A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Abbreviation / Long Form : SPF / specific pathogen-free

[Related PubMed/MEDLINE]
Total Number of Papers: 1814
[Display Entries]
100 entries :
     (Publication year, Descending)
100 entries :
     (Publication year, Ascending)
>> all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Abbreviation:   SPF  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   specific pathogen-free
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
 Pair(Abbreviation/Long Form) Variation
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2022 4cRNA NEAT1 Sponge Adsorption of miR-378 Modulates Activity of Lipopolysaccharide-treated Articular Chondrocytes and Influences the Pathological Development of Osteoarthritis. Inh-miR-378, lncRNA, LPS, miR-378, MUT, NC-miR-378, NC-NEAT1, NEAT1, NEAT1, OA, PCR, qRT, SD
2022 A gut-oral microbiome-driven axis controls oropharyngeal candidiasis through retinoic acid. GF, RA, RARalpha, SFB
2022 A Recombinant Turkey Herpesvirus Expressing the F Protein of Newcastle Disease Virus Genotype XII Generated by NHEJ-CRISPR/Cas9 and Cre-LoxP Systems Confers Protection against Genotype XII Challenge in Chickens. CRISPR, dpc, ELISA, IFA, NDV, NHEJ, UL, wtHVT
2022 Absence of Gut Microbiota Is Associated with RPE/Choroid Transcriptomic Changes Related to Age-Related Macular Degeneration Pathobiology and Decreased Choroidal Neovascularization. AMD, CNV, DEGs, GF, RPE
2022 Adaptation of Two Wild Bird-Origin H3N8 Avian Influenza Viruses to Mammalian Hosts. AIVs, LPAIVs
2022 Animal unit hygienic conditions influence mouse intestinal microbiota and contribute to T-cell-mediated colitis. IBD
2022 Avian Reoviruses From Wild Birds Exhibit Pathogenicity to Specific Pathogen Free Chickens by Footpad Route. ARVs, dpi, RSS, RT-PCR, VA
2022 Characterization of genotoxin-encoding Escherichia coli isolated from specific-pathogen free cats with impaired fertility. CDT, CNF
2022 Characterization of the Protective Efficacy Against QX Strain of a Recombinant Infectious Bronchitis Virus With H120 Backbone and QX Spike Gene. IBV
10  2022 Circulating gut microbiota-related metabolites influence endothelium plaque lesion formation in ApoE knockout rats. GF
11  2022 Combined Intestinal Metabolomics and Microbiota Analysis for Acute Endometritis Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in Mice. LC-MS, LPS
12  2022 Commensal oral microbiota induces osteoimmunomodulatory effects separate from systemic microbiome in mice. GF
13  2022 Commercial vaccines used in China do not protect against a novel infectious bursal disease virus variant isolated in Fujian. IBDV
14  2022 Comparative Analysis of Colon Cancer-Derived Fusobacterium nucleatum Subspecies: Inflammation and Colon Tumorigenesis in Murine Models. CRC, GF, WGS
15  2022 Complete Genome Analysis and Animal Model Development of Fowl Adenovirus 8b. FAdV, IBH
16  2022 Curcumol increases the sensitivity of colon cancer to 5-FU by regulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling. 5-FU, CCK-8, FITC, MDR, MRP2, P-gp, PCNA, VEGF
17  2022 Current status of infection with infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) in the Peruvian and Ecuadorian shrimp industry. IHHNV
18  2022 Dexmedetomidine inhibits cerebral nerve cell apoptosis after cerebral hemorrhage in rats via the Nrf2/HO-1/NQO1 signaling pathway. Bax, Bcl-2, CH, HO-1, MDA, NQO1, Nrf2, OGD, shRNA, SOD, TUNEL
19  2022 Domestic poultry are not susceptible to avian-origin H3N2 subtype canine influenza A virus. H3N2 CIV
20  2022 Effect and Mechanism of Bifidobacterium animalis B94 in the Prevention and Treatment of Liver Injury in Rats. ---
21  2022 Effect of in ovo administration of Newcastle disease vaccine conjugated with Astragalus polysaccharide on growth performance, intestinal development, and mucosal immunity in broiler chickens. APS, CD, FCR, FW, NDV, NDV, VH
