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Abbreviation : WKYs
Long Form : Wistar-Kyoto rats
No. Year Title Co-occurring Abbreviation
1978 Cardiac muscle mechanics from Doca- and aging spontaneously hypertensive rats. MRP, SHRs
1979 Diminished sympathetic silent period in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
1980 Effect of salt on the vascular lesions of spontaneously hypertensive rats. BP, SHR
1981 Circulating hypotensive factor in pregnant spontaneously hypertensive rats. PGE1, PGE2, PGF2 alpha, SHRs
1982 Are isolated femoral resistance vessels or tail arteries good models for the hindquarter vasculature of spontaneously hypertensive rats? SHRs
1982 Electrolyte and water balance in young spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
1984 Dynorphin-(1-13)-like immunoreactivity in central nervous system and pituitary gland of spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
1984 Pharmacological characterization of apomorphine-induced hypothermia in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. NWRs, SHRs
1985 Calcium entry blockers: antihypertensive and natriuretic effects in experimental animals. SHRs
10  1985 Lack of effect of anti-hypertensive treatment with felodipine on cardiovascular structure of young spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
11  1985 Narcotic antagonist-induced hypotension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. HR, MAP, SHRs
12  1985 Sex and strain differences in morphine-induced temperature effects in WKYs and SHRs. SHRs
13  1986 Contractile effects of Bay k 8644, a dihydropyridine calcium agonist, on isolated femoral arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
14  1986 Diminished alpha 2-adrenoceptor-mediated modulation of noradrenergic neurotransmission in the posterior hypothalamus of spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
15  1986 Endothelial modulation of vascular relaxation to nitrovasodilators in aging and hypertension. SHRs
16  1987 Effects of dihydropyridines on tension and calcium-45 influx in isolated mesenteric resistance vessels from spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats. SHRs
17  1987 Vascular structure and smooth muscle contractility in experimental hypertension. SHR
18  1989 Altered microvascular response to adenosine in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. DAVG, SHRs
19  1989 Central pressor actions of neurokinin B: increases in neurokinin B contents in discrete nuclei in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
20  1989 Treatment with tin prevents the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. AA, BP, SHRs
21  1990 Hindbrain ischemia produced by bilateral vertebral artery occlusion and moderate hypotension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. ATP, SHRs
22  1990 Respiratory-related discharge pattern of sympathetic nerve activity in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. SHRs
23  1991 Altered inotropic responses in diabetic cardiomyopathy and hypertensive-diabetic cardiomyopathy. SHRs
24  1991 Evidence for enhanced inhibitory modulation by cyclooxygenase products of noradrenergic neurotransmission in the mesenteric vasculature of young spontaneously hypertensive rats. NE, SHRs
25  1991 Fibrinolytic effect of tissue plasminogen activator on cerebral embolism in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRSPs, tPA
26  1991 Increased apomorphine-induced hypothermia precedes development of hypertension in SHRs. SBPs, SHRs
27  1991 NG-monomethyl-L-arginine-induced pressor response at developmental and established stages in spontaneously hypertensive rats. ACh, L-NMMA, NO, SHRs, wk
28  1992 [Studies on angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory effect of imidapril. (I). Inhibition of various tissue ACEs in vitro]. ACE, SHRs
29  1993 Decreased sensitivity of aorta from hypertensive rats to vasorelaxation by tyrphostin. PTKs, SHRs, VSM
30  1993 Effect of calcium antagonist, manidipine hydrochloride, on renal hemodynamics and tubuloglomerular feedback in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs, TGF
31  1993 Femoral head necrosis and osteopenia in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSPs). BMD, SHRs, SHRSPs
32  1994 Cardiovascular and analgesic effects of a highly palatable diet in spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats. HPDs, SHRs
33  1994 Decrease in vasodilator effects of platelet-activating factor in resistance vessels of spontaneously hypertensive rats. PAF, SHRs
34  1995 Cell-free thymic extract from hypertensive rats induces hypertension in normotensive rats. SD, SHR
