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Abbreviation: ALR
Appearance Frequency: 376 time(s)
Long forms: 95

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
augmenter of liver regeneration
(130 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
I/R (9 times)
rhALR (7 times)
AKI (6 times)
1994 Cloning and sequence analysis of the rat augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) gene: expression of biologically active recombinant ALR and demonstration of tissue distribution.
autophagic lysosome reformation
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
PtdIns4P (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2011 Spinster is required for autophagic lysosome reformation and mTOR reactivation following starvation.
airlift reactor
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
ALPR (2 times)
CSTR (2 times)
DCM (2 times)
2002 A comparative evaluation of Cephalosporin C production using various immobilization modes.
aldose reductase
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
DR (7 times)
DM (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
2004 Aldose reductase gene polymorphisms and peripheral nerve function in patients with type 2 diabetes.
aldehyde reductase
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AR (4 times)
3-DG (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1981 Increase of low-Km NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase activity in the brain by chronic treatment of rats with barbital.
anatomic lung resection
(10 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
HCC (2 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
CDT (1 time)
2014 Anatomical Liver Resections Guided by 3-Dimensional Parenchymal Staining Using Fusion Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging.
ammonia loading rate
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
HRT (4 times)
ANFIS (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
2006 The effect of landfill leachate composition on organics and nitrogen removal in an activated sludge system with bentonite additive.
AIM2-like receptor
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
NLR (3 times)
NLRs (2 times)
PRRs (2 times)
2012 Extensive evolutionary and functional diversity among mammalian AIM2-like receptors.
alternating logistic regression
(7 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
OR (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
GEEs (1 time)
2000 Use of alternating logistic regression in studies of drug-use clustering.
10  Active Living Research
(6 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
--- 2009 The Active Living Research program: six years of grantmaking.
11  adiponectin/leptin ratio
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
Adipo-IRi (1 time)
2012 Metformin in obese children and adolescents: the MOCA trial.
12  arteriolipidosis-prone rats
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
SHR (2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1977 Selection of arteriolipidosis-prone rats (ALR) [proceedings].
13  alloxan-resistant
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2005 Major histocompatibility complex-linked diabetes susceptibility in NOD/Lt mice: subcongenic analysis localizes a component of Idd16 at the H2-D end of the diabetogenic H2(g7) complex.
14  annular ligament reconstruction
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
UO (2 times)
CLAI (1 time)
MEPS (1 time)
2012 Indirect reduction of the radial head in children with chronic Monteggia lesions.
15  ASA low response
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ASA (2 times)
CLR (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
2011 Tailored antiplatelet therapy can overcome clopidogrel and aspirin resistance--the BOchum CLopidogrel and Aspirin Plan (BOCLA-Plan) to improve antiplatelet therapy.
16  auditory late response
(5 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ASEPs (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2009 Neurofeedback by neural correlates of auditory selective attention as possible application for tinnitus therapies.
17  administrative license revocation
(4 times)
Accidents, Traffic
(3 times)
BAC (2 times)
FARS (2 times)
ARIMA (1 time)
1997 Effects of administrative license revocation on employment.
18  anterior lamellar recession
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PLTR (1 time)
PTT (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2015 Short term outcome of anterior lamellar reposition in treating trachomatous trichiasis.
19  anterolateral reconstruction
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
ACLR (1 time)
2011 Biomechanical evaluation of an anatomic double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
20  adrenal to liver ratio
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
2014 Prognostic value of semiquantification NP-59 SPECT/CT in primary aldosteronism patients after adrenalectomy.
21  Aspartate-Less Receiver
(3 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(2 times)
Asp (1 time)
REC (1 time)
2015 The aspartate-less receiver (ALR) domains: distribution, structure and function.
22  acute late rejection episodes
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1998 [The treatment and prognosis of acute late rejection after kidney transplantation].
23  Acute liver rejection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
2014 Role of cytokine profile in the differential diagnosis between acute lung rejection and pulmonary infections after lung transplantation†.
24  age at last reproduction
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AFR (2 times)
2006 Quantitative genetics of age at reproduction in wild swans: support for antagonistic pleiotropy models of senescence.
25  airlift
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
COD (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2014 Effects of hydraulic retention time and nitrobenzene concentration on the performance of sequential upflow anaerobic filter and air lift reactors in treating nitrobenzene-containing wastewater.
26  alloxan-induced diabetes-resistant
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ALS (2 times)
ICR (1 time)
1990 Genetic profile of alloxan-induced diabetes-susceptible mice (ALS) and-resistant mice (ALR).
27  ALP-to-lymphocyte ratio
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2018 A new laboratory-based algorithm to predict microvascular invasion and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
28  ammonium loading rate
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
ILR (1 time)
NOB (1 time)
2017 Effect of Free Ammonia, Free Nitrous Acid, and Alkalinity on the Partial Nitrification of Pretreated Pig Slurry, Using an Alternating Oxic/Anoxic SBR.
29  Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
GIM (1 time)
2016 Chemical profiling and adulteration screening of Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation infrared (2D-IR) spectroscopy.