22  2022 Effects of a Chinese herbal extract on the intestinal tract and aquaporin in Adriamycin-induced nephropathy. ADH, AQP, AVP, cAMP
23  2022 Effects of Clostridium butyricum on intestinal environment and gut microbiome under Salmonella infection. C. butyricum, S. Enteritidis
24  2022 Effects of Stellera chamaejasme on microvascular density and apoptosis of cancer cells in a rat bladder tumor model. Fas, FasL, H-dose, HE, L-dose, M-dose, MNU, SD, VEGF
25  2022 Electromagnetic Force-Driven Needle-Free in Ovo Injection Device. ---
26  2022 Evaluation of cell-mediated immunity of E.coli nanovaccines in chickens. CSC-O-F, CSL-O-F, OF
27  2022 Evolution, Transmission, and Pathogenicity of High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus A (H5N8) Clade, South Korea, 2014-2016. DTA, HPAIV
28  2022 Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Reshapes the Physiological Function of the Intestine in Antibiotic-Treated Specific Pathogen-Free Birds. FMT, IBF
29  2022 Genetic and pathogenic characteristics of a novel infectious bronchitis virus strain in genogroup VI (CK/CH/FJ/202005). dpi, GVI, IBV
30  2022 Genetic diversity and pathogenicity of novel chicken astrovirus in China. CAstV
31  2022 Genomic Characterization of CIAV Detected in Contaminated Attenuated NDV Vaccine: Epidemiological Evidence of Source and Vertical Transmission From SPF Chicken Embryos in China. CIAV, NDV, nt
32  2022 Human gut microbiota after bariatric surgery alters intestinal morphology and glucose absorption in mice independently of obesity. BPD-DS, LSG, SGLT, T2D
33  2022 Immune dysfunction following severe trauma: A systems failure from the central nervous system to mitochondria. CNS, DAMPs, HPA, PAMPs
34  2022 Immunopathogenesis of the Canadian Delmarva (DMV/1639) infectious bronchitis virus (IBV): Impact on the reproductive tract in layers. dpi, IBV
35  2022 Infection dynamics of Salmonella Infantis vary considerably between chicken lines. ---
36  2022 Infectious Bronchitis Virus Infection Increases Pathogenicity of H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus by Inducing Severe Inflammatory Response. AIV, IBV
37  2022 Interleukin-37 exacerbates experimental colitis in an intestinal microbiome-dependent fashion. DSS, FMT, IBD, IL-37
38  2022 Intestinal Microbiota and Serum Metabolic Profile Responded to Two Nutritional Different Diets in Mice. GF, MDA
39  2022 Ketogenic Diet Modulates Neuroinflammation via Metabolites from Lactobacillus reuteri After Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Adolescent Mice. 3-IAA, AhR, betaHB, KD, L. reuteri, MyD88, rmTBI, TBI, TLR4
40  2022 Long read sequencing revealed proventricular virome of broiler chicken with transmission viral proventriculitis. CAV, GyG1, GyH1, TVP
41  2022 Maternal Gut Microbiome Decelerates Fetal Endochondral Bone Formation by Inducing Inflammatory Reaction. GF, IL
42  2022 Maternal microbiota-derived metabolic profile in fetal murine intestine, brain and placenta. GF
43  2022 Method for absolute quantification of short chain fatty acids via reverse phase chromatography mass spectrometry. ---
44  2022 Microbial pathogens induce neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease mice: protection by microglial regulation. AD, LPS, PAMPs, TLR
45  2022 Modified Banxia Xiexin Decoction Ameliorates Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome With Insulin Resistance by Regulating Intestinal Microbiota. PCOS-IR, SD
46  2022 Molecular Detection and Genetic Characterization of Potential Zoonotic Swine Enteric Viruses in Northern China. EMCV, PAstV, PKV, PSaV, RT-PCR
47  2022 Neuroprotective investigation of tanshinone in the cerebral infarction model in the Keap1-Nrf2/ARE pathway. ARE, Keap1, SD
48  2022 Oncolytic Activity of a Chimeric Influenza A Virus Carrying a Human CTLA4 Antibody in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. HA, PR8
49  2022 Phylogenetic and pathogenic characterization of current fowl adenoviruses in China. FAdVs, HHS, IBH
50  2022 Polymicrobial oral conventionalization model in mice. CONV
51  2022 Pomegranate peel anthocyanins prevent diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in association with modulation of the gut microbiota in mice. HFD, PPA
52  2022 Pro-mutagenic effects of the gut microbiota in a Lynch syndrome mouse model. CRC
53  2022 Production of High-titer Recombinant Newcastle Disease Virus from Allantoic Fluid. NDV, rNDV
54  2022 Protective and aggressive bacterial subsets and metabolites modify hepatobiliary inflammation and fibrosis in a murine model of PSC. BA, GF, PSC, SCFAs
55  2022 Reproductive failure in an Austrian piglet-producing farm due to porcine circovirus genotype 2d. PCV2
56  2022 Research on Mechanism of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles in Activating Endoplasmic Reticulum and Prompting Apoptosis of Liver Cells Through Mediation of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α/Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1 (TNF-α/TNFR1) Pathway. ER, SPIONPs
57  2022 Safety of bivalent live attenuated Salmonella vaccine and its protection against bacterial shedding and tissue invasion in layers challenged with Salmonella. SE
58  2022 Smallpox vaccination induces a substantial increase in commensal skin bacteria that promote pathology and influence the host response. GF, VACV
59  2022 Study on the mechanism of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection on chicken tracheal mucosa injury. CRD, DEGs, TJ
60  2022 The baseline immunological and hygienic status of pigs impact disease severity of African swine fever. ASFV
61  2022 The Diverse Major Histocompatibility Complex Haplotypes of a Common Commercial Chicken Line and Their Effect on Marek's Disease Virus Pathogenesis and Tumorigenesis. MDV, MHC
62  2022 The Role of Hexon Amino Acid 188 Varies in Fowl Adenovirus Serotype 4 Strains with Different Virulence. aa188, FAdV-4, HHS
63  2022 Thermoresistant Newcastle disease vaccine effectively protects SPF, native, and commercial chickens in challenge with virulent virus. HI, NDV, vNDV
64  2022 Total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae protect hepatocytes against aflatoxin B1-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in broiler chickens. AFB1, ALT, AST, T-SOD, TFRD
65  2022 Uts2b is a microbiota-regulated gene expressed in vagal afferent neurons connected to enteroendocrine cells producing cholecystokinin. CCK, EECs, GF, NPG, UTS2B
66  2021 A comprehensive approach for microbiota and health monitoring in mouse colonies using metagenomic shotgun sequencing. NGS
67  2021 A convenient polyculture system that controls a shrimp viral disease with a high transmission rate. WSS, WSSV
68  2021 A New Precision Minimally Invasive Method of Glial Scar Simulation in the Rat Spinal Cord Using Cryoapplication. SCI, SD
69  2021 A novel model of early type 1 diabetes mellitus: The chick embryo air sack model. ASM, CAMM, DM
70  2021 A Two-Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study of Lanthanum Nitrate in SD Rats. SD
71  2021 An unusual case of haemorrhagic bursa in a pullet flock associated with a genogroup 2 infectious bursal disease virus. IBD
72  2021 Animal models of cough. ---
73  2021 Antibiotic Conditioning and Single Gavage Allows Stable Engraftment of Human Microbiota in Mice. HMA
74  2021 Antigenic and Molecular Characterization of Virulent Newcastle Disease Viruses Circulating in Ethiopia Between 1976 and 2008. ECE, HA, HI, ICPI, NDV
75  2021 Antimicrobial-induced oral dysbiosis exacerbates naturally occurring alveolar bone loss. ---
