A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : ADR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : ADR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: ADR
Appearance Frequency: 4239 time(s)
Long forms: 260

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
adriamycin
(1483 times)
Neoplasms
(488 times)
MDR (120 times)
P-gp (69 times)
VCR (63 times)
1974 Electrolyte and morphologic alterations of myocardium in adriamycin-treated rabbits.
adverse drug reaction
(1424 times)
Pharmacology
(290 times)
CI (41 times)
ROR (32 times)
OR (26 times)
1976 The frequency of adverse drug reactions as dependent upon age, sex and duration of hospitalization.
adenoma detection rate
(560 times)
Gastroenterology
(322 times)
PDR (106 times)
CI (75 times)
CRC (70 times)
2006 Development of a video assessment scoring method to determine the accuracy of endoscopist performance at screening flexible sigmoidoscopy.
adrenaline
(142 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
NA (62 times)
DA (18 times)
ISO (14 times)
1975 The effect of cocaine on the responses of the differently innervated laryngeal and bronchial ends of the guinea pig trachea in vitro to clinically used bronchodilators.
artificial disc replacement
(51 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
ACDF (11 times)
ROM (10 times)
NDI (8 times)
1999 Artificial disc replacement with the modular type SB Charite III: 2-year results in 50 prospectively studied patients.
acquired drug resistance
(41 times)
Communicable Diseases
(12 times)
ART (11 times)
TDR (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1998 Origin and management of primary and acquired drug-resistant tuberculosis in The Netherlands: the truth behind the rates.
anticancer drug adriamycin
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
4'-DOX (2 times)
CMC (2 times)
DNM (2 times)
1982 Cytofluorescence evidence of adriamycin in liver.
adrenergic receptor
(27 times)
Brain
(4 times)
IOP (3 times)
NTG (3 times)
GRL (2 times)
1989 Localization of glycine and beta-adrenergic receptors in the rat brain.
alternative dispute resolution
(26 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
NRC (2 times)
OI (2 times)
ADR Act (1 time)
1992 Use of alternative dispute resolution--HHS. Notice of interim policy.
10  adverse reactions
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ADRs (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1989 [Oral contraceptives: undesirable effects in internal medicine].
11  antegrade dissection and re-entry
(21 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
CTO (16 times)
PCI (12 times)
RDR (5 times)
2015 Cardiac tamponade arising from a venous source following anterograde dissection re-entry coronary angioplasty to a chronic total occlusion.
12  acetabular depth-width ratio
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
LCEA (6 times)
CEA (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2013 Radiographic measurements of hip dysplasia at skeletal maturity--new reference intervals based on 2,038 19-year-old Norwegians.
13  alpha-to-delta ratio
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CBV (4 times)
ECoG (4 times)
qEEG (4 times)
2010 Intracortical EEG for the detection of vasospasm in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage.
14  acetabular depth ratio
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CE (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
AA (2 times)
2005 Hip dysplasia and osteoarthrosis: a survey of 4151 subjects from the Osteoarthrosis Substudy of the Copenhagen City Heart Study.
15  Angelicae dahuricae Radix
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
NNM (2 times)
SMR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2005 [Use of FTIR and pattern recognition to determine geographical origins of Chinese medical herbs].
16  activator of DNA replication
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PHA (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1986 Impaired nuclear responsiveness to cytoplasmic signals in lymphocytes from elderly humans with depressed proliferative responses.
17  adriamycin nephropathy
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CKD (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
AOPPs (1 time)
2000 Immunomorphometric studies of proteinuria in individual deep and superficial nephrons of rats.
18  arrested development of righting response
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CLCN1 (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
1984 Calcium-binding protein, parvalbumin, is reduced in mutant mammalian muscle with abnormal contractile properties.
19  adaptive data rate
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
IoT (3 times)
LoRaWAN (2 times)
LPWAN (2 times)
2020 A Survey on Adaptive Data Rate Optimization in LoRaWAN: Recent Solutions and Major Challenges.
20  Adr resistance to adriamycin
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DNA-PKcs (1 time)
FA/BRCA (1 time)
GST (1 time)
1987 Effect of verapamil on in vitro cytotoxicity of adriamycin and vinblastine in human tumor cells.
21  adriamycin-resistant
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MDR (2 times)
AML (1 time)
beta1, 4-Gal-T1 (1 time)
2007 The nucleoside analog sangivamycin induces apoptotic cell death in breast carcinoma MCF7/adriamycin-resistant cells via protein kinase Cdelta and JNK activation.
22  antimalarial drug resistance
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
AN (1 time)
AS-PCR (1 time)
2011 Antiretroviral drug resistance in a respondent-driven sample of HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Brazil.