35  1995 Properties of circulating leukocytes in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
36  1995 [Observation of retinal vasculature in experimental renal hypertension rat using bis-benzimide]. B-FRP, RHRs, SHRs
37  1996 Mesenteric arterial function in vitro in three models of experimental hypertension. ACh, DOCs, LZRs, OZRs, SHRs
38  1996 Peritoneal leucocytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats have reduced chemiluminescence response and lowered sensitivity to dexamethasone in vivo. fMLP, PMA, SHR, SOZ
39  1996 Prevention of high blood pressure by reducing sympathetic innervation in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. anti-NGF, SHR
40  1997 Expression and localization of angiotensin II type 1 receptor mRNA in rat ocular tissues. AT1
41  1997 Levels of dynorphin peptides in the central nervous system and pituitary gland of the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Dyn A-LI, Dyn B-LI, SHRs
42  1998 Antihypertensive treatment improves endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization in the mesenteric artery of spontaneously hypertensive rats. EDHF, SHRs
43  1998 Enhanced antinociception of clonidine in spontaneously hypertensive rats involves a presynaptic noradrenergic mechanism. LC, NE, SHRs
44  1998 Glucose intolerance in spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats: enhanced gene expression and synthesis of skeletal muscle glucose transporter 4. GLUT4, SHRs
45  1998 Inhibitory effect of tranilast on hypertrophic collagen production in the spontaneously hypertensive rat heart. SHR
46  1998 Preventive effects of Shichimotsu-koka-to on renal lesions in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRSPs, SKT, SOD, XOD
47  1998 Salt induces myocardial and renal fibrosis in normotensive and hypertensive rats. LV, SHRs, TGF-beta1
48  1998 Variations in insulin sensitivity in spontaneously hypertensive rats from different sources. GIR, IST, SHRs, SSBG
49  1999 Acute hemodynamic effects of ethanol in conscious spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats. CO, HR, MAP, SHRs, SV, TPR
50  1999 Angiotensinogen gene-activating elements regulate blood pressure in the brain. AGE, ODNs, SHRs
51  1999 Chronic endothelin-1 improves nitric oxide-dependent flow-induced dilation in resistance arteries from normotensive and hypertensive rats. ET-1, L-NAME, SHRs
52  1999 Effect of pregnancy on insulin metabolism in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
53  1999 Prolonged L-arginine on cardiovascular mass and myocardial hemodynamics and collagen in aged spontaneously hypertensive rats and normal rats. SHR
54  2000 Angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. ACEIs, AT1R, ICVF, LV, LVH, LVW, SBP, SHRSPs
55  2000 Etiologic factors in femoral head osteonecrosis in growing rats. SHRs
56  2000 Increased ganglionic responses to substance P in hypertensive rats due to upregulation of NK(1) receptors. SHRs, SP
57  2001 Altered growth response to prostaglandin E2 and its receptor signaling in mesangial cells from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. ERK, MCs, PG, SHRSPs
58  2001 Designing potent derivatives of ovokinin(2-7), an anti-hypertensive peptide derived from ovalbumin. SHRs
59  2001 Potentiation by endothelin-1 of vasoconstrictor response in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRSPs
60  2002 Early myocardial fibrosis is associated with depletion of vasoactive intestinal peptide in rat heart. SHRs, VIP
61  2002 Induction of heme oxygenase-1 and stimulation of cGMP production by hemin in aortic tissues from hypertensive rats. BP, CO, HO, sGC, SHRs
62  2003 EEG power spectra changes and forebrain ischemia in rats. SHRs
63  2003 Effect of beta-adrenoceptor antagonist and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor on hypertension-associated changes in adenylyl cyclase type V messenger RNA expression in spontaneously hypertensive rats. AC, LVH, mRNA, RAS, SHRs
64  2003 Measurement of oxidative stress in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat brain using in vivo electron spin resonance spectroscopy. SHRSPs
65  2003 Rapid proliferation of prostatic epithelial cells in spontaneously hypertensive rats: a model of spontaneous hypertension and prostate hyperplasia. BrdU, PECs, SHRs
66  2004 Differential cardiovascular responses to stressors in hypertensive and normotensive rats. SD, SHRs
67  2004 Prolonged tissue PO2 reduction after contraction in spinotrapezius muscle of spontaneously hypertensive rats. RBC, SHRs
