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Abbreviation: ABD
Appearance Frequency: 746 time(s)
Long forms: 146

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
albumin-binding domain
(160 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
HSA (9 times)
HER2 (8 times)
CH (7 times)
1992 Structural and functional analysis of three D/L-like class I molecules from H-2v: indications of an ancestral family of D/L genes.
adynamic bone disease
(60 times)
Nephrology
(33 times)
PTH (22 times)
CKD (9 times)
ROD (6 times)
1995 Metabolic acidosis and osteodystrophic bone disease in predialysis chronic renal failure: effect of calcitriol treatment.
automated border detection
(51 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
LV (17 times)
EF (7 times)
EDA (6 times)
1993 On-line assessment of left ventricular function by automatic border detection echocardiography during rest and stress conditions.
Adamantiades-Behcet's disease
(47 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
bp (2 times)
IL-8 (2 times)
1988 HLA antigens and Adamantiades-Behcet's disease (A-BD) in Greeks.
abduction
(45 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
ER (20 times)
ADD (14 times)
IR (12 times)
1994 Shoulder weakness in professional baseball pitchers.
abdominal
(41 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
GLT (8 times)
RIP (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1984 Differences in the regulation of steroidogenesis and tropic hormone receptors between the scrotal and abdominal testes of unilaterally cryptorchid adult rats.
autologous blood donation
(27 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
EPO (3 times)
RBC (3 times)
ABT (2 times)
1994 [The present possibilities for routine use of blood-saving measures from the anesthesiologic point of view--theoretical basis and clinical practice. I. Potential risks of homologous transfusion; normovolemic hemodilution].
abdomen
(23 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
RC (15 times)
RIP (6 times)
VC (3 times)
1978 Chest wall configuration in supine man: wakefulness and sleep.
aortic baroreceptor deafferentation
(14 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
MAP (3 times)
AP (2 times)
i.c (2 times)
1976 Reduction in baroreflex cardiovascular responses due to venous infusion in the rabbit.
10  autoimmune biliary disease
(13 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AHA (2 times)
BP (2 times)
IF (2 times)
2006 NOD.c3c4 congenic mice develop autoimmune biliary disease that serologically and pathogenetically models human primary biliary cirrhosis.
11  agonist-binding domain
(11 times)
Science
(3 times)
NMDARs (3 times)
AMPA (2 times)
iGluR (2 times)
2008 Structural rearrangements of NR1/NR2A NMDA receptors during allosteric inhibition.
12  abducens
(10 times)
Brain
(5 times)
ACC (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
PGO (2 times)
1981 Localization of retractor bulbi motoneurons in the rabbit.
13  alveolar bone density
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PD (4 times)
ABH (3 times)
CADIA (3 times)
2007 Efficacy of bisphosphonates for the control of alveolar bone loss in periodontitis.
14  acute behavioural disturbance
(8 times)
Emergency Medicine
(6 times)
ED (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
AMSS (1 time)
2010 The impact of a standardised intramuscular sedation protocol for acute behavioural disturbance in the emergency department.
15  abductor
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ADD (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
2005 Capsaicin administration inhibits the abducent branch but excites the thyroarytenoid branch of the recurrent laryngeal nerves in the rat.
16  amphotericin B deoxycholate
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AmB (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1998 Amphotericin B is superior to sodium antimony gluconate in the treatment of Indian post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis.
17  anterior belly of digastric
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EMG (6 times)
GH (2 times)
SH (2 times)
1981 Mandibular movement and muscle activity during mastication in the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus).
18  aortic barodenervated
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SO (8 times)
BP (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1994 Centrally mediated reduction in cardiac output elicits the enhanced hypotensive effect of clonidine in conscious aortic barodenervated rats.
19  apnea, bradycardia, and desaturation
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AOP (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DTP-IPV-Hib (1 time)
2005 Laryngeal oedema in neonatal apnoea and bradycardia syndrome (a pilot study).
20  ATP-binding domain
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DHp (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
AIF (1 time)
2000 BCR/ABL inhibition by an escort/phosphatase fusion protein.
21  abdominal muscles
(5 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
DIA (4 times)
EMGs (2 times)
EP (2 times)
1993 [Propriospinal myoclonus--a case report].