23  beta3-adrenergic receptor
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
2000 Interactions among the alpha2-, beta2-, and beta3-adrenergic receptor genes and obesity-related phenotypes in the Quebec Family Study.
24  abnormality detection rate
(4 times)
Cytogenetics
(1 time)
POC (3 times)
aCGH (2 times)
FISH (2 times)
2016 Spectrum of Cytogenomic Abnormalities Revealed by Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization on Products of Conception Culture Failure and Normal Karyotype Samples.
25  absorbed dose rate
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AEDR (3 times)
ER (2 times)
AAI (1 time)
2014 Environmental hazards and distribution of radioactive black sand along the Rosetta coastal zone in Egypt using airborne spectrometric and remote sensing data.
26  additional detection rate
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CIs (3 times)
NBI (2 times)
NMIBC (2 times)
2017 A meta-analysis of narrow band imaging for the diagnosis and therapeutic outcome of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.
27  adriblastine
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
BCD (1 time)
CDFS (1 time)
1985 [Results of the COSS-77 and COSS-80 studies on adjuvant chemotherapy in osteosarcoma of the extremities].
28  adropin
(4 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CON (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2013 Expression of adropin in rat brain, cerebellum, kidneys, heart, liver, and pancreas in streptozotocin-induced diabetes.
29  advection-dispersion-reaction
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AGR (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
GJ (1 time)
2009 A new methodology for determining dispersion coefficient using ordinary and partial differential transport equations.
30  adverse reaction
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BCPNN (1 time)
DDI (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2005 [Current status and development of monitoring on adverse reaction of traditional Chinese medicine in China].
31  age-adjusted death rates
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IHD (1 time)
LEB (1 time)
MFP (1 time)
2003 Stroke and ischemic heart disease mortality trends in Brazil from 1979 to 1996.
32  airway deposition ratio
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ALDR (4 times)
ACE (2 times)
ARR (2 times)
1985 Estimation of alveolar deposition ratio of inhaled radioaerosol.
33  adenoregulin
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
2005 Expression and purification of antimicrobial peptide adenoregulin with C-amidated terminus in Escherichia coli.
34  adriamycin-induced
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
MDA+4HNE (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2008 alpha-Tocopherol, MDA-HNE and 8-OHdG levels in liver and heart mitochondria of adriamycin-treated rats fed with alcohol-free beer.
35  airway diameter ratio
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACV (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2016 Simulation Model of Microsphere Distribution for Selective Internal Radiation Therapy Agrees With Observations.
36  all-directions-rewarded
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
TANs (1 time)
2001 Role of tonically active neurons in primate caudate in reward-oriented saccadic eye movement.
37  anaerobic digestion residue
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Comparison of bacterial community structure and dynamics during the thermophilic composting of different types of solid wastes: anaerobic digestion residue, pig manure and chicken manure.
38  antidepressant response
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
2005 Initial conditions of psychotropic drug response: studies of serotonin transporter long promoter region (5-HTTLPR), serotonin transporter efficiency, cytokine and kinase gene expression relevant to depression and antidepressant outcome.
39  antimicrobial drug residues
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FFA (2 times)
FPD (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
2010 Process audits versus product quality monitoring of bulk milk.
40  antineoplastic drug adriamycin
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LDH (2 times)
alpha-HBDH (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1998 Antitumor efficacy of the combination of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy in murine tumors.
41  auditory deviance response
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MMN (2 times)
RON (2 times)
AVHs (1 time)
2014 Cortical substrates and functional correlates of auditory deviance processing deficits in schizophrenia.
42  Autonomic dysreflexia
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
SCI (2 times)
TSCI (1 time)
2003 Obstetric management of the patient with spinal cord injury.
43  accelerometer-derived respiration
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ECG (2 times)
PET (1 time)
SCG (1 time)
2014 Accelerometer-Based Method for Extracting Respiratory and Cardiac Gating Information for Dual Gating during Nuclear Medicine Imaging.
44  acquired
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
TDR (2 times)
cART (1 time)
2014 Estimating trends in the proportion of transmitted and acquired HIV drug resistance in a long term observational cohort in Germany.
45  acquired DR
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EFV (1 time)
HIVDR (1 time)
2002 Drug-resistant tuberculosis in a tertiary referral teaching hospital of Korea.
46  action design research
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
mHealth (1 time)
2020 The Tango of Problem Formulation: A Patient's/Researcher's Reflection on an Action Design Research Journey.
47  active disturbance rejection
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DR-PID (1 time)
GSN (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2013 Assessment of gait sensitivity norm as a predictor of risk of falling during walking in a neuromusculoskeletal model.
