited activation of muscarinic K current by an albumin-associated factor in guinea-pig atrial myocytes.
182  channels, at high
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Activation of the primary kinetic modes of large- and small-conductance cholinergic ion channels in Xenopus myocytes.
183  high-affinity choline uptake, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ALCAR (1 time)
2010 Acetyl-L-carnitine improves aged brain function.
184  lesion-associated hippocampal acetylcholine
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
2003 Nerve growth factor attenuates hippocampal cholinergic deficits and operant learning impairment in rats with entorhinal cortex lesions.
185  muscarinic-activated K+ channel K
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Effects of volatile anesthetics on the G protein-regulated muscarinic potassium channel.
186  performance-associated cortical acetylcholine
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
2009 A neurocognitive animal model dissociating between acute illness and remission periods of schizophrenia.
187  sodium-anesthetized closed-chest pigs, acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Pra (1 time)
1990 Measurement of mean circulatory filling pressure and vascular compliance in domestic pigs.
188  transmitter--acetylcholine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2008 [Vagal control of cardiac functions and vagal protection of ischemic myocardium].