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Abbreviation: AK
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Long forms: 189

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
actinic keratosis
(1049 times)
Dermatology
(633 times)
SCC (264 times)
PDT (172 times)
BCC (145 times)
1983 DNA repair in cells from patients with actinic keratosis.
adenylate kinase
(378 times)
Biochemistry
(116 times)
CK (48 times)
PK (30 times)
ATP (25 times)
1968 Data on the incidence, segregation and linkage relations of the adenylate kinase (AK) polymorphism.
Acanthamoeba keratitis
(325 times)
Ophthalmology
(143 times)
GAE (28 times)
CL (26 times)
CI (16 times)
1988 Acanthamoeba keratitis, clinico-pathological report of 2 cases.
arginine kinase
(177 times)
Biochemistry
(77 times)
CK (26 times)
TK (8 times)
TM (7 times)
1980 Localization of arginine kinase in muscles fibres of Drosophila melanogaster.
adenosine kinase
(138 times)
Biochemistry
(46 times)
ADO (27 times)
ADA (23 times)
APRT (15 times)
1976 Erythrocyte adenosine kinase activity in gout.
amikacin
(75 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
CIP (12 times)
MDA (9 times)
Cr (8 times)
1975 Acetylation of amikacin, a new semisynthetic antibiotic, by Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying an R factor.
above-knee
(74 times)
General Surgery
(39 times)
BK (52 times)
PTFE (7 times)
ePTFE (6 times)
1976 An index of healing in below-knee amputation: leg blood pressure by Doppler ultrasound.
air kerma
(67 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
DAP (48 times)
PCI (13 times)
FT (11 times)
1998 A new Diamentor for measuring kerma-area product and air-kerma simultaneously.
aspartate kinase
(55 times)
Biotechnology
(15 times)
DHPS (7 times)
DHDPS (4 times)
HSD (4 times)
1984 Lysine overproducer mutants with an altered dihydrodipicolinate synthase from protoplast culture of Nicotiana sylvestris (Spegazzini and Comes).
10  astigmatic keratotomy
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
RK (9 times)
LASIK (7 times)
PKP (7 times)
1994 Changing practice patterns in refractive surgery: results of a survey of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery.
11  acetate kinase
(32 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
PTA (13 times)
WAS (3 times)
ack (2 times)
1979 Studies on the allosteric nature of acetate kinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
12  axial kurtosis
(31 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
DKI (30 times)
MK (27 times)
RK (27 times)
2011 Microstructural changes observed with DKI in a transgenic Huntington rat model: evidence for abnormal neurodevelopment.
13  amoebic keratitis
(27 times)
Parasitology
(15 times)
GAE (11 times)
AP (3 times)
FLA (3 times)
2006 [Amebicidal plants extracts].
14  activated killer
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
NK (12 times)
IL-2 (8 times)
rIL-2 (6 times)
1984 Rapid expansion of allospecific cytotoxic T cell clones using nonspecific feeder cell lines without further addition of exogenous IL2.
15  applied kinesiology
(17 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
MMT (4 times)
CONSORT (1 time)
JOALS (1 time)
1984 Diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction: applied kinesiology compared to clinical observations and laboratory tests.
16  ankaflavin
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
MS (11 times)
LDL-C (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
2009 The Monascus metabolite monacolin K reduces tumor progression and metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma cells.
17  arcuate keratotomy
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
LASIK (3 times)
UCVA (3 times)
FLACS (2 times)
1996 Arcuate keratotomy to correct naturally occurring astigmatism.
18  anterior kidney
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PBL (4 times)
SPL (3 times)
ESC (2 times)
1981 The primary immune response of brown trout (Salmo trutta) to cellular and soluble antigens: Enumeration of antibody-secreting and antigen-binding cells, and the production of antibody.
19  available K
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AP (10 times)
TN (9 times)
AN (5 times)
2011 [Scale-dependency of spatial variability of soil available nutrients].
20  Alaska
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AI/AN (2 times)
AIs (1 time)
AN (1 time)
2005 Regional patterns and trends in cancer mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1990-2001.
21  Aurora kinase
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CML (2 times)
DE (2 times)
DH (2 times)
2006 MK-0457, a novel kinase inhibitor, is active in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or acute lymphocytic leukemia with the T315I BCR-ABL mutation.
22  AKR/J
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TPMT (3 times)
Balb (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1987 Mouse thiopurine methyltransferase pharmacogenetics: monogenic inheritance.
