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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : GMFCS / Gross Motor Function Classification System

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Total Number of Papers: 1151
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Abbreviation:   GMFCS  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   Gross Motor Function Classification System
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2022 Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity (SCALE) in children with spastic cerebral palsy. GMFM, ICC, PRS, SCALE
2021 "It Should Have Been Given Sooner, and We Should Not Have to Fight for It": A Mixed-Methods Study of the Experience of Diagnosis and Early Management of Cerebral Palsy. CP
2021 A Study on Physical Exercise and General Mobility in People with Cerebral Palsy: Health through Costless Routines. ASPACE, CEEEMS, CP, ICF, PA, RPA, SB
2021 Accelerometric Gait Analysis Devices in Children-Will They Accept Them? Results From the AVAPed Study. 1 mwt, CP, Ctrl
2021 Ankle contractures are frequent among children with cerebral palsy and associated with lower gross motor function and degree of spasticity. CP, MAS, OR
2021 Aponeurotic release of semimembranosus: A technical note to increase correction gained with hamstring lengthening surgery in cerebral palsy. CP, PA, SM, ST
2021 Assessing IQ in adolescents with mild to moderate cerebral palsy using the WISC-V. CP, FSIQ
2021 Assessment of Swallowing Disorders, Nutritional and Hydration Status, and Oral Hygiene in Students with Severe Neurological Disabilities Including Cerebral Palsy. DH, MN, OD, OH, SNS
2021 Baseline Gross Motor Function Affects the Outcome of Robot-Assisted Therapy in Ambulatory Individuals with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. CP, GMFM, RAT
10  2021 Bisphosphonate use in children with cerebral palsy. BAP, BMD, CI, CP, MD, RCTs
11  2021 Blood Loss and Related Laboratory Changes after Single-Event Multilevel Surgery and Hip Reconstructive Surgery in Patients with Cerebral Palsy. AST, BMI, CP, Hb, HRS, SEMLS
12  2021 Botulinum Toxin Type A in the Spasticity of Cerebral Palsy Related to Congenital Zika Syndrome: An Observational Study. BoNT-A, CP, CZS, PGI-I
13  2021 Caregiver burden versus intensity of anxiety and depression symptoms in parents of children with cerebral palsy as well as factors potentially differentiating the level of burden: a cross-sectional study (Poland). BI, CBS, CP, HADS
14  2021 Chronic pain among children with cerebral palsy attending a Ugandan tertiary hospital: a cross-sectional study. CFCS, CP, EDACS
15  2021 Classification of Congenital Zika Syndrome: Muscle Tone, Motor Type, Body Segments Affected, and Gross Motor Function. CZS, MAS
16  2021 Combined Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy and Single-Event Multilevel Surgery in a Child with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report. CP, ROM, SDR, SEMLS
17  2021 Comparison of Surgical Outcomes for Distal Rectus Femoris Transfer and Resection Surgeries in Children With Cerebral Palsy With Stiff Knee Gait. CP, IGA, RF, RFR, RFTs
18  2021 Determining the relationship between the impairment of selective voluntary motor control and gait deviations in children with cerebral palsy using simple video-based analyses. 3DGA, CP, EVGS, SCALE, SVMC, VBOGA
19  2021 Development of an ICF Core Set for adults with cerebral palsy: capturing their perspective on functioning. CP, ICF
20  2021 Development of equations and software for estimating weight in children with cerebral palsy. CP, MUAC
21  2021 Development of gross motor capacity and mobility performance in children with cerebral palsy: a longitudinal study. PEDI, PEDI-CAT
22  2021 Diet quality in adults with cerebral palsy: a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease prevention. BMI, CP, WHR
23  2021 Distal rectus femoris surgery in children with cerebral palsy: results of a Delphi consensus project. CP
24  2021 Dystonia assessment in children with cerebral palsy and periventricular leukomalacia. CP, MACS
25  2021 Effect of Community-Based Functional Aerobic Training on Motor Performance and Quality of Life of Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. CBFAE, CP, GMF
26  2021 Effect of Community-Based Functional Aerobic Training on Motor Performance and Quality of Life of Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. CBFAE, CP, GMF
27  2021 Effect of Physical Guidance on Learning a Tracking Task in Children with Cerebral Palsy. CP, MACS, PG
28  2021 Effect of positioning error on the Hilgenreiner epiphyseal angle and the head-shaft angle compared to the femoral neck-shaft angle in children with cerebral palsy. CP, HEA, HSA, NSA
29  2021 Effects of minimally invasive surgery and functional physiotherapy on motor function of children with cerebral palsy: A non-randomised controlled trial. CP, FMS, GMFM, SPML
30  2021 Energetics of walking in individuals with cerebral palsy and typical development, across severity and age: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CP, TD
