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Abbreviation: AC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adenylyl cyclase
(2182 times)
Biochemistry
(359 times)
cAMP (268 times)
PKA (234 times)
PLC (114 times)
1975 The metabolism of cyclic-3'-5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in diseased muscle.
activated carbon
(1621 times)
Environmental Health
(766 times)
SEM (67 times)
XRD (57 times)
ASC (53 times)
1980 The adsorption of bile salts on activated carbon.
alternating current
(997 times)
Chemistry
(240 times)
DC (307 times)
DEP (36 times)
SEM (22 times)
1975 Spike frequency of the nodal membrane generated by high-frequency alternating current.
adenocarcinoma
(970 times)
Neoplasms
(460 times)
SCC (484 times)
NSCLC (181 times)
OS (96 times)
1977 Adenosquamous carcinoma of the endometrium. An entity with an inherent poor prognosis?
abdominal circumference
(694 times)
Obstetrics
(265 times)
FL (267 times)
HC (251 times)
BPD (247 times)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
anterior chamber
(659 times)
Ophthalmology
(437 times)
IOP (117 times)
ACAID (53 times)
IOL (41 times)
1975 Iris photocoagulation therapy of aphakic pupillary block.
acromioclavicular
(612 times)
Orthopedics
(247 times)
CC (157 times)
VAS (35 times)
ASES (23 times)
1983 Fractured coracoid process in acromioclavicular dislocations. Report of four cases and review of the literature.
attenuation correction
(466 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(211 times)
CT (83 times)
PET (79 times)
SPECT (55 times)
1996 Validation of postinjection transmission measurements for attenuation correction in neurological FDG-PET studies.
auditory cortex
(425 times)
Neurology
(144 times)
IC (92 times)
MGB (40 times)
fMRI (28 times)
1969 Echo-location of bats after ablation of auditory cortex.
10  adjuvant chemotherapy
(394 times)
Neoplasms
(224 times)
OS (172 times)
NAC (71 times)
HR (65 times)
1991 Results and prognostic factors of surgery in the management of non-small cell lung cancer with solitary brain metastasis.
11  acute cholecystitis
(350 times)
General Surgery
(153 times)
LC (99 times)
PC (42 times)
PTGBD (22 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
12  articular cartilage
(333 times)
Orthopedics
(78 times)
OA (100 times)
ECM (19 times)
NP (17 times)
1984 Microinjury to the synovial membrane may cause disaggregation of proteoglycans in rabbit knee joint articular cartilage.
13  air conduction
(319 times)
Otolaryngology
(110 times)
BC (153 times)
ABG (72 times)
PTA (29 times)
1977 Long-term results after stapedectomy.
14  anticoagulation
(214 times)
Vascular Diseases
(43 times)
AF (36 times)
AP (23 times)
PE (23 times)
1984 Thromboembolism and cancer: treatment with the Hunter balloon.
15  activated charcoal
(186 times)
Toxicology
(38 times)
NAA (11 times)
BA (9 times)
IBA (9 times)
1977 Effect of activated charcoal on callus growth and shoot organogenesis in tobacco.
16  allergic conjunctivitis
(173 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(51 times)
AR (27 times)
VKC (18 times)
OVA (16 times)
1990 Human conjunctival mast cells: distribution of MCT and MCTC in vernal conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis.
17  anterior commissure
(172 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PC (25 times)
CC (24 times)
TLM (11 times)
1978 Identification of vasopressin in the subfornical organ region: effects of dehydration.
18  atypical carcinoid
(151 times)
Neoplasms
(54 times)
TC (123 times)
LCNEC (73 times)
SCLC (66 times)
1988 Atypical carcinoid of the lung. A distinct clinicopathologic entity.
19  antioxidant capacity
(146 times)
Chemistry
(41 times)
TPC (33 times)
TP (14 times)
FRAP (9 times)
1989 [Changes in anti-oxidative homeostasis in hemodialysis patients].
20  accessory cells
(126 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(97 times)
IL-2 (16 times)
PHA (13 times)
Con A (11 times)
1983 The effects of high-dose UV exposure on murine Langerhans cell function at exposed and unexposed sites as assessed using in vivo and in vitro assays.
21  anticoagulant
(118 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AP (41 times)
AF (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1980 Anticoagulant vs anti-platelet therapy as prophylactic against cerebral infarction in transient ischemic attacks.
22  actinic cheilitis
(117 times)
Dentistry
(45 times)
SCC (24 times)
LSCC (16 times)
PDT (15 times)
2003 Altered cytokeratin expression in actinic cheilitis.
23  adriamycin and cyclophosphamide
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(80 times)
CINV (35 times)
CR (19 times)
MEC (16 times)
1979 [Current status in the treatment of breast cancer. II. Adjuvant chemotherapy, palliative polychemotherapy, chemoimmunotherapy--rating and results (author's transl)].
