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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : PhIP / 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine

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Abbreviation:   PhIP  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2022 A Prospective Pooled Analysis of Meat Mutagens and Colorectal Adenoma and Cancer in the US and EPIC Studies: Findings with an Emphasis on Improving Exposure Measurements. CRA, CRC, HCAs, MDM
2022 Advancing metabolic networks and mapping updated urinary metabolic fingerprints after exposure to typical carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amines. HAAs
2022 Assessment of heterocyclic aromatic amines contents in flamed and braised chicken in Burkina Faso. HAAs, IQ
2022 Effect of acrolein, a lipid oxidation product, on the formation of the heterocyclic aromatic amine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in model systems and roasted tilapia fish patties. ---
2022 Heterocyclic amines detected in cooked meats and fishes from street markets and restaurants in the city of Hanoi, Vietnam: A Pilot local field investigation findings in 2020. HAAs
2022 In vitro and in vivo low-dose exposure of simulated cooking oil fumes to assess adverse biological effects. COFs, HAAs, ROS, TDA
2022 Inhibitory Effect of Tamarix ramosissima Extract on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Roast Lamb Patties by Retarding the Consumption of Precursors and Preventing Free Radicals. ESR, HA, TRE
2022 Olive leaf (Olea europaea L. folium) extract influences liver microsomal detoxifying enzymes in rats orally exposed to 2-amino-l-methyI-6-phenyI-imidazo pyridine (PhIP). GC/MS, PAHs
2022 S-Allylcysteine Potently Protects against PhIP-Induced DNA Damage via Nrf2/AhR Signaling Pathway Modulation in Normal Human Colonic Mucosal Epithelial Cells. HO-1, Keap1, Nrf2, SAC
10  2022 Simultaneous kinetics formation of heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in phenylalanine model system. BbF, Ea, HCAs, PAHs
11  2022 Synergistic Inhibitory Effects of Selected Amino Acids on the Formation of 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in both Benzaldehyde- and Phenylacetaldehyde-Creatinine Model Systems. GC-MS
12  2022 The Cooked Meat Carcinogen 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine Hair Dosimeter, DNA Adductomics Discovery, and Associations with Prostate Cancer Pathology Biomarkers. BPH, HAA, LPO, PC
13  2022 The effect of PhIP precursors on the generation of particulate matter in cooking oil fumes at high cooking temperatures and the inflammation response in human lung cells. COFs, HCAs, PAHs
14  2021 Application of HepG2/C3A liver spheroids as a model system for genotoxicity studies. 2AA, 4NQO
15  2021 Bioinformatic Analysis Identified Hub Genes Associated with Heterocyclic Amines Induced Cytotoxicity of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. HCAs, IQ, PBMC
16  2021 Colon Cancer Risk of a Westernized Diet Is Reduced in Mice by Feeding Cruciferous or Apiaceous Vegetables at a Lower Dose of Carcinogen but Not a Higher Dose. APIs and CRUs, WD
17  2021 Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside and its metabolite protocatechuic acid ameliorate 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells by regulating apoptotic and Nrf2/p62 pathways. C3G, PCA
18  2021 Different properties of mammary carcinogenesis induced by two chemical carcinogens, DMBA and PhIP, in heterozygous BALB/c Trp53 knockout mice. DMBA, HRAS, Trp53
19  2021 Effects of ten vegetable oils on heterocyclic amine profiles in roasted beef patties using UPLC-MS/MS combined with principal component analysis. CO, GSO, HAs, IQx, OO, PO, RGO, RSO, SBO, SFO, TSO, WO
20  2021 Effects of the Deacetylation Degree of Chitosan on 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) Formation in Chemical Models and Beef Patties. DD
21  2021 Establishment of Novel Genotoxicity Assay System Using Murine Normal Epithelial Tissue-Derived Organoids. AA, MFs
22  2021 Formation and Prediction of PhIP, Harman, and Norharman in Chemical Model Systems Containing Epicatechin under Various Reaction Conditions. ---
