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Abbreviation : HK
Long Form : head kidney
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
1985 Mobilization and activation of nonspecific cytotoxic cells (NCC) in the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) infected with Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. NCC
1999 Enhancement of phagocytic and chemokinetic activities of rainbow trout head kidney cells by C-reactive protein. CRP
1999 Identification of differentially expressed genes in Con A-activated carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) leucocytes. 16S rRNA, BH, EF-1 beta, Hsc70, mRNA
2002 Levamisole is a potent enhancer of gilthead seabream natural cytotoxic activity. ---
2003 Cloning and analyses of a BPI/LBP cDNA of the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). BPI, LBP
2003 Different capacities of carp leukocytes to encounter nitric oxide-mediated stress: a role for the intracellular reduced glutathione pool. G6PD, gamma-GCS, LPS, MnSOD, NO, PBL
2003 Isolation and characterization of a novel CXC chemokine in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). ---
2003 Non-specific immune response of turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.), experimentally infected with a pathogenic Vibrio pelagius. CL, NO, SNAP
2004 Characterization of a new C-type lectin from common carp Cyprinus carpio. EST, LPS, RT
10  2004 The tumor necrosis factor alpha of the bony fish seabream exhibits the in vivo proinflammatory and proliferative activities of its mammalian counterparts, yet it functions in a species-specific manner. TNF-alpha
11  2005 Adhesion and ingestion activities of fish phagocytes induced by bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida can be distinguished and directly measured from highly diluted whole blood of fish. Ab, CL, HI-IS, IS, NS, RB
12  2005 Neutrophils and B-cells in blood and head kidney of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) challenged with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). HKL, i.p, IPNV, mAb, PBL
13  2005 The colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor is a specific marker of macrophages from the bony fish gilthead seabream. ---
14  2006 Cytokine expression in leucocytes and gut cells of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, induced by probiotics. ---
15  2006 Long-term exposure to arsenic affects head kidney and impairs humoral immune responses of Clarias batrachus. ---
16  2006 Quantitative and qualitative assessment of serum- and inflammatory mediator-induced migration of carp (Cyprinus carpio) head kidney neutrophils in vitro. fMLP, LTB4, rhC5a, rhCXCL8, ROS
17  2007 An attenuated plasmid-cured strain of Aeromonas hydrophila elicits protective immunity in Clarias batrachus L. UDS
18  2007 Cortisol response and immune-related effects of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus) subjected to short- and long-term stress. IL-1beta, LPS
19  2007 CpG oligodeoxynucleotides up-regulate antibacterial systems and induce protection against bacterial challenge in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ODN
20  2007 Effects of tebufenozide on some aspects of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) immune response. WBCs
21  2007 In vivo kinetics of cytokine expression during peritonitis in carp: evidence for innate and alternative macrophage polarization. PTL
22  2007 Molecular cloning and expression analysis of T-bet in ginbuna crucian carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii). PBL, T-bet, Th
23  2008 Acute osmotic stress affects Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) innate immune responses. SW
24  2008 Chronic exposure to the parasite Enteromyxum leei (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) modulates the immune response and the expression of growth, redox and immune relevant genes in gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L. IL, TNF
25  2008 Functional characterization of the ELR motif in piscine ELR+CXC-like chemokine. hrIL-8
26  2008 Long-term hematopoietic reconstitution by transplantation of kidney hematopoietic stem cells in lethally irradiated clonal ginbuna crucian carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii). BK, HSCs, MLD
27  2009 Chronic exposure to low concentration of arsenic is immunotoxic to fish: role of head kidney macrophages as biomarkers of arsenic toxicity to Clarias batrachus. HKM, HKSI
28  2009 Effects of serum on phagocytic activity and proteomic analysis of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) serum after acute osmotic stress. FW, SW