24  Aesthetic Component
(111 times)
Dentistry
(81 times)
IOTN (97 times)
DHC (60 times)
DAI (11 times)
1996 Orthodontic concern among 11-year-old children and their parents compared with orthodontic treatment need assessed by index of orthodontic treatment need.
25  acylcarnitine
(110 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
FC (37 times)
TC (26 times)
aa (17 times)
1981 The influence of maternal fat metabolism on fetal carnitine levels.
26  accuracy
(101 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
Sp (60 times)
Se (34 times)
NPV (23 times)
1993 Imaging of neuroblastoma in patients identified by mass screening using urinary catecholamine metabolites.
27  adhesive capsulitis
(99 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
ROM (27 times)
VAS (14 times)
SPADI (11 times)
2002 Technetium-99m human immunoglobulin scintigraphy in patients with adhesive capsulitis: a correlative study with bone scintigraphy.
28  attention control
(99 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
MI (7 times)
CI (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1984 Effects of exercise on the physical fitness, intelligence, and adaptive behavior of institutionalized mentally retarded adults.
29  absolute configuration
(96 times)
Chemistry
(69 times)
VCD (37 times)
ECD (28 times)
DFT (18 times)
2001 Determination of absolute configuration using vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy: the chiral sulfoxide 1-(2-methylnaphthyl) methyl sulfoxide.
30  acid ceramidase
(95 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
S1P (12 times)
ASM (6 times)
NOE (5 times)
1998 Cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences encoding murine acid ceramidase.
31  arachnoid cyst
(92 times)
Neurosurgery
(31 times)
CSF (10 times)
CSDH (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
1989 [Clinical study on intracranial arachnoid cyst: with reference to the middle cranial fossa].
32  Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy
(89 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
LV (11 times)
RV (9 times)
DSG2 (8 times)
2011 Pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.
33  arm circumference
(88 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(30 times)
BMI (42 times)
AMC (19 times)
TSF (15 times)
1982 Error in blood-pressure measurement due to incorrect cuff size in obese patients.
34  arterial compliance
(88 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
Ep (18 times)
AI (14 times)
PWV (14 times)
1988 Enhanced brachial artery compliance following perindopril in essential hypertension.
35  amylose content
(87 times)
Genetics
(16 times)
GT (15 times)
GC (12 times)
PC (12 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
36  alcoholic cirrhosis
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
NAC (11 times)
AH (10 times)
LT (10 times)
1976 Extraction of 125I-albumin microaggregates from portal blood. An index of functional portal blood supply in cirrhotics.
37  acute cholangitis
(69 times)
Gastroenterology
(25 times)
ERCP (12 times)
LOS (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
38  acetaminophen
(67 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
DA (16 times)
DPV (16 times)
CV (13 times)
1995 Predicting survival in fulminant hepatic failure using serum Gc protein concentrations.
39  anterior cingulate
(66 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
AD (8 times)
FA (8 times)
fMRI (7 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
40  attenuation coefficient
(66 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
NAFLD (10 times)
ATI (9 times)
BSC (6 times)
1976 An automated flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent glutathione reductase assay for assessing riboflavin nutriture.
41  amniocentesis
(65 times)
Obstetrics
(32 times)
CVS (39 times)
NT (5 times)
US (5 times)
1989 Incidence of spontaneous abortion after amniocentesis: influence of placental localization and past obstetric and gynecologic history.
42  asymptomatic carriers
(63 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HTLV-1 (17 times)
ARC (14 times)
ATL (10 times)
1989 Beta-interferon and early stage HIV infection.
43  acid
(62 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
AL (3 times)
AN (3 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
44  aconitine
(55 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
HA (26 times)
MA (26 times)
BAC (16 times)
2000 Modification of alpha subunit of RIIA sodium channels by aconitine.
45  acetone
(54 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
ET (5 times)
FTIR (5 times)
MeOH (5 times)
1983 Relationship between the carbon skeleton length of ketonic solvents and potentiation of chloroform-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
46  anchor cell
(54 times)
Embryology
(29 times)
BM (10 times)
VU (9 times)
VPCs (7 times)
1989 Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans.
47  awake craniotomy
(54 times)
Neurosurgery
(29 times)
GA (13 times)
EOR (7 times)
KPS (5 times)
2010 [Efficacy of remifentanil for anesthetic management of awake craniotomy].
48  Ameloblastic carcinoma
(53 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
AM (7 times)
TG (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2004 Expression profiling of ameloblastic carcinoma.
