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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : ST / syncytiotrophoblast

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Abbreviation:   ST  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   syncytiotrophoblast
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 Protease Inhibitor Anti-HIV, Lopinavir, Impairs Placental Endocrine Function. ATF4, ATF6, GRP78, hCG, HSD3B1, LPV, MLN64, OPA1, RTV, sXBP1, UPR, VCT
2021 SARS-CoV-2 ACE2 and TMPRSS2 Receptor Protein Expression Patterns Throughout Gestation. ---
2020 Changes in Placental Nutrient Transporter Protein Expression and Activity Across Gestation in Normal and Obese Women. BM, MVM
2020 Placenta-derived macaque trophoblast stem cells: differentiation to syncytiotrophoblasts and extravillous trophoblasts reveals phenotypic reprogramming. EVTs, TSCs
2020 SARS-CoV-2 can infect the placenta and is not associated with specific placental histopathology: a series of 19 placentas from COVID-19-positive mothers. ---
2019 Cholecystokinin, gastrin, cholecystokinin/gastrin receptors, and bitter taste receptor TAS2R14: trophoblast expression and signaling. CCK, EVT, TCL
2019 Down-regulation of placental Cdc42 and Rac1 links mTORC2 inhibition to decreased trophoblast amino acid transport in human intrauterine growth restriction. AAT, IUGR, mTORC2, PHT
2019 IFITM proteins inhibit placental syncytiotrophoblast formation and promote fetal demise. IFITMs, IFN
2019 Placental production of progestins is fully effective in villous cytotrophoblasts and increases with the syncytiotrophoblast formation. FSK, VCT
10  2019 Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals regulatory mechanism for trophoblast cell-fate divergence in human peri-implantation conceptuses. CT, TBX3
11  2019 Trophoblast type-specific expression of senescence markers in the human placenta. CT, SA-beta-gal
12  2018 P-Glycoprotein (P-gp)/ABCB1 plays a functional role in extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion and is decreased in the pre-eclamptic placenta. CT, EVT, P-gp
13  2017 Use of GATA3 and TWIST1 Immunofluorescence Staining to Assess In Vitro Syncytial Fusion Index. IUGR, PE, VCT
14  2017 Variable DAXX gene methylation is a common feature of placental trophoblast differentiation, preeclampsia, and response to hypoxia. CTBs, DMR, EVCTs
15  2016 Human chorionic gonadotropin: Different glycoforms and biological activity depending on its source of production. hCG, iEVT
16  2016 Transcriptomic signatures of villous cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast in term human placenta. DEG, VCT
17  2015 Decreased STAT3 in human idiopathic fetal growth restriction contributes to trophoblast dysfunction. FGR
18  2015 Formaldehyde Crosses the Human Placenta and Affects Human Trophoblast Differentiation and Hormonal Functions. CT, NAC
19  2015 Sexual dimorphism in miR-210 expression and mitochondrial dysfunction in the placenta with maternal obesity. BMI, mi, TNF-alpha
20  2014 Differential levels of amino acid transporters System L and ASCT2, and the mTOR protein in placenta of preeclampsia and IUGR. AAT, IUGR, MVM, PE
21  2014 ICAM-1 expression on immune cells in chronic villitis. CV
22  2014 Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in massive chronic intervillositis: implications for the invasion of maternal cells into fetal tissues. HLA, ICAM-1, MCI
23  2013 Pleiotropic actions of forskolin result in phosphatidylserine exposure in primary trophoblasts. CT, PS
24  2013 Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) decrease the placental syncytiotrophoblast volume and increase Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) in the placenta of normal pregnancy. PCBs, PlGF
25  2012 Comparative expression of hCG beta-genes in human trophoblast from early and late first-trimester placentas. hCG, VCT, WA
26  2012 Expression of flotillins in the human placenta: potential implications for placental transcytosis. CTs, FLOT1, FLOT2
27  2011 Expression patterns of Notch receptors and their ligands Jagged and Delta in human placenta. AGS, CT, EC, HC, SC, vWF, WOG
28  2011 Human cytomegalovirus is protected from inactivation by reversible binding to villous trophoblasts. HCMV
29  2011 Identification of a link between Wnt/beta-catenin signalling and the cell fusion pathway. BCL9L, GCM1, TCF4
30  2011 In vitro study on human cytomegalovirus affecting early pregnancy villous EVT's invasion function. EVT, HCMV, MMP, VT
31  2011 The contribution of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) to villous trophoblast differentiation. AIF, CT
32  2011 Ultrastructural study on human placentae from women subjected to assisted reproductive technology treatments. ART, LM, TEM
33  2010 Alteration of calcium homeostasis in primary preeclamptic syncytiotrophoblasts: effect on calcium exchange in placenta. PE, PMCA, RyR
34  2010 Assessment of multiple types of DNA damage in human placentas from smoking and nonsmoking women in the Czech Republic. AB, ACIS, BPDE, CT, IHC, PAH
35  2009 A stereological perspective on placental morphology in normal and complicated pregnancies. CT
36  2009 Expression and regulation by PPARgamma of hCG alpha- and beta-subunits: comparison between villous and invasive extravillous trophoblastic cells. hCG, VCT
37  2009 Human cytomegalovirus interacts with toll-like receptor 2 and CD14 on syncytiotrophoblasts to stimulate expression of TNFalpha mRNA and apoptosis. CT, HCMV, HCMV IE, TLR2, TNF-alpha
38  2008 Altered expression of regulators of caspase activity within trophoblast of normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia. CT, IAPs, PE
39  2008 Immunologic activation of human syncytiotrophoblast by Plasmodium falciparum. iRBC, JNK1, MAPK
40  2008 Phenotype and mRNA expression of syncytiotrophoblast microparticles isolated from human placenta. GP, hCG, HPA, hPL, PLAP, STMPs
41  2008 PPARgamma and early human placental development. EVCT, hCG, LXR, PPARgamma, VCT
42  2008 Ultrastructural localization of glycoprotein IIIa (GPIIIa, beta 3 integrin) on placental syncytiotrophoblast microvilli: implications for platelet alloimmunization during pregnancy. GP, HPA, MoAb
43  2007 A re-appraisal of the morphophenotype and basal lamina coverage of cytotrophoblasts in human term placenta. BL, CT, TEM
44  2007 Human chorionic gonadotropin produced by the invasive trophoblast but not the villous trophoblast promotes cell invasion and is down-regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma. EVCTs, hCG, PPAR
45  2007 Human placental development is impaired by abnormal human chorionic gonadotropin signaling in trisomy 21 pregnancies. CT, hCG
46  2006 Expression of SWAP-70 in the uterus and feto-maternal interface during embryonic implantation and pregnancy in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). VCT
47  2006 Human chorionic gonadotropin expression in human trophoblasts from early placenta: comparative study between villous and extravillous trophoblastic cells. EVCT, VCT
48  2006 LPS induces secretion of chemokines by human syncytiotrophoblast cells in a MAPK-dependent manner. IVS, LPS, MAPK, MIP
49  2006 Production of proinflammatory cytokines by syncytiotrophoblasts infected with human cytomegalovirus isolates. CMV, IE
50  2006 Ultraviolet-inactivated human cytomegalovirus induces placental syncytiotrophoblast apoptosis in a Toll-like receptor-2 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha dependent manner. HCMV, TLR, TNF-alpha, UV-HCMV
51  2005 Aberrations of early trophoblast differentiation predispose to pregnancy failure: lessons from the anti-phospholipid syndrome. CT
52  2005 Expression of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1, P450 aromatase, and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1, 2, 5 and 7 mRNAs in human early and mid-gestation placentas. CCT, IS, P450arom
53  2005 Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells selected for binding to cultured syncytiotrophoblast bind to chondroitin sulfate A and induce tyrosine phosphorylation in the syncytiotrophoblast. iRBCs
54  2004 Altered cell kinetics in cultured placental villous explants in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. IUGR, PE
55  2004 Calcium channels activated by endothelin-1 in human trophoblast. ET-1, ETB, PLC
56  2004 Changed expression of heat shock proteins in various pathological findings in placentas with intrauterine fetal growth restriction. CT, HSPs, IHC, IUGR
57  2004 Cytoplasmic microvesicular form of Fas ligand in human early placenta: switching the tissue immune privilege hypothesis from cellular to vesicular level. FasL
58  2004 Glucose transporter isoform 4 is expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast of first trimester human placenta. GLUT, RT
59  2004 Human cytomegalovirus-induced upregulation of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 on villous syncytiotrophoblasts. HCMV, ICAM, IL, TNF
60  2004 Immunohistochemical characterization of cyclin E and p27KIP1 expression in early hydatidiform moles. ABs, CE, CMs, CT, HAs, IT, PMs
61  2004 The influence of oxygen and tumor necrosis factor-alpha on the cellular kinetics of term placental villous explants in culture. CT
62  2003 Applications of monoclonal anti-human inhibin alpha subunit in endometrial curettings. CT, CV, EC, HM, IT, IUP, TP
63  2003 Expression and localization of estrogen receptor-alpha protein in normal and abnormal term placentae and stimulation of trophoblast differentiation by estradiol. CT, ERalpha
64  2003 Expression of P450 aromatase and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 at fetal-maternal interface during tubal pregnancy. EVCT, P450arom, VCT
65  2003 Expression of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) during human villous trophoblast differentiation in vitro. CT, IGFBP-4, PAPP-A
66  2003 Expression pattern of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins C/EBP-alpha, C/EBP-beta and C/EBP-delta in the human placenta. C/EBP, CT
67  2003 Placental expression of estrogen receptor beta and its hormone binding variant--comparison with estrogen receptor alpha and a role for estrogen receptors in asymmetric division and differentiation of estrogen-dependent cells. CT, CV, ERalpha
68  2003 Requirement of gap junctional intercellular communication for human villous trophoblast differentiation. CT, Cx43, GJIC
69  2002 Induction of HIV-1 replication in latently infected syncytiotrophoblast cells by contact with placental macrophages: role of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. HIV-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha
70  2002 Localization of heparanase in normal and pathological human placenta. CT, ECM, EVT
71  2002 Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity and expression in syncytiotrophoblast plasma membranes in pregnancies complicated by diabetes. ---
72  2002 Oxygen regulation of placental 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2: physiological and pathological implications. 11beta-HSD, PE, PL
73  2001 Defect of syncytiotrophoblast formation and human chorionic gonadotropin expression in Down's syndrome. hCG
74  2000 Defect of villous cytotrophoblast differentiation into syncytiotrophoblast in Down's syndrome. ---
75  2000 Polarized release of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 from cultured human placental syncytiotrophoblasts. CTs, EGF, MMPs
76  2000 Retinoids stimulate leptin synthesis and secretion in human syncytiotrophoblast. RA, RXRalpha
77  1999 Placental macrophage contact potentiates the complete replicative cycle of human cytomegalovirus in syncytiotrophoblast cells: role of interleukin-8 and transforming growth factor-beta1. HCMV, IL-8, TGF-beta1
78  1997 New concepts in trophoblastic growth and differentiation with practical application for the diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease. CT, IT, MITC
79  1997 [Clinical significance of HCG in both maternal serum and placental tissue in normal term women and patients with pregnancy induced hypertension]. PIH
80  1996 Expression of melanoma cell adhesion molecule in intermediate trophoblast. CT, IT, MelCAM, PSTT
81  1995 Kinetics of HIV infection of human placental syncytiotrophoblast cultures: an ultrastructural and immunocytochemical study. ---
82  1995 Nitric oxide synthase activity in placentae from women with pre-eclampsia. NO
83  1994 Antibody-dependent enhancement of HIV-1 infection in human term syncytiotrophoblast cells cultured in vitro. C'-ADE, FcR-ADE
84  1994 Demonstration of functional cytokine-placental interactions: CSF-1 and GM-CSF stimulate human cytotrophoblast differentiation and peptide hormone secretion. GM-CSF
85  1993 The change of membrane complement regulatory protein in chorion of early pregnancy. EVT, VCT
86  1993 Transforming growth factor-alpha in human implantation trophoblast: immunohistochemical evidence for autocrine/paracrine function. CT, EGF, IT, TGF-alpha
87  1992 Epidermal growth factor and its receptor in human implantation trophoblast: immunohistochemical evidence for autocrine/paracrine function. CT, EGF, IT
88  1992 [Immunocytochemical localization of human chorionic gonadotropin and placental lactogen in gestational trophoblastic neoplasms]. CT, IT
89  1991 [Immunocytochemical localization of human chorionic gonadotropin and placental lactogen in normal placentae]. CT, hCG, hPL, IT
90  1990 [Cytomorphological reappraisal of choriocarcinoma cells--a proposal of a four cell pattern]. CT, IT
91  1990 [Immunohistochemical study on distribution of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and placental lactogen (HPL) in trophoblastic tumors]. hCG, IT
92  1989 High frequency of in situ hybridization on thin plastic sections of human placenta with a cDNA probe for beta hCG. ISHH
93  1989 Significance and value of immunohistochemical localization of pregnancy specific proteins in feto-maternal tissue throughout pregnancy. CT, IT
94  1987 Immunocytochemical localization of chorionic gonadotropin, placental lactogen, and placental alkaline phosphatase in the diagnosis of complete and partial hydatidiform moles. AHS, CHMs, hCG, hPL, PHMs, PLAP
95  1984 Immunocytochemical localization of placental lactogen and chorionic gonadotropin in the normal placenta and trophoblastic tumors, with emphasis on intermediate trophoblast and the placental site trophoblastic tumor. CT, hCG, hPL, IT
96  1981 [Biological markers for tumours of the testis. Their use in diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up in 200 cases (author's transl)]. AFP, CGH