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Abbreviation: AG
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aminoguanidine
(689 times)
Biochemistry
(92 times)
NO (274 times)
iNOS (221 times)
NOS (88 times)
1984 Differential cytotoxicity of deoxyguanosine and 8-aminoguanosine for human leukemic cell lines and normal bone marrow progenitor cells.
aminoglutethimide
(197 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
HC (17 times)
MPA (10 times)
MA (8 times)
1973 Adrenocortical steroidogenesis and aminoglutethimide (A. G.). II. Cytochemical and ultrastructural changes. Pratical and theoretical values.
AGAMOUS
(188 times)
Botany
(88 times)
WUS (21 times)
AP2 (17 times)
LFY (16 times)
1990 Function of the apetala-1 gene during Arabidopsis floral development.
atrophic gastritis
(187 times)
Gastroenterology
(66 times)
IM (65 times)
GC (61 times)
H. pylori (26 times)
1976 Gastric mucosa after partial gastrectomy.
anion gap
(178 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(32 times)
SIG (26 times)
BE (20 times)
SID (14 times)
1977 Clinical use of the anion gap.
angular gyrus
(170 times)
Brain
(50 times)
fMRI (30 times)
SMG (21 times)
DMN (20 times)
2002 Intraoperative mapping of the cortical areas involved in multiplication and subtraction: an electrostimulation study in a patient with a left parietal glioma.
arabinogalactan
(145 times)
Biochemistry
(36 times)
LAM (17 times)
AGPs (12 times)
AGP (10 times)
1976 Effect of degradation of the arabinogalactan portionof a water-soluble component from M. tuberculosis wax D on polyarthritis induction in the rat.
aminoglycoside
(136 times)
Drug Therapy
(23 times)
CF (11 times)
AKI (8 times)
Eis (5 times)
1981 Are measurements of urine enzymes useful during aminoglycoside therapy?
acylated ghrelin
(97 times)
Endocrinology
(48 times)
UAG (38 times)
GH (9 times)
TG (8 times)
2004 Non-acylated ghrelin counteracts the metabolic but not the neuroendocrine response to acylated ghrelin in humans.
10  anastomosis group
(78 times)
Botany
(18 times)
ITS (19 times)
PDA (8 times)
rDNA (4 times)
1994 Extrachromosomal plasmids in the plant pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani.
11  artificial gravity
(56 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
HDBR (6 times)
BR (4 times)
HDT (4 times)
1997 Biomedical aspects of artificial gravity.
12  Andrographolide
(49 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
BBB (3 times)
DDAG (3 times)
ERK (3 times)
2005 Modulation of multidrug resistance by andrographolid in a HCT-8/5-FU multidrug-resistant colorectal cancer cell line.
13  1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
AF (4 times)
IGT (3 times)
NIDDM (3 times)
1986 Oxidation of 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol to 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose catalyzed by an enzyme from bacterial membranes.
14  anaplastic glioma
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
GBM (13 times)
TMZ (10 times)
RT (7 times)
1992 Treatment of recurrent gliomas and metastatic brain tumors with a polydrug protocol designed to combat nitrosourea resistance.
15  acyl ghrelin
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
DAG (16 times)
GOAT (6 times)
GLP-1 (4 times)
2010 Lipopolysaccharide differentially decreases plasma acyl and desacyl ghrelin levels in rats: potential role of the circulating ghrelin-acylating enzyme GOAT.
16  androgenic gland
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
IAG (12 times)
AGH (3 times)
DVD (2 times)
1997 Sexual bipotentiality of developing ovaries in the terrestrial isopod Armadillidium vulgare (Malacostraca, Crustacea).
17  acute gastroenteritis
(31 times)
Communicable Diseases
(12 times)
CI (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
1990 [Acute gastroenteritis: a prospective study of 445 cases].
18  alginate
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CH (4 times)
CS (4 times)
Cys (3 times)
1999 Sustained release liquid preparation using sodium alginate for eradication of Helicobacter pyroli.
19  agoraphobia
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
PD (26 times)
CBT (4 times)
PAS (4 times)
1986 Effects of lactate-induced panic attacks on brain stem auditory evoked potentials.
20  arabic gum
(30 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
GG (3 times)
CG (2 times)
KG (2 times)
2002 Protective effects of oral arabic gum administration on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
21  ActiGraph
(28 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
PA (10 times)
MVPA (9 times)
EE (7 times)
2007 Comparison of Kenz Lifecorder EX and ActiGraph accelerometers in 10-yr-old children.
22  agarose
(28 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
SEM (4 times)
HA (3 times)
MSC (3 times)
1988 Survey of alpha-amylase activity and isoamylases in autopsy tissue.
23  American ginseng
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
DSS (3 times)
ISI (2 times)
KRG (2 times)
1999 American ginseng and breast cancer therapeutic agents synergistically inhibit MCF-7 breast cancer cell growth.
24  Angiocentric glioma
(27 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
EMA (6 times)
GFAP (4 times)
DNT (3 times)
2007 Newly codified glial neoplasms of the 2007 WHO Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System: angiocentric glioma, pilomyxoid astrocytoma and pituicytoma.
