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Abbreviation : PSTs
Long Form : paralytic shellfish toxins
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
2021 Combined Effects of Temperature and Toxic Algal Abundance on Paralytic Shellfish Toxic Accumulation, Tissue Distribution and Elimination Dynamics in Mussels Mytilus coruscus. SST, TAA
2021 Comparison between mouse bioassay and HILIC-MS/MS for quantification of paralytic shellfish toxin in Japanese basket clams and mussels caught off coastal Osaka Bay in Japan. GTX1-4, MBA, TEF
2021 Determination of intestinal absorption of the paralytic shellfish toxin GTX-5 using the Caco-2 human cell model. CRM, GTX-5
2021 Effect of carboxymethyl chitosan on the detoxification and biotransformation of paralytic shellfish toxins in oyster Ostrea rivularis. A. minutum, CMC, PS
2021 IAPs Gene Expansion in the Scallop Patinopecten yessoensis and Their Expression Profiles After Exposure to the Toxic Dinoflagellate. IAPs, PyIAPs
2021 Identifying the Source Organisms Producing Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in a Subtropical Bay in the South China Sea. OTUs
2021 In Vitro Effects of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Lytic Extracellular Compounds Produced by Alexandrium Strains on Hemocyte Integrity and Function in Mytilus edulis. BECs, LCs
2021 Molecular Identification and Toxin Analysis of Alexandrium spp. in the Beibu Gulf: First Report of Toxic A. tamiyavanichii in Chinese Coastal Waters. GTXs, HABs, ITS, LSU, SSU, STX
2021 Shellfish Toxin Uptake and Depuration in Multiple Atlantic Canadian Molluscan Species: Application to Selection of Sentinel Species in Monitoring Programs. AST
10  2021 The dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella producing only carbamate toxins may account for the seafood poisonings in Qinhuangdao, China. GTX1, 3, 4, NEO, OTUs
11  2021 Tissue-Biased and Species-Specific Regulation of Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx) Genes in Scallops Exposed to Toxic Dinoflagellates. GPx, GPxs
12  2021 Two new skeletal analogues of saxitoxin found in the scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis, as possible metabolites of paralytic shellfish toxins. HA
13  2021 [Rapid Screening System for Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Bivalves by Oligonucleotide Lateral Flow Immunoassay]. MBA, OLFIA
14  2020 A Carbamoylase-Based Bioassay for the Detection of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Toxins. dcSTX, HABs, STX
15  2020 Biochemical performance of mussels, cockles and razor shells contaminated by paralytic shellfish toxins. GSH
16  2020 Biocompatibility of Alexandrium minutum in the growth and paralytic shellfish toxins production under five cultivation methods. A. minutum
17  2020 Biokinetics and biotransformation of paralytic shellfish toxins in different tissues of Yesso scallops, Patinopecten yessoensis. DAR, NEO, STX
18  2020 Change in Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in the Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Depending on Dynamics of Harmful Alexandrium catenella (Group I) in the Geoje Coast (South Korea) during Bloom Season. dcGTX, GTX, STX
19  2020 Conversion and Stability of New Metabolites of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins under Different Temperature and pH Conditions. NEO
20  2020 First Detection of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins from Alexandrium pacificum above the Regulatory Limit in Blue Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) in New South Wales, Australia. ---
21  2020 First Report of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Marine Invertebrates and Fish in Spain. HAB, HPLC-PCOX-FLD, PSP
22  2020 Heterologous Expression of an Unusual Ketosynthase, SxtA, Leads to Production of Saxitoxin Intermediates in Escherichia coli. ---
23  2020 Molecularly imprinted polymer solid phase extraction coupled with liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry for the detection of gonyautoxins 2&3 in seawater. HRMS, LOD, MISPE
24  2020 Multi-Toxin Quantitative Analysis of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Tetrodotoxins in Bivalve Mollusks with Ultra-Performance Hydrophilic Interaction LC-MS/MS-An In-House Validation Study. TTXs
25  2020 Multiple New Paralytic Shellfish Toxin Vectors in Offshore North Sea Benthos, a Deep Secret Exposed. ---
26  2020 Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST)-Transforming Enzymes: A Review. PST
27  2020 Paralytic shellfish poisoning due to ingestion of contaminated mussels: A 2018 case report in Caparica (Portugal). ---
28  2020 Phylogenetic relationships and genetic divergence of paralytic shellfish toxin- and cylindrospermopsin- producing Cylindrospermopsis and raphidiopsis. CYNs
29  2020 Production of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PSTs) in Toxic Alexandrium catenella is Intertwined with Photosynthesis and Energy Production. AC-T, PST
30  2020 Quick detection method for paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) monitoring in freshwater - A review. STXs
31  2020 Recent findings of paralytic shellfish toxins linked to the genus Alexandrium Halim in Mediterranean mollusc production areas. ---
32  2020 Semiquantitation of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Using Relative Molar Response Factors. CRMs, LC-CAD, LC-HRMS, LC-MS, RMRs, STX
33  2020 Structural basis for divergent C-H hydroxylation selectivity in two Rieske oxygenases. ---
34  2020 The Southeast Alaska Tribal Ocean Research (SEATOR) Partnership: Addressing Data Gaps in Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring and Shellfish Safety in Southeast Alaska. HABs, SEATOR
35  2020 Toxic dinoflagellate blooms of Gymnodinium catenatum and their cysts in Taiwan Strait and their relationship to global populations. ITS, LM, LSU, qPCR, SEM
36  2020 Toxin- and species-dependent regulation of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in scallops after exposure to paralytic shellfish toxin-producing dinoflagellates. ABC
37  2020 Variability of dinoflagellates and their associated toxins in relation with environmental drivers in Ambon Bay, eastern Indonesia. DSTs, PTX-2
38  2019 15N Stable Isotope Labeling PSTs in Alexandrium minutum for Application of PSTs as Biomarker. A. minutum
39  2019 Biocatalytic Detoxification of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins. VGSCs
40  2019 Diverse expression regulation of Hsp70 genes in scallops after exposure to toxic Alexandrium dinoflagellates. Hsp70s
41  2019 Environmental drivers of paralytic shellfish toxin producing Alexandrium catenella blooms in a fjord system of northern Southeast Alaska. PSP
42  2019 Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of SODs in Zhikong Scallop Reveals Gene Expansion and Regulation Divergence after Toxic Dinoflagellate Exposure. SOD
43  2019 Geographical distribution and seasonal variation in paralytic shellfish toxins in the coastal water of the South China Sea. BH, DF, HK, ST, SW, SY, SZ, WN, XW, YJ, ZJ
44  2019 Multiple biomarkers response in a Neotropical fish exposed to paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs). DEP, REP, RES, RES
45  2019 Seasonal and multi-annual trends of bivalve toxicity by PSTs in Portuguese marine waters. ---
46  2019 Solute carriers in scallop genome: Gene expansion and expression regulation after exposure to toxic dinoflagellate. SLCs
47  2019 Spatiotemporal variation of paralytic shellfish toxins in the sea area adjacent to the Changjiang River estuary. GTX4, HABs, HPLC-FLD
48  2019 Temporal Variation of the Profile and Concentrations of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Tetrodotoxin in the Scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis, Cultured in a Bay of East Japan. EFSA, HILIC, TTX
49  2019 The Cost of Toxicity in Microalgae: Direct Evidence From the Dinoflagellate Alexandrium. ---
50  2019 The Incidence of Marine Toxins and the Associated Seafood Poisoning Episodes in the African Countries of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. ASTs, CIs, CTXs, DSTs, HABs, MTs, TTXs
51  2018 A review of the global distribution of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) and comments on ecology and associated paralytic shellfish toxin profiles, with a focus on Northern Europe. ---
52  2018 Bioactive extracellular compounds produced by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum are highly detrimental for oysters. BECs
53  2018 Blurred lines: Multiple freshwater and marine algal toxins at the land-sea interface of San Francisco Bay, California. DSTs, SFB
54  2018 Combined effects of warming and acidification on accumulation and elimination dynamics of paralytic shellfish toxins in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis. HAB, PSP
55  2018 Cryptic diversity within the Scytonema complex: Characterization of the paralytic shellfish toxin producer Heterosyctonema crispum, and the establishment of the family Heteroscytonemataceae (Cyanobacteria/Nostocales). dcSTX, STX
56  2018 Dose-Response Modelling of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) in Humans. LOAEL, PSP, STX
57  2018 Dynamics of paralytic shellfish toxins and their metabolites during timecourse exposure of scallops Chlamys farreri and mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis to Alexandrium pacificum. ---
58  2018 Exposure assessment to paralytic shellfish toxins through the shellfish consumption in Korea. ---
59  2018 iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of a Toxigenic Dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella and Its Non-toxigenic Mutant Exposed to a Cell Cycle Inhibitor Colchicine. ---
60  2018 iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of a Toxigenic Dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella at Different Stages of Toxin Biosynthesis during the Cell Cycle. iTRAQ
61  2018 Large-scale Cultivation of Gymnodinium Catenatum for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Toxin Standards. ELISA, GTX5, GTX6, HPLC
62  2018 Paralytic Shellfish Toxins Occurrence in Non-Traditional Invertebrate Vectors from North Atlantic Waters (Azores, Madeira, and Morocco). ---
63  2018 Rapid analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins and tetrodotoxins by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using a porous graphitic carbon column. 4,9-anhTTX, G. catenatum, LC-MS, TTX
64  2018 The accumulation dynamics, elimination and risk assessment of paralytic shellfish toxins in fish from a water supply reservoir. EES, FS
65  2017 Acute Toxicities of the Saxitoxin Congeners Gonyautoxin 5, Gonyautoxin 6, Decarbamoyl Gonyautoxin 2&3, Decarbamoyl Neosaxitoxin, C-1&2 and C-3&4 to Mice by Various Routes of Administration. TEFs
66  2017 Detection of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Mussels and Oysters Using the Qualitative Neogen Lateral-Flow Immunoassay: An Interlaboratory Study. POD, STX
67  2017 Development and validation of a high-throughput online solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the detection of gonyautoxins 1&4 and gonyautoxins 2&3 in human urine. GTXs
68  2017 Differential Mobility Spectrometry for Improved Selectivity in Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins. CV, DMS
69  2017 Distinctly different behavioral responses of a copepod, Temora longicornis, to different strains of toxic dinoflagellates, Alexandrium spp. ---
70  2017 Guanidinium Toxins and Their Interactions with Voltage-Gated Sodium Ion Channels. STX, TTX
71  2017 Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for quantitation of paralytic shellfish toxins: validation and application to reference materials. ESI, LC-ox-FLD, PSP
72  2017 Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Cyanotoxins in the Mediterranean: New Data from Sardinia and Sicily (Italy). BMAA, ELISA, HPLC, MCs
73  2017 Proposed Biotransformation Pathways for New Metabolites of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins Based on Field and Experimental Mussel Samples. GTX, NEO, STX
74  2017 Single-Laboratory Validation of the Neogen Qualitative Lateral Flow Immunoassay for the Detection of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Mussels and Oysters. POD, STX
75  2017 Whole Transcriptomic Analysis Provides Insights into Molecular Mechanisms for Toxin Biosynthesis in a Toxic Dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella (ACHK-T). ---
76  2016 Algal toxins and producers in the marine waters of Qatar, Arabian Gulf. AST, CIs, DST, ELISA, PnTx
77  2016 Biosynthetic route towards saxitoxin and shunt pathway. ---
78  2016 Exposure to the Paralytic Shellfish Toxin Producer Alexandrium catenella Increases the Susceptibility of the Oyster Crassostrea gigas to Pathogenic Vibrios. ---
79  2016 Exposure to the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella modulates juvenile oyster Crassostrea gigas hemocyte variables subjected to different biotic conditions. ROS, SPF
80  2016 Hsp70 gene expansions in the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis and their expression regulation after exposure to the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella. HABs, PyHsp70s
81  2016 Low dose extended exposure to saxitoxin and its potential neurodevelopmental effects: A review. STX
82  2016 Matrix effects on a cell-based assay used for the detection of paralytic shellfish toxins in bivalve shellfish samples. AOAC, O/V, TE
83  2016 Paralytic shellfish toxins in phytoplankton and shellfish samples collected from the Bohai Sea, China. HG, HLD, HPLC, LS, LZ, QHD
84  2016 The Contents and Composition of Tetrodotoxin and Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Toxins in Marine Pufferfish Canthigaster rivulata. dcSTX, LC-FLD, LC-MS, LOQ, STX, TTX
85  2015 Analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins using high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. ESI, FAIMS
86  2015 Development and Validation of a Novel Lateral Flow Immunoassay (LFIA) for the Rapid Screening of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PSTs) from Shellfish Extracts. LFIA
87  2015 iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis of a toxigenic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella and its non-toxic mutant. ---
88  2015 Neutralizing effect of hemolymph from the shore crab, Thalamita crenata, on paralytic shellfish toxins. ---
89  2015 Paralytic shellfish toxin biosynthesis in cyanobacteria and dinoflagellates: A molecular overview. PSPs
90  2015 Profiles of paralytic shellfish toxins in bivalves of low and elevated toxicities following exposure to Gymnodinium catenatum blooms in Portuguese estuarine and coastal waters. ---
91  2015 Relationship of proteomic variation and toxin synthesis in the dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense CI01 under phosphorus and inorganic nitrogen limitation. ---
92  2015 Single-Laboratory Validation of a Multitoxin Ultra-Performance LC-Hydrophilic Interaction LC-MS/MS Method for Quantitation of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins in Bivalve Shellfish. ---
93  2015 Toxin profile of Gymnodinium catenatum (Dinophyceae) from the Portuguese coast, as determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. dcGTX3, dcNeo, dcSTX, GC1, GTX5, GTX6, PSP
94  2014 A feedback mechanism to control apoptosis occurs in the digestive gland of the oyster crassostrea gigas exposed to the paralytic shellfish toxins producer Alexandrium catenella. ---
95  2014 A national survey of marine biotoxins in wild-caught abalone in Australia. ASTs, DSTs
96  2014 Capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish: comparison of detection methods. HPLC-FLD
97  2014 Comparative transcriptome analysis of a toxin-producing dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella and its non-toxic mutant. ---
98  2014 Droplet microfluidics for postcolumn reactions in capillary electrophoresis. CE, CZE, EOF
99  2014 Impact of nitrogen sources on gene expression and toxin production in the diazotroph Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii CS-505 and non-diazotroph Raphidiopsis brookii D9. CYN
100  2014 Paralytic shellfish toxins, including deoxydecarbamoyl-STX, in wild-caught Tasmanian abalone (Haliotis rubra). doSTX