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Abbreviation: AD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Alzheimer's disease
(70402 times)
Neurology
(29656 times)
MCI (5167 times)
APP (3803 times)
CSF (3014 times)
1975 Analysis of intellectual and cognitive performance in patients with multi-infarct dementia, vertebrobasilar insufficiency with dementia, and Alzheimer's disease.
atopic dermatitis
(7670 times)
Dermatology
(2976 times)
IL (432 times)
SCORAD (379 times)
IgE (229 times)
1975 Atopic disease and serum immunoglobulin-E.
anaerobic digestion
(1274 times)
Environmental Health
(631 times)
VS (74 times)
FW (64 times)
VFAs (60 times)
2001 New perspectives in anaerobic digestion.
alcohol dependence
(637 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(288 times)
PTSD (48 times)
SNPs (44 times)
GWAS (27 times)
1988 Alcoholism by Chinese diagnostic interview schedule: a prevalence and validity study.
axial diffusivity
(571 times)
Neurology
(166 times)
FA (495 times)
RD (486 times)
DTI (365 times)
2009 Assessing the effects of age on long white matter tracts using diffusion tensor tractography.
aortic dissection
(519 times)
Cardiology
(140 times)
IMH (48 times)
CT (32 times)
TEVAR (27 times)
1982 Computed tomography versus aortography in diagnosis of aortic dissection.
autosomal dominant
(364 times)
Genetics, Medical
(83 times)
AR (172 times)
RP (23 times)
HSP (20 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
antidepressant
(309 times)
Psychiatry
(116 times)
MDD (42 times)
SSRIs (22 times)
TRD (21 times)
1983 Reserpine-induced locomotor stimulation in mice chronically treated with typical and atypical antidepressants.
afterdischarge
(232 times)
Neurology
(132 times)
AM (13 times)
GABA (7 times)
GST (7 times)
1975 Post-activation potentiation and the kindling phenomenon.
10  androstenedione
(223 times)
Biochemistry
(64 times)
ADD (35 times)
DHEA (28 times)
DHT (15 times)
1976 A method for tissue extraction and determination of prostate concentrations of endogenous androgens by radioimmunoassay.
11  advance directive
(221 times)
Nursing
(37 times)
ACP (73 times)
EOL (23 times)
OR (10 times)
1992 The oncology nurse's role in patient advance directives.
12  adenocarcinoma
(206 times)
Neoplasms
(113 times)
NSCLC (70 times)
SCC (61 times)
SQ (50 times)
1981 Chemotherapy for inoperable, non-small cell bronchogenic carcinoma: EST 2575, generation II.
13  anxiety disorders
(194 times)
Psychiatry
(82 times)
MDD (29 times)
GAD (17 times)
OCD (16 times)
1989 Differential rates of urinary noradrenalin excretion in affective disorders: utility of a short time sampling procedure.
14  autonomic dysreflexia
(194 times)
Neurology
(106 times)
SCI (137 times)
BP (28 times)
SBP (15 times)
1980 Incidence and clinical features of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury.
15  adrenaline
(188 times)
Pharmacology
(44 times)
NA (112 times)
DA (42 times)
CA (12 times)
1976 The electrogenesis of adrenaline-hyperpolarization of sympathetic ganglion cells in bullfrogs.
16  autistic disorder
(157 times)
Psychiatry
(68 times)
AsD (23 times)
PDD-NOS (21 times)
TD (9 times)
1989 A five-year follow-up of preschool children diagnosed as having an atypical pervasive developmental disorder.
17  autoimmune disease
(147 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(36 times)
SLE (20 times)
RA (17 times)
HSCT (11 times)
1986 Placental lesions in maternal autoimmune diseases.
18  Addison's disease
(124 times)
Endocrinology
(69 times)
T1DM (15 times)
T1D (11 times)
APS (8 times)
1976 Spastic paraplegia associated with Addison's disease: adult variant of adreno-leukodystrophy.
19  androgen deprivation
(107 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
PSA (28 times)
RT (28 times)
EBRT (15 times)
1997 PSA levels and the rate of positive surgical margins in radical prostatectomy specimens preceded by androgen blockade in clinical B2 (T2bNxMo) prostate cancer. The Lupron Depot Neoadjuvant Study Group.
20  activation domain
(91 times)
Molecular Biology
(30 times)
BD (12 times)
DBD (11 times)
LBD (4 times)
1993 Mouse monoclonal antibodies recognizing the activation domain of HIV-1 rev transactivator.
21  applicability domain
(91 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
QSAR (28 times)
MLR (11 times)
QSPR (11 times)
2005 Statistically validated QSARs, based on theoretical descriptors, for modeling aquatic toxicity of organic chemicals in Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow).
