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Abbreviation: AM
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Long forms: 1283

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
alveolar macrophages
(2114 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(446 times)
BAL (239 times)
LPS (206 times)
TNF-alpha (116 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
arbuscular mycorrhizal
(2111 times)
Botany
(958 times)
ECM (80 times)
AMF (69 times)
EM (45 times)
1993 Acquisition of nitrogen by external hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Zea mays L.
adrenomedullin
(1197 times)
Biochemistry
(264 times)
CGRP (148 times)
CRLR (74 times)
RAMP (67 times)
1986 Internalization and lysosomal association of [125I]angiotensin II in norepinephrine-containing cells of the rat adrenal medulla.
additive manufacturing
(1051 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(168 times)
SLM (73 times)
FDM (61 times)
FFF (43 times)
2010 Next-generation biomedical implants using additive manufacturing of complex, cellular and functional mesh arrays.
amplitude modulation
(639 times)
Audiology
(222 times)
FM (118 times)
ASSR (24 times)
PM (22 times)
1975 [Selective sensitivity of hearing to amplitude modulation of speech in man].
amniotic membrane
(556 times)
Ophthalmology
(198 times)
AMT (40 times)
LSCD (31 times)
MSCs (27 times)
1991 A new biological membrane for pericardial closure.
anteromedial
(399 times)
Orthopedics
(146 times)
ACL (249 times)
PL (231 times)
AL (45 times)
1982 Some attentional effects of unilateral frontal lesions in the rat.
acrylamide
(323 times)
Chemistry
(52 times)
FTIR (49 times)
AA (47 times)
SEM (45 times)
1985 Direct alkylation of 2'-deoxynucleosides and DNA following in vitro reaction with acrylamide.
autobiographical memory
(199 times)
Psychology
(79 times)
fMRI (13 times)
MDD (9 times)
ToM (9 times)
1993 Autobiographical memory in depression: state or trait marker?
10  amygdala
(138 times)
Brain
(69 times)
HP (12 times)
AD (11 times)
HIPP (10 times)
1975 Hippocampal seizure and secondary epileptogenesis in the "kindled" cat preparations.
11  Astragalus membranaceus
(122 times)
Complementary Therapies
(46 times)
APS (7 times)
AS (7 times)
SOD (6 times)
1989 [Effect of Astragalus membranaceus on electrical activities of coxsackie B-2 virus-infected rat myocardial cells in culture].
12  amiodarone
(101 times)
Pharmacology
(41 times)
DEA (19 times)
AIPT (8 times)
APD (6 times)
1984 [Antiarrhythmic effect and side effects of amiodarone].
13  acetoxymethyl ester
(92 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
BAPTA (10 times)
P-gp (5 times)
PKC (4 times)
1988 Effect of peritubular [Ca] or ionomycin on hydrosmotic response of CCTs to ADH or cAMP.
14  antimicrobial
(77 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
AMR (13 times)
AMU (9 times)
MIC (3 times)
1989 [Use of aminopenicillins: first cause of error in the prescription of antimicrobial agents at a hospital].
15  acetoxymethyl
(76 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
ER (4 times)
Ca (3 times)
BAPTA (2 times)
1991 Toxicity to isolated hepatocytes caused by the intracellular calcium indicator, Quin 2.
16  aseptic meningitis
(72 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CSF (37 times)
BM (16 times)
MS (7 times)
1980 Active and total T cells in blood and cerebrospinal fluid during the course of aseptic meningitis.
17  acral melanoma
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
OS (12 times)
CM (7 times)
MM (7 times)
1982 Acral lentiginous melanoma. A clinicopathologic entity.
18  amphetamine
(69 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
MA (35 times)
MDA (17 times)
MDMA (14 times)
1980 Effects of psychotropic drugs on FI responding and adjunctive drinking in rats.
19  arithmetic mean
(65 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
GM (33 times)
GSD (5 times)
SD (5 times)
1977 Organochlorine insecticide residues in field soils of the Kitakyushu district--Japan 1970-74.
20  ampicillin
(61 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
TE (11 times)
CIP (9 times)
Cm (9 times)
1971 Characteristics of antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli from animals: relationship to veterinary and management uses of antimicrobial agents.
21  acute mastoiditis
(55 times)
Otolaryngology
(30 times)
AOM (18 times)
CT (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1998 Acute mastoidectomy in a Danish county from 1977 to 1996 with focus on the bacteriology.
22  antemortem
(55 times)
Jurisprudence
(33 times)
PM (45 times)
DVI (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
23  acute myocarditis
(53 times)
Cardiology
(32 times)
CMR (19 times)
LGE (13 times)
LV (8 times)
1999 Stress signal to survival and apoptosis.
24  amylose
(51 times)
Carbohydrates
(14 times)
AP (23 times)
DP (4 times)
RS (4 times)
1989 Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma versus serous papillary adenocarcinoma. A histochemical and immunohistochemical comparison.
