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Abbreviation: AFI
Appearance Frequency: 903 time(s)
Long forms: 120

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
amniotic fluid index
(354 times)
Obstetrics
(189 times)
EFW (23 times)
CI (19 times)
PPROM (19 times)
1987 Four-quadrant assessment of amniotic fluid volume. Interobserver and intraobserver variation.
autofluorescence imaging
(114 times)
Gastroenterology
(52 times)
NBI (41 times)
WLE (13 times)
WLI (12 times)
2005 Endoscopic video autofluorescence imaging may improve the detection of early neoplasia in patients with Barrett's esophagus.
acute febrile illness
(84 times)
Tropical Medicine
(34 times)
DENV (9 times)
CI (6 times)
PCR (4 times)
1998 Verbal autopsies for adult deaths: their development and validation in a multicentre study.
automated function imaging
(36 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(16 times)
LV (16 times)
LVEF (7 times)
DSE (4 times)
2007 Analysis of segmental and global function of the fetal heart using novel automatic functional imaging.
Ascitic fluid infection
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
SBP (7 times)
CNNA (6 times)
IGT (4 times)
1990 Fructosamine in relation to maternofetal glucose and insulin homeostasis in gestational diabetes.
abdominal wall fat index
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMI (4 times)
IMT (3 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
1993 Abdominal wall fat index, estimated by ultrasonography, for assessment of the ratio of visceral fat to subcutaneous fat in the abdomen.
Achilles functional index
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TGF-beta1 (2 times)
US (2 times)
UTS (2 times)
1992 The Achilles Functional Index.
actual flip angle imaging
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
DREAM (3 times)
SDAM (3 times)
GRE (2 times)
2008 On the steady-state properties of actual flip angle imaging (AFI).
atrial flutter
(15 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AF (5 times)
AFib (3 times)
IVC-TA (2 times)
1984 [Significance of a supraventricular arrhythmia precipitated during an electrophysiological study].
10  Attentional Function Index
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CRCI (3 times)
SDS (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
1999 Pretreatment symptom distress in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer.
11  adjusted flow index
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
OCTA (10 times)
SCP (9 times)
VD (8 times)
2017 Quantifying Microvascular Abnormalities With Increasing Severity of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.
12  autofluorescence imaging bronchoscopy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
WLB (5 times)
AFB (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2005 Effective detection of bronchial preinvasive lesions by a new autofluorescence imaging bronchovideoscope system.
13  average feed intake
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
FCR (5 times)
ADG (4 times)
BYC (3 times)
1991 Effects of ractopamine, genotype, and growth phase on finishing performance and carcass value in swine: I. Growth performance and carcass merit.
14  Aurantii Fructus Immaturus
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
AF (6 times)
CRP (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2004 Inhibitory effect of Daesungki-Tang on the invasiveness potential of hepatocellular carcinoma through inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activities.
15  algofunctional index
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
OA (6 times)
CI (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1998 The effects of a physical training program on patients with osteoarthritis of the knees.
16  arm fat index
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMI (3 times)
UFA (2 times)
UMA (2 times)
2000 Association of the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene with obesity in Native American populations.
17  Atrial Fibrillation Investigators
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
SPAF (5 times)
ACCP (3 times)
AF (3 times)
1998 Anticoagulation in chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: appraisal of two meta-analyses.
18  average fluorescence intensity
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ADCC (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
CCSP (1 time)
1996 Expression of membrane form of the pregnancy associated protein TJ6 on decidual lymphocytes in the first trimester of pregnancy.
19  abdominal fat index
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
RIA (1 time)
WHR (1 time)
1991 Endocrine disorders and body fat distribution.
20  acid fitness island
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APEC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2007 Products of the Escherichia coli acid fitness island attenuate metabolite stress at extremely low pH and mediate a cell density-dependent acid resistance.
21  age at first insemination
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AFC (1 time)
AFD (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2013 Effects of sibship size and composition on younger brothers' and sisters' alcohol use initiation: findings from an Australian twin sample.
22  alternate furrow irrigation
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFI (3 times)
WUE (2 times)
ARGs (1 time)
2009 [Coupling effect of water and nitrogen for cotton under different furrow irrigation patterns].
23  amniotic fluid volume
(4 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
SGA (1 time)
2001 Decreased amniotic fluid index in low-risk pregnancy.
24  anterior flare intensity
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CRT (3 times)
DME (3 times)
PRP (2 times)
2017 Panretinal Photocoagulation Using Short-Pulse Laser Induces Less Inflammation and Macular Thickening in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy.
25  antifeedant index
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AOI (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2007 Toxicity and feeding deterrence of crude toxin extracts of Lecanicillium (Verticillium) lecanii (Hyphomycetes) against sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
26  autofluorescent flavoprotein imaging
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CBF (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2010 Autofluorescent flavoprotein imaging of spinal nociceptive activity.
27  autologous fat injection
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IIEF-5 (1 time)
PGE (1 time)
VPI (1 time)
2006 Autologous fat augmentation for voice and swallow improvement after cordectomy.
28  Ayurvedic Formulary of India
(4 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CFUs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
E. officinalis (1 time)
2013 Botanical identity of plant sources of Dasamula drugs through an analysis of published literature.
29  acceptance facilitating intervention
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
IBIs (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2014 Impact of an acceptance facilitating intervention on diabetes patients' acceptance of Internet-based interventions for depression: a randomized controlled trial.
30  AF index
(3 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
AF (3 times)
PI (1 time)
SDP (1 time)
1998 Transvaginal sonography of the forewaters in the assessment of amniotic fluid volume in patients with oligohydramnios.
31  aneurysm formation indicator
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
OSI (3 times)
WSS (3 times)
GON (2 times)
2009 Can temporal fluctuation in spatial wall shear stress gradient initiate a cerebral aneurysm? A proposed novel hemodynamic index, the gradient oscillatory number (GON).
32  Area of First Infection
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BTV (2 times)
MS (2 times)
TRACES (2 times)
2008 Modelling local dispersal of bluetongue virus serotype 8 using random walk.
33  art future-image intervention
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 1993 Future images: an art intervention with suicidal adolescents.
34  air-fluid interface
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FACS (1 time)
HDPs (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
2011 Immunological characterization of the equine airway epithelium and of a primary equine airway epithelial cell culture model.
35  ambient flame ionization
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LODs (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2015 Direct and Convenient Mass Spectrometry Sampling with Ambient Flame Ionization.
36  amniotic fluid
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
LGA (1 time)
MAFI (1 time)
1999 Meconium and amniotic fluid embolism: effects on coagulation in pregnant mini-pigs.
37  aneurysm formation index
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
OSI (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
GON (1 time)
2019 Multivariate analysis of hemodynamic parameters on intracranial aneurysm initiation of the internal carotid artery.
38  annual family income
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DIF (1 time)
MHT (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
2011 Assessing comprehension of clinical research.
39  antiferromagnetic insulating
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Nanoscale phase coexistence and percolative quantum transport.
40  ANTIRRHINUM FIDDLEHEAD
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DEF (1 time)
GLO (1 time)
2001 Epidermal control of floral organ identity by class B homeotic genes in Antirrhinum and Arabidopsis.
41  asymmetric Fourier imaging
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MagAFI (2 times)
RepAFI (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
2015 Magnitude-based Asymmetric Fourier Imaging (MagAFI).
42  atrial fibrillation intervals
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AERP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
DAR (1 time)
1996 Relationship between local atrial fibrillation interval and refractory period in the isolated canine atrium.
43  Awake fibreoptic intubation
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2009 A retrospective analysis of airway management in obese patients at a teaching institution.
44  flip-angle imaging
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BSS (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
2006 Actual flip-angle imaging in the pulsed steady state: a method for rapid three-dimensional mapping of the transmitted radiofrequency field.
45  intra-abdominal fungal infection
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
IPN (1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2021 Candidemia indicates poor outcome in patients with infected pancreatic necrosis.
46  abdominal wall flap incision
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2006 A new approach for the surgery of large renal masses: abdominal wall flap incision.
47  absolute feed intake
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HSI (1 time)
IPFR (1 time)
LMB (1 time)
2020 Effects of dietary starch and lipid levels on the protein retention and growth of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides).
48  absolute fit indices
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
CHT (1 time)
2018 Comparing causal techniques for rainfall variability analysis using causality algorithms in Iran.
49  acetabular fracture index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Effects of the acetabular fracture index and other factors of posterior wall acetabular fracture on functional outcome.
50  acetyl ferulaic isosorbide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
FA (1 time)
ISMN (1 time)
2009 [Synthesis and cardioprotective effect of a novel anti-ischemic/reperfused injury compound].
51  Acquired factor VIII inhibitor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
IVIG (1 time)
rFVIIa (1 time)
2011 Rituximab and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for the management of acquired factor VIII inhibitor in multiple myeloma: case report and review of literature.
52  Active Flow Intensity
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
OCT (1 time)
TFI (1 time)
VD (1 time)
2021 Total flow intensity, active flow intensity and volume related flow intensity as new quantitative metrics in optical coherence tomography angiography.
53  active furyl intermediate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HMF (1 time)
MA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 One-Pot Synthesis of Renewable Phthalic Anhydride from 5-Hydroxymethfurfural by using MoO3 /Cu(NO3 )2 as Catalyst.
54  Activin-Follistatin-Inhibin Axis
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
2020 Circulating profile of Activin-Follistatin-Inhibin Axis in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea in response to leptin treatment.
55  activins-follistatins-inhibins
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2018 Regulation of the activins-follistatins-inhibins axis by energy status: Impact on reproductive function.
56  Activities Frequency Inventory
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
1996 Memory performance in relation to age, verbal ability, and activity.
57  acute fatigue related
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
OFI (1 time)
OI (1 time)
2011 Sports-related injuries in youth athletes: is overscheduling a risk factor?
58  acute febrile disease
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
OROV (1 time)
2020 Oropouche infection a neglected arbovirus in patients with acute febrile illness from the Peruvian coast.
59  Acute Febrile Illnesses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Clinical profile of Thrombocytopenia in Acute Febrile Illnesses; a hospital-based study.
60  acute finger ischemia
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Anatomic findings and outcomes associated with upper extremity arteriography and selective thrombolysis for acute finger ischemia.
61  acute food insecurity
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
FEWS NET (1 time)
NDVI (1 time)
2021 A slow rainy season onset is a reliable harbinger of drought in most food insecure regions in Sub-Saharan Africa.
62  acute undifferentiated febrile illness
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Acute undifferentiated febrile illness in adult hospitalized patients: the disease spectrum and diagnostic predictors - an experience from a tertiary care hospital in South India.
63  adaptive freeform surface interferometer
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MNC (1 time)
2020 Model calibration by multi-null constraint for an optical freeform surface adaptive interferometer.
64  additional fusion images
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DE-VISTA (1 time)
MPR (1 time)
2013 Usefulness of dual echo volumetric isotropic turbo spin echo acquisition (VISTA) in MR imaging of the temporomandibular joint.
65  Adelaide Frailty Index
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2019 Commonly Used Screening Instruments to Identify Frailty Among Community-Dwelling Older People in a General Practice (Primary Care) Setting: A Study of Diagnostic Test Accuracy.
66  adjusted for 4-week body weight
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
6WW (1 time)
1991 Mixed model analysis of a selection experiment for food intake in mice.
67  adjuvant treatment to the first recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
2018 The Difference in Prognostic Outcomes Between De Novo Stage IV and Recurrent Metastatic Patients with Hormone Receptor-positive, HER2-negative Breast Cancer.
68  Adult film industry
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 High Chlamydia and gonorrhea incidence and reinfection among performers in the adult film industry.
69  AF and reflectance imaging
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
EGC (1 time)
SEC (1 time)
2005 A novel videoendoscopy system by using autofluorescence and reflectance imaging for diagnosis of esophagogastric cancers.
70  AF imaging
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2020 Recent Advances and the Potential for Clinical Use of Autofluorescence Detection of Extra-Ophthalmic Tissues.
71  AF inducibility
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AFR (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2019 Evolution of post-pulmonary vein isolation atrial fibrillation inducibility at redo ablation: Electrophysiological evidence of extra-pulmonary vein substrate progression.
72  AF-induced shortening of AERP or interval
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AERP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
1997 Electrical remodeling due to atrial fibrillation in chronically instrumented conscious goats: roles of neurohumoral changes, ischemia, atrial stretch, and high rate of electrical activation.
73  affective index
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DM2 (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2006 [Diabetes mellitus in elderly: comorbid characteristics of patients with different ontogenetic forms of the disease].
