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■ Abbreviation / Long Form : gamma-GCS / gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase

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Abbreviation:   gamma-GCS  (>> Co-occurring Abbreviation)
Long Form:   gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase
 Abbreviation Variation
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No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 alpha-Chaconine Affects the Apoptosis, Mechanical Barrier Function, and Antioxidant Ability of Mouse Small Intestinal Epithelial Cells. AKP, CAT, GSH-Px, LDH, MDA, SOD, TEER, ZO-1
2021 Cysteine improves boar sperm quality via glutathione biosynthesis during the liquid storage. 4-HNE, ROS
2021 Duchenne's muscular dystrophy involves a defective transsulfuration pathway activity. 3-MST, CBS, CDO, CSAD, CSE, DMD, GS, NMR, qPCR, TSP
2021 Effect of infection with Aeromonas hydrophila on antioxidant capacity, inflammation response, and apoptosis proteins in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). A. hydrophila, ACP, ALP, CAT, GPx, GST, Keap1, LZM, MDA, PO, T-AOC, T-SOD
2021 Effect of phloretin on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters and antioxidant profile in heat-stressed broilers. BWG, CAT, FBW, FGR, FI, GSH-Px, HSP70, MDA, Nrf2, T-AOC, TG, TP
2021 Expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2, broad complex-tramtrack-bric a brac and Cap'n'collar homology 1 and gamma-glutamic acid cysteine synthase in peripheral blood of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its clinical significance. COPD, FVC, Nrf2, PBMCs
2021 Hesperetin ameliorates diabetes-associated anxiety and depression-like behaviors in rats via activating Nrf2/ARE pathway. GLO1
2021 Lactobacillus fermentum CQPC08 protects rats from lead-induced oxidative damage by regulating the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway. DPPH, HO-1, IL, LF-CQPC08, NQO1, SD
2021 Nanogold Particles Suppresses 5-Flurouracil-Induced Renal Injury: An Insight into the Modulation of Nrf-2 and Its Downstream Targets, HO-1 and γ-GCS. 5-FU, HO-1, Keap1, Nrf2
10  2021 Overcoming Radiation Resistance by Iron-Platinum Metal Alloy Nanoparticles in Human Copper Transport 1-Overexpressing Cancer Cells via Mitochondrial Disturbance. hCtr1, OCR, ROS, SR3A
11  2021 Preventive Effect of Flavonoid Extract from the Peel of Gonggan (Citrus reticulata Blanco Var. Gonggan) on CCl4-Induced Acute Liver Injury in Mice. AST, CAT, GPFE, GSH-Px, IFN-gamma, IL, MDA, Nrf2, SOD, TNF-alpha
12  2021 The reversal of drug resistance by two-dimensional titanium carbide Ti2 C (2D Ti2C) in non-small-cell lung cancer via the depletion of intracellular antioxidant reserves. 2D Ti2C, GPx, GST-pi, MT, NSCLC
13  2020 A ROS responsive nanomedicine with enhanced photodynamic therapy via dual mechanisms: GSH depletion and biosynthesis inhibition. PDT, ROS
14  2020 Activating PPARgamma Increases NQO1 and gamma-GCS Expression via Nrf2 in Thrombin-activated Microglia. ICH, MC group, NC group, NQO1, Nrf2, RSG, RT-PCR
15  2020 Ameliorative role of curcumin on copper oxide nanoparticles-mediated renal toxicity in rats: An investigation of molecular mechanisms. HO-1
16  2020 Development of a highly efficient and specific L-theanine synthase. ---
17  2020 Evidence for oxidative and not reductive stress in the aged rabbit heart. CF, DP, EDP, FDPL, GSH-Px, LMWI, NAC, PC
18  2020 gamma-Glutamylcysteine synthetase and gamma-glutamyl transferase as differential enzymatic sources of gamma-glutamylpeptides in mice. GGT
19  2020 Glutathione ethyl ester supplementation prevents airway hyper-responsiveness in mice. AHR, BALF, GSH-EE, Nrf2, OVA
20  2020 Protective Effect of 2',3'-Dihydroxy-4',6'-dimethoxychalcone on Glutamate-Induced Neurotoxicity in Primary Cortical Cultures. DDC, HO-1, Nrf2
21  2020 Protective Effects of Rice Peptide Oryza Peptide-P60 against Oxidative Injury through Activation of Nrf2 Signaling Pathway In Vitro and In Vivo. OP60
22  2020 The Antioxidant Activities of Betula etnensis Rafin. Ethanolic Extract Exert Protective and Anti-diabetic Effects on Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats. HO-1, LOOH
23  2019 Ambroxol alleviates ventilator-induced lung injury by inhibiting c-Jun expression. AP-1, ROS, VILI, VT
24  2019 Ameliorative role of boron to toxicity of aluminum in trifoliate orange roots. Al, AsA
25  2019 Dietary glutathione supplementation enhances antioxidant activity and protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced acute hepatopancreatic injury and cell apoptosis in Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis. bax inhibitor, BCL-2, E. sinensis, GSH-Px, GST, HE, LPS, ROS, SOD
26  2019 High glucose promotes prostate cancer cells apoptosis via Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. ARE, Bax, Bcl-2, DCFH-DA, ELISA, HO-1, IL-6, LDH, MTT, Nrf2, ROS
27  2019 Host nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 defense system determines the outcome of dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice. COX-2, DSS, HO-1, NF-kappaB, NQO1, Nrf2
28  2019 In-Silico Identification of the Best Compound Against Leishmania infantum: High Throughput Screening of All FDA Approved Drugs LPG
29  2019 Preventive Effect of Small-Leaved Kuding Tea (Ligustrum robustum (Roxb.) Bl.) Polyphenols on D-Galactose-Induced Oxidative Stress and Aging in Mice. CAT, eNOS, GSH-Px, HO-1, iNOS, MDA, nNOS, NO, Nrf2, PSLKDT, SLKDT, SOD
30  2019 Protective role of curcumin in cadmium-induced testicular injury in mice by attenuating oxidative stress via Nrf2/ARE pathway. CUR, GSH-Px, MDA, T-SOD
31  2019 Shenduning Granule Attenuates Renal Injury from Oxidative Stress through the Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2/Antioxidant Response Element Pathway. ARE, BUN, HO-1, MDA, Nrf2, SCr, SOD
32  2019 Sulforaphane Protect Against Cadmium-Induced Oxidative Damage in mouse Leydigs Cells by Activating Nrf2/ARE Signaling Pathway. ARE, Cd, GSH-Px, MTT, NQO1, Nrf2, SFN, T-SOD
33  2018 An Antagonism Joint Action of Lead and Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phthalate Explains an Improved Ability of Learning and Memory after Combined Exposure in Weaning Rats. BDNF, DEHP, DHEA, GST, MDA, Nrf2
34  2018 Cadmium induced glutathione bioaccumulation mediated by gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase in ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum. Cd, Hcgamma-GCS
35  2018 Chimyl Alcohol Suppresses PGE2 Synthesis by Human Epidermal Keratinocytes through the Activation of PPAR-gamma. AKGs, CA, COX-2, DCFDA, NHEKs, NR, Nrf2, PGE2, PPAR, ROS, UV
36  2018 Comparison of Antioxidative Effects of Insect Tea and Its Raw Tea (Kuding Tea) Polyphenols in Kunming Mice. CAT, eNOS, GSH-Px, HO-1, iNOS, ITP, KM, MDA, MnSOD, nNOS, NO, NQO1, Nrf2, qPCR, SOD
37  2018 Curcumin inhibits the growth via Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in non-small-cell lung cancer cells. NAC, NSCLC, PCNA, ROS, SOD
38  2018 Effects of L-glutamine on boar sperm quality during liquid storage at 17C. BTS, Gln
39  2018 Ethyl 2,4-dicarboethoxy pantothenate, a derivative of pantothenic acid, prevents cellular damage initiated by environmental pollutants through Nrf2 activation. AhR, DCFDA, DPE, EDCEP, HO-1, NHEKs, NQO1, Nrf2, PA, ROS
40  2018 gamma-Glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) as a target for overcoming chemo- and radio-resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. ATO, HCC, iGSH, ROS, RT
41  2018 Glycine Increases Insulin Sensitivity and Glutathione Biosynthesis and Protects against Oxidative Stress in a Model of Sucrose-Induced Insulin Resistance. IR, IRbeta, ISR-1, SF
42  2018 Low concentrations of clarithromycin upregulate cellular antioxidant enzymes and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in human small airway epithelial cells. CAM, CAT, GPx, GR, HO, p-ERK, RT-PCR, SAECs, SOD
43  2018 Neuroprotection of quercetin on central neurons against chronic high glucose through enhancement of Nrf2/ARE/glyoxalase-1 pathway mediated by phosphorylation regulation. GLO1, HG
44  2018 Protective Mechanism of Sulforaphane on Cadmium-Induced Sertoli Cell Injury in Mice Testis via Nrf2/ARE Signaling Pathway. ARE, Cd, GSH-Px, HO-1, Nrf2, SFN
45  2018 Unresponsiveness to meglumine antimoniate in anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis field isolates: analysis of resistance biomarkers by gene expression profiling. ACL, AQP1, MRPA, TDR1, TR
46  2017 Activation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway attenuates lanthanum chloride induced injuries in primary rat astrocytes. GSHPx-1, GST, HO-1, La, NQO1, ROS, SOD2, tBHQ
47  2017 Anti-oxidative Activity of Hydrolysate from Rice Bran Protein in HepG2 Cells. HO-1, Nrf2, RBPH
48  2017 Effect of N-acetyl cysteine and glycine supplementation on growth performance, glutathione synthesis, and antioxidative ability of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella. CAT, GPx, GSH, MDA, NAC, SOD
49  2017 Glutathione metabolic status in the aged rabbit aorta. gamma-GT, GSSG-Red
50  2017 Identification of novel Nrf2 activators from Cinnamomum chartophyllum H.W. Li and their potential application of preventing oxidative insults in human lung epithelial cells. NQO-1, Nrf2, PPI, QR, THD
51  2017 Long-term treatment of clarithromycin at a low concentration improves hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in human small airway epithelial cells by increasing Nrf2 mRNA expression. CAM, IL, NF, Nrf2, RT-PCR, SAECs
52  2017 Nrf2 Inhibits Periodontal Ligament Stem Cell Apoptosis under Excessive Oxidative Stress. HO-1, MDA, NQO1, Nrf2, PDLSCs, ROS
53  2017 Protective effect of proanthocyanidin on mice Sertoli cell apoptosis induced by zearalenone via the Nrf2/ARE signalling pathway. GSH-Px, HO-1, Nrf2, PC, ZEA
54  2017 Protective effects of proanthocyanidins against cadmium-induced testicular injury through the modification of Nrf2-Keap1 signal path in rats. Cd, GSH-Px, HO-1, Keap1, Nrf2, PAs
55  2017 Sake lees hydrolysate protects against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity via activation of the Nrf2 antioxidant pathway. HO-1, Nrf2
56  2017 [Effect of Kruppel like zinc finger transcription factor 2 on gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase in bronchial epithelial cells of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease]. COPD, ELISA, ISH, KLF2, RT-PCR, TSE
57  2017 [Oxymatrine alleviates oxidative stress in fat-induced insulin resistance mice by suppressing p38MAPK pathway]. FBG, GSH-Px, HO-1, MDA, p38 MAPK, ROS, SOD, TG
58  2016 3-O-Laurylglyceryl ascorbate activates the intracellular antioxidant system through the contribution of PPAR-gamma and Nrf2. AsA, DCFH-DA, HO-1, NQO1, Nrf2, PPARgamma, ROS
59  2016 Carnosic acid protects starvation-induced SH-SY5Y cell death through Erk1/2 and Akt pathways, autophagy, and FoxO3a. CA, FOXO3a, GST, HO-1, Nrf2
60  2016 Effect of N-acetyl cysteine and glycine supplementation on growth performance, glutathione synthesis, anti-oxidative and immune ability of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. GPx, GSH, GST, IL-1beta, MDA, NAC, SOD
61  2016 Effects of realgar on GSH synthesis in the mouse hippocampus: Involvement of system XAG(-), system XC(-), MRP-1 and Nrf2. Cys, Glu, MRP-1, Nrf2
62  2016 Elevation of Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Activity Induced by Amplified Insulin Response in Low Glutathione Levels in Rat Liver. G6PD, ME, SAA, SPI
63  2016 Inhibition of Glutathione Biosynthesis Sensitizes Plasmodium berghei to Antifolates. ---
64  2016 Intracellular glutathione level and efflux in human melanoma and cervical cancer cells differing in doxorubicin resistance. DOX, GST
65  2016 Knockdown of JMJD1C, a target gene of hsa-miR-590-3p, inhibits mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in MPP+-treated MES23.5 and SH-SY5Y cells. HO-1, NQO-1, NRF1, PD, PGC-1alpha
66  2016 Mangiferin Upregulates Glyoxalase 1 Through Activation of Nrf2/ARE Signaling in Central Neurons Cultured with High Glucose. AGEs, GLO1
67  2016 Melatonin enhances mitochondrial ATP synthesis, reduces reactive oxygen species formation, and mediates translocation of the nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 resulting in activation of phase-2 antioxidant enzymes (gamma-GCS, HO-1, NQO1) in ultraviolet radiation-treated normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK). HO-1, NHEK, NQO1, Nrf2, ROS, UVR
68  2016 Mitochondrion-Mediated Apoptosis Induced by Acrylamide is Regulated by a Balance Between Nrf2 Antioxidant and MAPK Signaling Pathways in PC12 Cells. ACR, ERK, JNK, MAPK, MDA, Nrf2, ROS
69  2016 Paeoniflorin protects Schwann cells against high glucose induced oxidative injury by activating Nrf2/ARE pathway and inhibiting apoptosis. ARE, Bcl-2, DPN, GPx, GST, HO-1, Keap1, MDA, Nrf2, PF, ROS
70  2016 Redox-Sensitive Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Protect Human Keratinocytes from Oxidative Stress Induced by Glutathione Depletion. BSO, CeNPs, LDH, Prx6, ROS, TrxR
71  2016 Sulforaphane Prevents Testicular Damage in Kunming Mice Exposed to Cadmium via Activation of Nrf2/ARE Signaling Pathways. Cd, GSH-Px, HO-1, MDA, NQO1, Nrf2, SFN
72  2016 The Protective Effect of Grape-Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract on Oxidative Damage Induced by Zearalenone in Kunming Mice Liver. AST, GSPE, HO-1, Nrf2, ZEN
73  2016 Therapeutic Potential of HGF-Expressing Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Mice with Acute Liver Failure. ALF, CAT, HGF, SOD, UC-MSCs
74  2015 Beneficial effects of vitamin E supplementation against the oxidative stress on Cylindrospermopsin-exposed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). BW, CAT, CYN, GPx, GST, LPO, SOD
75  2015 Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells protect against bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rat by activating Nrf2 signaling. BMSCs, HO-1, MDA, MSC, NQO1, Nrf2, SOD
76  2015 Bucillamine prevents cisplatin-induced ototoxicity through induction of glutathione and antioxidant genes. GSS, HO-1, SOD2
77  2015 FGF9-induced changes in cellular redox status and HO-1 upregulation are FGFR-dependent and proceed through both ERK and AKT to induce CREB and Nrf2 activation. CREB, FGF9, FGFR, HO-1, Nrf2
78  2015 Gender- and region-dependent changes of redox biomarkers in the brain of successfully aging LOU/C rats. Glrx1, LOU, SOD1, Trx-1
79  2015 Hippocampal signaling pathways are involved in stress-induced impairment of memory formation in rats. EP, Nrf2, pCREB, PGC-1alpha
80  2015 Protective Role of tert-Butylhydroquinone Against Sodium Fluoride-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in PC12 Cells. HO-1, Nrf2, ROS, tBHQ
81  2015 Role of NF-E2-related factor 2 in neuroprotective effect of l-carnitine against high glucose-induced oxidative stress in the retinal ganglion cells. HO-1, Keap1, LC, Nrf2, RGCs
82  2015 The oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol increases oxidative stress and regulate Nrf2 signaling pathway in astrocyte cells. 27-OHC, AD, GSH-Px, HO-1, NQO1, Nrf2, ROS, T-SOD
83  2015 Toll-Like Receptor 4 Reduces Oxidative Injury via Glutathione Activity in Sheep. AP-1, CAT, GSH-Px, LPS, MDA, SOD1, TLR4
84  2015 [Effect of Nrf2 and related factors on the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis]. AST, GST, HDL-C, HO1, LDL-C, NAFLD, NASH, NQO1, Nrf2, TC, TG
85  2014 Antihepatotoxic effect of tadehaginoside, extracted from Tadehagi triquetrum (L.), against CCl4-lesioned rats through activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and attenuating the inflammatory response. AST, CAT, COX, IgE, LT, NF-kappaB, Nrf2, TA, TNF-alpha
86  2014 Curcumin ameliorates cognitive deficits heavy ion irradiation-induced learning and memory deficits through enhancing of Nrf2 antioxidant signaling pathways. HO-1, MDA, NQO1, Nrf2, SOD
87  2014 Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene exposure reduces r-GCS via suppressed Nrf2 in HepG2 cells. Nrf2, p,p'-DDE, ROS
88  2014 Effects of depuration on oxidative biomarkers in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after subchronic exposure to cyanobacterium producing cylindrospermopsin. CAT, CYN, LPO, SOD
89  2014 Effects of erythromycin on gamma-glutamyl cysteine synthetase and interleukin-1beta in hyperoxia-exposed lung tissue of premature newborn rats. BCA, ELISA, IL-1beta, RT-PCR, SD
90  2014 Glucocorticoid receptor knockdown decreases the antioxidant protection of B16 melanoma cells: an endocrine system-related mechanism that compromises metastatic cell resistance to vascular endothelium-induced tumor cytotoxicity. GCR
91  2014 Myocardial glutathione metabolic status in fat-fed rabbits. FDPL, gamma-GT, GSH-Px, TBARS, TG
92  2014 Oleanolic acid enhances the radiosensitivity of tumor cells under mimetic hypoxia through the reduction in intracellular GSH content and HIF-1alpha expression. DTNB, GSS, HIF-1alpha, MN, OA
93  2014 Pinocembrin attenuates 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death through Nrf2/ARE pathway in SH-SY5Y cells. ARE, HO-1, Nrf2, PB
94  2014 Response differences between Ectocarpus siliculosus populations to copper stress involve cellular exclusion and induction of the phytochelatin biosynthetic pathway. GS, PCS
95  2014 The role of glutathione detoxification pathway in MCLR-induced hepatotoxicity in SD rats. BSO, GPx, GR, GST, i.p, MCLR, MDA, SD, tGSH
96  2014 [Transcriptional regulation of the Hansenula polymorpha GSH2 gene in response to cadmium ion treatment]. ---
97  2013 Curcumin sensitizes lung adenocarcinoma cells to apoptosis via intracellular redox status mediated pathway. BSO, MAPK, NAC, ROS, SOR
98  2013 Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane exposure induces the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma via Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. DDT, ROS, SOD
99  2013 Does hepatic oxidative stress enhance activation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis? GPX2, HO-1, NASH, Nrf2, Trx, TrxR1
100  2013 Epalrestat increases intracellular glutathione levels in Schwann cells through transcription regulation. EPS, Nrf2