25  ameloblastoma
(50 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
OKC (11 times)
AC (7 times)
AOT (6 times)
2007 Desmoplastic ameloblastoma in the maxilla: a case report and review of literature.
26  apparent motion
(48 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
ISI (3 times)
MEG (3 times)
ISIs (2 times)
1981 Intensity, spatial frequency, and temporal frequency determinants of apparent motion: Korte revisited.
27  adenomyosis
(46 times)
Gynecology
(7 times)
EM (5 times)
KEGG (5 times)
PPI (5 times)
2005 [Combination of uterine adenomyosis with leiomyoma].
28  adhesion molecules
(45 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CNS (7 times)
CSF (6 times)
MS (6 times)
1993 Semen samples with teratozoospermia show a lower percentage of spermatozoa with detectable adhesion molecules (AM).
29  association mapping
(45 times)
Genetics
(15 times)
LD (13 times)
QTL (13 times)
MLM (12 times)
2008 Association mapping of yellow pigment in an elite collection of durum wheat cultivars and breeding lines.
30  adriamycin
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DM (7 times)
5-FU (2 times)
ADCC (2 times)
1975 Adriamycin-induced chromosome aberrations in human fibroblasts.
31  atypical myopathy
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
HGA (10 times)
MCPA (6 times)
MADD (4 times)
2007 Concurrent atypical myopathy and equine dysautonomia in two horses.
32  air mass
(33 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
PCE (5 times)
DSSCs (4 times)
CuI (2 times)
2005 Charge separation and efficient light energy conversion in sensitized mesoscopic solar cells based on binary ionic liquids.
33  angular momentum
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
OAM (3 times)
SAM (2 times)
SPP (2 times)
2006 Exit routes from the transition state: Angular momentum constraints on the formation of products.
34  activity monitor
(32 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
PA (4 times)
PD (4 times)
CP (2 times)
1998 Ambulatory accelerometry to quantify motor behaviour in patients after failed back surgery: a validation study.
35  anthroposophic medicine
(32 times)
Complementary Therapies
(19 times)
CAM (5 times)
CON (3 times)
PGMT (3 times)
2004 Anthroposophic therapies in chronic disease: the Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes Study (AMOS).
36  ablative margin
(31 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
HCC (16 times)
LTP (13 times)
RFA (13 times)
2009 Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: determination of ablative margin at MR imaging with impaired clearance of ferucarbotran--feasibility study.
37  atypical meningioma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
GTR (12 times)
OS (10 times)
PFS (10 times)
2005 Atypical molecular background of glioblastoma and meningioma developed in a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
38  amlodipine
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AT (4 times)
AZ (3 times)
BP (3 times)
1993 Comparative evaluation of the antihypertensive efficacy of once-daily amlodipine versus nitrendipine with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in essential hypertension.
39  actomyosin
(26 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (3 times)
ATP (2 times)
BDM (2 times)
1975 [Physico-chemical and enzymatic properties of contractile protein of rat liver mitochondria].
40  adductor magnus
(26 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
EMG (5 times)
RF (5 times)
SL (5 times)
1985 Effects of (+)-propranolol on intracellular mechanisms of contraction in striated muscle of the rabbit.
41  adrenal metastases
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HCC (5 times)
RFA (5 times)
CT (3 times)
2004 [Metastases from renal tumor to adrenals].
42  age-matched
(24 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(7 times)
SLI (8 times)
LM (6 times)
SS (3 times)
1985 Mucin depletion in the intestine of malnourished rats.
43  active metabolite
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
LD (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
2007 The greater in vivo antiplatelet effects of prasugrel as compared to clopidogrel reflect more efficient generation of its active metabolite with similar antiplatelet activity to that of clopidogrel's active metabolite.
44  alternative medicine
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1987 Toward a comprehensive evaluation of alternative medicine.
45  amaranth
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
QU (3 times)
AR (2 times)
BCG (2 times)
1979 Effect of sodium taurocholate on hepatic uptake and biliary excretion of organic anions in rats.
46  amplitude
(22 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FM (5 times)
EEG (2 times)
LM (2 times)
1986 Practical aspects of ghosting in resistive nuclear magnetic resonance imaging systems.
47  aseptic meningoencephalitis
(22 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CSF (17 times)
MS (17 times)
MNC (6 times)
1977 Meningoencephalitis due to Acanthamoeba SP. Pathogenesis and clinico-pathological study.
48  allyl mercaptan
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
DADS (10 times)
AMS (6 times)
DAS (5 times)
1994 Enhancing effects of organosulfur compounds from garlic and onions on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats: association with increased cell proliferation and elevated ornithine decarboxylase activity.