23  2021 HepG2 spheroids as a biosensor-like cell-based system for (geno)toxicity assessment. DSB
24  2021 In vitro mutagenicity of selected environmental carcinogens and their metabolites in MutaMouse FE1 lung epithelial cells. 4-ABP, MF
25  2021 Induction of mismatch repair deficiency, compromised DNA damage signaling and compound hypermutagenesis by a dietary mutagen in a cell-based model for Lynch syndrome. CRC, DDS, LOH, mES, MMR
26  2021 Interaction pattern of histidine, carnosine and histamine with methylglyoxal and other carbonyl compounds. RT
27  2021 Shrimp as a substantial source of carcinogenic heterocyclic amines. AalphaC, DMIP, HAs
28  2021 Simultaneous quantitation of acrylamide, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine using UPLC-MS/MS. AA, HMF
29  2021 Sub-chronic exposure to PhIP induces oxidative damage and DNA damage, and disrupts the amino acid metabolism in the colons of Wistar rats. HCAs
30  2021 The dietary carcinogen PhIP activates p53-dependent DNA damage response in the colon of CYP1A-humanized mice. CYP1A2, hCYP1A
31  2021 The inhibitory effects of yellow mustard (Brassica juncea) and its characteristic pungent ingredient allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) on PhIP formation: Focused on the inhibitory pathways of AITC. AITC
32  2020 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine Induced Colon Injury by Disrupting the Intestinal Bacterial Composition and Lipid Metabolic Pathways in Rats. ---
33  2020 A Case-Control Study of Meat Mutagens and Colorectal Cancers in Viet Nam. CRC
34  2020 Biological significance of aminophenyl-beta-carboline derivatives formed from co-mutagenic action of beta-carbolines and aniline and o-toluidine and its effect on tumorigenesis in humans: A review. HCAs
35  2020 Caffeic acid assists microwave heating to inhibit the formation of mutagenic and carcinogenic PhIP. CV, MW
36  2020 Chinese chive and Mongolian leek suppress heterocyclic amine formation and enhance nutritional profile of roasted cod. HAs
37  2020 Colitis-induced IL11 promotes colon carcinogenesis. DSS, pSTAT3
38  2020 Colon Transcriptomics Reveals Sex-Dependent Metabolic Signatures in Response to 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine Treatment in C57BL/6N Mice. DEGs, HAAs
39  2020 Formation of a creatinine thermal degradation product and its role and participation in the radical pathway of forming the pyridine ring of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). DFT, IT-TOF-MS
40  2020 Heterocyclic aromatic amines in doner kebab: Quantitation using an efficient microextraction technique coupled with reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. ---
41  2020 Inhibitory effect of selected hydrocolloids on 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) formation in chemical models and beef patties. ---
42  2020 Isolation and structure elucidation of constituents of Citrus limon, Isodon japonicus, and Lansium domesticum as the cancer prevention agents. ---
43  2020 Isorhamnetin and Hispidulin from Tamarix ramosissima Inhibit 2-Amino-1-Methyl-6-Phenylimidazo[4,5-b]Pyridine (PhIP) Formation by Trapping Phenylacetaldehyde as a Key Mechanism. HAs, TRE, UPLC-MS
44  2020 Metformin potentiates the chemotherapeutic effects of doxorubicin on 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5b] pyridine-induced Mammary Carcinoma in rats. DOX, MET, SD
45  2020 Mutagenicity of 2-hydroxyamino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (N-OH-PhIP) in human TP53 knock-in (Hupki) mouse embryo fibroblasts. N-OH-PhIP, WGS
46  2020 Nano-sulforaphane attenuates PhIP-induced early abnormal embryonic neuro-development. HAA, NTDs, SFN
47  2020 Preparation of a Broad-Spectrum Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines (HAAs) Antibody and Its Application in Detection of Eight HAAs in Heat Processed Meat. 4,7,8-TriMeIQx, HAAs, icELISA, IQ
48  2020 Target-specific micronucleus induction by colon carcinogens: 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. DMH