68  2004 [Changes of neuronal nitric oxide synthase-immunopositive neurons in the central amygdaloid nucleus of spontaneously hypertensive rats]. nNOS, SHRs
69  2005 A role for muscarinic receptors or rho-kinase in hypertension associated rat bladder dysfunction? SHRs
70  2005 Inhibition of NF-kappaB induces regression of cardiac hypertrophy, independent of blood pressure control, in spontaneously hypertensive rats. IKKbeta, NF, PDTC, SHRs
71  2005 Relation between QRS amplitude and left ventricular mass in the initial stage of exercise-induced left ventricular hypertrophy in rats. LVH, LVM, SHRs, SP, SWIM
72  2006 Early onset of a decreased intracellular magnesium and phosphate concentration in smooth muscle cell of SHR. SHRs
73  2007 Angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonists exert anti-inflammatory effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats. CCR2, MCP-1, SHRs
74  2007 Differential splicing patterns of L-type calcium channel Cav1.2 subunit in hearts of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats and Wistar Kyoto Rats. SHRs
75  2007 Monocytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats show increased store-operated and second messenger-operated calcium influx mediated by transient receptor potential canonical Type 3 channels. SHRs, siRNA, TRPC3
76  2007 Phospholipase C expression and activity in smooth muscle cells of renal arterioles and aorta of young, spontaneously hypertensive rats during culture. PLC, SHRs, VSMCs
77  2007 Spontaneously hypertensive rats are highly vulnerable to AMPA-induced brain lesions. AMPA, NMDA, SHRs
78  2007 Vasodilator effects of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on retinal arterioles in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRSPs
79  2008 Effects of atorvastatin on calcium-regulating proteins: a possible mechanism to repair cardiac dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats. PLB, SERCA2a, SHRs
80  2008 Genotoxic studies in hypertensive and normotensive rats treated with amiodarone. SHR
81  2008 Glucosyl hesperidin prevents endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress in spontaneously hypertensive rats. G-hesperidin, SHRs
82  2008 Intrarenal angiotensin III infusion induces natriuresis and angiotensin type 2 receptor translocation in Wistar-Kyoto but not in spontaneously hypertensive rats. AM, Ang, RI, SHRs
83  2008 Voltage gated K+ channel expression in arteries of Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs, SMAs, TAs
84  2009 AT(1) receptor blockers increase insulin-like growth factor-I production by stimulating sensory neurons in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ang II, cAMP, CGRP, CPZ, DRG, IGF-I, MABP, mRNA, SHRs, VR1
85  2009 Intrarenal aminopeptidase N inhibition restores defective angiontesin II type 2-mediated natriuresis in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ang, SHRs
86  2009 Seed-specific expression of truncated OsGAD2 produces GABA-enriched rice grains that influence a decrease in blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. CaM-BD, GABA, GAD, SHRs
87  2010 Effects of suboptimal doses of the AT1 receptor blocker, telmisartan, with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, ramipril, on cerebral arterioles in spontaneously hypertensive rat. ACEIs, ARBs, CBF, RAM, SHRs, TEL
88  2010 Hypertensive hypertrophied myocardium is vulnerable to infarction and refractory to erythropoietin-induced protection. EPO, SHRSPs
89  2010 Renin inhibition mitigates anti-angiogenesis in spontaneously hypertensive rats. L-NAME, MAP, SHRs
90  2010 Response acquisition with signaled delayed reinforcement in a rodent model of ADHD. SHRs
91  2010 Striatal volume changes in a rat model of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ADHD, SHRs
92  2012 Importance of stress receptor-mediated mechanisms in the amygdala on visceral pain perception in an intrinsically anxious rat. CeA, CRD, CRF, GR, IBS, MR, VMR
93  2012 Rosuvastatin-attenuated heart failure in aged spontaneously hypertensive rats via PKCalpha/beta2 signal pathway. BNP, CaMKII, CcO, EM, PLB, PPI-1, RyR2, SBP, SERCA-2, SHRs
94  2013 Administration of telmisartan reduced systolic blood pressure and oxidative stress probably through the activation of PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway and NO release in spontaneously hypertensive rats. NO, SBP, SHRs
95  2013 Blockade of central orexin 2 receptors reduces arterial pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. HR, MAP, OX1R, RVLM, SHRs
96  2013 Effect of farnesyltransferase inhibition on cardiac remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats. FT, IVSd, RWT, SHRs