25  alpha-glucosidase
(26 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
AChE (4 times)
BChE (2 times)
BG (2 times)
2001 Body and intestinal growth of broiler chicks on a commercial starter diet. 2. Development and characteristics of intestinal enzymes.
26  atrophic glossitis
(23 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
GPCA (14 times)
Hb (9 times)
MCV (7 times)
2011 Significant association of deficiency of hemoglobin, iron and vitamin B12, high homocysteine level, and gastric parietal cell antibody positivity with atrophic glossitis.
27  attached gingiva
(23 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
KG (7 times)
PD (7 times)
CAL (6 times)
1989 Computer-based thermal imaging of human gingiva: preliminary investigation.
28  adrenal gland
(20 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
TH (3 times)
DA (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1991 [Influence of brief high intensity exercise on plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline levels].
29  Acacia gum
(19 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
BLG (3 times)
GE (2 times)
RRT (2 times)
2001 Study of beta-lactoglobulin/acacia gum complex coacervation by diffusing-wave spectroscopy and confocal scanning laser microscopy.
30  acyl glucuronide
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DDI (3 times)
UGT (3 times)
DIC (2 times)
2002 Extrapolation of diclofenac clearance from in vitro microsomal metabolism data: role of acyl glucuronidation and sequential oxidative metabolism of the acyl glucuronide.
31  aerobic glycolysis
(18 times)
Cells
(3 times)
fMRI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1990 Development of cell injury in sustained acute ischemia.
32  acupuncture group
(17 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CG (6 times)
SG (3 times)
EA (2 times)
2000 Comparison of pharmacological treatment versus acupuncture treatment for migraine without aura--analysis of socio-medical parameters.
33  angiography
(17 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
VA (4 times)
CT (3 times)
HD (3 times)
1986 [A comparative diagnostic study of staging in renal cell carcinoma].
34  active group
(16 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
CG (4 times)
PG (3 times)
CC (2 times)
2007 [Clinical application of orbital scintigraphy with 99Tc(m)-octreotide in patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy].
35  8-azaguanine
(15 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
TG (4 times)
HPRT (3 times)
HAT (2 times)
1975 Mutations to azaguanine resistance induced in cultured diploid human fibroblasts by the carcinogen, N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene.
36  acetaminophen glucuronide
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
AS (11 times)
PB (4 times)
p-OHPBG (2 times)
1983 Pharmacokinetic study of the fate of acetaminophen and its conjugates in rats.
37  Adam-Gibbs
(15 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
CRR (2 times)
PS (2 times)
AGM (1 time)
2006 Spatially heterogeneous dynamics and the Adam-Gibbs relation in the Dzugutov liquid.
38  autograft
(15 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CSS (2 times)
MPCs (2 times)
TBSA (2 times)
2000 Aortic valve replacement: comparison of late survival between autografts and homografts.
39  abdominal girth
(14 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
BMI (4 times)
BW (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1985 Estimation of fetal weight in utero from symphysis-fundal height and abdominal girth measurements.
40  amygdala
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
HC (12 times)
MRI (3 times)
ICC (2 times)
2001 Age and gender predict volume decline in the anterior and posterior hippocampus in early adulthood.
41  accessory gland
(13 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
AT (2 times)
SFPs (2 times)
AMG (1 time)
1989 Effect of blood meal and mating on the genital tract ultrastructure in the female camel tick Hyalomma (Hyalomma) dromedarii (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae).
42  afterglow
(13 times)
Botany
(4 times)
TL (8 times)
CET (1 time)
FNR (1 time)
2004 Effects of freezing on thermoluminescence in various plant species.
43  anaerobic germination
(13 times)
Breeding
(2 times)
DSR (3 times)
GWAS (3 times)
SNP (2 times)
2014 Assessment of genetic diversity in rice [Oryza sativa L.] germplasm based on agro-morphology traits and zinc-iron content for crop improvement.
44  1-acid glycoprotein
(12 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(4 times)
CEA (4 times)
Con A (2 times)
NCA (2 times)
1982 Immunological similarity of CEA with alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid).
45  aminoguanidine hemisulfate salt
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
NO (7 times)
iNOS (3 times)
L-NAME (3 times)
1985 Polyamine metabolism and polyamine excretion in normal and tumor bearing rodents.
46  anogenital
(12 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
HPV (6 times)
IFN (2 times)
BUP (1 time)
1987 Influence of prenatal exposure to cimetidine and alcohol on selected morphological parameters of sexual differentiation: a preliminary report.