76  2021 Antioxidant effects of piperine on steroid-induced hepatotoxicity. GCs, HC, MDA, PBS, PIP, TAS, TOS
77  2021 AQP2 as a target of lycopene protects against atrazine-induced renal ionic homeostasis disturbance. AQPs, ATR, LYC
78  2021 Avenanthramide Metabotype from Whole-Grain Oat Intake is Influenced by Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in Healthy Adults. AVAs, DH-AVAs, GF, WG
79  2021 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B10 can alleviate liver apoptosis and oxidative stress induced by aflatoxin B1. AFB1
80  2021 Bacteria induce skin regeneration via IL-1β signaling. GF, WIHN
81  2021 Berberine ameliorates ovariectomy-induced anxiety-like behaviors by enrichment in equol generating gut microbiota. BBR, GF, LC/MS
82  2021 Changes in aortic collagen in β-aminopropionitrile-induced acute aortic dissection. AAD, BAPN, ECM, MMP, SD
83  2021 Characterization of Co-infection With Fowl Adenovirus Serotype 4 and 8a. FAdV-4, FAdVs, TUNEL
84  2021 Comparative pathogenicity of Malaysian variant and very virulent infectious bursal disease viruses in chickens. BBIX, dpc, vaIBDV
85  2021 Comparison of four commercially available point-of-care tests to detect antibodies against canine distemper virus in dogs. CDV, NPV, OA, PPV, VN
86  2021 Curcumin reduces enteric isoprostane 8-iso-PGF2alpha and prostaglandin GF2alpha in specific pathogen-free Leghorn chickens challenged with Eimeria maxima. PGF2 alpha
87  2021 Danggui Buxue Tang Ameliorates Bleomycin-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis by Suppressing the TLR4/NLRP3 Signaling Pathway in Rats. alpha-SMA, BLM, DBT, HA, Hyp, IL-1beta, MPO, PF, SD, TNF-alpha
88  2021 Deer antler extract potentially facilitates xiphoid cartilage growth and regeneration and prevents inflammatory susceptibility by regulating multiple functional genes. DAE, qRT-PCR, SD, XC
89  2021 Deprivation of dietary fiber in specific-pathogen-free mice promotes susceptibility to the intestinal mucosal pathogen Citrobacter rodentium. ---
90  2021 Design and Characterization of a DNA Vaccine Based on Spike with Consensus Nucleotide Sequence against Infectious Bronchitis Virus. IBV
91  2021 Development of a Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RPA) assay for acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) detection in Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei). AHPND, RPA
92  2021 Dietary Bacillus subtilis C-3102 Supplementation Enhances the Exclusion of Salmonella enterica from Chickens. ---
93  2021 Dietary Inulin Supplementation Modulates Short-Chain Fatty Acid Levels and Cecum Microbiota Composition and Function in Chickens Infected With Salmonella. CON, SCFAs, SE
94  2021 Different Sensitivity of Japanese Native-Bred Chickens to H5 Subtypes of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses. chicken-14, chicken-16, duck-11, HPAIVs
95  2021 Discrepancies in the efficacy of H5 inactivated avian influenza vaccines in specific-pathogen-free chickens against challenge with the Egyptian H5N8 clade Group B virus isolated in 2018. AI, H5N8, H5N8, PC, PV, S/C
96  2021 Does Gabapentin Affect Neural Tube Development? Experimental Study Using an Early Stage Chick Embryo Model. ESCE, GBP
97  2021 Dynamic Changes in the Expression of Interferon-Stimulated Genes in Joints of SPF Chickens Infected With Avian Reovirus. ARV, DDIT4, IFI6, IFIT5, IFITM3, IFNs, ISG12, ISGs, Mx, OAS, PKR, VIPERIN, ZFP313
98  2021 Effect of buscopan, a compound that alleviates cramps, on the developing nervous system of the chick embryo. AgNOR, NT, TAA/NA
99  2021 Effect of Electroacupuncture at Siguan Acupoints on Expression of BDNF and TrkB Proteins in the Hippocampus of Post-Stroke Depression Rats. BDNF, PSD, SD, TrkB
100  2021 Effect of Impaired T Cell Receptor Signaling on the Gut Microbiota in a Mouse Model of Systemic Autoimmunity. GF, IL-17, SFB, SLE, TCR