22  acute decompensation
(83 times)
Gastroenterology
(50 times)
ACLF (63 times)
MELD (7 times)
HBV (6 times)
2013 Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis.
23  anterior deltoid
(82 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
EMG (21 times)
PM (21 times)
UT (21 times)
1987 Effects of arm acceleration and behavioral conditions on the organization of postural adjustments during arm flexion.
24  adenosine
(78 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ATP (9 times)
BF (9 times)
ADA (7 times)
1967 [Influence of adenosine (AD) and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT) on growth and porphyrin synthesis from delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in Achromobacter metalcaligenes].
25  Aujeszky's disease
(78 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(63 times)
ADV (17 times)
PRV (12 times)
VN (6 times)
1978 Immunological experimental arthritis in pigs. III. Inflammatory reactions in the brain of pigs immunized with the attenuated virus of Aujeszky's disease.
26  aortic distensibility
(73 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
AS (17 times)
ASI (13 times)
LV (10 times)
1996 Evaluation of aortic distensibility in patients with coronary artery disease by use of cine magnetic resonance.
27  adjustment disorder
(68 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
PTSD (10 times)
MDD (7 times)
PPD (4 times)
1987 Adjustment disorder as a marginal or transitional illness category in DSM-III.
28  androgen-dependent
(68 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
AI (53 times)
AR (16 times)
PCa (14 times)
1990 Loss of androgen dependence is associated with an increase in tumorigenic stem cells and resistance to cell-death genes.
29  autonomic dysfunction
(67 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
HRV (14 times)
HR (9 times)
HRR (8 times)
1992 Autonomic dysfunction in systemic sclerosis: sympathetic overactivity and instability.
30  acute diverticulitis
(65 times)
Gastroenterology
(27 times)
CAD (5 times)
CT (5 times)
DD (5 times)
1999 Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for acute and chronic diverticulitis. An outcomes comparison with laparoscopic resection for nondiverticular disease.
31  anoxic depolarization
(63 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
OGD (13 times)
SD (10 times)
fEPSPs (4 times)
1991 Depolarizing effects of anoxia on pyramidal cells of rat neocortex.
32  axillary dissection
(54 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
SLNB (12 times)
SNB (12 times)
SN (8 times)
2001 The effect of sentinel lymph node biopsy on the Nottingham Prognostic Index in breast cancer patients.
33  absolute difference
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CC (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Determination of left ventricular mass by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: in vitro validation.
34  adenoma
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
CRC (18 times)
AC (6 times)
CA (6 times)
1986 Evaluation of radionuclide imaging and echography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules.
35  acute diarrhea
(49 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
PD (8 times)
ARI (6 times)
EAEC (3 times)
1988 Risk assessment for acquiring meningitis tuberculosis among children not vaccinated with BCG: a case-control study.
36  Alzheimer's disease dementia
(49 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
MCI (14 times)
DLB (7 times)
aMCI (4 times)
1997 Caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease: some neglected implications of the experience of personal loss and grief.
37  actinomycin D
(48 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
CHX (5 times)
CL (4 times)
7-AAD (3 times)
1973 Physiochemical characterization of a neonatal calf diarrhea virus.
38  androst-4-ene-3,17-dione
(47 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
ADD (15 times)
KsdD (5 times)
TS (5 times)
1976 A synergistic effect of androgen on the stimulation of progesterone secretion by FSH in cultured rat granulosa cells.
39  affective disorders
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
BD (3 times)
BPAD (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1979 'Schizoaffective disorder': dead or alive?
40  atherogenic dyslipidemia
(44 times)
Metabolism
(9 times)
TG (13 times)
HDL-C (11 times)
LDL (6 times)
2003 Obesity indices and major components of metabolic syndrome in young adult Arab subjects.
41  adult
(42 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
NB (9 times)
Ch (5 times)
ML (4 times)
1982 Growth and functional activities of neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes cultured on fibronectin coated substratum in serum-free medium.
42  Aleutian disease
(41 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
AMDV (11 times)
ADV (10 times)
CIEP (4 times)
1966 Aleutian disease in the ferret.
43  agar dilution
(40 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
BMD (19 times)
CA (12 times)
DD (11 times)
1994 Major methodology-dependent discordant susceptibility results for Bacteroides fragilis group isolates but not other anaerobes.
44  antidepressant drugs
(40 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
5-HT (4 times)
MDD (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1982 Atypical antidepressant drugs - psychopharmacological profile and mechanism of action.
45  atherogenic diet
(39 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
ACh (2 times)
GK (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
1982 Effects of experimental atherosclerosis on cerebral blood flow in rabbits. Reversal by sorbinicate.
46  active duty
(37 times)
Military Medicine
(23 times)
BMI (4 times)
NG (3 times)
APFT (2 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
47  adriamycin
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1976 Induction of DNA degradation in vivo by adriamycin.
