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Abbreviation: AD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Alzheimer's disease
(78201 times)
Neurology
(31472 times)
MCI (5846 times)
APP (4012 times)
CSF (3405 times)
1975 Analysis of intellectual and cognitive performance in patients with multi-infarct dementia, vertebrobasilar insufficiency with dementia, and Alzheimer's disease.
atopic dermatitis
(8683 times)
Dermatology
(3231 times)
IL (470 times)
SCORAD (419 times)
IgE (259 times)
1975 Atopic disease and serum immunoglobulin-E.
anaerobic digestion
(1608 times)
Environmental Health
(812 times)
FW (89 times)
VS (88 times)
VFAs (82 times)
2001 New perspectives in anaerobic digestion.
aortic dissection
(671 times)
Cardiology
(175 times)
IMH (52 times)
CT (36 times)
TEVAR (32 times)
1982 Computed tomography versus aortography in diagnosis of aortic dissection.
axial diffusivity
(666 times)
Neurology
(189 times)
FA (575 times)
RD (567 times)
DTI (428 times)
2009 Assessing the effects of age on long white matter tracts using diffusion tensor tractography.
alcohol dependence
(663 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(293 times)
PTSD (48 times)
SNPs (45 times)
AUD (28 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
autosomal dominant
(400 times)
Genetics, Medical
(85 times)
AR (187 times)
RP (26 times)
HSP (22 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
antidepressant
(343 times)
Psychiatry
(126 times)
MDD (48 times)
SSRIs (25 times)
TRD (24 times)
1983 Reserpine-induced locomotor stimulation in mice chronically treated with typical and atypical antidepressants.
advance directive
(244 times)
Nursing
(41 times)
ACP (87 times)
EOL (27 times)
OR (11 times)
1992 The oncology nurse's role in patient advance directives.
10  afterdischarge
(239 times)
Neurology
(133 times)
AM (13 times)
GABA (7 times)
GST (7 times)
1975 Post-activation potentiation and the kindling phenomenon.
11  androstenedione
(229 times)
Biochemistry
(64 times)
ADD (36 times)
DHEA (31 times)
DHT (16 times)
1976 A method for tissue extraction and determination of prostate concentrations of endogenous androgens by radioimmunoassay.
12  adenocarcinoma
(220 times)
Neoplasms
(121 times)
NSCLC (74 times)
SCC (66 times)
SQ (52 times)
1981 Chemotherapy for inoperable, non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma: EST 2575, generation II.
13  anxiety disorders
(215 times)
Psychiatry
(91 times)
MDD (29 times)
GAD (19 times)
OCD (18 times)
1989 Differential rates of urinary noradrenalin excretion in affective disorders: utility of a short time sampling procedure.
14  autonomic dysreflexia
(210 times)
Neurology
(115 times)
SCI (148 times)
BP (30 times)
SBP (17 times)
1980 Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury.
15  adrenaline
(193 times)
Pharmacology
(45 times)
NA (113 times)
DA (43 times)
CA (12 times)
1976 The electrogenesis of adrenaline-hyperpolarization of sympathetic ganglion cells in bullfrogs.
16  autoimmune disease
(164 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(39 times)
SLE (23 times)
RA (19 times)
HSCT (12 times)
1986 Placental lesions in maternal autoimmune diseases.
17  autistic disorder
(160 times)
Psychiatry
(69 times)
AsD (26 times)
PDD-NOS (21 times)
TD (11 times)
1989 A five-year follow-up of preschool children diagnosed as having an atypical pervasive developmental disorder.
18  Addison's disease
(131 times)
Endocrinology
(70 times)
T1DM (15 times)
T1D (11 times)
APS (9 times)
1976 Spastic paraplegia associated with Addison's disease: adult variant of adreno-leukodystrophy.
19  androgen deprivation
(107 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
RT (28 times)
PSA (27 times)
EBRT (15 times)
1997 PSA levels and the rate of positive surgical margins in radical prostatectomy specimens preceded by androgen blockade in clinical B2 (T2bNxMo) prostate cancer. The Lupron Depot Neoadjuvant Study Group.
20  acute decompensation
(102 times)
Gastroenterology
(55 times)
ACLF (78 times)
MELD (11 times)
HBV (7 times)
2013 Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis.
21  applicability domain
(97 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
QSAR (30 times)
MLR (12 times)
QSPR (11 times)
2005 Statistically validated QSARs, based on theoretical descriptors, for modeling aquatic toxicity of organic chemicals in Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow).
22  activation domain
(96 times)
Molecular Biology
(31 times)
DBD (13 times)
BD (12 times)
LBD (5 times)
1993 Mouse monoclonal antibodies recognizing the activation domain of HIV-1 rev transactivator.
23  anterior deltoid
(94 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
PM (26 times)
EMG (24 times)
UT (23 times)
1987 Effects of arm acceleration and behavioral conditions on the organization of postural adjustments during arm flexion.
