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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : IQR / interquartile range

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Total Number of Papers: 16421
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Abbreviation:   IQR  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   interquartile range
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 "Burying" covered coronary stents under drug-eluting stents: A novel approach to ensure long-term stent patency. CS, DES, FU, ISR, ST
2021 #Menopause on Instagram: a mixed-methods study. MT, SD
2021 (TIMP2) x (IGFBP7) as early renal biomarker for the prediction of acute kidney injury in aortic surgery (TIGER). A single center observational study. IGFBP7, PO-AKI, TIMP-2
2021 10% Lidocaine spray as a local anesthetic in blood gas sampling: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. VAS
2021 100 days outcome of severe wasting in hospitalised infants <6 months of age. WLZ
2021 11C-Methionine PET/CT in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and inconclusive pre-operative imaging work-up: diagnostic accuracy and role of semi-quantitative analysis. FLV, PHPT, TLA
2021 123Iodine-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy versus whole-body magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging in children with high-risk neuroblastoma - pilot study. MIBG, SIOPEN
2021 2021 John Charnley Award: A protocol-based strategy when using hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures decreases mortality, length of stay, and complications. HA, THA
2021 24-Month Clinical, Immuno-Virological Outcomes, and HIV Status Disclosure in Adolescents Living With Perinatally-Acquired HIV in the IeDEA-COHADO Cohort in Togo and Côte d'Ivoire, 2015-2017. APHIV, ART
10  2021 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT integrating indocyanine green-guided salvage lymph node dissection for lymph node metastasis after radical prostatectomy. CT, ICG, PET, PSA, PSMA, rLNs, RP, sLND
11  2021 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET, 18F-PSMA-1007 PET, and MRI for Gross Tumor Volume Delineation in Primary Prostate Cancer: Intermodality and Intertracer Variability. 68Ga, bpMRI, GTV, GTV, PET, PSMA
12  2021 A 3D Hologram With Mixed Reality Techniques to Improve Understanding of Pulmonary Lesions Caused by COVID-19: Randomized Controlled Trial. ---
13  2021 A 3D printed cast for minimally invasive transfer of distal radius osteotomy: a cadaver study. ---
14  2021 A Bibliometric Analysis of the Top-Cited Articles on Diabetic Foot Ulcers. DFU
15  2021 A change in the timing for starting systemic therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma: the comparison of sorafenib and lenvatinib as the first-line treatment. HCC, ORR
16  2021 A co-designed integrated kidney and diabetes model of care improves mortality, glycaemic control and self-care. CKD, IRR
17  2021 A Combined Neutron and Proton Regimen for Advanced Salivary Tumors: Early Clinical Experience. ACC, BOS, CNS, CTCAE, LC, LET, nGy, NRT, OS, PB, PFS, PNI, RBE
18  2021 A Comparative Evaluation of Lateral Condylar Guidance by Clinical and Radiographic Methods - Hanau's Formula Revisited. CG
19  2021 A comparison of conventional and minimally invasive multilevel surgery for children with diplegic cerebral palsy. CP, GPS, MI-MLS
20  2021 A Comparison of Ferric Subsulfate Solution, Silver Nitrate, and Aluminum Chloride for Pain Assessment, Time to Hemostasis, and Cosmesis in Acrochordon Snip Excision. ---
21  2021 A comparison of intravenous methylprednisolone and hydrocortisone for the treatment of acute inflammatory bowel disease. CI, IBD, IVCS, IVHC, IVMP, OR
22  2021 A Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Bipedicled Total Abdominal versus Unipedicled Hemiabdominal Free Flaps for Unilateral Breast Reconstruction. BMI, SD