48  Acute dacryocystic retention
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CT scan (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2021 Acute dacryocystitis retention syndrome due to Epstein-Barr virus.
49  acute drugs reactions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASCT (1 time)
TRM (1 time)
2017 Deaths from acute drug reactions in Galician (Spain) Prisons (2001-2010).
50  acute dystonic reactions
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Novel antipsychotics and acute dystonic reactions.
51  adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator
(2 times)
Cold Temperature
(1 time)
JT (2 times)
SXS (1 time)
2017 Operating Modes and Cooling Capabilities of the 3-Stage ADR Developed for the Soft-X-ray Spectrometer Instrument on Astro-H.
52  administrative database research
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
2010 Derivation and validation of a MEDLINE search strategy for research studies that use administrative data.
53  ADR killing of the HL-60 and HL-60
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Targeting SLUG sensitizes leukemia cells to ADR-induced apoptosis.
54  ADR@-4368
(2 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2018 Interface Bond Improvement of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Polylactide Composites with Added Epoxy Oligomer.
55  adrenalectomized
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
1989 Glomerular and vascular atrial natriuretic factor receptors in adrenalectomized rats.
56  adrenergic
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1976 Effect of adrenergic agents and their mode of action on mucociliary clearance in man.
57  adrenocortical tumors
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
GEP (1 time)
LFS (1 time)
2007 Developing effective screening strategies in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) on the basis of clinical and sequencing data of German patients with MEN 1.
58  adriamycin hydrochloride
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
THP (2 times)
1985 Fluorescence in sections of cardiac muscle from rats acutely treated with 4'-0-tetrahydropyranil-adriamycin hydrochloride (THP).
59  Adriamycin-induced nephropathy
(2 times)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
FPE (1 time)
FSGS (1 time)
2006 Diversities of podocyte molecular changes induced by different antiproteinuria drugs.
60  advection-diffusion-reaction
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
slow (1 time)
2015 Transport dissipative particle dynamics model for mesoscopic advection-diffusion-reaction problems.
61  adverse reaction rate
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CIV (1 time)
2018 [Post-marketing study on clinical safety of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection in 6 300 patients with ischemic stroke].
62  age-standardized death rates
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CDR (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 [Trends in mortality from intractable diseases in Japan, 1972-2004].
63  allergic drug reactions
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2007 Differential cytokine and transcription factor expression in patients with allergic reactions to drugs.
64  androsterone
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EADR (2 times)
5 alpha-DHT (1 time)
ADD (1 time)
2011 Trace analysis of 28 steroids in surface water, wastewater and sludge samples by rapid resolution liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
65  ANTHER DEHISCENCE REPRESSOR
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2019 The Gene ANTHER DEHISCENCE REPRESSOR (ADR) Controls Male Fertility by Suppressing the ROS Accumulation and Anther Cell Wall Thickening in Arabidopsis.
66  anthracycline derivatives: Adriamycin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
THP-ADR (1 time)
1985 [Recent pharmacotoxicologic and clinical findings on adriamycin].
67  anticancer drugs, including Adriamycin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Apo-2L (1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
sApo-2L (1 time)
1997 Expression and intracellular localization of heat shock proteins in multidrug resistance of a cisplatin resistant human ovarian cancer cell line.
68  antidrug resistance
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2021 Antidrug resistance in the Indian ambient waters of Ahmedabad during the COVID-19 pandemic.
69  apparent dissolution rate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
rel (1 time)
VDAD (1 time)
2011 Volume to dissolve applied dose (VDAD) and apparent dissolution rate (ADR): tools to predict in vivo bioavailability from orally applied drug suspensions.
70  aprotinin-binding protein
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1993 Characteristics of DNA replication in isolated nuclei initiated by an aprotinin-binding protein.
71  area difference ratio
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
PPG (2 times)
DI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2018 Measurement of area difference ratio of Photoplethysmographic pulse wave in patients with pre-eclampsia.
72  arginine deprivation response
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
MAPK2 (1 time)
2019 The arginine sensing and transport binding sites are distinct in the human pathogen Leishmania.
73  artificial lumbar disc replacement
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HO (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2006 [The risk factors and preventive strategies of heterotopic ossification after artificial disc replacement in lumbar spine].
74  asthma discharge rates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AEVR (1 time)
USEPA (1 time)
2014 A GIS based approach for assessing the association between air pollution and asthma in New York State, USA.
75  average dose rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DADR (2 times)
DTDR (2 times)
OAR (2 times)
2021 Quantitative Assessment of 3D Dose Rate for Proton Pencil Beam Scanning FLASH Radiotherapy and Its Application for Lung Hypofractionation Treatment Planning.
