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Abbreviation: AAR
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Long forms: 208

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
area at risk
(264 times)
Cardiology
(139 times)
IS (92 times)
CMR (40 times)
STEMI (37 times)
1987 Failure of superoxide dismutase to limit size of myocardial infarction after 40 minutes of ischemia and 4 days of reperfusion in dogs.
amino acid response
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
UPR (6 times)
ASNS (5 times)
ATF4 (5 times)
2005 Nutritional control of gene expression: how mammalian cells respond to amino acid limitation.
active anterior rhinomanometry
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
AR (7 times)
VAS (6 times)
PAR (5 times)
1985 Histamine threshold and nasal hyperreactivity in non specific allergic rhinopathy.
alanine aminotransferase ratio
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(13 times)
APRI (13 times)
AST (9 times)
FIB-4 (7 times)
2007 Noninvasive models to predict liver cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
AST/ALT ratio
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
APRI (13 times)
AST (5 times)
CHB (5 times)
2008 Early detection in routine clinical practice of cirrhosis and oesophageal varices in chronic hepatitis C: comparison of transient elastography (FibroScan) with standard laboratory tests and non-invasive scores.
adaptive autoregressive
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
BCI (10 times)
EEG (10 times)
LDA (5 times)
1997 Adaptive autoregressive modeling used for single-trial EEG classification.
age-adjusted rates
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PBCRs (4 times)
CR (3 times)
NCRP (3 times)
1993 Trends in cancers of the upper alimentary and respiratory tracts in women in bombay, India.
aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio
(15 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
APRI (13 times)
FIB-4 (8 times)
AUC (3 times)
2015 Diagnostic Accuracy of APRI, AAR, FIB-4, FI, King, Lok, Forns, and FibroIndex Scores in Predicting the Presence of Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Ask, Advise, Refer
(14 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
TSE (4 times)
AAC (1 time)
AAR and counseling (1 time)
2010 Ask, advise and refer: hypothesis generation to promote a brief tobacco-cessation intervention in community pharmacies.
10  aspartic acid racemization
(14 times)
Jurisprudence
(10 times)
AGEs (1 time)
CNBr (1 time)
PMI (1 time)
1999 A review of the methodological aspects of aspartic acid racemization analysis for use in forensic science.
11  automatic anatomy recognition
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
CT (4 times)
PET/CT (3 times)
DQ (2 times)
2011 Automatic anatomy recognition via multiobject oriented active shape models.
12  anterior active rhinomanometry
(13 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
PNIF (3 times)
AR (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2002 The importance of nasal resistance in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a study with positional rhinomanometry.
13  ascending aorta replacement
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
AVR (6 times)
BAV (3 times)
RAA (3 times)
2009 Improved results of the vacuum assisted closure and Nitinol clips sternal closure after postoperative deep sternal wound infection.
14  acute allograft rejection
(12 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
HCV (3 times)
ATN (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1997 Functional magnetic resonance imaging of human renal allografts during the post-transplant period: preliminary observations.
15  adipose afferent reflex
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
WAT (9 times)
MAP (8 times)
PVN (8 times)
2012 Sympathetic activation by chemical stimulation of white adipose tissues in rats.
16  after-action review
(10 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CASEVAC (1 time)
HFC (1 time)
MCIs (1 time)
2005 Learning in the thick of it.
17  alpha-aminoadipate reductase
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
ORF (2 times)
PPTase (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1995 Molecular properties of the lys1+ gene and the regulation of alpha-aminoadipate reductase in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.
18  amino acid racemization
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AAI (2 times)
AD (2 times)
aDNA (1 time)
1994 Age determination based on amino acid racemization: A new possibility.
19  arousal and reactivity
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
NACM (8 times)
PTSD (7 times)
CFT (1 time)
2015 Unique relations between counterfactual thinking and DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters.
20  AST to ALT ratio
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
APRI (4 times)
AST (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
2006 Noninvasive tests for the prediction of significant hepatic fibrosis in hepatitis C virus carriers with persistently normal alanine aminotransferases.
21  amino acid starvation response
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
HF (5 times)
ISR (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
2009 Halofuginone inhibits TH17 cell differentiation by activating the amino acid starvation response.
22  active avoidance response
(7 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
EPs (1 time)
HiSt (1 time)
1976 Electrical stimulation of the hippocampus and acquisition of the conditioned avoidance response in shuttle-box in cats.