49  aortic constriction
(52 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LV (20 times)
SH (8 times)
LVH (6 times)
1987 Mechanical catecholamine responsiveness and myosin isoenzyme pattern of pressure-overloaded rat ventricular myocardium.
50  atherogenic coefficient
(52 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
AIP (34 times)
TG (14 times)
TC (13 times)
1984 [HDL cholesterol lipoprotein levels and the atherogenicity coefficient in males with diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease].
51  ammonium chloride
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EG (18 times)
HDSS (4 times)
CQ (3 times)
1982 Changes in renal handling of platinum in cisplatinum-treated rats following induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.
52  augmentation cystoplasty
(46 times)
Urology
(30 times)
OAB (7 times)
VUR (7 times)
NDO (4 times)
2002 Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy.
53  adrenal crisis
(45 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
AI (25 times)
CAH (9 times)
PAI (8 times)
2009 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
54  aortic calcification
(45 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
CAC (13 times)
BMD (11 times)
ACS (5 times)
1992 The effect of overlying calcification on lumbar bone densitometry.
55  active control
(44 times)
Geriatrics
(7 times)
SMD (6 times)
IC (4 times)
SC (4 times)
2000 Postactivation potentiation in endurance-trained male athletes.
56  alveolar crest
(44 times)
Dentistry
(39 times)
CEJ (25 times)
BD (19 times)
GTR (7 times)
1985 Quantitative assessment of tooth wear, alveolar-crest height and continuing eruption in a Romano-British population.
57  air-conducted
(43 times)
Audiology
(17 times)
BC (26 times)
oVEMPs (9 times)
VEMP (7 times)
1993 Thyroid hormone induces earlier onset of auditory function in neonatal rats.
58  apoptotic cells
(43 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
NO (3 times)
PPARgamma (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
1991 Occurrence and inhibition by cycloheximide of apoptosis in vinblastine-treated murine pancreas. A role for autophagy?
59  Antrodia camphorata
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
NO (6 times)
iNOS (5 times)
ROS (5 times)
2007 Unique formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and -independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
60  Antrodia cinnamomea
(39 times)
Biology
(6 times)
ALDH2 (2 times)
FFA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
2008 Ethanolic extracts of Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia fermented at varied times and scales have differential effects on hepatoma cells and normal primary hepatocytes.
61  articular chondrocytes
(39 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
ECM (7 times)
MSC (7 times)
OA (6 times)
1973 Interferon responsiveness of rabbit synovial cells and chondrocytes.
62  adherent cells
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
NAC (6 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1979 Monocyte dependence of pokeweed mitogen-induced differentiation of immunoglobulin-secreting cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
63  anal cancer
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
HPV (8 times)
MSM (7 times)
CRT (6 times)
1995 Rare anal canal cancers in the U.S. veteran: patterns of disease and results of treatment.
64  armchair
(37 times)
Nanotechnology
(17 times)
ZZ (32 times)
BP (7 times)
DFT (7 times)
2012 Edge structural stability and kinetics of graphene chemical vapor deposition growth.
65  aberrant crypts
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
ACF (18 times)
AOM (16 times)
DMH (9 times)
1988 Specificity study to evaluate induction of aberrant crypts in murine colons.
66  affinity chromatography
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HIC (3 times)
IEC (3 times)
IgG (3 times)
1983 Purification of HBsAg produced by the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRE/5 by affinity chromatography using monoclonal antibodies and application for ELISA diagnostic.
67  alcohol consumption
(32 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
AUD (4 times)
GWAS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1988 [Relationship between blood pressure level and different types of alcoholic beverages].
68  ampullary carcinoma
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
OS (12 times)
PD (5 times)
PDAC (4 times)
2000 Fas-Fas ligand pathway does not actively work in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.
69  ascending colon
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
DC (11 times)
GI (4 times)
TC (4 times)
1993 Noninvasive measurement of human ascending colon volume.
70  anthracycline
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
LVEF (4 times)
BC (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1993 Chemosensitivity testing of human mouth carcinoma cell line.
71  aerobic capacity
(30 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
AP (4 times)
BMI (4 times)
HFZ (4 times)
1984 Physiologic and anthropometric factors underlying endurance performance in children.
72  aortic coarctation
(30 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
BA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Myocardial beta-receptors in experimental renal and aortic coarctation hypertensive rabbits.