49  2019 ABC transporters Mdr1a/1b, Bcrp1, Mrp2 and Mrp3 determine the sensitivity to PhIP/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis and inflammation. ABC, DSS, WT
50  2019 Anticancer effect of metformin against 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine-induced rat mammary carcinogenesis is through AMPK pathway and modulation of oxidative stress markers. AMPK
51  2019 Bioactivation of the tobacco carcinogens 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) and 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AalphaC) in human bladder RT4 cells. 2-NA, 4-ABP, AAs, BC, CYP1, HAAs
52  2019 Content, causes and analysis of heterocyclic amines in Chinese traditional braised chicken. ACs, AIAs, HCAs, PCA
53  2019 Effect of Different Amino Acids and Heating Conditions on the Formation of 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and Its Kinetics Formation Using Chemical Model System. Ea, HPLC-FLD
54  2019 Effect of the metabolic capacity in rat liver S9 on the positive results of in vitro micronucleus tests. BaP, BNF, CPA, MI, PB
55  2019 Evaluation of a 28-day repeated-dose micronucleus test in rat glandular stomach, colon, and liver using gastrointestinal tract-targeted genotoxic-carcinogens and non-carcinogens. GI, MN, MNU, NMUT
56  2019 Haas in grilled meat: Determination using an advanced lab-on-a-chip flat electromembrane extraction coupled with on-line HPLC. IQ, LOC-FLEME
57  2019 Indole: A Promising Scavenging Agent for Methylglyoxal and Related Carbonyls in Tryptophan Containing Maillard Model Systems. ---
58  2019 Neuromelanin Modulates Heterocyclic Aromatic Amine-Induced Dopaminergic Neurotoxicity. HAAs, PD
59  2019 Three-dimensional HepaRG spheroids as a liver model to study human genotoxicity in vitro with the single cell gel electrophoresis assay. 2,4-DAT, 2-AAF, 4-NQO, CPA, DMBA, MMS
60  2018 2,6-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone, isolation and identification of anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory component from the juice of Vitis coignetiae. DBQ
61  2018 A comparison of mutagenic PhIP and beneficial 8-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin and 6-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin formation under microwave and conventional heating. 6-CEPQ, 8-CEPQ
62  2018 Alterations in the nigrostriatal dopamine system after acute systemic PhIP exposure. HCAs, PD
63  2018 Apiaceous Vegetables and Cruciferous Phytochemicals Reduced PhIP-DNA Adducts in Prostate but Not in Pancreas of Wistar Rats. API, CRU
64  2018 Biomonitoring an albumin adduct of the cooked meat carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in humans. ALB, LOD
65  2018 Dose-dependent synergistic and antagonistic mutation responses of binary mixtures of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene with food-derived carcinogens. AC, BaP, GA, MF, TK
66  2018 Early detection of prostate carcinogens by immunohistochemistry of HMGB2. HMGB2
67  2018 Ethanol potentiates the genotoxicity of the food-derived mammary carcinogen PhIP in human estrogen receptor-positive mammary cells: mechanistic support for lifestyle factors (cooked red meat and ethanol) associated with mammary cancer. AhR, ERalpha, ROS
68  2018 Genotoxicity of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) on freshly isolated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and prevention by phenolic extracts derived from olive, olive oil and olive leaves. HCAs, IQ, PBMC
69  2018 Inhibitory effect of mixture herbs/spices on formation of heterocyclic amines and mutagenic activity of grilled beef. HCAs, SPE
70  2018 Inhibitory effects of catechins on beta-carbolines in tea leaves and chemical model systems. ---
71  2018 Metabolic Activation of the Cooked Meat Carcinogen 2-Amino-1-Methyl-6-Phenylimidazo[4,5-b]Pyridine in Human Prostate. HAA, HONH-PhIP, NATs
72  2018 Selective dopaminergic neurotoxicity of three heterocyclic amine subclasses in primary rat midbrain neurons. AIA, HCAs, PD
73  2018 Structures and Antimutagenic Effects of Onoceranoid-Type Triterpenoids from the Leaves of Lansium domesticum. ---