49  arabinomannan
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
LAM (9 times)
TB (8 times)
mAbs (3 times)
1981 Demonstration of antibodies reacting with different determinants on Mycobacterium leprae antigen 7.
50  artemether
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AE (7 times)
AL (5 times)
DHA (5 times)
1994 Fatal neurotoxicity of arteether and artemether.
51  antimalarials
(20 times)
Rheumatology
(15 times)
SLE (13 times)
AMIC (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2000 Effect of antimalarial agents on the fasting lipid profile in systemic lupus erythematosus.
52  associative memory
(20 times)
Brain
(4 times)
tACS (4 times)
tDCS (3 times)
IM (2 times)
1992 [Attention and associative memory in patients with sequelae of ischemic stroke].
53  adaptive management
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
BNs (1 time)
CBA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Is active management always necessary?
54  amygdaloid
(19 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
AD (3 times)
ir-TRH (3 times)
TRH (3 times)
1976 A study of psychomotor epilepsy with "kindled" cat preparations.
55  appendiceal mucocele
(19 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CT (2 times)
AJCC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1994 [Appendiceal mucoceles. Pathophysiology and therapeutic indications].
56  anteromedial nucleus
(18 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AV (7 times)
HRP (5 times)
AD (4 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
57  abdominal myomectomy
(17 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
LM (10 times)
RALM (4 times)
EBL (3 times)
2004 A retrospective multicentre study comparing myomectomy by laparoscopy and laparotomy in current surgical practice. What are the best patient selection criteria?
58  alpine meadow
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AS (11 times)
CF (4 times)
EBF (4 times)
2013 Temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon mineralization along an elevation gradient in the Wuyi Mountains, China.
59  alpha-mangostin
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
TAA (2 times)
AK (1 time)
2012 Application of NIR spectroscopy for the quality control of mangosteen pericarp powder: quantitative analysis of alpha-mangostin in mangosteen pericarp powder and capsule.
60  amikacin
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
EMB (7 times)
OFX (5 times)
SM (5 times)
1989 Potentiated nephrotoxicity of cisplatin when combined with amikacin comparing young and adult rats.
61  avoidable mortality
(16 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
IMC (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
ASDRs (1 time)
1996 [Geographic distribution of avoidable mortality in the community of Valencia (1975-1990)].
62  airway macrophages
(15 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
PM (5 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2002 Involvement of microbial components and toll-like receptors 2 and 4 in cytokine responses to air pollution particles.
63  amalgam
(15 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
GI (4 times)
RC (4 times)
CBCT (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
64  amide
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AA (8 times)
AC (3 times)
Es (2 times)
1983 Acenocoumarol and its amino and acetamido metabolites. Comparative pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in the rat.
65  anorectal manometry
(15 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
HD (3 times)
ARM (2 times)
EAS (2 times)
1999 [Our concept of defecography. Methods and reproducibility of results].
66  Anorectal melanoma
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
WLE (3 times)
APR (2 times)
2004 BRAF mutations distinguish anorectal from cutaneous melanoma at the molecular level.
67  acute malnutrition
(14 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CMAM (4 times)
SAM (4 times)
MUAC (3 times)
2013 Sustainability and scaling-up analysis of community-based management of acute malnutrition: lessons learned from Burkina Faso.
68  Aegle marmelos
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GRA (2 times)
AGEs (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2001 Dominant lethal test in rats treated with some plant extracts.
69  alpha-amylase
(14 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
AMG (4 times)
CGTase (3 times)
AG (2 times)
1989 [Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies on mucous cysts].
70  abdominal migraine
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
FAP (2 times)
FD (2 times)
IBS (2 times)
2005 Efficacy of flunarizine in the prophylaxis of cyclical vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine.
71  Amazonas
(13 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
ACL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2012 Serological evidence of hantavirus infection in rural and urban regions in the state of Amazonas, Brazil.
72  Amelanotic melanoma
(13 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
MM (3 times)
AHM (2 times)
AHBML (1 time)
2004 Amelanotic/hypomelanotic melanoma: clinical and dermoscopic features.
73  animal model
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
ADG (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
AM-IGE (1 time)
1981 Animal models for alcohol research.
74  antimuscarinic
(13 times)
Urology
(6 times)
OAB (5 times)
AB (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2013 Imidafenacin for the treatment of overactive bladder.
75  attention mechanism
(13 times)
Neurosciences
(5 times)
DL (3 times)
LSTM (3 times)
CNN (2 times)
2020 Whole mammographic mass segmentation using attention mechanism and multiscale pooling adversarial network.
76  autonomous motivation
(13 times)
Education
(6 times)
CM (7 times)
SDT (3 times)
CE (2 times)
2011 Direct and mediated effects of two theoretically based interventions to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables in the Healthy Body Healthy Spirit trial.
