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Abbreviation: AL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
axial length
(1381 times)
Ophthalmology
(933 times)
ACD (427 times)
IOL (211 times)
SE (192 times)
1989 Using the intraocular lens refraction factor to improve refractive prediction accuracy.
acute leukemia
(955 times)
Hematology
(384 times)
ALL (181 times)
AML (172 times)
CR (83 times)
1975 Studies of parents of children with acute leukemia.
ad libitum
(677 times)
Geriatrics
(131 times)
CR (256 times)
DR (133 times)
FR (58 times)
1976 Protein synthesis in zinc deficient rats during tularemia.
anastomotic leakage
(589 times)
General Surgery
(297 times)
OR (48 times)
LAR (47 times)
CI (41 times)
2002 Factors associated with clinically significant anastomotic leakage after large bowel resection: multivariate analysis of 707 patients.
artemether-lumefantrine
(464 times)
Tropical Medicine
(273 times)
ACT (109 times)
ASAQ (65 times)
DP (44 times)
2000 An integrated assessment of the clinical safety of artemether-lumefantrine: a new oral fixed-dose combination antimalarial drug.
amyloidosis
(442 times)
Hematology
(113 times)
MM (51 times)
LC (29 times)
MGUS (27 times)
1982 Primary systemic amyloidosis: resolution of the nephrotic syndrome with melphalan and prednisone.
attachment loss
(252 times)
Dentistry
(213 times)
PD (155 times)
BOP (63 times)
Pi (45 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
allostatic load
(246 times)
Psychiatry
(55 times)
CI (12 times)
NHANES (12 times)
BMI (10 times)
2001 Allostatic load as a marker of cumulative biological risk: MacArthur studies of successful aging.
antennal lobe
(245 times)
Neurology
(104 times)
PNs (54 times)
ORNs (24 times)
LNs (23 times)
1987 GABA-mediated synaptic inhibition of projection neurons in the antennal lobes of the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta.
10  amyloid light-chain
(239 times)
Hematology
(38 times)
AA (14 times)
MM (12 times)
ASCT (11 times)
1990 Primary localized amyloidosis of the nose and paranasal sinuses. A case report with immunohistochemical observations and a review of the literature.
11  assisted living
(186 times)
Geriatrics
(99 times)
LTC (9 times)
NH (9 times)
CI (8 times)
1999 Resident-centered care in assisted living.
12  anterolateral
(157 times)
Orthopedics
(37 times)
PL (50 times)
PM (46 times)
AM (42 times)
1977 Different behavioral responses to L-DOPA after anterolateral or posterolateral hypothalamic injections of 6-hydroxydopamine.
13  attachment level
(119 times)
Dentistry
(105 times)
PD (85 times)
BOP (34 times)
PI (26 times)
1985 The application of a collagen stabilizer to the gingiva of the beagle dog. Effect on ligature-induced periodontal disease.
14  anterior lobe
(91 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
NIL (22 times)
IL (21 times)
POMC (13 times)
1978 Site on inhibition of the spino-bulbo-spinal reflex on stimulation of the anterior lobe of the cerebellum.
15  ad libitum fed
(90 times)
Geriatrics
(29 times)
CR (35 times)
FR (24 times)
NAc (11 times)
1982 Mild zinc deficiency and undernutrition during the prenatal and postnatal periods in rats: effects on weight, food consumption, and brain catecholamine concentrations.
16  active learning
(80 times)
Medical Informatics
(19 times)
ML (6 times)
BCI (4 times)
CNN (4 times)
2010 Peer-facilitated virtual action learning: reflecting on critical incidents during a pediatric clerkship.
17  alginate
(57 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
CS (8 times)
HA (6 times)
CH (4 times)
2005 Characteristics of interpolyelectrolyte complexes of Eudragit E 100 with sodium alginate.
18  annulate lamellae
(50 times)
Cell Biology
(25 times)
ER (10 times)
NPCs (6 times)
NE (5 times)
1975 The dependence of annulate lamellae formation on the nucleus in parthenogenetic rabbit eggs.
19  adductor longus
(45 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
SOL (8 times)
EDL (6 times)
EMG (6 times)
1989 Influence of fiber type and muscle source on Ca2+ sensitivity of rat fibers.
20  arch length
(41 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
ICW (8 times)
IMW (8 times)
LA (5 times)
1978 Angiocardiographic left ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.
21  aseptic loosening
(40 times)
Orthopedics
(18 times)
PJI (9 times)
THA (7 times)
TKA (5 times)
2003 Differential gene expression in the periprosthetic membrane: lubricin as a new possible pathogenetic factor in prosthesis loosening.