48  aortic diameter
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
AAA (9 times)
AAAs (6 times)
AP (3 times)
1988 [Physical properties of the aorta and left ventricular geometry evaluated by Doppler echocardiography in normal subjects].
49  adenosine deaminase
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
XO (12 times)
MDA (8 times)
NO (7 times)
1986 [Biochemical and functional characteristics of thymus and spleen lymphocytes in C3HA mice during the growth of hepatoma 22 and after immunization with sheep erythrocytes].
50  Asian dust
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
CI (6 times)
PM (5 times)
NAD (4 times)
2003 The effects of Asian Dust on particulate matter fractionation in Seoul, Korea during spring 2001.
51  Asperger's disorder
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
HFA (12 times)
TD (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
2000 Further evidence for a low body weight in male children and adolescents with Asperger's disorder.
52  academic detailing
(33 times)
Health Services Research
(9 times)
GPs (3 times)
CFIR (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
1998 A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: can they alter compliance with guidelines?
53  approximate digestibility
(31 times)
Zoology
(13 times)
ECD (19 times)
ECI (19 times)
RGR (14 times)
1979 Suitability, digestibility and assimilation of various host plants of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L.
54  absorbed dose
(30 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
3D-RD (2 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BED (2 times)
2000 Biomonitoring and whole body cotton dosimetry to estimate potential human dermal exposure to semivolatile chemicals.
55  adipose tissue
(29 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
BM (17 times)
MSCs (15 times)
UC (7 times)
2004 Restoration of early insulin secretion after a meal in type 2 diabetes: effects on lipid and glucose metabolism.
56  amiodarone
(29 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
AECII (2 times)
AIPT (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
1989 Photosensitivity and hyperpigmentation in amiodarone-treated patients: incidence, time course, and recovery.
57  apparent digestibility
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
TD (7 times)
OM (5 times)
DM (3 times)
1981 Digestion in the pig between 7 and 35 d of age. 1. The performance of pigs given milk and soya-bean proteins.
58  aggregate data
(28 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
IPD (25 times)
NMA (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
2005 An overview of methods and empirical comparison of aggregate data and individual patient data results for investigating heterogeneity in meta-analysis of time-to-event outcomes.
59  amplitude death
(28 times)
Science
(11 times)
OD (16 times)
OS (3 times)
NTAD (2 times)
2009 Dynamics of chaotic systems with attractive and repulsive couplings.
60  abdominal diameter
(27 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
BPD (21 times)
FL (6 times)
AC (3 times)
1980 Ultrasonic diagnosis of intrauterine foetal growth retardation.
61  adiponectin
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
RA (8 times)
CIA (6 times)
IR (5 times)
2006 Adiponectin is a candidate marker of metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents.
62  African descent
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
ED (25 times)
BMO (7 times)
ADAGES (5 times)
2008 Sequence variation in the human transcription factor gene POU5F1.
63  anterodorsal
(27 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
AV (17 times)
LD (5 times)
AM (4 times)
1985 [Effect of electric stimulation of cortical portions of the limbic system on the activity of neurons of the anterior thalamic nuclei in the rabbit].
64  asymmetric dihydroxylation
(27 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
AE (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
1997 Total Synthesis of (+)-Aspicilin. The Naked Carbon Skeleton Strategy vs the Bioorganic Approach.
65  Alexander disease
(26 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
GFAP (12 times)
MRI (6 times)
AOAD (3 times)
1994 Prominent white matter cavitation in an infant with Alexander's disease.
66  adult-directed
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
ID (25 times)
ASD (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
67  antenatal depression
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
EPDS (9 times)
AA (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
2006 Antenatal depression.
68  adherent
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
NAD (8 times)
RPM (6 times)
MCS (5 times)
1978 Virus-replicating T cells in the immune response of mice. III. Role of vesicular stomatitis virus-replicating T cells in the antibody response.
69  architectural distortion
(23 times)
Radiology
(12 times)
DBT (8 times)
US (5 times)
DDSM (4 times)
2006 A study on the computerized fractal analysis of architectural distortion in screening mammograms.
70  assistive devices
(23 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADL (2 times)
LV (2 times)
UCA (2 times)
1989 Left ventricular function in patients with centrifugal left ventricular assist device.
71  adductor
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SM (10 times)
LD (5 times)
BF (3 times)
1986 The effect of electrical stimulation on the quality of three bovine muscles.
72  amperometric detection
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
CE (3 times)
Cys (2 times)
pCEC (2 times)
1986 Determination of pentachlorophenol in wood samples using liquid chromatography with UV absorbance, amperometric and electron-capture detection.
73  active disease
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CD (3 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1995 Membrane-bound/soluble IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) and levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-2, and IL-6 in the serum and in the PBMC culture supernatants from 17 patients with hematological malignancies.
74  aerosol deposition
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
AcD (1 time)
Al2O3-PTFE (1 time)
CBRAM (1 time)
2011 High-performance laser mode-locker with glass-hosted SWNTs realized by room-temperature aerosol deposition.
75  arterial duct
(21 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
PA (8 times)
CHD-DPC (4 times)
CHD (3 times)
1990 [Percutaneous balloon exploration and plug closure of arterial duct].
76  atypical depression
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
MDD (5 times)
BP-II (3 times)
MDE (3 times)
1991 Clinical significance of reversed vegetative subtypes of recurrent major depression.
77  ad libitum
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
IF (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1991 Density of steam-flaked sorghum grain, roughage level, and feeding regimen for feedlot steers.
78  air drying
(20 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FD (13 times)
VMD (5 times)
SD (3 times)
1999 Photocatalytic Properties of Titania Pillared Clays by Different Drying Methods.
79  angiodysplasia
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GI (4 times)
VWD (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
1984 Small intestinal angiodysplasia in the elderly.
80  arterial diameter
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PI (7 times)
RI (6 times)
AVF (2 times)
1991 Combined effects of nicardipine and hypocapnic alkalosis on cerebral vasomotor activity and intracranial pressure in man.
81  autogenic drainage
(20 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
CF (11 times)
PEP (5 times)
ACBT (4 times)
1990 Autogenic drainage: efficacy of a simplified method.
82  acetabular dysplasia
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
FAI (4 times)
OA (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
2008 Acetabular dysplasia as an aetiological factor in development of hip osteoarthritis.
83  anisotropic diffusion
(19 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
ATM (3 times)
US (3 times)
LSC (2 times)
2001 An anisotropic diffusion method for denoising dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images.
84  antioxidant defense
(19 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CAT (7 times)
GSH-Px (6 times)
GR (4 times)
1993 [Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence in patients with pneumoconiosis and dust-induced bronchitis].
85  andrographolide
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
NAD (2 times)
2011 A potential andrographolide analogue against the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 in vero cells.
86  autoimmune disorders
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
MDS (3 times)
CMML (2 times)
HPV (2 times)
1993 Human muscle acetylcholine receptor reactive T and B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of patients with myasthenia gravis.
87  adefovir dipivoxil
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HBV (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
SA (2 times)
2005 Adefovir dipivoxil therapy in liver transplant recipients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus.
88  arginine deiminase
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ADS (4 times)
CK (4 times)
SAGP (3 times)
1980 The catabolism of arginine by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
89  anaerobically digested
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
LS (4 times)
TD (3 times)
WWTP (2 times)
2007 Ethanol production from maize silage as lignocellulosic biomass in anaerobically digested and wet-oxidized manure.
90  analog-digital
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
APs (2 times)
d-ADF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1972 Automatic character reading using a holographic data processing technique.
91  androgen deficiency
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
TT (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
AMS (2 times)
2005 Adequacy of androgen replacement influences bone density response to testosterone in androgen-deficient men.
92  allergic diseases
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AD-A (1 time)
BES (1 time)
2002 Ulcerative colitis, seronegative spondyloarthropathies and allergic diseases: the search for a link.
93  area density
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CD (4 times)
CHD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
1988 Computer-assisted morphometric study of the innervation of the guinea pig heart.
94  aspirin desensitization
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AERD (10 times)
ESS (5 times)
CI (2 times)
2013 Aspirin 300 mg/day is effective for treating aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease.
95  abuse-deterrent
(14 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
ER (11 times)
HME (3 times)
IR (3 times)
2014 Formulation optimization of hot-melt extruded abuse deterrent pellet dosage form utilizing design of experiments.
96  AD group
(14 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IMH (6 times)
AA (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1999 Frontotemporal dementia: An attempt at clinical characteristics.
97  anomaly detection
(14 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
AUC (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AR loss (1 time)
2015 Hyperspectral Anomaly Detection by Graph Pixel Selection.
98  associate degree
(14 times)
Nursing
(10 times)
AIs (1 time)
BS (1 time)
DDPN (1 time)
1975 [AD (associate degree) challenge exams: 2 approaches. I. Testing knowledge and skills. II. A 4-part examination].
99  autotrophic denitrification
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
HD (5 times)
AN (2 times)
BNR (2 times)
2011 Removal of highly elevated nitrate from drinking water by pH-heterogenized heterotrophic denitrification facilitated with ferrous sulfide-based autotrophic denitrification.
100  ablation depth
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CH (6 times)
CRF (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
2008 Corneal biomechanical measurements before and after laser in situ keratomileusis.