23  2021 A comparison of revascularization methods for peripheral arterial disease in diabetics: Changing trends in lower extremity revascularization from 2008 to 2014. CI, OR
24  2021 A comparison of stenting versus hemodialysis reliable outflow graft for hemodialysis patients with recurrent central venous obstructions. ---
25  2021 A Comparison of the Correlation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Score (SLE-DAS) with Health-Related Quality of Life. LupusQoL, SLE-DAS
26  2021 A Comparison of the Risk for Chronic Fascioliasis between Children 3 to 5 Years and Children 6 to 12 Years of Age in the Cusco Region of Peru. HAZ
27  2021 A cross sectional evaluation of the corona-score for swift identification of SARS-CoV-2 infection at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. CRP, LDH, ROC, RT-PCR
28  2021 A cross-sectional analysis of out-of-pocket expenses for people living with a cancer in rural and outer metropolitan Western Australia. CI, OOPE
29  2021 A cross-sectional study measuring contact patterns using diaries in an urban and a rural community in South Africa, 2018. ---
30  2021 A cross-sectional survey of preschool children: Exploring heavy metal exposure, neurotransmitters, and neurobehavioural relationships and mediation effects. ADHD, GABA, Glu, Gly, Ser
31  2021 A Cross-Sectional Survey on Professionals to Assess Health Needs of Newly Arrived Migrants in Spain. ---
32  2021 A Fast and Reliable Method to Interpret Short-Term Mortality in Perforated Peptic Ulcer: Red Cell Distribution Width is Sensitive and Specific. RDW
33  2021 A Hospital-Based Multi-Centric Study to Determine the Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Intussusception in Children < 2 Years in Rajasthan, India. ---
34  2021 A human-computer collaboration for COVID-19 differentiation: combining a radiomics model with deep learning and human auditing. AUC, CAP, CI, COVID-19, CT, DL, HU, LR, MLP, ROC, ROIs, RT-PCR, SVM, XGboost
35  2021 A Low-Cost Priapism Detumescence Simulator for Emergency Medicine Residents. ---
36  2021 A Machine Learning Approach to Uncovering Hidden Utilization Patterns of Early Childhood Dental Care Among Medicaid-Insured Children. ACO, ECDC, MAC
37  2021 A Multi-Institutional Experience with Robotic Vesicovaginal and Ureterovaginal Fistula Repair After Iatrogenic Injury. EBL, LOS, UGF, UVF, VVF
38  2021 A multi-institutional validation study of prognostic nomograms for retroperitoneal sarcoma. C-index, CI, DFS, DSS, MSK, OS, RPS
39  2021 A multicenter retrospective study into endogenous causes of uveitis in cats in the United Kingdom: Ninety two cases. FIP
40  2021 A multicenter study of animal-assisted activity and anxiety among older adults hospitalized in acute care settings. AAA, STAI-6
41  2021 A Multimodal Evaluation of an Emergency Department Electronic Tracking Board Utility Designed to Optimize Stretcher Utilization. ED, TST
42  2021 A Nomogram Prediction of Length of Hospital Stay in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. AUC, COVID-19, LOS
43  2021 A Nomogram-Based Prognostic Model for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients Treated with Sorafenib: A Multicenter Study. ECOG, HR, ITA.LI.CA, OS, PS
44  2021 A Novel Approach to Neonatal Resuscitation Education for Senior Emergency Medicine Residents. EM
45  2021 A Novel Artificial Urinary Sphincter (VICTO®) for the Management of Postprostatectomy Urinary Incontinence: Description of the Surgical Technique and Preliminary Results from a Multicenter Series. AUSs, RP, SUI
46  2021 A Novel Multiplexed Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of IgG Seroreactivity to Cytomegalovirus (CMV) UL144. CI, CMV, ELISA, OD
47  2021 A Novel Perioperative Multidose Methadone-Based Multimodal Analgesic Strategy in Children Achieved Safe and Low Analgesic Blood Methadone Levels Enabling Opioid-Sparing Sustained Analgesia With Minimal Adverse Effects. AAG, EDDP, PE, PONV, PSF