23  age-adjusted incidence rates
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ASIR (2 times)
SEER (2 times)
APC (1 time)
1998 A study on pancreatic cancer in Chennai (Madras), India.
24  Abundance of Antigenic Regions
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ES (3 times)
GO (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2015 Genome analysis of Excretory/Secretory proteins in Taenia solium reveals their Abundance of Antigenic Regions (AAR).
25  active angle-reproduction
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
TSA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
CTA (1 time)
2006 An investigation into the effect of number of trials during proprioceptive testing in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
26  Anal acoustic reflectometry
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
FI (3 times)
RAIR (2 times)
PNE (1 time)
2010 Anal acoustic reflectometry: a new technique for assessing anal sphincter function.
27  Acute articular rheumatism
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
AF (1 time)
MtVA (1 time)
1976 [Acute articular rheumatism (AAR) after streptococcal infections (post-streptococcic acute rheumatic disease)].
28  O-acetyl-ADP-ribose
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ChAP (2 times)
ChIP (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
2005 Assembly of the SIR complex and its regulation by O-acetyl-ADP-ribose, a product of NAD-dependent histone deacetylation.
29  AA response
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AA (4 times)
Egr-1 (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
2011 Auto-activation of c-JUN gene by amino acid deprivation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells reveals a novel c-JUN-mediated signaling pathway.
30  accelerated acute rejection
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
C1q-SPA (1 time)
1982 Circulating immune complexes during various forms of renal allograft rejection episodes.
31  acute antibody-mediated rejection
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PMNs (2 times)
CoVF (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1977 Role of antiserum and complement in the acute antibody-mediated rejection of mouse skin allografts in strain combinations with increasing histoincompatibility.
32  acyl-ACP reductase
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ADO (3 times)
Ols (1 time)
2016 Identification of long chain specific aldehyde reductase and its use in enhanced fatty alcohol production in E. coli.
33  aortic aneurysm repair
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1997 Disseminated intravascular coagulation associated with acute ischemic hepatitis after elective aortic aneurysm repair: comparative analysis of 10 cases.
34  auto apical reverse
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
WL (2 times)
ALs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2012 An in vivo evaluation of the auto apical reverse function of the Root ZX II.
35  L-arginine-to-ADMA ratio
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CR (2 times)
ADMA (1 time)
Cit (1 time)
2010 Effects of maternal L-citrulline supplementation on renal function and blood pressure in offspring exposed to maternal caloric restriction: the impact of nitric oxide pathway.
36  acetic acid resistance
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AAB (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2020 Investigation of lipid profile in Acetobacter pasteurianus Ab3 against acetic acid stress during vinegar production.
37  Adult Attachment Ratings
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AAI (1 time)
AAP (1 time)
ECR-R (1 time)
2013 Adult Attachment Ratings (AAR): an item response theory analysis.
38  advise, and refer
(3 times)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Feasibility of tobacco interventions in anesthesiology practices: a pilot study.
39  afferent arteriolar resistance
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AAD (1 time)
AT1Rs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
1996 Vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole and defective renal synthesis of nitric oxide in essential hypertension.
40  after action report
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
TCCC (2 times)
DoD (1 time)
DoDTR (1 time)
2007 Developing a monitoring and evaluating capability for the U.S. Department of Defense Humanitarian Assistance Program.
41  after-action reviews
(3 times)
World Health
(2 times)
E-FAST (1 time)
FAST (1 time)
SimEx (1 time)
2020 West Nile virus in Europe: after action reviews of preparedness and response to the 2018 transmission season in Italy, Slovenia, Serbia and Greece.
42  alpha 1-adrenergic receptors
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BAR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
1984 Regulation of alpha 1-adrenergic receptor-coupled calcium flux in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.
43  ancestral area reconstruction
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2016 Dating and biogeographical patterns in the sea slug genus Acanthodoris Gray, 1850 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Nudibranchia).
44  annualized relapse rate
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NMOSD (2 times)
RTX (2 times)
AZA (1 time)
2015 Multiple sclerosis and pregnancy: a single-centre prospective comparative study.
45  area at risk zones
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LVSP (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
2009 Hydrogen-rich saline protects myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
46  Arsenic-alkali residue
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MFA (1 time)
MFA-CM (1 time)
S/S (1 time)
2019 Stabilization treatment of arsenic-alkali residue (AAR): Effect of the coexisting soluble carbonate on arsenic stabilization.