97  2013 Effects of enalapril on the expression of cardiac angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in spontaneously hypertensive rats. ACE2, mRNA, RAS, SHRs
98  2013 Exercise training at MLSS decreases weight gain and increases aerobic capacity in obese Zucker rats. BW, MLSS, OZRs
99  2013 Profilin-1 promotes the development of hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy. eNOS, NO, SHRs
100  2013 Vascular VPO1 expression is related to the endothelial dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats. eNOS, HOCl, ROS, SHRs, VPO1
101  2014 Acanthopanax divaricatus var. chiisanensis reduces blood pressure via the endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway in the spontaneously hypertensive rat model. AD, AE, Ang II, BP, eNOS, HC, SHRs, SN, WN
102  2014 Anti-hypertensive effect of radiofrequency renal denervation in spontaneously hypertensive rats. BP, HR, RDN, RF, SHRs
103  2014 Hydrogen sulfide alleviates myocardial collagen remodeling in association with inhibition of TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway in spontaneously hypertensive rats. CFs, CVF, MMP, SHRs, TbetaRI, TGF-beta1, TIMP
104  2014 Improving erectile function of spontaneously hypertensive rats by silencing ROCK2. eNOS, mRNA, ROCK2, SHRs, siRNA
105  2014 Profilin-1 promotes the development of hypertension-induced artery remodeling. IL-6, iNOS, SHRs
106  2015 Arterial Hypertension Aggravates Innate Immune Responses after Experimental Stroke. ICAM-1, SHRs, VCAM-1
107  2015 Exercise training reverses alterations in Kv and BKCa channel molecular expression in thoracic aorta smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHR-SED, SHRs
108  2015 Sympathetic Hyperactivity, Sleep Fragmentation, and Wake-Related Blood Pressure Surge During Late-Light Sleep in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. BP, SHRs, WBPS, ZT
109  2016 Aerobic exercise of low to moderate intensity corrects unequal changes in BK(Ca) subunit expression in the mesenteric arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ca, MAs, SHR, VSMCs
110  2016 Attenuation of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats by acupuncture was associated with reduction oxidative stress and improvement from endothelial dysfunction. DHE, ROS, SHRs
111  2016 Enhancing hepatic fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats fed a choline-deficient diet: a follow-up report on long-term effects of oxidative stress in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. CD, NAFLD, SHRs, TBARS
112  2016 Functional inhibition of urea transporter UT-B enhances endothelial-dependent vasodilatation and lowers blood pressure via L-arginine-endothelial nitric oxide synthase-nitric oxide pathway. eNOS, SHRs, UTs
113  2016 Hypomethylation of Agtrap is associated with long-term inhibition of left ventricular hypertrophy in prehypertensive losartan-treated spontaneously hypertensive rats. LVH, LVM/BW, SBP, SHRs
114  2016 Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress improves coronary artery function in the spontaneously hypertensive rats. ER, SHRs
115  2016 Long-term antihypertensive effects of far-infrared ray irradiated from wooden board in spontaneously hypertensive rats. BP, FIR, SHRs
116  2016 Reduced capacity of autonomic and baroreflex control associated with sleep pattern in spontaneously hypertensive rats with a nondipping profile. BP, lQS, SHRs
117  2016 Rescue of hypertension-related impairment of angiogenesis by therapeutic ultrasound. eNOS, HIF-1alpha, p-Akt, SHRs, TUS, VEGF
118  2016 Resveratrol ameliorates renal injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats by inhibiting renal micro-inflammation. beta2-MG, Ccr, CKD, Col I, FN, ICAM-1, IL-6, MCP-1, NF-kappaB, PAI-1, RSV, SHR, TGF-beta1
119  2017 Altered mitochondrial function, capacitative calcium entry and contractions in the aorta of hypertensive rats. CCE, SHRs, SOCs, STIM1
120  2017 ANTXR2 Knock-Out Does Not Result in the Development of Hypertension in Rats. ANTXR2, GWASs, SHRs, WT
121  2017 Comparative Analysis of Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS)-Related Gene Expression Between Hypertensive and Normotensive Rats. RAS
122  2017 Excessively low salt diet damages the heart through activation of cardiac (pro) renin receptor, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, and sympatho-adrenal systems in spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
123  2017 Heart-bound adiponectin, not serum adiponectin, inversely correlates with cardiac hypertrophy in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. SHRs