22  abdominis
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
EMG (3 times)
cVRC (2 times)
ADIM (1 time)
1998 Differential respiratory muscle recruitment induced by clonidine in awake goats.
23  acid-base disturbance
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AG (2 times)
RAL (2 times)
ABGG (1 time)
1991 Acid-base disturbances in cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
24  acute brain dysfunction
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALOC (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
1976 The identification and treatment of adult brain dysfunction.
25  axillary block dissection
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DCIS (1 time)
SLNB (1 time)
TIC (1 time)
2012 [Predictive factors of invasion with initial diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ based on core biopsy].
26  aged, blind, and disabled
(4 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
ACO (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
2013 Integrating palliative care information and hospice referral in medicaid primary care.
27  Apparent bone density
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
THA (3 times)
BIC (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
2007 Influence of implant diameter on surrounding bone.
28  arterial base deficit
(4 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
JHH (1 time)
pABD (1 time)
1993 Acute hemorrhage in dogs: construction and validation of models to quantify blood loss.
29  absence of biallelic TCRgamma deletion
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
T-ALL (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
2010 Absence of biallelic TCRgamma deletion predicts early treatment failure in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
30  acquired brain damage
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
TBI (1 time)
WMS (1 time)
2000 Measurement of problem-solving deficits in adults with acquired brain damage.
31  adapter-binding domain
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RBD (2 times)
HDX-MS (1 time)
iSH2 (1 time)
2010 The structure of p85ni in class IA phosphoinositide 3-kinase exhibits interdomain disorder.
32  aerosol bolus dispersion
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
EAD (3 times)
ADAM (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
1999 Noninvasive diagnosis of emphysema. Aerosol morphometry and aerosol bolus dispersion in comparison to HRCT.
33  ankle brachial difference
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ABI (3 times)
eGDR (2 times)
AER (1 time)
2002 Glycemia (or, in women, estimated glucose disposal rate) predict lower extremity arterial disease events in type 1 diabetes.
34  antibacterial drugs
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
J-ACNES (1 time)
MBT (1 time)
1991 [The use of antioxidants in the complex therapy of patients with infiltrating pulmonary tuberculosis].
35  Arthropod-borne diseases
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GB (1 time)
NJ (1 time)
2002 Biosecurity for arthropod-borne diseases.
36  4-aminobenzamidine
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
BD (2 times)
MUGB (2 times)
NPGB (2 times)
1982 Antifertility activity of systemically administered proteinase (acrosin) inhibitors.
37  abdominal diameter
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BPD (2 times)
CAA (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1991 [Standard fetal growth curves--current aspects of their utilization].
38  abdominal wall
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
RC (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
1994 [Flumazenil antagonism of midazolam-induced respiratory depression].
39  absence of bi-allelic deletion of TCR gamma chains
(2 times)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
ETP-ALL (1 time)
MEF2C (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
2020 MEF2C expression, but not absence of bi-allelic deletion of TCR gamma chains (ABD), is a predictor of patient outcome in Indian T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
40  acute biliary disease
(2 times)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
AH (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2020 Gut Microbiota in Alcoholic Hepatitis is Disparate from Those in Acute Alcoholic Pancreatitis and Biliary Disease.
41  acute brain death
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DPR (2 times)
IVF (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2014 Direct peritoneal resuscitation improves inflammation, liver blood flow, and pulmonary edema in a rat model of acute brain death.
42  adenosine-binding domain
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DHFR (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
NDLD (1 time)
2006 The relationship between chain connectivity and domain stability in the equilibrium and kinetic folding mechanisms of dihydrofolate reductase from E.coli.
43  adolescent bipolar disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
BEN (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
2012 Where, when, how high, and how long? The hemodynamics of emotional response in psychotropic-naïve patients with adolescent bipolar disorder.
44  adult bipolar disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PBD (2 times)
HC (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2012 Mechanistic comparisons of functional domains across pediatric and adult bipolar disorder highlight similarities, as well as differences, influenced by the developing brain.
45  adynamic bone
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ESRF (2 times)
OM (2 times)
ROD (2 times)
2003 Useful biochemical markers for diagnosing renal osteodystrophy in predialysis end-stage renal failure patients.
46  aluminum bone disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
DFO (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
1992 Non-invasive prediction of aluminum bone disease in hemo- and peritoneal dialysis patients.
47  antegrade balloon dilation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
AG (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
1996 Antegrade balloon dilation of postoperative ureterovesical junction obstruction in children.
48  aplastic bone disease
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
1994 Adynamic bone disease with negative aluminium staining in predialysis patients: prevalence and evolution after maintenance dialysis.
