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Abbreviation: AF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
atrial fibrillation
(30234 times)
Cardiology
(15672 times)
CI (2570 times)
LA (2111 times)
HR (1683 times)
1975 Tachyarrhythmias in acute myocardial infarction.
amniotic fluid
(1211 times)
Obstetrics
(416 times)
IAI (54 times)
PTL (46 times)
IL (44 times)
1975 The present status of prenatal detection of neural tube defects.
annulus fibrosus
(763 times)
Orthopedics
(223 times)
NP (412 times)
IVD (328 times)
ECM (53 times)
1975 The composition and protein metabolism in the immature rabbit intervertebral disc.
autofluorescence
(516 times)
Ophthalmology
(219 times)
RPE (60 times)
OCT (58 times)
AGEs (47 times)
1982 Autofluorescence as an index of ageing in human fibroblasts in culture.
aflatoxin
(370 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(93 times)
AFB1 (36 times)
OTA (32 times)
DON (25 times)
1976 Metabolism of aflatoxin B1 to aflatoxins Q1, M1 and P1 by mouse and rat.
antiferromagnetic
(229 times)
Chemistry
(63 times)
FM (34 times)
SC (16 times)
DFT (10 times)
1997 Evolution of magnetic and superconducting fluctuations with doping of high-Tc superconductors
arcuate fasciculus
(214 times)
Neurology
(61 times)
FA (64 times)
DTI (61 times)
ILF (33 times)
2006 Potential of diffusion tensor MRI in the assessment of periventricular leukomalacia.
auranofin
(164 times)
Rheumatology
(69 times)
RA (24 times)
ROS (21 times)
GSTM (17 times)
1979 Effect of chrysotherapy on parameters of immune response.
2-aminofluorene
(157 times)
Neoplasms
(46 times)
AAF (81 times)
NAT (40 times)
PABA (17 times)
1979 Differential excision from DNA of the C-8 deoxyguanosine reaction products of N-hydroxy-2-aminofluorene and N-acetoxy-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene by endonuclease S1 from Aspergillus oryzae.
10  attributable fraction
(131 times)
Environmental Health
(32 times)
CI (17 times)
RR (10 times)
OR (9 times)
1994 At least one in seven cases of cancer is caused by smoking. Global estimates for 1985.
11  antifouling
(121 times)
Biology
(77 times)
FR (17 times)
TBT (6 times)
PDMS (4 times)
2002 Antifouling activity of six nontoxic chemicals on spore attachment of Ulva fasciata.
12  Australian football
(121 times)
Sports Medicine
(78 times)
AFL (18 times)
ES (10 times)
HSR (5 times)
2001 Isokinetic strength related to jumping but not kicking performance of Australian footballers.
13  atrial flutter
(120 times)
Cardiology
(75 times)
SVT (13 times)
RF (10 times)
AT (7 times)
1975 [High-frequency electric stimulation of the atrium in treatment of supraventricular tachycardias and atrial flutter].
14  atrial fibrillation/flutter
(104 times)
Cardiology
(46 times)
CI (19 times)
HR (13 times)
HF (7 times)
1993 The signal-averaged electrocardiogram of P wave in patients with documented atrial fibrillation or flutter and in patients with left or right atrial overload without atrial fibrillation.
15  allele frequency
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
ctDNA (11 times)
NGS (11 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
1997 HLA class II allele frequencies in northern Thais (Kamphaeng Phet).
16  activation function
(84 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
ER (22 times)
ERalpha (8 times)
GR (7 times)
1998 Cross-talk between peptide growth factor and estrogen receptor signaling pathways.
17  Aggressive fibromatosis
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
IHC (4 times)
NSAIDs (4 times)
PFS (4 times)
1996 Imaging characteristics of aggressive fibromatosis in children.
18  ascitic fluid
(61 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
SBP (32 times)
bactDNA (6 times)
PMN (6 times)
1981 Ascites production in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).
19  ameloblastic fibroma
(60 times)
Dentistry
(29 times)
AFO (9 times)
AFS (9 times)
AOT (6 times)
