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Abbreviation: ACD
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Long forms: 386

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anterior chamber depth
(1437 times)
Ophthalmology
(1011 times)
AL (502 times)
CCT (320 times)
LT (272 times)
1975 Anterior chamber depth and primary angle-closure glaucoma. II. A genetic study.
allergic contact dermatitis
(982 times)
Dermatology
(512 times)
ICD (66 times)
AD (63 times)
DNFB (48 times)
1976 Allergic contact dermatitis to low molecular weight allergens in the chicken.
anemia of chronic disease
(292 times)
Hematology
(72 times)
IDA (95 times)
RA (44 times)
sTfR (38 times)
1983 The anemia of chronic disease.
acid-citrate-dextrose
(132 times)
Hematology
(25 times)
EDTA (17 times)
CPD (16 times)
DPG (7 times)
1960 The use of stored acid-citrate-dextrose (ACD) blood for clinical extracorporeal circulation.
asymmetric cell division
(96 times)
Cell Biology
(24 times)
SCD (5 times)
GSCs (4 times)
CSCs (3 times)
2004 Asymmetric localization of LGN but not AGS3, two homologs of Drosophila pins, in dividing human neural progenitor cells.
active compression-decompression
(72 times)
Emergency Medicine
(46 times)
CPR (50 times)
ITD (19 times)
ROSC (15 times)
1992 Active compression-decompression. A new method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Working Group.
absolute claudication distance
(67 times)
Vascular Diseases
(50 times)
ICD (37 times)
PAD (20 times)
ABI (14 times)
1987 Treatment of claudication with pentoxifylline: are benefits related to improvement in viscosity?
actinomycin D
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
MTX (11 times)
VCR (11 times)
ADM (7 times)
1969 Temporal order in mammalian cells. I. The periodic synthesis of lactate dehydrogenase in the cell cycle.
anterior cervical discectomy
(56 times)
Neurosurgery
(32 times)
ACDF (15 times)
VAS (9 times)
NDI (5 times)
1991 Clinical long-term results of anterior discectomy without interbody fusion for cervical disc disease.
10  autophagic cell death
(48 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
HCN (7 times)
PCD (6 times)
ER (5 times)
2008 ApoL1, a BH3-only lipid-binding protein, induces autophagic cell death.
11  alpha-crystallin domain
(39 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
sHsps (27 times)
SAXS (5 times)
NTR (3 times)
2004 Tomato heat stress protein Hsp16.1-CIII represents a member of a new class of nucleocytoplasmic small heat stress proteins in plants.
12  active case detection
(38 times)
Tropical Medicine
(19 times)
PCD (12 times)
VL (11 times)
IRS (5 times)
1999 Current status of malaria infection in a southeastern province of Lao PDR.
13  acetaldehyde
(36 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(11 times)
EtOH (17 times)
DA (8 times)
VTA (5 times)
2002 The reinforcing effects of acetaldehyde in the posterior ventral tegmental area of alcohol-preferring rats.
14  all-cause death
(34 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
MI (13 times)
HR (12 times)
CI (11 times)
2004 Diminishing proportional risk of sudden death with advancing age: implications for prevention of sudden death.
15  alveolar capillary dysplasia
(32 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
PPHN (6 times)
ECMO (4 times)
FOXF1 (2 times)
1997 Inhaled nitric oxide enhances oxygenation but not survival in infants with alveolar capillary dysplasia.
16  annular closure device
(29 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
ODI (10 times)
VAS (6 times)
RCT (5 times)
2013 Protecting facet joints post-lumbar discectomy: Barricaid annular closure device reduces risk of facet degeneration.
17  Avellino corneal dystrophy
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
GCD (5 times)
TGFBI (5 times)
LCDI (4 times)
2000 The spectrum of beta ig-h3 gene mutations in Japanese patients with corneal dystrophy.
18  advance care directive
(26 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
ACP (15 times)
SDM (4 times)
EG (3 times)
2000 Advance care planning in residential care.
19  Adventitial cystic disease
(26 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
CT (1 time)
GC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2002 Adventitial cystic disease of the axillary artery.
20  acute colonic diverticulitis
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CT (7 times)
US (6 times)
MRI (4 times)
1997 Prospective evaluation of ultrasonography in acute colonic diverticulitis.
21  Available Chemicals Directory
(23 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
MDDR (9 times)
HTS (2 times)
TCMCD (2 times)
1999 Ligand solvation in molecular docking.
22  acute Chagas disease
(22 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
SINAN (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1993 [Intracardial autonomous nervous system in a fatal case of acute Chagas disease].
