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Abbreviation: AA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arachidonic acid
(7019 times)
Biochemistry
(1308 times)
DHA (890 times)
EPA (797 times)
COX (400 times)
1975 Effects of ganglionic and beta-adrenergic blockade on cardiovascular responses to the bisenoic prostaglandins and their precursor arachidonic acid.
ascorbic acid
(3013 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(443 times)
DA (419 times)
UA (379 times)
GCE (125 times)
1963 A chemiluminescence (CL) of phenazine methosulfate (PMS) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (HOOH) induced by reductants including reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and ascorbic acid (AA).
African American
(2692 times)
Neoplasms
(436 times)
EA (481 times)
CA (224 times)
CI (164 times)
1992 Hemoglobin comparisons between African American and European American males with hemoglobin values in the normal range.
amino acid
(2581 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(509 times)
CP (132 times)
SID (108 times)
SBM (83 times)
1976 Interorgan transport of amino acids in hemorrhagic shock.
aplastic anemia
(1380 times)
Hematology
(767 times)
MDS (240 times)
PNH (163 times)
IST (156 times)
1975 Bone marrow transplantation in children with aplastic anemia and acute lymphatic leukemia.
alopecia areata
(1075 times)
Dermatology
(650 times)
SALT (46 times)
AGA (33 times)
DPCP (27 times)
1976 Prednisone therapy for alopecia areata. A follow-up report.
acrylic acid
(512 times)
Chemistry
(119 times)
SEM (55 times)
FTIR (46 times)
AM (38 times)
1976 Polymer-ceramic composite for tooth-root implant.
adjuvant arthritis
(481 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(154 times)
RA (86 times)
TNF-alpha (28 times)
IL (27 times)
1972 Antibody to mycobacterial antigens in adjuvant arthritis (AA). I. Relationship to disease and delayed hypersensitivity.
acrylamide
(453 times)
Toxicology
(120 times)
GA (91 times)
Hb (22 times)
ROS (21 times)
1985 [Safety of animal husbandry products produced by using allyl isothiocyanate-preserved feeds].
10  acetic acid
(370 times)
Pharmacology
(44 times)
LA (43 times)
UC (22 times)
PA (18 times)
1979 Decrements in olfactory sensitivity due to ozone exposure.
11  acute appendicitis
(356 times)
General Surgery
(155 times)
CRP (44 times)
WBC (39 times)
CT (29 times)
1988 Acute appendicitis in childhood in the Negev region: some epidemiological observations over an 11-year period (1973-1983).
12  aristolochic acid
(354 times)
Toxicology
(62 times)
AAN (60 times)
AAI (38 times)
BEN (25 times)
1984 Mutagenicity of the two main components of commercially available carcinogenic aristolochic acid in Salmonella typhimurium.
13  anaplastic astrocytoma
(331 times)
Neoplasms
(198 times)
GBM (193 times)
OS (47 times)
PFS (43 times)
1987 Phase II diaziquone-based chemotherapy trials in patients with anaplastic supratentorial astrocytic neoplasms.
14  Alcoholics Anonymous
(315 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(224 times)
NA (32 times)
AUD (9 times)
PDA (9 times)
1965 [Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) and the treatment of the chronic alcoholic patients].
15  amyloid A
(259 times)
Pathology
(43 times)
SAA (81 times)
RA (24 times)
AL (22 times)
1976 Isolation and partial characterization of SAA-an amyloid-related protein from human serum.
16  adjuvant-induced arthritis
(210 times)
Pharmacology
(73 times)
RA (59 times)
IL (15 times)
HPA (13 times)
1981 Increased acetylation and elimination of sulphadimidine in rats with adjuvant induced arthritis.
17  ascending aorta
(197 times)
Cardiology
(69 times)
DA (26 times)
BAV (25 times)
MPA (21 times)
1975 Pressure-flow relations in the vessels of the canine aortic arch.
18  abiraterone acetate
(175 times)
Neoplasms
(79 times)
mCRPC (78 times)
PSA (51 times)
OS (44 times)
2010 Phase II multicenter study of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone therapy in patients with docetaxel-treated castration-resistant prostate cancer.