1992 Ectomesenchyme of ameloblastic fibroma reveals a characteristic distribution of extracellular matrix proteins.
20  antisecretory factor
(52 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
SPC (8 times)
ICP (6 times)
MD (3 times)
1995 Molecular cloning and expression of a pituitary gland protein modulating intestinal fluid secretion.
21  aortic flow
(50 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
CF (21 times)
CO (17 times)
HR (14 times)
1976 Blood-perfused working isolated rat heart.
22  anaerobic filter
(46 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
COD (13 times)
UASB (6 times)
AH (5 times)
2001 Molecular weight distribution of Pinus radiata kraft mill wastewater treated by anaerobic digestion.
23  autonomic failure
(44 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
BP (12 times)
MSA (12 times)
PAF (4 times)
1982 Impaired pancreatic polypeptide release to insulin hypoglycaemia in chronic autonomic failure with postural hypotension: evidence for parasympathetic dysfunction.
24  alcoholic fermentation
(42 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
MLF (22 times)
LAB (8 times)
AAF (2 times)
2006 Effect of simultaneous inoculation with yeast and bacteria on fermentation kinetics and key wine parameters of cool-climate chardonnay.
25  AF group
(39 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
SR (11 times)
LA (6 times)
CABG (4 times)
2000 Medium-term results after the modified Cox/Maze procedure combined with other cardiac surgery.
26  amaurosis fugax
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
TIA (8 times)
CRAO (5 times)
ICA (4 times)
1980 Demonstration of pathological circulating endothelial cells in patients with amaurosis fugax.
27  aqueous fraction
(39 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
EAF (7 times)
BF (5 times)
CF (5 times)
1982 Effects of soluble fraction of porcine tissue on the aggregation of human blood platelets.
28  abdominal fat
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
FCR (6 times)
BM (4 times)
FC (4 times)
1983 Factors affecting broiler processing parameters and plasma corticosterone.
29  amentoflavone
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
AhR (7 times)
TNBC (4 times)
AD (2 times)
2006 Urinary metabolite profiling reveals CYP1A2-mediated metabolism of NSC686288 (aminoflavone).
30  apical foramen
(35 times)
Dentistry
(27 times)
EALs (6 times)
AC (5 times)
micro-CT (4 times)
2002 [The effect of instrumentation on original apical foramen shape using steel vs niti rotatory: computerized analysis].
31  advanced fibrosis
(34 times)
Gastroenterology
(22 times)
NAFLD (15 times)
AUROC (9 times)
FIB-4 (7 times)
1979 Histologic subclassification of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's disease.
32  aldehyde fuchsin
(34 times)
Histocytochemistry
(13 times)
PAS (6 times)
AB (4 times)
GBHA (3 times)
1975 A procedure for the simultaneous demonstration of neurosecretory and mucosubstances in tissue sections.
33  accelerated fractionation
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CF (11 times)
HF (5 times)
AH (4 times)
1990 Accelerated fractionation in advanced head and neck cancer: results and analysis of late sequelae.
34  aerobic fitness
(29 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
BMI (5 times)
PA (5 times)
AD (2 times)
1990 Aerobic fitness, psychological characteristics, and cardiovascular reactivity to stress.
35  Atlantic Forest
(29 times)
Molecular Biology
(12 times)
BA (3 times)
Bd (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2011 The genetic effects of Late Quaternary climatic changes over a tropical latitudinal gradient: diversification of an Atlantic Forest passerine.
36  accumulation factor
(28 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
HRI (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
Cr (3 times)
1991 Cadmium kinetics in freshwater clams. V. Cadmium-copper interaction in metal accumulation by Anodonta cygnea and characterization of the metal-binding protein.
37  amplify-and-forward
(28 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(18 times)
DF (10 times)
NOMA (6 times)
BER (5 times)
2013 Amplify-and-forward cooperative diversity for green UWB-based WBSNs.
38  anaerobic fermentation
(28 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
WAS (13 times)
SCFAs (7 times)
VFAs (4 times)
2015 Metabolic flux analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a sealed winemaking fermentation system.
39  actin filament
(25 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
MT (6 times)
ER (3 times)
MTs (2 times)
1986 Mechanisms of cytoskeletal regulation: modulation of aortic endothelial cell protein band 4.1 by the extracellular matrix.