23  actin cross-linking domain
(21 times)
Science
(6 times)
MARTX (3 times)
RID (3 times)
ABH (2 times)
2004 Identification of a domain within the multifunctional Vibrio cholerae RTX toxin that covalently cross-links actin.
24  Acquired cystic disease
(20 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
RCC (15 times)
ESRD (6 times)
WHO (3 times)
1984 Renal pathology in end-stage renal disease associated with paraplegia.
25  adult cervical deformity
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
cSVA (5 times)
CI (3 times)
EQ-5D (3 times)
2015 Prospective Multicenter Assessment of Early Complication Rates Associated With Adult Cervical Deformity Surgery in 78 Patients.
26  active CD
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CD (17 times)
iCD (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
1993 Molecular forms of pseudocholinesterase in patients with Crohn's disease.
27  Anesthetic Conserving Device
(16 times)
Anesthesiology
(9 times)
ICU (6 times)
RASS (2 times)
ACD-condition (1 time)
2003 The anesthetic conserving device compared with conventional circle system used under different flow conditions for inhaled anesthesia.
28  Anal canal duplication
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
ARM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2001 Anal canal duplication in infants and children--a series of 6 cases.
29  acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
IVD (3 times)
3SP-CoA (2 times)
DTDP (2 times)
1986 Fatty acyl-CoA dehydrogenase enzymes in human skeletal muscle.
30  all-cause dementia
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (8 times)
VaD (3 times)
VD (3 times)
2014 Elevated HbA1c is associated with increased risk of incident dementia in primary care patients.
31  allergic conjunctival disease
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
AKC (5 times)
VKC (5 times)
AC (3 times)
2007 Concentration of soluble interleukin-6 receptors in tears of allergic conjunctival disease patients.
32  atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
IHD (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
1982 Rapid method for determining cholesteryl ester transitions of apoB-containing lipoproteins.
33  aboveground carbon density
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
LiDAR (2 times)
TCH (2 times)
AvgH (1 time)
2014 Carbon storage landscapes of lowland Hawaii: the role of native and invasive species through space and time.
34  adult coeliac disease
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
DH (2 times)
GSE (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1973 Cellular infiltrate of jejunal biopsies in adult coeliac disease (ACD) in relation to gluten withdrawal.
35  Amyloidosis cutis dyschromica
(11 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
GPNMB (2 times)
ANNOVAR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2001 Amyloidosis cutis dyschromica in two siblings.
36  anticancer drugs
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DAU (3 times)
MDR (3 times)
P-gp (3 times)
1991 Restoration of daunomycin retention in multidrug-resistant P388 cells by submicromolar concentrations of SDZ PSC 833, a nonimmunosuppressive cyclosporin derivative.
37  adaptive critic design
(10 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(7 times)
NN (2 times)
ADHDP (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
2007 Continuous-time adaptive critics.
38  anticonvulsant drug
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
AHS (1 time)
BECTS (1 time)
1986 Electrocardiographic accompaniments of temporal lobe epileptic seizures.
39  arteriotomy closure device
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
PCI (3 times)
CA/PCI (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2001 Vascular complications after percutaneous coronary interventions following hemostasis with manual compression versus arteriotomy closure devices.
40  age-related cognitive decline
(8 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AD (4 times)
APOE (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
2009 Testosterone and dihydrotestosterone differentially improve cognition in aged female mice.
41  alpha-cyclodextrin
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
A-S-CmN (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
CmN (1 time)
1994 [Demonstration of molecular combinations of alpha cyclodextrin (ACD) with dioctanoyl glycerol].
42  angiokeratoma corporis diffusum
(8 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
AGU (1 time)
AP (1 time)
GLA (1 time)
1989 Anorexia, weight loss, and diarrhea as presenting symptoms of angiokeratoma corporis diffusum (Fabry-Anderson's disease).
43  acampomelic campomelic dysplasia
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
MS (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
1997 Acampomelic campomelic dysplasia: further radiographic variations.
44  accidental cell death
(7 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
RCD (5 times)
PCD (2 times)
CDF (1 time)
2018 Accidental and Programmed Cell Death in Investigative and Toxicologic Pathology.
45  acromioclavicular joint dislocation
(7 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
ACR (1 time)
Ap-clav (1 time)
Cc-cor (1 time)
1988 Treatment of acromioclavicular disruptions: trial of a simple surgical approach.
46  advanced core decompression
(7 times)
Tissue Engineering
(3 times)
ONFH (3 times)
ABR (1 time)
ANFH (1 time)
2012 Advanced core decompression, a new treatment option of avascular necrosis of the femoral head--a first follow-up.
47  alcoholic cerebellar degeneration
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BARS (1 time)
ICARS (1 time)
MSA (1 time)
1997 Impaired upper limb coordination in alcoholic cerebellar degeneration.
48  AC depth
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
AC (5 times)
ACV (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
2005 Ciliary body edema after scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
49  administrative coded data
(6 times)
Communicable Disease Control
(1 time)
PPV (3 times)
HAIs (2 times)
NPV (2 times)
2013 Accuracy of administrative code data for the surveillance of healthcare-associated infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
50  agonistic character displacement
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RCD (2 times)
CRCD (1 time)
2009 The role of interspecific interference competition in character displacement and the evolution of competitor recognition.