23  anomalous killer
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CTL (5 times)
ALK (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
1982 Lack of specificity for viral and H-2 antigens by anomalous T killer cells generated in murine leukocyte cultures.
24  adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CsA (3 times)
SEIs (3 times)
BSCVA (1 time)
1997 [Local cyclosporin A therapy of nummuli after epidemic keratoconjunctivitis--case report].
25  ADO kinase
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ADO (5 times)
5'd-5IT (1 time)
5-IT (1 time)
1992 The adenylate kinase family in yeast: identification of URA6 as a multicopy suppressor of deficiency in major AMP kinase.
26  amygdaloid kindling
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NTS (2 times)
VNS (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1992 Alterations in medial perforant path and mossy fiber induced field potentials in amygdala and beta-carboline (FG 7142) kindled rats.
27  Analysis Kit
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AUC (4 times)
LASSO (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2020 Value of MRI Radiomics Based on Enhanced T1WI Images in Prediction of Meningiomas Grade.
28  automated keratometry
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
MK (4 times)
IOL (3 times)
ACD (2 times)
1997 Clinical assessment of a hand-held automated keratometer in cataract surgery.
29  above-the-knee
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BK (4 times)
BIA (2 times)
CDT (1 time)
1980 Above vs. below knee amputations: a retrospective analysis.
30  Acne keloidalis
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
AKN (1 time)
CCCA (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
1993 Clinical, biochemical and morphologic features of acne keloidalis in a black population.
31  Artificial Intelligent Kit
(6 times)
Digestive System Diseases
(2 times)
AUCs (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
T1W (2 times)
2019 Can texture features improve the differentiation of infiltrative lung adenocarcinoma appearing as ground glass nodules in contrast-enhanced CT?
32  audiogenic kindling
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SD (2 times)
WAR (2 times)
BLA (1 time)
2003 Hippocampal cell proliferation and epileptogenesis after audiogenic kindling are not accompanied by mossy fiber sprouting or Fluoro-Jade staining.
33  Allo-Kramer
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
VB (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CS-UP (1 time)
1996 Texture evaluations of cooked, diced broiler breast samples by sensory and mechanical methods.
34  Angelica keiskei
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2003 Optimal conditions for identifying 80Br and 128I in health food Angelica keiskei using rapid epithermal neutron activation analysis.
35  attract-and-kill
(5 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
CLas (1 time)
HLB (1 time)
2018 Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy.
36  abnormal karyotype
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
NK (3 times)
OS (2 times)
AML (1 time)
2003 Telomere shortening in patients with plasma cell disorders.
37  activated killer cells
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
HCC (1 time)
rIL-2 (1 time)
1985 The generation of culture activated killer cells (AK) is interleukin-2-dependent and requires self-Ia recognition.
38  akermanite
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
beta-TCP (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2011 The effects of bioactive akermanite on physiochemical, drug-delivery, and biological properties of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) beads.
39  Amsler-Krumeich
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AUC (1 time)
AveK (1 time)
BSCVA (1 time)
2016 Keratoconus: The ABCD Grading System.
40  angiokeratoma
(4 times)
Pregnancy Complications
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2014 Late onset palmar angiokeratoma circumscriptum: An unusual presentation.
41  anti-CD3-activated killer
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PTX (2 times)
2-CA (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1994 2-Chloroadenosine inhibits the MHC-unrestricted cytolytic activity of anti-CD3-activated killer cells: evidence for the involvement of a non-A1/A2 cell-surface adenosine receptor.
42  acesulfame-K
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2011 Effects of mother's dietary exposure to acesulfame-K in Pregnancy or lactation on the adult offspring's sweet preference.
43  alphabet knowledge
(3 times)
Speech Disorders
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
SLI (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2018 The Contributions of Phonological Awareness, Alphabet Knowledge, and Letter Writing to Name Writing in Children With Specific Language Impairment and Typically Developing Children.
44  Alpinia katsumadai
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HI (2 times)
CDN (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2010 In vitro inhibitory activity of Alpinia katsumadai extracts against influenza virus infection and hemagglutination.
45  ancestral karyotype
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2007 Ancestral chromosomal blocks are triplicated in Brassiceae species with varying chromosome number and genome size.
46  angular kyphosis
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
GK (2 times)
KS (2 times)
VCR (2 times)
2009 Posterior vertebral column resection for severe pediatric deformity: minimum two-year follow-up of thirty-five consecutive patients.
47  Antarctic krill
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2019 Effect of dietary Antarctic krill Euphausia superba on the growth performance and nonspecific immunity of red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkia.