40  active fraction
(25 times)
Biology
(3 times)
4-AP (2 times)
4-NP (2 times)
CF (2 times)
1995 Is measured energy expenditure correlated to injury severity score in major trauma patients?.
41  acceleration factor
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
SNR (6 times)
CS (5 times)
CNR (3 times)
2007 Parallel imaging of knee cartilage at 3 Tesla.
42  albiflorin
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
PF (15 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
5-HT (2 times)
2012 Preparative purification of peoniflorin and albiflorin from peony rhizome using macroporous resin and medium-pressure liquid chromatography.
43  assessment factor
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
SSD (13 times)
PNEC (10 times)
PNECs (3 times)
2002 A framework for prioritizing fragrance materials for aquatic risk assessment.
44  Acne fulminans
(21 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
HS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AF-SS (1 time)
1989 Osteomyelitis-like bone lesions in acne fulminans.
45  Air Force
(21 times)
Military Medicine
(9 times)
CNS (2 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
1997 Comparison of acceleration subjects to other populations: spinal anomaly distribution.
46  acid fuchsin
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MB (4 times)
MO (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
1984 [Comparison of acid fuchsin (AF) staining and hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric acid (HBFP) staining for demonstration of early myocardial infarction].
47  airflow
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
AHI (7 times)
SAHS (7 times)
PSG (6 times)
2005 The controlled-environment chamber: a new mouse model of dry eye.
48  anal fissure
(19 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
CA (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
DTZ (1 time)
2002 Oral lacidipine in the treatment of anal fissure.
49  anal fistula
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
LIFT (2 times)
AFR (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2003 Quality of life of patients after surgical treatment of anal fistula; the role of anal manometry.
50  anterior fontanelle
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
PF (4 times)
ICP (2 times)
MF (2 times)
1988 Anterior fontanelle size in Arab children: standards for appropriately grown full term neonates.
51  aggregation factor
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
AR (5 times)
mAb (2 times)
esp (1 time)
1983 Two Ca2+ functions are demonstrated by the substitution of specific divalent and lanthanide cations for the Ca2+ required by the aggregation factor complex from the marine sponge, Microciona prolifera.
52  atretic follicles
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
FGP (4 times)
GSI (4 times)
LSGP (3 times)
1986 Effect of melatonin on oocyte growth and recruitment, hypophyseal gonadotrophs, and oviduct of the frog Rana cyanophlyctis maintained under natural photoperiod during the prebreeding phase.
53  attenuation factor
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
FFQ (2 times)
MC (2 times)
24-HDR (1 time)
2005 Sorption and leaching potential of acidic herbicides in Brazilian soils.
54  acid-fast
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
AR (2 times)
IFA (2 times)
mAb (2 times)
1989 Comparison of conventional staining methods and monoclonal antibody-based methods for Cryptosporidium oocyst detection.
55  adaptive filtering
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
EEG (2 times)
BL (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
1990 The active fitting (AF) programme of hearing aids: a psychological perspective.
56  allantoic fluid
(16 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HA (3 times)
AIV (2 times)
CAM (2 times)
1980 Infectious bronchitis agar-gel precipitin test--use of infected allantoic fluid as antigen.
57  anchoring fibrils
(15 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DEB (3 times)
HS-RDEB (3 times)
EBD (2 times)
1977 The human cutaneous basement membrane--anchoring fibril complex: preparation and ultrastructure.
58  area fraction
(15 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
DCM (3 times)
DIA (3 times)
CV (2 times)
2002 Digital image analysis system for the quantification of infiltrates and cell adhesion molecules in inflammatory cardiomyopathy.
59  ascofuranone
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
TAO (4 times)
AOX (3 times)
SHAM (2 times)
1981 Unusual concentration of urine and prevention of polydipsia by fungal prenylphenols in DOCA hypertensive rats.
60  1,5-anhydro-D-fructose
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AG (4 times)
AFGOS (1 time)
AKR1E1 (1 time)
1996 NMR of all-carbon-13 sugars: an application in development of an analytical method for a novel natural sugar, 1,5-anhydrofructose.