51  Allantoic Core Domain
(6 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
IPS (2 times)
AGM (1 time)
Col IV (1 time)
2009 The Allantoic Core Domain: new insights into development of the murine allantois and its relation to the primitive streak.
52  apexcarotis diagram
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
S-AC (1 time)
1976 [Apex carotis diagram and benign systolic murmurs].
53  apoptotic cell death
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
14,15-EET (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
BMMCs (1 time)
2000 Neoplastic transformation of mammary epithelial cells in rats is associated with decreased apoptotic cell death.
54  assembly competence domain
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CBF (2 times)
SMMHC (2 times)
AML (1 time)
1997 A 29 residue region of the sarcomeric myosin rod is necessary for filament formation.
55  automated compounding device
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PN (5 times)
CPOE (2 times)
A.S.P.E.N (1 time)
2011 Sterility of pediatric lipid emulsions repackaged by an automated compounding device.
56  7-alkoxycoumarin O-dealkylase
(5 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
SCN (2 times)
GH (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Increase in urinary excretion of 6beta-hydroxycortisol in common marmosets as a marker of hepatic CYP3A induction.
57  acquired communication disorders
(5 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
SLP (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
ACAABI (1 time)
2014 Speech-language pathology practices with Indigenous Australians with acquired communication disorders.
58  active celiac disease
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GFD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CVID (1 time)
2003 Refractory coeliac sprue is a diffuse gastrointestinal disease.
59  active cell death
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CPO (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1992 Active cell death in hormone-dependent tissues.
60  albuminocytological dissociation
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CSF (4 times)
GBS (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2019 Causes of albuminocytological dissociation and the impact of age-adjusted cerebrospinal fluid protein reference intervals: a retrospective chart review of 2627 samples collected at tertiary care centre.
61  at-column dilution
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
HILIC (1 time)
RPLC HILIC (1 time)
RPLCxHILIC (1 time)
2017 Improved separation by at-column dilution in preparative hydrophilic interaction chromatography.
62  average compression depth
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
CPR (3 times)
ACR (2 times)
AVT (1 time)
2012 The specific effect of metronome guidance on the quality of one-person cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rescuer fatigue.
63  acid-citrate-dextrose solution
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
RBC (2 times)
2,3-DPG (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1962 Transfer of magnesium and citrate between red cells and plasma during storage in acid citrateglucose solution (ACD).
64  acute complicated diverticulitis
(4 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
CDD (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2019 The Multidisciplinary Management of Acute Complicated Diverticulitis.
65  acute coronary disease
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
CADP-CT (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2009 Lack of association between aspirin responsiveness and seven candidate gene haplotypes in patients with symptomatic vascular disease.
66  adenylyl cyclase domain
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CaM (1 time)
Cia (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2005 Structural basis for the interaction of Bordetella pertussis adenylyl cyclase toxin with calmodulin.
67  adrenocortical dysplasia homolog
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2014 Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome caused by a germline mutation in the TEL patch of the telomere protein TPP1.
68  allergic CD
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
FD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2004 Environmental contact factors in eczema and the results of patch testing Chinese patients with a modified European standard series of allergens.
69  anisotropic circular dichroism
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
BChl (1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
2002 Chirotopical properties of cisoid enones from circular dichroism (CD) and anisotropic circular dichroism (ACD) spectroscopy.
70  anterior cervical decompression
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
VAI (1 time)
2000 A survey of the peri-operative management of patients undergoing anterior cervical decompression in the UK and Eire.
71  anticoagulant citrate dextrose
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1996 Regional hemodialysis anticoagulation: hypertonic tri-sodium citrate or anticoagulant citrate dextrose-A.
72  anticoccidial drug
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
VAC (4 times)
cpa and netB (1 time)
Eapt (1 time)
2010 Comparison of Eimeria species distribution and salinomycin resistance in commercial broiler operations utilizing different coccidiosis control strategies.
73  articular cartilage defects
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ICRS (2 times)
BW (1 time)
FQUAD (1 time)
2012 Ten-year follow-up of a prospective, randomized clinical study of mosaic osteochondral autologous transplantation versus microfracture for the treatment of osteochondral defects in the knee joint of athletes.
74  atypical cystic duct
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
PgR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2000 Clinicopathological characteristics of atypical cystic duct (ACD) of the breast: assessment of ACD as a precancerous lesion.