73  acupuncture
(29 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
QoL (5 times)
EAc (4 times)
IBS (4 times)
1998 The effects of qi-gong and acupuncture on human cerebral evoked potentials and electroencephalogram.
74  Appraisal Committee
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
ERG (28 times)
NICE (27 times)
ICER (17 times)
2010 Cetuximab for recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a NICE single technology appraisal.
75  active commuting
(28 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
PA (6 times)
MVPA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2008 Predictors of initiating and maintaining active commuting to work using transport and public health perspectives in Australia.
76  anthocyanins
(28 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
CVD (3 times)
AA (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
2010 Application of artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to predict the changes of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, Total phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity during storage of red bayberry juice based on fractal analysis and red, green, and blue (RGB) intensity values.
77  anticholinergic
(28 times)
Female Urogenital Diseases
(5 times)
ADS (4 times)
ACB (3 times)
ARS (3 times)
1995 Positron emission tomography of reversible intellectual impairment induced by long-term anticholinergic therapy.
78  acetylcholine
(27 times)
Therapeutics
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
BA (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1975 [Comparative study on the action of some substituted benzamides on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig].
79  anaplastic carcinoma
(27 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
FC (15 times)
MC (9 times)
PTC (9 times)
1991 Expression of class I and II human leukocyte antigens by thyrocytes and lymphocytic infiltration on human thyroid tumors. An immunofluorescence study.
80  Appropriateness Criteria
(27 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
ACR (6 times)
TTE (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2008 Evaluation of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Society of Nuclear Cardiology appropriateness criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.
81  Arterial calcification
(26 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
PAD (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
1987 Serum magnesium level and arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease.
82  atypical
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TC (26 times)
LCNEC (3 times)
pc (3 times)
2001 [Expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and angiogenesis in broncho-pulmonary carcinoids].
83  acceleration capacity
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DC (25 times)
HRV (9 times)
SDNN (5 times)
2009 [Holter monitoring in healthy children during first days of life].
84  artificial cycle
(25 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(10 times)
FET (17 times)
NC (10 times)
LBR (8 times)
2014 The artificial cycle method improves the pregnancy outcome in frozen-thawed embryo transfer: a retrospective cohort study.
85  assembly compartment
(25 times)
Virology
(12 times)
HCMV (16 times)
aa (3 times)
ERC (3 times)
2006 Sequence requirements for localization of human cytomegalovirus tegument protein pp28 to the virus assembly compartment and for assembly of infectious virus.
86  acrolein
(24 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
AA (4 times)
CP (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1981 Assessment of the teratogenic potential of acrolein and cyclophosphamide in a rat embryo culture system.
87  actor-critic
(24 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(10 times)
RL (7 times)
NNs (4 times)
ADP (3 times)
2004 A parameter control method in reinforcement learning to rapidly follow unexpected environmental changes.
88  adiabatic connection
(24 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
DFT (3 times)
ERPA (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
2007 Modeling the adiabatic connection in H2.
89  amygdaloid complex
(24 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BL (3 times)
AD (2 times)
DZP (2 times)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
90  adaptive copers
(23 times)
Psychophysiology
(8 times)
Dys (11 times)
ID (10 times)
MPI (7 times)
1987 A test of the punctuated-cycling hypothesis in Ambystoma forelimb regenerates: the roles of animal size, limb innervation, and the aneurogenic condition.
91  acrylamide
(22 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NF (4 times)
i.p (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 Neurofilament antigens in acrylamide neuropathy.
92  anticoagulation clinic
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
DOAC (3 times)
AF (2 times)
ASA (2 times)
1985 Cost-justification of a clinical pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.
93  asphalt concrete
(22 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SMA (9 times)
OGFC (4 times)
IDT (2 times)
2006 Road pavers' occupational exposure to asphalt containing waste plastic and tall oil pitch.
94  abdominal compression
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
SBRT (5 times)
LR (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1976 Effect of rib cage or abdomen compression at iso-lung volume on breathing pattern.
95  active component
(21 times)
Military Medicine
(6 times)
RNG (3 times)
MSKIs (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2002 Dental cost of deploying a National Guard unit to Bosnia.
96  alveolar cells
(21 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(14 times)
ELF (16 times)
BAL (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
1999 Intrapulmonary concentrations of pyrazinamide.
97  anterior cingulate cortex
(21 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
mPFC (5 times)
MDD (4 times)
BD (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization in the corticocortical connections of medial agranular cortex in rats.
98  autocorrelation
(21 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FHR (2 times)
MF (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
1991 Estimation of mean frequency and variance of ultrasonic Doppler signal by using second-order autoregressive model.
99  activity
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1983 Cyclic nucleotides in experimental and human brain tumors.
100  astrocytes
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BBB (6 times)
EC (5 times)
dbcAMP (2 times)
1992 Action of endothelin-1 on rat astrocytes through the ETB receptor.