48  2021 A Phase I Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial of Valganciclovir in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. IPF
49  2021 A Principal Component of Quality of Life Measures Is Associated with Survival for Head and Neck Cancer Patients Treated with Radiation Therapy. HNC, HRQoL, OS, PC
50  2021 A prospective cohort study of ambient air pollution exposure and risk of uterine leiomyomata. CIs, HRs, PM2.5, PRESTO, UL
51  2021 A Prospective Cohort Study on Serum Sodium and Clinical Outcome in Pediatric Nontraumatic Coma. CNS, m-GCS, PICU, PRISM-III, SD
52  2021 A prospective study of patient-reported xerostomia-related outcomes after parotidectomy. XQ
53  2021 A Prospective Study on Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Patients With Lupus Nephritis Treated With an Intensified B-Cell Depletion Protocol Without Maintenance Therapy. CYC, IBCDT, LN, MMF, RTX
54  2021 A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Efficacy Study of a Prime Boost Therapeutic Vaccination Strategy in HIV-1-Infected Individuals: VRI02 ANRS 149 LIGHT Phase II Trial. ATI, cp, HIV-1, IL-2, TNF-alpha
55  2021 A randomized, double-blind study of iodine supplementation during pregnancy in Sweden: pilot evaluation of maternal iodine status and thyroid function. Tg, TPOAbs, TSH, UIC, WRA
56  2021 A Retrospective Observational Study to Determine the Early Predictors of In-hospital Mortality at Admission with COVID-19. COVID-19, CRP, LDH, OR, ROC, RT-PCR, SARS-CoV-2
57  2021 A retrospective review of the adverse effects of biological therapy and reasons for its discontinuation in a resource-limited setting. AS, CI, PTB, RA
58  2021 A retrospective study of adverse effects of mycophenolate mofetil administration to dogs with immune-mediated disease. AEs, GI, MMF
59  2021 A retrospective validation of different scores of guideline adherence and infectious diseases consultation on candidaemia: The higher, the better. ID
60  2021 A Serum Level of Squamous Cell Carcinoma Antigen as a Real-Time Biomarker of Atopic Dermatitis. AD, O-SCORAD, SCCA
61  2021 A simple "passive awareness" intervention to decrease the cost of thoracoscopic lobectomy. ---
62  2021 A single Epley manoeuvre can improve self-perceptions of disability (quality of life) in patients with pc-BPPV: A randomised controlled trial in primary care. DHI-S, DHT, EM, pc-BPPV
63  2021 A standardized telephone interview with validated questionnaires for very long-term evaluation of women lost to follow-up after a stress urinary incontinence procedure. AVWS, IIQ-7, LTF, QoL, SUI, UDI-6
64  2021 A Surgical Needs Assessment for Airway Rapid Responses: A Retrospective Observational Study. ARR
65  2021 A Systematic Literature Review of Packed Red Cell Transfusion Usage in Adult Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. CI, ECMO
66  2021 A Systematic Review of the Impact of Surgeon and Hospital Caseload Volume on Oncological and Nononcological Outcomes After Radical Prostatectomy for Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer. PCa, PSM, RoB, RP
67  2021 Abdominal Aortic Neck Wrap for Refractory Type 1a Endoleak: A Case Series and a Novel Intraoperative Assessment Technique. EVAR
68  2021 Abnormal pulmonary function and imaging studies in critical COVID-19 survivors at 100 days after the onset of symptoms. CT
69  2021 Accelerometer measured physical activity and the incidence of cardiovascular disease: Evidence from the UK Biobank cohort study. CVD, HRs, PA
70  2021 Access to emergency paediatric surgery for testicular torsion or intestinal volvulus in New Zealand: A system perspective. ---
71  2021 Accuracy of Administrative Database Algorithms for Hospitalized Pneumonia in Adults: a Systematic Review. ADAs
72  2021 Accuracy of digital complete-arch, multi-implant scans made in the edentulous jaw with gingival movement simulation: An in vitro study. CAD-CAM, CER, PS, TRC
73  2021 Accuracy of Smart Scales on Weight and Body Composition: Observational Study. DEXA