47  aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
APRI (2 times)
GUCI (2 times)
API (1 time)
2015 The PAPAS index: a novel index for the prediction of hepatitis C-related fibrosis.
48  autopolymerizing acrylic resin
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
MIO (1 time)
VLC (1 time)
2008 The effect of selected variables on the retention of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material.
49  average annual rate
(3 times)
Health Personnel
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
inhab (1 time)
2018 Socio-environmental factors and diarrheal diseases in under five-year old children in the state of Tocantins, Brazil.
50  N-acylamino acid racemase
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
pI (1 time)
1995 Cloning, DNA sequencing and heterologous expression of the gene for thermostable N-acylamino acid racemase from Amycolatopsis sp. TS-1-60 in Escherichia coli.
51  acetabular angle of retrotorsion
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
FAI and FAA (1 time)
FCI (1 time)
2010 Morphometric assessment of the canine hip joint using the acetabular angle of retrotorsion.
52  acetoacetyl-CoA reductase
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
PHB (2 times)
CS (1 time)
KT (1 time)
1996 Regulatory effects of cellular nicotinamide nucleotides and enzyme activities on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis in recombinant Escherichia coli.
53  acquired acid resistance
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Reactivity of fluoride dentifrices with artificial caries. III. Quantitative aspects of acquired acid resistance (AAR): F uptake, retention, surface hardening and remineralization.
54  active anterior
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
BSSO (1 time)
Rna (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of active anterior and posterior rhinomanometry in normal subjects.
55  active avoidance reaction
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
A1 group (1 time)
A3 group (1 time)
LE (1 time)
1983 Strain differences in avoidance reactions of septal laboratory rats.
56  acute adverse reaction
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
NSF (1 time)
2013 The correlation between gatifloxacin's acute adverse reaction and intravenous drip velocity.
57  acute allergic reactions
(2 times)
Hypersensitivity
(1 time)
ED (2 times)
2021 Trends in Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations for Acute Allergic Reactions and Anaphylaxis Among US Older Adults: 2006-2014.
58  adjuvant-induced arthritic rat model
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RPAR (1 time)
1989 Antiinflammatory activity of a series of substituted 2,3-dihydro-6-hydroxypyrimido[2,1-f]purine-4,8(1H,9H)-diones.
59  age acceleration residual
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
EEAA (1 time)
2020 Accelerated epigenetic aging in adolescents from low-income households is associated with altered development of brain structures.
60  alanine transaminase ratio
(2 times)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
APRI (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CHC (1 time)
2015 High FIB-4 index as an independent risk factor of prevalent chronic kidney disease in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
61  alpha attenuation response
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 1979 Interaction between intermittent photic stimulation and auditory stimulation on the human EEG. Preliminary investigation through power spectral analysis.
62  alpha-amylase awakening response
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
AUCg (1 time)
AUCi (1 time)
NIGHT-CALL (1 time)
2017 Salivary alpha amylase in on-call from home fire and emergency service personnel.
63  amino acid repeat
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2018 Reconfiguration of the plastid genome in Lamprocapnos spectabilis: IR boundary shifting, inversion, and intraspecific variation.
64  anabolic-androgenic ratio
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDA (1 time)
QSAR (1 time)
2007 Applying pattern recognition methods plus quantum and physico-chemical molecular descriptors to analyze the anabolic activity of structurally diverse steroids.
65  antigen-antibody reaction
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IIO (2 times)
1991 [Modification and visualization of the allergic reaction in isolated and innervated organs].
66  antiradical activity
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CD's (1 time)
2016 Optimization of a green extraction method for the recovery of polyphenols from olive leaf using cyclodextrins and glycerin as co-solvents.
67  aortic arch repair
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2002 Aortic arch aneurysm complicated with coronary artery disease: still a surgical challenge?
68  aortic arch replacement
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
BGC (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2012 [Is emergency aortic root replacement combined with arch replacement safe?].
69  Arab Ar-Rashaiyda
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AZA (1 time)
KIS (1 time)
2020 The spatial and temporal distribution, species composition, and host preference of phlebotomine sand flies in the Bethlehem District of Palestine.
70  area at risk of infarction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FIS (1 time)
hs-TnT (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
1992 Peptide leukotriene receptor antagonism in myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion.
71  arterial ratio per unit area
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APSC (2 times)
MAN (2 times)
MLI (2 times)
2006 [Relationship between the quantitative structural study of lung and the right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction in infants with tetralogy of Fallot].
72  athletes at risk
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CFL (1 time)
NFL (1 time)
2015 Descriptive Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injuries and Concussions in the National Football League, 2012-2014.
