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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : Glu

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Abbreviation: Glu
Appearance Frequency: 3086 time(s)
Long forms: 146

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glutamate
(2290 times)
Neurology
(818 times)
GABA (415 times)
Asp (337 times)
Gln (277 times)
1975 Gamma-aminobutric acid and glutamate decarboxylas (l-glutamate 1-carboxy-lyase e.c. 4.1.1.15) in the nervous system of the cockroach, periplaneta americana.i.regional distribution and properties of the enzyme.
glutamic acid
(468 times)
Chemistry
(75 times)
Asp (107 times)
GABA (88 times)
Gly (69 times)
1972 Cell wall composition and deoxyribonucleic acid similarities among the anaerobic coryneforms, classical propionibacteria, and strains of Arachnia propionica.
glutaraldehyde
(46 times)
Biotechnology
(9 times)
PVA (7 times)
BSA (3 times)
GLY (3 times)
1990 Effectiveness of four sterilizing procedures on prophylaxis cups.
glutamyl-tRNA
(33 times)
Science
(3 times)
ALA (4 times)
Gln (2 times)
GluTR (2 times)
1988 The nucleotide sequences of barley cytoplasmic glutamate transfer RNAs and structural features essential for formation of delta-aminolevulinic acid.
Glu-tRNA
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
Gln (10 times)
GluTR (3 times)
GlnRS (2 times)
1990 Purification and functional characterization of the Glu-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
glutamic
(17 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Asp (11 times)
Gly (3 times)
GABA (2 times)
1990 Neuroexcitatory plasma amino acids are elevated in migraine.
glutamine
(11 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
Arg (4 times)
Asp (3 times)
Gly (3 times)
1987 Amino acid metabolism during exercise in trained rats: the potential role of carnitine in the metabolic fate of branched-chain amino acids.
glucosamine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CS (4 times)
OA (3 times)
ASU (2 times)
2003 Effect of Brand's glucosamine with essence of chicken on collagen-induced arthritis in rats.
glucose concentration
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ALB (2 times)
ALP (2 times)
BUN (2 times)
1987 [Discriminant analysis of hematological and serum biochemical values in cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) bred and reared under the indoor individually-caged conditions].
10  glutathione
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
3MH (1 time)
4M4MP (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1992 Differential effects of thiols on DNA modifications via alkylation and Michael addition by alpha-acetoxy-N-nitrosopyrrolidine.
11  d-glucose
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
4-MeI (1 time)
aa (1 time)
Ala (1 time)
1987 Expression of the functional D-glucose transport system in Xenopus oocytes injected with mRNA of rat small intestine.
12  glutamate and tRNA
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
GluTR (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
1989 Overproduction and domain structure of the glutamyl-tRNA synthetase of Escherichia coli.
13  glutelin
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ALB (2 times)
Gli (2 times)
GLO (2 times)
2008 Influence of various nitrogen applications on protein and amino acid profiles of amaranth and quinoa.
14  glutamylation of tRNA
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GluRS (3 times)
aaRS (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1997 Glutamyl-tRNA sythetase.
15  beta-glucanase
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CHI (1 time)
Cnb (1 time)
MLST (1 time)
2008 Bifunctional enhancement of a beta-glucanase-xylanase fusion enzyme by optimization of peptide linkers.
16  glucopyranoside
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Con A (2 times)
ITC (1 time)
Man (1 time)
1993 Thermodynamics of monosaccharide binding to concanavalin A, pea (Pisum sativum) lectin, and lentil (Lens culinaris) lectin.
17  GluRS*tRNA
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2006 Structural bases of transfer RNA-dependent amino acid recognition and activation by glutamyl-tRNA synthetase.
18  3-glucans
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
PG (2 times)
PRRs (2 times)
2013 Immunoglobulin superfamily protein Dscam exhibited molecular diversity by alternative splicing in hemocytes of crustacean, Eriocheir sinensis.
19  beta-1,3-glucanase gene
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Cloning of beta-1,3-glucanase gene from Trichoderma virid LTR-2 and its expression in Pichia pastoris].
20  CNS-glutamate
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACh (2 times)
1994 Excitatory transmitter neurotoxicity.
21  D-GluRS glutamylates tRNA
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Gln (3 times)
D-GluRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Structure of nondiscriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase from Thermotoga maritima.
22  gamma-glutamate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cys (1 time)
GLRs (1 time)
2013 Glutamate receptor-like channel3.3 is involved in mediating glutathione-triggered cytosolic calcium transients, transcriptional changes, and innate immunity responses in Arabidopsis.