48  Aquagenic keratoderma
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
--- 2015 Aquagenic keratoderma treated with tap water iontophoresis.
49  artificial kidney
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
1983 The development of activated carbons with high adsorptive capacity for urea and their influence on the construction of new types of artificial kidney (AK).
50  Abell-Levy-Brodie-Kendall
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
RMP (2 times)
CDC (1 time)
CRMLN (1 time)
2011 Proposed serum cholesterol reference measurement procedure by gas chromatography-isotope dilution mass spectrometry.
51  above knee amputation
(2 times)
Biomechanical Phenomena
(1 time)
BK (2 times)
HR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Outcomes and characteristics of patients undergoing percutaneous angioplasty followed by below-knee or above-knee amputation for peripheral artery disease.
52  acetone-killed
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HK (2 times)
1972 The relative potencies of heat-killed and acetone-killed vaccines against Salmonella typhimurium in mice.
53  acid chrome blue K
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BET (1 time)
CTAB-MC (1 time)
2020 Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide modified magnetic biochar from pine nut shells for efficient removal of acid chrome blue K.
54  adaptive kernel
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
FK (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2009 Home range estimates vary with sample size and methods.
55  aged killer
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Involvement of the T cell antigen receptor and of Lyt-2 in the cytotoxic function of aged killer (AK) T cells.
56  AK-2123
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
HDZ (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1995 Radiosensitizer AK-2123 as modulating agent in the chemotherapy of experimental metastases.
57  Akaushi
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
FA (1 time)
GRASS (1 time)
2021 Influence of beef genotypes on animal performance, carcass traits, meat quality, and sensory characteristics in grazing or feedlot-finished steers.
58  akinetoplastic
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
1992 In vivo assessment of drug sensitivity of African trypanosomes using the akinetoplastic induction test.
59  alternate-site kindling
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
BK (1 time)
2003 Epileptogenesis induced by alternate-site kindling in bilateral hippocampi.
60  Amorphophallus konjac
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CATA (1 time)
1992 [Inhibitory effect of refined Amorphophallus konjac on MNNG-induced lung cancers in mice].
61  Angelica keiskei Koidz
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
EAK (1 time)
Exp. 1 (1 time)
Exp. 2 (1 time)
2012 The effects of Angelica keiskei Koidz on the expression of antioxidant enzymes related to lipid profiles in rats fed a high fat diet.
62  anterior keratectomy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LK (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
PO (1 time)
2004 Matrix metalloproteinase distribution during early corneal wound healing.
63  antikeratin
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
autoAb (1 time)
BL (1 time)
SBL (1 time)
1987 Natural IgM and IgG autoantibodies to epidermal keratins in normal human sera. I: ELISA-titration, immunofluorescence study.
64  apical keratometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
APP (1 time)
BSCVA (1 time)
CDVA (1 time)
2009 Refractive, topographic, tomographic, and aberrometric analysis of keratoconic eyes undergoing corneal cross-linking.
65  asthma knowledge
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
AKT (1 time)
eAEP (1 time)
2016 Medication education program for Indian children with asthma: A feasibility stud.
66  Aujeszky's disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1979 [Immunization against Aujeszky's disease (AK) using inactive vaccines].
67  authoritative knowledge
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
PNDTs (1 time)
2010 Authoritative knowledge, the technological imperative and women's responses to prenatal diagnostic technologies.
68  average keratometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
AL/CR (1 time)
2000 Is intraoperative topography predictive of postoperative topographical changes following refractive surgery?
69  femoral-above-knee
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
ePTFE (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
2006 Randomized comparison of percutaneous Viabahn stent grafts vs prosthetic femoral-popliteal bypass in the treatment of superficial femoral arterial occlusive disease.
70  A. karoo
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2003 Effects of Acacia nilotica and Acacia karoo diets on Haemonchus contortus infection in goats.
71  A. karroo leaf-meal
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2010 Meat quality of Nguni steers supplemented with Acacia karroo leaf-meal.
72  A. karroo leaves
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CL2 (1 time)
CN (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2012 Stress reactivity and its relationship to beef quality in Nguni steers supplemented with Acacia karroo leaves.
73  A. karroo supplemented
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
2013 Effect of Acacia karroo Supplementation on Growth, Ultimate pH, Colour and Cooking Losses of Meat from Indigenous Xhosa Lop-eared Goats.
74  A. kotschyi Boiss. subsp. kotschyi
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TAC (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
2015 Comparative Studies on Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant, Wound Healing and Cytotoxic Activities of Selected Achillea L. Species Growing in Turkey.
