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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : ICPI / intracerebral pathogenicity index

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Total Number of Papers: 95
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Abbreviation:   ICPI  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   intracerebral pathogenicity index
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 An Outbreak in Pigeons Caused by the Subgenotype VI.2.1.2 of Newcastle Disease Virus in Brazil. HI, NDV
2021 Antigenic and Molecular Characterization of Virulent Newcastle Disease Viruses Circulating in Ethiopia Between 1976 and 2008. ECE, HA, HI, NDV, SPF
2021 Comparative biology of two genetically closely related Newcastle disease virus strains with strongly contrasting pathogenicity. aa, HN, NDV, NP
2021 Genomic and biological characteristics of Avian Orthoavulavirus-1 strains isolated from multiple wild birds and backyard chickens in Pakistan. AOAV-1
2021 Isolation and Pathogenic Characterization of Pigeon Paramyxovirus Type 1 via Different Inoculation Routes in Pigeons. CO, i.n, IC, IO, MDT, N negative
2021 Newcastle disease vaccine virus I-2 fails to acquire virulence during repeated passage in vivo. WS
2021 Pathogenesis of Velogenic Genotype VII.1.1 Newcastle Disease Virus Isolated from Chicken in Egypt via Different Inoculation Routes: Molecular, Histopathological, and Immunohistochemical Study. ECEs, HI, MDT, NDV, PI, rRT-PCR, SPF
2021 Pathotyping of Newcastle Disease Virus: a Novel Single BsaHI Digestion Method of Detection and Differentiation of Avirulent Strains (Lentogenic and Mesogenic Vaccine Strains) from Virulent Virus. NDV, RE
2021 Phylogenetic analysis and pathogenicity assessment of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 circulating in China during 2007-2019. HN, MDT, NDV, PPMV-1
10  2021 Rapid Generation of a Recombinant Genotype VIII Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Using Full-Length Synthetic cDNA. MDT, NDV
11  2021 The chicken-derived velogenic Newcastle disease virus can acquire high pathogenicity in domestic ducks via serial passaging. NDV
12  2020 Characterization and genetic analysis of recent and emergent virulent newcastle disease viruses in Egypt. MDT, NDV
13  2020 Genomic and Pathogenic Characteristics of Virulent Newcastle Disease Virus Isolated from Chicken in Live Bird Markets and Backyard Flocks in Kenya. bp, MDT, ND, SAN
14  2020 Isolation and molecular identification of wild Newcastle disease virus isolated from broiler farms of Diyala Province, Iraq. HI, MDT, NDV, RT-PCR, SPF
15  2019 A Recombinant La Sota Vaccine Strain Expressing Multiple Epitopes of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) Protects Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) Chickens against IBV and NDV Challenges. HA, IB, IBV, MDT, ND, NDV, PBS, SPF
16  2019 Characterization and full genome sequencing of a velogenic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain Ck/IR/Beh/2011 belonging to subgenotype VII(L). NDV, NGS
17  2019 Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from China. FPCS, MDT, ND, NDV, nt
18  2019 Molecular and biological characterization of some circulating strains of Newcastle disease virus in broiler chickens from Eastern Saudi Arabia in 2012-2014. FPCS, HN, MDT, ND, NDV
19  2019 Phylogenomics and Infectious Potential of Avian Avulaviruses Species-Type 1 Isolated from Healthy Green-Winged Teal (Anas carolinensis) from a Wetland Sanctuary of Indus River. AAvVs
20  2019 Re-emergence of a genotype VIII virulent Newcastle disease virus isolated from Chinese game fowl after 13years. ND, NDV, nt
21  2018 Molecular characterization of two novel sub-sublineages of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 in China. MDT, ND, NDV, PPMV-1
22  2018 Molecular characterization, pathogenicity, and protection efficacy analysis of 2 wild-type lentogenic class I Newcastle disease viruses from chickens in China. MDT, NDVs, SPF
23  2018 Potential of genotype VII Newcastle disease viruses to cause differential infections in chickens and ducks. HN, MDT, ND, NDV
24  2017 Molecular characterization of velogenic viscerotropic Ranikhet (Newcastle) disease virus from different outbreaks in desi chickens. MDT, ND, NDV, RT-PCR, SPF
25  2017 Phylogenetic and pathogenic characterization of a pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 isolate reveals cross-species transmission and potential outbreak risks in the northwest region of China. MDT, PPMV-1
26  2016 Characterization of Newcastle disease virus isolates obtained from outbreak cases in commercial chickens and wild pigeons in Ethiopia. ND, NDVs
27  2016 Genomic characterization of a wild-bird-origin pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) first isolated in the northwest region of China. MDT, PPMV-1
28  2016 Newcastle disease virus chimeras expressing the Hemagglutinin- Neuraminidase protein of mesogenic strain exhibits an enhanced anti-hepatoma efficacy. HN, MDT, NDV
29  2016 Patho-epidemiological study on Genotype-XIII Newcastle disease virus infection in commercial vaccinated layer farms. HA, HI, ND, NDV, SPF
30  2015 Atypical velogenic Newcastle disease in a commercial layer flock in Japan. IB, IBV, MDT, NDV
31  2015 Characterisation of genotype VII Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from NDV vaccinated chickens, and the efficacy of LaSota and recombinant genotype VII vaccines against challenge with velogenic NDV. HN, MDT, NDV
32  2015 Characterization of emerging Newcastle disease virus isolates in China. MDT, ND, RT-PCR
33  2015 Evolution of Newcastle Disease Virus Quasispecies Diversity and Enhanced Virulence after Passage through Chicken Air Sacs. IVPI, JS10-E20, MDT, NDV, UDPS
34  2015 Experimental infection of different species of birds with pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 virus--evaluation of clinical outcomes, viral shedding, and distribution in tissues. PPMV-1
35  2015 Expression of chicken interleukin-2 by a highly virulent strain of Newcastle disease virus leads to decreased systemic viral load but does not significantly affect mortality in chickens. IL-2, NDV, NK, pi
36  2014 Different regions of the newcastle disease virus fusion protein modulate pathogenicity. APMV-1, NDV, PPMV-1
37  2014 High pathogenicity and low genetic evolution of avian paramyxovirus type I (Newcastle disease virus) isolated from live bird markets in Uganda. MDT
38  2014 Pathotypic and Sequence Characterization of Newcastle Disease Viruses from Vaccinated Chickens Reveals Circulation of Genotype II, IV and XIII and in India. HN, NDV
39  2014 Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 variants with polybasic F protein cleavage site but strikingly different pathogenicity. NDV
40  2013 Characteristics of pigeon paramyxovirus serotype-1 isolates (PPMV-1) from the Russian Federation from 2001 to 2009. APMV-1, PPMV-1
41  2013 Characterization of genotype IX Newcastle disease virus strains isolated from wild birds in the northern Qinling Mountains, China. NDV
42  2013 Molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease virus isolates from vaccinated commercial poultry farms in non-epidemic areas of Japan. MDT, ND, NDV, NP, RDP
43  2013 Pathogenesis of Newcastle disease in vaccinated chickens: pathogenicity of isolated virus and vaccine effect on challenge of its virus. IVPI, MDT, ND
44  2013 Pathotypic and genotypic characterization of two Bangladeshi isolates of Newcastle disease virus of chicken and pigeon origin. NDV
45  2013 Phylogenetic characterization and virulence of two Newcastle disease viruses isolated from wild birds in China. NDV
46  2012 Biological characterization and phylogenetic analysis of a novel genetic group of Newcastle disease virus isolated from outbreaks in commercial poultry and from backyard poultry flocks in Pakistan. BYP, HN, MDT, ND, NDV
47  2012 Genomic and biological characterization of a velogenic Newcastle disease virus isolated from a healthy backyard poultry flock in 2010. BYP, MDT, NDV
48  2012 Highly divergent virulent isolates of Newcastle disease virus from the Dominican Republic are members of a new genotype that may have evolved unnoticed for over 2 decades. NDV
49  2012 Replication, neurotropism, and pathogenicity of avian paramyxovirus serotypes 1-9 in chickens and ducks. APMV, MDT
50  2011 On the origin and diversity of Newcastle disease virus in Tanzania. FRCs, NDV
51  2010 Genomic characterization of the first class I Newcastle disease virus isolated from the mainland of China. MDT, NDV, nt
52  2010 Pathogenesis of two strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 2, Yucaipa and Bangor, in chickens and turkeys. APMV, SPF
53  2010 Prevalence of newcastle disease virus in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) in Brazil. NDV
54  2010 Sensitive, semi-nested RT-PCR amplification of fusion gene sequences for the rapid detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus. MDT, NDV, PFU
55  2009 Characterization of newly emerging Newcastle disease viruses isolated during 2002-2008 in Taiwan. PCR, RT
56  2009 Isolation and characterization of a pathogenic Newcastle disease virus from a natural case in indonesia. MDT, ND, NDV
57  2009 Two genetically closely related pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) variants with identical velogenic fusion protein cleavage sites but with strongly contrasting virulence. PPMV-1
58  2008 A vaccine candidate of attenuated genotype VII Newcastle disease virus generated by reverse genetics. MDT, NDV
59  2008 Biological and phylogenetic characterization of virulent Newcastle disease virus circulating in Mexico. MDT, US