77  adolescent medicine
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
AP (1 time)
BP/CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1981 Supervision of pediatric trainees in biosocial pediatrics. A survey of graduate programs.
78  alpha-macroglobulin
(12 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
MFP (2 times)
Ccr (1 time)
delta Hc (1 time)
1984 Effect of methylamine and plasmin on the conformation of human alpha 2-macroglobulin as revealed by differential scanning calorimetric analysis.
79  alternating minimization
(12 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FBP (4 times)
CT (2 times)
TV (2 times)
2002 Prospects for quantitative computed tomography imaging in the presence of foreign metal bodies using statistical image reconstruction.
80  AM-Gly
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AM-m (4 times)
AM-T (3 times)
ANP (2 times)
1998 The intermediate form of glycine-extended adrenomedullin is the major circulating molecular form in human plasma.
81  amitriptyline
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AO (2 times)
FL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
1993 [Effectiveness and tolerance of amitriptyline oxide in chronic tension headache--a multicenter double-blind study versus amitriptyline versus placebo].
82  amnion
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
MSCs (3 times)
BM (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1998 Amniotic membranes as prosthetic material: experimental utilization data of a rat model.
83  arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ECM (2 times)
AL (1 time)
DB (1 time)
1994 Effects of soil phosphorus on spore germination and hyphal growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
84  atypical mycobacteriosis
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
MAC (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
AFBC (1 time)
1990 [Three cases of pulmonary atypical mycobacteriosis associated with lung cancer and adult T-cell leukemia].
85  active monitoring
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
HR (2 times)
mCRC (2 times)
2015 A Randomized Controlled Trial of Individual Family Psychoeducational Psychotherapy and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Youth with Subsyndromal Bipolar Disorder.
86  amantadine
(11 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LOD (2 times)
QCM (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1987 [Stimulation of the central dopaminergic receptor in essential hypertensive patients using amantadine].
87  ambulatory monitoring
(11 times)
Urology
(6 times)
AH (1 time)
ARS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1980 Arrhythmias detected by ambulatory monitoring. Lack of correlation with symptoms of dizziness and syncope.
88  amenorrheic
(11 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
EU (4 times)
OL (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1981 Female runners and secondary amenorrhea: correlation with age, parity, mileage, and plasma hormonal and sex-hormone-binding globulin concentrations.
89  aminopyrine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
PB (4 times)
AN (3 times)
MAA (3 times)
1975 [Combined use of bucolome and pyrazolone derivatives (1). Pharmacological activities and blood concentration].
90  angiomatous meningioma
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
ADC (6 times)
ROC (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2013 Clinical characteristics and treatment of angiomatous meningiomas: a report of 27 cases.
91  animal manure
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ADW (2 times)
ARGs (2 times)
HS (2 times)
2010 Thermogravimetric analysis of biowastes during combustion.
92  axillary meristem
(11 times)
Botany
(5 times)
LAX1 (2 times)
SAM (2 times)
WUS (2 times)
2009 Two-Step Regulation of LAX PANICLE1 Protein Accumulation in Axillary Meristem Formation in Rice.
93  akinetic mutism
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TBI (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CN (1 time)
1989 Spontaneous bilateral anterior cerebral artery occlusion resulting in akinetic mutism. A case report.
94  amlodipine besylate
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
AT (4 times)
MCR (3 times)
HCTZ (2 times)
2008 Simultaneous determination of metoprolol succinate and amlodipine besylate in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method and its application in bioequivalence study.
95  amorphous
(10 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
Cr (3 times)
AH (1 time)
AMB (1 time)
2011 Phase transformations of amlodipine besylate solid forms.
96  artificial mucus
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DPPC (2 times)
AAFO (1 time)
AMs (1 time)
2006 An 'artificial mussel' for monitoring heavy metals in marine environments.
97  Atractylodes macrocephala
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
LPS (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2008 Effects of Atractylodes macrocephala on the cytomembrane Ca2+-activated K+ currents in cells of human pregnant myometrial smooth muscles.
98  acrylamide monomer
(9 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DMDAAC (2 times)
RBF (2 times)
APS (1 time)
1999 Effects of lactational administration of acrylamide on rat dams and offspring.
99  active moiety
(9 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
RIS (5 times)
TDM (2 times)
5-HMT (1 time)
2014 Venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine concentrations in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid.
100  alfalfa meal
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
CS (2 times)
FM (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1985 Dietary effects on content of hepatic lipid, plasma minerals, and tissue ascorbic acid in hens and estrogenized chicks.