74  2021 Accuracy of the Radiographic Assessment of Lung Edema Score for the Diagnosis of ARDS. ARDS, ICU, RALE, ROC
75  2021 Accurate Measurement of Agatston Score Using kVp-Independent Reconstruction Algorithm for Ultra-High-Pitch Sn150 kVp CT. CACS, ICC, UHP
76  2021 Acquired perforating dermatoses show increased levels of cutaneous advanced glycation end-products. AD, AGEs, APDs, AU, EPS, HCs, KD, PF, RPC
77  2021 Activation of Vasopressin System During COVID-19 is Associated With Adverse Clinical Outcomes: An Observational Study. CI, SARS-CoV-2
78  2021 Acute ambient air pollution exposure and placental Doppler results in the NICHD fetal growth studies - Singleton cohort. OR, POM
79  2021 Acute Compartment Syndrome in Type IIIB Open Tibial Shaft Fractures Utilising a Two-Stage Orthoplastic Approach. ACS
80  2021 Acute effects of air pollution on lupus nephritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A multicenter panel study in China. CI, CO, GEE, LN, PM2.5, SLE
81  2021 Acute effects of particulate matter with different sizes on respiratory mortality in Shenzhen, China. COPD
82  2021 Acute Hypobaric and Hypoxic Preconditioning Reduces Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats. HIF1alpha
83  2021 Acute Kidney Injury and Early Predictive Factors in COVID-19 Patients. AKI, COVID-19, eGFR, HR
84  2021 Acute kidney injury in patients with COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study from Switzerland. AKI, aOR, CI, COVID-19, LASSO
85  2021 Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Children: Not All Admissions Are Equal: A Retrospective Study. AKI, PCICU
86  2021 Acute on chronic heart failure-Which variations on B-type natriuretic peptide levels? ADHF, BNP, ED, HF
87  2021 Acute Peritoneal Dialysis With Percutaneous Catheter Insertion for COVID-19-Associated Acute Kidney Injury in Intensive Care: Experience From a UK Tertiary Center. AKI, COVID-19, CRRT, ICU, PD, RRT, SOFA
88  2021 ADAMTS13 and von Willebrand factor assessment in steady state and acute vaso-occlusive crisis of sickle cell disease. ACS, MOF, SCD, VOC, vWF
89  2021 Adaptation of a respiratory service to provide CPAP for patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, outside of a critical care setting, in a district general hospital. CPAP, IMV
90  2021 Adaptive immune system in pulmonary sarcoidosis-Comparison of peripheral and alveolar biomarkers. BAL, CXCR, HC, SP
91  2021 Addition of plerixafor to G-CSF in poor mobilizing healthy related donors overcame mobilization failure: An observational case series on behalf of the Grupo Español de Trasplante Hematopoyético (GETH). GETH, GETH, HRD
92  2021 Adherence to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy in People Actively Using Drugs and Alcohol: The INCLUD Study. CI, HCV, HIV, PWUD, SVR, vDOT
93  2021 Adherence to prophylaxis and its association with activation of self-management and treatment satisfaction. PWH
94  2021 Adherence to self-administered biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs across health-system specialty pharmacies. bDMARDs, HSSPs, PDC, RA
95  2021 Adjunctive ketamine for sedation in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients: an active-controlled, pilot, feasibility clinical trial. CG, ICU, MV, RCT
96  2021 Adjuvant Pazopanib Versus Placebo After Nephrectomy in Patients With Localized or Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Final Overall Survival Analysis of the Phase 3 PROTECT Trial. BMI, OS, RCC
97  2021 Admission serum potassium levels and prognosis of vasospastic angina. VSA
98  2021 Adnexal torsion recurrence-is the adnexal twist degree a risk factor? A retrospective cohort study. OR
99  2021 Adolescent mid-shaft clavicular fracture displacement does not predict nonunion or inferior functional outcome at long-term follow-up. ---
100  2021 Adolescent-adult nonmetastatic Ewing sarcoma-Experience from a large developing country. AA-ES, EFS, EFT-2001, OS, PEC, PSC