49  arabinose-binding domain
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GH54 (2 times)
CBM (1 time)
fCBD (1 time)
2004 Crystal structure of a family 54 alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase reveals a novel carbohydrate-binding module that can bind arabinose.
50  assimilation of bicarbonate in the dark
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2015 Heterotrophic bicarbonate assimilation is the main process of de novo organic carbon synthesis in hadal zone of the Hellenic Trench, the deepest part of Mediterranean Sea.
51  attributable burden of disease
(2 times)
Global Health
(1 time)
DALYs (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
GBD (1 time)
2018 The 2016 global and national burden of diabetes mellitus attributable to PM25 air pollution.
52  autoimmune blistering disease
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
aCL (1 time)
aPLs (1 time)
Th (1 time)
2006 Both Th1 and Th2 chemokines are elevated in sera of patients with autoimmune blistering diseases.
53  automated biopsy device
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1996 A one-hand operation gun for transrectal prostate biopsy.
54  autozygosity by descent
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
STRPs (1 time)
2008 Identification of SLC26A4 gene mutations in Iranian families with hereditary hearing impairment.
55  average bone density
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
1998 Correlation between the values of bone measurements using DXA, QCT and USD methods and the bone strength in calcanei in vitro.
56  axon-bearing dendrite
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIS (2 times)
AP (1 time)
APs (1 time)
2018 Morphological and Biophysical Determinants of the Intracellular and Extracellular Waveforms in Nigral Dopaminergic Neurons: A Computational Study.
57  A, B, and D
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HML (1 time)
1999 Characterization of human MMTV-like (HML) elements similar to a sequence that was highly expressed in a human breast cancer: further definition of the HML-6 group.
58  AB deoxycholate
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
ABCD (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness and Safety of Amphotericin B Deoxycholate, Amphotericin B Colloidal Dispersion, and Liposomal Amphotericin B as Third-Line Treatments for Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis: A Retrospective Study.
59  abdominal aorta
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2003 Doppler evaluation of peripheral vascular adaptations to transverse aortic banding in mice.
60  abdominal bladder
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LEG (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
MSNA (1 time)
2013 Pneumatic antishock garment inflation activates the human sympathetic nervous system by abdominal compression.
61  abdominal compartment
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
RC (1 time)
RUP (1 time)
TIVA (1 time)
2014 Comparison of respiratory function during TIVA and isoflurane anaesthesia in ponies Part II: breathing patterns and transdiaphragmatic pressure.
62  abdominal cooling
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
MEN (1 time)
NEC (1 time)
2018 Self-paced exercise performance in the heat with neck cooling, menthol application, and abdominal cooling.
63  abdominal respiratory inductance plethysmography
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BiLSTM (1 time)
FlowTh (1 time)
LSTM (1 time)
2020 Deep Recurrent Neural Networks for Automatic Detection of Sleep Apnea from Single Channel Respiration Signals.
64  abdominal subcutaneous
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GF (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
2016 Impact of endurance exercise training on adipocyte microRNA expression in overweight men.
65  abdominal subcutaneous tissue
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GLU (1 time)
INJ (1 time)
L/P (1 time)
2006 [Influence of temperature on extracellular glucose and lactate after traumatic brain injury].
66  abdominal/pelvic
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 The importance of empiric abdominal computed tomography after urgent laparotomy for trauma: do they reveal unexpected injuries?
67  abducted
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
ADD (1 time)
BFlh (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2020 Effect of Hip Joint Position on Electromyographic Activity of the Individual Hamstring Muscles During Stiff-Leg Deadlift.
68  abduction-adduction
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
IER (1 time)
2021 On the 3D Nature of the Magpie (Aves: Pica pica) Functional Hindlimb Anatomy During the Take-Off Jump.
69  aberrant bile duct
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BDM (1 time)
CDM (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2004 Is drip infusion cholecystocholangiography (DIC) an acceptable modality at cholecystectomy for cholecystolithiasis, considering the frequency of bile duct maljunction and intraoperative bile duct injury?
70  Able-bodied
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
ML (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2015 Intrinsic and Extrinsic Contributions to Seated Balance in the Sagittal and Coronal Planes: Implications for Trunk Control After Spinal Cord Injury.
71  absolute breast density
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
PBD (1 time)
2014 Differential impact of body mass index on absolute and percent breast density: implications regarding their use as breast cancer risk biomarkers.