24  adenosine
(84 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ATP (9 times)
BF (9 times)
ADA (7 times)
1967 [Influence of adenosine (AD) and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT) on growth and porphyrin synthesis from delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in Achromobacter metalcaligenes].
25  Aujeszky's disease
(81 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(65 times)
ADV (17 times)
PRV (13 times)
VN (6 times)
1978 Immunological experimental arthritis in pigs. III. Inflammatory reactions in the brain of pigs immunized with the attenuated virus of Aujeszky's disease.
26  adjustment disorder
(79 times)
Psychiatry
(28 times)
PTSD (13 times)
MDD (9 times)
PPD (4 times)
1987 Adjustment disorder as a marginal or transitional illness category in DSM-III.
27  aortic distensibility
(79 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
AS (18 times)
ASI (13 times)
LV (10 times)
1996 Evaluation of aortic distensibility in patients with coronary artery disease by use of cine magnetic resonance.
28  autonomic dysfunction
(74 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
HRV (17 times)
HR (9 times)
HRR (8 times)
1992 Autonomic dysfunction in systemic sclerosis: sympathetic overactivity and instability.
29  androgen-dependent
(72 times)
Neoplasms
(32 times)
AI (54 times)
AR (17 times)
PCa (16 times)
1990 Loss of androgen dependence is associated with an increase in tumorigenic stem cells and resistance to cell-death genes.
30  acute diverticulitis
(70 times)
Gastroenterology
(30 times)
DD (6 times)
CAD (5 times)
CT (5 times)
1999 Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for acute and chronic diverticulitis. An outcomes comparison with laparoscopic resection for nondiverticular disease.
31  anoxic depolarization
(64 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
OGD (14 times)
SD (10 times)
fEPSPs (4 times)
1991 Depolarizing effects of anoxia on pyramidal cells of rat neocortex.
32  axillary dissection
(59 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
SNB (14 times)
SLNB (12 times)
SN (8 times)
2001 The effect of sentinel lymph node biopsy on the Nottingham Prognostic Index in breast cancer patients.
33  adenoma
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
CRC (22 times)
AC (7 times)
CA (6 times)
1986 Evaluation of radionuclide imaging and echography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules.
34  absolute difference
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CC (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Determination of left ventricular mass by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: in vitro validation.
35  acute diarrhea
(52 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
PD (8 times)
ARI (6 times)
EAEC (3 times)
1988 Risk assessment for acquiring meningitis tuberculosis among children not vaccinated with BCG: a case-control study.
36  androst-4-ene-3,17-dione
(51 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
ADD (17 times)
KsdD (5 times)
TS (5 times)
1976 A synergistic effect of androgen on the stimulation of progesterone secretion by FSH in cultured rat granulosa cells.
37  atherogenic dyslipidemia
(51 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
TG (14 times)
HDL-C (12 times)
LDL-C (7 times)
2003 Obesity indices and major components of metabolic syndrome in young adult Arab subjects.
38  affective disorders
(50 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
BD (3 times)
BPAD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1979 'Schizoaffective disorder': dead or alive?
39  actinomycin D
(48 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
CHX (5 times)
CL (4 times)
7-AAD (3 times)
1973 Physiochemical characterization of a neonatal calf diarrhea virus.
40  agar dilution
(48 times)
Microbiology
(21 times)
BMD (23 times)
CA (15 times)
DD (12 times)
1994 Major methodology-dependent discordant susceptibility results for Bacteroides fragilis group isolates but not other anaerobes.
41  Aleutian disease
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
AMDV (15 times)
ADV (10 times)
CIEP (5 times)
1966 Aleutian disease in the ferret.
42  antidepressant drugs
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
MDD (5 times)
5-HT (4 times)
NA (3 times)
1982 Atypical antidepressant drugs - psychopharmacological profile and mechanism of action.
43  active duty
(43 times)
Military Medicine
(25 times)
BMI (4 times)
APFT (3 times)
NG (3 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
44  adult
(43 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
NB (9 times)
CH (5 times)
ML (4 times)
1982 Growth and functional activities of neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes cultured on fibronectin coated substratum in serum-free medium.
45  atherogenic diet
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
ACh (2 times)
GK (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
1982 Effects of experimental atherosclerosis on cerebral blood flow in rabbits. Reversal by sorbinicate.
46  academic detailing
(39 times)
Health Services Research
(10 times)
GPs (3 times)
VA (3 times)
CFIR (2 times)
1998 A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: can they alter compliance with guidelines?
47  aortic diameter
(39 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
AAA (9 times)
AAAs (6 times)
BSA (4 times)
1988 [Physical properties of the aorta and left ventricular geometry evaluated by Doppler echocardiography in normal subjects].