22  alkali lignin
(38 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
MWL (6 times)
FTIR (4 times)
CEL (2 times)
2011 Investigation of aggregation and assembly of alkali lignin using iodine as a probe.
23  alendronate
(37 times)
Biomimetics
(4 times)
ALP (6 times)
HA (6 times)
FTIR (3 times)
1999 Evaluation of bone turnover and osteoclastic cytokines in early rheumatoid arthritis treated with alendronate.
24  aminolipid
(33 times)
Microbiology
(33 times)
PE (27 times)
PL (20 times)
DPG (19 times)
2011 Stappia aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.
25  aripiprazole lauroxil
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
LAI (5 times)
PANSS (5 times)
PP (5 times)
2015 Aripiprazole long-acting injectable formulations for schizophrenia: aripiprazole monohydrate and aripiprazole lauroxil.
26  airflow limitation
(26 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(18 times)
COPD (9 times)
FEV1 (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1986 Trapped gas and airflow limitation in children with cystic fibrosis and asthma.
27  alcohol
(23 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
PL (9 times)
AC (5 times)
AS (4 times)
1989 Participation of food antigens in increased polyclonal antibody production induced by alcohol.
28  argininosuccinate lyase
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AS (22 times)
NO (11 times)
iNOS (9 times)
1993 [Molecular basis of urea cycle disorders].
29  albumin
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ALP (3 times)
Am (3 times)
CA (3 times)
1981 Clinical and experimental studies on the profiles of serum proteins in acute hepatic injury.
30  activity level
(19 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
FA (4 times)
DTI (2 times)
AA/AR (1 time)
1993 Prediction of twenty-four-hour energy expenditure in a respiration chamber in smokers and non-smokers.
31  ad lib
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
CR (5 times)
FR (3 times)
DR (2 times)
1985 Effects of intermittent feeding on neurochemical markers in aging rat brain.
32  amyloid
(19 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ATTR (4 times)
LCDD (3 times)
AK (1 time)
1986 Aberrant immunoglobulin synthesis in light chain amyloidosis. Free light chain and light chain fragment production by human bone marrow cells in short-term tissue culture.
33  actual length
(18 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
EL (8 times)
EALs (7 times)
EAL (4 times)
1996 Electronic length measurement using small and large files in enlarged canals.
34  anterior leaflet
(17 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
PL (10 times)
MR (5 times)
MV (3 times)
1987 Abnormal chordal insertion: a cause of mitral valve prolapse.
35  activation loop
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AML (4 times)
ITD (4 times)
FLT3 (3 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of the activation loop of gamma p21-activated kinase (gamma-Pak) and related kinases (MSTs) in normal and stressed neutrophils.
36  action level
(15 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
OSHA (3 times)
PEL (3 times)
RULA (2 times)
1995 NTP Toxicity Studies of Cadmium Oxide (CAS No. 1306-19-0) Administered by Inhalation to F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice.
37  activity limitation
(15 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
PI (3 times)
PR (3 times)
EU-SILC (2 times)
2005 Intimate partner violence among Canadian women with activity limitations.
38  alantolactone
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IAL (7 times)
MEKC (2 times)
SLs (2 times)
2004 Separation and determination of two sesquiterpene lactones in Radix inulae and Liuwei Anxian San by microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography.
39  amyloid immunoglobulin light chain
(14 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ATTR (3 times)
CA (2 times)
11C-PiB (1 time)
2010 Systemic amyloidosis: a challenge for the rheumatologist.
40  amyloidosis, light chain
(14 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AA (2 times)
ATTR (2 times)
11C-PiB (1 time)
2003 A novel tool for detecting amyloid deposits in systemic amyloidosis in vitro and in vivo.
41  alloxan
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
STZ (7 times)
BDNF (2 times)
BP (2 times)
1998 Toxin-induced IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) in the musk shrew.
42  amygdala
(13 times)
Brain
(6 times)
PIN (3 times)
PHA-L (2 times)
PO (2 times)
1977 [Hemodynamics during combined nociceptive stimulation and stimulation of the amygdaloid complex following treatment of the sensomotor cortex].
43  annular ligament
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LUCL (3 times)
RCL (3 times)
LCLC (2 times)
1995 [Anatomical study of the ligaments in the occipito-atlantoaxial complex].
44  alfalfa
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
DM (2 times)
NDF (2 times)
OG (2 times)
1988 Dietary fibre and the mouse colon: its influence on luminal pH, reducing activity and bile acid binding.
45  alimentary limb
(12 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
BPL (5 times)
RYGB (5 times)
CC (3 times)
2011 The biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPDDS): how is it optimally performed?
46  allopurinol
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
WB (3 times)
LIU (2 times)
1991 Kinetics of allopurinol and its metabolite oxypurinol after oral administration of allopurinol alone or associated with benzbromarone in man. Simultaneous assay of hypoxanthine and xanthine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
47  Ascaris lumbricoides
(12 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
Tt (4 times)
Df (2 times)
STH (2 times)
1984 Incidence of helminthic infections and comparative study of pyrantel pamoate with levamisole and mebendazole in hospital patients at Barisal, Bangladesh.