29  2009 Expression profiles of genes associated with immune response and oxidative stress in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua head kidney leukocytes modulated by live and heat-inactivated intestinal bacteria. NCCRP-1
30  2009 The immune response in catfish, Mystus gulio. PFC
31  2010 Adrenocorticotrophic hormone-stimulated cortisol release by the head kidney inter-renal tissue from sea bream (Sparus aurata) fed with linseed oil and soyabean oil. ACTH, COX, HUFA, INDO, LO, LOX, NDGA, SF, SO
32  2010 Bipolar properties of red seabream (Pagrus major) transforming growth factor-beta in induction of the leucocytes migration. LPS, PB, rTGF-beta
33  2010 Identification and analysis of a Sciaenops ocellatus ISG15 homologue that is involved in host immune defense against bacterial infection. bp, LPS, UTR
34  2010 Influence of alginic acid and fucoidan on the immune responses of head kidney leukocytes in cod. ---
35  2010 Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 inhibits head kidney macrophage activation and cytokine expression in Scophthalmus maximus. KIR, SH2, SOCS
36  2010 The iron-cofactored superoxide dismutase of Edwardsiella tarda inhibits macrophage-mediated innate immune response. FeSOD
37  2010 Unmethylated CpG oligodeoxynucleotides activate head kidney leukocytes of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. ODNs
38  2011 Cloning and expression analysis of the transforming growth factor-beta receptors type 1 and 2 in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. LPS, TGF-beta
39  2011 CXCL8 of Scophthalmus maximus: expression, biological activity and immunoregulatory effect. qRT-PCR, rSmCXCL8
40  2011 Interleukin-8 of Cynoglossus semilaevis is a chemoattractant with immunoregulatory property. IL-8, rCsIL8
41  2011 Invivo innate immune responses of groper (Polyprion oxygeneios) against Miamiensis avidus infection and lack of protection following dietary vitamin C administration. HKLs, MPO, Px
42  2011 IPNV modulation of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokine expression in Atlantic salmon might help the establishment of infection and persistence. ---
43  2011 Long-term stimulation of trout head kidney cells with the cytokines MCSF, IL-2 and IL-6: gene expression dynamics. IL, M-CSF, MCSFR2
44  2011 Morphocytochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characterization of the head kidney of fat snook Centropomus parallelus. ---
45  2011 Sequencing of a second interleukin-10 gene in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and comparative investigation of the expression and modulation of the paralogues invitro and invivo. CI, IL-10, uORF, UTR
46  2011 The high mobility group box 1 protein of Sciaenops ocellatus is a secreted cytokine that stimulates macrophage activation. HMGB1, rSoHMGB1
47  2012 A single immunoglobulin-domain IgSF protein from Sciaenops ocellatus regulates pathogen-induced immune response in a negative manner. IgSF, ITIM, NITRs
48  2012 Antibodies recognizing both IgM isotypes in Atlantic salmon. Ig, mAbs, pAb, PB
49  2012 Comparison between intestinal and non-mucosal immune functions of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. NKEF, PBL
50  2012 Cynoglossus semilaevis ISG15: a secreted cytokine-like protein that stimulates antiviral immune response in a LRGG motif-dependent manner. rCsISG15
51  2012 Prolactin-releasing peptide is a potent mediator of the innate immune response in leukocytes from Salmo salar. PRL, ROS
52  2012 The ontogeny of New Zealand groper (Polyprion oxygeneios) lymphoid organs and IgM. ---
53  2012 Transforming growth factor-beta1b: a second TGF-beta1 paralogue in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) that has a lower constitutive expression but is more responsive to immune stimulation. aa, LPS, PAMPs, VHSV
54  2013 Cytokine expression in head-kidney leucocytes of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) after incubation with the probiotic Vagococcus fluvialis L-21. CASP3, COX-2, IL-1, IL-10, IL-6
55  2013 Cytokine responses in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) head kidney cells induced with heat-killed probiotics isolated from the Mongolian dairy products. ---
56  2013 Homing of Antigen-Presenting Cells in Head Kidney and Spleen - Salmon Head Kidney Hosts Diverse APC Types. APCs, DCs, ODNs, OVA
57  2013 Immune parameters correlating with reduced susceptibility to pancreas disease in experimentally challenged Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). ISA, PD, SIgM, SPDV