47  autoimmune gastritis
(12 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ECL (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2002 Autoimmune gastritis: distinct histological and immunohistochemical findings before complete loss of oxyntic glands.
48  aboveground
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BG (9 times)
JA (2 times)
DMDS (1 time)
2012 Costs of jasmonic acid induced defense in aboveground and belowground parts of corn (Zea mays L.).
49  Abrams-Griffiths
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BOO (3 times)
DESD (2 times)
BOOI (1 time)
2000 Pressure-flow study as an evaluating method of neurogenic urethral relaxation failure.
50  adenine-guanine
(11 times)
Science
(4 times)
AA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
GG (3 times)
1989 Use of host cell reactivation of cisplatin-treated adenovirus 5 in human cell lines to detect repair of drug-treated DNA.
51  age groups
(11 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of Malassezia species on various body sites in clinically healthy subjects representing different age groups.
52  Astragalin
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
GSH-Px (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2003 Traditional Chinese medicine Astragalus reverses predominance of Th2 cytokines and their up-stream transcript factors in lung cancer patients.
53  average glucose
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
HbA1c (3 times)
BG (2 times)
CGM (2 times)
2008 Translating the A1C assay into estimated average glucose values.
54  aggressive
(10 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
NAG (2 times)
PCa (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1994 Aggressive boys in the classroom: biased attributions or shared perceptions?
55  Angelica gigas
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
AM (2 times)
Tk (2 times)
2014 Hemopoietic effect of extracts from constituent herbal medicines of Samul-tang on phenylhydrazine-induced hemolytic anemia in rats.
56  angiogenesis
(10 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
HCMV (4 times)
TVS (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1998 Further characterization of a new in vitro angiogenesis model under serum free culture conditions; suppression of endothelial cell differentiation by serum.
57  angiotensinogen
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ER (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
alpha 1-PI (1 time)
1984 [Effect of estradiol and a series of other endocrine factors on the angiotensinogen level in rat blood plasma].
58  anticipatory grief
(10 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
AGFI (1 time)
AGS (1 time)
FCs (1 time)
2009 The impact of anticipatory grief on caregiver burden in dementia caregivers.
59  arachnoid granulations
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CSF (3 times)
SSS (2 times)
BH (1 time)
1996 Anatomic details of intradural channels in the parasagittal dura: a possible pathway for flow of cerebrospinal fluid.
60  admission glucose
(9 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
FG (3 times)
STEMI (3 times)
2005 Fasting glucose is an important independent risk factor for 30-day mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction: a prospective study.
61  alanyl-glutamine
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AA (2 times)
4F2hc (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1996 Alanyl-glutamine prevents muscle atrophy and glutamine synthetase induction by glucocorticoids.
62  Andersen-Gill
(9 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
PWP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
Cox PH (1 time)
2002 Estimating Determinants of Multiple Treatment Episodes for Substance Abusers.
63  artificial grammar
(9 times)
Brain
(4 times)
PD (2 times)
AGL (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2001 Preserved implicit learning on both the serial reaction time task and artificial grammar in patients with Parkinson's disease.
64  actinic granuloma
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
GA (3 times)
AEGCG (2 times)
DGA (1 time)
1996 Annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma--actinic granuloma?
65  acylglycerol
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TAG (2 times)
AA (1 time)
Chol (1 time)
1993 Metabolic changes in lipid fractions and carbohydrates in adult Trichuris globulosa during starvation conditions in vitro.
66  agar
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RH (2 times)
WVP (2 times)
4-NP (1 time)
1983 Influence of the culture conditions of Brucella abortus on its antitumor properties.
67  agmatine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NMDAR (2 times)
ADMA (1 time)
ARG (1 time)
1978 Occurrence of methylguanidine and agmatine in foods.
68  aminated beta-1,3-D-glucan
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
1986 A water-soluble aminated beta 1-3D-glucan derivative causes regression of solid tumors in mice.
69  androgenetic
(8 times)
Embryology
(4 times)
PG (4 times)
GG (3 times)
ES (2 times)
1995 Proliferation and differentiation of androgenetic cells in fetal mouse chimeras.
70  abdominal ganglion
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TG (3 times)
AT (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1994 Quantitative determination and distribution of the myotropic neuropeptide orcokinin in the nervous system of astacidean crustaceans.
71  adenomatous goiter
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PTC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FTC (2 times)
1989 [Result of surgical treatment to benign thyroid tumor].
72  Aerobic granules
(7 times)
Technology
(4 times)
AHL (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2007 Quantification of anammox populations enriched in an immobilized microbial consortium with low levels of ammonium nitrogen and at low temperature.