48  Alabama
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
US (3 times)
CA (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1985 Comparison of lipid binding and kinetic properties of normal, variant, and gamma-carboxyglutamic acid modified human factor IX and factor IXa.
49  Alentejano
(11 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
BI (5 times)
DSF (3 times)
BA (2 times)
2008 Genetic diversity in native and commercial breeds of pigs in Portugal assessed by microsatellites.
50  amyotrophic leukospongiosis
(11 times)
Virology
(5 times)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1987 [Epidemiological research in amyotrophic leukospongiosis].
51  Andersson lesion
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AS (5 times)
VAS (3 times)
ASIA (2 times)
2010 Discovertebral (Andersson) lesions in severe ankylosing spondylitis: a study using MRI and conventional radiography.
52  argon laser
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
APF (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1986 Colonic mucosal dissection following electrocautery or laser polypectomy.
53  ad lib fed
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CR (5 times)
PF (3 times)
Con A (1 time)
1978 Hyperlipoproteinemia in experimental chronic renal insufficiency in the rat.
54  aerated lagoon
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AS (6 times)
OLR (3 times)
WWTPs (3 times)
2002 Examination for intestinal parasites and enteric bacteria in the wastewater and treated wastewater from the city of Chiang Mai, Thailand.
55  aleukemic
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BLV (10 times)
PL (7 times)
PD-L1 (3 times)
1988 Molecular studies of T-lymphocytes from cattle infected with bovine leukemia virus.
56  aluminium lactate
(10 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
PVNO (3 times)
BAL (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
1978 The effect of a single oral dose of nonprotein nitrogen from various sources on amino acid concentrations in the plasma and liver of the chick.
57  arterial line
(10 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
PPG (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
2002 Convective and diffusive losses of vitamin C during haemodiafiltration session: a contributive factor to oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients.
58  Ablowitz-Ladik
(9 times)
Physics
(7 times)
DNLS (2 times)
NLSE (2 times)
DRW (1 time)
2003 Two-soliton collisions in a near-integrable lattice system.
59  alcoholics
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
KS (4 times)
CH (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1991 Hepatitis C virus infection in patients with chronic liver diseases.
60  anatomical landmarks
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
IJV (3 times)
US (2 times)
USG (2 times)
1999 Pelvis and lower limb anatomical landmark calibration precision and its propagation to bone geometry and joint angles.
61  Angioleiomyoma
(9 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
PL (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
ERs (1 time)
2012 Angioleiomyoma of the oral cavity extended to submandibular space; an unusual tumor in an unusual deep-seated space: a case report.
62  aristolactam
(9 times)
Science
(2 times)
AA (6 times)
AAN (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
2007 Aristolochic acid and the etiology of endemic (Balkan) nephropathy.
63  artelinic acid
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
AE (3 times)
AM (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1998 The pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of dihydroartemisinin, arteether, artemether, artesunic acid and artelinic acid in rats.
64  artificial lung
(9 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
NL (2 times)
ACB (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1995 Long-term cardiopulmonary support with a composite artificial heart-lung system.
65  atherosclerotic lesions
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1987 The lesional state vector: a new approach to characterize atherosclerotic lesions.
66  atypical lymphocytes
(9 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ATL (2 times)
B-CLL (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 [Morphological and immunofluorescent studies of the leukocytes in blood smears in hepatitis A and B and chronic liver diseases].
67  augmented Lagrangian
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
ADMM (3 times)
CT (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2010 Parallel MR image reconstruction using augmented Lagrangian methods.
68  axial eye length
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ACD (3 times)
ACV (2 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1999 Prediction of pseudophakic capsular bag diameter based on biometric variables.
69  active layer
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ITO (2 times)
PCE (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Spectral aspects of cavity tuned absorption in organic photovoltaic films.
70  ad libitum feeding
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HSP (3 times)
CORT (2 times)
APP (1 time)
1990 Immunodeficiency as primary phenotype of diabetes mutation db. Studies with coxsackievirus B4.
71  ad libitum group
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
SCR (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
1979 The effect of vitamin A deficiency on the in vitro cellular immune response of rats.
72  adolescence-limited
(8 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
LCP (8 times)
LO (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2003 Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: a descriptive and developmental perspective.
73  alexithymia
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
HIV (3 times)
AN (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1999 Construct validity of the Sivik Psychosomaticism Test and test of operational style: correlations with four Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) subscales.
74  associative learning
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2002 Selectively impaired associative learning in older people with cognitive decline.