58  2013 In vitro immunopathogenesis of Edwardsiella tarda in catla Catla catla (Hamilton). ---
59  2013 Macrophage migration inhibitory factor of Sciaenops ocellatus regulates immune cell trafficking and is involved in pathogen-induced immune response. MIF, rSoMIF
60  2014 Development of a multiplex assay to measure the effects of shipping and storage conditions on the quality of RNA used in molecular assays for detection of viral haemorrhagic septicemia virus. Ct, ELF1alpha, RT-qPCR, VHSV
61  2014 Effects of Prunella vulgaris labiatae extract on specific and non-specific immune responses in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). P. vulgaris L
62  2014 Fish granulocytes express a constitutively active androgen receptor variant. AGs, AR, LBD
63  2014 Four CISH paralogues are present in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss: differential expression and modulation during immune responses and development. rIL, SH2, SOCS
64  2014 Inflammatory responses in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) head kidney cells stimulated with an inflammasome-inducing agent, nigericin. IL, NF, NLRX1, NOD2
65  2015 Characterization and expression of MHC class II alpha and II beta genes in mangrove red snapper (Lutjanus argentimaculatus). MHC
66  2015 Effects of intracellular products of Bacillus subtilis VSG1 and Lactobacillus plantarum VSG3 on cytokine responses in the head kidney macrophages of Labeo rohita. COX-2, hps, ICPs, IFN-1, IL-10, LPS, NF-kappaB, qRT-PCR, TNF-alpha
67  2015 Flavonoid fraction of guava leaf extract attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response via blocking of NF-kappaB signalling pathway in Labeo rohita macrophages. COX-2, FGLE, IL-1beta, iNOS, LPS, MAPK, NO, PGE2, TNF-alpha
68  2015 Immune responses in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) head kidney cells stimulated with particulate silica. qRT-PCR
69  2015 In vitro characterization of 6-Coumarin loaded solid lipid nanoparticles and their uptake by immunocompetent fish cells. 6COUM, MPs, SLN
70  2015 Inductive immune responses in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) treated with recombinant IFN-gamma, IFN-gammarel, IL-4/13A and IL-4/13B. dpi, IFN-gamma, IL, TNF-alpha
71  2015 Inflammatory immune response by lipopolysaccharide-responsive nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes). IL, Lpp, LPS, NLRs, NOD
72  2015 Persistent infections with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) of different virulence in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. IPNV, LV
73  2016 A high-mobility group box 1 that binds to DNA, enhances pro-inflammatory activity, and acts as an anti-infection molecule in black rockfish, Sebastes schlegelii. HMGB, UTR
74  2016 Characterisation of ZBTB46 and DC-SCRIPT/ZNF366 in rainbow trout, transcription factors potentially involved in dendritic cell maturation and activation in fish. ---
75  2016 CpG ODN mimicking CpG rich region of myxosporean Myxobolus supamattayai stimulates innate immunity in Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer) and defense against Streptococcus iniae. ODNs, PAMPs, TLR9
76  2016 Heat-killed whole-cell products of the probiotic Pseudomonas aeruginosa VSG2 strain affect invitro cytokine expression in head kidney macrophages of Labeo rohita. COX-2, HKWCPs, hps, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-10, LPS, NF-kappaB, qRT-PCR, TNF-alpha
77  2016 Impact of selenium supplementation on fish antiviral responses: a whole transcriptomic analysis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed supranutritional levels of Sel-Plex. PAMP, Se
78  2016 Inducible headkidney cytochrome P450 contributes to endosulfan immunotoxicity in walking catfish Clarias gariepinus. ANF, CYP1A, ESS
79  2016 Pinocembrin attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in Labeo rohita macrophages via the suppression of the NF-kappaB signalling pathway. COX-2, IL-1beta, iNOS, LPS, MAPKs, NO, PGE2, TNF-alpha
80  2017 Chronic endosulfan exposure impairs immune response rendering Clarias gariepinus susceptible to microbial infection. HKM
81  2017 Chronic fluoride exposure exacerbates headkidney pathology and causes immune commotion in Clarias gariepinus. HKL, HKM, HKSI, MMCs
82  2017 Head kidney, liver and skin histopathology and gene expression in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) exposed to highly polluted marine sediments from Portman Bay (Spain). CAT, COX-2, CSF-1R, GR, hep, IgM, IL1B, SOD