74  age at first intercourse
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2009 Age of diagnosis of squamous cell cervical carcinoma and early sexual experience.
75  age of first sexual intercourse
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Pubertal timing and adolescent sexual behavior in girls.
76  Agri-Environmental Footprint Index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AESs (1 time)
FADN (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2010 Assessing the environmental performance of English arable and livestock holdings using data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN).
77  Air Force Instruction
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 Psychiatric treatment and operational readiness: clinical guidelines for Air Force practice.
78  alcoholic fat infiltration
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
AHF (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
2017 MiR-30e-UCP2 pathway regulates alcoholic hepatitis progress by influencing ATP and hydrogen peroxide expression.
79  aligned linear pores of the AlPO(4)-5
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BKT (1 time)
LAMH (1 time)
2011 Superconductivity in 4-Angstrom carbon nanotubes--a short review.
80  all farm index
(1 time)
Agriculture
(1 time)
--- 2005 Do economic stresses influence child work hours on family farms?
81  Allogeneic fetal intestinal
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SFI (1 time)
1998 Allogeneic fetal intestinal transplantation with FK506 immunosuppression.
82  Also, lowered effectiveness in cognitive function
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SDS (2 times)
POMS (1 time)
1999 Pretreatment symptom distress in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer.
83  alternate partial root zone furrow irrigation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CFI (1 time)
2006 [Effects of different furrow irrigation modes on grape growth and water use in oasis region].
84  alternative feed ingredient
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Chemical Composition and Nutritive Benefits of Chicory (Cichorium intybus) as an Ideal Complementary and/or Alternative Livestock Feed Supplement.
85  aluminophosphate-five
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
RBM (1 time)
2009 Superconducting characteristics of 4-A carbon nanotube-zeolite composite.
86  Ambulatory Fatigue Index
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
FI (1 time)
FSS (1 time)
2004 Effects of aerobic and strength exercise on motor fatigue in men and women with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.
87  American Film Institute
(1 time)
Surgery, Plastic
(1 time)
BFI (1 time)
IMDb (1 time)
2021 Lights, camera, scalpel: a lookback at 100years of plastic surgery on the silver screen.
88  Amniotic fluid immaturity
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Caesarean section at term: the relationship between neonatal respiratory morbidity and microviscosity in amniotic fluid.
89  amniotic fluid insulin concentration
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
MBG (1 time)
1996 Indication and results of insulin therapy for gestational diabetes mellitus.
90  Aniridia Foundation International
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Keratopathy, cataract, and dry eye in a survey of aniridia subjects.
91  Ankle and foot injuries
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
2011 Rates of ankle and foot injuries in active-duty U.S. Army soldiers, 2000-2006.
92  Annual falciparum Incidence
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
API (1 time)
1992 Epidemic of malaria in Barmer district (Thar desert) of Rajasthan during 1990.
93  Annual Fever Incidence
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
API (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
2008 Impact of community-based presumptive chloroquine treatment of fever cases on malaria morbidity and mortality in a tribal area in Orissa State, India.
94  Anthropogenic Footprint Index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HVI (1 time)
PhACs (1 time)
2016 Regional assessment of concentrations and sources of pharmaceutically active compounds, pesticides, nitrate, and E. coli in post-glacial aquifer environments (Canada).
95  apnea and face immersion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ABV (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2021 Prioritized Brain Circulation During Ergometer Cycling with Apnea and Face Immersion in Ice-Cold Water: A Case Report.
96  apoptosis fibrosis index
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2019 Diagnostic performance of extrinsic apoptosis pathway in hepatitis C virus patients: apoptosis fibrosis crosstalk.
97  approaching forced involution
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ANI (1 time)
2013 Early mammary gland metabolic and immune responses during natural-like and forceful drying-off in high-yielding dairy cows.
98  approximate frequent items
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
FPs (1 time)
MSFP (1 time)
2021 Fast Frequent Patterns Mining by Multiple Sampling With Tight Guarantee Under Bayesian Statistics.
99  aqueous flare intensity
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
27GPPV (1 time)
RRD (1 time)
2019 Clinical factors contributing to postoperative aqueous flare intensity after 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for the primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
100  aqueous fungal infusion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IGR (1 time)
2002 Oviposition attractancy of an infusion from a wood inhabiting fungus for vector mosquitoes.