30  automated landmark recognition
(2 times)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
--- 2021 Development of intra-oral automated landmark recognition (ALR) for dental and occlusal outcome measurements.
31  absolute value of LR
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
MAX (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
2021 Revealing New Candidate Genes for Teat Number Relevant Traits in Duroc Pigs Using Genome-Wide Association Studies.
32  accelerated rejection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2014 Imbalance of different types of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T cells in renal transplant recipients.
33  access to literacy resources
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
HLE (1 time)
PT (1 time)
SBR (1 time)
2020 Home Literacy Environment and Early Literacy Development Across Languages Varying in Orthographic Consistency.
34  accessory lateral rectus
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EOMs (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2007 Horizontal rectus muscle anatomy in naturally and artificially strabismic monkeys.
35  Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
mBMMSCs (1 time)
2013 Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix Activates the Proliferation of Mouse Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Induces Osteogenic Lineage Differentiation through the Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2/Smad-Dependent Runx2 Pathway.
36  Aconiti Laterlis Radix
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
2012 Enhancement by Glycyrrhizae Radix of hepatic metabolism of hypaconitine, a major bioactive and toxic component of Aconiti Laterlis Radix, evaluated by HPLC-TQ-MS/MS analysis.
37  acquired lapatinib resistance
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
KEGG (1 time)
2015 Identification of novel therapeutic target genes in acquired lapatinib-resistant breast cancer by integrative meta-analysis.
38  acquired resistance to lapatinib
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GEO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
KEGG (1 time)
2020 Screening and Identification of Key Biomarkers in Acquired Lapatinib-Resistant Breast Cancer.
39  active leg raising
(1 time)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
cPM (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2018 Effect of psoas major pre-activation on electromyographic activity of the abdominal muscles and pelvic rotation during active leg raising.
40  active lymphocytic response
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IP-10 (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2002 RANTES expression is a predictor of survival in stage I lung adenocarcinoma.
41  acute leukemoid reaction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2020 Rapid exacerbation featuring acute leukemoid reaction after retrolaparoscopic nephrectomy: a rare case report of renal cell carcinoma with postoperative comprehensive genomic profiling.
42  acute lower respiratory infections
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Indoor air pollution exposure and lower respiratory infections in young Gambian children.
43  adaptive learning rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
RBFs (1 time)
2010 Stable modeling based control methods using a new RBF network.
44  adaptive linear regression
(1 time)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(1 time)
--- 2015 Adaptive Linear Regression for Appearance-Based Gaze Estimation.
45  adiponectin, leptin, and resistin
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2016 Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome - adipokine levels and effect of drugs.
46  adult literacy rate
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EMR (1 time)
HDI (1 time)
U5MR (1 time)
2008 Temporal variations of health indicators in Iran comparing with other Eastern Mediterranean Region countries in the last two decades.
47  Adult liver recipients
(1 time)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
LT (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Risk factors and outcomes of pyogenic liver abscess in adult liver recipients: a matched case-control study.
48  Aged LR
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
2012 The follicular hormonal profile in low-responder patients undergoing unstimulated cycles: Is it hypoandrogenic?
49  air-lift bioreactor
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
MCB (1 time)
2014 Air-lift reactor system for the treatment of waste-gas-containing monochlorobenzene.
50  air-lift column reactor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Beta-glucan production by Botryosphaeria rhodina in different bench-top bioreactors.
51  air-liquid ratio
(1 time)
--- 2020 Improved Atomization via a Mechanical Atomizer with Optimal Geometric Parameters and an Air-Assisted Component.
52  airlift internal loop reactor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
2014 Enhancement of nuclease P1 production by Penicillium citrinum YL104 immobilized on activated carbon filter sponge.
53  AL for regression
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2018 Pool-Based Sequential Active Learning for Regression.
54  alarms
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ARV (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2006 Sustained benefit from a long-term antiretroviral adherence intervention. Results of a large randomized clinical trial.
55  albumin-to- lymphocyte ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
FLR (1 time)
2019 Clinical Significance of Serum CA125, CA19-9, CA72-4, and Fibrinogen-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Gastric Cancer With Peritoneal Dissemination.
56  aldehyde reductase gene
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Cloning of the aldehyde reductase gene from a red yeast, Sporobolomyces salmonicolor, and characterization of the gene and its product.
57  aldose reductase inhibitory
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and biological evaluation of new epalrestat analogues as aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs).
58  aldose reductase-encoding gene
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
1991 Characterization of the aldose reductase-encoding gene family in rat.
59  allergic
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
AHTR (1 time)
ANR (1 time)
2014 Supportive transfusion therapy in cancer patients with acquired defects of hemostasis.
60  allergic-like reaction
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
NIVC (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
2018 "Allergic-like" reaction risk in patients undergoing non-intravenous contrast urography.
61  aloe-peel-residue
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
AcoD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2021 Static-magnetic-field coupled with fly-ash accelerant: A powerful strategy to significantly enhance the mesophilic anaerobic-co-digestion.
62  ALT ratio
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
2021 Serum alanine aminotransferase as an early marker of outcomes in patients receiving anti-PD-1 or anti-CTLA-4 antibody.