83  2017 Immunomodulatory effects of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaf extract and its derivative compound, rhodomyrtone, on head kidney macrophages of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). ROS
84  2017 Vitamin D3 affects innate immune status of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). vD3
85  2018 Characterization, expression signatures and microbial binding analysis of cathepsin A in turbot, Scophthalmus maximus L.(SmCTSA). LPS, LTA, ORF, PGN, SmCTSA
86  2018 Profiling Atlantic salmon B cell populations: CpG-mediated TLR-ligation enhances IgM secretion and modulates immune gene expression. ASCs
87  2019 Advances in salmonid fish immunology: A review of methods and techniques for lymphoid tissue and peripheral blood leucocyte isolation and application. DDGC, PB
88  2019 Characterisation of scavenger receptor class B type 1 in rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus). GCRV, MK, ORF, SRB1, SRs
89  2019 Characterization of a new il-4/13 homologue in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and its cooperation with M-CSF to promote macrophage proliferation. aa, CDS, E. coli, iNOS, NO, rgc
90  2019 Characterization of the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of a polysaccharide-based bioflocculant from Bacillus subtilis F9. DPPH, LPS, PBB
91  2019 Dietary administration of PVC and PE microplastics produces histological damage, oxidative stress and immunoregulation in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). PE, PVC
92  2019 Dietary tryptophan supplementation induces a transient immune enhancement of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juveniles fed fishmeal-free diets. AA, Trp, WSM
93  2019 Effect of symbiotic supplemented diet on innate-adaptive immune response, cytokine gene regulation and antioxidant property in Labeo rohita against Aeromonas hydrophila. ACP, CAT, CC3, GB, GPx, IgM, LA, PA, RBA, SOD, TP, WBC
94  2019 Florfenicol alleviated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in Ctenopharyngodon idella through inhibiting toll / NF-kappaB signaling pathways. COX-2, FFC, LPS, MyD88, NF-kappaB, NO, PGE 2, TAK1, TLR2, TRAF6
95  2019 Immune gene expression in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) after Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV-Sa) challenge resulting in asymptomatic infection. IFN, LCDV-Sa
96  2019 Innate-immune responses of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) exposure to acute cold stress. mRNA, Mx, RB
97  2019 Kinetics of local and systemic immune cell responses in whirling disease infection and resistance in rainbow trout. CF, HO, SP, TL, WD
98  2019 Protec™ improves innate immune response and specific antibody response against Lactococcus garvieae in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). LPS, PHA, PMA
99  2019 Recombinant nodavirus vaccine produced in bacteria and administered without purification elicits humoral immunity and protects European sea bass against infection. IFN, rNNV
100  2020 Histological and Ultrastructural Studies of the Unique Hemopoietic-Endocrine Organ of the Grass Carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844). GFAP, ICs, MMCs, SMA
101  2020 Identification of novel long non-coding RNAs involved in bisphenol A induced immunotoxicity in fish primary macrophages. BPA, BPS, EDC, lncRNAs, RNA-Seq
102  2020 Immunohistological Biomarkers of Toxicity by a Pharmaceutical Antidepressant in the Freshwater Cichlid Fish Cichlasoma dimerus (Teleostei, Cichliformes). FLX, MMCs
103  2020 Immunostimulatory effects of Sarcodia suiae water extracts on Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and its resistance against Streptococcus agalactiae. PLE, SLE, THK
104  2020 Metabolic and immune responses of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) smolts to a short-term poly (I:C) challenge. RBC, SP
105  2021 Cytotoxic and immunological responses of fish leukocytes to nodularin exposure in vitro. CLC, NOD
106  2021 Effects of Chronic Hypoxia on the Immune Status of Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca Linnaeus, 1758). DO
107  2021 Effects of subcutaneous injection of λ/κ-carrageenin on the immune and liver antioxidant status of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). p.i
108  2021 Impact of grape pomace flour (GPF) on immunity and immune-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory genes expression in Labeo rohita against Flavobacterium columnaris. ACP, GPF, GPx, IgM, LYZ, MDA, PC, RB, SOD