76  axenic dietary restriction
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CBP (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
2014 Mitochondrial efficiency is increased in axenically cultured Caenorhabditis elegans.
77  copolymer-adriamycin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HPMA (2 times)
EBV (1 time)
NP (1 time)
1998 HPMA copolymer bound adriamycin overcomes MDR1 gene encoded resistance in a human ovarian carcinoma cell line.
78  N-alkyl derivatives of Adriamycin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 1985 Effects of new N-alkyl analogues of adriamycin on in vitro survival and cell cycle progression of L1210 cells.
79  1-acyldihydroxyacetone-phosphate reductase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ayr1p (1 time)
2000 1-Acyldihydroxyacetone-phosphate reductase (Ayr1p) of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoded by the open reading frame YIL124w is a major component of lipid particles.
80  1B-adrenoceptor
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SM (1 time)
SMCs (1 time)
1997 Transfection with c-Ha rasEJ modulates alpha-actin and alpha 1B-adrenoceptor gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells.
81  5-amino-5-deoxyribofuranose
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GlyU (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
UMP (1 time)
2018 Enzymatic Synthesis of the Ribosylated Glycyl-Uridine Disaccharide Core of Peptidyl Nucleoside Antibiotics.
82  absence of DR
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
NPDR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2019 Allelic variations in genes belonging to glutathione system increase proliferative retinopathy risk in type 1 diabetes individuals.
83  absolute distal reabsorption
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
1979 Peritubular capillary control of proximal tubule reabsorption in the rat.
84  absolute dose reduction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
1986 The combined effect of bleomycin and irradiation on mouse lip mucosa. 2. Influence on the accumulation and repair of sublethal damage during fractionated irradiation.
85  Acceleration Derived Respiratory signal
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2012 Validation of respiratory signal derived from suprasternal notch acceleration for sleep apnea detection.
86  Accelerometry-Derived Respiratory index
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
PSG (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
2021 Accelerometry-derived respiratory index estimating apnea-hypopnea index for sleep apnea screening.
87  Acceptance/Discharge Report for the rehabilitation area
(1 time)
--- 2020 Data of patients undergoing rehabilitation programs.
88  accumulation, distribution, and retention
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
C' dots (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
Das-NDCs (1 time)
2019 Ultrasmall Core-Shell Silica Nanoparticles for Precision Drug Delivery in a High-Grade Malignant Brain Tumor Model.
89  acellular dermal replacement
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Use of acellular dermal replacement in reconstruction of nonhealing lower extremity wounds.
90  AcH disappearance rate
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AcH (1 time)
1994 Acetaldehyde metabolism: differences between UChA and UChB rats.
91  acquired drug resistance mutation
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
RT (1 time)
TDR (1 time)
2017 Drug resistance mutation profiles of the drug-naive and first-line regimen-treated HIV-1-infected population of Suzhou, China.
92  acquired resistance
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2000 Acquired anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Yaounde, Cameroon.
93  acquired resistance to doxorubicin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
eIF2alpha (1 time)
GADD34 (1 time)
2016 Salubrinal-Mediated Upregulation of eIF2alpha Phosphorylation Increases Doxorubicin Sensitivity in MCF-7/ADR Cells.
94  activatable duplex reporter
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CI-AKI (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
NIRF (1 time)
2019 A Renal-Clearable Duplex Optical Reporter for Real-Time Imaging of Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury.
95  Active Data Representation
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ML (1 time)
2021 Temporal Integration of Text Transcripts and Acoustic Features for Alzheimer's Diagnosis Based on Spontaneous Speech.
96  active defensive reflex
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1977 [Dynamics of elaboration of an active defensive reflex after combined section of the visual tract and different commissural systems].
97  Acute diaphragmatic rupture
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2007 Blunt diaphragmatic rupture: four year's experience.
98  acute dip response
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
2000 Protein kinase C regulates the flow rate-dependent decline in human nasal ciliary beat frequency in vitro.
99  acute downhill running
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACtrl (1 time)
AUR (1 time)
AWI (1 time)
2018 A comparative study on the effects of acute and chronic downhill running vs uphill running exercise on the RNA levels of the skeletal muscles PGC1-alpha, FNDC5 and the adipose UCP1 in BALB/c mice.
100  acute respiratory diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Live enteroviral vaccines for the emergency nonspecific prevention of mass respiratory diseases during fall-winter epidemics of influenza and acute respiratory diseases].