31  2021 Epidemiology of Malnutrition among Children with Cerebral Palsy in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Findings from the Global LMIC CP Register. CP, GLM-CPR, LMICs
32  2021 Epidemiology of scoliosis in cerebral palsy: A population-based study at skeletal maturity. CP, MACS
33  2021 Evaluating Completeness of Discrete Data on Physical Functioning for Children with Cerebral Palsy in a Pediatric Rehabilitation Learning Health System. CP, DDE, EHR, LHS
34  2021 Evaluation of factors affecting external tibial torsion in patients with cerebral palsy. CP
35  2021 Evaluation of the relationship between cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings and clinical status in children with cerebral palsy CP, MRI, PVL
36  2021 Experience of cases with Inhaled Nitric Oxide and Therapeutic Hypothermia. DQ, HIE, iNO, IVH, PPHN, TH
37  2021 Factors associated with walking activity in adults with cerebral palsy. BMI, CP, GDI, PROMIS, SWLS
38  2021 Factors for changes in self-care and mobility capabilities in young children with cerebral palsy involved in regular outpatient rehabilitation care. CP
39  2021 Failure of Hip Reconstruction in Children With Cerebral Palsy: What Are the Risk Factors? AI, CP, MP
40  2021 Fracture characteristics by age, sex, and ambulatory status among individuals with cerebral palsy: a descriptive study. CP
41  2021 Gait status 26-35 years after selective dorsal rhizotomy: A 9 year follow up study. CP, GDI, SDR, TD
42  2021 Gait training using a hybrid assistive limb after botulinum toxin treatment for cerebral palsy: a case report. 6MD, COPM, CP, GMFM, HAL
43  2021 Gastrostomy feeding in children with severe cerebral palsy in Western Australia. CP, GJ
44  2021 Gross motor function in children with Congenital Zika Syndrome from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. CZS, GMFM
45  2021 Health Conditions in Adults With Cerebral Palsy: The Association With CP Subtype and Severity of Impairments. CP
46  2021 Hip Displacement in Cerebral Palsy: The Role of Surveillance. CP, MP
47  2021 Hip pain in adolescents with cerebral palsy: a population-based longitudinal study. CHQ, CP
48  2021 How does a systematic tuning protocol for ankle foot orthosis-footwear combinations affect gait in children in cerebral palsy? AFO-FC, CP, Flex, GPS, SVA
49  2021 IncobotulinumtoxinA Efficacy/Safety in Upper-Limb Spasticity in Pediatric Cerebral Palsy: Randomized Controlled Trial. AEs, AS, CP, GICS, MP, OLEX
50  2021 Kindy Moves: a protocol for establishing the feasibility of an activity-based intervention on goal attainment and motor capacity delivered within an interdisciplinary framework for preschool aged children with cerebral palsy. CP
51  2021 Knee flexion contracture impacts functional mobility in children with cerebral palsy with various degree of involvement: a cross-sectional register study of 2,838 individuals. CP, FMS, KFC
52  2021 Lived experiences of pain in children and young people with cerebral palsy. CP
53  2021 Long-Term Outcomes of Perinatal Hypoxia and Asphyxia at an Early School Age. CP, HUI, PA, TH, WISC
54  2021 Measurement properties of the Gross Motor Function Classification System, Gross Motor Function Classification System-Expanded & Revised, Manual Ability Classification System, and Communication Function Classification System in cerebral palsy: a systematic review with meta-analysis. CFCS, COSMIN, CP, MACS
55  2021 Motor function at increasing postural demands in children with bilateral cerebral palsy. CP
56  2021 Motor functions, quality of life and maternal anxiety and depression in children with cerebral palsy of different intelligence levels. BAI, BDI, BFMF, CP, ID, PedsQL-P, QoL
57  2021 Muscle synergy structure and gait patterns in children with spastic cerebral palsy. CP
58  2021 Neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 5 among children born preterm: EPIPAGE-2 cohort study. ---
59  2021 Neuroimaging Patterns and Function in Cerebral Palsy-Application of an MRI Classification. BFMF, CP, MRI, MRICS, SCPE
60  2021 Neuroradiologic Features Associated With Severe Restriction of Functional Mobility in Children With Cerebral Palsy in North India. MRI
61  2021 Nutritional status and prevalence of dysphagia in cerebral palsy: usefulness of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System scale and correlation with the degree of motor impairment according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System. CP, EDACS
62  2021 Nutritional Status of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Gorkha, Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Cerebral Palsy Register. CP
63  2021 Outcome of Gastrocnemius Soleus Facial Lengthening in Ambulatory Patients With Cerebral Palsy. CP, GSFL
64  2021 Pain, health-related quality of life, and mental health of adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy in urban South Africa. CP, GSE, HADS, HRQoL, LMIC, ODI, TD
65  2021 Parent-Reported PEDI-CAT Mobility and Gross Motor Function in Infants With Cerebral Palsy. CP, GMFM, PEDI-CAT
66  2021 Parental subjective assessment of gait limitations: Comparison with objective gait variables. CP, GDI
67  2021 Pattern of comorbidities in school-aged children with cerebral palsy in Cross River State, Nigeria. CP
68  2021 Patterns of Health Service Use Among Young People With Cerebral Palsy in England. CP
69  2021 Perceived barriers and facilitators for increasing the physical activity of adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy: a focus group study. CP, PA
70  2021 Perceived Limitations of Walking in Individuals With Cerebral Palsy. CP
71  2021 Phenotype assessment in neurologically impaired paediatric patients: Impact of a nutrition intervention protocol. BMI, BW, CP, DDS, FA, Haz, MACS, MUACz, NIPP, SSS, TSTz, Waz, WHO
72  2021 Physical activity and exercise benefits/barriers in mothers of children with motor disabilities. EBBS, IPAQ-SF
73  2021 Physical Activity Levels of Adolescents and Adults With Cerebral Palsy in Urban South Africa. CP, LPA, MVPA, PA, SED, TD
74  2021 Physical Activity Measurement in Children Who Use Mobility Assistive Devices: Accelerometry and Global Positioning System. AD, CP, PA
75  2021 Point prevalence and motor function of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy in Scandinavia and Scotland: a CP-North study. CP, MACS
76  2021 Postural Asymmetries and Assistive Devices Used by Adults With Cerebral Palsy in Lying, Sitting, and Standing. OR
77  2021 Pre-operative nutrition assessments do not improve outcomes in cerebral palsy patients undergoing varus derotational osteotomy. BMI, CP, G-tube
78  2021 Preschool HABIT-ILE: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to determine efficacy of intensive rehabilitation compared with usual care to improve motor skills of children, aged 2-5 years, with bilateral cerebral palsy. BCP, HABIT-ILE
79  2021 Prevalence of knee contractures is high in children with cerebral palsy in Denmark. CI, CP, MAS, OR
80  2021 Prevalence of the need for adaptive seating systems among children with cerebral palsy in Egypt. CP, LSS
81  2021 Prognostic value of cranial ultrasonography in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging in children with cerebral palsy: a population-based study. CP, cUS, MRICS, SCPE
82  2021 Protocol for The Toxin Study: Understanding clinical and patient reported response of children and young people with cerebral palsy to intramuscular lower limb Botulinum neurotoxin-A injections, exploring all domains of the ICF. A pragmatic longitudinal observational study using a prospective one-group repeated measures design. BoNT-A, CYPwCP, HRQoL
83  2021 Radiological Outcomes of Femoral Head Resection in Patients with Cerebral Palsy: A Retrospective Comparative Study of Two Surgical Procedures. FCP, FHR
84  2021 Reconstructive hip surgery in children with cerebral palsy: factors influencing risk of femoral head avascular necrosis. AVN, BO, CP, KM, MP
85  2021 Recurrent pain in adolescents with cerebral palsy: a longitudinal population-based study. CHQ, CP
86  2021 Relationship between scoliosis, windswept hips and contractures with pain and asymmetries in sitting and supine in 2450 children with cerebral palsy. ---
87  2021 Relationship between Trunk Position Sense and Trunk Control in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Cross-Sectional Study. TCMS
88  2021 Reliability and construct validity of the Activities Scale for Kids in Italian children with cerebral palsy. ASKp, CP
89  2021 Reliability of functional tests of the lower limbs and core stability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. BHR, CP, HJ, ICC, LJ, LSU, mTUG, RLB, STS
90  2021 Reliability, validity, and minimal clinically important differences of the Japanese version of the early clinical assessment of balance in children with cerebral palsy. CP, ECAB, ICC, MCID
91  2021 Resistance to Neuromuscular Blockade by Rocuronium in Surgical Patients with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. CP, NMBAs
92  2021 Risk factors for hip dislocation in dyskinetic cerebral palsy. DCP, GP, MRI, OR, TP
93  2021 Safety and feasibility of symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test using the modified Naughton protocol in children with cerebral palsy: An observational study. CP, CPX, GMFM, PBS, RER, TUG
94  2021 Sit-to-stand training for self-care and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. CI, CP, FTSST, MCSI
95  2021 Sleep-related breathing disorders associated with intrathecal baclofen therapy to treat patients with cerebral palsy: A cohort study and discussion. CHCO, ITB, NPSG, SCH, SRBD
96  2021 Sleep: How is it affected in patients with DMD and their mothers? DMD
97  2021 Spastic Hips in Cerebral Palsy - Retrospective Study of Salvage with the McHale Procedure. CP, MCPHCS, MP
98  2021 Survival of South African children with cerebral palsy. CI, CP, SA, SE
99  2021 Telerehabilitation during Covid-19 lockdown and gross motor function in cerebral palsy: an observational study. CP, GMFM-66
100  2021 Test-Retest Reliability and Construct Validity of the German Translation of the Gait Outcome Assessment List (GOAL) Questionnaire for Children with Ambulatory Cerebral Palsy. CI, CP, GOAL, ICF