19  antioxidant activity
(168 times)
Chemistry
(43 times)
TPC (57 times)
DPPH (23 times)
TP (13 times)
1994 [Importance of thyroid hormones in the realization of the protective effects of cold adaptation].
20  abdominal aorta
(150 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
IVC (17 times)
TA (16 times)
SMA (13 times)
1984 Ultrasonic assessment of fetal growth in the nonhuman primate (Macaca mulatta).
21  Asiatic acid
(144 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
ROS (15 times)
NF-kappaB (11 times)
MA (9 times)
1999 Protective effects of asiaticoside derivatives against beta-amyloid neurotoxicity.
22  aortic aneurysm
(143 times)
Vascular Diseases
(37 times)
Ang II (11 times)
AD (10 times)
CI (9 times)
1982 Time and cause of death for 301 patients operated on for abdominal aortic aneurysms.
23  arachidonic
(121 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
DHA (81 times)
EPA (44 times)
PUFAs (17 times)
1982 Unsaturated fatty acids alter aqueous humor dynamics and uveal flow.
24  acetaldehyde
(111 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
FA (20 times)
MDA (19 times)
EtOH (7 times)
1980 Effect of malonaldehyde and acetaldehyde on cultured mammalian cells: Growth, morphology, and synthesis of macromolecules.
25  arachidonate
(94 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
EPA (11 times)
DHA (9 times)
LA (9 times)
1981 Effects of vasopressin and urea on Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent renal prostaglandin E.
26  allergic asthma
(88 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(47 times)
AR (27 times)
AD (8 times)
HC (8 times)
1988 Circadian rhythm in total pulmonary resistance of asthmatic children. Effects of a beta-agonist agent.
27  advanced adenoma
(78 times)
Gastroenterology
(30 times)
CRC (64 times)
FIT (22 times)
NAA (10 times)
2005 Detection of stool DNA mutations before and after treatment of colorectal neoplasia.
28  all-atom
(78 times)
Chemistry
(47 times)
CG (66 times)
MD (25 times)
UA (5 times)
2006 A novel united-atom force field for imidazolium-based ionic liquids.
29  ascorbate
(71 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
DHA (8 times)
DA (7 times)
ROS (6 times)
1974 Uptake and reduction of oxidized and reduced ascorbate by human leukocytes.
30  anthranilic acid
(68 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
KYN (21 times)
KYNA (17 times)
Trp (15 times)
1978 A mutation to 5-methyltryptophan dependence in the tryptophan (trp) operon of Salmonella typhimurium. II. Studies of 5-methyltryptophan-dependent mutants and their revertants.
31  aortic arch
(68 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
CTA (8 times)
DA (7 times)
TEE (6 times)
1989 Detection of experimental atherosclerosis with indium-111 radiolabelled hematoporphyrin derivative.
32  auricular acupuncture
(68 times)
Complementary Therapies
(28 times)
RCTs (6 times)
PSQI (4 times)
AE (3 times)
1992 [The reflexotherapy of patients with respiratory allergoses].
33  antimycin A
(67 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
ROS (12 times)
ROT (6 times)
SHAM (6 times)
1981 Effect of chloramphenicol, antimycin A and hydroxamate on the morphogenetic development of the dimorphic ascomycete Endomycopsis capsularis.
34  Arbor Acres
(66 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(30 times)
ADFI (5 times)
ADG (5 times)
FCR (5 times)
1990 Energy metabolism of broiler breeder hens. 2. Contribution of tissues to total heat production in fed and fasted hens.
35  African ancestry
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
EA (49 times)
SNPs (9 times)
ER (6 times)
2006 Genomewide linkage scan of 409 European-ancestry and African American families with schizophrenia: suggestive evidence of linkage at 8p23.3-p21.2 and 11p13.1-q14.1 in the combined sample.
