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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : ST / smokeless tobacco

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Abbreviation:   ST  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   smokeless tobacco
 Abbreviation Variation
 Long Form Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 Absolute and Relative Smokeless Tobacco Product Risk Perceptions: Developing and Validating New Measures that are Up-to-Snuff. ---
2021 An in vitro Study of Constituents Released From Smokeless Tobacco Products Into Human Saliva. HPHCs, TSNAs
2021 Biomarkers of Potential Harm among Adult Cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Users in the PATH Study Wave 1 (2013-2014): A Cross-sectional Analysis. BOPH, sICAM-1
2021 Correlation between cotinine urinary levels & cardiovascular autonomic function tests among smokeless tobacco chewers: A cross-sectional study. CVD, DBP, HR, NTC, SBP, STC
2021 Incidental Finding of Oral White Lesions Due to Tobacco Chewing - A Case Report. ---
2021 Smokeless Tobacco Initiation, Use, and Cessation in South Asia: A Qualitative Assessment. ---
2021 Smokeless Tobacco Point of Sale Advertising, Placement and Promotion: Associations With Store and Neighborhood Characteristics. aPR
2021 Smokeless tobacco policy in Bangladesh: A stakeholder study of compatibility with the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. FCTC
2021 Smokeless tobacco products, supply chain and retailers' practices in England: a multimethods study to inform policy. ---
10  2020 Compliance of smokeless tobacco supply chain actors and products with tobacco control laws in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: protocol for a multicentre sequential mixed-methods study. FCTC, POS
11  2020 Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of the Severson 7-Item Smokeless Tobacco Dependence Scale (SSTDS). SSTDS
12  2020 Evaluation of systemic inflammatory and thrombotic markers of cardiovascular risk among young Indian oral tobacco users. IL, NLR, TNF-alpha
13  2020 Evaluation of the effect of smokeless tobacco (Maras powder) on choroidal and retinal blood flow: an optical coherence tomography angiography study. DCP, OCTA, SCP, SFCT, VD
14  2020 Feasibility of a text-based reduction intervention in helping rural and underserved smokeless tobacco users quit. SGR
15  2020 Global burden of disease due to smokeless tobacco consumption in adults: an updated analysis of data from 127 countries. PAF
16  2020 Global impact of tobacco control policies on smokeless tobacco use: a systematic review protocol. FCTC
17  2020 Initial Information on a Novel Nicotine Product. ---
18  2020 LC-MS/MS Analysis of Sugars, Alditols, and Humectants in Smokeless Tobacco Products. ---
19  2020 Predictors of Cigarette Smoking, Smokeless Tobacco Consumption, and Use of both forms in Adolescents in South Asia: A Secondary Analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Surveys. CI, GYTS, RRR
20  2020 Prenatal Exposure to Gutkha, a Globally Relevant Smokeless Tobacco Product, Induces Hepatic Changes in Adult Mice. GD, HFD, IL, NAFLD
21  2020 Prevalence, patterns and sociocultural factors associated with use of tobacco-based dentifrices (Gul) in India. ---
22  2020 Promoting Tobacco Use Among Students: The U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company College Marketing Program. SRITA, USST
23  2020 Smokeless Tobacco Use in Iran: A Systematic Review. SID
24  2020 Smokeless Tobacco Use, Cigarette Smoking, and Upper Aerodigestive Tract Cancers: A Case-Control Study in the Batna Region, Algeria, 2008-2011. CI, ORs, UADT
25  2019 Age of initiation of cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use among western Alaska Native people: Secondary analysis of the WATCH study. AN, WATCH
26  2019 An exploration of smokeless tobacco product nucleic acids: a combined metagenome and metatranscriptome analysis. TSNAs
27  2019 Effect of a Responsiveness-Based Support Intervention on Smokeless Tobacco Cessation: The UCare-ChewFree Randomized Clinical Trial. ---
28  2019 Evaluation of tobacco dependence measures in South Asian smokeless tobacco users. OSSTD, TDS
29  2019 Genotoxicity of yellow shammah (smokeless tobacco) in murine bone marrow cells in vivo. AM, BM, CA, CMC, CP, MN, MNPCE, NC, PC, YS
30  2019 Identification of Policy Priorities to Address the Burden of Smokeless Tobacco in Pakistan: A Multimethod Analysis. ---
31  2019 Influence of gender and peer tobacco use on tobacco use intentions after a period of involuntary tobacco abstinence among U.S. Air Force trainees. BMT, USAF
32  2019 Mortality among male smokers and smokeless tobacco users in the USA. NHIS
33  2019 Predicting smokeless tobacco initiation and re-initiation in the United States Air Force. USAF
34  2018 A National Comparison of Dual Users of Smokeless Tobacco and Cigarettes and Exclusive Cigarette Smokers, 2015-2016. aORs, MSA
35  2018 Ameliorating effects of Nigella sativa oil on aggravation of inflammation, oxidative stress and cytotoxicity induced by smokeless tobacco extract in an allergic asthma model in Wistar rats. IL-4, NO, NSO, OVA
36  2018 Cigarette and Smokeless Tobacco Perception Differences of Rural Male Youth. ---
37  2018 Engaging Smokeless Tobacco Users in Population-Based Cessation Services: Findings From an Observational Study. ---
38  2018 Epidemiologic Pattern and Types of Oral Smokeless Tobacco Usage in Saudi Arabia. KSA, PM
39  2018 Smokeless Tobacco and Cigar and/or Pipe Are Risk Factors for Barrett Esophagus in Male Patients With Gastroesophageal RefluxDisease. BE, CP, GERD, OR
40  2018 Tobacco and electronic cigarette products: awareness, cessation attitudes, and behaviours among general practitioners. EC, GP, WTS
41  2018 Urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3) pyridyl-1-butanol and cotinine in Alaska native postpartum women and neonates comparing smokers and smokeless tobacco users. AN, NNAL
42  2017 A Policy Perspective on the Global Use of Smokeless Tobacco. FCTC
43  2017 Adolescents' smokeless tobacco susceptibility by perceived professional baseball players' use. ---
44  2017 Cytological and cytomorphometric characteristics of buccal mucosa cells from smokeless tobacco users. CD, N/C, ND
45  2017 Detection of cytological changes in oral mucosa among users of smokeless tobacco (shamma) in the KSA. ---
46  2017 Differences in the Bacteriome of Smokeless Tobacco Products with Different Oral Carcinogenicity: Compositional and Predicted Functional Analysis. PICRUSt, qPCR
47  2017 Economic cost of tobacco-related cancers in Sri Lanka. ---
48  2017 Efficacy of periimplant mechanical curettage with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in smokeless-tobacco product users. aPDT, BOP, MC, PD, PI
49  2017 Health Care Utilization and Expenditures Attributable to Smokeless Tobacco Use Among US Adults. ER, ZIP
50  2017 High tobacco use prevalence with significant regional and sex differences in smokeless tobacco use among Western Alaska Native people: the WATCH study. AN, YK
51  2017 Perceived Flavored Smokeless Tobacco Ease-of-use and Youth Susceptibility. ---
52  2017 Psychometric Properties of Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence for Smokeless Tobacco Users (FTND-ST). FTND
53  2017 Shammah (Smokeless Tobacco) and Public Health ---
54  2017 ST product characteristics and relationships with perceptions and behaviors among rural adolescent males: a qualitative study. ---
55  2017 [Effect of tobacco extracts on human gingival fibroblasts' proliferation and fibronectin expression]. FN, HGFs
56  2016 Assessing the Risk of Oral Cancer associated with Gutka and Other Smokeless Tobacco Products: A Case-control Study. OR
57  2016 Assessment of the Tobacco Dependence Screener Among Smokeless Tobacco Users. FTND, ROC, TDS
58  2016 Characterization of Bacterial Communities in Selected Smokeless Tobacco Products Using 16S rDNA Analysis. ---
59  2016 Determinants of Salivary Cotinine among Smokeless Tobacco Users: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Bangladesh. ---
60  2016 Fetal Exposure to Carcinogens With Tobacco Use in Pregnancy: Phase 1 MAW Study Findings. AN
62  2016 Smokeless Tobacco and Stroke - A Clinico-epidemiological Follow-up Study in A Tertiary Care Hospital. ---
63  2016 Smokeless Tobacco Decision-Making Among Rural Adolescent Males in California. ---
64  2016 The Effect of Tobacco Control Policies on US Smokeless Tobacco Use: A Structured Review. ---
65  2016 Tobacco industry use of flavourings to promote smokeless tobacco products. ---
66  2016 Toxicity of Smokeless Tobacco Extract after 184-Day Repeated Oral Administration in Rats. SD, STE
67  2016 Use of smokeless tobacco and risk of cardiovascular disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CI, CVD, IHD, ORs, RRs
68  2015 A cross-sectional study of biomarkers of exposure and effect in smokers and moist snuff consumers. BioExp, MSC, NTC, SMK
69  2015 Comparative Evaluation of the Impact of Subacute Exposure of Smokeless Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke on Rat Testis. TS
70  2015 Do Socioeconomic Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Extend to Smokeless Tobacco Use? SES
71  2015 Interventions for smokeless tobacco use cessation. CI, RR, RRs
72  2015 Nicotine lozenges and behavioural interventions may help smokeless tobacco users to quit. CENTRAL, CI, NRT
73  2015 Risk perceptions of smokeless tobacco among adolescent and adult users and nonusers. ---
74  2015 Screening for smokeless tobacco use and presence of oral lesions in major league baseball athletes. MiLB, MLB, OML
75  2015 Smokeless tobacco use in India: Role of prices and advertising. GATS
76  2015 Tobacco use transitions in the United States: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. ---
77  2015 Validation of a Measure of Normative Beliefs About Smokeless Tobacco Use. MRTPs
78  2014 A review of Indian literature for association of smokeless tobacco with malignant and premalignant diseases of head and neck region. IARC
79  2014 Dual tobacco user subtypes in the U.S. Air Force: dependence, attitudes, and other correlates of use. USAF
80  2014 Examining vulnerability to smokeless tobacco use among adolescents and adults meeting diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder. NSDUH
81  2014 Maternal smokeless tobacco use and adverse pregnancy outcome. ---
82  2014 Maternal Smokeless Tobacco Use in Pregnancy and Adverse Health Outcomes in Newborns: A Systematic Review. LBW, SGA
83  2014 Nicotine Absorption from Smokeless Tobacco Modified to Adjust pH. ---
84  2014 Plasma paraoxonase and arylesterase activities in smokers and smokeless tobacco users as Maras powder. ARE, CG, MDA, MP, MPU, OS, PON
85  2014 Psychosocial correlates of smokeless tobacco use among Indiana adolescents. ---
86  2014 Randomized trial of nicotine lozenges and phone counseling for smokeless tobacco cessation. ITT
87  2014 Smokeless tobacco (shammah) in Saudi Arabia: a review of its pattern of use, prevalence, and potential role in oral cancer. SARC
88  2014 Smokeless tobacco use: a risk factor for hyperhomocysteinemia in a Pakistani population. PLP
89  2014 The effect of oral uptake of nicotine in snus on peripheral skin blood circulation evaluated by thermography. ---
90  2014 Time to First Use Among Daily Smokers and Smokeless Tobacco Users. CPD, OR, TTFU
91  2014 Toxicity of gutkha, a smokeless tobacco product gone global: is there more to the toxicity than nicotine? ---
92  2013 A multiple motive/multi-dimensional approach to measure smokeless tobacco dependence. FTND, FTQ, OSSTD
93  2013 A randomized phase II clinical trial of high-dose nicotine patch therapy for smokeless tobacco users. OR
94  2013 Chemical analysis of Alaskan Iq'mik smokeless tobacco. NNAL, NNN, PAHs, TSNAs
95  2013 Combustible and non-combustible tobacco product preparations differentially regulate human peripheral blood mononuclear cell functions. LPS, NK, PBMCs, ST/CAS, TPM, TPPs, WS-CM
96  2013 Comparative effectiveness of the nicotine lozenge and tobacco-free snuff for smokeless tobacco reduction. ---
97  2013 Comparison of periodontal destruction patterns among patients with and without the habit of smokeless tobacco use--a retrospective study. CAL, REC
98  2013 Demand for smokeless tobacco: role of advertising. NCS
99  2013 Exploring attitudes regarding smokeless tobacco products for risk reduction. ---
100  2013 Randomized controlled trial of MyLastDip: a Web-based smokeless tobacco cessation program for chewers ages 14-25. RCT