61  acriflavine
(14 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AO (3 times)
CV (2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
1972 Loss of lactose metabolism in lactic streptococci.
62  adaptive functioning
(14 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
SIB-R (4 times)
BT (2 times)
EFs (2 times)
2011 Enhanced response inhibition during intensive meditation training predicts improvements in self-reported adaptive socioemotional functioning.
63  allele fraction
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
NGS (6 times)
ctDNA (5 times)
2013 Validation of a next-generation sequencing assay for clinical molecular oncology.
64  Animal Fluency
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DSST (8 times)
CERAD-DR (5 times)
CERAD (3 times)
1998 Cognitive decline and education in mild dementia.
65  application factor
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ACF (1 time)
AsA (1 time)
CQ (1 time)
1990 Thyrotropin potentiation of insulin-like growth factor-I dependent deoxribonucleic acid synthesis in FRTL-5 cells: mediation by an autocrine amplification factor(s).
66  Armed Forces
(14 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
AUDIT (2 times)
UK (2 times)
2005 Epidemiological features of virus hepatitis in the Russian Army.
67  aseptic failure
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
PJI (13 times)
AUC (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
2012 Multiplex PCR of sonication fluid accurately differentiates between prosthetic joint infection and aseptic failure.
68  asialofetuin
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ASGPR (6 times)
DiI (2 times)
DOTAP (2 times)
1983 Effects of hyperthermia on plasma glycoprotein catabolism by the isolated perfused rat liver.
69  augmented feedback
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
EF (3 times)
IF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2009 Changes in bar path kinematics and kinetics through use of summary feedback in power snatch training.
70  fibrillation and flutter
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ELR (2 times)
OR (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
1998 Prevalence of atrial fibrillation and eligibility for anticoagulants in the community.
71  adventitial fibroblast
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
VSMC (3 times)
OPN (2 times)
PVAT (2 times)
2002 Fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 signaling induces osteopontin expression and vascular smooth muscle cell-dependent adventitial fibroblast migration in vitro.
72  alcohol-fed
(13 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
PF (10 times)
ALD (6 times)
AF/INU (2 times)
1996 In utero exposure to ethanol alters mRNA for insulin-like growth factors and insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins in placenta and lung of fetal rats.
73  animal fat
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CLA (2 times)
CS (2 times)
DHA (2 times)
1983 The influence of premature weaning and the nature of the fat in the diet during development on adult plasma lipids and adipose cellularity in pair-fed rats.
74  Aurantii Fructus
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AFI (7 times)
CRP (3 times)
AMPK (2 times)
2007 Anti-ischemic effect of Aurantii Fructus on contractile dysfunction of ischemic and reperfused rat heart.
75  accommodative facility
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AA (5 times)
NPC (4 times)
CISS (3 times)
1999 Effect of accommodative adaptation on static and dynamic accommodation in emmetropia and late-onset myopia.
76  adult female
(12 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
AM (4 times)
LE (2 times)
PAAM (2 times)
2001 Fecundity of Hoplopleura scapteromydis (Phthiraptera: Anoplura, Hoplopleuridae), ectoparasite of Scapteromys aquaticus (Rodentia: Muridae) in Rio de La Plata marshlands, Argentina.
77  after fertilization
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
IAA (2 times)
NPA (2 times)
HTE (1 time)
1983 Ontogeny of the immune system in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The appearance of antigenic determinants on lymphoid cells detected by mouse anti-carp thymocyte monoclonal antibodies.
78  ammonium formate
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
MC (3 times)
ESI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2008 Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP)-capped dendritic gold nanoparticles by a one-step hydrothermal route and their high SERS effect.
79  angina frequency
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
SAQ (9 times)
AS (7 times)
TS (7 times)
2009 [A randomized double-blinded controlled trial of Xuefu Zhuyu Capsule on short-term quality of life in unstable anginal patients with blood-stasis syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention].