124  2017 Increased role of E prostanoid receptor-3 in prostacyclin-evoked contractile activity of spontaneously hypertensive rat mesenteric resistance arteries. EP3, SHRs, TP
125  2017 Involvement of Epithelial Na+ Channel in the Elevated Myogenic Response in Posterior Cerebral Arteries from Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. ENaC, Nedd4-2, PCAs, SHRs, W/L
126  2017 Rg3-enriched Korean Red Ginseng enhances blood pressure stability in spontaneously hypertensive rats. DBP, KRG, REKRG, SBP, SHRs
127  2017 Therapeutic ultrasound plus pulsed electromagnetic field improves recovery from peripheral arterial disease in hypertension. p-Akt, p-eNOS, PEMF, SHRs, TUS, VEGF
128  2017 Vascular Remodelling Relates to an Elevated Oscillatory Shear Index and Relative Residence Time in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. CFD, OSI, RRT, SHRs
129  2018 Functional changes of the SCN in spontaneous hypertension but not after the induction of hypertension. 2K1C, SCN, SHRs
130  2018 Hydrogen Sulfide Attenuates Hypertensive Inflammation via Regulating Connexin Expression in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Cxs, SHR
131  2018 miRNA profiling in the hippocampus of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder rats. ADHD, miRNAs, SHRs
132  2018 miRNA Profiling of Exosomes from Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats Using Next-Generation Sequencing. DE, SHRs
133  2018 Spontaneously hypertensive rats exhibit higher sensitivity to ethanol-induced hypotensive effects: Role of NMDA receptors and nitric oxide in rostral ventrolateral medulla. BP, i.p, NOS, RVLM, SHRs
134  2018 Vasoactivity of retinal veins: A potential involvement of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pathogenesis of retinal vein occlusion (RVO). ET-1, HIF-1, RVO, SHR
135  2019 Gene-Level Regulation of Acupuncture Therapy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats: A Whole Transcriptome Analysis. BP, DEGs, GO, HR, MAP, RVLM, SBP, SHRs
136  2019 Long-term treatment with kefir probiotics ameliorates cardiac function in spontaneously hypertensive rats. CNS, HR, MAP, PLB, PVN, RVLM, SERCA2a, SHR, TH
137  2019 Restoration of Cdk5, TrkB and Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-Sensitive Factor Attachment Protein Receptor Proteins after Chronic Methylphenidate Treatment in Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats, a Model for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD, Cdk5, MPH, SHRs, SNAP-25, STX1A, TrkB
138  2019 The cytokine alterations/abnormalities and oxidative damage in the pancreas during hypertension development. ELISA, SHRs
139  2020 Central Blockade of E-Prostanoid 3 Receptor Ameliorated Hypertension Partially by Attenuating Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. EP3, Fra-LI, MAP, MAPK, NE, PGE2, PVN, SHRs
140  2020 Comparison of pancreatic microcirculation profiles in spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-kyoto rats by laser doppler and wavelet transform analysis. SHRs
141  2020 Defective Function of the Blood-Brain Barrier in a Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat: Evaluation in an In Vitro Cell Culture Model. BBB, BECs, SHRSP
142  2020 High-salt intake accelerates functional and histological renal damage associated with renal tissue overexpression of (pro)renin receptors and AT1 receptors in spontaneously hypertensive rats. BUN, SHRs
143  2020 Selective blocking of CXCR2 prevents and reverses atrial fibrillation in spontaneously hypertensive rats. AF, SHRs
144  2020 The Characterization of Ground Raspberry Seeds and the Physiological Response to Supplementation in Hypertensive and Normotensive Rats. COX, iNOS, RBS, SHRs, TCP, TP
145  2020 Therapeutic effects of losartan on prostatic hyperplasia in spontaneously hypertensive rats. bFGF, IL-6, MDA, PBR, SHRs, TUNEL
146  2021 Aging Additively Influences Insulin- and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1-Mediated Endothelial Dysfunction and Antioxidant Deficiency in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. IGF-1, MDA, NO, PI3K, SHRs, TAC
147  2021 Extracellular Uridine Nucleotides-Induced Contractions Were Increased in Femoral Arteries of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. SHRs, UDP, UTP
148  2021 Inhibition of miR-135a-5p attenuates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and vascular remodeling in hypertensive rats. FNDC5, SHRs, VSMCs
149  2021 PET-CT and RNA sequencing reveal novel targets for acupuncture-induced lowering of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. MA, PVH, SHRs