75  Aavirai Kudineer
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Biochemical studies on hypoglycemic effect of Aavirai kudineer: a herbal formulation in alloxan diabetic rats.
76  aberrant karyotype
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aCGH (1 time)
AML (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2010 Genomic, immunophenotypic, and NPM1/FLT3 mutational studies on 17 patients with normal karyotype acute myeloid leukemia (AML) followed by aberrant karyotype AML at relapse.
77  ABILHand-Kids questionnaire
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
BITT (1 time)
BoNT-A (1 time)
2015 Effects of botulinum toxin A and/or bimanual task-oriented therapy on upper extremity activities in unilateral Cerebral Palsy: a clinical trial.
78  abortive koilocyte
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASCUS (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2014 Diagnostic algorithm to reflect regressive changes of human papilloma virus in tissue biopsies.
79  above-knee amputation group
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
BK (1 time)
2008 Changes in the activities of daily living (ADL) in relation to the level of amputation of patients undergoing lower extremity amputation for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).
80  above-knee thigh-length
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
GEC (1 time)
VFI (1 time)
2013 Compression stockings significantly improve hemodynamic performance in post-thrombotic syndrome irrespective of class or length.
81  Acanthamoeba castellanii keratitis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
Ct (1 time)
PDAT (1 time)
RB (1 time)
2020 Rose Bengal-Mediated Photodynamic Antimicrobial Treatment of Acanthamoeba Keratitis.
82  Acanthamoeba, known to cause keratitis
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Acanthamoeba T3, T4 and T5 in swimming-pool waters from Southern Brazil.
83  Acanthopanax koreanum
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
PMB (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2003 Characterization of B cell membrane receptors of polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum.
84  Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2016 Ethanolic Extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai Alleviates Alcoholic Liver Damage Combined with a High-Fat Diet in C57BL/6J Mice.
85  accurate knowledge
(1 time)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
ECAC (1 time)
PK (1 time)
1990 Adaptation of the "European Code Against Cancer" (ECAC) to the cultural needs of low income women in Greece: comparative effectiveness of health education approaches.
86  acid treatment coal-series kaolin
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
2019 Enhanced removal performance for Congo red by coal-series kaolin with acid treatment.
87  ackA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AcCoA-S (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ICL (1 time)
2022 Coordinated expression of acetyl CoA synthetase and the ace operon enzymes in Escherichia coli in preparation for adaptation to acetate.
88  Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2013 The anti-arthritic effects of Aconitum vilmorinianum, a folk herbal medicine in Southwestern China.
89  acorn kernel
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IB (1 time)
PD (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2015 Effects of protein intake on rate of growth, protein deposition, and carcass traits of heavy Iberian pigs.
90  acrokeratoderma
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Aquagenic acrokeratoderma due to frequent handwashing during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak.
91  acrokeratoelastoidosis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
FAH (1 time)
2001 Acquired crateriform hyperkeratotic papules of the lower limbs: an unusual variant of acrokeratoelastoidosis of Costa.
92  actinic keratosis lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PCR-SSCP (1 time)
SCCs (1 time)
1994 Analysis of the p53 gene in human precancerous actinic keratosis lesions and squamous cell cancers.
93  activated keratocyte
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PK (1 time)
2015 Predicting Corneal Graft Rejection by Confocal Microscopy.
94  activities related to bending knees
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2018 Exploration of a cultural-adaptation of the EQ-5D for Thai population: A "bolt-on" experiment.
95  acupuncture knife
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
EA (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2014 Effects of acupuncture knife on inflammatory factors and pain in third lumbar vertebrae transverse process syndrome model rats.
96  acute kidney injury
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Critical care of Onco-hematology patients: new therapeutic targets, new complications and new admission policies].
97  adenocarcinoma of the kidney
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PYCR1 (1 time)
2021 Increased PYCR1 mRNA predicts poor prognosis in kidney adenocarcinoma: A study based on TCGA database.
98  Adenylate kinase activity
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
CK-MM (1 time)
1994 Adenylate kinase mimics creatine kinase-MM isoenzyme in a CK isoenzyme electrophoresis assay.
99  adenylate kinase ATP wire
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
PARP-1 (1 time)
2010 Regulation of malignant phenotype and bioenergetics by a pi-electron donor-inducible mitochondrial MgATPase.
100  adenylate kinase from E. coli
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NMPbind (1 time)
2018 Manipulating the Folding Landscape of a Multidomain Protein.