48  adriamycin
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1976 Induction of DNA degradation in vivo by adriamycin.
49  absorbed dose
(35 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(15 times)
CT (4 times)
BED (3 times)
DAP (3 times)
2000 Biomonitoring and whole body cotton dosimetry to estimate potential human dermal exposure to semivolatile chemicals.
50  adenosine deaminase
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
XO (12 times)
MDA (8 times)
NO (7 times)
1986 [Biochemical and functional characteristics of thymus and spleen lymphocytes in C3HA mice during the growth of hepatoma 22 and after immunization with sheep erythrocytes].
51  aggregate data
(34 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
IPD (31 times)
NMA (6 times)
RCTs (6 times)
2005 An overview of methods and empirical comparison of aggregate data and individual patient data results for investigating heterogeneity in meta-analysis of time-to-event outcomes.
52  Asian dust
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
CI (6 times)
PM (5 times)
NAD (4 times)
2003 The effects of Asian Dust on particulate matter fractionation in Seoul, Korea during spring 2001.
53  Asperger's disorder
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
HFA (12 times)
TD (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
2000 Further evidence for a low body weight in male children and adolescents with Asperger's disorder.
54  antenatal depression
(32 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
EPDS (13 times)
AA (3 times)
PD (3 times)
2006 Antenatal depression.
55  approximate digestibility
(32 times)
Zoology
(13 times)
ECD (20 times)
ECI (20 times)
RGR (15 times)
1979 Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.
56  architectural distortion
(32 times)
Radiology
(14 times)
DBT (11 times)
US (5 times)
DDSM (4 times)
2006 A study on the computerized fractal analysis of architectural distortion in screening mammograms.
57  adipose tissue
(31 times)
Cell Biology
(9 times)
BM (18 times)
MSCs (16 times)
UC (8 times)
2004 Restoration of early insulin secretion after a meal in type 2 diabetes: effects on lipid and glucose metabolism.
58  amplitude death
(31 times)
Science
(12 times)
OD (16 times)
OS (3 times)
NTAD (2 times)
2009 Dynamics of chaotic systems with attractive and repulsive couplings.
59  apparent digestibility
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
TD (7 times)
OM (5 times)
DM (4 times)
1981 Digestion in the pig between 7 and 35 d of age. 1. The performance of pigs given milk and soya-bean proteins.
60  amiodarone
(30 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
AECII (2 times)
AIPT (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
1989 Photosensitivity and hyperpigmentation in amiodarone-treated patients: incidence, time course, and recovery.
61  African descent
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
ED (26 times)
BMO (7 times)
ADAGES (5 times)
2008 Sequence variation in the human transcription factor gene POU5F1.
62  anterodorsal
(28 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
AV (17 times)
LD (5 times)
AM (4 times)
1985 [Effect of electric stimulation of cortical portions of the limbic system on the activity of neurons of the anterior thalamic nuclei in the rabbit].
63  asymmetric dihydroxylation
(28 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
AE (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
1997 Total Synthesis of (+)-Aspicilin. The Naked Carbon Skeleton Strategy vs the Bioorganic Approach.
64  abdominal diameter
(27 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
BPD (21 times)
FL (6 times)
AC (3 times)
1980 Ultrasonic diagnosis of intrauterine foetal growth retardation.
65  adiponectin
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
RA (8 times)
CIA (6 times)
IR (5 times)
2006 Adiponectin is a candidate marker of metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents.
66  Alexander disease
(27 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
GFAP (13 times)
MRI (6 times)
AOAD (4 times)
1994 Prominent white matter cavitation in an infant with Alexander's disease.
67  andrographolide
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
ELISA (3 times)
NAD (3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
2011 A potential andrographolide analogue against the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in vero cells.
68  adult-directed
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
ID (25 times)
ASD (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
69  atrial diameter
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PI (7 times)
RI (6 times)
VD (3 times)
1991 Combined effects of nicardipine and hypocapnic alkalosis on cerebral vasomotor activity and intracranial pressure in man.
70  adductor
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SM (10 times)
LD (5 times)
HM (4 times)
1986 The effect of electrical stimulation on the quality of three bovine muscles.
71  active disease
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CD (3 times)
CR (3 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
1995 Membrane-bound/soluble IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) and levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-2, and IL-6 in the serum and in the PBMC culture supernatants from 17 patients with hematological malignancies.
72  adherent
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
NAD (8 times)
RPM (6 times)
MCS (5 times)
1978 Virus-replicating T cells in the immune response of mice. III. Role of vesicular stomatitis virus-replicating T cells in the antibody response.
73  air-drying
(23 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FD (15 times)
VMD (5 times)
OD (4 times)
1999 Photocatalytic Properties of Titania Pillared Clays by Different Drying Methods.
74  anomaly detection
(23 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(7 times)
AUC (2 times)
DL (2 times)
DNNs (2 times)
2015 Hyperspectral Anomaly Detection by Graph Pixel Selection.
75  assistive devices
(23 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADL (2 times)
LV (2 times)
UCA (2 times)
1989 Left ventricular function in patients with centrifugal left ventricular assist device.
76  aerosol deposition
(22 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
AcD (1 time)
Al2O3-PTFE (1 time)
CBRAM (1 time)
2011 High-performance laser mode-locker with glass-hosted SWNTs realized by room-temperature aerosol deposition.
77  amperometric detection
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
CE (3 times)
Cys (2 times)
pCEC (2 times)
1986 Determination of pentachlorophenol in wood samples using liquid chromatography with UV absorbance, amperometric and electron-capture detection.
78  atypical depression
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
MDD (6 times)
BP-II (3 times)
MDE (3 times)
1991 Clinical significance of reversed vegetative subtypes of recurrent major depression.
79  autogenic drainage
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
CF (11 times)
PEP (5 times)
ACBT (4 times)
1990 Autogenic drainage: efficacy of a simplified method.
80  acetabular dysplasia
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
FAI (4 times)
OA (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
2008 Acetabular dysplasia as an aetiological factor in development of hip osteoarthritis.
81  angiodysplasia
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GI (5 times)
VWD (3 times)
APC (2 times)
1984 Small intestinal angiodysplasia in the elderly.
82  arterial duct
(21 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
PA (8 times)
CHD-DPC (4 times)
CHD (3 times)
1990 [Percutaneous balloon exploration and plug closure of arterial duct].
83  autoimmune disorders
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
MDS (4 times)
AChR (2 times)
CMML (2 times)
1993 Human muscle acetylcholine receptor reactive T and B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of patients with myasthenia gravis.
84  ad libitum
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
IF (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1991 Density of steam-flaked sorghum grain, roughage level, and feeding regimen for feedlot steers.
85  anisotropic diffusion
(20 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
ATM (3 times)
SNR (3 times)
US (3 times)
2001 An anisotropic diffusion method for denoising dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images.
86  antioxidant defense
(19 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CAT (7 times)
GSH-Px (6 times)
GR (4 times)
1993 [Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence in patients with pneumoconiosis and dust-induced bronchitis].
87  AD group
(18 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IMH (6 times)
AA (2 times)
FPIES (2 times)
1999 Frontotemporal dementia: An attempt at clinical characteristics.
88  area density
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CD (4 times)
CHD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
1988 Computer-assisted morphometric study of the innervation of the guinea pig heart.
89  adefovir dipivoxil
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HBV (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
SA (2 times)
2005 Adefovir dipivoxil therapy in liver transplant recipients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus.
90  allergic diseases
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AD-A (1 time)
BES (1 time)
2002 Ulcerative colitis, seronegative spondyloarthropathies and allergic diseases: the search for a link.
91  anaerobically digested
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
LS (4 times)
TD (3 times)
WWTP (2 times)
2007 Ethanol production from maize silage as lignocellulosic biomass in anaerobically digested and wet-oxidized manure.
92  arginine deiminase
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ADS (4 times)
CK (4 times)
SAGP (3 times)
1980 The catabolism of arginine by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
93  androgen deficiency
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
TT (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
AMS (2 times)
2005 Adequacy of androgen replacement influences bone density response to testosterone in androgen-deficient men.
94  anti-atopic dermatitis
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DNCB (10 times)
IL (5 times)
IgE (4 times)
2015 A Herbal Formula, Atofreellage, Ameliorates Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions in an NC/Nga Mouse Model.
95  aspirin desensitization
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
AERD (10 times)
ESS (6 times)
CI (2 times)
2013 Aspirin 300 mg/day is effective for treating aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease.
96  autotrophic denitrification
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HD (6 times)
AN (2 times)
BNR (2 times)
2011 Removal of highly elevated nitrate from drinking water by pH-heterogenized heterotrophic denitrification facilitated with ferrous sulfide-based autotrophic denitrification.
97  ablation depth
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
CH (6 times)
CRF (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
2008 Corneal biomechanical measurements before and after laser in situ keratomileusis.
98  adenomyosis
(15 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
HIFU (3 times)
SQOL-F (3 times)
B-PFSF (2 times)
2007 Classifying uterine myoma and adenomyosis based on ultrasound image fractal and texture features.
99  adipose-derived
(15 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
MSCs (9 times)
BM (6 times)
OA (3 times)
2011 Guided bone regeneration in pig calvarial bone defects using autologous mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells - a comparison of different tissue sources.
100  abuse-deterrent
(14 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
ER (11 times)
HME (3 times)
IR (3 times)
2014 Formulation optimization of hot-melt extruded abuse deterrent pellet dosage form utilizing design of experiments.