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Abbreviation : CNQX
Long Form : 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2023 Investigating the mechanism of action of ginkgolides and bilobalide on absence seizures in male WAG/Rij rats. SWDs
2022 Effect of the Non-N-Methyl-D-aspartate Receptor of the Glutamatergic System of the Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus on Cardiovascular Responses in Normotensive and Hydralazine-Induced Hypotensive Rats. HLZ, HR, L-Glu, MAP, NMDA, PPT, SBP
2022 Evaluating spatial and network properties of NMDA-dependent neuronal connectivity in mixed cortical cultures. LSPS
2022 L-4-Fluorophenylglycine produces antidepressant-like effects and enhances resilience to stress in mice. AMPA, CSDS, L-4FPG, mTOR
2022 Resveratrol activates GABAA and/or glycine receptors on substantia gelatinosa neurons of the subnucleus caudalis in mice. DL-AP5, SG
2021 Modulation of stimulated dopamine release in rat nucleus accumbens shell by GABA in vitro: Effect of sub-chronic phencyclidine pretreatment. AMPA, GABA, NAc
2020 Contribution of the ventrolateral thalamus to the locomotion-related activity of motor cortex. PTNs, VL
2020 Glutamatergic Activation of Neuronostatin Neurons in the Periventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus. AMPA, NMDA, pSTAT5
2020 Immunohistochemical Evidence for Glutamatergic Regulation of Nesfatin-1 Neurons in the Rat Hypothalamus. AMPA, ARC, NMDA, PVN
10  2020 Inhibition of the dorsomedial hypothalamus substantially decreases brown adipose tissue sympathetic discharge induced by activation of the lateral habenula. AP5, BAT, DMH, LHb
11  2020 Two distinct electrophysiological mechanisms underlie extensive depolarization elicited by 2,4 diaminobutyric acid in leech Retzius neurons. IMR
12  2018 Blockade of Glutamate Receptors within the Prelimbic Cortex Attenuate Concentration of Excitatory Amino Acids in the Morphine Self-administration in Rats. AP5, EAAs, PrL
13  2018 Central inspiratory activity rhythmically activates synaptic currents of airway vagal preganglionic neurons in neonatal rats. AVPNs, eNA, IA-AVPNs, II-AVPNs, nAChRs, PIICs, PIOCs
14  2018 Extracellular Zn2+ Influx into Nigral Dopaminergic Neurons Plays a Key Role for Pathogenesis of 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Parkinson's Disease in Rats. AMPA, PD, SNpc, TPEN
15  2018 Role of AMPA glutamate receptors in the conditioned rewarding effects of MDMA in mice. CPP, MDMA
16  2018 Role of NMDA and AMPA glutamatergic receptors in the effects of social defeat on the rewarding properties of MDMA in mice. AMPA, MDMA, NMDA
17  2018 [Electrophysiological characteristics of hippocampal postnatal early development mediated by AMPA receptors in rats]. AMPA, Cm, fEPSPs, Rin, RMP, sEPSCs
18  2017 Effects of naftopidil on inhibitory transmission in substantia gelatinosa neurons of the rat spinal dorsal horn in vitro. APV, eIPSCs, mEPSCs, mIPSCs
19  2017 Role of AMPA receptors in homocysteine-NMDA receptor-induced crosstalk between ERK and p38 MAPK. AMPARs, ERK, NASPM, NBQX, NMDAR
20  2017 Temporal Properties of Flicker ERGs in Rabbit Model of Retinitis Pigmentosa. APB, ERGs, Tg, WT
21  2017 [Spinal analgesic mechanism of minocycline in formalin-induced inflammatory pain]. SG, sIPSCs, TTX
22  2016 CNQX facilitates inhibitory synaptic transmission in rat hypoglossal nucleus. AMPA, D-AP5, DNQX, NMDA
23  2016 Immediate and delayed treatment with gabapentin, carbamazepine and CNQX have almost similar impact on cognitive functions and behavior in the lithium-pilocarpine model in rats. CBZ, GBP, i.c.v, SE
24  2016 Network burst activity in hippocampal neuronal cultures: the role of synaptic and intrinsic currents. CPP
25  2015 Excitatory Transmission to the Lateral Habenula Is Critical for Encoding and Retrieval of Spatial Memory. BG, LHb, WM
26  2015 Exposure to sub-chronic unpredictable stress accounts for antidepressant-like effects in hamsters treated with BDNF and CNQX. BDNF, CeA, DG, EPM, FST, Or-Py
27  2015 Transmembrane AMPAR regulatory protein gamma-2 is required for the modulation of GABA release by presynaptic AMPARs. iGluRs, MLIs, TARPs
28  2014 Amygdalar neuronal activity mediates the cardiovascular responses evoked from the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray in conscious rats. BLA, HR, MAP, NMDA
29  2014 Contribution of retinal ganglion cells to the mouse electroretinogram. ERG, OPs, PhNR, RGCs
30  2014 Distinct amygdalar AMPAergic/GABAergic mechanisms promote anxiolitic-like effects in an unpredictable stress model of the hamster. AMPAR
31  2014 Effects of the chinese traditional prescription xiaoyaosan decoction on chronic immobilization stress-induced changes in behavior and ultrastructure in rat hippocampus. AMPA, CIS, EPM, OPT, XYS
32  2014 Excitatory/inhibitory equilibrium of the central amygdala nucleus gates anti-depressive and anxiolytic states in the hamster. AMPAR, CeA, EPM, GluR, THIP
33  2014 Glutamate receptors in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus contribute to insulin-induced sympathoexcitation. ABP, AP5, ARC, KYN, SNA
34  2014 Glutaric acid-mediated apoptosis in primary striatal neurons. AMPA, GA, NMDA, TEM
35  2014 Systems reconsolidation reveals a selective role for the anterior cingulate cortex in generalized contextual fear memory expression. ACC
36  2014 Taurine activates GABAergic networks in the neocortex of immature mice. APs, CPP, GFP, PSCs, TTX
37  2014 The single versus combinatorial effects of MK-801, CNQX, Nifedipine and AP-3 on primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells in an oxygen-glucose deprivation model. AP3, OGD, PI
38  2014 The tricyclic antidepressant desipramine inhibited the neurotoxic, kainate-induced [Ca(2+)]i increases in CA1 pyramidal cells in acute hippocampal slices. AMPARs, AP5, DMI, KA, NASPM, non-NMDARs
39  2013 Differential pattern of neuroprotection in lumbar, cervical and thoracic spinal cord segments in an organotypic rat model of glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. a,d, ALS, MN, NMDA
40  2013 Fluorescent imaging reports an extracellular alkalinization induced by glutamatergic activation of isolated retinal horizontal cells. HAF
41  2013 GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors and AMPA receptors in medial prefrontal cortex are necessary for odor span in rats. AMPA, CPP, mPFC, NMDA, OST
42  2013 Neural origin of evoked potentials during thalamic deep brain stimulation. DBS, ECAP
43  2013 Role of glutamate receptors in the dorsal reticular nucleus in formalin-induced secondary allodynia. DRt
44  2013 Roles of glutamate, substance P, and gastrin-releasing peptide as spinal neurotransmitters of histaminergic and nonhistaminergic itch. AMPA, DRG, GRP, GRPR, ID, NK-1, SP, VGLUT2
45  2013 The developmental regulation of glutamate receptor-mediated calcium signaling in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. AMPARs, DIV, NMDARs
46  2012 Different glutamate receptors convey feedforward and recurrent processing in macaque V1. APV, FGM
47  2012 GABAA Receptor- and Non-NMDA Glutamate Receptor-Mediated Actions of Korean Red Ginseng Extract on the Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Neurons. GnRH, KRG, PIC, TTX
48  2012 Reactive oxygen species induced by presynaptic glutamate receptor activation is involved in [(3)H]GABA release from rat brain cortical nerve terminals. DPI, ROS
49  2011 Amygdalar glutamatergic neuronal systems play a key role on the hibernating state of hamsters. AMPAR, BLA, HIB, NHIB, NMDAR, VMN
50  2011 Bilateral connectivity in the brainstem respiratory networks of lampreys. AP5, pTRG
51  2011 Comparison of nafadotride, CNQX, and haloperidol on acquisition versus expression of amphetamine-conditioned place preference in rats. AMPA, CPP, DA
52  2011 Enhancement of ON-bipolar cell responses of cone electroretinograms in rabbits with the Pro347Leu rhodopsin mutation. APB, ERGs, NMDA, PDA, TTX, WT
53  2011 Evaluating the neural basis of temporal order memory for visual stimuli in the rat. AP5, PL/IL, PRh
54  2011 The roles of ionotropic glutamate receptors along the On and Off signaling pathways in the light-adapted mouse retina. AP5, RGCs
55  2010 Activation of glutamate transporters in the locus coeruleus paradoxically activates descending inhibition in rats. CBX, DbetaH, LC, MEC, pCREB, SNL
56  2010 Characteristics and functions of {alpha}-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate receptors expressed in mouse pancreatic {alpha}-cells. AMPA, iGluRs
57  2010 Effects and mechanisms of L-glutamate microinjected into nucleus ambiguus on gastric motility in rats. L-Glu, NA, NMDA
58  2010 Effects of CNQX and MPEP on sensitization to the rewarding effects of morphine. AMPA, CPP, mGlu5, MPEP
59  2010 Functional interaction between medial thalamus and rostral anterior cingulate cortex in the suppression of pain affect. AP-5, Pf, rACC
60  2010 Physiological and immunocytochemical evidence that glutamatergic neurotransmission is involved in the activation of arm autotomy in the featherstar Antedon mediterranea (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). AMPA, l-AP4, NMDA
61  2010 Properties of synaptic transmission from the reticular formation dorsal to the facial nucleus to trigeminal motoneurons during early postnatal development in rats. non-NMDA, PSCs
62  2010 Selective excitatory actions of DNQX and CNQX in rat thalamic neurons. AMPAR, DNQX, NMDA, TRN, VB
63  2010 Tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues modulates the mouse hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis via paraventricular glutamatergic neurons. AP5, PTH2R, PVN, TIP39
64  2010 Voltage-sensitive dye imaging analysis of functional development of the neonatal rat corticostriatal projection. APV, EPSPs
65  2009 Apoptosis and the receptor specificity of its mechanisms during the neurotoxic action of glutamate. AIF, AMPA, NMDA
66  2009 Blocking glutamate receptors in the waist area of the parabrachial nucleus decreases taste reactivity behaviors in conscious rats. AMPA
67  2009 Excitotoxic motoneuron degeneration induced by glutamate receptor agonists and mitochondrial toxins in organotypic cultures of chick embryo spinal cord. 3-NP, ALS, KA, MN, NMDA
68  2009 Glutamate receptor properties of human mesencephalic neural progenitor cells: NMDA enhances dopaminergic neurogenesis in vitro. AMPA, NPCs
69  2009 Increase of intracellular Ca2+ by P2Y but not P2X receptors in cultured cortical multipolar neurons of the rat. AP5, IR, PPADS
70  2009 Neuroprotection of locomotor networks after experimental injury to the neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro. APV, PM
71  2009 Role of P2Y1 receptor in astroglia-to-neuron signaling at dorsal spinal cord. AP5
72  2008 Activation of spinal ERK signaling pathway contributes to pain-related responses induced by scorpion Buthus martensi Karch venom. BmK, ERK, MEK
73  2008 Decreased AMPA GluR2, but not GluR3, mRNA expression in rat amygdala and dorsal hippocampus following morphine-induced behavioural sensitization. AMPA
74  2008 Dissociation between rewarding and psychomotor effects of opiates: differential roles for glutamate receptors within anterior and posterior portions of the ventral tegmental area. NAc, VTA
75  2008 Excitatory effects of human immunodeficiency virus 1 Tat on cultured rat cerebral cortical neurons. AP5, HIV-1, mEPSCs, mIPSCs
76  2008 Formation and maintenance of ventilatory long-term facilitation require NMDA but not non-NMDA receptors in awake rats. NMDA, vLTF
77  2008 Gabapentin acts within the locus coeruleus to alleviate neuropathic pain. LC, pCREB, SNL
78  2008 Kainic acid down-regulates NOP receptor density and gene expression in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. NOP
79  2008 Nitric oxide modulates the firing rate of the rat supraoptic magnocellular neurons. dl-AP5, h.a.p, L-NAME, MNCs, NO
80  2008 Persistent sodium current contributes to induced voltage oscillations in locomotor-related hb9 interneurons in the mouse spinal cord. ---
81  2008 Postnatal development of excitatory postsynaptic currents in nucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons. APV, EPSCs, KA, NAcb, NMDA
82  2008 Recruitment of excitatory serotonergic neurotransmission to cardiac vagal neurons in the nucleus ambiguus post hypoxia and hypercapnia. AP5, CVNs, EPSCs, NMDA, PPADS, TNP-ATP
83  2008 Resistance to kynurenic acid of the NMDA receptor-dependent toxicity of 3-nitropropionic acid and cyanide in cerebellar granule neurons. 3-NPA, AB, L-NAME, NMDA
84  2008 Role for NMDA receptors in visceral nociceptive transmission in the anterior cingulate cortex of viscerally hypersensitive rats. ACC, CRD, EA, NMDA
85  2008 Spontaneous release from mossy fiber terminals inhibits Ni2+-sensitive T-type Ca2+ channels of CA3 pyramidal neurons in the rat organotypic hippocampal slice. AP
86  2008 The microinjection of AMPA receptor antagonist into the accumbens shell failed to change food intake, but reduced fear-motivated behaviour in free-feeding female rats. Acb
87  2008 The non-NMDA receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) impairs late reconsolidation of passive avoidance learning in the day-old chick. PAL
88  2007 A link between role of two prefrontal areas in immediate memory and in long-term memory consolidation. ---
89  2007 Activation of medial prefrontal cortex neurons by phencyclidine is mediated via AMPA/kainate glutamate receptors in anesthetized rats. mPFC
90  2007 Acute effects of AMPA-type glutamate receptor antagonists on intermale social behavior in two mouse lines bidirectionally selected for offensive aggression. NBQX, TA, TNA
91  2007 Adenosine receptor ligands protect against a combination of apoptotic and necrotic cell death in cerebellar granule neurons. CGNs, CsA, DPCPX, DPQ, KYA, NMDA
92  2007 AMPA and kainate receptors mediate mutually exclusive effects on GABA(A) receptor expression in cultured mouse cerebellar granule neurones. AMPAR, CaN, GABAR, KA, KAR, L-VGCC, NMDAR, stg
93  2007 AMPA receptors undergo channel arrest in the anoxic turtle cortex. AMPAR, EPSCs, EPSPs, NMDAR
94  2007 AMPA-mediated excitotoxicity in oligodendrocytes: role for Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) co-transport and reversal of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger. AMPA, CTZ, NKCC1
95  2007 Anti-homeostatic synaptic plasticity of glycine receptor function after chronic strychnine in developing cultured mouse spinal neurons. AMPA, BDNF, GlyRs, TTX
96  2007 Comparative study of NMDA and AMPA/kainate receptors involved in cardiovascular inhibition produced by imidazoline-like drugs in anaesthetized rats. AMPA, BP, HR, i.c.v, NMDA, RVLM
97  2007 Contribution of AMPA/kainate receptors in the rostral ventrolateral medulla to the hypotensive and sympathoinhibitory effects of clonidine. AMPA, BP, HR, RSNA, RVLM
98  2007 Developmental changes in agonist-induced retrograde signaling at parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses: role of calcium-induced calcium release. D-TBOA, DSE, EPSCs, GDP beta S, Glu, KA, PCs, PF
99  2007 Genetic evidence for the requirement of adenylyl cyclase 1 in synaptic scaling of forebrain cortical neurons. AC1, AMPA, mEPSC
100  2007 Glutamate and dopamine receptors contribute to the lateral spread of epileptiform discharges in rat neocortical slices. EFP