73  aged
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
AD (2 times)
EDL (2 times)
1995 Age-associated impairments in a test of attention: evidence for involvement of cholinergic systems.
74  albumen gland
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
p.i (2 times)
PO (2 times)
1991 Schistosoma mansoni: influence of infection on levels of translatable mRNA and on polypeptide synthesis in the ovotestis and albumen gland of Biomphalaria glabrata.
75  aminoglycoside antibiotic
(7 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
ABK (1 time)
AGR (1 time)
APCI (1 time)
1986 Bagougeramines A and B, new nucleoside antibiotics produced by a strain of Bacillus circulans. I. Taxonomy of the producing organism and isolation and biological properties of the antibiotics.
76  Amyloid goiter
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
CNB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1995 Amyloid goiter. A clinicopathologic study of 14 cases and review of the literature.
77  androstanediol glucuronide
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SHBG (3 times)
TT (3 times)
DHT (2 times)
1992 3 alpha-Androstanediol and 3 alpha-androstanediol glucuronide. Maternal and umbilical cord plasma concentrations in normal pregnancy.
78  artistic gymnasts
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
RG (5 times)
aBMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2002 Growth retardation in artistic compared with rhythmic elite female gymnasts.
79  Abrams-Griffiths number
(6 times)
Urology
(5 times)
BOO (4 times)
URA (3 times)
BPH (2 times)
1998 Comparison of three methods of quantifying urethral resistance in men.
80  Acorus gramineus
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LPS (2 times)
PQ (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2000 The ameliorating effects of the cognitive-enhancing Chinese herbs on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats.
81  adrenal glomerulosa
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CaMKII (4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
1991 Angiotensin-II-induced changes in diacylglycerol levels and their potential role in modulating the steroidogenic response.
82  aganglionic
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HD (5 times)
NG (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1998 Reduced glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor level in aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease.
83  allografts
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BMPs (1 time)
2002 In-vivo bacterial adherence to intracardiac prosthetic materials: a new experimental model.
84  allylglycine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GAD (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1990 Anticonvulsive activity of a barbiturate derivative HB-7 in a model of allylglycine-induced epilepsy in cats.
85  ambiguous genitalia
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CAH (2 times)
DHT (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
1987 Epidemiology of ambiguous genitalia in South America.
86  aminoguanidine hydrochloride
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NO (4 times)
L-NAME (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
1991 The effect of aminoguanidine on the blood-retinal barrier in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats.
87  androsterone glucuronide
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FT (2 times)
SHBG (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1982 Abnormal hormone levels in men with coronary artery disease.
88  anticipatory guidance
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
EOWPVT-R (1 time)
IOH (1 time)
IPG (1 time)
2003 The impact of early literacy guidance on language skills of 3-year-olds.
89  ApneaGraph
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
AHI (3 times)
OSAHS (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2008 Polysomnography and ApneaGraph in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders.
90  argyrophilic grains
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CBD (2 times)
NFT (2 times)
PSP (2 times)
2002 Severe involvement of the ambient gyrus in a case of dementia with argyrophilic grain disease.
91  arteriography
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AIx (2 times)
SC (2 times)
US (2 times)
1985 Echography in vena cava invasion from renal tumors.
92  attention gate
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BUS (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2019 Attention gated networks: Learning to leverage salient regions in medical images.
93  authorized generic
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AE (2 times)
FAERS (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2017 Comparison of brand versus generic antiepileptic drug adverse event reporting rates in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS).
94  active ghrelin
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CCK (4 times)
PYY (4 times)
WL (4 times)
2017 Timeline of changes in appetite during weight loss with a ketogenic diet.
95  acute gout
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AAs (1 time)
AHU (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2018 Plasma profiling of amino acids distinguishes acute gout from asymptomatic hyperuricemia.
96  aging
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BMMSCs (1 time)
2013 Computational studies on Alzheimer's disease associated pathways and regulatory patterns using microarray gene expression and network data: revealed association with aging and other diseases.
97  agriculture
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CE (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FIB (1 time)
2001 Assessment of neurobehavioral function with computerized tests in a population of hispanic adolescents working in agriculture.
98  alkyl glucoside
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AEC (1 time)
AES (1 time)
1996 Interactions of alkylglucosides with the renal sodium/D-glucose cotransporter.
99  aminated beta-1,3-D-polyglucose
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
GDM (3 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
HDL (1 time)
1989 The modulatory effect of lipoproteins on the release of interleukin 1 by human peritoneal macrophages stimulated with beta-1,3-D-polyglucose derivatives.
100  ammonium glycyrrhizinate
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
COX (1 time)
CXB (1 time)
1988 Teratogenicity study of ammonium glycyrrhizinate in the Sprague-Dawley rat.