75  authentic leadership
(8 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
ALI (1 time)
i.e., PE (1 time)
LPNs (1 time)
2015 Authentic leadership, group cohesion and group identification in security and emergency teams.
76  ad libitum access to feed
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BAT (1 time)
BWM (1 time)
CER (1 time)
1992 Growth and carcass characteristics of pigs selected for fast or slow gain in relation to feed intake and efficiency.
77  Alagoas
(7 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
SE (3 times)
BA (2 times)
PE (2 times)
2004 Aedes aegypti resistance to temephos during 2001 in several municipalities in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe, and Alagoas, Brazil.
78  aldosterone
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AII (1 time)
ALAM (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1978 [Microdetermination of corticosteroids in adrenocortical zones in various adrenal diseases (author's transl)].
79  altitude
(7 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
SL (3 times)
GL (2 times)
NAL (2 times)
1988 Acute altitude exposure and altered acid-base states. I. Effects on the exercise ventilation and blood lactate responses.
80  amyloid light chain amyloidosis
(7 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CMR (2 times)
FISH (2 times)
ATTR (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of the cytogenetic aberration pattern in amyloid light chain amyloidosis as compared with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance reveals common pathways of karyotypic instability.
81  Atractylodes lancea
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
AITC (1 time)
2016 [Comparison of anti-inflammatory activity between crude Atractylodes lancea and their processed products by stir-baking with bran in rat models of gastric ulcer].
82  attenuation lengths
(7 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
UWOC (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CSs (1 time)
1993 Development and testing of a synchronous-scanning underwater imaging system capable of rapid two-dimensional frame imaging.
83  axillary lymphadenectomy
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
SLNB (2 times)
SN (2 times)
AWS (1 time)
2005 [Sentinel node in the surgical treatment of the breast cancer. Technique and clinical experience].
84  actinic light
(6 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
PSI (2 times)
PSII (2 times)
Chl (1 time)
2007 Analysis of donors of electrons to photosystem I and cyclic electron flow by redox kinetics of P700 in chloroplasts of isolated bundle sheath strands of maize.
85  action limit
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
ACGIH (3 times)
CTS (3 times)
TLV (3 times)
1990 The relationship between isometric strength of Cantonese males and the US NIOSH guide for manual lifting.
86  air leaks
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
ARDS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2000 Air leaks from the respiratory tract in mechanically ventilated children with severe respiratory disease.
87  aleurone layer
(6 times)
Botany
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
BETL (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2015 Proteome evolution of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) aleurone layer at fifteen stages of grain development.
88  Alexander's law
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SN (2 times)
GEN (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2007 Alexander's law in patients with acute vestibular tone asymmetry--evidence for multiple horizontal neural integrators.
89  Alfin-like
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ABA (1 time)
AL2 (1 time)
BPTF (1 time)
2009 Arabidopsis ING and Alfin1-like protein families localize to the nucleus and bind to H3K4me3/2 via plant homeodomain fingers.
90  alginate lyase
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ALG (2 times)
HMP (2 times)
CAC (1 time)
2002 Preparation and properties of alginate lyase modified with poly(ethylene glycol).
91  alperujo
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CM (1 time)
GI (1 time)
SMART (1 time)
2003 Agrochemical characterisation of "alperujo", a solid by-product of the two-phase centrifugation method for olive oil extraction.
92  alprazolam
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HPA (2 times)
BDZ (1 time)
BZDs (1 time)
1989 Effects of 1 week administration of two benzodiazepines on the sleep and early daytime performance of normal subjects.
93  alveolar lymphocytes
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BAL (4 times)
ILD (3 times)
AM (2 times)
1984 Alveolar lymphocytes in the follow-up of sarcoidosis.
94  amyloid L
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AA (5 times)
AP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1982 Familial renal amyloidosis: case reports and genetic studies.
95  ApneaLink
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
PSG (4 times)
AHI (3 times)
OSA (3 times)
2009 Validation of a portable recording device (ApneaLink) for identifying patients with suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome.
96  Avian leukosis
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ALV (4 times)
MD (2 times)
DIA (1 time)
2006 The presence of a short form of p53 in chicken lymphoblastoid cell lines during apoptosis.
97  accessory ligament
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DDFT (3 times)
DDF (2 times)
SDF (2 times)
1993 Sonographic brightness of the flexor tendons and ligaments in the metacarpal region of horses.
98  acetolactate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AHB (4 times)
AHAS (2 times)
2-KB (1 time)
1987 Physiological implications of the specificity of acetohydroxy acid synthase isozymes of enteric bacteria.
99  acid lipase
(5 times)
Food Technology
(1 time)
NL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1976 Neonatal argininosuccinic aciduria with normal brain and kidney but absent liver argininosuccinate lyase activity.
100  adaptation level
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
RFE (1 time)
1972 Adaptation-level theory, anchor theory, and the peak-shift phenomenon.