60  2008 Pathogenicity of a goose isolate of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza A virus for chickens, mice, and pigs. AIV, HA, IVPI
61  2008 [Impact of modification of cleavage site of fusion protein and foreign gene insertion on the virulence of Newcastle Disease Virus LaSota vaccine strain]. IVPI, MDT, NDV
62  2007 Adaptation of a velogenic Newcastle disease virus to vero cells: assessing the molecular changes before and after adaptation. FPCS, MDT
63  2007 Characterization of pigeon-origin Newcastle disease virus isolated in China. MDT, NDV
64  2007 Phylogenetic characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated in Taiwan during 2003-2006. NDV, RT-PCR
65  2007 [Attenuation of a genotype VIId Newcastle disease virus ZJI strain of goose origin by reverse genetics]. MDT, NDV, SPF
66  2006 A preliminary study of the role of ducks in the transmission of Newcastle disease virus to in-contact rural free-range chickens. HI, ND, NDV
67  2006 Enhancement of pathogenicity of Newcastle disease virus by alteration of specific amino acid residues in the surface glycoproteins F and HN. HN, NDV
68  2005 A retrospective description of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (H7N1/Carduelis/Germany/72) in a free-living siskin (Carduelis spinus Linnaeus, 1758) and its accidental transmission to yellow canaries (Serinus canaria Linnaeus, 1758). ---
69  2005 Biological and molecular characterization of Indian isolates of Newcastle disease virus from pigeons. FPCS, NDV
70  2005 Characterization of avian paramyxovirus type 1 strains isolated in Germany during 1992 to 1996. APMV, mAb
71  2005 Molecular characterization of virulent Newcastle disease virus isolates from chickens during the 1998 NDV outbreak in Kazakhstan. NDV
72  2005 Pathotyping of Newcastle disease virus isolates from pet birds. FPCS, NDV
73  2005 Quasispecies nature of an unusual avian paramyxovirus type-1 isolated from pigeons. APMV-1
74  2005 Toward a more humane intracerebral pathogenicity index that does not compromise virus pathogenicity ratings. ---
75  2004 Rapid pathotyping of Newcastle disease virus from allantoic fluid and organs of experimentally infected chickens using two novel probes. DIG, NDV
76  2003 Contribution of the length of the HN protein and the sequence of the F protein cleavage site to Newcastle disease virus pathogenicity. HN, NDV
77  2003 Effect of fusion protein cleavage site mutations on virulence of Newcastle disease virus: non-virulent cleavage site mutants revert to virulence after one passage in chicken brain. NDV
78  2003 Role of fusion protein cleavage site in the virulence of Newcastle disease virus. BC, IVPI, NDV
79  2003 Virulence of six heterogeneous-origin Newcastle disease virus isolates before and after sequential passages in domestic chickens. IVPI, NDV, YN
80  2002 Avian paramyxoviruses and influenza viruses isolated from mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) in New Zealand. APMV, IVPI, NP-B-ELISA
81  2002 Newcastle disease outbreaks in western China were caused by the genotypes VIIa and VIII. MDT, ND, NDV
82  2001 Characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated in Italy in 2000. ---
83  2001 Generation of a recombinant chimeric Newcastle disease virus vaccine that allows serological differentiation between vaccinated and infected animals. APMV-4, HN, NDV
84  2001 Rapid pathotyping of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) using fluorogenic probes in a PCR assay. NDV
85  2000 Characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from chickens and ducks in Tamilnadu, India. NDV
86  1999 Rescue of Newcastle disease virus from cloned cDNA: evidence that cleavability of the fusion protein is a major determinant for virulence. NDV
87  1998 [Occurrence of paramyxovirus 1 (PMV 1) infections in pigeons]. PMV 1
88  1992 Pathogenic properties of Newcastle disease virus isolates in the Sudan. ELD50, MDT, NDV
89  1991 Characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from pigeons in Italy. MDT, NDV
90  1991 [Vaccination against Newcastle disease with variants and differentiation between post-vaccinal and post-infectious antibodies]. NDV
91  1988 Virus distribution and histopathologic changes in organs of chickens inoculated with Newcastle disease virus (avian paramyxovirus-1) isolated from racing pigeons. MDT/MLD
92  1987 Characterization of Newcastle disease virus (avian paramyxovirus-1) isolated from pigeons. ---
93  1986 Pathogenicity for chickens of avian paramyxovirus type 1 isolates obtained from pigeons in Great Britain during 1983-85. IVPI
94  1984 Avian paramyxovirus type 1 infections of racing pigeons: 2 pathogenicity experiments in pigeons and chickens. IVPI
95  1980 An outbreak of Newcastle disease in a pheasant flock in Iraq. IVPI, MDT, NDV