74  2018 The effects of different frying oils on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in meatballs and the changes in fatty acid compositions of meatballs and frying oils. HCAs, MUFA, PUFA, SFAs
75  2017 A miRNA signature for an environmental heterocyclic amine defined by a multi-organ carcinogenicity bioassay in the rat. HCAs, KLF4, miRNA
76  2017 A Rapid Throughput Method To Extract DNA from Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissues for Biomonitoring Carcinogenic DNA Adducts. 4-ABP, AAI, FFPE
77  2017 Divergent roles of p120-catenin isoforms linked to altered cell viability, proliferation, and invasiveness in carcinogen-induced rat skin tumors. ---
78  2017 Formation of heterocyclic amines in Chinese marinated meat: effects of animal species and ingredients (rock candy, soy sauce and rice wine). HAAs
79  2017 In vitro exposure of simulated meat-cooking fumes to assess adverse biological effects. ---
80  2017 Lactoperoxidase, an Antimicrobial Milk Protein, as a Potential Activator of Carcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines in Breast Cancer. IQ, LPO
81  2017 Metabolism of Foodborne Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016. HAA, IQ, PhIP-M1
82  2017 Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) of Phenolics for 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) Formation in Phenylalanine/Creatinine Reaction Mixtures Including (or Not) Oxygen and Lipid Hydroperoxides. SAR
83  2017 The effects of different spices and fat types on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in barbecued sucuk. HCA
84  2017 Unraveling the inhibitory effect of dihydromyricetin on heterocyclic aromatic amines formation. DMY, HAAs
85  2016 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b) pyridine (PhIP) induces gene expression changes in JAK/STAT and MAPK pathways related to inflammation, diabetes and cancer. Egr-1, HCA, IBP5
86  2016 8-C-(E-phenylethenyl)quercetin from onion/beef soup induces autophagic cell death in colon cancer cells through ERK activation. 8-CEPQ, ERK, MEK
87  2016 A Prospective Analysis of Meat Mutagens and Colorectal Cancer in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. CIs, CRC, HCAs, HPFS, HRs, MDM, MeIQx, NHS
88  2016 Acid-labile protein-adducted heterocyclic aromatic amines in human blood are not viable biomarkers of dietary exposure: A systematic study. HCA
89  2016 Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation and CYP1A induction by cooked food-derived carcinogenic heterocyclic amines in human HepG2 cell lines. hAhR, HCAs
90  2016 Bioactivation of Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by UDP Glucuronosyltransferases. Gluc, HAA, HONH-PhIP, UGT
91  2016 delta- and gamma-tocopherols inhibit phIP/DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis by protection against early cellular and DNA damages. DSS, hCYP1A
92  2016 DNA adducts induced by food mutagen PhIP in a mouse model expressing human sulfotransferases 1A1 and 1A2. C8-PhIP-dG, SULTs, WT
93  2016 Dose validation of PhIP hair level as a biomarker of heterocyclic aromatic amines exposure: a feeding study. ---
94  2016 Effects of some cations on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in a model system. ---
95  2016 Effects of waxy rice starch and short chain amylose (SCA) on the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in a model system. SCA
96  2016 From the Cover: PhIP/DSS-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis in CYP1A-Humanized Mice and the Possible Role of Lgr5+ Stem Cells. CRC, DSS
97  2016 Human T lymphocytes bioactivate heterocyclic aromatic amines by forming DNA adducts. HAA
98  2016 Impact of DNA repair on the dose-response of colorectal cancer formation induced by dietary carcinogens. BER, CRC, HCAs, MGMT, NER, NOC, O6-MeG, PoDs
99  2016 Inhibition of 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) Formation by Alkoxy Radical Scavenging of Flavonoids and Their Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship in a Model System. ---
100  2016 Inhibitory Effect of Rosa rugosa Tea Extract on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Meat Patties at Different Temperatures. HCAs, RTE