72  absorbed dose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Aa (1 time)
BED (1 time)
MXR (1 time)
2021 Population exposure-response model of 131I in patients with benign thyroid disease.
73  abundance
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPP (1 time)
FSR (1 time)
2019 Reliability of Protein Abundance and Synthesis Measurements in Human Skeletal Muscle.
74  acetate-containing bicarbonate dialysate
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
1998 Substitution of acetic acid for hydrochloric acid in the bicarbonate buffered dialysate.
75  acoustic-based diagnosis
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2020 Learning Attention Representation with a Multi-Scale CNN for Gear Fault Diagnosis under Different Working Conditions.
76  Acquired bleeding disorders
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2013 Diagnosis and management of common acquired bleeding disorders.
77  actin filament-binding domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
DHD (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
1999 Association of frabin with the actin cytoskeleton is essential for microspike formation through activation of Cdc42 small G protein.
78  actin-binding
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FLNC (1 time)
2019 A novel mutation in the N-terminal acting-binding domain of Filamin C protein causing a distal myofibrillar myopathy.
79  actin-binding headpiece
(1 time)
Crystallization
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
2007 Expression, crystallization and preliminary crystallographic data analysis of filamin A repeats 14-16.
80  Activity Based Distance
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DTW (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2020 Analyzing Distance Measures for Upper Limb Activity Measurement in Hemiparetic Stroke Patients.
81  actual body density
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PBD (1 time)
1989 Validity and intertester error of anthropometric estimations of body density.
82  acute beryllium disease
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
2009 A reconsideration of acute Beryllium disease.
83  acute biatrial dilation
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
VSD (1 time)
WKY (1 time)
2020 Arrhythmia susceptibility in a rat model of acute atrial dilation.
84  Acute bipolar depression
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ECT (1 time)
1996 Management of the depressive component of bipolar disorder.
85  acute bloody diarrhea
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AFR (1 time)
AFVR (1 time)
AJ (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of the trends in the incidence of infectious diseases using the syndromic surveillance system, early warning and response unit, Mongolia, from 2009 to 2017: a retrospective descriptive multi-year analytical study.
86  adaptive basis division
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TD error (1 time)
2003 Adaptive internal state space construction method for reinforcement learning of a real-world agent.
87  adaptor binding
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
PIK3CAmut (1 time)
2018 PIK3CA missense mutations promote glioblastoma pathogenesis, but do not enhance targeted PI3K inhibition.
88  adolescent binge drinking
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AUD/SUD (1 time)
EABD (1 time)
2021 Extreme Binge Drinking During Adolescence: Associations With Subsequent Substance Use Disorders in American Indian and Mexican American Young Adults.
89  adolescent brain development
(1 time)
Adolescent Medicine
(1 time)
MMD (1 time)
2011 Adolescent brain development and the mature minor doctrine.
90  adult BD
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
2013 A developmental study on the neural circuitry mediating response flexibility in bipolar disorder.
91  adult blood donors
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
HTLV-I (1 time)
RCF (1 time)
1994 Some epidemiological features of the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) and ATL in Nigerians.
92  advanced beer-spoiler detection
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LAB (1 time)
2007 Development of detection medium for hard-to-culture beer-spoilage lactic acid bacteria.
93  advanced bipolar device
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
USAD (1 time)
2021 Repeated partial tissue bite with inadequate cooling time for an energy device may cause thermal injury.
94  after bronchodilator
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
BBD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2019 A specific subtype of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease classified by forced vital capacity.
95  Aggressive Behavior/Delinquency
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AOD (1 time)
POSIT (1 time)
1997 Factors associated with aggressive and delinquent behaviors among patients attending an adolescent medicine clinic.
96  aggressive behavioural disturbances
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Basic criteria for evaluating the clinical variants of aggressive behavior disorders in epileptics].
97  air bubble detector
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2012 A survey on air bubble detector placement in the CPB circuit: a 2011 cross-sectional analysis of the practice of Certified Clinical Perfusionists.
98  airborne division
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
PTS (1 time)
2007 [About the improvement of communication system and information transmission in medical service control in airborne division].
99  airway balloon dilation
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
atm (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2015 Histopathological effect of balloon dilation in a live rabbit: Implications for the pediatric airway.
100  aldehyde based disinfectant
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MAR (1 time)
OXC (1 time)
2007 Commonly used farm disinfectants can select for mutant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium with decreased susceptibility to biocides and antibiotics without compromising virulence.