36  aromatase activity
(64 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
POA (15 times)
ARO-ir (7 times)
BNST (4 times)
1985 Distribution and regulation of aromatase activity in the rat hypothalamus and limbic system.
37  Alko, Alcohol
(62 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(34 times)
ANA (29 times)
NP (6 times)
HAD (4 times)
1978 Intoxicating effects of three aliphatic alcohols and barbital on two rat strains genetically selected for their ethanol intake.
38  atrial arrhythmias
(58 times)
Cardiology
(38 times)
AF (19 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (7 times)
1992 Intravenous propafenone for suppression of symptomatic atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a first aid hospital.
39  allyl alcohol
(54 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
BB (6 times)
ANIT (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1984 Serum gamma glutamyl transferase as a specific indicator of bile duct lesions in the rat liver.
40  afferent arterioles
(53 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
EA (15 times)
NO (8 times)
NE (6 times)
1986 Renin release from different parts of rat afferent arterioles in vitro.
41  acetaminophen
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(29 times)
PAPS (4 times)
PCN (4 times)
DEX (3 times)
1984 Biliary excretion of acetaminophen in ureter-ligated rats.
42  arterio-arterial
(50 times)
Obstetrics
(26 times)
AV (23 times)
TTTS (19 times)
MC (7 times)
1979 Vascular access: long-term results, new techniques.
43  Aggressive angiomyxoma
(49 times)
Gynecology
(14 times)
MRI (5 times)
AMFB (3 times)
PR (2 times)
1993 Immunohistochemical analysis of hormone receptors and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in aggressive angiomyxoma of the vulva.
44  acupuncture analgesia
(43 times)
Complementary Therapies
(24 times)
EA (8 times)
AP (4 times)
D-PAG (3 times)
1976 [Acupuncture analgesia in experimental animals].
45  anacardic acid
(43 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
HAT (11 times)
HDAC (5 times)
HATs (4 times)
2008 Histone acetyltransferase inhibitor anacardic acid causes changes in global gene expression during in vitro Plasmodium falciparum development.
46  acetoacetate
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
BHB (14 times)
NAC (7 times)
ROS (7 times)
1975 The concentration of ketone bodies, free fatty acids, and glycerol in the blood of obese perons after injection of insulin and glucose. Studies before and during absolute fasting.
47  arytenoid adduction
(40 times)
Otolaryngology
(37 times)
UVFP (12 times)
ML (10 times)
MPT (9 times)
1997 Changes in length and spatial orientation of the vocal fold with arytenoid adduction in cadaver larynges.
48  atrial activity
(40 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(31 times)
AF (37 times)
ECG (16 times)
ICA (8 times)
2004 Atrial activity extraction for atrial fibrillation analysis using blind source separation.
49  alpha-amylase
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CgA (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
TSST (4 times)
1991 The effect of adrenal cortex hormones on heart and skeletal muscles amylases activity under conditions of alpha- and beta-adrenergic stimulation.
50  atomic absorption
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
FTIR (6 times)
ICP (4 times)
NMR (4 times)
1980 Light element abundance in brain nuclei using energy dispersive x-ray analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
51  ankle arthrodesis
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(30 times)
TAR (16 times)
TAA (14 times)
VAS (4 times)
2012 Multi-segment foot kinematics after total ankle replacement and ankle arthrodesis during relatively long-distance gait.
52  anti-angiogenic
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
PCa (9 times)
ADT (6 times)
GnRH (5 times)
2000 Nonsteroidal progestins and antiprogestins related to flutamide.
53  adrenal androgen
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
DHEA (15 times)
DHEAS (11 times)
PCOS (10 times)
1979 Evidence for existence of cortical androgen-stimulating hormone.
54  amyloid A protein
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SAA (13 times)
APOE (3 times)
HDL (3 times)
1980 Heterogeneity of human serum amyloid A proteins.
55  4-aminoantipyrine
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
MAA (28 times)
FAA (17 times)
AAA (15 times)
1984 Effects of a single administration of 6-aminonicotinamide on hepatic microsomal drug metabolism in rats.
56  anterior approach
(35 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
THA (12 times)
PA (11 times)
HCC (8 times)
1991 Preperitoneal herniorrhaphy for the acutely incarcerated groin hernia.
57  atlantoaxial
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
CT (6 times)
RA (5 times)
OC (4 times)
1988 Reduction of rheumatoid periodontoid pannus following posterior occipito-cervical fusion visualised by magnetic resonance imaging.
58  accommodation
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
NPC (7 times)
DR (3 times)
LT (3 times)
1999 Ocular toxicity of Afromomum melegueta (alligator pepper) on healthy Igbos of Nigeria.
59  atopic asthma
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
AN (6 times)
NAA (5 times)
BAL (4 times)
1990 The generation and metabolism of leukotrienes in the ionophore-stimulated blood of normal and asthmatic subjects.
60  atypical antipsychotics
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
RIS (6 times)
AD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
2002 Atypical antipsychotics in Parkinson-sensitive populations.
61  alcohol abuse
(32 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(11 times)
AD (15 times)
AUD (3 times)
AUDs (3 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
62  acetylacetone
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
BA (3 times)
DFT (3 times)
NBO (3 times)
1988 Subpicogram determination of malondialdehyde by gas-liquid chromatography with nitrogen phosphorus detector. I. Standardization.
63  active avoidance
(29 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PA (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
AD (3 times)
1981 Influence of rearing conditions on the acquisition of the two-way active avoidance responses by rats septalectomized at an early age.
64  activated alumina
(28 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
GFH (5 times)
NOM (3 times)
TCLP (3 times)
2004 Arsenic removal using mesoporous alumina prepared via a templating method.
65  ambulatory assessment
(28 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
PA (4 times)
BPD (2 times)
NA (2 times)
2012 Social context of anger in borderline personality disorder and depressive disorders: findings from a naturalistic observation study.
66  arjunolic acid
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ROS (5 times)
STZ (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2007 Arjunolic acid, a triterpenoid saponin, ameliorates arsenic-induced cyto-toxicity in hepatocytes.
67  accommodative amplitude
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
NPC (4 times)
AF (2 times)
AL (2 times)
2002 Reliability of binocular vision measurements used in the classification of convergence insufficiency.
68  acetabular angle
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
CEA (6 times)
DARA (5 times)
JPS (3 times)
1990 Comparison of radiographic parameters for analysis of normal and dysplastic hips in the adult.
69  aggregative adherence
(24 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
EAEC (18 times)
AAF (3 times)
EPEC (3 times)
1992 Aggregative adherence fimbriae I of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli mediate adherence to HEp-2 cells and hemagglutination of human erythrocytes.
70  alginic acid
(23 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CAA (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
CMC (2 times)
1991 [Antimicrobial properties of fibrous cellulose and other polymeric materials modified with chlorhexidine].
71  amyloid protein A
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SAA (10 times)
AEF (2 times)
AL (2 times)
1978 Partial characterization of amyloid proteins in inherited amyloidosis with lattice corneal dystrophy and in secondary amyloidosis.
72  azelaic acid
(21 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
GA (3 times)
AACD (2 times)
COC (2 times)
1987 Azelaic acid vs. placebo: effects on normal human keratinocytes and melanocytes. Electron microscopic evaluation after long-term application in vivo.
73  aldosterone antagonists
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ACEi (9 times)
ARB (9 times)
BB (8 times)
2007 Guideline adherence for pharmacotherapy of chronic systolic heart failure in general practice: a closer look on evidence-based therapy.
74  aromatic amines
(20 times)
Biology
(5 times)
NAT (3 times)
2-AF (2 times)
aOR (2 times)
1989 Bladder cancer and occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
75  auxiliary activity
(20 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
LPMOs (6 times)
CAZyme (3 times)
CAZymes (3 times)
2014 Comparative study of two chitin-active and two cellulose-active AA10-type lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases.
76  anticipatory activity
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
fMRI (2 times)
RF (2 times)
2AFC (1 time)
1989 Forced dissociation of activity entrained to T cycles of food access in rats with suprachiasmatic lesions.
77  academic achievement
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PA (4 times)
CIs (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2010 A quasi-experimental study of maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring academic achievement.
78  African
(18 times)
Science
(5 times)
EA (14 times)
SNPs (6 times)
ARIC (4 times)
2008 The academic alliance for AIDS care and prevention in Africa.
79  alpha angle
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
FAI (8 times)
CT (6 times)
LCEA (5 times)
2013 Albumin-induced coagulopathy is less severe and more effectively reversed with fibrinogen concentrate than is synthetic colloid-induced coagulopathy.
80  area
(18 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ACA (2 times)
ACD (2 times)
AS (2 times)
1987 Mathematical modeling of fetal growth. IV. Evaluation of trunk growth using the abdominal profile area.
81  acetic anhydride
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
BPA (2 times)
1976 Selective histochemical localization of polysaccharides in tissue sections oxidized by acetic anhydride in dimethyl sulfoxide.
82  ambient air
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
NF (4 times)
ETS (2 times)
1980 A non-pharmacologic approach to the treatment of exercise-induced bronchospasm.
83  aortic annulus
(17 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CT (4 times)
SV (4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
1992 [Echocardiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation and aortic root dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve].
84  axillary artery
(17 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
FA (4 times)
BA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2004 Anatomical variations in termination of the axillary artery and its clinical implications.
85  alkylating agents
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HL (2 times)
2CdA (1 time)
4-HC (1 time)
1979 The relation between reaction kinetics and mutagenic action of mono-functional alkylating agents in higher eukaryotic systems. I. Recessive lethal mutations and translocations in Drosophila.
86  anticholinergic activity
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
SAA (5 times)
2006 A model of anticholinergic activity of atypical antipsychotic medications.
87  aortic atherosclerosis
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
TEE (7 times)
CAD (6 times)
CFR (6 times)
2000 Aortic atherosclerosis is a marker for significant coronary artery disease.
88  autoantibodies
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
Tg (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1984 Autoantibodies to nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cytoskeletal antigens in renal allograft rejection.
89  acetabular anteversion
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
CT (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
FNA (3 times)
2009 Measurement of acetabular anteversion in developmental dysplasia of the hip in children by two- and three-dimensional computed tomography.
90  age acceleration
(14 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
DNAm (2 times)
IEAA (2 times)
2015 Prenatal and early life influences on epigenetic age in children: a study of mother-offspring pairs from two cohort studies.
91  amenorrheic athletes
(14 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
EA (12 times)
BMD (7 times)
NA (3 times)
1991 Marked augmentation of nocturnal melatonin secretion in amenorrheic athletes, but not in cycling athletes: unaltered by opioidergic or dopaminergic blockade.
92  amyloid angiopathy
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AD (5 times)
SP (4 times)
ATD (2 times)
1981 Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the elderly.
93  androgen ablation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
EBRT (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1999 Very frequent p53 mutations in metastatic prostate carcinoma and in matched primary tumors.
94  antiarrhythmic
(14 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
AF (4 times)
HRV (2 times)
ICDs (2 times)
1985 [Evaluation of flecainide in the therapy of chronic ventricular arrhythmia using the acute oral load method].
95  artesunate-amodiaquine
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AL (13 times)
ACTs (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
2008 Feasibility and acceptability of artemisinin-based combination therapy for the home management of malaria in four African sites.
96  androgenic alopecia
(13 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
SHBG (2 times)
5-ADIOL-S (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Usefulness and limitations of the evaluation of sex-hormone-binding globulin in women with a female pattern of androgen-induced baldness].
97  Aberdeen Angus
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BB (4 times)
CH (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1993 Ryegrass staggers in heifers: a new mycotoxicosis in Argentina.
98  abiraterone
(12 times)
Urology
(7 times)
mCRPC (6 times)
OS (5 times)
PFS (4 times)
2013 Expert opinion on chemotherapy use in castration-resistant prostate cancer progressing after docetaxel.
99  Accelerated Approval
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
FDA (7 times)
NMEs (3 times)
RA (3 times)
2003 End points and United States Food and Drug Administration approval of oncology drugs.
100  alcohol-accepting
(12 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
ANA (6 times)
FH (2 times)
NP (2 times)
1981 The ethanol stimulus in rats with differing ethanol preferences.