73  atrial arrhythmia recurrence
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
LA (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
2019 Predictors of freedom from atrial arrhythmia recurrence after cryoballoon ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation: A multicenter study.
74  augmented anastomotic repair
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
OGTs (1 time)
2008 One-stage bulbar urethroplasty: retrospective analysis of the results in 375 patients.
75  automatic attention response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
CHI (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2001 Acquisition of skilled visual search performance following severe closed-head injury.
76  autonomous arc reflex
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
BPDOE-CDL (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
2003 Acute pancreatitis possible initial triggering mechanism and prophylaxis.
77  average annual reduction
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
pp (1 time)
U5MR (1 time)
2020 Changing speed of reduction in under-5 mortality rates over the 20th century.
78  (l-2-amino-4-(2-aminoethoxy)-trans-3-butenoic acid)
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Effect of aminoethoxy analog of rhizobitoxine on ripening of pears.
79  (PAR)--active avoidance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NBM (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
1993 Differential effect of functional ablation of thalamic reticular nucleus on the acquisition of passive and active avoidance.
80  A. acutiloba radix
(1 time)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
2018 Comprehensive quality evaluation and comparison of Angelica sinensis radix and Angelica acutiloba radix by integrated metabolomics and glycomics.
81  AA reduction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2018 The influence of feeding behaviour on growth performance, carcass and meat characteristics of growing pigs.
82  AA replacement
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AoP (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
2014 Toward individualized management of the ascending aorta in bicuspid aortic valve surgery: the role of valve phenotype in 1362 patients.
83  AAR alone
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2020 Effect of Concomitant Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting on Outcomes of Ascending Aorta Replacement.
84  AAR and SimEx, respectively, were epidemics and pandemics
(1 time)
World Health
(1 time)
SimEx (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2020 Simulation exercises and after action reviews - analysis of outputs during 2016-2019 to strengthen global health emergency preparedness and response.
85  Aarhus Mini-Implant
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IMT (1 time)
VEC (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2015 Miniscrews for orthodontic anchorage: nanoscale chemical surface analyses.
86  AARLVRLAAAGAAVT
(1 time)
Parasitic Diseases
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
2013 Immunogenicity of HLA-DR1 Restricted Peptides Derived from Leishmania major gp63 Using FVB/N-DR1 Transgenic Mouse Model.
87  abdominal aortic reconstruction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
TIAs (1 time)
1993 Advanced carotid disease in patients requiring aortic reconstruction.
88  abdominal aortic reconstructive surgery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2001 Age versus comorbidities as risk factors for complications after elective abdominal aortic reconstructive surgery.
89  abdominal aortic repair
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
TE (1 time)
2010 New Surgical Drapes for Observation of the Lower Extremities during Abdominal Aortic Repair.
90  absolute annual reduction
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
SNBR (1 time)
2017 Longitudinal Decline of Striatal Subregional [18F]FP-CIT Uptake in Parkinson's Disease.
91  absolute averaged residuals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TR (1 time)
2017 Development of thresholds of excess toxicity for environmental species and their application to identification of modes of acute toxic action.
92  absolute risk reduction in 3-year mortality
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Trends in mortality after first hospitalization with atrial fibrillation diagnosis in Sweden 1987 to 2006.
93  Accelerated Access Review
(1 time)
--- 2017 Galvanising the NHS to Adopt Innovation: The Feasibility and Practicality of Recommendations from the Interim Report of the Accelerated Access Review.
94  accumulation area ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ELA (1 time)
LR (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2020 Long-term mass balance modelling (1986-2018) and climate sensitivity of Siachen Glacier, East Karakoram.
95  acetylacetoin reductase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2011 Enzymatic diastereo- and enantioselective synthesis of alpha-alkyl-alpha,beta-dihydroxyketones.
96  acquired rubella
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Clinical and pathological features of adult patients with acquired rubella].
97  acromial arterial rete
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2021 A 3D visualization layered anatomy for acromial arterial rete and flap design.
98  acrosome abnormity rate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
JP (1 time)
2016 [Values of the sperm deformity index, acrosome abnormity rate, and sperm DNA fragmentation index of optimized sperm in predicting IVF fertilization failure].
99  active allergic rhinitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2017 [The prevalence and risk factors of allergic rhinitis among the children of the preschool age].
100  Active Angle Repositioning
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PAR (1 time)
RAM (1 time)
RPM (1 time)
2013 Effect of continuing repeated passive and active exercises on knee's position senses in patients with hemiplegia.