23  Gln-glutamate
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2018 Exocrine pancreas glutamate secretion help to sustain enterocyte nutritional needs under protein restriction.
24  Glucantime
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2013 Amphiphilic Antimony(V) Complexes for Oral Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis.
25  glucoamylase
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Amy-Glu (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of a mesoporous functional copolymer bead carrier and its properties for glucoamylase immobilization.
26  gluconate
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ASL (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
D-M (1 time)
2013 Tracheal epithelium cell volume responses to hyperosmolar, isosmolar and hypoosmolar solutions: relation to epithelium-derived relaxing factor (EpDRF) effects.
27  glutamic acid residues
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Gla (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
DCP (1 time)
2002 gamma-Carboxyglutamic acid content of hepatocellular carcinoma-associated des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin.
28  glutamyl-tRNA synthetase specific for tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GluRS (2 times)
Gln (1 time)
1997 Glutamyl-tRNA sythetase.
29  (4-(13)C)-glutamate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Ala (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
Glc (1 time)
2003 Detection of [1,6-13C2]-glucose metabolism in rat brain by in vivo 1H-[13C]-NMR spectroscopy.
30  (D-GluRS) forms only Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (2 times)
2004 In vivo formation of glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) in Escherichia coli by heterologous glutamyl-tRNA synthetases.
31  (D-GluRS) that biosynthesizes Glu-tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
D-GluRS (1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2004 Divergent anticodon recognition in contrasting glutamyl-tRNA synthetases.
32  3(H)-L-glutamate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
1998 Rapid enhancement of high affinity glutamate uptake by glucocorticoids in rat cerebral cortex synaptosomes and human neuroblastoma clone SK-N-SH: possible involvement of G-protein.
33  a-D-Glucose
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Reduced Mg2+-ATPase activity in the hypoglycemic adult rat brain.
34  AAP-glucuronide
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
AMS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2010 Microdose study of 14C-acetaminophen with accelerator mass spectrometry to examine pharmacokinetics of parent drug and metabolites in healthy subjects.
35  alpha-D-glucopyranose
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
alpha MeOGlu (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1996 Effect of substituent on the thermodynamics of D-glucopyranoside binding to concanavalin A, pea (Pisum sativum) lectin and lentil (Lens culinaris) lectin.
36  anti-glutamate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PAG (1 time)
1997 Glutamate-positive neurons and terminals in the cat periaqueductal gray matter (PAG): a light and electron microscopic immunocytochemical study.
37  beta-d-glucopyranoside
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
free OH (1 time)
Mal (1 time)
2005 Soluble monolayers of n-decyl glucopyranoside and n-decyl maltopyranoside. Phase changes in the gaseous to the liquid-expanded range.
38  beta-glucose
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
A-Glu (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
Ala (1 time)
2013 Metabolomic analysis of cerebral spinal fluid from patients with severe brain injury.
39  Bx-glucoside glucosidase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Bxs (1 time)
GT (1 time)
2011 Dispersed benzoxazinone gene cluster: molecular characterization and chromosomal localization of glucosyltransferase and glucosidase genes in wheat and rye.
40  candidates-glutamic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Asp (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1993 Effect of unilateral motor cortex ablation on activity of choline acetyltransferase and levels of amino acid transmitter candidates in the spinal cord of adult monkeys.
41  D-glucoamine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
CDDP (1 time)
NG (1 time)
2003 Study on Schiff base complexes-cellular DNA interactions by a novel system of Hadamard transform fluorescence image microscopy.
42  D-GluRS:tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
D-GluRS (1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2004 Divergent anticodon recognition in contrasting glutamyl-tRNA synthetases.
43  excitotoxins-glutamate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
Tet (1 time)
1996 [Protective effect of tetrandrine on neuronal injury in cultured cortical neurons of rats].
44  free-glutamate
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MSG (1 time)
2009 Clinical trial of glutamate for the improvement of nutrition and health in the elderly.
45  gamma-glutamic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Asn (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2010 Glutamine deamidation: differentiation of glutamic acid and gamma-glutamic acid in peptides by electron capture dissociation.
46  gammaGH (zgammaGH) from zebrafish and the mutant complexes with MTX
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
gamma-GH (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
2013 Structural insights into the hydrolysis and polymorphism of methotrexate polyglutamate by zebrafish gamma-glutamyl hydrolase.
47  gel electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions and binds tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1993 The glutamyl-tRNA synthetase of Escherichia coli contains one atom of zinc essential for its native conformation and its catalytic activity.
48  gene and the previously analyzed tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TF (1 time)
1992 Bending of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae 5S rRNA gene in transcription factor complexes.
49  gene caused the loss of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 A novel unanticipated type of pseudouridine synthase with homologs in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya.
50  gene, aminoacylates its homologous tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
1998 Overproduction of the Bacillus subtilis glutamyl-tRNA synthetase in its host and its toxicity to Escherichia coli.
51  gene, which is highly homologous to tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Cloning and sequencing of a 16S/23S ribosomal spacer from Haemophilus parainfluenzae reveals an invariant, mosaic-like organisation of sequence blocks.
52  general structure
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 The active site specificity of the Yersinia protein-tyrosine phosphatase.
53  general, birds are insensitive to the regulation of P
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Glucose regulation in birds.
54  generate, during evolution, a huge superfamily of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SINEs (1 time)
1999 Genealogy of families of SINEs in cetaceans and artiodactyls: the presence of a huge superfamily of tRNA(Glu)-derived families of SINEs.
55  genes and flanking regions for tRNAUUC
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1984 Organization and nucleotide sequence of the genes for spinach chloroplast tRNA(Glu) and tRNA (Tyr.).
56  genes encoding oligopeptide residues including
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Metal affinity engineering of proinsulin carrying genetically attached (His)10-X-Met affinity tail and removal of the tag by cyanogen bromide.
57  genes, that of P. trituberculatus was found between the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the swimming crab, Portunus trituberculatus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura).
58  genome overlapping with the reversely encoded regular tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Complete mitochondrial genome of an aquatic moth, Elophila interruptalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).
59  geranylated nucleotides occur in the first anticodon position of tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Discovery and biological characterization of geranylated RNA in bacteria.
60  gfp, RNase P cleavage occurred upstream of an ectopic tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2002 Evidence for in vivo modulation of chloroplast RNA stability by 3'-UTR homopolymeric tails in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
61  Glu concentration
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
3-MH (1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
1990 What rate of infusion of intravenous nutrition solution is required to stimulate uptake of amino acids by peripheral tissues in depleted patients?
62  Glu on the acceptor end of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Glu-Q-RS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
NGluRS (1 time)
2014 Fusion with anticodon binding domain of GluRS is not sufficient to alter the substrate specificity of a chimeric Glu-Q-RS.
63  Glu re-uptake, pharmacologically or hypothermically, may shorten exposure to high
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Nicergoline enhances glutamate re-uptake and protects against brain damage in rat global brain ischemia.
64  Glu to the 3' accepting end of the cognate tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Glu-Q-RS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
2008 Crystal structure of glutamyl-queuosine tRNAAsp synthetase complexed with L-glutamate: structural elements mediating tRNA-independent activation of glutamate and glutamylation of tRNAAsp anticodon.
65  Glu uptake and reducing extracellular
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 GLT-1 expression and Glu uptake in rat cerebral cortex are increased by phencyclidine.
66  Glu with CdCl+, CdCl+
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IRMPD (1 time)
2017 Experimental and theoretical investigations of infrared multiple photon dissociation spectra of glutamic acid complexes with Zn2+ and Cd2.
67  glucanase
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Xyn (1 time)
2012 Domain-swapping of mesophilic xylanase with hyper-thermophilic glucanase.
68  glucokinase-catalyzed reaction at an elevated
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Mathematical simulation of membrane processes and metabolic fluxes of the pancreatic beta-cell.
69  glucose moieties
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Gas-phase intramolecular elimination reaction studies of steviol glycosides in positive electrospray and tandem mass spectrometry.
70  glucose transporter
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
IRS-2 (1 time)
LSE (1 time)
2017 Systemic Perturbations of Key Metabolites in Type 2 Diabetic Rats Treated by Polyphenol Extracts from Litchi chinensis Seeds.
71  glucosidases
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CarE (1 time)
GST (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2015 Lepidopteran insect susceptibility to silver nanoparticles and measurement of changes in their growth, development and physiology.
72  glucuronide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
UDC (1 time)
1989 Effect of bile acids on calcium efflux from isolated rat hepatocytes and perfused rat livers.
73  GluRS and tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2006 Structural bases of transfer RNA-dependent amino acid recognition and activation by glutamyl-tRNA synthetase.
74  GluRS is active toward tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Gln (2 times)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2011 Rational design of an evolutionary precursor of glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
75  GluRS proteins, requires the presence of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
2015 Identification of Chemical Compounds That Inhibit the Function of Glutamyl-tRNA Synthetase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
76  GluRS requires the presence of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2009 A C-truncated glutamyl-tRNA synthetase specific for tRNA(Glu) is stimulated by its free complementary distal domain: mechanistic and evolutionary implications.
77  GluRSs are soluble, aminoacylate specifically tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2009 A C-truncated glutamyl-tRNA synthetase specific for tRNA(Glu) is stimulated by its free complementary distal domain: mechanistic and evolutionary implications.
78  GluRSs recognize only tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2009 A C-truncated glutamyl-tRNA synthetase specific for tRNA(Glu) is stimulated by its free complementary distal domain: mechanistic and evolutionary implications.
79  GluRSs, the mode of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
ND-GluRS (1 time)
2010 Structure of an archaeal non-discriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase: a missing link in the evolution of Gln-tRNAGln formation.
80  GluRSs, tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2009 A C-truncated glutamyl-tRNA synthetase specific for tRNA(Glu) is stimulated by its free complementary distal domain: mechanistic and evolutionary implications.
81  glutamate (Glu) to tRNA
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
2011 An Arabidopsis GluTR binding protein mediates spatial separation of 5-aminolevulinic acid synthesis in chloroplasts.
82  glutamate + GABA
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Asp (1 time)
Gln (1 time)
Lac (1 time)
1993 Mapping of cerebral metabolites in rats by 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Distribution of metabolites in normal brain and postmortem changes.
83  glutamate 1-semialdehyde and tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Purification and partial characterisation of barley glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) reductase, the enzyme that directs glutamate to chlorophyll biosynthesis.
84  glutamate activated by acylation to tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
Synechocystis 6803 (1 time)
1990 Expression of the Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 tRNA(Glu) gene provides tRNA for protein and chlorophyll biosynthesis.
85  glutamate alone
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2000 Reduced glutamate in the anterior cingulate cortex in depression: an in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.
86  glutamate aminopeptidase
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
APB (1 time)
APN (1 time)
Asp-AP (1 time)
2015 Plasma peptidases as prognostic biomarkers in patients with first-episode psychosis.
87  glutamate amounts, suggesting that
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
mEPSC (1 time)
2007 The origin of quantal size variation: vesicular glutamate concentration plays a significant role.
88  glutamate and certain mGluR agonists may regulate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DHPG (1 time)
L-AP4 (1 time)
mGluR (1 time)
1999 Metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists reduce glutamate release from cultured astrocytes.
89  glutamate and is devoid of the required tRNA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
1991 delta-Aminolevulinic Acid Biosynthesis from Glutamatein Euglena gracilis: Photocontrol of Enzyme Levels in a Chlorophyll-Free Mutant.
90  glutamate as the L-enantiomer. pAB
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1986 alpha-Carboxyl-linked glutamates in the folylpolyglutamates of Escherichia coli.
91  glutamate by an ATP-dependent ligation to tRNA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
1990 Biosynthesis of the Tetrapyrrole Pigment Precursor, delta-Aminolevulinic Acid, from Glutamate.
92  glutamate by ligating it to tRNA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
GSAT (1 time)
2005 Cellular levels of glutamyl-tRNA reductase and glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminotransferase do not control chlorophyll synthesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
93  glutamate by means of a tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
1996 Expression of catalytically active barley glutamyl tRNAGlu reductase in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase.
94  glutamate charged to tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
Glu-tRNA (1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
1994 A point mutation in Euglena gracilis chloroplast tRNA(Glu) uncouples protein and chlorophyll biosynthesis.
95  glutamate concentration ((Glu)e) during anoxia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2000 Oxygen-independent real-time monitoring of distinct biphasic glutamate release using dialysis electrode in rat striatum during anoxia: in vivo evaluation of glutamate release and reversed uptake.
96  glutamate content
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
2009 Glutamate as a spectroscopic marker of hippocampal structural plasticity is elevated in long-term euthymic bipolar patients on chronic lithium therapy and correlates inversely with diurnal cortisol.
97  glutamate generated products which after chemical cleavage to pAB
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 In vitro synthesis of alpha-carboxyl-linked folylpolyglutamates by an enzyme preparation from Escherichia coli.
98  Glutamate is activated at the alpha-carboxyl by ligation to tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Enzymic and mechanistic studies on the conversion of glutamate to 5-aminolaevulinate.
99  glutamate its homologous tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
1990 Glutamyl-tRNA synthetases of Bacillus subtilis 168T and of Bacillus stearothermophilus. Cloning and sequencing of the gltX genes and comparison with other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
100  glutamate levels
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2009 [Glutamate increase in the associative striatum in schizophrenia: a longitudinal magnetic resonance spectroscopy preliminary study].
101  glutamate re-uptake after reperfusion rather than directly modulating intra-ischemic
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2000 Quantitative evaluation of extracellular glutamate concentration in postischemic glutamate re-uptake, dependent on brain temperature, in the rat following severe global brain ischemia.
102  glutamate receptor
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
5,7-DHT (1 time)
AAV (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2016 CaMKIIalpha knockdown decreases anxiety in the open field and low serotonin-induced upregulation of GluA1 in the basolateral amygdala.
103  glutamate sensitive sensor revealed that
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1995 The release of glutamate and accumulation of intracellular calcium in the guinea pig hippocampal slices during glucose deprivation.
104  glutamate signals
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LFPs (1 time)
MEA (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
2018 Bio-electrochemical microelectrode arrays for glutamate and electrophysiology detection in hippocampus of temporal lobe epileptic rats.
105  glutamate to ALA when supplemented with tRNA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
1991 delta-Aminolevulinic Acid Biosynthesis from Glutamatein Euglena gracilis: Photocontrol of Enzyme Levels in a Chlorophyll-Free Mutant.
106  glutamate's neurotransmitter action and to keep its extracellular concentration
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1992 The glial cell glutamate uptake carrier countertransports pH-changing anions.
107  glutamate, ATP, NADPH, tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
1989 5-Aminolevulinic acid synthesis in Escherichia coli.
108  glutamate, indicating the obligatory requirement of aminoacylated tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Complex formation between glutamyl-tRNA synthetase and glutamyl-tRNA reductase during the tRNA-dependent synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
109  glutamate-enzyme interaction near the aminoacyl bond to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
2007 Glutamate recognition and hydride transfer by Escherichia coli glutamyl-tRNA reductase.
110  glutamate-l-semialdehyde aminomutase, or of tRNA
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
NF (1 time)
1999 Selective inhibition of HEMA gene expression by photooxidation in Arabidopsis thaliana.
111  glutamatergic neurotransmission by reuptake of (S) -glutamate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EAATs (1 time)
2008 Chemo-enzymatic synthesis of (2S,4R)-2-amino-4-(3-(2,2-diphenylethylamino)-3-oxopropyl)pentanedioic acid: a novel selective inhibitor of human excitatory amino acid transporter subtype 2.
112  glutamates linked at their alpha-carboxyls; E. coli-derived pAB
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1986 alpha-Carboxyl-linked glutamates in the folylpolyglutamates of Escherichia coli.
113  glutamic acid are considered the following values are calculated: PA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ESI-Q-TOF (1 time)
2009 Gas-phase protonation thermochemistry of glutamic acid.
114  glutamic acid codons GAA and GAG via tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MetRS (1 time)
2016 A dual fluorescent reporter for the investigation of methionine mistranslation in live cells.
115  glutamine acceptance with these mutations suggests that tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
1993 Discrimination among tRNAs intermediate in glutamate and glutamine acceptor identity.
116  glutamine recognition elements in tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
1993 Discrimination among tRNAs intermediate in glutamate and glutamine acceptor identity.
117  glutaminic residue
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
OC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2002 Amelioration of osteoporosis by menatetrenone in elderly female Parkinson's disease patients with vitamin D deficiency.
118  glutamyl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
ROE (1 time)
2011 Interaction between reduced glutathione and PEO-PPO-PEO copolymers in aqueous solutions: studied by 1H NMR and spin-lattice relaxation.
119  glutamyl-tRNA or free tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Complex formation between glutamyl-tRNA synthetase and glutamyl-tRNA reductase during the tRNA-dependent synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
120  glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (GluRS):tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
Leu (1 time)
LeuRS (1 time)
2009 Dynamical networks in tRNA:protein complexes.
121  glutamyl-tRNA synthetase step and developmental regulation of tRNA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
1990 Biosynthesis of the Tetrapyrrole Pigment Precursor, delta-Aminolevulinic Acid, from Glutamate.
122  glutamyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2000 Evidence for unfolding of the single-stranded GCCA 3'-End of a tRNA on its aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase from a stacked helical to a foldback conformation.
123  glutamylates both apicoplast tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2013 A nondiscriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase in the plasmodium apicoplast: the first enzyme in an indirect aminoacylation pathway.
124  glutamylates both tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Gln (4 times)
GluRS (1 time)
2010 Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions.
125  glutamylation efficiency are experimentally known for Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluRS (1 time)
2012 Structural and functional consequences of mutating a proteobacteria-specific surface residue in the catalytic domain of Escherichia coli GluRS.
126  Gluteus Maximus
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GAS (1 time)
Pax7 (1 time)
Tib (1 time)
2016 Short-term ursolic acid promotes skeletal muscle rejuvenation through enhancing of SIRT1 expression and satellite cells proliferation.
127  GluTR hydrolyzes the highly reactive thioester of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
1999 Methanopyrus kandleri glutamyl-tRNA reductase.
128  greater when a negatively charged residue
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
AR2 (1 time)
RNAP (1 time)
2002 Transcription activation by FNR: evidence for a functional activating region 2.
129  groups: control
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EAA (1 time)
NE(L) (1 time)
2012 Milk protein synthesis in response to the provision of an "ideal" amino acid profile at 2 levels of metabolizable protein supply in dairy cows.
130  GSA-2,1-aminomutase, converts GSA to ALA. tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
Glu-tRNA (1 time)
GluTR (1 time)
1994 A point mutation in Euglena gracilis chloroplast tRNA(Glu) uncouples protein and chlorophyll biosynthesis.
131  GST-glutamyl tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
1996 Expression of catalytically active barley glutamyl tRNAGlu reductase in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase.
132  guided by 5'-half-tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
sgRNA (1 time)
2009 Modulation of gene expression by human cytosolic tRNase Z(L) through 5'-half-tRNA.
133  hPAMAM-glutamic amino acid
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HPAMAM (1 time)
PAMAM (1 time)
2016 Synthesis and evaluation of a glutamic acid-modified hPAMAM complex as a promising versatile gene carrier.
134  IAA-glutamate
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Glc (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
2000 Characterization of auxin conjugates in Arabidopsis. Low steady-state levels of indole-3-acetyl-aspartate, indole-3-acetyl-glutamate, and indole-3-acetyl-glucose.
135  Ile-Gly-Val-Ile-Leu
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Leu (1 time)
2011 Characterization of major zinc containing myonecrotic and procoagulant metalloprotease 'malabarin' from non lethal trimeresurus malabaricus snake venom with thrombin like activity: its neutralization by chelating agents.
136  indices--glucose
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of the toxic effect of peracetic acid on grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) juveniles.
137  L-Glu-activating initiation module C-A
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NRPSs (1 time)
2002 Exploitation of the selectivity-conferring code of nonribosomal peptide synthetases for the rational design of novel peptide antibiotics.
138  l-glutamate sodium
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
2007 Arginine vasopressin is an important regulator in antinociceptive modulation of hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus in the rat.
139  MRS-Glutamate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRS (1 time)
TMS (1 time)
2017 Comparing GABA-dependent physiological measures of inhibition with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurement of GABA using ultra-high-field MRI.
140  N-acetyl-D-glutamate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
alpha-KGA (1 time)
D-AGase (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
1996 Chemical modification of histidine residue of N-acyl-D-Glutamate amidohydrolase from Pseudomonas sp. 5f-1.
141  n-decyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
LE (1 time)
Mal (1 time)
2004 n-Decyl-glucopyranoside and n-decyl-maltopyranoside gibbs monolayers. Phase changes in the dilute liquid-expanded range.
142  ND-GluRS enzymes recognize tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
ND-GluRS (1 time)
2010 Structure of an archaeal non-discriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase: a missing link in the evolution of Gln-tRNAGln formation.
143  ND-GluRS for tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Asn (1 time)
Gln (1 time)
ND-AspRS (1 time)
2010 The archaeal transamidosome for RNA-dependent glutamine biosynthesis.
144  neurotransmitter-glutamate
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HPLC-FLD (1 time)
2013 [Analgesic effect of CQM on prosopalgia model rats and its impact on exciting amino acid neurotransmitters].
145  tRNA-Glu and, subsequently, td-piR
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
piRNAs (1 time)
2016 IL-4 Inhibits the Biogenesis of an Epigenetically Suppressive PIWI-Interacting RNA To Upregulate CD1a Molecules on Monocytes/Dendritic Cells.
146  UDCA-glutamate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
UDCA (1 time)
2009 A new amino acid derivative of ursodeoxycholate, (N-L-Glutamyl)-UDCA (UDCA-Glu), to selectively release UDCA in the colon.