80  anthocyanin fraction
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
alpha-SMA (2 times)
CF (2 times)
DMN (2 times)
2007 Anthocyanin fraction from potato extracts is cytotoxic to prostate cancer cells through activation of caspase-dependent and caspase-independent pathways.
81  antifungal
(12 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
BDG (3 times)
IFI (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
2008 The clinical and pharmacoeconomic analysis of invasive aspergillosis in adult patients with haematological diseases.
82  antral follicles
(12 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
OR (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
2001 Antral follicle counting in predicting the retrieved oocyte number after ovarian hyperstimulation.
83  arterial filter
(12 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
CPB (9 times)
OX (6 times)
CR (3 times)
1989 Quantitation of platelet loss with indium-111 labeled platelets in a hollow-fiber membrane oxygenator and arterial filter during extracorporeal circulation in a pig model.
84  acutely fatigued
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
FOR (6 times)
CF (3 times)
IR (3 times)
2006 24 hours on-call and acute fatigue no longer worsen resident mood under the 80-hour work week regulations.
85  Alexa Fluor
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FRET (3 times)
CTB (2 times)
BDA (1 time)
2003 Projections from primary somatosensory cortex to the neostriatum: the role of somatotopic continuity in corticostriatal convergence.
86  antifibrinolytic
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
TXA (3 times)
EBL (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2005 Antifibrinolytic use and bleeding during surgery on the descending thoracic aorta: a multivariate analysis.
87  artificial feeding
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BF (3 times)
DHF (2 times)
APG (1 time)
1980 [Enteral nutrition by tube in burn patients].
88  autofluorescence imaging
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
OCT (4 times)
RPE (2 times)
SD-OCT (2 times)
2002 Autofluorescence and 5-aminolevulinic acid induced fluorescence diagnosis of penile carcinoma -- new techniques to monitor Nd:YAG laser therapy.
89  adhesive factor
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
FN (2 times)
CM (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
1975 Study of the specificity of the action of adhesive factors isolated from the liver and lungs of adult mice and rats.
90  aminofluorescein
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LOD (2 times)
QDs (2 times)
TMOS (2 times)
1992 Epstein-Barr virus enters B cells and epithelial cells by different routes.
91  anaerobic fungi
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AH (1 time)
DRF (1 time)
GH5 (1 time)
2010 Phylogenetic diversity and community structure of anaerobic gut fungi (phylum Neocallimastigomycota) in ruminant and non-ruminant herbivores.
92  anatomic form
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MD (5 times)
CM (3 times)
MI (3 times)
2001 Detection of a transitional ion concentration zone during electronic measurement of root canal length: a study in vitro.
93  anthropometric failure
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EF (3 times)
CIAF (2 times)
PLI (2 times)
1985 An arthritogenic lymphokine in the rat.
94  activity fronts
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
MMC (4 times)
CLA (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1983 Somatostatin and the interdigestive migrating motor complex in man.
95  alleged father
(9 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
STRs (2 times)
ccfDNA (1 time)
1975 Dating patterns, sexual relationships and use of contraceptives of 700 unwed mothers during a two year period following delivery.
96  anal furunculosis
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
GSD (4 times)
CD (2 times)
MHC (2 times)
2006 The role of surgery in the management of canine anal furunculosis. A review of the literature and a retrospective evaluation of treatment by surgical resection in 51 dogs.
97  angiogenic factor
(9 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CAM (3 times)
VEGF (3 times)
BPH (2 times)
1987 Angiogenic activity in human wound fluid.
98  atrial flutter/fibrillation
(9 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
AV (2 times)
SVT (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1981 [Atrial arrhythmias after surgical repair of an atrial septal defect (secundum-type). Six years follow-up in adults (author's transl)].
99  autofocusing
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
HD-ACF (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
1991 Autofocus system for a surgical CO(2) laser.
100  acicular ferrite
(8 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CGHAZ (3 times)
GB (3 times)
BF (2 times)
2018 Study of Bauschinger effect of acicular ferrite and polygonal ferrite through ex-situ interrupted bending tests in API X80 linepipe steels.