75  awareness of cognitive decline
(4 times)
Alzheimer Disease
(2 times)
AD (4 times)
CN (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2020 The meta-memory ratio: a new cohort-independent way to measure cognitive awareness in asymptomatic individuals at risk for Alzheimer's disease.
76  acetate-containing bicarbonate dialysis
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AFD (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
HDF (2 times)
2010 Biocompatibility of dialysis fluid for online HDF.
77  acid citrate-glucose
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PI (1 time)
1947 DIMENSIONAL, OSMOTIC, AND CHEMICAL CHANGES OF ERYTHROCYTES IN STORED BLOOD. I. BLOOD PRESERVED IN SODIUM CITRATE, NEUTRAL, AND ACID CITRATE-GLUCOSE (ACD) MIXTURES.
78  acontractile detrusor
(3 times)
Genital Diseases, Male
(1 time)
PVR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
2006 Is it possible to use urodynamic variables to predict upper urinary tract dilatation in children with neurogenic bladder-sphincter dysfunction?
79  active cavitation detector
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
US (2 times)
ADV (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1990 An acoustic backscattering technique for the detection of transient cavitation produced by microsecond pulses of ultrasound.
80  acute cardiac decompensation
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
ASCVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 Hemodynamic monitoring prior to and at the time of death in status epilepticus.
81  adrenocortical disease
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Clinical and endocrine responses to treatment with deslorelin acetate implants in ferrets with adrenocortical disease.
82  Advance care discussions
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
pACP (1 time)
2012 Barriers to conducting advance care discussions for children with life-threatening conditions.
83  After-cooking darkening
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
SAPP (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
2010 Relative quantitative proteomic analysis reveals wound response proteins correlated with after-cooking darkening.
84  Amasya cherry disease
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
CCRS (2 times)
RdRp (2 times)
CP (1 time)
2004 Cherry chlorotic rusty spot and Amasya cherry diseases are associated with a complex pattern of mycoviral-like double-stranded RNAs. I. Characterization of a new species in the genus Chrysovirus.
85  anaerobic co-digestion
(3 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
AMY (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
2019 Combined Methane Energy Recovery and Toxic Dye Removal by Porous Carbon Derived from Anaerobically Modified Digestate.
86  apparent contact dimension
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
GZ (1 time)
2009 The apparent contact dimension and covariates among orthodontically treated and nontreated subjects.
87  apparent diffusion coefficient
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
BFV (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2008 Magnetic resonance imaging versus ultrasonography in fetal pathology.
88  Australasian College of Dermatologists
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
EU (1 time)
ITA (1 time)
2015 A casemix study of patients seen by a dermatology trainee in rural and urban outpatient settings.
89  Australian Cancer Database
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AIHW (1 time)
APC (1 time)
ASIR (1 time)
2014 The validity of self-reported cancer in an Australian population study.
90  AAL toxin-triggered cell death
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ET (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
ERF (1 time)
2012 Ethylene signaling pathway and MAPK cascades are required for AAL toxin-induced programmed cell death.
91  absolute walking distance
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICD (2 times)
PAD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2002 Heparan sulfate in the treatment of intermittent claudication: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter trial.
92  acampomelic CD
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
PRS (2 times)
2012 Complex genomic rearrangement in the SOX9 5' region in a patient with Pierre Robin sequence and hypoplastic left scapula.
93  acampomelic form of CD
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
CGH (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
2009 Familial acampomelic form of campomelic dysplasia caused by a 960 kb deletion upstream of SOX9.
94  Accountable Care Deutschland
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
SHI (1 time)
2021 Improving the continuity and coordination of ambulatory care through feedback and facilitated dialogue-a study protocol for a cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the ACD study (Accountable Care in Germany).
95  ACDpr
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IOL (1 time)
1996 [Calculation of the assumed postoperative anterior chamber depth as an important factor in the calculation of optic power of the intraocular lens].
96  acellular cadaveric dermis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2007 Use of acellular cadaveric dermis and tissue expansion in postmastectomy breast reconstruction.
97  acellular dermal
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FL (1 time)
PSCPs (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
1996 Acellular human dermal matrix as a small vessel substitute.
98  acid citrate-glucose solution
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1947 DIMENSIONAL, OSMOTIC, AND CHEMICAL CHANGES OF ERYTHROCYTES IN STORED BLOOD. III. COMPARISON OF 3 DILUTIONS OF ACID CITRATE-GLUCOSE SOLUTION (ACD).
99  acid-citrate-phosphate
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PRP (2 times)
1984 High yield of platelet-rich plasma from CPD blood compared to ACD blood.
100  acromioclavicular distance
(2 times)
Elbow
(1 time)
CCD (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACI (1 time)
2019 Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Modified Phemister Operation with Coracoclavicular Ligament Augmentation Using Suture Anchor for Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation.