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Abbreviation: XRD
Appearance Frequency: 14883 time(s)
Long forms: 42

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
X-ray diffraction
(13579 times)
Chemistry
(2955 times)
SEM (5319 times)
TEM (4003 times)
FTIR (3220 times)
1981 Optical interference coatings prepared from solution.
X-ray powder diffraction
(900 times)
Chemistry
(214 times)
SEM (382 times)
TEM (321 times)
FTIR (205 times)
1987 Formation of octacalcium phosphate and subsequent transformation to hydroxyapatite at low supersaturation: a model for cartilage calcification.
X-ray diffraction analysis
(233 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
SEM (98 times)
TEM (80 times)
FTIR (67 times)
1996 Development of hydroxyapatite derived from Indian coral.
X-ray powder diffractometry
(67 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
DSC (25 times)
FTIR (19 times)
SEM (17 times)
1997 Identification of drugs in pharmaceutical dosage forms by X-ray powder diffractometry.
X-ray diffraction technique
(26 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
SEM (11 times)
TEM (9 times)
FTIR (6 times)
2004 Fluorides in groundwater, soil and infused black tea and the occurrence of dental fluorosis among school children of the Gaza strip.
X-ray diffraction measurements
(16 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TEM (7 times)
SEM (5 times)
FTIR (3 times)
2006 Facile synthesis of hollow carbon nanospheres from hollow chitosan nanospheres.
X-ray powder diffraction analysis
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
SEM (4 times)
FESEM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2002 Bioreduction and biocrystallization of palladium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans NCIMB 8307.
X-ray radiation diffraction
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2001 Study of Au/Au(3+)-TiO2 photocatalysts toward visible photooxidation for water and wastewater treatment.
micro-X-ray diffraction
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
XANES (2 times)
CP (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
2011 Relationship between the metallurgical structure of experimental titanium miniscrew implants and their torsional properties.
10  X-ray powder diffraction crystallography
(4 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
DSC (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
B-KPro (1 time)
2004 Crystal forms of ketorolac.
11  powder-X-ray diffraction
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2012 A gas-solid reaction growth of dense TiO2 nanowire arrays on Ti foils at ambient atmosphere.
12  X-ray diffraction pattern analysis
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FT-IR (2 times)
LOD (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2017 Synthesis and Characterization of Porous MnCo2O4 for Electrochemical Determination of Cadmium ions in Water Samples.
13  x-ray diode
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SEM (1 time)
2008 Reproducible, rugged, and inexpensive photocathode x-ray diode.
14  X-ray dispersive
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
DRIFT (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
1998 In vitro biomineralization by osteoblast-like cells. II. Characterization of cellular culture supernatants.
15  X-ray microdiffraction
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EDS (2 times)
ESEM (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2010 Effect of compounds of Galla chinensis on remineralization of enamel surface in vitro.
16  X-ray powder diffraction techniques
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2011 Recovery of iron from vanadium tailings with coal-based direct reduction followed by magnetic separation.
17  X-ray powder scattering
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
MHSS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2015 Phenol degradation using the mixed material clay/Fe immobilized on glass slides.
18  methods--X-ray diffraction
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2009 Ba(Zn1/3Ta2/3)O ceramics for microwave and millimeter-wave applications.
19  scanning-X-ray diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
red (1 time)
2015 Cluster harvesting in the WBr6-P system.
20  X linked recessive inheritance
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ADN (1 time)
MNCV (1 time)
1982 A family study of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
21  X-ray densitometer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2015 [ARTERIAL STIFFNESS AND BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN WOMEN WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE AND CONCOMITANT SEVERE OSTEOPOROSIS].
22  X-ray differential
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2006 Enhanced photocatalysis of pentachlorophenol by metal-modified titanium (IV) oxide.
23  X-ray Differentiation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2015 Structural Mimetic Silk Fiber-Reinforced Composite Scaffolds Using Multi-Angle Fibers.
24  X-ray Diffraction analysis technique
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
DTG (1 time)
2016 Nitrilotriacetic acid functionalized Adansonia digitata biosorbent: Preparation, characterization and sorption of Pb (II) and Cu (II) pollutants from aqueous solution.
25  X-ray diffraction apparatus
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FCC (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
HMN (1 time)
2018 Fabricating hierarchical micro and nano structures on implantable Co-Cr-Mo alloy for tissue engineering by one-step laser ablation.
26  X-ray diffraction at room temperature
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EIS (1 time)
MIEC (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2012 Thermodynamic stability, structural and electrical characterization of mixed ionic and electronic conductor La2Mo2O(8.96).
27  X-ray diffraction image data
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
MLEM (1 time)
2006 MLEM deconvolution of protein X-ray diffraction images based on a multiple-PSF model.
28  X-ray diffraction Investigator
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2017 Adsorbent synthesis of polypyrrole/TiO(2) for effective fluoride removal from aqueous solution for drinking water purification: Adsorbent characterization and adsorption mechanism.
29  X-ray diffraction line-broadening analysis
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
PLG (1 time)
2008 Effects of polyelectrolytic peptides on the quality of mineral crystals grown in vitro.
30  x-ray diffraction micro-analysis
(1 time)
Dental Implantation
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2017 Osteogenesis ability of CAD/CAM porous zirconia scaffolds enriched with nano-hydroxyapatite particles.
31  X-ray diffraction powder method
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CL-SEM (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2007 Low-magnesium uranium-calcite with high degree of crystallinity and gigantic luminescence emission.
32  X-ray diffraction with both laboratory-scale
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
EVOO (1 time)
POL (1 time)
2017 From Trioleoyl glycerol to extra virgin olive oil through multicomponent triacylglycerol mixtures: Crystallization and polymorphic transformation examined with differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffration techniques.
33  X-ray diffraction, X-ray powder diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MFU-4 (1 time)
2011 Photophysical properties of Kuratowski-type coordination compounds [M(II)Zn4Cl4(Me2bta)6] (M(II) = Zn or Ru) featuring long-lived excited electronic states.
34  X-ray diffractometer methods
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of nano B2O3/TiO2 composite material as a new solid phase extractor and its application to preconcentration and separation of cadmium.
35  X-ray diffractometer Spectrum
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2015 Synthesis of structural and optical characterization of surfactant capped ZnO nanocrystalline.
36  X-ray Diffractometer System
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2009 Behavior and analysis of Cesium adsorption on montmorillonite mineral.
37  X-ray diffusion spectrography
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2014 In vivo analysis of dermal and systemic absorption of silver nanoparticles through healthy human skin.
38  X-ray polycrystalline diffraction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2018 Alteration behavior of mineral structure and hazardous elements during combustion of coal from a power plant at Huainan, Anhui, China.
39  X-Ray polycrystalline Diffractometer
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2010 In vitro behavior of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast with different annealing temperature titania nanotubes.
40  X-ray Refraction Dispersive
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Kinetic and isotherm studies on adsorption of fluoride by limonite with batch technique.
41  X-ray scattering methods
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EDP (1 time)
Ld (1 time)
2008 Modification of membrane heterogeneity by antipsychotic drugs: an X-ray diffraction comparative study.
42  X-ray single crystal diffraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2017 New Pyrazole-Hydrazone Derivatives: X-ray Analysis, Molecular Structure Investigation via Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Their High In-Situ Catecholase Activity.