63  altitudinal lapse rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LM (1 time)
QL (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2020 Responses of sedimentary delta2Halk values to environmental changes as revealed by different plant responses to altitude and altitude-related temperatures.
64  alveolar crest level
(1 time)
Periodontal Diseases
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
H-NHA (1 time)
2021 Clinicoradiographic evaluation of hyaluronan-nano hydroxyapatite composite graft in the management of periodontal infrabony defects.
65  amalgam lichenoid reaction
(1 time)
Mouth Diseases
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
OLP (1 time)
2016 CD1a+ dendritic cells in oral lichen planus and amalgam lichenoid reaction.
66  ambient light rejection
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ASIC (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2021 Ambient Light Rejection Integrated Circuit for Autonomous Adaptation on a Sub-Retinal Prosthetic System.
67  ammoniacal nitrogen loading rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
A. africanus (1 time)
VSSFs (1 time)
2018 Influence of Agapanthus africanus on nitrification in a vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland.
68  anaerobic landfill sites with leachate recirculation
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BDM (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
2011 Influence of semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfill operation with leachate recirculation on stabilization processes.
69  anatomic ligament repair
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IKDC (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2015 Surgical Treatment of Acute Grade III Medial Collateral Ligament Injury Combined With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Anatomic Ligament Repair Versus Triangular Ligament Reconstruction.
70  anatomical landmark registration
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
CAESS (1 time)
SR (1 time)
TRE (1 time)
2010 [A comparison between anatomical landmark registration and surface registration for computer-assisted endoscopic sinus surgery].
71  anchorage loss right
(1 time)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2019 Does anchorage loss differ with 0.018-inch and 0.022-inch slot bracket systems?
72  annular ligament
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2019 A new approach for surgical treatment of chronic Monteggia fracture in children.
73  antenna-lattice resonances
(1 time)
--- 2021 Infrared Open Cavities for Strong Vibrational Coupling.
74  anterior lens radius
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CLT (1 time)
CMA (1 time)
2017 Semiautomatic procedure to assess changes in the eye accommodative system.
75  anterior longitudinal ligament
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2013 Early outcomes of minimally invasive anterior longitudinal ligament release for correction of sagittal imbalance in patients with adult spinal deformity.
76  anterior lumbosacral radiculopathy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2009 Critical illness polyneuropathy: a rare but serious adverse event in pediatric oncology.
77  ape language research
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2003 The emergence of a new paradigm in ape language research.
78  approximate likelihood ratio
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2002 Accurate critical constants for the one-sided approximate likelihood ratio test of a normal mean vector when the covariance matrix is estimated.
79  arm/leg raise
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2014 Trunk muscle activation during different quadruped stabilization exercises in individuals with chronic low back pain.
80  assisted laparoscopic resection
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DLR (1 time)
1997 Elective laparoscopic-assisted sigmoid resection for diverticular disease.
81  assisted living residence
(1 time)
Long-Term Care
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2016 Prevalence and Medication Management of Dementia by a Medical Practice Providing Onsite Care in Assisted Living.
82  asymptomatic low risk
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
CVF (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2016 Identifying metabolite markers for preterm birth in cervicovaginal fluid by magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
83  atomic layer reduction
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ALO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2019 Linear control of the oxidation level on graphene oxide sheets using the cyclic atomic layer reduction technique.
84  ATP-linked respiration
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2019 Variations in Mitochondrial Respiration Differ in IL-1ss/IL-10 Ratio Based Subgroups in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
85  attachment loss rate
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2005 Clinical parameters associated with success and failure of single-tooth titanium plasma-sprayed cylindric implants under stricter criteria: a 5-year retrospective study.
86  Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2005 Expression of the sulfhydryl oxidase ALR (Augmenter of Liver Regeneration) in adult rat brain.
87  autophagic lysosomal regeneration
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MNF (1 time)
2019 Single-molecule in vitro reconstitution assay for kinesin-1-driven membrane dynamics.
88  autoregressive logistic regression
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
BOFCs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2017 An autoregressive logistic model to predict the reciprocal effects of oviductal fluid components on in vitro spermophagy by neutrophils in cattle.
89  average length of roots
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARN (1 time)
2018 Morphotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity of pendimethalin in the test plant Allium cepa L. - A biomarker based study.
90  average log reduction
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2015 Microbial removals by a novel biofilter water treatment system.
91  axillary recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALND (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
BRT (1 time)
2013 Trade-offs associated with axillary lymph node dissection with breast irradiation versus breast irradiation alone in patients with a positive sentinel node in relation to the risk of non-sentinel node involvement: implications of ACOSOG Z0011.
92  Axis-line Representation and Regression
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2021 Pedestrian Detection by Novel Axis-Line Representation and Regression Pattern.
93  locoregional anesthetics
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Facial locoregional anesthetics: principles and precautions].
94  max liver ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic performance of unenhanced computed tomography and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in indeterminate adrenal tumours.
95  surface loading rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
SFCW (1 time)
2011 [Treatment of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene in wastewater by using horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands].